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Experiment Station Notes.
... Is the Hessian Fly in Your Wheat? The Hessian fly has not given much! trouble here the last two years, but in 1916, it was yery bad in Ellis county. Mr. A. H. Beyer of the U. S. Bureau of Entomology was at the Fort Hays Experiment Station looking for the fly this week. He found some evidence of the fly in the station's wheat, but does not report it present in dangerous num bers. What the Fly Looks Like. The Hessian fly in the course of its development passes through four differ ent stages adult, egg, maggqt, tmd flaxseed. These stages differ so great ly that one would not suspect any rela io&ship between them. The adult fly is a small, long-legged, dark-colored in set, resembling a mosquito. The tiny reddisd eggs are usually deposited in the grooves on the upper surfaces of the leaves. They are so small and in conspicuous as to be barely visible to the naked eye, and resemble wheat rust in its early stages. The maggots are whitish in color and are found between the leaf sheath and the stalk, either at the crown or at one of the joints. The flaxseed, or resting stage, is the one with which many farmers are most ac quainted. It is the reddish-brown stage found In the late fall or after harvest just above tne crown or at the nodes of the plant. In size, shape and color it has considerable resemblance to a flax seed, and hence the name. Sorghums vs Corn. A variety of corn adapted to local conditions was planted, each year from 1914 to 1918 inclusive, on upland at Hays in the same field with the sor ghum varieties. Albright's white Dent was used in 1914, Minnesota No. 13 in 1915, 1916, and 1917, and Bloody Butch er in 1918. Corn usually came up uni f ormly and grew rapidly early in the season, but later on it always suffered more from grasshoppers and hot winds than did any of the sorghums. Corn produced an average forage yield but one-third to two-fifths as heavy as that of the best sorghums; it yielded only one paying grain crop in the five years namely in 1915 when growing condi tions were unusually favorable. Salt Bindweed Patches. baiting small areas of not to exceed a few square rods has been found very important way of keeping bind weed from spreading at the Fort Hays Experiment Station. It takes at least ten tons to the acre and twenty tons is surer. This means a pouud of salt to each square foot of bindweed area. Salt keeps the land from raising anything for several years. This is better, though, than to let the bindweed spread. Ik is not practical to salt large fields of bindweed land. These sometimes raise fair crops of broodcast or drilled sorghum, but other crops usually fail. A Campaign Against Pocket Gophers In order to get rid of the gophers that do so much injury especially in alfalfa fields, the Fort Hays Experi ment Station is co-operating with Mr. C G. Deuber, a government special ist on such pests, in organizing a gop her 'campaign for Ellis, Rush and Trego counties. Supt. Weeks and Mr. Deuber began this work, Monday, March 31. Good Saint Patrick drove the snakes from Ireland. The day of Saint Pat rick is gone but in his place are mod em men who wish to help Kansas farmers rid their fields and crops of the pocket gopher. Years ago these little animals liv ed on the virgin prairies and upturn ed the soil. They were the means of the first mixing of the soil. Now their days of usefulness have passed from the plains to seek their "Happy Hunt ing Ground.' The gopher seems to think that your farm still belongs to him. In many counties of Kansas, the gopher has done enough damage to build a very fine school building. An ordin ary runway made by a gopher often equal3 as much as a mile. Think of leaving these subterranean passages on your farm; the mounds of earth thrown up all over it, and your alfalfa ruined. Don't Pay Taxes Twice. Poison Prairie Dogs xjvery larmer in tnis county wno has a prairie dog town on his land pays taxes twice. This sounds funny, does't it? But it is true. Kansas farmers pay taxes once to the as sessor and again to the Prairie Dogs. C. G. Deuber, of the U. S. Biological Survey, who is co-operating with the Fort Hays Experiment Station in a prairie dog poisoning campaign, ex plains this pest's damage as follows: It has been estimated that in badly infested areas each "acre will contain 25 of these animals. A quarter sec tion of land at this rate would have 2000. On pasture lands 32 of these animals will eat as much as one sheep and 258 of them will eat as much as one cow. 2000 of these creatures are equal to 8 cows. When you feed a cow you get some of it back in meat, hides or tallow, yet you get ab solutely nothing from the Prairie Dog. In Kansas, now, there are over two and one half millions acres of land oc cupied by animals that take every thing and give nothing. What are you going to do about it? Superintendent Weeks, District Agricultural Agent Willoughby and Mr. Deuber will hold a series of de monstrational meetings on getting rid of these undesirable tenants. The schedule is now being planned for a three weeks campaign in "May and June, in Ellis, Trego and Rush count ies.1 A new prepared poison bait can be secured at cost from the Fort Hays Experiment Station at 20c per quart. Important Postal Regulations alter City Delivery is Established. Weekly newspapers mailed for local delivery by city letter carriers will be subject to postage at the rate of one cent a pound. Newspapers other than weeklies (without regard to weight) and period icals not exceeding two ounces in weight, mailed for local delivery by city letter carriers, will be subject to postage at the rate of one cent each, to be prepaid by stamps affixed. "Drop letters shall be mailed at the rate of two cents per ounce or fraction thereof, including delivery at letter- carrier bffices," and you are informed mat "urop letters mailed at your office addressed for local delivery. whether by carrier or through the post office boxes or general delivery, or for deliveryfon rural routes are changeable with postage at the rate of two cents an onnce or fraction of an ounee. Third Assistant Postmaster General. flay Day Fete. 'The American Committee for Devast ated Frank has suggested that the children's May Day Festival all over the country should in this year of Peace, 1919, be celebrated as a Franco-Amer ican Fete Day for the purpose of laying the foundation of friendship between the growing generations of the two Re publics. A telegram sent to Governor Allen of Kansas, asking his sanction of this plan throughout Kansas, brought this answer; " . '.Fully sanction your suggestion as to May Day." (signed) Henry J. Allen. The American Committee, of which Hon. Myron T. Herrick is President, wiil send a request to the Board of Ed ucation in the cities of Kansas, with the outline of a programme for the May Day Fete. Children will be told the story of La fayette and Rochambeau; the Amer ican May Queen will have a companion French May queen; the Marseillaise and the Star Spangled Banner will be sung; and the flags of the two coun tries carried at the May Day party. If the children of a city or village in America wish to send a message to the children of a city or village in France, the American Committee will transmit the message by cable without charge. Any information concerning the de tails of the Franco-American children's celebration will be furnished later by the Publicity Committee of the Amer ican Committee for Devastated France, 16 East 39th Street, New York City, "State Sunday School Convention" Announcement is made of a wide spread concert of action throughout the State whereby the Sunday-schools of the state will send large delegations of fficers and teachers and ministers by automobile to the annual State Sunday School Convention to be at Wichita, 6-8, 1919. The extensive covered wheat show enclosure - is placed at the disposal of the management for the safe storage of automobiles. Ducks Eating Wheat John Donovan, near Red Wing, ha3 an eight acre field that is about to be ruined by the depredations of myriads of wild ducks Other fields in that vicin ity and near the Cheyenne Bottoms are being badly damaged in the same way. The recent heavy snows have put a lot of water in the Bottoms and ducks are there by the thousands.Flocks can be seen flying in that direction al most any day or any time of day. The wheat' fields furnish the only food for the ducks aad they are going after the green fields on every hand. Reports say that at times, when a flocks rises from a field, the sun is hid as if by a cloud. Meanwhile, there is a federal law a gainst shooting dncks in the spring, alhough the woods are full of ardent lovers of duck shooting, they most sit back and leave the farmers to the mer cy of the fierce swarms of ducks or break a federal law if they shoot any. The farmer is practically helpless as he is not allowed to use a gun and even if he throws clods or roeks at the ducks, he may kill one accidently and run a- gainst the game warden. About all he can do is to set scarecrows or wave a clud at the bird3 to scare them away. If they should attack him, his case is hopeless, as he i3 not allowed even to defend himself. Claflin Item in Hois ington Dispatch. The London Times. The London Times was founded on January 1, 17S8, by John Walter, who started a small newspaper, originally called The Daily Universal Register, the first number of which was issued on January 1, 17S5. This was really, though not in name, the first number Of The Times. The 940th number. which appeared on January 1, 1788, was for the first time entitled The Times, or Daily Universal Register, but the second title was dropped on March 15 of that year, eince which the pacer has been known as The Times. Good Advice. If you're a good citizen you will be more concerned -about toot nntrirm- tion to the world than you will be about what the world thinks about It. It's the fellow - who can forget what the world may think, in the desire to give the world the best, who really de serves praise. Forget the 'unkind Words and dismiss thp slichtintr nra of people about you. 'Censor all that you hear for the good that's in It and profit -by the result. You will be far more comfortable and the world will hear from you. - Raining "Cats and Dogs." In England the male blossoms of the willows are called "cats and dogs" and a rainstorm would shake them off and strew them on the ground. Hence arose the expression "raining cats and dogs. 1A CHERISHED KISS By MIRABEL LEE. (Copyright, 1918, bj Western Newspaper Union.) A series of rapid occurrences aroused Walter Adsit from the hum drum career of an average young man, and within a week tested ingenuity, courage and the timber he was made of in a signally exciting way. He had dallied In the train shed of a big railroad to wave a departing adieu to a friend just as another train pulled in. He stood for a moment, casually watching the passengers alight. "Oh, Harry! I am so glad! and from the hand of a daintily dressed miss a suit case dropped Impulsively, a pair of arms encircled his neck and right on his lips a kiss was Imprinted. Then, with a dismayed cry, the be stower of the precious favor flushed scarlet and incoherently stammered: "I thought It was my brother I " Her embarrassment was relieved as a man approached her, and Walter started away, lifting his cap, not one bit sorry for the mistake, but too much of a gentleman to remain and further confuse the young lady. "This Is Miss Ward," he heard the man say, as he tendered a card to the young lady which she glanced at casu ally and listened closely to an evident explanation. She picked up her suit case and with the man walked through the gates and out upon the side depot platform. He signaled a cab and helped the young lady Into it. She dropped something white as she crossed the platform. Walter picked It up. It was a printed card, bearing the name, "Harry Ward," and an ad dress. A shriek echoed out. It was followed by a crash. As the vehicle whizzed around a corner there was a clatter of glass as the pane In the door was pushed through. Walter ran to the corner. The cab was, proceeding more rapidly. As it passed under an electric lamp he caught a full view of the face of the driver. "I'd know him again," soliloquized Walter, and "and I wonder what this all means?" Within half an hour he was at the address given by the card a respectable boarding house. "Mr. Ward? Yes, sir," spoke the maid who answered his summons. "He is ill, but I think he can see you." She led Walter up a flight of stairs, tapped at a door and left him to his own de vices. "Come In," spoke a masculine voice. "Who Is It?" The moment Walter's eye rested on the occupant of the bed he traced a close resemblance to the girl on the train. "You will pardon me for Intruding," he said, "but an incident has trans pired that has caused me some alarm and has led me to seek you out," and briefly but clearlyWalter narrated the circumstances of the hour. Harry Ward looked curious, suspi cious and then deeply alarmed. His face grew pale and troubled. T must get up at once," he spoke excitedly. "Estelle, my sister ! Oh f I see it alL . She has been kidnaped to prevent but you are a stranger and it cannot Interest you. I met with a bad fall today and one foot Is crippled. That was why I was unable to meet my sister. I counted on her being safe to come here alone." "You mistake If you Wnfr I am not sufficiently Interested to wish to be of some practical help to yourself and your sister," observed Walter, earnest ly. "It Is plain to me that mystery. villainy Is involved. You are helpless to pursue the man who has seemingly deluded Miss Ward into believing that you sent him to represent you. Tell me as little or as much as you choose, but let me try to aid you." 'It was a somewhat remarkable story that Harry Ward recited. He was en gaged In prosecuting a claim of his dead father. The opposition had fought the case. A final decision In court was now pending and the evi dence of Miss Ward, her brother's law yer "had told him, would win the case. The other side in some way had as certained this. Bold, unscrupulous, they had intercepted the star witness, doubtless Intending to hold her as a captive until the case was ended, which would fall flat without her evi dence. The memory of a kiss Impelled Wal ter Adsit to put in three whole days watching everywhere for a clue he had in mind. One day he came -to a sud den standstill at a cabstand. A newly glazed window In a cab gave him hope. A little later the driver appeared. In twenty words Walter satisfied this man that if he did not give the details of the abduction of Miss Ward and her whereabouts he was headed for the penitentiary. The cab driver was, in fact, only a hired tool, but he knew enough to post Walter as to the best course for him to pursue. An hour later, armed with names and details the cab driver had given him, Walter rushed unceremoniously In upon an old hag In a wretched tene ment house. "From Devoney!" he exclaimed. "The police are on the track of the girl get her, quick ! I must hurry her to better hiding." ' The alarmed woman acted on the fear Imposed. An hour later Estelle Ward was in the arms of her brother. A week afterward the case at law was decided in his favor, and later still Walter Adsit became a suitor, but not In the courts that is, except the court of love, where his earnest plea was met with the favor it deserved. Columbus Boasted. "These latest passengers needn't be eo stuck up," he cried. "I was the first man to cross the ocean in three ships." New York Sun. Real Merit Manifest. Real merit of any kind cannot long be concealed; It will be discovered, and nothing can depreciate It but a man's exhibiting It himself. It may not al ways be rewarded as It ought, but it will always be known. Chesterfield. A year or so ago the democratic boosters took delight in likening Wood row Wilson to Abraham Lincoln. They overlooked, however, one impor tant distinction Lincoln did not as sume to excerise the, powers of both the executive and the legislative branch of the government. Having had some experience in congress him self, Lincoln recognized the probabil ity that members of congress might have some opinions that were worth considering. We shall get along bet ter if we have more presidents of the Lincoln type and fewer of the Wilson type. Rooks County Record. How about this: Discharged soldiers receive a bonus of $60 and girls retain ed in Goverment service receive a bonus of $240 with a big increase in salaries. Does the goverment owe these girls more than it doea the men who faced death in France? As one soldiers says "Washington keep3 its girls and the soldiers keep their uniform because he cannot buy a suit." Such a condi tion should be remedied at the next ses sion of Congress. Bills have already been prepared to give the men a year's pay, and other advantages. If the goverment can afford a $240 bonus for its girl war workers it can afford a substantial bonus for the men who won the war. Russell Record. Holstein Milk Cows Nice young Holstein cows in milk for sale. W. J. MADDEN. RED CROSS NOTES 2200 pounds of old clotthes were gathered. This was more than our quota and the donors are to be con gratulated. There are still some aprons in the library basement. Please come and get your apron if you left it at the surgical dressing room or it will be disposed of. Packing boxes well made, walnut wardrobe and cupboards are to be sold at the Red Cross Work Room. Phone 302 if you are interested. The local Red Cross is closing up its business, and any outstanding bills against the Red Cross will be paid if said bill will be presented to the secretary, Mrs. Neiswangjer. Present your bill at once. Resolution of Thanks At the monthly meeting, April 8th of the executive committee of the Hays branch of the American Red Cross the following resolution was un animously adopted: That we extend our gratitude to the many persons, societies, churches, schools and other agencies that have contributed to make the work of the Red Cross Society a success in Hays and Ellis county. We desire especial ly to thank the Telephone Company for free telephone service. The city council for the city building, the library board for the library build ing and the newspapers for their free and generous publicity. ' FOR SALE Several thousand used sidewalk brick in fairly good condition. Sub mit bids to C. M. Wann by April 9. Board of Education. Shorthorn Bulls We have some very fine ones now ready for service. W. J. MADDEN. Editor's Joke. A budding author sent a humor ous paragraph to the editor of a daily paper. Not finding it printed within a reasonable time or hearing from the editorial department, he wrote to In quire about it. "I sent you a joke about ten days ago. I hate heard nothing respecting Its safe receipt and should be glad to hear whether you have seen it." The editor's reply was as follows: "Your joke arrived safe ly, but upto thp present we have not seen It." Saw Her Limitations. Edward's highest ambition was to some day be an engineer. He delight ed in the workings of his electrical en gines, and one day he undertook to explain the various parts to Janet. She listened Indifferently and finally he became exasperated and said: "Oh, well, go on and play. I don't suppose you will ever be anything more than a mother, anyway." Newspapers Run. by Women. More than a score of daily news papers in the United States are owned and actively managed by women. COMING THIS IS OUR USUAL SPRING AD BE PREPARED For The Usual Rush Of SPRING WORK. ' TIME WILL MEAN MONEY WELL SPENT. Ering in your Watches, Clocks and Jewelry and have them-put in shape for the ruch that is bound to come with the opening of Spring Work. REMEMBER WE GUARANTEE OUR WORK Also look over our fine line of Waches, Jewelry, Cut glass and Silverware. J. T. MORRISON The Jeweler and Optometrist Citizens Bank Building Hays, Kansas. - Phone 152. g THE CHURCHES Presbyterian Church Gerrit Snyder, Pastor The pastor has been called away by the death of his brother-in-law, Rev. C. A. Berger and will not be back un til! after the meeting of Presbytery next week, April 15-17 at Smith Cen ter. The Communion Service is post poned untill after Easter. Instead of the morning service next Sunday the annual congregation al meeting postponed from last Wed nesday evening, will be held at 11 o'clock. All members of the church and congregation are urged to be pre sent for the election of church of ficers and to hear the reports of the various church organizations. There will be no Sunday evening service. Trinity Lutheran Church Charles F. Wiest, Pastor Sunday School, 10 a. m. Morning Worship 11 a. m. Luther League 7 p. m. Evening Worship 8 p. m. Palm Sunday services will be held this Sunday, April 13. A beautiful and impressive memo rial service was held last Sunday for Lieut. Caspar Middlekauff and Cor poral Charles Harvey, whose stars on the Lutheran service flag are covered with gold. Many out-of-town people attended the service. Holy Communion will be administ ered on Good Friday evening at 8 o'clock. All members should attend. The Easter service of Easter Sun day morning will begin at 10:45. The "United Lutheran Church in America" which came into existence in New York last November, will be gin to issue its new weekly "The Lutheran" on May 1. Charter sub scriptions will be $1.00 for those who turn them in to the pastor next week. Every family in the church ought to take this new paper, the official organ of the United Church. Methodist Church The "Blue Bird Girls" presented a fine missionary program last Sunday and the Sunday School offering for Missions was over ten dollars. The family of the new district superintendent will be with us next Sunday. " , The "Willing Workers" taught by Mrs. Snapp have charge of the Easter program and they will put on an Easter pageant on the evening of April 20. The Epworth League is planning a good program for 7 o'clock next Sun day evening. The pastor preaches at 11 o'clock and 8 o'clock. In the evening the theme will be "We Don't Know Where We're Going, But We're On The Way." . Sunday School opens at 9:45 with music and orchestra. Remember the government time is one hour earlier and get a hustle on. Buy Victory Bonds and help the government. J. W. SNAPP, Pastor. Wichita, Kansas, April 8, Men and Women workers in the coming Victory Loan Campaign will be pre sented with souvenirs by the Govern ment in honor of their services. The souvenirs are medals about the size of a half dollar, made from metal obtained by melting cannon captured from the Germans by the Americans. On one side of the medal is the Amer ican Eagle and the words Victory Lib erty Loan. On the opposite side is this inscription: "Awarded by the U. S. Treasury Department for pat riotic services in behalf of the Liber ty Loan. Wichita, Kansas, April 8, Sunday, Mays 4th has been designated by the Government Loan and Savings Or ganization as National Victory Loan Sunday. Coming in the midst of the campaign for subscriptions to the Vic tory Liberty Loan, the day will afford an opportunity for Christian people to consecrate themselves anew and apply their patriotism to the need of the hour. Ministers of all denominations are asked to devote a part of their ser vice on this day to patriotic talks and music. For Sale I have ten purebred Plymouth Rock oosters for sale. Who wants them 7 Lewis Johnson. llHl Hereford Bulls Hereford Bulls fit for service. W. J. MADDEN. FOR SALE Southeast i 30-11-18 for price and terms, address the own er. A. W. Sites, Stratton, Colo. I Announcement I We are now organized to give you prompt service and solicit a share of your business. Farms I If you want to buy a farm, let us show you our list of bargains. & City Property f you want a city home or lots, see us. Insurance We write Hail, Life, Fire, Tornado, Automobile amd Stock Insurance in substantial old line companies. PROMPT SERVICE QUICK RESULTS 1 The Bird Land Company g Hays, Kansas J.S. Bird Anthony Unrein A. F. Bieker CA. Beeby wm veuver i Friday morning April 11th we will commence to de liver Groceries in the City Limits. Telephone Orders will g be carefully filled and promptly delivered. 8 Sugar 10 pounds for $1.00 g Arbuckle Coffee two pounds for 45 cts Mother's Aluminum Oats 35 ct5 I Quaker Oats 30 cts g Dry Salt Meat 30 cts Lee Baking Powder, 15 ct can for 10 cts Lee Baking Powder, 10 ct can for 7 cts Bob White Soap, four bars for ". 25 cts M. M. Laundry Soap, 20 bars for $1.00 Washington Crisps, 15 c package for 10 cts 2 lb Sunburst Tomatoes, two for .35 cts 31b Hylo Yellow Free Peaches, 25 cts 31b Maryland Tomatoes 25 cts Hylo Egg Plumbs 20 cts Tolyer Coffee 35 cts Royal W. Pork and Beans, two for ,.J25 cts Sunburst Sweet Corn, 2 for .35 cts Post Tosties, 2 for 45 cts J. M. DENNING Telephone No. 402 I TAKE DRUDGERY The wretched drudgery every week of standing for hours over a tub and washboard is bound to mar the hap piness of any home. It isn't fair to the wife and it re acts on every member of the family. Every housewife should have a Thor Electric Washing Machine. It does an average week's washing in an hour the clothes are cleaner than ever they last much longer, and there is no need to hire a laudress. The Thor not only saves time and money and labor; it makes a happier home. ..Let us send vou a Thor before next wash day. 3? Electric Washing Machine Tested and Approved by Good Housekeeping Institute. No Belts to Break or slip or catch your clothes Instead the Thor is run by g ly ground and case hardened. J. F. COSTNER " Electric Wire man and Contractor. 5 Knife Weeders for all Listed Crop3 The Weeder Factory, Hill City, Ksn. i FOR SALE The building on South Main Street, now being used as a Pump Shop. Price $150, who wants it. Woolf Binder. isrocenes OUT OF THE HOME! I covered steel pears ri r e You don't want belts. Be