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THE HAYS FREE PRESS
HEWS' ITEMS FROM ALL OVER KANSAS Happenings of More or Less interest Gathered From . Many Sources. UPHOLDS KANSAS ROAD LAW Attempt to Block Distribution of Im provement Costs Ended by a . - Supreme Court Decision. The Kansas Good Roads Law provid ing for the distribution of the cost of roads to be improved was upheld by the Kansas supreme court in a special decision recently. Shortly before the 1917 legislature met people living along a road west of Topeka circulated a petition for a rock road under the old Hodges Road Law. Then the legislature yassed the law creating the highway commission and making a new method of the distribu tion of the cost of the improvement. The county let the contract for the new road under the new law and the property owners brought injunction suits to stop it. The Shawnee County Ihstrict Court upheld the law. The case was appealed to the- su preme court and submitted the other day. The court held the 1917 law was good; that it superseded the old law and was the only one effective now and should stand without further legal quibbling. The court then required the complainants to take any further steps in the suit within five days, in stead of the usual thirty days allowed for petitions for rehearings. Despite the growing popularity of farm tractors, they never will supple ment horses in Kansas, said J. C Moh ler, secretary of the Kansas Board of Agriculture, in a report. He urged farmers to continue raising horses, as suring them there was big profit in it. "Kansas has in the neighborhood of 180,000 farms, 1,050,000 horses and 5, 000 tractors," says the report, "an av erage of about six horses to the farm and one tractor to every thirty-six farms." Kansas has "invented" a new steer! It is a distinctive variety in appear ance, being blue gray in color. It is the intention of Prof. W. A. Cochel, head of the animal husbandry depart ment of the state agricultural college, who has been supervising the develop ment of the new steer family to in culcate in it the most desirable points cf at least three other families of beef cattle. He told the Kansas cattlemen at their convention here that the ex periment has been successful and that another crop of the blue-grays will be produced at the Fort Hays experiment station. The blue-grays are from Gal loway and Angus cows crossed with white Shorthorns. Governor Capper announced recent ly that he will receive bids on two pounds of wool clipped frsm the sheep grazing on the White House lawn. The wool will go to the highest bidder and the receipts will be given to the Red Cross. President and Mrs. Wilson had the sheen sheared this serins: and the clip has been divided equally between the states. Each state receives about two pounds and will hold an auction for the benefit of the Red Cross. The sum of 550,000 was voted by the Kansas order of the Eastern Star as its contribution to the war fund of Masonic and Eastern Star overseas service, which was organized in Wash ington, D. C, recently. Between 1,500 and 2,000 delegates attended the closing session of the grand chapter of Kansas, Order of the Eastern Star, at Topeka. Most of the day was taken up in the balloting for new officers, who are: Miss Mattie Davis, Independence, grand matron; Mrs. Julia Hohn, Marysville, associate grand matron; Mrs. Delia Bennett, To peka, re-elected grand secretary. A letter to Gov. Arthur Capper from the Aero Club of America, which trav eled by airplane from New York to Washington and thence by train to To peka, was delivered to the governor recently. The letter arrived in Tope ka forty-eight hours after leaving New York. Francis I Street, 85 years old, for thirty-eight years an engineer on the JstIsco Railway in Kansas, died sud lenly at his home in Neodesha follow ing a short illness. W. R. Carter, head of tne industrial Institution of Topeka, a negro insti tution, is to resign June 1 at the re- Quest of Governor Capper. Attorney General S. M. Brewster has tiled suit in the Kansas supreme court to oust James W. Davis, mayor of Leavenworth, from office. The date for hearing of the petition has been set by the court for May 25. Men called In the selective draft and members of the Home Guard organiz ation in Kansas are exempt from poll ,tax, S. N. Hawkes, assistant attorney general ruled recently. The decision was made in reply to an Inquiry from City Attorney W. O. Knigbt of Gar net. Knowledge of Cyclones Grows. Within a few years modern science , has done much to increase our knowl , edge of cyclones, and the sailor of to day knows not only. in what region to expect them, but he has also learned the path in which they move and di rection of the wind. By means of ."storm cards," which are somewhat difficult to describe, but the sse ci which is comparatively easy, the ma riner knows how to steer his vessel to . lavoid the violence of a gale and if be ; Is 'very skillful may even make the -v- - ' - ' : ' ' " . - x "No attempt has teen made by the food commission to fix the prices of live stock and meats and none is like ly to be made, J. P. Cotton, head of the meat division of the food admin istration, told 1,000 Kansas cattlemen at their annual meeting here. "We are anxious to see the producers pros per, but it seems hardly obligatory on the government to protect the man who buys feeders at an unwise figure, the man who speculates and uses bad judgment in the cattle business any more than any other business man. The producer should remember, in bis constant demand for higher prices, that there is a point beyond which the consumer cannot go. When that point Is reached he ceases to buy meat." Regarding the packern, Mr. Cotton had this say: "While the packers have some habits that 1 do not care for, it must be rememoered that in this emerency they have fulfilled all their contracts. They L..ve kept our army and navy and the people of the allied countries supplied and nowhere has there been heard any complaint of inefficiency on the part of the packers since the beginning of the war." The cattlemen's meetiax was one of the largest ever held here. Feeding problems were discussed by Prof. Pew f the Iowa Agricultural College and Prof. W. A. Cochel of Manhattan. The latter made a report showing excel lent profits on a lot of young cattle which the college has ben feeding ex perimentally. The urgent requests taat the crim inal prosecution against S"elix Broeker of Salina, former head iA several ex tensive financial enteri-rises, be dis missed, were met with the announce ment at the attorney general's office that the case will not be dismissed without trial and that the attorney gen eral is considering filiAg additional charges which would involve several men besides Broeker. A petition sign ed by eight directors of the Globe In surance Company, of waich Broeker was the president, asking the dismis sal of the embezzlement charge against Broeker, has ben filed with the attorney general. Argentine High School won the fourth typewriting contest held by high schools of Kansas at Lawrence by a score of 18. Governor Capper presented a silver cup to the winners. Argentine has won three of the four annual contests. Winneis on the Ar gentine team and their records were: Elizabeth Dey, Argentine, first in the 15-minute contest, averaging 73 words a minute; Helen Rambo, second, aver aging 65 words a minute for fifteen minutes; Hallie Davis, Argentine, ad vanced class, 109 words a minute; Helen Rambo, Argentine, beginners' class, 96 words a minute. Governor Capper has asked Judge R. L. King of Marion County to inves tigate and, if necessary, appoint a re ceiver for an alleged "slacker farm in Banner Township, Dickinson County, in Judge King's judicial dis trict. A county assessor reported one of the finest farms in Dickinson County had not been farmed for two years. Tne owner declined to farm it himself or rent it, he said. Some time ago Judge W. L Stuart of Brown County . appointed ' a receiver for a "slacker farm" and ordered the land tilled every year of the war. Announcement was made at the fifty-third annual commencement of Ottawa University, Baptist school here, that Miss Mabel Dale, a 17-year-old girl of Oklahoma, had given $35,- 000 to the school's endowment fund. It will be used for the erection of a library to be known as the Dale Li brary. Miss Dale is a daughter of O. C Dale of Yale and a granddaughter of Judge H. C. Dale of Columbus, Kas. She Is said to receive a very large income from oil properties in the Cushlng field. Her Income last month was said to be $68,000. The Kansas State Board of Phar macy, at a meeting to examine appli- cants for registration as druggists at Kansas City, was reorganized by the election of Mathias 'Noll of Atchison, president, and R. B. Bird, treasurer. Floyd Tilford of Wichita is the new member of the board. The fourth member is F. W. Eastrand. Thirty nine applicants took the examination in Kansas. Twelve K. U. students qualified foi licenses In the commercial radio ser vice at examinations held in Kansas City, Kas., recently. One of the twelve, Katherine Oder, a freshman In the University of Kansas and a Lawrence girl, is the first woman west of On cinnati to make the high rating in the radio service. Six K. U. students re ceived a grade of 1 and the other six placed in grade 2. The H. D. Lee Mercantile Company announces it3 Salina overall factory, employing seventy-five to one hundred women, will be moved to Kansas City June 15, and added to the factory tnere' The government has taken all the product of the factory. Clarence Leclerc, a' salesman for an auto agency at Wichita, was found shot to death near Cannonball road, four miles west of there. He had been shot three times. A watch and $25 in his pockets were not taken. That the United States government has definitely decided to send 250 men men of the national army to the Uni versity cf Kansas on June 15 for special training in technical branches is the announcement made at Law rence by Dean G. C. Shadd of the school of engineering. cyclone help him on his way. Cyclones are always accompanied with rain. generally so violent as to be called i "cloudburst, When the air is com pletely saturated with the moisture and a "whirl" is formed, the heated stra tum is net carried to a great height. J-he upward current being strong, i vast mass of partially condensed va por is accumulated In the upper end or the runnel, so to speak, until It finally breaks -of its own weight. Probity Is the chief est of all good. SMOOTHS WAY FOR AIRCRAFT PROBE Congress Will Not Interfere With Mr. Hughes in His Investigation. SENATE WILL LIMIT ITS QUIZ Chamberlain Resolution, With Objec tionable Language Eliminated, Adopt ed Hears From Hughes. Washington, May 23. There will be no controversy in the Senate over the military committee's war inquiry plans to which President Wilson ob jected, and the Department of Justice Investigation of aircraft production di rected by Charles E. Hughes will pro ceed without having its path crossed by Congress. Developments came quickly today in a situation which had threatened an open fight on the floor of the Sen ate and in which administration lead ers saw the possibility of two simul taneous Inquiries into all phases of the government's aviation program. First, a compromise was reached un der which the resolution of Senator Chamberlain authorizing investiga tions of various branches of war ac tivities. Including aviation, was pass ed by the Senate after being stripped of language which the President had construed as virtually constituting the military committee a committee on the coduct of the war. A Request From Mr. Hughes. Soon afterward Senator Chamber lain received a letter from Attorney General Gregory inclosing one from Mr. Hughes, in which the latter stated the work he has undertaken at Presi dent Wilson's request -would be em barrassed by a parallel inquiry. Mr. Hughes outlined his idea of how the department's investigation should be carried on, declaring it should go into the whole history of aircraft produc tion since the war began and that a statement of results should be given to the public regardless of whether basis were found for either criminal or civil proceedings in the courts. Committee Agrees. This letter for a time seemed to threaten a new conflict. Members of the military committee quickly rec ognized the force of Mr. Hughes' state ment, and it was tentatively agreed that the subcommittee on aviation should confine its activities to look ing over the existing situation and leave all that has gone before to the Department of Justice. Another meet ing , will be held in a day or two to discuss the matter further. NEW HEADS FOR RAILROADS McAdoo Asks Regional Directors to Make Recommendations for Men to Control Transportation. Washington, May 23. Regional di rectors of the railroad administration were instructed today by Director Gen eral McAdoo to recommend immediate ly federal directors for every railroad. to be responsible only to the railroad administration, to replace railway presidents as chief operating officers. Pending these appointments the pres ent managing staffs will continue in control. Regional directors will come td Washington soon to discuss the ap pointments. It is possible that some presidents will continue indefinitely to direct their roacL although they will be subject to removal at any time. The first directors may be named late this week. Salaries of the new offi cers will range from $5,000 to $20,000. The director general may choose as federal directors many vice presidents now in charge of operations. WILSON FAVORS A TAX BILL The President Convinced by Secretary McAdoo That New Legislation Is Absolutely Necessary. Washington, May 23. President Wilson regards a tax bill necesary at this session of Congress. It was officially learned today that Secretary McAdoo, at a conference with the President yesterday, won the executive's approval of the proposed new revenue measure. Decision of the President to support McAdoo' 8 contention for a tax measure this session will probably result in early opening of work on the measure by House and Senate committees. Congressional leaders believed that Congress probably will recess from time to time while the committees are working thus enabling senators and representatives to get back home for pre-election campaigning and at the same time be on hand when the time comes for considering the measure. Storm Sweeps Wisconsin. Madison, Wis., May 23. Ten per sons are known dead today and at least fifty Injured as the result of a tornado, which swept Richland, Sauk, Dane and Iowa counties in Wisconsin last night, causing approximately 1 million dollars property damage. Germans Can't Get Ships. Washington, May 23. A far-reach Ing effort by Germany to get ships with which to gobble up trade after the war has been uncovered by the American government. Tobacco Ration for Soldiers. With the American Army in France, May 23. Tobacco, which heretofore has been purchased by the soldiers or issued by the Red Cross and other agencies, will be made a part of the regular rations on the recommenda tion of General Pershing. No Reports on Kerensky. Washington. May 23. Investigation by the State Department has failed to verify reports that Alexander Keren sky, the former premier cf Russia, had arrives ner. Gutzon Borg!um, Who Made Aircraft Report Gutzon Borglum, the famous sculp tor, who, after an investigation into the delay In constructing aircraft for our forces in France, made charges that graft, profiteering, "pro-Germanism and Inefficiency were responsible. The war department and the depart ment of Justice have started Investi gations. PARE DOWN ROAD ESTIMATES Director General McAdoo Discourages Big Extensions of Lines During Progress of the War. Washington, May 20. Railroads un der government operation this year will spend nearly 1,000 million dollars for additions, betterments and equip ment, or approximately three times as much as in any one of the last three years. Total capital expenditures approved by the railroad administration as an nounced today are $937,961,318. Of this big sum $440,071,000 will be spent for additions and betterments, such as stations and other property im provements; $479,686,000 for equip ment cars and locomotives already ordered through the railroad admin istration, and $18,203,000 for track ex tensions. The figures disclose Director Gen eral McAdoo's determination to let the railroads make many improve ments which they had neglected dur ing the last threevyears through per mitting tracks to run down, and post poning all possible projects requir ing big expenditures of capital. It also is shown that the railroad ad ministration is not encouraging many extensions of lines during .the war emergency, as practically all sums ap proved for extensions are to continue those already under construction and in some cases projects already under way have been disapproved and work discontinued. Railroads,' in submitting budgets of proposed capital expenditures thi3 year asked much more than was ac tually approved, and the railroad ad ministration eliminated $349,247,000 or nearly one-fourth of the proposals. In paring down the budgets to this extent, 'the administration made it plain that most of its decisions are tentative and may be reconsidered later in the light of any prowing ne cessity or lack of need of betterments. PRESIDENT LEADS A PARADE New York, May; 20. The President of the United States, commander-in- chief of the Army and Navy, marched on foot through Fifth avenue Satur day at the head of 75.000 soldiers of mercy. Then, standing in the review ing stand, he gravely saluted the col ors as the women of the Red Cross filed past in a seemingly endless line. The miles of white gowned women marchers made a mute but heart-stir ring appeal to the million New York ers who watched to contribute one quarter of the $100,000,000 their or ganization asks. CONDENSED NEWS ITEMS China and Japan have signed the treaty concluded after negotiations lasting several days concerning the military operations to be conducted jointly by these two countries in Si beria. The treaty , also contains clauses dealing with other matters, the details of which are not made public. Two German airplanes of a new and large type, which had been forced to land tn the North Sea, were rescued by Swedish steamers, telegraphs the correspondent at Copenhagen of the Exchange Telegraph Company. German submarines again have started unrestricted warfare on Nor wegian fishing boats in the Arctic Ocean north and east of the Norwe gian coast. Fishermen saved from sunken vessels and landed at Ham merfest report that the commander of a TJ-boat said all vessels met by him would be sunk. TL L. Bailey of Dallas, Tex, an oil stock salesman, is dead at Muskogee, Okla., from a gunshot wound inflicted by Robert Howard on the street at Okmulgee recently. Musselmans and Bolshevist forces are engaged In a deadly conflict at Baku, on the Caspian Sea. According to dispatches to the Moscow newspa pers two thousand persons are be lieved to have been killed and three thousand wounded. Various parts of the town, including entire streets and the Persian bazaar, are burning. Fourteen persons were killed and more than forty others Injured when Entente Allied airplanes raided Co logne recently, according to a dispatch from Amsterdam. ViSGiOUS THRUSTS BLOCK HllflPLAflS Allies Mantain Mastery of Air la Every Sector on the Western Front. GERMAN TROOPS LACK IN DASH Counter Attacks Are Few And Much Weaker Than Formerly Recent Allied Gains Important. Washington, May 22. Striking vic iously at the enemy at various points along the western battle front, meet ing each outburst of German artillery with a thunder cf cannon fire and maintaining the mastery of the air in every sector from the North Sea to the Swiss frontier, the armies of the Entente Allies are preventing the Teu tonic armies from quietly perfecting their preparations for coming battles. With the knowledge that the pass age of each day brings new American legions to help crush the next Ger man offensive, the Allies are finding satisfaction in the fact that the Ger mans have as yet been unable to launch a new blow in the struggle which Berlin had expected to be the decisive one of the war. German Dash Is Gone. For the most part, the Germans have shown but little of their habitual fighting spirit along the line in France. They have been thrust back in four sectors and the Allies have succeeded in winning ground which will be of great importance in the fu ture. The Germans have counter at tacked in only one instance and this movement was carried out so slowly and with such a lack of dash that it was easily broken up before the Teu tons reached the new Allied positions. The attacks by the French, near Locre on the northern side of the Lys salient, and of the Australians before Amiens, which have already been re ported, now appear to have been more successful than was at first under stood. Near Locre, the French have not only taken strongly fortified points, but they have made secure their lines on each side of Hill 44, which they recaptured from the Ger mans recently. The Australians, too, have won ground which is of tactical importance along the Amiens sector. They have gained higher ground which lends itself well to defensive tactics and will be valuable when the time comes for stern battle there. French Make Gain. With the British Army in France, May 21. The success of the whirl wind attack of the French troops who are fighting alongside the British in Flanders has brought about a decided improvement in the allied positions. The French made no attempt to push forward to a great depth and all ob jectives sought were gained. London, May 21. In sharp opera tions around Locre, French troops made an important advance on a front of more than two miles and captured more than 400 prisoners, according to Field Marshal Haigs report from British headquarters in France to night. The text of the statement reads: "During the night French troops carried out successful operations east and northeast of Locre. All their ob jectives were gained on a front of some 4,000 yards and more than 400 prisoners were captured. "Local fighting occurred early this morning north of Alcart aa a result of which a few of our men are miss ing. A party of our troops rushed a German post east of Hebuterne and captured a few - prisoners and two ma chine guns. Hostile Artillery Active. "The hostile artillery has shown considerable activity today with gas shells in the section north of Bethune. "There were violent artillery ac tions in the region of Hangard and south of the Avre. French patrols operating west of Castel captured prisoners. "North of Reims near Bermericourt, French detachments penetrated as far as the third German trenches, carry ing out destructive operations on the enemy's defensive works. They cap tured prisoners, one of whom was an officer, and valuable war materials. "The Germans attempted incursions against the French line in the Van clerc-Chevalier wood region without result. The night was calm on the rest of the front. Raids on Macedonian Front. ' "There was little artillery fighting anywhere along the Macedonian front Saturday except west of Lake Och rida, where the enemy batteries bom barded Pogradets and Mumullshta. Near Henendos, in the Struma region, Greek patrols put enemy detachments to flight. Can't Agree on Revenue Plan. Washington. May 21. Congressional leaders and Secretary McAdoo failed today to agree on whether revenue legislation should be undertaken at this session of Congress and a deci sion was left to a future conference. The New Draft Bill a Law. Washington, May 2L President Wil son today signed the bill for the reg istration for army duty of youths who have become 21 since June 5 last year and who become 21 on June-5 hereaf ter. Registration will occur June 5, An American Cargo Ship Sunk. Washington; May 21. The Ameri can cargo steamer J. G. McCullough has been sunk by a mine or torpedo In foreign waters, the Navy Depart ment today was advised. It was re ported that all hands were saved ex cept Engineer Dcughtry. Mexican Snipers Kill a Soldier. McAUen. Tex, May 21. Sergt. Her bert Ulrich of Kawkawlin, Mich., was killed by a shot from across the Mex ican line near Hidalgo today. Four Mexicans were killed In the return fire. F000 PANIC Oil. Hi GERMANY- Proposed New Bread Ration Causes Apprehension Among All Classes Press Denounces the Ruling. Washington, May 21. Announce ment that the bread ration is to be re duced June 15 has caused grave ap prehension throughout Germany. An official dispatch today from Switzer land says even the governmental press has adopted a tone no less pessi mistic than Uiat of the Socialist pa pers, which foresee a great diminish ing cf the physical and general force which helps In supporting the hard ships of the fourth year of the war. "The government is taking a step which is bound to disturb the life of our war diets, the dispatch quotes from the Berlin Vorwaerts, the lead ing Socialist organ. "Up to now they were distributed in very small quan tities. It seems too dangerous to start in reducing these rations and the danger is still greater In the fourth year of the war than in the second and third when it was easier to obtain other food and when the general con dition of the population was better. The Volkes Freund of Carsruhle says the dispatch, speaks of the sur prise which the German people will feel when they realize they must suf fer new deprivations while they were counting on an improvement of the food situation based on what has been said about the wheat from Ukraine and Rumania. The tone adopted by the govern ment press is no less characteristic. The Norddeutsche Allgeimeine Zei- tung gives a weak expression to the hope that the measure will not en danger resistance of the interior f ronL As to the newspaper Germania, it does not succeed in hiding its des pondency. It says: "We have never been opti mistic, but our pessimism was not great enough. In an effort to imvrove the serious meat situation, the German Military authorities have decided to requisition 100.000 head of cattle and 20.000 pigs in Poland. This, says a Swiss dis patch, has caused a panic among the Poles. SOLDIERS HURT IN A WRECK Eighteen Were Injured and Another Is Missing as Result of Derail ment in Texas. Texarkana, Tex, May 22. One sol dier is missing, eighteen were injured. A. J. McAllister, engineer, was killed and several trainmen badly Injured when a northbound SL Louis South western train was derailed by a bro ken angle bar at Mayton station, just south of Garland, Ark., today. One car, -which it Is feared con tained the missing soldier, went over a trestle Into fifteen feet of water. The engine, baggage car and two coaches were overturned, but did not go over the trestle. The soldiers on the train belonged to the 615th Aerial Squadron. LUFBERRY KILLED IN FRANCE Premier American Flier Meets Death in Air Battle Back of the American Lines. With the American Army In France, May 21. Maj. Raoul Lufbery, who had been regarded as the best aviator in the American air service, was shot down, in France and killed this morn ing by a big German triplane, which he was attacking. Lufbery - jumped from his flaming machine when eight hundred yards above the ground. He had seventeen victories to his credit. The German machine which brought Lufbery down, which wa3 armed with two machine guns with an operator for each piece, apparently escaped. Lufbery's only wound, aside from those received when he crashed to earth, was a bullet hole through the thumb. Apparently the same bullet punctured one of the gasoline t"s of his machine. REORGANIZES AIR SERVICE President Issues Executive Order Un der New Law Creating Separate Bureau of Aeronautics. Washington, May 21. Reorganiza tion of the army air service was com pleted today by President Wilson as his first xt under the new law per mitting him to readjust government departments. In an .executive order he directed that the air service be di vorced "from the signal corps and the functions cf producing and operating aircraft be separated. The order creates a bureau of air craft production, which "shall exer cise full, complete and exclusive juris diction and control over the produc tion of airplanes, airplane engines and aircraft equipment for the use of the army," under a director of aircraft production, who shall also be chair man of the aircraft board. This gives full legal status and power to John D. Ryan, recently appointed director of aircraft production. Would Draft Government Clerks. Washington. May 20. A bill to re quire military service of all govern ment clerks of draft age and their re placement by women or men not of draft age was Introduced today by Senator Williams of Mississippi. U. S. Leads in Silk Making. Washington. May 20. The United States has become the silk manufac turing center of the world as a result of the war, which has stimulated the manufacture cf silk here wnj in the Far East at the expense of Europe. Hold Another Nonpartisan Man. Fargo, N. D, May 20 J. W. Erin ton of St. Paul, general manager of the Consumers United Stores Company, a Nonpartisan League enterprise, was placed under arrest In Fargo today by 8 United States marshal, charged with violation of the Espionage Act. Tornado Hits Nebraska Town. Norfolk, Neb.. May 20. A tornado is reported to have caused one or more deaths and destruction of one church and . several buildizgs at Ne ligh, Neb, last night - COOK PROVED HERO His Deed of Bravery Deserves to Be Recorded. Joseph Marcio's Saving of Comrade Washed Overboard Proof That Courage in Navy Is Not Con fined to the Fighters. Many brave things have been dona by the men of these hard-driven Amer ican ships, and one of them stands out superbly, writes Ralph D. Paine in the Saturday Evening Post. It was the rescue of, a man overboard in the midst of a storm. This vessel was caught out In it while on convoy duty, and heiv survival was little short of a miracle. The French marines called, it the worst blow the Bay of Biscay, had seen in eight years. Its violence' was that of a hurricane, with a wind velocity approaching a hundred miles an hour, such a storm as would have sorely pounded and damaged a great Atlantic liner. The ship was. more or less knocked into kindling wood, both masts broken off and rolled out of her, all three boats, smashed and carried away, decks gut ted, life rails splintered, compartments, flooded. The ship was rolling 55 de-' grees, or almost flat on her side, and' when she plunged, more than half the length of her keel was in the air. In the midst of it the steering gear jam-j med and the ship was likely to broach; to and founder unless It could be clear-; ed. The chief quartermaster. E. IL Robertson, volunteered for the job and was presently washed overboard," carried off to leeward on the back of; a roaring sea. j There was not one chance In a mil-' lion of saving him. He was as good as', dead, and vanished. The ship was run-i ning before the storm and a quarterj of an hour passed before she could be; brought to, a very dangerous maneu-i ver. which again swept her clean. The quartermaster had not gone down, but was visible on the lee bow, swimming with the courage of a man who re fuses to surrender to the inevitable. Lines were thrown to him, but he was unable to reach them. Even If the boats had not been smashed It would have been Impossible to launch one. A life raft was shoved over, and It floated toward Robertson so that be could clutch it and hang on. This was merely to prolong his ag ony, however, for be could do nothing more to help himself. He had been in the water 17 minutes, buffeted, strang led, freezing. The month was Decem ber, the temperature of the sea 36 de grees. Among those who looked on and pitied the exhausted man who had made such a plucky fight of it was the ship's cook, Joseph Marcio. His realm of pots and pans being wrecked and awash, he turned his attention to this affair of the drowning quartermaster. Knotting a line about his middle and making no fuss about It he jumped in to the sea and swam to Robertson, a veritable porpoise of a sea cook with a soul as big as all outdoors. The ship had some way on her and could not be wholly stopped. It hap pened, therefore, that when the cook grabbed the quartermaster they were slowly towed through the seas. The strain was terrific and the rope nearly cut the cook in two, but he clung to his man until they were fetched alongside and hauled aboard together. . The quartermaster was unconscious, and the cook also collapsed on deck, but was thawed out with no serious damage. This Joseph Marcio was promoted to the rating of chief com missary steward In recognition of the deed and was recommended for the gold life-saving medal of the navy de partment. What Every Dramatic Critic Knows. No matter how strong the assurance of his editor that he may go as far as he pleases In telling the truth, the dra matic critic knows that even the edi tor himself is in fear of the dread sum mons from the business office. If the critic has had any experience in the newspaper business, no longer a pro fession, he writes what he pleases, bat with his subconscious mind tempering justice with mercy for the enterprises of the theatrical advertiser. This, of course, does not preclude bis giving a critical tone to what he writes by finding minor defects and even flay ing unimportant artists. But woe be unto him If he launches into any gen eral denunciation of theatrical meth ods, or attacks the enterprise of the ad vertising manager In a way that Im perils profits. James S. Metcalfe, In the Atlantic Clark's Day Dream. In an address In Washington some time ago Speaker Clark said, accord ing to the Pathfinder, that If he should suddenly find himself possessed of the wealth of a Rockefeller tie first thing he would do would be to establish a publishing house In St, Louis. Mo. "Then." he said, Td publish an un abridged dictionary, with words pro nounced the way the people of the country pronounce them, and put it on the market to compete with those com posed by somebody up in a garret wbo'a trying to make people here talk like those In England. "The next thing Fd do would be to have a real history of the United States composed and published under my supervision. In it I would give the people who have done ttfcgs credit.- Botanical Wonder. The oldest botanical work in the world Is sculptured on the walls of a room In the great Temple of Karnak at Thebes, Egypt. It represents foreign plants brought home by an Egyptian sovereign, Thothmes HI, on his return from a" campaign In Arabia, says the Family Herald. The sculptures show not only the plant or tree, but tie leaves, fruit and seed pods separately, after the fashion of modern treatises - The Uniform Wen Her ApprovaL "Why, daughter, you never told before that you loved this yoxms canl "Well, mother, I dldnt know it myself until yesterday. I never saw him with a uniform cn before." Toni ers Statesman.