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THE HAYS rSEE PHES3
o Naval Overseas Service t L: AK5jt . v Will Provide Crews For I'sziA" " " r" f: - , "nj Hundreds of American r"' -'UasWaa-i'- -- Ships After the War a "Vr ROM 12 oil tankers in the autumn . - V J 7) ' f of 1917 to a fleet of more than 150 " f S 7K A cargo ships of all kinds in July, ' p , A V '7 1918, This emphasizes the marvel- A v f ?::;;;I ? iA .v' ous growth of the naval overseas A . - " f X X transportation service In less than l , , l Sf"" TSS' one year. It f- ; ? ; l j&S& W&sSsM From a fleet of more than 150 U f j . V-y f&& rXfSS kXiJ cargo ships of all kinds in July, j. , fZZ -fer- n"L j " 1918, to a vast armada of 1,500 in &;,: - ! ' . fyHt SL"' This epitomizes the predicted growth . t f v? A- -C July, 1919. in the service in coming year. From a vast armada of 1,500 ships of all kinds in July, 1919, to the world's greatest merchant marine for all time to come." This epitomizes the devout hope of every man in the transportation service. The naval overseas transportation service is an outgrowth of the recruiting for class No. 3 of the naval reserve. It developed early in the autumn of last year when the urgent need for military supplies impressed the navy department with the necessity of giving separate entity to the operation of cargo ships. There now are 1,700 officers and 11,000 men In this branch of the navy's service. A commander of tlie navy is supervisor of the entire naval overseas transportation service, with headquarters at Washington. The New York division is under the supervision of a naval lieu tenant. The great conflict raging In Europe has been described as a war of transportation. It is gen erally conceded that the war cannot be won with out the American army. But the American army at home is more than 3,000 miles from the front. The problem of winning the war resolves itself, therefore, into one of transportation, To remedy the weak points in this means of communication the navy overseas transportation service was es tablished. Thus far from a small beginning it has overcome what for a while appeared to be insurmountable obstacles, and it is doing a work that for importance and efficiency is second to none In the army or navy. For every man that the United States sends to the front about four deadweight tons of ship ping must be set aside to maintain him. To send him across without thus providing for his exis tence would be nothing short of a crime. It is the duty of the navy overseas transportation serv ice to see that there is an incessant flow of sup plies to that man. Any Interruption through lack of shipping or men to man ships would be dis astrous. Besides supplying the troops at the front, it Is the duty of the transportation service to fetch necessities to the United States from other coun tries. Navy vessels are used to bring hemp, ni trates, manganese and chrome. Coal Is trans ported to Important manufacturing points In New England to relieve railroad congestion.. American destroyers running about at high speed in European waters are in constant need of fuel oil, which must be supplied by the trans portation service from the oil fields of the United States or Mexico. All other sources of supply are controlled by Germany. Already the United States has in Europe more than 1,000,000 men. By the end of next year there probably will be 3,000,000 men on the other side. This, reckoning-four deadweight tons for each man, will mean that America will have to provide 12.000,000 tons of shipping to supply these men. Charles M. Schwab, director of the shipping board, has said that he is going to build 10,000,000 deadweight tons of ships in the coming year. The aim of the transportation service Is to be ready to man and operate all or any of the new ships. If the service can have the necessary ad vance notice as to personnel requirements there need be no hitch from this standpoint in the number of troops sent over. They will be amply provided for after they arrive and they will be brought back home at the close of the war. The question of manning this enormous array of ships seems to be about solved by Edward H. Hurley, chairman of the shipping board, who is reported to have requested the secretary of the navy to begin at once the training of 22,000 offi cers and 200,000 men to man the merchant ma rine. It thus appears as If the navy may be asked to man not only the war-zone ships, but those plying among American seaports and to North and South American ports. Naval officers would not be surprised if it should mean eventually the manning by the navy of coal barges and tow boats. I About 100 companies owned the American mer chant marine at the time the United States en tered the war. Enormous profits were made In the transportation of essentials by water. Any old tub that would float was worth almost her weight in gold. Many abandoned ships 'were re paired and put into service. Some were raised from the ocean, where -they had lain for years, and were rebuilt. Coastwise steamships were put into ocean service. Schooners and off -shore barges took the place of the coastwise vessels. America had at the beginning of the war about 3,000,000 deadweight tons of shipping. Only 70 per cent of this was available for ocean travel. In addition to any submarine losses America may suffer she will have to provide perhaps 12, 000,000 tons to supply the troops overseas and about 3,000,000 tons for coastwise, West Indian and South American trade. The navy overseas transportation service started operations last autumn. Its first act was to take over 12 oil tankers to supply ships with fuel oil. In the emergency It was necessary hur riedly to commission the skippers who had been running ships under civilian auspices, put them Into lieutenant commanders' uniforms and send them on their way, with a book of navy regula tions. It is not strange that in the circumstances the average new reserve officer was more or less "in the air." The service, starting in New York and Nor folk, was extended to Philadelphia. It now Is expected that 30 additional offices will soon, be opened, including those on the other side of the Atlantic. The navy overseas transportation serv ice must not only operate its ships, but it must see that they are operated at their maximum efficiency. They must be loaded in record time. They must carry record cargoes. They must go across In record time. They must arrive on the other side in safety. The sinking of one ship would mean not only the loss of the cargo she was carrying at the time, but of all other cargoes that she might have been called upon to carry on other trips. Officers of the service figure that If by Im proved efficiency in the engine room they can run ten ships across the ocean at one knot better speed than that at which inferior engine-room crews would put them over, one ship has been created. In like manner, if they can put an ad ditional 10 per cent of cargo on each of the ten ships an additional ship has been created. The transportation officers figure also that night and day a ship costs about $100 an hour. In other words, every hour saved to a ship is $100 gained. A battle may be lost to the allies through the sinking of a cargo ship. In the matter of defense of cargo ships at sea the service places particular stress upon these four elements: A sharp lookout, ability to maneuver, speed and guns. "Expectation of life" is increased 300 per cent by guns on merchant men. They force the submarine to operate under the surface of the water, where its speed Is slower and its deck guns are useless. The situation today in New York and the other ports of embarkation in regard to the operation of ships Is more or less complicated. Not the navy alone is operating ships, but the shipping board, the quartermaster's department and the navy supply department. Besides this, the ship ping board assigns ships to private owners to operate, and certain ships manned by the navy are assigned to private owners. The general opin ion with regard to these ships seems to be that, under current labor conditions, navy recruiting offers the best means and the -only real guaran tee for manning most of the great new fleet of cargo ships under construction. There has been a disposition In certain quar ters o belittle the cargo-ship service. The no tion prevails that there is no romance In some of the old tramp ships being used in this service. In answer It is shown by -the men In the service that it is not only the most useful but the most interesting service In the war. Outside of the destroyers, the men-o'-war carry ing freight probably will be the only warships that will see active service In this combat. As a clinching argument, this service is about the only one that is constructive and not destructive. It is laying the foundation for a great American merchant marine after -the war. That America did not have an immense mer chant marine at the outbreak of the war was due to several causes. Confederate raiders dealt it a severe blow. Metal ships and the " development of railroads followed. Then came the blocking in congress of all legislation for such a merchant marine. The La Follette act was the blow that killed the project. The transportation pressure due to America's, entry into the war brought the realization of the Inadequacy of the number of American officers in the merchant marine. As the first step toward supplying the deficiency, a great school was es tablished at Pelham Bay for the training of deck officers. In addition to the valuable nucleus of young officers already given to the naval reserve from this school, accommodations have been pro vided on a greatly enlarged scale for thousands more. Here the men take two months intensive practical and theoretical training, followed by twq months of real experience at sea. The cadets get a taste of the real sea aboard more than 100 coastwise steamships. Engineer officers are trained at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, where men with M. E. degree or its equivalent receive Inten sive training in marine engineering. Thousands of men are being trained for the naval auxiliary reserve at the Great Lakes (111.) station. All men turned out by these schools are as much a part of the navy as if they had been grad uated from Annapolis. All of tlese future offi cers are American citizens and will form the natural nucleus of a great merchant marine. All navy crews on merchant ships for the du ration of the war were advocated by the navy early in the conflict. It was the belief that all such ships should be placed under the strictest discipline; that with permanent crews, efficiency aboard ship would be increased; that the ships would be self-sustaining, in that the crew would be able to make all repairs; that the loading and unloading could be more efficiently done, and that several hundred thousand Americans would join the service, where it was believed they would remain after the war. It was the idea of the service that by this means the love of the sea would be planted again in the American heart. 1 Men who once had a sniff of the salt air would probably never be satisfied to go back to the cities or farms. They would form the nucleus of a 100 per cent merchant marine. In the beginning nobody wanted a government- controlled cargo service. Steamship owners feared it meant federal control. The navy had only about 2.G00 officers and most of these were needed to aid the 20,000 reserve force to break in the 200,000 new enlisted men. Gradually, as has been stated, the manning and operation of the merchant ships devolved upon the navy and the overseas transportation service was organized to handle it. In some quarters it Is believed that the entire work of manning and operating cargo ships should be turned over to the navy. Danger of strikes among civilian crews is feared. Ships carrying , cargo in time of war should not, it is thought, be rated as private property of any in dividual or company. They must not be in the hands of men who are working for money only. Illiterate men, anarchists, socialists and the dis-loj-al may become members of mercantile crews, whereas only men who are Intelligent and physic ally fit may become soldiers or seamen of the nation. Soldiers work for $30 a month and the sense of duty alone. Merchant seamen receive today $90 a month or more and extra pay for overtime and Sundays, and they are not under any obligation to remain at sea. At the outbreak of the war there were 5,000 Germans in the American merchant marine. Sixty per cent of the members of the Seamen's union are said to be foreigners. As the service was run under antewar conditions it was Im possible to hire Americans and the class of for eigners who would work on these ships was large ly undesirable. Strikes are said to be likely at any time aboard ships manned by foreign laborers. An Incident is cited In which the crew of a freighter, bound to Europe with a cargo of essentials for our sol diers, refused to obey the commander's order to assist in getting up ammunition when submarines were reported ahead, on the ground that it was Sunday, and the La Follette law provided only for watch duty on Sunday. On another occasion a civilian crew demanded overtime for performing on Sunday a certain duty provided by law. Civilian 6allors of cargo ships have been caught in the act of signaling to enemy submarines, and fireroom forces have bolted for the deck upon the sounding of an alarm of danger. Ships manned with naval officers and crews are safe from strikes and mutiny. Efficiency and competent operation are certain. On two or three occasions civilian crews that have struck hare been instantly supplanted by navy men and the ship carried through with Its precious cargo for the American men at the front. Some students of naval strategy are of the opinion that a great part of the United States navy might be sunk without to any great extent affecting the result of the war, but If the cargo ships do not get across the war is lost to the allies. . Democracy in Barracks "As I write, says Harold Htus, whose interesting "Barrack Bits," In Everybody's for August, gives us a glimpse cf the writer's companions at work and play In the quartermaster corps, "a boy from New York stands beside me In cool, clean pajamas and swagger lounging slippers, while across the table an Oklahoma cowboy laboriously spells out the legends on rtoons of a Sunday co c Th lad in the far end of the barracks told me this afternoon that he, a boy so prano, sang In Chicago's Orchestra hall, a- scant half dozen years ago. An actor who enlisted in Milwaukee is talking to a young California at torney, and an electrical engineer is playing checkers with a Pennsylvania brewer. They stood formations to gether today, they drilled and went on fatigue detail together ; shortly, lights will go out and they will sleep together. One of them, I know, used to hear a professor of philosophy in a mldwestern university quote and repeat and dilate upon: 'I am a part of all that I have met. - And what a variety he is meeting in barracks I" Indications of Long Life. A long-lived person it is said,, may be distinguished at sight from a short lived one. The primary conditions of longevity are that the heart, lungs and digestive organs, as well as the brain, shall be large. If these organs are large the trunk will be long and the limb3 comparatively short. The person will appear tall while sitting and short while standing. The hand will have a long and somewhat heavy palm, with short fingers. The brain will be deeply placed, as shown by the low position of the orifice of the ear. The bice, brown or.hazel eye is a favorable indication. The nostrils. If large, open and free, indicate large lungs. A pinched and half-closed nostril indicates small or weak iunzs. These are general points of distinction, but are, of course, sub ject to Lie usual Individual exceptions. Eehoboth Sunday Herald. Get New Kidneys ! The kidneys are the most overworked organs of the human body, and when thev fail in their work of fUterinjj out and throwing olf the poisons developed in the system, things begin to happen. One of the first warnings is pain or sti3 ness in the lower part of the back; highly colored urine; loss of appetite; indiges tion; irritation, or even stone in the blad der. These symptoms indicate a condition that may lead to that dreaded and fatal malady, Bright'a disease, for which there is said to be no care. Do not tlelay a minute. At the first in dication of troable in the kidney, liver, bladder or urinary organs Vtart taking Gold Medal Ilaarl em Oil Capsules, and save yourself before it is too late. Instant treatment is necessary in kidney and blad der troubles. A delay is often fatal. You can almost certainlv find immediate relief in Gold Medal Haarlem Oil Capsules. For more than 200 years this famous prep aration has been an unfailing remedy for all kidney, bladder and urinary troubles. It is the pure, original Haarlem Oil your great-grandmother used. About two cap sules each day will keep you toned up and feeling fine. Get it at any drug store, and if it does not give you almost immediate relief, your money will be refunded. Be fure you get the GOLD MEDAL brand. None other genuine. In boxes, three sizes. Adv. Much useless argument might be avoided if people would candidly ad mit their ignorance. Lots of men have so much genius that they are unable to do anything but sit in the shade and think about it. - Incombustible Celluloid. Great interest has been aroused by the announcement that a professor In one of the Japanese universities has Invented a successful Incombustible substitute for relluloid, to be manufac tured from soya bean cake. The new product has been given the trade name of "Satolite,- derived from the name of the inventor, Frof. S. Sato, and a company for its manufacture has been started with a capital of 2,000.000 yen (n.000,000). Satolite is descrived as a galalith made of gluclne and soya bean, coagu lated by formalin. A Correction. "When a Boche finds himself In a tight place he warbles out 'Kamerad, Tve got a wife and three children.' Then one of our boys sings out; 'You're a damned liar. You've got a widow and three orphans. From a Soldier's Letter to the Knobnoster Gem. nJ OTHERS from colds by csing i Utrf Sod-. -Guani ' NEW PRICES SO? 60? Accounted For. "The young officer over there loks like he was submerged in this crowd." , "Naturally; he's a sub marine. A friend in need seldom hesitates to teil you so. Hay Fever-Catarrh Prompt Relief Guaranteed f SCHIFFMANM'S I CATARRH BALM I Puts a ... Stop to all CURES THE SICK And prevents others having: the disease no matter how exposed. Consumers may order direct from the manu facturers. Send remittance with your order, 0 cents and $L15 a bottle: 15.50 and 311.00 the doxen. delivered. . SPOHX MEDICAL CO, Mtn. GMfcea. Iad XT. S. A. & k I UklSLC 11 Avoid Oparatioias Mrs. Etta Dcrion, of OgdensBurg, WI, says: I suffered from female troubles which caused piercing pains like a knife through my back and side. I finally lost all my strength so I had to go to bed. The doctor advised an operation but I would not listen to it. I thought of what I had read about Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and tried it The first bottle brought great relief and six bottles have entirely cured me All women who have female trouble of any Kind should try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound." How Mrs. Boyd Avoided an Operation Canton, Ohio. "I suffered from a female trouble -which caused me mucn suuenng, ana two aociors asciaea I would Lave to go through an operation Deiore l couia cet welL My mother, "who had been helped by Lydia Pink- ham 8 vegetable uompouna, auvisea ma w iry n. be fore submitting u an operation, as kucycu me ivm my troubles so I can ao my nouse wort wimoui any CLiiiiCTuty. l aaYise any woman w no nuut iu female troubles to give Lydia is. nnK nam's v ege- table Compound a trial ana it wui ao as mucn Vom -r,-o rTTP; "Rr-vr 1421 Rtb. Rt If. E., Canton, Ohio. Everij Sick "Woman Shd j! Befogs A k ir xTj v iiai " r mm i Submitting To An Operationir m tyglA g.PINCHAM MCPlCINg CO. LYK H.MAS S V 1 : ' ' ";; . " ..- - ' :" "-,T " - Yoim Are Bylsg By 7hea yon have Heartburn, Gas, Bloat, and that Foil Feeling after eating. TAKE ONE f ) (F0R YOUR STOMACH'S SAKE) Get rid of the Overload and Excess Acid and you will fairly feel the GAS driven oct of your body THE BLOAT GOES WITH IT. IT GIVES YOU REAL STOMACH COMFORT Cet EATONIC from year DruggUt with th DOUBLE GUARANTEE Barf far ttx-H" But. Titirti B m i WlQ- Sfc Wb CVrci.in. etsCWr New Turkish Attitude. "Why would you hate to be a Ger man?" " "There are a number of reasons." "Name one." "Well, for one thing, I would hate to have a Turk strutting around and re garding himself as considerably less of a barbarian than I was." Birming ham Age-Herald. r? f AfRTFQ aol rTitiemajj'i country home op raiiiwads neu Wturrton tor Mia. J. LfcO KUUh Washington, U. C. Kansas Cify Directory 'ABEUO Important to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for Infants and children, and see that It Bears the Signature of i In Use for Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria Pretty, but Costly. New York fiancees of soldiers are wearing "sweetheart lockets" the most expensive are made of silver and , platinum studded with diamonds cen tered with a sapphire service star. The locket contains a tiny frame for "his" picture. When You Use Yoa Ran No Risk. BEST FEED for Cattle. Hogs and Sheep Has been tried and stood the test. Write or csll for prices snd further information. TARJQO MOLASSES FEED CO. 561.7 Lrrs Stock ExcUarc Kansas Citr. Mo. j Ple&ting, Embroidery ! Buttons, Buttonhole. Hemstitchis;, E raiding-. 7 ttcSjUopiE g, ren nan ta. Ektomrrt, Petticoat and B'sirta. Bend tor-cataioc-oe. 1120 Walnwt Street. KANSAS CITY. MO. BICE ARTIFICIAL COMPACT rvaywnmcTSHKH , m ll'l t ?(" ! Or 918 1IAXX 8TBEET. KAXSAS CITY. HO. Tj American Millwork 1113 1 enperior ia Quality. Do not b I ttiaed wiih. uiythlug except lLo j American &&h &. Door Co. Kansas Citr. Mo. in. I, .j Inquire at you local i ember j-art State of Ohio, City of Tcleflo. LocaJ County s a. Frank J. Cheney makes cath that he Is senior partner of the firm cf F. 3. Cheney Co., dole? business In the City of To ledo. County and State aforesaid, and that aaid firm -will pay the sum of OXE HUN DRED DOLLARS for any case cf Catarrh that cannot be cured by the use of HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE." FRANK J. CHENET. Bworn to before me and .subscribed In my presence, this eth day of December, A. T. 15S3. fSe&I) A. TV. Gleaaon, TJotary Public. HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE Is tak en Internally and acts throurh the Blood on the Mucous Surfaces cf the Systesa. -Drug-gists. 76c Testimonials free. F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio. Want jn Y .?ffi, - 14 Prsirle We buy f. o. b. yonr track or -will handle on commission. Write ns what you hare to offer. 765-67 Live Stock Exchange, Kansas Civ. Mo. FARMERS a FEEDERS SHIP YOtB CATTLE-HOGS-SHEEP to Cbaa. Dixon Commission Co. Harket reports free. Kaasas City S look Yaros Boom 350 Live Stock Exchange SHIP YOUR EMPTY FEED r Cr to BEMLS BRO. BAG CO. KANSAS CITY. MO. EUppIng taga seat free on redoes. Sure Proof. "Is he very much In love with his bride? "Well, he eats her war bread without a complaint. Cor. 10Ut and Broadway Kizsu City Coates House Take Broadway ear at Union Depot BOOMS tl.00 AND UP wnsi 30c AND TTP Soropeaa first Class fireproof Garage Car to Stock Tarda W. H. OWENS and SAM B. CAKPBEXX, Krs. GRAD T i an HAY SHI? TO FOWLER COMHISSION CO. Established 1SS0 17.18 Board of Trade, Kansas City. Ma. TIE2ES ON SALE la orgr to redces cat trgnwmSotts stock cf Bed EHae epeial tread ur wseffr at tw owirea: I-xi lUv: xi. S-xia. Ci?i tS: Vtx?-, i;Slxa,C;xt,Sil: Fit. r.i; Mi 4. rt a: zw. aiaii or&era t U1 prua.pt: y. AD A TIKE CO., lac 1821 Grand Ave. -t City.liA, Wrile Us Se!or Selling Yar WHEAT HODGSON-DAVIS GRAIN COMPANY Heceivexs of pram on consignment. Orders for fntnre dsii'rerles. Cora for feeders. 12-13 Eoracf InitEit. STa3" luasQj.Ca. WAIiTED CREAM BUYERS Liberal Commission Paid Write for oar proposition AMERICAN BUTTER CO. 540 Walseat Street KAK5A5 CITY. HO. Skin Troubles That ItcH Burn and disfigure Quietly soothed and healed, by hot baths with. Cntl ccra Soap and gentle anointing? of Car tJcnra Ointment. For free cam plea. address, "Cnticnra, Dept. X, Boston." Sold bj druggists and by mall. Scap 25, Ointment 25 and CO. AdT. Lots of high steppers overstep them selves. Oprraaay make3 a bread without flour. . Renevs Fnmiturs and Fleers AUTO MOBILE TIRES Cat c t f-'l 3r. sad pressetto CCL-O-VAB deader Xur M'a-Sk IF.IAI. aiss can i ena direct to ns. ZvsH Faist & Glass Co, IsAsTactsrer &AT.SA3 CTX 1XTT?T7 T? PT A TP TTin :U I end RETREADING :- Stzx Hand Mads Tires Writs as IRs-tfS tcaU la, IAa&AS CXT. fes. STOVE REPAIRS TO 3. TOCS OU) COCK STOVE, HEATER, FURHACS tt jxrax local dealer does sofc aands vox repair writ ns. noovrr; stove rzpasi co. W.20taSU JUnacs Cty. Ue. V. N. U, KANSAS CITY, NO.