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.. ..AT LAW-MAKERS DID FOR ' ... KANSAS. FARMERS. ' ' The legislature which bag just ad journed It to be praised lor the good ' ly amount . of constructive and pro gressive legislation it enacted In the interest of agriculture and the rural schools. . Kansas ranks second highest In literacy. Every tchool district In tbe state will hereafter be required to maintain full seven months' term of school. To aid sparsely. settled districts upon which this lengh of term would be a serious burden, the state will help, the support of tbe .school and the legislature made an appropriation of 1100,000 for this purpose. When one realises that the -vast majority of the school children of Kansas are attending tbe rural school, the Importance of tbls for ward step cannot be overestimated. Agriculture in -the Schools. The new teachers' certificate law requires all teachers of the graded and rural schools of the state to pass an examination Id the elements - of agriculture and thus be prepared to teach this subject, in tbelr schools. This is the first step toward tbe In troduction of industrial tend voca tional subjects Into the curriculum f, every public school In Kansas. Denmark, agriculturally and com- , merclally one of the most successful countries In the world, considering bar natural facilities, requires book keeping, business methods, dairying, atock feeding and crop production in sUl her public schools, In addition to the ordinary subjects. Moreover, this country, only one-fifth the site of Kansas, maintains 29 agricultural colleges, with a total attendance of ,000 students. As a result ofthls universal education In agriculture -nearly 65 per cent of her people live On tbe farm, while the United States, so recently settled, and yet so unde veloped, has not more than 85. per cent of her people on the farm. In Denmark, approximately tv, per cent of tbe farmers own the farm they 'till, while In this country, with Uncle Bam still giving away farm lands, four out of every 10 farms are oc-j cupled by tenants. . Were Kansas as densely populated ( as Is Denmark, we should now have over 9 million people. Instead of less, than IK million. Denmark sup ports this vast population and ex- ports 19 worth of foodstuff for every -acre of land under cultivation. With a better soil and a more favorable climate, does Kansas, with Its lim ited population, export this much foodstuff? , . . , Agriculture In High Schools, An appropriation was made to. wood county the Agricultural college "rapport the teaching of agriculture Is required to begin a systematic sur and domestlo science In tbe normal vey of tbe soils of the state, , and training high schools. That Is to an appropriation of $5,000 a year ay, the blgb schools of tbe state.! for the next two years was made lor 'seeking to prepare teachers will now this purpose. The cooperation of the ' be helped by an appropriation of United States department of agri . J5,000 to train these teachers so culture In this matter has already they may give Instruction In agricul- been secured, and tbe government and domestic science.' This Is an- will contribute as much money as other move toward the Introduction the state Is putting Into this work, of the Industries Into the grades and. It Is proposed to make a detailed rural schools.. 'survey, Including a physical and A vast majority of the farmers of chemical analysis of limited areas tbe country, filter upon tbelr occupa- in different parts of the state, and tlon between their 15th and 16th a study of the adaptation of each Tears. To reach them with tnatruc- toll to different crops. Thus Is tbe tlon that will make of them better 'state taking account Of Its perma cltliens and more successful hus-nent capital, the greatest asset of landmen and business men, means Kansas Is the plant food In the soil. - H Is of the utmost Importance that twwwvwi'w'i'ii'oih'wwhwh Real Estate Goes Cheap ' ' Talk about cheap prices. Can yon beat the following bar gains I have for you t ' For aieoo 8 room house. Band Springs water, good barn, cement side walks, close . to town, lot 60x150 ft. For $17506 room house, lot 60x200, high ceilings, fruit trees, good outbuildings, city water, new cement sidewalks, owner leaving town, , former price $2160. - - For (2800 1 room house, nev bath room, electric lights, city water, furnace heat, shsde and fruit trees, lot S0x!00 ft., owners asks $3500, will sell for $2500. v IK1XT MISS THIS Cash Buyer wests 40 acres of land near Abilene or house on large lot Caa yoa suit him. Tell ms and Til sell your real estate- for you. Have you a house to rent? I.tt me know. I have three roBtrs who will pay .rent la edvance.' 1 t a list of city proptr- I t , and farms.. -If ton want a I sur salt let mt know.' ' j PAUL S. JOLLEY, that they, must be reached before they leave the rural 'school. , More over, a large majority of those who go Into the Industries find their places in the shops as operators or apprentices before they are It years old, and these must be reached with Instruction In drawing, manual train' lng, commercial law, economics, etc, In the grades,' If at all. ' O tlier Important School Laws. " ..Another Important and far-reach' lng step In tbe Improvement of tht public schools was the law providing for the consolidation of rural schools when a majority of those living In a district express a desire through their votes to have snch consolidation, and making the transportation of pupils mandatory In such- districts when they live beyond i miles from the school. Another law was enacted giving district boards, as at present organ' lied, authority to transport pupils living 2 miles or more from school. Tbls applies to all classes of districts. A law was enacted providing for free tuition in high schools to all pupils In counties having a popula tion of less than 10,000, and in which such provision does not already exist. 1 Other Important legislation was enacted In the Interest of tbe city schools; making one date for the an nual school meeting throughout the state; permitting two or more coun ties to Join together for the conduct of a normal institute: making per sons eligible for county superlntend- ents who do not live In the county authorising the annexation of terri tory for school purposes to all of the larger cities, and authorizing the establishment of township high schools in rural communities. A thoroughly first-class road law was enacted. The benefits to be de rived from the use of the drag wro recognized, and failure to drag the roads Is punishable by f-ne. The road tax Is made payable In cash. Unfortunately, the bouse failed to enact Into a law the bill which the senate bad passed almost unanimous- ly, giving more authority to the highway engineer In designing the bridges, etc of much importance In portions of the state Is a carefully adjusted system of drainage hws adapted to Kansas conditions. Laws In relation to the control of contagious and Infectious diseases of .live stock were completely revised and modified and put into more workable form than ever before. A Study of Kansas Soils. Under tbe provisions of a bill In troduced by Mr. Barrier of Oreen- w know how much we have, how long It will last, how It may be con served, to what crops it Is best adapt ed and bow we may use it with the greatest good to ourselves and to those who are to follow. ' Illinois has tbls task almost com pleted, and her farmer are getting Increased returns from their land at the same time that they art con serving fertility h more ' completely than ever before. , ,L IrrlgaUoa la Western Kansas. Under the provisions of a bill in troduced by Senator Rob'nson. the Agricultural college waa authorised to undertake experiments In Irriga tion In the western part of the state In co-operation wltb the United States department of agriculture. Here, again, tbe government will meet half the expense. It Is pro posed to study the methods utili sation of windmills and other cheap metboda of pimping water, to set to whst extent tht rainfall may he la this way supplemented, and lntea ive agriculture supplant extensive farming. . , Exptriaaaata ia Every Ooenrty. the state appropriation tt the e perl merit station waa increased $7,(00 each year, with the understanding that a major portion of this Increase It to bt used In the conduct of whan may be termed outlying experiments or experiments away front Manhat tan. It Is proposed to begin by mak ing a teat of the different varieties of corn In every county In the slate The same teat will be made wltt heat. l(r(na!ng this fall. Later experiments ill groaing aifa'fa or areas not now considered to be adapt ed to this crop will be made. In the western third of the . state a careful studyOf the sorghums will be Instituted. - Already a feeding ex pertinent Is under way at Manhattan to test the value of sorghum, mllo and kaflr seed In comparison with corn for growing and fattening hogs. This Is to ascertain to what extent these drouth-resisting crops may be utilized in tbe support of livestock Industry In that portion, of the state where (be rainfall Is least, and where mllo and kaflr are more reliable crops than corn. It Is expected that some systematic experiment will be conducted this year In every county in Kansas. ..The millers Of the state had Intro duced, through Senator Hunter, bill In the senate which has become a law, requiring tbe college authori ties to make a systematic, study of wheat In the different part of the state, with a view to determining what varieties will produce not only the largest yield, but wheat of the blgbest milling quality, as well. It has been said of nearly every wheat state that sooner or later "tbe wheat quality has gone out of the sol;.' That means that for soma reason, both tbe yield and quality decline. To bring both the yield and the qual ity above the standard of former years Is the purpose oi tma new duty Imposed upon the college. , , Increased Institute Work, The largest Increase in the ap propriations to the Agricultural col lege was to tbe extension depart ment for farmers Institutes, mova ble schools. In domestic science and agriculture, etc. Tbis Is the tax payers appropriating to their own use a part of their own money. It will mean that more and better Insti tutes will be held, a larger number of sewing and cooking schools will be conducted, attended by high school girls and women In the villages and from the farm. It will mean more and better work In helping the farm' era to plan and build silos, In order that they may save their alfalfa crop In spite of the rain, or tbelr corn crop In spite of drouth and hot winds. It will mean further the develop ment of the dairy industry of tbe state, upon which tbe future of Kan sas must ultimately rest, the Indus try wblch both feeds the farmer and fattens the soil. WARMTH ENCOURAGES HES.- Eggs Are Cheaper Now Than Tlier Have Been In our x ears. , , Eggs are cheaper now than they have been at this season of the year for four years. " Thirteen' cents, and 12 cents a dozeni in trade, are the , prices . quoted for eggs at the store In contrast to. this, figures furnished local poultry houses show that duriag the month of April last year egga were bought by the pro duce men .for 19 cents a dosen, and that during May they sold at 17 cents a doxen. It was only during the hottest part of the summer that the price was much lower than It Is now. The egg output Is said to be unusu ally good this yearr -Whatever barm tht md, dry winter may have been to other producta which are related to agriculture, K has been very fa vorable to the poultry Industry. The fact that eggs were so high last year has also tended to-force the price down, so produce men say. The nign price lessened ine egg consumption and because of this tbe number of eggs kept In storage was greater than usual, There In another peculiarity about the egg market of tbls season. Hens began laying earlier than usual; As a result ths percentage of Increase In March waa very slight, because a great many of tbe hens thst had commenced laying In February had quit setting and had become broody. It la said by the produce men that aa a result a great many eggs were set early and that thlsargue for early broilers (his ' Woodbine Elects Officers. . Woodbine. April 6. Politics rather quiet la this little city. Last Monday the city election took nlaot fh our town and tht following were elected: 8. W. Mueattnmayer, who- waa mayor the last two years was elected on an Independent tick et by good majority which ahowed that be has many warm friends In tur town who wanted him la office again. L. C Weetrup, C. H. Kotpke, K. W. Kitsch. Aug. Krauet and John Shank at eoaarllmea and H. W. Full er a police Judge. . - . - Kew form Ixt at gaJtaa. Sallna, April l.C. K Klrtland baa beea re-elrfrted trator of Sallna by two kendred and fifty majority The women's ot was smaller tbaa' usual and a lack of iMeraat la tha sjwtloa cauwd a Ugit or la erery ward. TV. a cnmoi'.attos form of tov-j 'rfjment proxs!tk'B wsj f!a about I to 1. V""" " ----.. . w r0. -C" --i. v . f' ! til 11 11 ilii 1!I . 'P oliiil II 1' . jlollilli-:? IttJtJ KM X" war . m. v as . w w as IS at St i 3k V m W J t 41 ..Aprs -' . . 4, .:', - '.. - i i,;, , ... . .... ,.: " Free Admission May Be Had by the Women Patrons of the Reflector Who Take Advantage of the Double Coupons in Today's v ; ' Paper Which Are Exchangeable for Season Tickets - This school is entirely free to the women of Abilene and vicinity. Mrs. Julia Wiley who is here from Topeka to give local women the benefit of her experience, is one of the best cooks in the west and her reputation is national.' As the result of her instructions Abilene women should be able to cook better food at less expense. . . , - . - - Cc Sure ar.d Cut Out the Coupon Today zsA Trade It for a Season Ticket In Topeka, Lawrence, Salina and other Kansas has been held the women have been unable to get in tbe halls so great was the demand for instruction. In tonight's paper you will find two coupons. One of these you can use yourself and the other you can give to some friend. There will be a complete change of program every day and you will be given instructions in cooking everything from soup to cake. Don't neglect presenting this 'coupon and getting a season ticket If you wait too long the tickets will be exhausted. Present This , Coupon at the Reflector Office - Cooking School Coupon Please FILL THIS OUT and pre sent at the Daily Reflector office and receive a Season Ticket to the Cook ing School FREE OF CHARGE. Name : Address Pever Mayor at Junction. Junction City, April 6. Thomas Dever was elected mayor at yester day's election by about 100 major ity. , . , BUlard Wins to Topeka. fl Topeka, April 5. J. B. Blllard was elected mayor over Tom McNeal by' 16t majority, r . t ,v i a '. White Plymouth Rock ess toi hatching, IS for 7 Be. M for 100. Mrs. C. H. Howland. B. F. R No. 4. Abilene. Rrnwn nhona 1250 13dW-3moa (First published In Abilene Weekly Reflector Apru , , NOTICK TO NON-RESIDENTS. In the District Court 01 uicainson CARRIE! M. ROSE, Plaintiff WILL B ROSE and PBARL M. ROSE Defendants. No. 6088. ' 7 To Will E. Rose and Pearl- M. Rose, of parts unknown; Vim ra haarbT notified that you have been sued by ths plaintiff. Car rie M. Rose, by ber petition men in nM mnrt nn the 21st day of March, 1811, In which she prays Judgment against you In the snm 01 S4uu wim Interest on 1300 at all per cent from May 15, 1910, and Interest on $100 at ten per cent from December 16, isim that nlalntiff baa caused an order of attachment to be Issued oat of aid court and levies upon yonr undivided one-eighteenth Interest In tbe following described real estate, to-wlt: Commencing at the north west corner of lot four (4) In Le- boM's addition to the city of Abilene. Kansas, thence east to tbe center of the channel of Mud Creek, thence down tbe center of tbe ehannel of Mud Creek to a point where the cen ter of said channel Intersects tbe wat line of lot eight (8) In Le- hnkt'a addition to the city of Abi lene. Kansas, thence south to the north line of Le hold's Second addi tion to tbe city of Abilene, thence wmt four bond red torty-two ana a-s (441 and l-t) feet to the southeast corner of the Dickinson County Fair STonnda. thence north to tbe place of aeglnalBg. Ton are furrther notified f-at yon must anawer the rwtittoa fttd U said case by the litk day of Xay Hll, or eald petition, will be taken as true and Judgment as above de scribed will be rendered aatnt yon and eatd real ettate will be ordered 1(, n4 the proceeds thereof ao- p. to the paymoat of said Judg mcnt. w. j. nowE, C!." of the rMttfi t Court j j-' V'-! ' V , f ,T J-. ..... f. , NO" Address RECIPROCITY ONLY :tlf 1ESWSE President Taft Wants Quick Action ; , - by Congress, . THE PEOPLE HAVE APPROVED Tns axscuuvs asneves ine rusne u sires to Open up a way tor in - ereased Trade Relations With Canada. Washington, April 5. The message of President Taft to the Senate and House of Representatives follows: To the Senate and House of Repre- ; sentatlvea: . . I transmitted to the Sixty-first Con gress on January six last the iert of the reciprocity trade agreement which had been negotiated under my direc tion by the secretary of state with the representatives of the Dominion of Canada. That agreement was the consummation of earnest efforts at tending over a period of nearly a year, on the part of both governments to effect a trade arrangement Which supplementing as It did the amicable settlement of various Questions of a diplomatic and political character that had been reached would mutually pro mote commerce and would strengthen the friendly relations now existing. Purely Com martlet. - The agreement la its latent , and terms was purely economic and com mercial. While the general, subject was under discussion by the commis sions J felt assured that the senti ment of the people of tbe United States was such that Ibey would wel come a measure which would result la the increase of trade ea both sides of tie boundary Una, Which would opea ap the reserve productive re sources of Canada to the great nuae of our awa eonsamers n advantage ous conditions and at tbe aame time offer a broader outlet tor the excess products of our farms sad many of our titdkatrto. Details regarding s e-c.':rioa of this kind a arlly coc & ant b made pofcllc while Use conference ware peedlag. However, tne full test of ttie s-iffeeBifint with ths aceoaapejirlag eorreio; .nce an data explaining both Its purpose aad Its scope became known to U pefrs Thiwuhe'St the meaeftxe Vzr.sait--o Cc--s It waa ins - e. ;t..t the r "-tt f 1 I, -k .' of e f " a ' " Vi IYI in m 4 towns where the school vl Cooking School Coupon Please FILL THIS OUT and pre sent at the Daily Reflector office and receive a Season Ticket to the Cook ing School FREE OF CHARGE. Name ' ' - ' " " nasi heefi kMeL'EtLtraed bTurtner con sideration of the terms-of the agree, ment In all their particulars. The vol ume of support which has developed shows that Its broadly national scope ' Is appreciated and la responsive to the popular win. . , , - - v -Blocked in the senate. ' The House of Representatives of the Slxty-ftrst Congress after the full text of the agreement .with 'all tba details in regard to the different pro visions had been before It, as they were before the American people, psssed a bill confirming the agree ment as negotiated and as transmit ted to Congress. This measure failed of action In the senate. In my trans mitted message of the J6th of Janu ary, I fully set forth the character of the agreement and emphasised Its '. appropriateness and necessity as a .: response to the mutual needs of the people of the two countries, aa well as Its common advantages.' I now lay that message and the reciprocal trade agreement, as Integrally a part of the present message, before the . Sixty-second Congress and again. In vite earnest attention to the consider.' atlons therein expressed. - - ' Esrly Action Requested. v I am constrained In deference of popular sentiment and with a realis ing sense of my duty to the great masses of our people whose welfare la Involved, to urge upon your con sideration early action on this agree-. ment In concluding the negotiations tbe representatives of the two coun tries bound themselves to use their Utmost efforts to bring about . tbe "' tariff changes provided for In the agreement by concurrent legislation at Washington and Ottawa. I have felt It my duty, therefore, not to acquiesce -In relegation of action until the open ing of the Congress In December, but to use my constitutional prerogative end convoke tbe Sixty-second Con- gross In extra session In order that there will be ao break of continuity tn considering and acting upon tola most Important Subject. WILLIAM a TAFT, '" r . The White House, April (. 1I1L " Lanalng. Vlch!, April 4. Thai tbe profit In operating steam railroads lav Michigan has not fallen off nader the two-cent fare law Is snows by reports to the state railroad ' eommlaaloa. comparisons of ptuneagar earnings undar the three-cant fare Is INS and under the two-cent fare la 1910 show tre-eiiMa" revenues on ail rosuta. It irr the higher rase In txot the llchLtan Central earned aa average of a mite, against tun a riile ia 110. whew the two-cent fare aa charged. Flxurea for other !.rs Yv V ri'' !:' a'4 f; . : ana A l-jr r-'-.i. tUi9 and $1,. ?; C.d ?..'?: ; A Ind'.sne,