Tenants of Dickinson
Who Made Money
Penniless and In aervltud yea-
terday; opulent," Independent, ma-
tor of broad acres and fat nerds to-
iflay that Is the history or nunarea.
ot agricultural w
rh. hanor transition, not literally
of day, perhapa, bnt of few sea-
. " : .... .
ona at most, nas neen we vow
f one-time tenant farmers, now
ii.- ui..na" nf the
wnnat nroenerou. rural commuum
'ar - ,
In America, . ,.
Those men have proved that neve
a. ahort cut to wealth tnai mere
to auch thing as a legitimate get-
rtfh-nnlok aratem. The have prov.
that hralna and sweat, mixed with
the soil, will grow dollar, where
only weed, grew before, ana vm
Minaclentlou. and Intelligent effort,
-without capital, will produce more
la the country than In the city.
What is their secretT There Is
one. There i. nothing mlraculou.
ta their achievement the wonder
I. that many more have not made
the same aucceM under like condi
tions. They are merely hard-handed,
hard-headed, intelligent farmers, who
aew their business and took ad
vantage of the opportunities offered.
They nave studied farming a. a buil
es, lust aa the successful city man
las atudled merchandising, banking
r any other department of commer
Their course has been certain and
rapid, but not easy. - It Is not one
to be followed successfully by the city
man, Intelligent and witling, Pr
liaps, but without practical knowl
edge of farm problems and their so
lution. And they are no less above
ul beyond the class of countrymen
lacking In initiative, brains, energy
ud stamina, wbo.drudge away tbelr
live. M tenant farmer, without ao
cvmulatlng enough to prftvlde for a
decent burial at the ena.
A majority oi me wnani mi
uireu uuua u .v.i.
wneri, ana nao noui.n. .
age. of a few doBar. a month. b.m
n.i. . f.w y.ars ago. wow
:!L0" yth.m .J wll- -do. and
ome areTicn. noi ricu m vu-oi
d owning enormou. bank account,
Vt bundle, of .tock, and bond., but
. . . i v. ..... i
U th. poMeMion of their W
, 3 rm to lay away able to grow enough and be bought ly. Fart one win ne a concern m
margln of cash profit to lay away a ... ictuding mulc by the high achool
ach ...son. They began by v,ng
little Of the little they ..
addmplng until they acquired !
nh.0 ?aS. to thirty olc. dairy
ssentlajl to the basineat of farm ' .r.tor in
i.. Th.- h ranted lana ana
bout th. business of overtaking op
portunities and seising them for their
; , '
Here follow some of the plain
torles that tell of the transition
tram soverty io prosperity: : i
Three miles north it Hope, bl
U Dickinson county, there is a typi
cal Kansas farm, with Ita big barn
'tor barns in Kansas are by no
means the last consideration a com
fortable appearing boa.., and. scat
tered about the place may be aeen
attle some for beef and others for
dairy purposes hog., ' sheep and
chlrkana. There are 160 sores in
ehlckens. Th.re are 160 acre, m
.... . .
and dollars worth off than nothing."
a. . int tha lane
which led Into thl. plac he saw a
which led Into this place be saw a
farmer unloading hedgewood. There
. . .
was nothing aoout tnia man .which:
would have made him atand out In
crowd. He wa. roburt and showed
that he had lived much In tne open."- "
The viaitor guessed him to be tS.'W- The third year his corncrlb
' . I a.J vMln hln. r.ra flllMl fn (ha
Thl. man wa. Tom Lay. Thirteen
year, ago be wa. threshing grain
for farmer, and there waa not a
loot of land on the earth which he
-could call bta own. "One night I
decided that I could never get ahead
at the thrashing game." Mr. Lay
aid, "so I made up my mind to
nm. jb ihv wu7b wiw HiM.vu WW
. i.na .w miiaa aorth of
farm. My twa boys and I moved on
Uodo. For ten year, we plowed andj
a sia am. of arouiid.-.tle,
... . ,j .... h ... fc.ni
work bat he did not mind ft because
... a... L mmm wn..
kie efforts were resulting la actuall
nutnotina of arala and feed. It
waa through feeding cattle and hogs
that Mr. Lay found farming most
profitable. The eorn that he raised
was ground sad fed to cattle, and In
the same pens with tha cattle mln
gfed the boge. . For ten year, he
farmed the 40 acre Then the
train and feed which he had grown
bad fattened enough cuttle and hog
to buy a farm of HO ecree, upon
.leh be now tires. It did hot take
k 1 fcls money to buy the land, and
t -t of abat was left waa ued in
-j p a new house and a ae
n ci h-s home. Now Mr. Lay
! .. r I t't ewta bom, had tfcat
' ' ''-I
be waa offered iuu an '"-i
But he won't
ing bow everytniog """nM Deen farming. But he always
out or tne ... ,,. .
. Every man who rents farm land
Every man wno "
docn't get rich. There U C . H.
.M,... - .xamnle.
rewrpuu ui 7r ...
He grew tired of teamatert life
r urn and moved from ADliene
.. .. ..,h.t of
to a iarui ii.o - - i
, . v. vaaf
on the farm. '
eon county w uw o
last year, and
Z m bus .T. of 'cZ f 0; 65
and 826 bushels oi corn ireiu
. . . . ........
"But I cleanea up aeveri uuuu-,
red dollar, be.ldea m'y Hvlng." Pete, j
on saia. 'ana inav ' -
. . .. . . i .t, . m
. . k- . m I m
could have done In town, so l am.
t wT. not from the grain that be
mea. the sever., hundred 4,
u hnA aavsral cows and the natural aiuB u - - -
SSL -ttedlth. real s.en .,
him about 1200. Then there were
cTckrand,2theM brought h.m Wm.
$1,000," th new farmer said. .
Thara are not many farmers who
are as fortunate a. Henry W. Smith
..... .n mi- Rmlth owned no lana.."1
- " . .
But he had 11,000. He planicea
down 1500 of It a. one yenra i-ui.
for th. Oeorg. W. Borman place,'
comprising 820 acres of grass prairie,
.... " ... in
alfalfa, corn auu wum, ,nuw, ,
Sicklnaon Fin. farm building., too,'
figured In the deal; a commodlou. me enu o. y - -iigureu
iu earned for him;
dairy oarn swung m uwi.
Mr. Smith saw that he would be
equipped to keep a large herd of
aairy cowa iu. ,.. .
r-- . . .
nna of cattle that were too emaclat-
L that these cattle should retum
in Kansas anu ve ihubiio
bought a lot of these cattle that
were too - poor to butcher for bee .
"--- - -
JJ fatt c.Ule
ttat he mHim to "
vi. v.... Th. .rum waa anld at
Navarre and the separated milk was the glrla' glee club are: Haiel Sea
ted while warn to pigs and calves, ver, Irene Etherington, Juanita En
Tbe atock grew into money and in gto. Mary Hill, France. Stowitt..
three year, this man cumulated Gladys Tufts, Ethel Coleman, Bow
nouah money to buy a 480-acre na Engle, Florence Van Doren,
farm In Johnson county.
n. n, nmimiwu, .uu uwu - .
juu-scre term vaiuea ai tivu au
acre, four mile, southeast of Abilene,
Kansw, twelve yeor. ago waa . hired
hand on th. farm, getting 120 a
month. H. mad. up hi. mind th.t
be would go Into th. farming bu.I-
n.M and make th. profit on hi.
u. im. .v.. v.. v.
w w " " .hart Olah. H. W. Rohrer. Frank
a a waat hi mnntniv unnr nm nnuint m
a- rented ,h. farm which
" -' "
the crops for rent. The tlrrt' year
conditions were unfavorable for farm.
" .-- - . ,1" 1
t the year 8160 In Abile.A Wells Farm Shown in an
H.h, lint illapniirnaacl. ha borrowed.. Irfltflfl Wlnilnvj Danl. '
money at the bank, bought seed andj
Put out another crop, with the result
.... h. ....r... rl .... hi. n m f 1 , . w.ra
first time and he made the first the country. ' It shows In a repro
payment on the farm. He obtained auction from photographs the Abl-
hikk auu tuiikwi,
.kl.... . . .M.H I..M . kn
vuiiraeua aiv a auiani n..ui, uu,
Mr. Henderson believe, th.t be baa
made aa mach money from his chick-
ens as he has from bis cattle. , water and the shipping station, all
Mr. Henderson says that there Is artistically depicted by a skilled art
moner In Mock. He believe, in bav- tat. Tha olotura la not only true to
ing a variety,' and no matter what
the eeaaea of the year, horses, eat-
sheep and hog. are la hi. barn
lot. "Ther trow While I aleea."
Henderson said. '
' naira aeipeo ar. nenaerro ro
i7 ivi . M.twi . .. if
first payment ba aowed thirty acre
la alfalfa. This, ome yean pro-
A iu ft v. I nn. I. ,h. ..m a turn
at each cutting. It I. marketable
uawiraiiiuiB via a wa.
J. At-Moyer'never had any educa-
hub. n Haw tw live id ai uacaiiuv.i
la., and decided one day about six.
tee years age that us rarra was
the place tor him. "Thirty dollars
worse eft than notbtni" was his
condition. Kow he owns a fine Dirk-!
Ifiacn county farm of ISO acres, five
mle oothtt of AMiena, and sev-
era! ttmea- be) ba. refuaad tt0 an
am for it. . This spring b told a
40-cre tract of land several miles
from fall home place and recelred for
It I2.B00. . And. bealdei ownlpr 120
acre of Improved land, Mr Mover
baa money in the Ban.
: "How did tou do itr be waa ask-
' ...... 1
M. Mo. d that be followed
0 t Plan In the sixteen year, be
4 lt more profitable to put
the grain and feed Into .tock, a
tnen-Mll th, ,tock, , Mieve. Aat
u u,u" """"v'
Ed: Mitchell used to own the town
in Hope. . He ' hauled
UIBJ IU VV ' -
merchandise and baggage of the
town for three years, Then on. day
. . . ,
aside any money for old age.
After . vw talk with m. P,rt.
try the rr. .if.. He rented . farm
thrM and , hal( mllea n0rth of Hope
'and cave aa rent one-third of the
wimv n. ...... d
larm eigmy acrea. me
re.ult.. though the crpp. generany
two J" u"1
ow. "I need to sel, my gru, n an
was vuo ..... -
vf h h. -Mow l
sell no grain, but feed It and sell
the stock." ; ; Cv
Eli?ht years have elapsed since
Mr. Mitchell first began farming
-. tt In VMnb n nnn ni r
J. F. Brechblll, five mile, north of
- - -
Detroit In Dickinson county. . the
a.u i .
how he makes his money. Mr.
Brechblll keep. book. He know.
what Ms bc have produced, valued
t . h h
inai uurmg uio mm
h... th. frm he nrcduced 3500
U. Hvlnr-Ka'nsa. City ,ta,
. HIGH SCHOOi ARTISTS. '
Concert and Minstrel Show Friday
Night a Hummer.
Indications are for' a full bouse
th. hrt .le, oluD.. mlll.
orchestra, .olo. by Warren Cole-
man. Marion Seelye, B. C, Tllot,n.
minstrel show with Bar. Merrif.e.d
Interlocutor and the u.ua. array, of
. . . . ,
DlaCKtftCe arilBU. me msmueia
esta Engle, Annie Olah, Edna Kug-
:ier, Earner noil, .esaie uooa, jbuuic
Hope, Elisabeth Landis, Ethel En-
,v ... ...
tmem: Merrlf leld, Oron
Walter V ckers, Amos En-
HowardHoffman. Alfred SchmuU.
Oarver. Clinton 8olt, Owen Olah, Al-
AN ATTRACTIVE PICTURE.
The AbllenA Company has received
.1.. 1... . .hnt...nil
i" aunouou. v.
urge window pictures that will be
.... n I. ....I. ...... rini. . f r... In
niui iarm wb niiitm huhuwvh ui
.Lit . , 1 1. ,1. .V..
ASliena WHU ine lllij Willi", me
pumping arrangement, with portable
gasoline engine,, the loading of the
life but a gnat attraction. When
first put up in Chicago the crowds
blocked the streets to get a look at
tha aoaaa. AhllaaA la bain a advar.
used the country aver in ewspa-
pars ana magasiae. ana Ita lame ana
amiva .i : u.jo.
. ' . Fanaen AttemUoa.
f!.f.M u.m. j.1. .h .!'..!..
your eorn get our latest Improved
uiimax canning am ana
lWa have added
wa nave aauea a corn graaer
the mill which does excellent work
. riruw D1TID oaua uq llfai
mixed or barley and wheat, we have
added special sieves and screens rot
that purpose, that does splendid
The mill cleent and grades all
kinds of seeds from alfalfa to con.
, WM. H'lXWAK,
READlf FOR WL
Oemocrats Organize House for First
. Time in 16 Years.
CHAMP CLARK THE NEW SPEAKER
Jam. R. Mann Not Csnnon Selectr
d by Republicans as Their Floor
Leader A t-ong Session ..
Waihlngton, April 4 In accordance
H,h iha nail nf President Taft con
gress convened In extraordinary ses
sion at noon. The bouse was called
to order by Alexander McDowell clerk
of the last session. .
Fnr tha first time in IS years tne
rumAM-atlfi narty finds Itself In con
trol by a most decisive majority in
th lower bouse. One of the nrst acts
..... th. iptinn of Chamo Clark of
Missouri, as speaker to succeed the
picturesque Cannon. All 4ne worm
waa than to .ee. Democrat, bay.
flocked Into Washington during the
past two aays iron ever awuvu v
th. country. 'i
a a anon aa the house was organisea
the president was notified that con,
cress awaited any communication ha
might wish to send. ,
Tha aeaaion has been called apecin-
iiv fnr tha Durnose of giving effect
to the reciprocity agreement which
the president negotiated last January,
iha haat information obtainable at
the White bouae la that President
Taft will deal with this matter aione
in hi. maaaaaa which be will send to
the congress when he has been noti
fied that the two bodies are organised
and ready to receive any communicar
tlon that ba might have to make to
them.' ': -
Spoke for the Democrats. -
v.., in thla message the address
nf fhamn Clark on assuming the
speakership was the most Important
utterance of the day. Mr. uiarx is
essentially a presidential candidate.
But that aside for the present by rea
son of the post for which he has
been chosen, he speaks for the great
body of victorious Democrats he
sounded the party keynote for the
special session laying down the lines,
marking out the course. -
Tha nrealdent's message Will urge
the enactment of the reciprocity pact.
But by this act in summoning con
i.t. avtra aaaslon he has flung
wide open the doors for legislation
And the Democratic party, wita ns
promises of 15 yeara strewn over the
political battleflelda of that period,
has been quick ta seise us opponu-
.11. .tM hiiu have already been
framed to reduce the tariff on wool,
i ... . . . ih.
cotton and tne omer amcree m
(n. anil food that enter Into the com
mon lite of the masses of people.
No Welting for Tariff Boaro.
Th nnaldant la on record aa hav
ing declared that the tariff revision
ought to wait until tne tantt oosru
baa presented the facts on which to
base a revision of tha schedules. The
n.Ai.n,i nnaltlnn Is that (or la
year, the party baa urged the elec
torate to elect a Democratic congres.
which would revise the tariff and re
a... h. mt nf uvinav If after IS
year, of promising the party should
oow turn and ask a few monms p
time in which to prepare for that
which they have already proclaimed
a readiness to do, the leadera bold
,h.t th .miM ha nlaclna their party
In a ridiculous and untenable position
before the nation. Therefore me
tariff revision will proceed, schedule
by schedule at tha extra session and
the senate first, and after that Presl
t. win ha left to decide wheth-
uu, ... ....
er tbe verdict of last November shall
be given the effect or law.
Statehood for Arizona ana
....... I. nntmlmixl for this SSSSlOU
as is also the resolution providing for
amending the constitution wuereuj
TJntted States senator, may be elected
by popular vote. ,
It is believed that reciprocity will
. .. ki hvthr alone or as a
ve JJB"CU Hu. -
part of one of the billa revising a
schedule of tbe tariff, nsa n
been setUed by the Democratic lead
.OTaram ahead the lead-
. VV1LH '
era insist that lt will ba September
...... ,h. .,: of the session M
mvi. i.. - , t
completed. '. .'
a ... stafca ItAre.
Washington, April ..-Hiding a re-
..v . Umm black yell, a
voiver imw -
woro in entered and robbed a grocery
.-.,... th. wa.no at
store nera. romu-s '
... . .ma dark and at an
ion JVUU -
outer woman whe wa la the store.
the robber araerea
then proceedefl to epwi -ister.
Aa arreet baa been mada.
nhhlta thiaid. the Quail.
Topeka. April 4. Prof. L. L. Dyche,
tata hh and came warden. . haa
tr,.,T.A .ut hnw many hunters svcced
ed la evading the quail shooting law
) winter. He found that these
hunters stuffed tbe qua! Into cleaned
nhhtra and were thus enabled to e
caoe detection. Tbe warden baa the
names of several hunters who are
tald te have evaded tbe law gaiast
k " - miail and he said that war
rr.:;;s probably would be som oat
AtCOUOL 1 PiK Ok'NT.
Onuro .Morphine tarttamu
NOT ARC OTIC. :
AManVrt RrnvoV ftirCMnftsI
.. " ft ij, niMhvil
Commodities Clause of the Railroad
Law Upheld. v !
WAS A GOVERNMENT (VICTORY
Railroad Companies Through Inter
. locking Dlrectore May Not Con.
r trol Subsidiary Companies . .
Whose Freight i. Handled. . j
Washington. April 4. According to
the decision rendered In the patent
medicine monopoly case, the supreme
court believes iu free and full com
petition for the benefit of the con
in tha onlnlon of the department Of
justice this decision Is of vital Inter
eat aa tendlnc to show th. trend of
opinion of the court and Indicative
of decisions to be rendered In the
standard oil and American Tobacco
cases. Tha right and practice of these
companies to fix the price, or tneir
nroduce to the consumer, bad been
challenged by the government. .' ,
Justice Holmes Dlsesnta.
Justice Holmes dissented from the
opinion of the court Be said be be
lieved in the oolicy of letting people
manage their own business In their
own way so far as possible. He said
further ha believed there was a ten
dency to over value the benefits to
tbe public of competition and the
poplarity of that belief led him to ex
press his dissent from the majority
The court upheld tbe constitution
ality of the commodities clause of the
railroad law, under which railroads
may not own and control subsidiary
companies from which they draw
their freight The decision is a vic
tory for the government over the
Anthracite coal carriers, it reopens
fundamental questions arising under
tha law by reversing the lower court
and remanding the government case
against the coal roads for retrial. ,
Lower Court Overruled.
The claims of the government
against the Lehigh Valley Railroad
company was made a test case by the
department of justice. Similar ques
tion, were Involved In appeals taken
In cases against th Erie. Central of
New Jersey and the Delaware. Lacka
wanna and Western railroad com
panies In which similar decisions
were rendered by Chief Justice White.
The government sought leave to
amend Ita pleading In tbe circuit
court of eastern Pennsylvania. The
court refused permission aad decided
tha commodities law unconstitutional
and that the lower court was In error
when It refused permission te the gov
araaeat to amend Ita plea.
Officials of the department of Jus
tioa. aay tiey have wen a great vic
tory and that the decision of the su
preme court will force the railroads
from tbe control or Interest In the an
tbraclte coal minea.
1st discussing the declaioa Chief Jus
tice White said:
Te the Pool of the Qweatlee).
The questions Involved weat ta tbe
root of the question whether a carrier
should be permitted to - control
throufb Interlocking directors sub
sldiary companle. artl ' ''"
):ni of business, whoae frc.l -
, Exact Copy of Wrapper. . '
W U ba W Li VI
Tha Kind Yen I!:v3
vtia aianwa eeaanav. w vaaa anm
moved by (he carrier owner, tie sa'Id
there was ho question of the right of
stock owners only the right of auch
tock control a. made It Impossible
W distinguish between tbe manage
ments of tha railroad and the sub
sidiary company. , -t.
Tbe Intent of law he held, waa to
require good faith on tbe part of car
rier In the moving of freight that ad
vantage should ' not be given any
shipper and control of any commodity
so far as tbe consumer i. concerned
hould not rest In th. power of a com
mon carrier, no matter what might
be It. stock or other Interests In the
commodity or Its producing company.
PERMIT TELEPHONE MERGER
Ball, and Independent May be Per
mltted to Divide Nebraska Into
" - Twa Oistrlets.
- . . . .' . . i ' . XT..
iincom,. neo.,. aiifu
breaks senate passed a bill designed
to pull the claw, ot the .tate anti
trust law, so a. to permit the mergur
of competing telephone companies.
Both Bell and Independent Interest,
are behind the senate , bill and have
planned to divide the state into two
t.ianhone tones, the Bell taking con
trol of the telephone Held in tbe north
halt of the atate but independents Do
ing given a clear track in the south
half. Their deal follow, the line, of
the recent dicker proposed by Mor
gan snd Independent Interests for a
DRUGGISTS MAY CUT PRICES
The United Statea Supreme Court
Refused to Dive Manufacturers
Right to Control Retailers.
Washington, April 4. The attempt
to put the ban on "cut rates" In pro
prietary medicines In this country re
ceived tbe unqualified disapproval of
the supreme court of .Hbe United
State.. That tribunal declined, in an
opinion by Justice Hughes, to give
its aid to such an attempt on the
ground that lt would afford tbe manu
facturers of medicine an . unlawful
monopoly. ' ....
- The question of the right of manu
facturer to control the price of his
article to the consumer arose In a
suit begun by the Dr. Mile. Medical
company of Elkhart, Ind., against a
wholesale dealer In medicines In Cin
cinnati. John a Park t Bona con
MUST ABANDON: THE COLONELS
The "Personal Staff ef the Kansas
Governor Dees Not Please the
War Department. .
Topeka, April 4. The war depart
awnt haa suggested to the Mate that
tt reorganise the Kansas National
guard to conform to the government
regulation. If this ta done the gov-'
amor', personal stag will be abolish
ed and there will be complete reor
sanitation of tha department.
Under the present laws ot Kansas
tbe governor, as commander-in-chief
of the state militia, ha a personal
staff corps of officers ranking a.
colonel and lieutenant colonel. Should
the schema of the department of
militia affairs be adopted, this si!
con will be cut off.
The circular from the war depart-
meat Is in the nature of a surreatioa,
but It la believe that if the suigaatlca
is not adopted a general order will
follow 'Which will demand that th
(i:if!i':re conform to the new ff
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