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The Hays free press. [volume] (Hays, Kan.) 1908-1924, November 10, 1917, Image 2

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The Deep
(Copyright bj
Naval Lieutenant Donald Paget, just given command of a
submarine, meets at Washington an old friend and distinguished though
somewhat eccentric scientist. Captain Masterman. Masterman has just
returned from an exploring expedition, bringing with him a member of
the strange race, the existence of whose species, he asserts, menaces
the human family. At the club, the "March Hares," Masterman ex
plains his theory to Paget. The recital is interrupted by the arrival of
a lifelong enemy of Masterman, Ira MacBeard, and the former Is
seized with a fatal paralytic stroke. From Mastcrman's body Paget
secures documents bearing upon the discovery and proceeds to the
home of the scientist. Paget proceeds to sea on his submarine, the
F55. and encounters a. German cruiser. He sinks the enemy, which had
destroyed the Iieotia. on which Ida Kennedy, his fiancee, was a pas
senger. The girl escapes in a small boat.
The Sea of Jelly.
Tie sank like a stone. No glimpse of
iiim could be had. No rescue was pos
sible. Donald clung to the edge of the
foat and scrambled in. lie saw the
umazed recognition flame out on Ida's
face. . He knew then that she loved
liim, and his impulse to seize her in
Ins arms was almost ungovernable.
Iiut at the same instant, looking
past her into the sea, he experienced
the same illusion timt had beset him
within the house in Baltimore, and
iigain outside it that of a woman's
tuisty form outlined upon the water!
Donald made a cup of his hands.
"Davies, fling out a rope !" he
But the submarine was some dis
tance away, and in a moment a wall
of fog came down, blotting her out.
Ida Kennedy watched Donald with
approval. She had always liked him ;
shaken as she was now,, his advent
seemed the work of Providence. She
Jiad questioned her heart before she
galled, for she had known that "her
future was of her own choosing,
whether it was to be spent with him
or no.
Donald continued to call loudly, but
ithe F55 was drifting" in the mist and
jQUtte invisible. It was in fear of this
sudden happening that Donald had
told Davies to make for Fair island
tf he could not get a rope to the boat.
Fair island, less than six miles
wav. was the secret rendezvous
where the oil-ship and biplane were
to await the F55. the former to re
plenish her fuel supply, the latter to
accompany her back to the mother
i Donald picked up a pair of oars
from the bottom. He realized that he
would have to pull toward Fair island
.alone as soon as he got an inkling of
:Its direction, with the chance of being
jpicked up by the submarine when the
fog cleared. Iiut it was approaching
sundown, and the probabilities of their
'spending the night in the boat seemed
He sat with the oars in the row
locks. As he allowed one to drift
.'through the water he discovered, to
'his surprise, that it was apparently
yplunged into a mass of some jellylike
.-substance. He dipped hi. "hand into
Jit and scooped some of it up.
The water was apparently curdled,
like thickened milk, and on both sides
of the boat, which rolled in it heavily
and high in the viscous medium.
As he withdrew the oar Donald had
the sensation of pulling it from be
tween the clinging fingers of a child.
( He looked down. It occurred to him
that he might have got the blade en
tangled in some marine growth; but
the water was clear, almost black, and
Of the same strange, jellylike consist
ency everywhere.
Then, to his amazement, he realized
that the boat was moving!
"It was not like the pull of a tow
iine, which is a sequence of crescendo
;and diminuendo, of starts and jerks,
Ms the rope grows tight and slack al
ternately. It was a constant impulse.
It was an Intelligent impulse.
It was beginning to grow dark, and
Jto row seemed useless until the fog
dispersed. It was impossible to gauge
4he direction. Besides, to pull against
Ahat force would have been arduous,
and to pull with it might have led to
unexpected difficulties.
Donald backed water in experiment.
Instantly he felt the force increase.
It was an effortless, persistent 'push,
stronger than his own .powers, and
Donald realized that he could not re
sist it.
-Suddenly he felt a stinging sensa
tion oa the back of his hand. He
fulled in the oar. Five small, red
spots liad sprung out on his wrist, and
the flesh seemed to have been cupped.
Donald clapped his other hand down
-on it, and encountered something
clammy and cool, which seemed to
slip away. It was like the flipper of a
little seal, or, again, like the hand of
a child or monkey.
At the same Instant Ida screamed.
Donald saw that she seemed to be
struggling with some invisible adver
sary. The boat was tipping danger
.ously. Donald flung his weight over,
iiud he heard the thud of a soft body
against the bottom.
The thing whatever it was was in
the boat!
Donald leaped forward and clasped
Ida about the waist. She writhed in
ithe clutch of the monster, and there
was a look of intense horror upon her
face. She seemed to be lifted bodily
toward the water. Donald felt ' the
jfellppery fingers of the Invisible being
elude his grasp. His hands moved up
.and down over a smooth, blubbery
And then he knew what it was. It
Sea Peril
W. U. Chapman,)
In the glass tank in Masterman's
house, but larger and more powerful.
He saw the rays deflected from the
creature's body, dancing in prismatic
colors upon the edge of Its leathery
hide. He saw it dimly, as one sees
the full moon in the arms of the new.
And, glaring into his eyes, were the
two eyes, seemingly poised in the air,
two pupils of the size of currants, and
animated by a diabolical intelligence.
The sun dipped down, and in an in
stant the fog, only partly dispersed,
closed in again. And as Donald
watched, he saw the pupils slowly di
late in the dim light until they be
came as large as saucers. The stony
glare between the unwinking lids,
which fringed them like a shadow, the
monstrous expansion of the pupils
sent the blood through Donald's heart
in Icy jets.
Then, regaining courage, he dashed
his fist into the monster's face, and
the struggle began. He felt the im
pact of his knuckles on flesh, and it
gave him new heart. At least he was
fighting a thing of flesh and blood, and
not a demon.
Ida lay swooning across the seat,
where the monster had dropped her as
it turned to face its new adversary.
And in the rocking boat Donald fought
for his own life and that of the girl
he loved.
For the first time he understood that
Masterman's story was not the dream
of a disordered brain, but the experi
ence of one who had striven to warn
a skeptical world.
And afterward he understood why
the boat had spun so dizzily long after
the vortex created by the sinking of
the Beotia had subsided. Even then
the swarm of monsters must have dis
covered their prey.
Perhaps it was the plankton in the
water, the jellylike infusion on which
they fed, that had brought them there ;
perhaps the presence of drowning
men. Perhaps they had brought the
plankton with them, equipped for
some dreadful journey.
Donald tried to lock his arms about
the slimy thing, but he could get no
firm grasp of it. ' And each touch of
the flippers drew the blood to the sur
face of his skin by suction, bringing
out rows of reddening spots that
stung. He was fighting a devil fish
with the intelligence of a man, armed
with invisibility, creating overwhelm
ing horror by its presence alone.
He felt his strength failing him. He
was dragged toward the edge of the
rocking boat.
He stumbled and fell. He felt him
self held fast; he felt his ribs were
compressed in a stinging vise.
But as he fell his hand grasped one
of the oars. Donald snatched it up
and, with a last effort of desperation,
freed himself for an Instant. He
raised the oar and sent the sharp
edge of the blade crashing forward.
He heard the sound as of a torn baj
loon. The' squirming flippers uncoiled.
The boat tipped to the edge and right
ed Itself. A splash followed. Donald
sank down upon the seat.
Then gradually a milky cloud began
to diffuse Itself upon the face of the
waters, till it acquired the shape of a
dwarflike body, supine upon the
waves, with the short limbs, terminat
ing in the webbed hands, budding at
obtuse angles to the trunk.
Donald sprang toward Ida, to shield
her from the sight of it. He knew
that if she awoke and looked she
would go mad. But she lay " uncon
scious across the seat and did not stir.
The boat stopped. There was a con
fused splashing in the water. The
dead sea-beast was rent asunder under
Donald's horrified eyes; torn limb
from limb by that abominable swarm.
A mottled, pinkish ichor spread itself
upon the face of the sea.
Donald plunged In his oars and be
gan to pull with all his might, driving
the heavy boat through the water. The
plankton gave place to clean ocean
again. The sun had set, and It was
growing dark ; with the fall of night a
gentle wind came up that began to dis
sipate the fog.
Through the drifting mist wraiths
appeared a jutting cape that reared
itself toward the spangled clouds.
Donald pulled for an hour. Then he
fell forward over his oars. He was
Incapable of another stroke, but he
believed that he had left the sea devils
He cast his eyes along the horizon.
There was no sign of the F55. He
turned toward Ida.
As he bent over her her eyes opened.
She looked at him intently and sighed.
The horrors of that day seemed tem
porarily to have benumbed her mind
and robbed her of memory. And Don
ald did what he had never dared to do
before. He raised her In his arms and kissed
her. - -
"I love you. dear," he said. "If we
come out of this &s we shall I want
you always. Will you have me. Ida?
She raised her lips to his for answer.
And in the happiness of that mo
ment, which atoned for all that they
had endured. Donald perceived that
the boat had begun to move again.
The respite had been of brief duration.
Incredibly pertinacious, and cruel
beyond belief, the monsters' had once
more taken up the chase. But in the
unhuman forms were minds as shrewd
as his. organizing them for one su
preme purpose, the elemental one of
They were swimming beside the
boat. Donald could see the agitated
churnings of the water. Were they
pushing or pulling? Taking the oar
in his hand, Donald went to the bow
and drove it down into the sea. But
he struck only the jellylike medium in
which the boat was traveling.
He went to the stern, stepping over
the body of the girl, who had re
lapsed into unconsciousness. This
time, as he thrust, there was a scurry
among the waves, and he felt the
j-ielding, blubbery form, and the same
sensation of a burst balloon. The boat
stopped. Donald thrust out furiously,
feeling always the contact with slip
pery flesh.
The monsters were pushing the
boat, not pulling it.
And gradually there followed the
same stupendous incarnation into vis
ible being, the shadowy shape that
grew and crystallized into the milky,
opalescent body. He heard the school
precipitate themselves upon their
prey, and saw it rent and dismem
bered before his eyes.
Through the Increasing darkness
their pupils glared as the monsters
strove together.
Donald went back to where Ida y
and placed her in the bottom of the
boat, her head against a thwart. They
were moving swiftly.
Suddenly the hoat began to tilt up
ward at the bow. Donald heard the
scraping of the flippers against the
stern. Then, as if a heavy dog had
scrambled in, the boat tipped high into
the air and righted itself. Another of
the monsters had gained entrance.
Donald seized the oar and brought
it down upon the beast's head. The
oar splintered ; he heard the cracking
of bone, and a splash followed.
The edge of the boat was dragged
beneath the waves. It filled and over
turned. Donald found himself strug
gling to save Ida in the sea of jelly
that sucked him down. Somehow he
Donald Grasped Ida in His Arms and
Clambered on Deck.
caught her and dragged himself to the
keel, lie shouted, and the brutes scur
ried away, leaping and falling with re
sounding splashes, like sharks at
Donald felt Ida's arms seek his neck.
She turned to him instinctively, not as
her rescuer alone, but as her lover.
He filled his lungs and shouted.
To his amazenjent he heard an an
swering shout. He strained his eyes
through the darkness. Surely that
was a human cry! He shouted again,
and the answer came once more; and
there was no longer any doubt.
The conning tower of the F55 came
drifting out of the night. She ran
awash, with hatches off, and Davies
was standing on the deck among a
group of sailors.
"Where are you?" he shouted.
"Here !" Donald cried. "Reverse
engines, Davies! Coming aboard!"
The engines stopped and the sub
marine grazed the sides of the over
turned boat. Donald grasped Ida In
his arms and clambered to the deck.
And Donald found himself shaking
a man's hand as if he were his brother.
Instead of merely Sam Clouts, able sea
man in the navy, trying to keep his
hands from straying toward his
mouth organ.
"We were trying to make Fair
island when we spotted you, sir," said
Davies. "I thought we'd pick you up
in the morning when the fog cleared.
It's been hard work making anywhere.
There's something the matter with the
"How, Davies?"
"We're only able to make a knot
and a half, sir. It isn't the engines.
At least there doesn't seem to be any
thing the matter with them. It's as
if the sea's well, turned to jelly, or
molasses, sir. Perhaps you noticed it.
I've never seen anything like it in
my experience," continued the little
middy, whose experience of the high
seas was limited to a couple of short
cruises on a training ship, and one
on a transport.
"Clap on the hatches and make full
speed for Fair island," ordered Don
ald. The F55 is Invaded by the
weird monsters and Paget has
a terrible struggle to save him
self and Ida. It is described in
the next installment.
Not the Right Kind.
"Safety first is no good," said Uncle
Eben, "when a man dodges his share o
the 'risk an' puts it up to some other
I i p t - - - Tv" " '" 1
Expert of United States Department
of Agriculture Has Adopted
Gauge for Farmers.
Sir. FranK C. Hare, in his work for
the United States department of agri
culture among the South Carolina
farmers, has adopted the accompany
ing egg gauge so that the farmers can
select eggs of the desired size. An egg
that will not enter the hole crosswise
is a standard sized egg and will weigh
two ounces or more. An egg whose
smaller dimensions is less than one
and five-eighths inches, the distance
An Egg Gauge.
between the two points of the gauge,
Is rejected for sending to market. It
might be well to fashion one for your
own use.
While There Is No Positive Rule to Go
By There Are Certain Condi
tions to Guess By.
Strictly speaking, there is no posi
tive test for the age of poultry. How
ever, a close guess can be made un
der certain conditions. For instance,
the size of spurs generally distin
guishes a two-year-old bird; yet the
writer has had young birds develop
spurs that would have done credit
to older birds. On the other hand,
he has had two-year-old birds with
spurs that were as short and rounded
as those of a cockerel. To some ex
tent the texture of the leg is a guide,
and so is the delicacy and freshness
of the skin of the face and comb. Yet
there will be occasional hens that have
a youthful appearance to a remarkable
Probably a better test is the skin
of the body, that of the older fowl
being coarser and drier in appearance.
A pullet will show rose-colored veins
on the surface of the skin under the
wings. Long silkv hairs will also be
grown there ; but after the pullet has
become a year old these hairs and
veins will disappear and the skin will
grow white and veinless.
It is more difficult to determine the ;
age of water fowls than it is of other j
Object Is to Reduce -Exercise and In- !
crease Consumption of Fat-Pro- !
ducing Materials.
Fattening rations are not compli
cated or need not be to bring fair re
sults. The principle of fattening is 1
to reduce the exercise and increase
the consumption of fat-producing
food. If the farmer possesses a num
ber of small shed-roof brood coops
such as are used for sitting hens with
chicks, these coops will be fine for fat
tening hens. Each coop will accommo
date about five hens without crowding
and they will have little opportunity,
for fighting or scratching. Feed them
three times each day from a pan con
taining a shoppy mixture of sour milk
and corn meal and allow the hens to
eat all they will consume. After each
feeding remove the pan so that any
remaining feed will not become con- !
taminated with dirt and cause the i
birds to lose their appetites.
Contrary to Opinion of Few Years Ago, !
They Are Best Layers Fatten j
Early Molters.
The late molting hens are often bet- !
ter layers than the early molting hens.
Fatten the early molters and put them j
on the market. Keep the late molters. 1
The hen that molts In October and !
November, as a rule. Is a better layer
than the one that molts in July and
August. This is contrary to the opin- j
Ion of some years ago. !
Around Holiday Season There Is Al
ways Big Demand for Chickens
Hatched in Fall.
Chickens hatched in early fall
should bring fancy prices as broilers
or fryers near the holiday season.
There Is generally a great demand for
fryers " broilers at that season and
those who have them usually are for
tunate. Ventilating Henhouse.
Poultry houses should be well ven
tilated in summer. Every glass win
dow, cloth curtain and board door
should be left open night and day, or
removed until cold weather.
Keep All Sides Open.
During warm weather It does not
matter which side of the house Is open
It would be better If all sides were
Clean and Fresh Water.
.- Let the ever-presenf watchword of
the poultryman be, "Clean and fresh
water at all times."
! Hiiiii; IniUniuH! tUtiliiUM uu;U!i;ii:ni
I ; 7.
r ) j
y J 'xM Uk 'Vt j& 1 - , : : ? fit .
CFrom the United States Department of
Sheep will pay for their keep as
weed destroyers alone, says the United
States department of agriculture,
which just announces the result of a
study lately completed in Xew Eng
land. One of the fields of the Morgan
Horse farm In Vermont, maintained
by the bureau of animal industry of
the department, largely for the pur
pose of keeping up. a supply of good
horses for the army, was Infested with
the weed known as paintbrush, or dev
il's paintbrush. This weed has recent
ly come into northern Vermont, and It
is said that some farms have been ru
ined by it. It Is now common through
out the Northeast. It throws up a
tall, slender stalk, but the damage is
done by the leaves, which are spread
from the crown and form a dense mat
on the surface of the ground,, eventu
ally killing out all other vegetation.
Devour Paintbrush.
On the Morgan horse farm an area
of about two acres was fenced off. This
area had some bad patches of paint
brush. The grass and weeds werej
Majority of All Breeders Now Use
Purebred Sires, Says Kan
sas Authority.
A bright future for purebred live
stock is predicted by Edward N.
Wentworth, professor of animal
breeding in the Kansas State Agricul
tural college.
"The use of grade sires is gradually
decreasing," said Professor "Went
worth. - "Seventy per cent of the horse
breeders, 05 per cent of the sheep
breeders, CO per cent of the cattle
breeders, and 50 per cent of the swine
breeders use purebred sires.
"From 8 to 10 per cent of the hogs
are purebred, approximately 24 per
cent each of beef and dairy cattle, 2
per cent of draft horses, 3 per cent of
light horses, and from l1 to 2 per cent
of sheep.
"These proportions may be those
actually required to furnish the bulk
of breeders with purebred sires, al
though it is probable that there should
be from 6 to 8 per cent of purebred?
In order to supply one purebred for
every GO grade females, to maintain
purebred herds, and to permit a rigid
selection of breeding animals.
"The present proportion of pure
breds seems to be sufficient in order to
supply the present users of purebreds,
but not so rigid a selection can be
practiced f-5 might be desired. The
fact that probably all breeders will
ultimately use purebred sires will
allow a doubling in the percentage of
purebred cattle, an increase of two
thirds in the number of hogs, slightly
more than one-half in sheep, and one
third in the number of horses, without
Increasing the severity of selection.
"Such an expansion will afford a
prosperous future for purebred live
stock even though the standards of
selection are not raised. Since, how
ever, standards of selection are being
continually raised, an even higher per
centage of purebreds may be ex
pect etL
Result in Productive Soils Is Ac
cumulation of Plant Food
for Next Season.
(By A- C. AENT, University Farm, St.
Paul. Mian.)
The chief reason for plowing is to
?ut the soil in shape to produce good
rrops. For the best results the plow
ing mast be done at the right time.
Grain crops In particular need gener
ous supplies of readily available plant
food early In the season. Therefore,
In t?ie JCorthwest early fall plowing
for grain crops Is to be preferred.
This allows the needed changes that
tak? place La loosened soil to get
started early and to continue until the
ground is frozen. The result in pro
ductive soils Is the accumulation
throughout the cool fall months of
plant food and this is easily taken up
by the grain plants the following
For corn, black loam . soils should
be plowed in the fall. On the heavier
clay soils spring plowing for corn is
often preferable.
Good plowing xaeans more than
making the field appear black- It
means more than making straight fur
rows. However, a good plowman
usually makes straight furrows. In
a well-plowed field the soil is stirred
Paint Up for Winter.
Now 13 a good time to paint up for
the winter. Paint Is cheaper than
wood and Iron.
Come In Handy Now.
The wasted cornstalks and burned
strawstacks of ether years would
come In Tery handy this winter.
Something Wrong.
Whea farm machinery makes a
noise, there is something wrons. -Noise
means wear.
mowed and 45 dry ewes placed In the
inclosure the first week in July. In
two weeks time the sheep had eaten
almost every leaf of paintbrush in
sight. They seemed to prefer the paint
brush leaves to anything else; at any
rate, they would search out isolated
plants In the grass, and the patches
which were covered with paintbrush
are now almost bare. The cleanest
field in the Morgan horse farm is the
ne which has been used as a sheep
pasture for several years, and which,
when the farm was bought, was as
badly Infested with weeds as any.
Pay for Their Keep.
This experience Indicates that even
if wool and meat only meet expenses,
a flock of sheep can be kept for the
labor saved In keeping the farm clear
of weeds. It Is doubtful, says the de
partment, whether any other farm ani
mal has so wide a field of usefulness
as the sheep when Intelligently
handled. Sheep produce meat at a
less cost of grain than any other ani
mal. They pay their way with the
wool they yield and they exterminate
ioxious weeds practically without cost-
and pulverized to the depth Indicated
as necessary by the kind of soil and
the crop to be grown; and the stubble
and rubbish are completely turned un
der where it will be out of the way
and quickly decomposed. For most
crops, deep, rather than shallow plow
ing, is the best practice.
To do good work with a minimum of
power, plows must be equipped with
properly shaped and sharpened shares.
A good share allows a plow to run
true and little or no effort is neces
sary to hold it in place.
To turn under all rubbish a good
jointer properly adjusted is necessary.
Xo stubble or weeds are left sticking
up between the furrows where a good
jointer is used.
Keep the plowshare propertly shaped
and sharpened. Use a jointer so that
all rubbish is turned under completely.
Increase the depth of plowing an Inch
or two each year for several seasons.
Largest and Most Profitable
Gains Made on Cattle Tested
at Nebraska Station.
A combination of alfalfa hay and
corn plant gave the largest and most
profitable gains on cattle tested at
the University of Nebraska. Corn was
fed both in the form of silage and sto
ver, and of these, silage was superior.
The cattle were fed in groups of
eight steer calves, each for 20 weeks.
Each animal of one group received
IVz pounds of corn, four pounds al
falfa and 0I2 pounds shredded corn
stover dally. The other group were
fed sis pounds corn, 32 pounds alfalfa
and 15 pounds silage.
The silage-fed calves averaged 1.8
pounds gain daily per head, or about
one-third of a pound more than the
stover-fed steers. They required only
3.4 rounds grain per 100 pounds of
gain made instead of five pounds, as
in the case of the stover-fed animals.
Valuing corn at 45 cents a bushel,
alfalfa at $3 a ton, shredded stover
and silage at $3 a ton each, the silage
ration made 100 pounds gain at a cost
of $4.66. the profit per steer during the
20 weeks being $5-SS. "With the sto
ver ration, 100 pounds gain cost $5.42,
the profit being only $1J31 per steer.
Roughage Supplemented by Daily Al
lowance of Bran and Oats Is
Recommended as Good.
During the eight or ten weeks that
cows "go dry. their food should b
chiefly roughage. A daily allowance
of two pounds of bran cr oats, or a
mixture of two parts each cf bran
and oats and ne part of linseed meal
or corn-oil meal makes a proper feed
for a cow near calving. Some roots,
cabbage, pumpkins, r squashes are
also very good. Highly carbonaceous
roughage, such as straw and corn
stalks, is not good at this particular
time. Such feeds, with cold water,
cold drafts, or lying out at night on
damp or frozen ground, are the chief
causes of caked udder or garget.
Difficult to Provide Formula Which
Contains a Sufficient Amount
of Protein.
In the maintenance of farm poetry
much difficulty is often experienced In
providing a cheap and economic ration,
and especially In providing a formula
which contains a sufficient amount of
Poultry Food Control.
The feeding of wheat aDd other
cereals fit for human consumption i3
prohibited In Great Britain. Poultry
men are compelled to rely upon waste
food or damaged grains, and as a con
sequence they are hard pressed.
Clean Up.
dean up the garden and burn all
weeds and trash. You will destroy
and make homeless many Insects that
had figured on eating your next jears
Breeder Must Be Absolutely Certairt
of Pedigrees, as Uncertainty
Makes Them Worthless.
The purebred breeder's newcomers
must be marked in some way, as any
uncertainty will make their pedigrees
worthless as purebreds. The breeder
must be absolutely certain in the pedi
grees he writes. Many of the sys
tems for marking seem complicated
and hard to remember. I have been
using a system that has proven very
satisfactory to me, writes C A. Steele
of Clarke county, Ohio. In Ohio
I stand behind the animal and make
four notches on the outside of each
ear. The count Is made from the base
Marking System.
of the left ear at the base 1, the next
2, near the point 3. point 4 ; then over
to the point of the right ear, 5, then
C-7-S. A notch in each ear is 9. A
notch at the base inside the left ear is
10. the next 20 and 30. Inside near the
Ioint of the right ear Is 40, then 50
and CO ; In this way you number up to
CO. I label these notches with a label
Then you can cut T-shaped notches
with a knife. I commence at TO and
go on up to 129 (see illustration),
which would be high enough for most
herds or flocks. If any one should
want to go higher it would be an easy
matter to make a different kind of
notch to do this.
At breeding time I mark my breed
ing ewes on the back with a figure to
show which ram they are bfed to.
Then when they lamb I have all that
is required to write out a pedigree.
This I put in a small note book that
I carry with me or leave In the barn.
Also if a lamb should become sep
arated from its mother I can easily
find her. I transfer these notes to an
other book from time to time . so In
case either should be lost I would still
have a record. My note book gives
the following information: Date of
birth, number of ewe. sire, ram or ewe
lamb, ear mark, remarks.
Breaking Out of Body Caused by Nar
row Ration High in Protein
Can Be Remedied.
When pigs are fed on a very nar
row ration with & high content of pro
tein and a limited amount of energy
and fat-forming material, they are
subject to a breaking out of the body,
which causes considerable irritation.
This has been noticed when pigs are
turned on a pasture very rich in pro
tein, especially when the pigs had
previously been on a feed that was
lacking In this content. These pigs
J will unquestionably improve if you
will feed a mixture of 12 parts of
cornmeal, two parts of shorts and
one part of oil meal along with the
separated milk. Spray these pigs
again with light crude oil and Apply
over the worst spots of the body a
mixture of three parts of unsalted
lard and one part of flowers of sul
Animals Consume Large Quantities, cf
Bulky Feed and Need Compara
tively Little Grain.
Breeding ewes consume compara
tively large quantities of roughage and
need but little grain. Of this rough
age corn stover and oat straw may
well form an Important and economi
cal part, but they should be supple
mented by other feeds containing more
protein. Sheep will eat about 25 to
35 per cent of the total weight of the
stover, leaving . the stalks. 'Wheat
straw Is not so valuable for sheep
feeding as oat straw, while rye straw
has practically no value In sheep ra
Make Liberal Application Cf White
wash and Disinfectants About
Hog House and Yards.
"Whitewash and disinfectants must
be used freely about the hog house
and yards after an outbreak of chol
era. If the cleaning and disinfecting
is carefully done we may be able to
stock up again within a few week
after the hogs have stopped dying
and suffer no further loss but it is
usually best to wait two or three
months before we do this, or depend
no the hogs that have survived for &
fresh scart.
Examine Udder of Ewes.
Ewes should have their udders ex
amined aftvr lambs are fully weaned,
and If their udders are full and ten
der, they should be milked out, and
greased if inflamed.. Vaseline and
sweet oil well mixed is the best oint
ment to use.
Pasture Sow and Litter.
Pasturing the brood sow and her lit
ter keeps them all la good health.
the pigs will make satisfactory gains
and there will be a decided saving of
$7as sucn a creature as ne naa Been
" - 1

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