Newspaper Page Text
THE HAYS FREE PRESS
I7iioi Saved .bv I lift j& MART GAHAMffi3K. LITTLE TROUBLE WITH GEESE Many Farms Adapted for Raising Small Number of Fowls Pastur age Is Quite Essential. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) In our efforts to increase the pro duction of poultry, which is being urged by the department of agricul ture, we should not ignore turkeys, ducks and geese. Many farms are well adapted for geese-raising. They J! i wr &?4 .4 li;-Li -- 5aA-- - - Flock of Tjulouse Geese. may be raised in small numbers suc cessfully and at a profit on farms where there is low,' rough pasture land with a natural supply of water. Geese are generally quite free from disease and insect pests, but occasionally are affected by ailments common to poul try. Grass makes up the bulk of their food, and for this reason pasturage is essential. A body of water, while not absolutely essential, is valuable where geese are raised, and some breeders consider it important during the breed ing season. Geese are good foragers, and for this reason many farmers in the South keep them to kill the weeds in the cotton fields. Geese need little protection In the way of a house, except in winter and during stormy weather. Some kind of a shelter should be provided for the young goslings, and the same precau tions taken in raising chickens as to keep the coops and houses clean, and provided with plenty of straw scat tered about the floor, should be taken. Geese like other kinds of poultry, should be selected for size, prolificacy and vitality. They should be mated several months prior to the breeding season to obtain the best results. Good matings are not changed from year to year unless the results are unsatisfac tory. A gander may be mated with from one to four geese, but pair or trio matings usually give the best re sults. When mated, geese are allowed to run in flocks. From four to twenty five geese may be kept on an acre of land, and under most conditions ten is a fair average. PREPARE GEESE FOR MARKET Young Fowls Can Be Fed Advantage ously While on Grass or Con fined in Small Yards. Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Before marketing the young geese the average farmer can feed advan tageously a fattening ration either while the geese are on grass range or confined to small yards, but it Is doubt ful whether it would pay him to con fine them to Individual or small pens and make a specialty of fattening un less he has a special market or retail trade for well-fattened stock. Geese are usually killed and picked in the same manner as other kinds of poultry. Some markets prefer dry picked geese, while In other markets no difference is made In the price of scalded or dry-picked geese. When feathers are to be saved, fowls should not be scalded but should be picked dry before or after steaming. RAISING GEESE FOR PROFIT Fowls Earn Their Own Living by For aging in Pastures Alfalfa Field Is Ideal. That there is big money in raising geese Is conceded by every one who has had anything to do with the raising of them. They earn their own living by foraging In the pastures and mead ows, and where great quantities of al falfa are raised would be an ideal place for them. FIXTURES OF POULTRY HOUSE Construction Should Be So That Every thing Can Be Readily Removed and Cleaned. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) As far as possible, the Interior fix tures of a poultry house, such as roosts, nests, dust boxes, drinking fountains, feed troughs and grit boxes, should be eo constructed as to permit them to be readily removed and cleaned. , Mortality Among Poults. The high mortality common In young poults usually is due to some of the following causes: Exposure to dampness and cold; improper feeding close confinement ; lice; predatory ani mals; weakness in the parent stock. Clean Litter for Grain. Provide 4 or 5 inches of good, clean litter on the floor of the poultry house in which to scatter the grain feed. The hens must exercise in or der to get the grain, and this pro motes health and egg production. "Xr-..--- jr.- .. -. --i : v n vtv Oras? ? 'fosse 7 JJ t tMm Li Nearto 1.000.000 Soldiers Who Served in Federal rmuWereUnder 16 Years of Aoe i r Orion fifowe ss a JoAfer- X X 1ll'fe& HE FACT that the draft law under which the United States Is now rais ing its armies placed the minimum age of men to be Included In the draft at twenty-one years has called attention to the extreme youth of the men who made up the forces that fought and won the Civil war. It may truthfully be said that the war was won by an army of school boys. The younger generation probably Is not aware of the fact that nearly a million of those who carried muskets on behalf of the Federal cause were less than sixteen years of age when they en listed. Statistics show that there were exactly 844,891 boys under that age In the Federal army. There were 1,151,438 under eighteen years of age, and of the total enlistments of 2,778,309 there were 2,159,798 under twenty-one years of age. Not only were the great majority of privates less than twenty-one years of age, but the records show that companies, regiments and brigades were com manded literally by schoolboys. At the close of the war, it is said. It was the exception to find a brigade or division commander who was more than thirty years old. Brig. Gen. John L. Clem is generally credited with being the youngest soldier on record. He was born in Newark, O., August 13, 1851. He was not quite ten years old when he entered the volunteer service as a drummer at the beginning of the war. Two years later, when he was still not quite twelve years old, he was regularly enlisted and took his place in the ranks. He was made a sergeant for bravery displayed In the battle of Chickamauga and served until the close of the war. He returned to school when the war ended and graduated from the Newark high school. In 1871 he was apppoint ed a second lieutenant in the regular army and re mained In the regular service until 1915, when he was retired with the rank of brigadier general. Among the heroes who were awarded the con gresional medal of honor for valor shown upon the field of battle .there were many who were mere children. A veteran officer of the Federal army, writing In the Philadelphia Public Ledger, recalled some interesting history connected with some of these youthful heroes. The writer gave the follow ing account of some of these unusual cases : "Itobinson B. Murphy was born May ll, 1849. He enlisted as musician at the beginning of the war and the official statement of the action for which he gained his congress medal reads : " 'At Atlanta, Ga., July 28, 1864. being orderly to the brigade commander, he voluntarily led two regiments as re-enforcements into line of battle, where he had his horse shot from under him. "He enlisted August 6, 1862, at the age of twelve years, two months and twenty-four days. In the One Hundred Twenty-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was made orderly to the colonel of the regiment. In January, 1864, he was made or derly to Gen. J. A. J. LIghtburn, and participated In several hard-fought battles. In the army he was known as 'Bob.' .When he performed the wonder ful feat that gained him the medal he was only fifteen years old. The circumstances under which young Murphy led two regiments into battle were as follows: "The division In which General Lightburn com manded was that day on the extreme right of the army, which was being flanked by the enemy. Young Murphy was sent to the right by his general to find out the situation, and finding that the ene my had flanked the right wing and was driving them, he rode on his pony down the line and met General Logan, who commanded that day, and begged him with tears In his eyes for re-enforcements, telling him they were cutting our right all to pieces. The general replied: I have ordered re-enforcements from the left, and here they come now, and if you know where they are needed, Bob, show them in. And that is how he came to lead the two regiments that day. General Lightburn wrote regarding Bob that he was 'not only brave and faithful, but displayed remarkable judgment for one of his age, as I soon found out. I could depend on him under any circumstances that might arise.' "And here is another very little chap who gained his medal, Orion P. Howe, born December 29, 1848. He enlisted early In the war and was wounded at Vicksburg and three times at Dallas, Ga. His rec ord Is a brilliant one, and General Sherman tells "the story in a letter of August 8, 1863: 'Headquarters Fifteenth Army Corps, Camp on Black River, August 8, 1863. " 'Hon. E. Stanton, Secretary of War. 44 'Sir : I take the liberty of asking, through you, that something be done for a lad named Orion P. Howe of Waukegan, HI., who belongs to the Fifty fifth Illinois, but at present Is home wounded. I think he Is too young for West Point, but would be the very thing for a midshipman. When the as sault at Vicksburg was at Its height, on the 19th of May, and I was In front near the road, which formed my, line of attack, this young lad came up to me, wounded and bleeding, w ith a good, healthy boy's cry : "General Sherman, send some cartridges to Colonel Malmburg ; the men oe nearly all out." "What's the matter, my boy?" "They shot me In the leg, sir, but I can go to the hospital. Send the art record cartridges right away. Even where he stood the shot fell thick, and I told him to go to the rear at once. I would attend to the cartridges ; and off he limped. Just before he disappeared on the hill, he turned and called as loud as he could: "Caliber .54." I have not seen the lad since, and his colonel (Malmburg) on Inquiry gives me the address above, and says he Is a bright. Intelligent boy, with a fair preliminary education. What arrested my atten tion then was and what renewed my memory of the fact now is that one so young, carrying a musket-ball through his leg, should have found his way to me on that fatal spot, and delivered his message, not forgetting the very Important part of the caliber of his musket, .54, which you know is an unusual one. I'll warrant that the boy has In him the elements of a man, and I commend him to the government as one worth the fostering care of one of the national institutions. I am, with re spect, " 'Your obedient servant, " 'W. T. SHERMAN, 'Major General Commanding. "When the poet, George H. Boker, learned of the ' episode of young Howe, he put the story In verse. "John Cook, too, gained a medal of honor when a mere child. He was born In Ohio, August 10, 1847, and enlisted In Battery B, Fourth United States artillery, at the breaking out of the war. He was serving as bugler at Antletam, and certainly did enough to merit his medal. The boy distinguished himself at Antletam and In every fight In which the command was engaged. At Antletam the bat tery was knocked to pieces, losing about 50 per cent of the men, killed or wounded. Captain Camp bell fell, severely wounded, and young Cook as sisted him to the rear, quickly returning to the .firing line, where, seeing nearly all the men down and not enough left to man the guns, the little fel low unstrapped a pouch of ammunition from the body of a dead gunner who was lying near one of the caissons, ran forward with It and acted as gun ner until the end of the fight. ."J. C. Julius Langbeln was a very small boy. Indeed, when at the battle of Camden, North Caro lina, April 15, 1S62, he won his congress medaL The official record states that "when a drummer boy, he voluntarily and under a heavy fire went to the aid of a wounded officer, procured medical aid for him and aided in carrying him to a place of safety. After the battle he was granted a short leave of absence to visit his parents, and what a thrill of happiness the boy must have felt when he handed his mother a commendatory letter from his company commander. "And here is another boy who wears the con gress medal of honor, nobly won: George D. Sld man, a schoolboy from Michigan, a mere child in years, when he made his great record and won the medal for 'distinguished bravery In battle at Gaines Mills, June 27, 1862. This battle, the sec ond of the 'Seven Days Battles before Richmond, was one of the most disastrous battles of the Civil war, wherein Fitz John Porter's Fifth army corps was pitted against the three army corps of Gen erals Longstreet, Hill and 'Stonewall' Jackson. "Brig. Gen. Daniel Butterfield's brigade, com posed of the Twelfth, Seventeenth and Forty-fourth New York, the Eighty-third Pennsylvania and Six teenth Michigan Volunteer infantry regiments, that day occupied the left line of battle In the form of a curve, with the Sixteenth and Eighty-third on the extreme left and resting oh the border of Chickahomlny swamp. Here the brigade was called upon to resist several desperate charges of the enemy during the day, which, in every instance, re sulted in defeat of the attacking forces. "It was In this forlorn hope rally that SIdman, then a youth of seventeen, serving in the ranks of Company C, Sixteenth Michigan, as a private, but borne on the rolls of his company as a drummer boy, distinguished himself by waving his gun and calling upon bis comrades to rally on the colors a3 he had done, thus setting an example that wa3 speedily followed by a number of others, and win ning the approbation of Major Welch of his regi ment, who was a witness of the heroic act. He was in the front rank of the charge back upon the enemy, and in the almost hand-to-hand conflict that followed fell severely wounded through the left hip by a m'.nnie ball. "On the morning of December 13, 1862, while the Fifth corps was drawn up in line of battle on Staf ford heights waiting for orders to cross the Rappa hanock river and enter Fredericksburg, Colonel Stockton, commanding the Third brigade. First division, called upon the Sixteenth Michigan for a volunteer to carry the new brigade flag that had Just reached the command. SIdman, but now par tially recovered from his wound, sprang from the ranks and begged for this duty. His patriotism and fidelity to duty, well known to Major Welch, now commanding the regiment, won for him the covet ed prize, much to the chagrin of several other com rades who valiantly offered their services. Lead ing his brigade on its famous charge up Marye's heights, in that terrible slaughter under Burnside, he was again wounded, but not so severely as to prevent him from planting the colors within 150 yards of the enemy's line, where they remained for 30 hours. Three days later he proudly bore his flag back across the Rappahanock, marked by a broken shaft and several holes, caused by the ene my's missiles during the charge. "It was in this battle, Sunday, December 14, 1862, while the brigade lay all day hugging the ground behind the slight elevation a few yards in front of the enemy, momentarily expecting an attack, that Sidman, with a comrade of his own company, displayed humanity as well as remark able valor by running the gauntlet through a rail road cut for canteens of water for the sick and wounded comrades who could not be removed from the lines; this at a time, too, when the enemy's sharpshooters were so stationed as to command the ground a considerable distance in the rear of the brigade lines. It was this distinguished service of humanity at Fredericksburg, in the face of-a vigilant enemy and with almost certain death star ing him In the face, that prompted his officers in recommending him for the medal of honor. The war department, with a full record knowledge of his service from Gaines Mills to Fredericksburg, and for reasons best known to Itself, decided that the medal was earned at the first-named battle, with continuing merit to the end of his military service. "Perhaps the most dangerous duty that a soldier can be engaged in is that of scout- In a book pub lished after the war, and called 'Hampton and His Cavalry. the following definition of a scout is given: The scouts of the army did not constitute a distinct organization, but suitable men volunteer ing for this duty were detailed from the different commands. The position required not only cool ness, courage, zeal and Intelligence, but special fac ulties born in some few men.' "The line of demarcation between a scout and a spy was at times very ill-defined, for, as the scouts were usually dressed in enemy's uniforms which they had captured, they were by strict military law subject to the penalty of spies If taken within the enemy's lines, and they were not without pleasant experiences of that sort. "Undoubtedly one of the most distinguished of this class was Archibald Hamilton Rowand, Jr who received the medal because of the indorsement of General Sheridan, who knew and appreciated his great services to the cause. "Rowand was born March 6, 1845, In Philadel phia, Pa and enlisted June 17, 1862, in Company K, First West Virginia cavalry, and served until August 17, 1865. His services were not only re markable, but most valuable to the cause. He was one of the most daring and most trusted of Sheri dan's scouts. "Once, while scouting for Averill, he was cap tured, but told such a plausible story to the Con federate officers about being a Confederate 'scout with verbal orders from one distant general to an other that he was allowed to depart. The first time he was detailed on scout duty his two companions were shot and killed. On his next trip his com rade and his own horse were killed when they were 18 miles inside of the Confederate lines, but Row and managed to dodge the enemy's bullets and get back alive, vowing at every jump never to go on scout duty again. He soon recovered from his fright, however, and started out on another trip. While with Sheridan he was asked to locate the notorious partisan leader, Maj. Harry Gllmore, and, if possible, effect his capture. "After several days hard work he found Gllmore stopping In a large country mansion near Moor field, W. Va. This he reported to Sheridan, who sent' with him about fifteen scouts under Colonel Young. They dressed In Confederate uniforms and. followed by 300 Federal cavalry at a distance of several miles, to be oZ assistance In case the true character of the scouts was discovered, they arrived near Gilmore's command about daybreak, and Rowand went forward alone and, single-handed, captured the vidette without a shot being fired. The scouts then 'entered the family mansion md took Gllmore out of bed and back to Shfcri-an's headquarters." REMEMBERS ONE TIGHT FIX Veteran Admits He Was Glad When Particularly Hot Brush With Confederates Was Ended. "I didn't see much real fighting, modestly said a veteran whose breast was covered with badges and whose comrades say he has some good stories to telL "I did get Into one fix, though, that I was glad to get out of. It was the morning of the battle of Cedar creek. I was acting as aid to my colonel and- he mounted early In the morning and rode out in the fog to get a look at the Confederate lines. Of course I went with htm. We some how lost our way in the fog and the first thing we knew we were up against a bunch of Johnny Rebs. Halt, they ordered just as we caught sight of them, and the colonel turned his horse. 'Halt, or well shoot, they said. "Shoot and be d d, said, the colonel and he put spurs to his horse. "They did shoot and I was mighty glad when we got out of rane. X don't know whether 'twas that or what he did lAter In the day, but the colonel got promoted to brigadier. He wanted to do something for me, but I wasn't commissioned and he couldn't give me a place on his staff, 'but he kept me as a sort of personal aid till my time was up, and by that time I was ready to quit. "Oh, I got hit once or twice; If I hadn't perhaps I'd have been more willing to stay, but home looked pretty good to me, and the war was "most OTgr anyway." He Was Nearly There. ' During McClellan's march up th Peninsula, a tall Vermonter got sepa rated from his regiment and was tramping through the mud trying to overtake It. He came to a crossing and was puzzled which read to take, but a native came along and the sol dier Inquired: "Where doe this road lead to?" "To helL answered the surly Southron. "WaaL" drawled the Green Mountain boy, "judging by the lay o the land and the looks o the people, I cailate I'm' most there. LITTLE PRAIRIE DOGS. "There are so many animals who sleep in the winter and do not wake up until the spring" com menced . Daddy, "and I have told you about ever and ever so many of the ones who don't think a night I s .nearly enough at a time for a sleep. They think to doze and dream all the win ter long and to forget the cold weather Is the Mr. Woodchuck Is thIng to do. Very Sorrowful. But hen Fprin comes they want to be around again. """Many of the little "creatures who would sleep if they were free for the winter time do not take such long naps if they are In the zoo. It is most ly because the weather in the cages is different from the' weather outdoors. There the snow and rain and sleet and hall can't touch them. And they are fed regular meals. "Among the animals who have been asleep all winter have been the frogs, toads, turtles, snakes, bears, wood chucks, and a good many others, but the ones who thought they had the best sleep of all were the little prai rie dogs. "They always go to sleep even If they're In the zoo,- and they dig their holes In the ground where they bur row down when the weather gets chilly. "It's funny about our cousin. Mr. Woodchuck, said Peter Prairie Dog. "'What Is funny? asked Pat, his younger brother. "We are so alike In many ways, and In others quite different.' " Pray explain, said Pat. Tm young er and I don't know nearly so much. In fact, Fra very, very young, so young that I can't learn the lesson of remem bering my age. "That's not a lesson. said Peter, "but no matter. Remembering your age Is a habit. "What's a habit? asked Pat, who was very fond of asking questions. "'A habit Is something we do reg ularly because we have become ac customed to doing It, answered Pe ter, waving his taiL But, Pat, my dear brother. If yon keep asking so many little odd ques tions, I'll never be able to tell you the difference between Mr. Wood chuck and myself. "Pat was about to ask what little odd questions were, but stopped just in time, and Instead of speaking, gave a funny little bark. "1 won't Interrupt any more, said Pat. , "Mr. Woodchuck and his family, said Peter, 'are our cousins. And what Mr. Woodchuck does, the whole family tjo, but as we're only cousins, we have different ways. StllL everything Grand father Prairie Dog does, we do, too. All families have the same ways for the most part. "Peter Prairie dog barked and wag ged his tall, turned around twice and then began again: "Mr. Woodchuck Is like us In the way he sleeps. He will not budge all the winter long, nor show any sign of life when he is sleeping.' The farm er always knows that spring has come when the woodchuck appears. He goes into one of his holes and shuts off the other two which he has In the summer time, for he has quite a fine house, has Mr. Woodchuck. But If he should be disturbed by anyone in the cold weather he will stay rolled up in a ball and will not open his eyes. Now and again he will grunt, that's all. " "Now we sleep In much the same way. But we are different. "Pat listened attentively. He knew all the rest that Peter had been tell ing him. but he didn't know what was coming. " 'Mr. Wood chuck is very sor rowful, which means the same as sad. He gets the blues' and becomes grumpy and unhappy and we are always pleasant. "Often when wh,, i. r-.. . "isw ruririjA Asked Pat. they think we are barking we are really laughing, for Tre laugh with otzr tails. It's fine to be able to laugh for wards and backwards. "Fine, echoed Pat. " We like a great deal of the same food as Mr. Woodchuck does vege tables and roots. But oh, carots are the favorite dish of the prairie dogs. And Pat barked In agreement. " We never make pets, though -we're so pleasant and cheerful. It's Just that we're not very fond of being too tame, and Mr. Woodchuck 13 like us in that respect, to. "But to think of ever being tin happy In this beautiful, spring and summer world, said Peter, for as long as we sleep In the winter we have no worry at alL And they barked hap pily as they ran to Join their brothers and cousins. Solar and Sidereal Years. Our word solar is derived from the Latin word soL meaning the sun, and the term solar year means the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around . the sun. Ordina rily we call that 3C5 days, but to be astronomically exact, it is 363 days, 5 hours, 43 minutes, and 45 seconds. The word sidereal is derived from the Latin sidus, a star, and a sidereal year means the period of the earth's revolu tion around the sun as measured by the stars. The sidereal year Is a few minutes longer than the solar year. S- 158 and cjoy frecoocB tea -"i-f-jj lddney gts. At all grccgista. 1 AmerlcanDoIIarFlag Sb fast, ma proof Tmffvta, tK long 4MMt-iickr4 trn4 tuiK; titm lirmrr by ftml post tm tecrtpt of fac tory nc. K-K. Iscladinc polo. t-ll u4 a!i!4 kotter, Hil 8c4 tor f ii cataJoroe of rsx arts' AocvraUcBS W Bsaka not as4 brur ibaa aar other coMrn ia ib ori4. rncaumucluriiwar AMERICAN FLAG MFG. CO, E ASTON. PA. Kill All Files! wEs!Eem Flaead urvkav, Daisy Fly Kit!r attract and klHa jBfilea, yraVrlTTn n - rTf rntmf nit rtiitart Daisy Fly Killer j or iiaii it. r aaa lUUrOLO HKM. ISO M KALS AYtV. MOOKLVa), H. T. What some men need Is a curb that will prevent them from butting in. "When a doctor loses a patient and he isn't sure of the cause, he attributes It to a complication of diseases. Dr. ierce's Pleasant Pellets are the original little liver pills put up 40 years grx They regulate liver and bowels. Ad, Sizing Him Up. June Can he trace back his ances try far?" Jessica "Not very far for a man who cannot earn over $15 a week. A Splendid Business College We place every graduate la a position. Tuition reasonable. New methods get you ready quickly. Writ today for free illus trated Information. Start any time. Business Men's E3ciency College, 15 Walnut Street, Kansas City, Mo. Adv. . Alloyed Bliss. A friend overheard this on the street car: "Maude doesn't look quite happy. "She Isn't-" "Why, she ought to be. She's got a beautiful new engagement ricg and "Yes, but she hasn't found out how much it cost yet. Cutlcura Heals Eczema And rashes that Itch and burn. It there is a tendency to pimples, etc, prevent their return by making Cutl cura your daily toilet preparation. For free samples address, "Cutlcura, Dept X, Boston. At druggists and by mail. Soap 25, Ointment 25 and 50. Adv. Business Mind. A prominent Indianapolis banker, thinking to practice a little conserva tion, took five Liberty loan colored pos ters home to his four-year-old son to use as playthings, telling him they were Liberty bonds. The boy, evidently in heriting some of his father's own busi ness ability, started out in the neigh borhood to sell the "bonds for a nickel each. He succeeded promptly In selling all five, and brought the quar ter to his father to buy a Thrift stamp. Indianapolis News. The Secret. Mullins observes that, while married men contend that their wives cannot keep a secret, these men themselves are "just as bad. He tells of a married man who bufc tonholed him at the club and told him a lot of gossip. "Don't let this go any further, Henry, he said earnestly. "Certainly not," said Mullins, "but how did you chance to hear it?" "Oh. the wife, of course, responded the other. 'She's just like all women an't keep a secret to save her life V Wouldn't Need To. Pat walked Into the post office After getting into the telephone box he called a wrong number. As there was no such number the switch attendant did not answer him. Pat shouted again, but received no answer. The lady of the post office opened the door and told him to shout a little louder, which he did, but still no an swer. Again she said she would require him to speak louder. Pat got angry at this, and, turning to the lady, said : "Begorra, If I cold shout any loud er I wouldn't use your bloomln ould telephone at all! Tit-Bits. Jr i ECONOMY TALIC is all rifctt ECONOMY - PRACTICE is better. d POSTUFf is an economy drink fibs olutcly no waste. Beside it is corrve ni ent, serves fuel and sugar, and leaves notnirrg to be desired, in the way or flavor . TKYA CUP!