wmuuu tusfusi.'r'tl, MnTTS, KA?.1'3. ;4..L e, Jill.
.. ..AT LAW-MAKERS DID FOR
' ... KANSAS. FARMERS.
' ' The legislature which bag just ad
journed It to be praised lor the good
' ly amount . of constructive and pro
gressive legislation it enacted In the
interest of agriculture and the rural
. Kansas ranks second highest In
literacy. Every tchool district In tbe
state will hereafter be required to
maintain full seven months' term
of school. To aid sparsely. settled
districts upon which this lengh of
term would be a serious burden, the
state will help, the support of tbe
.school and the legislature made an
appropriation of 1100,000 for this
purpose. When one realises that the
-vast majority of the school children
of Kansas are attending tbe rural
school, the Importance of tbls for
ward step cannot be overestimated.
Agriculture in -the Schools.
The new teachers' certificate law
requires all teachers of the graded
and rural schools of the state to
pass an examination Id the elements
- of agriculture and thus be prepared
to teach this subject, in tbelr schools.
This is the first step toward tbe In
troduction of industrial tend voca
tional subjects Into the curriculum
f, every public school In Kansas.
Denmark, agriculturally and com-
, merclally one of the most successful
countries In the world, considering
bar natural facilities, requires book
keeping, business methods, dairying,
atock feeding and crop production in
sUl her public schools, In addition
to the ordinary subjects. Moreover,
this country, only one-fifth the site
of Kansas, maintains 29 agricultural
colleges, with a total attendance of
,000 students. As a result ofthls
universal education In agriculture
-nearly 65 per cent of her people live
On tbe farm, while the United States,
so recently settled, and yet so unde
veloped, has not more than 85. per
cent of her people on the farm. In
Denmark, approximately tv, per cent
of tbe farmers own the farm they
'till, while In this country, with Uncle
Bam still giving away farm lands,
four out of every 10 farms are oc-j
cupled by tenants. .
Were Kansas as densely populated (
as Is Denmark, we should now have
over 9 million people. Instead of less,
than IK million. Denmark sup
ports this vast population and ex-
ports 19 worth of foodstuff for every
-acre of land under cultivation. With
a better soil and a more favorable
climate, does Kansas, with Its lim
ited population, export this much
foodstuff? , . . ,
Agriculture In High Schools,
An appropriation was made to. wood county the Agricultural college
"rapport the teaching of agriculture Is required to begin a systematic sur
and domestlo science In tbe normal vey of tbe soils of the state, , and
training high schools. That Is to an appropriation of $5,000 a year
ay, the blgb schools of tbe state.! for the next two years was made lor
'seeking to prepare teachers will now this purpose. The cooperation of the
' be helped by an appropriation of United States department of agri
. J5,000 to train these teachers so culture In this matter has already
they may give Instruction In agricul- been secured, and tbe government
and domestic science.' This Is an- will contribute as much money as
other move toward the Introduction the state Is putting Into this work,
of the Industries Into the grades and. It Is proposed to make a detailed
rural schools.. 'survey, Including a physical and
A vast majority of the farmers of chemical analysis of limited areas
tbe country, filter upon tbelr occupa- in different parts of the state, and
tlon between their 15th and 16th a study of the adaptation of each
Tears. To reach them with tnatruc- toll to different crops. Thus Is tbe
tlon that will make of them better 'state taking account Of Its perma
cltliens and more successful hus-nent capital, the greatest asset of
landmen and business men, means Kansas Is the plant food In the soil.
- H Is of the utmost Importance that
' ' Talk about cheap prices. Can
yon beat the following bar
gains I have for you t
' For aieoo 8 room house.
Band Springs water, good barn,
cement side walks, close . to
town, lot 60x150 ft.
For $17506 room house,
lot 60x200, high ceilings, fruit
trees, good outbuildings, city
water, new cement sidewalks,
owner leaving town, , former
price $2160. - -
For (2800 1 room house,
nev bath room, electric lights,
city water, furnace heat, shsde
and fruit trees, lot S0x!00 ft.,
owners asks $3500, will sell
for $2500. v
IK1XT MISS THIS
Cash Buyer wests 40 acres
of land near Abilene or house
on large lot Caa yoa suit him.
Tell ms and Til sell your real
estate- for you.
Have you a house to rent?
I.tt me know. I have three
roBtrs who will pay .rent la
1 t a list of city proptr-
I t , and farms.. -If ton want a
I sur salt let mt know.' '
j PAUL S. JOLLEY,
that they, must be reached before
they leave the rural 'school. , More
over, a large majority of those who
go Into the Industries find their
places in the shops as operators or
apprentices before they are It years
old, and these must be reached with
Instruction In drawing, manual train'
lng, commercial law, economics, etc,
In the grades,' If at all. '
O tlier Important School Laws. "
..Another Important and far-reach'
lng step In tbe Improvement of tht
public schools was the law providing
for the consolidation of rural schools
when a majority of those living In a
district express a desire through their
votes to have snch consolidation, and
making the transportation of pupils
mandatory In such- districts when
they live beyond i miles from the
Another law was enacted giving
district boards, as at present organ'
lied, authority to transport pupils
living 2 miles or more from school.
Tbls applies to all classes of districts.
A law was enacted providing for
free tuition in high schools to all
pupils In counties having a popula
tion of less than 10,000, and in which
such provision does not already exist.
1 Other Important legislation was
enacted In the Interest of tbe city
schools; making one date for the an
nual school meeting throughout the
state; permitting two or more coun
ties to Join together for the conduct
of a normal institute: making per
sons eligible for county superlntend-
ents who do not live In the county
authorising the annexation of terri
tory for school purposes to all of
the larger cities, and authorizing the
establishment of township high
schools in rural communities.
A thoroughly first-class road law
was enacted. The benefits to be de
rived from the use of the drag wro
recognized, and failure to drag the
roads Is punishable by f-ne. The
road tax Is made payable In cash.
Unfortunately, the bouse failed to
enact Into a law the bill which the
senate bad passed almost unanimous-
ly, giving more authority to the
highway engineer In designing the
of much importance In portions
of the state Is a carefully adjusted
system of drainage hws adapted to
Laws In relation to the control of
contagious and Infectious diseases of
.live stock were completely revised
and modified and put into more
workable form than ever before.
A Study of Kansas Soils.
Under tbe provisions of a bill In
troduced by Mr. Barrier of Oreen-
w know how much we have, how
long It will last, how It may be con
served, to what crops it Is best adapt
ed and bow we may use it with the
greatest good to ourselves and to
those who are to follow. '
Illinois has tbls task almost com
pleted, and her farmer are getting
Increased returns from their land at
the same time that they art con
serving fertility h more ' completely
than ever before. , ,L
IrrlgaUoa la Western Kansas.
Under the provisions of a bill in
troduced by Senator Rob'nson. the
Agricultural college waa authorised
to undertake experiments In Irriga
tion In the western part of the state
In co-operation wltb the United
States department of agriculture.
Here, again, tbe government will
meet half the expense. It Is pro
posed to study the methods utili
sation of windmills and other cheap
metboda of pimping water, to set to
whst extent tht rainfall may he la
this way supplemented, and lntea
ive agriculture supplant extensive
farming. . ,
Exptriaaaata ia Every Ooenrty.
the state appropriation tt the e
perl merit station waa increased $7,(00
each year, with the understanding
that a major portion of this Increase
It to bt used In the conduct of whan
may be termed outlying experiments
or experiments away front Manhat
tan. It Is proposed to begin by mak
ing a teat of the different varieties
of corn In every county In the slate
The same teat will be made wltt
heat. l(r(na!ng this fall. Later
experiments ill groaing aifa'fa or
areas not now considered to be adapt
ed to this crop will be made. In
the western third of the . state a
careful studyOf the sorghums will
be Instituted. - Already a feeding ex
pertinent Is under way at Manhattan
to test the value of sorghum, mllo
and kaflr seed In comparison with
corn for growing and fattening hogs.
This Is to ascertain to what extent
these drouth-resisting crops may be
utilized in tbe support of livestock
Industry In that portion, of the state
where (be rainfall Is least, and where
mllo and kaflr are more reliable
crops than corn. It Is expected that
some systematic experiment will be
conducted this year In every county
..The millers Of the state had Intro
duced, through Senator Hunter,
bill In the senate which has become
a law, requiring tbe college authori
ties to make a systematic, study of
wheat In the different part of the
state, with a view to determining
what varieties will produce not only
the largest yield, but wheat of the
blgbest milling quality, as well. It
has been said of nearly every wheat
state that sooner or later "tbe wheat
quality has gone out of the sol;.'
That means that for soma reason,
both tbe yield and quality decline.
To bring both the yield and the qual
ity above the standard of former
years Is the purpose oi tma new
duty Imposed upon the college. ,
, Increased Institute Work,
The largest Increase in the ap
propriations to the Agricultural col
lege was to tbe extension depart
ment for farmers Institutes, mova
ble schools. In domestic science and
agriculture, etc. Tbis Is the tax
payers appropriating to their own use
a part of their own money. It will
mean that more and better Insti
tutes will be held, a larger number
of sewing and cooking schools will
be conducted, attended by high school
girls and women In the villages and
from the farm. It will mean more
and better work In helping the farm'
era to plan and build silos, In order
that they may save their alfalfa crop
In spite of the rain, or tbelr corn
crop In spite of drouth and hot winds.
It will mean further the develop
ment of the dairy industry of tbe
state, upon which tbe future of Kan
sas must ultimately rest, the Indus
try wblch both feeds the farmer and
fattens the soil.
WARMTH ENCOURAGES HES.-
Eggs Are Cheaper Now Than Tlier
Have Been In our x ears. , ,
Eggs are cheaper now than they
have been at this season of the year
for four years. " Thirteen' cents, and
12 cents a dozeni in trade, are
the , prices . quoted for eggs at the
store In contrast to. this, figures
furnished local poultry houses show
that duriag the month of April last
year egga were bought by the pro
duce men .for 19 cents a dosen, and
that during May they sold at 17 cents
a doxen. It was only during the
hottest part of the summer that the
price was much lower than It Is now.
The egg output Is said to be unusu
ally good this yearr -Whatever barm
tht md, dry winter may have been
to other producta which are related
to agriculture, K has been very fa
vorable to the poultry Industry.
The fact that eggs were so high
last year has also tended to-force
the price down, so produce men
say. The nign price lessened ine
egg consumption and because of this
tbe number of eggs kept In storage
was greater than usual,
There In another peculiarity about
the egg market of tbls season. Hens
began laying earlier than usual; As
a result ths percentage of Increase
In March waa very slight, because a
great many of tbe hens thst had
commenced laying In February had
quit setting and had become broody.
It la said by the produce men that
aa a result a great many eggs were
set early and that thlsargue for
early broilers (his
' Woodbine Elects Officers. .
Woodbine. April 6. Politics
rather quiet la this little city.
Last Monday the city election took
nlaot fh our town and tht following
were elected: 8. W. Mueattnmayer,
who- waa mayor the last two years
was elected on an Independent tick
et by good majority which ahowed
that be has many warm friends In
tur town who wanted him la office
again. L. C Weetrup, C. H. Kotpke,
K. W. Kitsch. Aug. Krauet and John
Shank at eoaarllmea and H. W. Full
er a police Judge. . - .
- Kew form Ixt at gaJtaa.
Sallna, April l.C. K Klrtland
baa beea re-elrfrted trator of Sallna
by two kendred and fifty majority
The women's ot was smaller tbaa'
usual and a lack of iMeraat la tha
sjwtloa cauwd a Ugit or la erery
ward. TV. a cnmoi'.attos form of tov-j
'rfjment proxs!tk'B wsj f!a about
I to 1.
V""" " ----.. . w r0. -C" --i. v . f'
! til 11 11 ilii 1!I . 'P oliiil II 1' . jlollilli-:?
KM X" war . m. v as . w w as IS at St i 3k V m W J t 41
-' . . 4, .:', - '.. - i i,;, , ... . .... ,.: "
Free Admission May Be Had by the Women Patrons of the Reflector
Who Take Advantage of the Double Coupons in Today's
v ; ' Paper Which Are Exchangeable for Season Tickets -
This school is entirely free to the women of Abilene and vicinity.
Mrs. Julia Wiley who is here from Topeka to give local women the benefit
of her experience, is one of the best cooks in the west and her reputation
is national.' As the result of her instructions Abilene women should be
able to cook better food at less expense. . . , - . - -
Cc Sure ar.d Cut Out the Coupon Today zsA
Trade It for a Season Ticket
In Topeka, Lawrence, Salina and other Kansas
has been held the women have been unable to get in tbe halls so great was
the demand for instruction. In tonight's paper you will find two coupons.
One of these you can use yourself and the other you can give to some
friend. There will be a complete change of program every day and you
will be given instructions in cooking everything from soup to cake. Don't
neglect presenting this 'coupon and getting a season ticket If you wait too
long the tickets will be exhausted.
Present This , Coupon at the Reflector Office -
Cooking School Coupon
Please FILL THIS OUT and pre
sent at the Daily Reflector office and
receive a Season Ticket to the Cook
ing School FREE OF CHARGE.
Pever Mayor at Junction.
Junction City, April 6. Thomas
Dever was elected mayor at yester
day's election by about 100 major
. , BUlard Wins to Topeka.
fl Topeka, April 5. J. B. Blllard
was elected mayor over Tom McNeal
by' 16t majority, r .
t ,v i a '.
White Plymouth Rock ess toi
hatching, IS for 7 Be. M for 100.
Mrs. C. H. Howland. B. F. R No. 4.
Rrnwn nhona 1250
(First published In Abilene Weekly
Reflector Apru , ,
NOTICK TO NON-RESIDENTS.
In the District Court 01 uicainson
CARRIE! M. ROSE, Plaintiff
WILL B ROSE and PBARL M. ROSE
No. 6088. ' 7
To Will E. Rose and Pearl- M. Rose,
of parts unknown;
Vim ra haarbT notified that you
have been sued by ths plaintiff. Car
rie M. Rose, by ber petition men in
nM mnrt nn the 21st day of March,
1811, In which she prays Judgment
against you In the snm 01 S4uu wim
Interest on 1300 at all per cent from
May 15, 1910, and Interest on $100
at ten per cent from December 16,
isim that nlalntiff baa caused an
order of attachment to be Issued oat
of aid court and levies upon yonr
undivided one-eighteenth Interest In
tbe following described real estate,
to-wlt: Commencing at the north
west corner of lot four (4) In Le-
boM's addition to the city of Abilene.
Kansas, thence east to tbe center of
the channel of Mud Creek, thence
down tbe center of tbe ehannel of
Mud Creek to a point where the cen
ter of said channel Intersects tbe
wat line of lot eight (8) In Le-
hnkt'a addition to the city of Abi
lene. Kansas, thence south to the
north line of Le hold's Second addi
tion to tbe city of Abilene, thence
wmt four bond red torty-two ana a-s
(441 and l-t) feet to the southeast
corner of the Dickinson County Fair
STonnda. thence north to tbe place
Ton are furrther notified f-at yon
must anawer the rwtittoa fttd U
said case by the litk day of Xay
Hll, or eald petition, will be taken
as true and Judgment as above de
scribed will be rendered aatnt yon
and eatd real ettate will be ordered
the proceeds thereof ao-
p. to the paymoat of said Judg
w. j. nowE,
C!." of the rMttfi t Court
j j-' V'-! ' V
, f ,T J-. ..... f.
President Taft Wants Quick Action
; , - by Congress, .
THE PEOPLE HAVE APPROVED
Tns axscuuvs asneves ine rusne u
sires to Open up a way tor in
- ereased Trade Relations
Washington, April 5. The message
of President Taft to the Senate and
House of Representatives follows:
To the Senate and House of Repre-
; sentatlvea: . .
I transmitted to the Sixty-first Con
gress on January six last the iert of
the reciprocity trade agreement which
had been negotiated under my direc
tion by the secretary of state with the
representatives of the Dominion of
Canada. That agreement was the
consummation of earnest efforts at
tending over a period of nearly a
year, on the part of both governments
to effect a trade arrangement Which
supplementing as It did the amicable
settlement of various Questions of a
diplomatic and political character that
had been reached would mutually pro
mote commerce and would strengthen
the friendly relations now existing.
Purely Com martlet. -
The agreement la its latent , and
terms was purely economic and com
mercial. While the general, subject
was under discussion by the commis
sions J felt assured that the senti
ment of the people of tbe United
States was such that Ibey would wel
come a measure which would result
la the increase of trade ea both sides
of tie boundary Una, Which would
opea ap the reserve productive re
sources of Canada to the great nuae
of our awa eonsamers n advantage
ous conditions and at tbe aame time
offer a broader outlet tor the excess
products of our farms sad many of
our titdkatrto. Details regarding s
e-c.':rioa of this kind a arlly
coc & ant b made pofcllc while Use
conference ware peedlag. However,
tne full test of ttie s-iffeeBifint with ths
aceoaapejirlag eorreio; .nce an
data explaining both Its purpose aad
Its scope became known to U pefrs
Thiwuhe'St the meaeftxe Vzr.sait--o
Cc--s It waa ins - e.
;t..t the r "-tt f 1 I, -k
.' of e f " a ' "
towns where the school vl
Cooking School Coupon
Please FILL THIS OUT and pre
sent at the Daily Reflector office and
receive a Season Ticket to the Cook
ing School FREE OF CHARGE.
Name ' ' - ' " "
nasi heefi kMeL'EtLtraed bTurtner con
sideration of the terms-of the agree,
ment In all their particulars. The vol
ume of support which has developed
shows that Its broadly national scope '
Is appreciated and la responsive to the
popular win. . , , - - v -Blocked
in the senate. '
The House of Representatives of
the Slxty-ftrst Congress after the full
text of the agreement .with 'all tba
details in regard to the different pro
visions had been before It, as they
were before the American people,
psssed a bill confirming the agree
ment as negotiated and as transmit
ted to Congress. This measure failed
of action In the senate. In my trans
mitted message of the J6th of Janu
ary, I fully set forth the character
of the agreement and emphasised Its '.
appropriateness and necessity as a .:
response to the mutual needs of the
people of the two countries, aa well
as Its common advantages.' I now
lay that message and the reciprocal
trade agreement, as Integrally a part
of the present message, before the .
Sixty-second Congress and again. In
vite earnest attention to the consider.'
atlons therein expressed. - - '
Esrly Action Requested. v
I am constrained In deference of
popular sentiment and with a realis
ing sense of my duty to the great
masses of our people whose welfare
la Involved, to urge upon your con
sideration early action on this agree-.
ment In concluding the negotiations
tbe representatives of the two coun
tries bound themselves to use their
Utmost efforts to bring about . tbe "'
tariff changes provided for In the
agreement by concurrent legislation
at Washington and Ottawa. I have felt
It my duty, therefore, not to acquiesce -In
relegation of action until the open
ing of the Congress In December, but
to use my constitutional prerogative
end convoke tbe Sixty-second Con-
gross In extra session In order that
there will be ao break of continuity
tn considering and acting upon tola
most Important Subject.
WILLIAM a TAFT, '" r
. The White House, April (. 1I1L "
Lanalng. Vlch!, April 4. Thai tbe
profit In operating steam railroads lav
Michigan has not fallen off nader the
two-cent fare law Is snows by reports
to the state railroad ' eommlaaloa.
comparisons of ptuneagar earnings
undar the three-cant fare Is INS and
under the two-cent fare la 1910 show
tre-eiiMa" revenues on ail rosuta.
It irr the higher rase In txot the
llchLtan Central earned aa average
of a mite, against tun a
riile ia 110. whew the two-cent fare
aa charged. Flxurea for other !.rs
Yv V ri'' !:' a'4 f; .
: ana A l-jr r-'-.i. tUi9 and $1,.
?; C.d ?..'?: ; A Ind'.sne,
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