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ornfciAf Afidl hbkrcsow coustt-tweivb pages ABILEKE, RA?;:'.; iai.-DAY MORNING, MARCH 24, 1$0 ' VOt. XXVII NS27. McK.nlayM.ade Great Expert Estimates the Wheat Yield fotic to Our Subscriber 1 ,' it ? ;,:V'R6tiubHc'an Address i The most, understandable tariff speech ever given in -Abilene m made at the courtroom last evening by Congressman Duncan McKlnlay. Every seat waa occupied and a,bout 25 were standing. For two nourc close attention was given the speaker and It waa pronounced by all as notably cleaf ; end definite preaentai tn of tie financial aide of govern- nient minageent.: Mr. JMcitiniay took up' the expense! pf toe govern-, jnientshowlnl Jus'whiry tbe money; appropriated Is spent, pensions, army, navy, poif bottdlngs, .salaries, agri culture, etc. . ., . , .w Tbea u aborted where the foVerfr intent geta Its money: Internal reven- ue on liquors and tobacco, poetoftlce teeelpts, sale of public lands, cor poration, .tag, and tariff On rmports, XD1S inner- ae "eiaoTiu; t" Story of Tariff LegteUtlOB. 7 ' i The stealer traced the country . ifrbm the first tariff" 1832 to tVfi present one and aald that eacn nign tariff meant prosperity and each low tariff meant depression." ' He' called attention to the fact that the wealth 'Of this country had doubled In thlr- teen years and the number of work- logmen has done eyen better than that, The wealth of the country he estimated at $120,000,000,000 and the number of employed men he placed at 7,000,000 as against 3,- 000,000 thirteen years ago. ; Heeaid prices were high but. the high prices were not brought about by the tariff. Inctdently be accused the trusts of the trouble but said that they would have to be dealt with separately. : - "The protective system of tbe Re publican party is the only system, declared tbe orator. "Take the tariffs nf the earlr dars. As Ions: as the Ba , .T--. , ' lion was under the protective system money was plentiful,, business was . good, the laboring people were em ployed and prosperity, reigned su preme. In the late '30's and early '40's the low tariff party got Into power. And, what was the result? Why ruin swept the land. One-fourth of the people, of this nation are low. tariff advocates.,; Who are they? ' Why do ihey stand for low duties? The questions are answered . with ease. They are the salaried people. - who Know that if goods are allowed , to enter here with low duties, their money will last longer and buy more. But on the other hand three-fourths " of our people are for a high protec tive tariff. Who are they? And why their position? They are the mer chants, laboring men, farmers and men In Ilka callings, who know that ' if the . tariff la . made too low the country will be ruined, i. , The Present Tariff. ". 1 ' "Take the present tariff.; It has 2,024 schedules. " Congress allowed 1160 of these to remain aa they were under the Dlngley bill. A total of 874 schedules were changed, of which number (54 were lowered and the remainder raised. Why my friends we hear a whole lot of talk about this tariff business about revision. ten you tbe Republican party pledg- edMUelf to revise the tariff but It did not say It would cut It t opleceS. ''Carping critics find fault with Out tariff and would pic it to pieces. Newspapers are doing their best to discredit (he. congress gnd president of the 'United States in this, tariff patter. Why 7, I'll '(! yon because they are getting -a 'rake off..' The crltica talkfabout 'manufacturer. Well there are two kinds' ot manu facturers.?' ThoajB who employ Amer ican labor Xt high wages ana tnose wb& art turning out alike In China and the Orient for sale here with labor costing 3 toM4 cento a day. These men are Importers and are in terested In getting low tariff rates, Where do the newspapers the great papers of Chicago, New York, Kansas City and other big cities come It? Right here. They get thousands and thousands and thousands of dollars worth of advertising from the Im porters and department stores. Many department store owners are Import ers. The newspapers toaay are Di rected by the department stores, their) policies suit the department store owners, or they are changed to suit at a 'moment's notice. This country is cursed with a lot of news papers and, newspaper writers. Tear down. Tear down that's all they do. False Statements. - He showed up the falsity of some of Judge Reea; statements at Man hattan the other night. Reel said that congress should receive no credit for passing the Urlff commission pro vision of the Payne law, because it emasculated the measure so that the Information really waa to go to tbe president and not congress. ''The reports of the tariff commis sion will be made puhlio documents." said McKlnlay. ."They will go to the president, first as they should. He will transmit them to congress for legislative action, The original proposition complained ot was one which gave tbe commission legisla tive . power. It antboriied the com mission to raise or lower schedules as It deemed wise. Constitutional lawyers 'claimed - that such a pro vision would not stand the test, That congress had sole power to pass rev enue measures. Bo the provision Iras changed. The commission will now collect' the Information and it will transmitted to congress by the ba president and congress . will take lflSD iogtoo's:liifluoio Over one hundred years have elapsed since the death of our first President, but his influence upon the American people remains the same. ' , . young . man, if you would have your influence continue into the future and remain the same with your posterity, you must have a legacy to leave them. And the surest way to provide one is through an account with this bank. ., , Don't hesitate because you can only start with a small sum even a dollar will be accepted. AOILECE IIATIOIIAL BAflK Abilene, Kansas Real EiUle Mortgages, BoJ If yoa desire a safe Is vestment la Real Estate Mortgages or Bonds yon are Invited to ea3 and obtain fall Information. Because of the Increased cost of paper and labor all the weekly papers of Abilene will oa April 1, 1910, make their aabscrlptioa price f 1JSO year. This is the rate charged by nearly all the county seat papers of Kansas. : It Is she price la Heringtoa and Is recognized as the least for which f int-dawa newspaper caa pnbUsh Ba papers and pay the postage thereon. The cost of printing newspaper Is fully twice what it wwa tea years ago yet the Abilene papers are receiving the same sabtcrlptloa rate, Their publishers feel that they caanot afford to continue this and will make tt 91.00 a year ham April 1, 1M. ii rom bad after April t 110, the subscription p'rice of tlie Weekly1 Reflector will be fl.BO a year. , . Subscriptions will be received aitfl April 1st ai the old rata and old snbscrfben aSa pay In advance aa faraa they wish before that time at the old rate of 1 per year. . v;;''::yl , . Subscribers at a diatance may seid their renewals before that date and rreilttaaces postmarked April I or He'forsj will be received on the old bwis a rear oatside this and adjoining oomntlet; $1.00 la the county. . .; " r Foreign suliecriptloas will be received at the i home with tlw accessary extra postage added. rate aa those at .Mease do not neglect this notice. . Take -advantage of It aad pay la advance promptly and secure the old rate. f : The Weekly Reflector will as uaual contain all the news, twelve pages every week the year round. We believe all our subscribers will appreciate the situation and will gladly continue on our books. .The farmer who receives $1.00 a bushel for his wheat aad for other farm products la pro portion should aot object. He will be paying less for his paper than when wheat was OQ cents and he, paid $1.00 a year, i We greatly appreciate the splendid patronage given the Reflector, which has several hundred more subscribers than any other paper printed In Dickinson county, and bone to retain the confidence and patronage of our thousands of readers, ,i whatever action is necessary-" Mr. McKialay pleaded with the farmers present not to allow them selves to be stampeded by this cry against tbe tariff. You sever were more prosper ous," said fee. -wny tmna oi matt ing a change, when the only possible thing a change could do Is to" hurt you. I cannot conoetve wny a pros perous farmer, business man or any other Intelligent person would want to bring disaster upon himself. About Sugar Prices. Much has been said recently In one of the low tariff Kansas papers that sugar was selling higher In this country than Canada. It blamed the sugar trust and the tariff, Why didn't It tell you the truth? Why didn't It say that now sugar brought into this country and manufactured and then taken right out again got the drawback and that It bad to then pay the Canadian tariff In order to get it in there. The workmen of this country got pay for manufacturing it even though - It was oonsuiri-d rn Canada.. The fact Is that Kansas farmers get more sugar for a dollar than do the people of Canada, Some time ago Judge Rees declar ed that Taft and congress had gold- bricked the. people on the tariff. Some 'fifth district Republicans told McKlnlay of It. . "Taft and congress did not gold brick the people ea the tariff," said Mr, McKlnlay. "The only ones who are gold-brlcklng tbe people are the men wbe are denouncing the tariff aad who are trying to secure office by misleading the people on tbe new tariff." Street Corner Financier. He paid his respects to the street corner loafer who waa always settling the affairs of state, "Ton can sit on a dry goods box out In front of the stores, whittle up all the mer chant's pine boards, and solve all the great problems of state. Many of them are now telling you that times are out of Joint; that Taft Is not making good and the tariff Is rob bing the people. The chances are that their wives are taking In wash ing for a living or going hungry. President Tsft Is doing .every thing possible for the welfare of the American people. - He is conscient iously carrying out all of the great policies to which he and his party stand committed. He may not suit the free traders nor the street cor aer loafers, but he la helping to keep bnsinns going which mesne that the farmera will get their full ahare of propsperitjr. " " are trytag to get of- flcelry denouncing the taclft Jaw,' continued McKlnlay. "They, cannot denounce the law and run on a low tariff platform consistently, unless they are Democrats. They may want to run on something else, but the fact remains they anp Democrats. There Is no getting around It." McKlnlay said tbe same agencies are at work to destroy prosperity that were at It In '82. That President Taft was being pursued by the same element that Inspired the brain ot a crazy mad to assassinate Preside t McKlnley. . . I's t'.e same old crowd of free traders," said he, "and don't let them fool you one bit." Trusts and the Tariff. "There is no use to mix up the trust question and the tariff, "con tinued Mc. McKlnlay. "That Is' an other trick of the free traders. The fact Is the free trade countries have Just as many trusts as we have and the products of a large number of the trusts of this country are not protected In the least by the tariff. President Taft .has surrounded him self with the ablest bunch of trust busters In history and ths trusts that are violating the law are sure to be brought to time." Mr. McKlnlay paid a big compli ment to Congressman Calderbead. He told of the frequent occasions that Calderbead was called to the White House to confer with the president about legislation and the part he played in framing the tariff law. He observed thst Calderbead had got per haps more government money for his district than any othsr Western con gressman. He had secured more than his share of public buildings and was getting things for bis constituents sll tbe time. It Is important you you keep a man In congress who can do those things," said he. Bis Defease of Taft. Congressman McKlnlay was here to defend the administration of Pres ident Taft And he did. He declared that the gentleman from tbe Buck eye state was carrying out tbe pledges of his party to the letter. "That great character, our presi dent, William Howard Taft, Is doing his best for the people tbe whole people. He Is turning his splendid mind toward the questions of the day, determined to solve them for tbe people. He seeks to have the Sherman anti-trust la,w amended so to give the federal government more power over corporations" who break the law. Prosecute them. He'll prosecnte them to an everlasting fin ite.. He watts it possible to mete. This from the Kansas City Star seem to be a fair estimate of the present condition' nf Kanctu wheat: 0. A. Cooper wired Harris, Win- throp ft Co, ot Chicago: - After trav eling more than 67S miles iu an auto mobile and Inspecting over a thousand wheat fields In thirty-seven counties containing over tour million acres of wheat, I summarise wheat conditions In Kansas ai follows:, 51 per cent it in good average condition tor this time of the year and now promises a good crop; 81 per cent is badly damaged by winter tilling, leaving a poor and sickly weak plant, I esti mate present damage to this class of wheat at 36 per cent, some pf which ceuld be overcome with favor able weather; 17 per cent abandoned, amounting to 720,000 acres in thirty-seven counties. These figures aa applied . to the whole state Indicate) aa average condition on the entire area sown of about 64 per cent, iug gestlng a crop of about 70 million bushels. If conditions are favorable from now on. To produce this result there moat be rain within a few days. Northwest Kansas prospects ar? very promising," . , , In Dickinson, county the wheat la In a loW average condition and many fields are being' sown to oats. Rain id badly needed. WSht Tb Be A Road Dfagman Nov? How'd you like to be the drag man? Chapter 197 of the session laws of Kansas for 1909 creates an individ ual called the "drag man." His duty Is to form an intimate acquaintance with' a road drag, whose manufacture is also slightly described In the same law. It is bis duty to hitch this drag to a team of horses and work Up and down the highway during the year, In the hope of bettering the condition of the highway. No matter it the Job ot the drag man is one of the new creations It Is very Important plaae.A man should have a good road head and that head should contain Ideas that will make the roads better, If the Ideaa and road drag were used. To build a-road under this drag law means the use Of a tot of common sense, or horse sense. And It can be done on a lot of roads. The law which refers to drags and drag roads, says: "And it shall be shall appoint a drag man for each section, when tbe conditions of sucjt highway require such work. . The township board shall provide a'road drag for each section, which shall be shod with steel blades, and not to be less than seven feet In length'. 8atd board shall divide such roads as re quired by reason of travel and grade width, more than one trip with drag. For the purpose of this act a trip shall be the dragging of the entire length of a section and return. The township board shall designate what portion of the road shall be single trip and what part shall be double trip road, 11 ," ' ,' ,"Sec. I. In the selection and ap pointment of a drag man the real dents abutting' their section shall have the preference; provided, that township boards may remove the drag man from bis position on ac count of Ineffectual work and make another appointment for said section at any time. "Sec. S. Compensation for a single-trip shall be at the rate of not to exceed SO cents per, mile, with a maximum expenditure of $5 per mile for any one year, and for double-trip roads at the rate of 75 . cents per mile, with a maximum rate ot $7.60 per mile for any one year." . This act is in force and effect. It applies to every township board. It Is an Inexpensive way. Many a mile of road can be made better than Jt la now. It is easy to Improve mile shall be the duty of said board to see after mile of highway and it la easy the duty of said board to see that the provisions of this act are enforced." Here are three sections of this law: 'Section 1. It shall be the duty of the township board, for the purpose of this act to designate such roads In their Judgment, by reason of amount of travel and grade conditions shall be known as drag roads. They shall divide such roads into sections as will best carry out the purposes and provisions of this act. And It that the provisions of this act are enforced. Beginning at a point near est to city or town these sections shall be continuous to the extreme point dragged or to the township boundry, except where soli conditions make It Impracticable to drag. Said board (o decide whether or not this method will do the work. out the same punishment to rich men who stifle trade and kill com petition, as Is meted out to any petty larceny thief. He wants your aid In making this possible. "He Is meeting the railroad is sue like a man. He Is carrying out ths policies of Theodore Roosevelt, that mighty man who did so much to turn our faces toward (Ight. He asks the Vote of every Republican. The present tariff is the best this country has ever bad." When be came to the word "best" he paused a second,' fire flashed from his brown eyes. His fighting Jaw was pushed a little further forward. He looked out over tbe gathering of a few hundred Repunlicans who bad gathered to hear him and then well. and then he said "best." Mr.. McKlnlay Is ad unusuallyln- terestlng talker and carries convic tion with blm. He did not attack anyone and showed fairness for both factions of the Republican party. His plea throughout was for the two elements of the party to get together and not allow the Democrats to gain control. " Mr. McKlnlay did not refer to the trouble at Washington, but declared ihat tbe time had come for all Re publicans to fcrgt.: '.'j'lr differences snd anlte for the common good. The speech pleased everybody. Those who thought the lncurgents were going to be drawn snd Quarter ed may have been disappointed as the speaker treated them all as Republicans. Union Central News Mr, Alfred Dorman of Lucas, Kan., Insured with the Union Central Life January 30, 1902. , He selected a $5000 Ordinary Life policy on which seven premiums of $253.90 each were paid. These premiums were reduced by the following dividends: 1904 $37.36 1905 $41.95 190 $4.60 1907 $63.10 190$ ....$57.70 1909 .......$83.15. 1910 ..$69.30 , Total $363.46 Mr. Dorman died January 3, 1910, and the payment of his policy $5000 was made on January 17th. .This policy shows a profit of $3691.18 to the estate. A comparison on divi dends paid Is invited with any com pany In the United States. Insur ance Journals have stated repeatedly that the large dividend payments of the Union Central owing to their in terest earplugs and low death rates enabled them to furnish Insurance at lower net cost than any other com pany in the field. . ' Call or write for Information to ife Ids. Co. C. C. Wyandt, Gen. Agt. . AEILEVE, KAXSAS.