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THE HAYS FREE PRESS, THURSDAY, MARCH 24, 1921.
The First Duty of Congress Practically all nations' have ad vanced or are planning to advance their Tariff schedules. Seme of the duty increases, as well as some of the administrative restrictions, including embargoes, have been directed ex pressly against the products of this country. None of the governments involved have consulted us in the matter, but have planned their Tariffs with the views of Protecting their own interests. That is wholly proper. Not only have other nations in creased their rates of duty "and their restrictions, but they have also plan ned to take advantage of our present Free-Trade Tariff and flood our markets with their own products, aiming to sell in "the best markets in the world." That designation is no misnomer, for we are free buyers, able to pay high prices and prompt in payment. We are not niggardly in our expenditures. On the contrary, we run too much to the other ex treme. Not only have other nations "planned" to invade our markets, but they have actually done so. In agri cultural products, Canada has sold us nearly 35 million bushels of wheat in the past year, and Argentina has sold us nearly 7 million bushels of corn, and that at a $me when we have such a surplus that we cannot find a market for all our product. Under Free-Trade, we have been buying of others instead of buying at home, while the domestic product is rotting in the bins." Our markets have been flooded with British textile fabrics, while our own mills have been obliged to close their own doors. Nor is the end in sight. Pending the adoption of a new Tariff, foreigners are planning to rush as many of their products as possible into our markets under the present Free-Trade Tariff. With 300 million dollars' worth (foreign value) -of for eign products now in our bonded warehouses which can be entered for . consumption on a day's notice, and with millions of dollars' worth of other foreign products yet to come, it is imperative that the ongres3 provide some way to prevent this flooding of our markets with foreign products without the payment of ade quate duty, and with the resultant in" jury to our domestic productive in dustries. It will take months, or even years, for our producers to recover from the effects of this flooding of our markets with alien products. In deed some producers will go to the wall and never recover, unless Pro tection is afforded and afforded at once. The only feasible remedy is the re adoption of the Tariff Act of 1909 as an interim measure. We do not claim that this would be wholly effective under present conditions, but it is the best thing that can be done to meet the emergency. The provisions of the said act have been construed and there would no uncertainty result from its re-enactment. Certainly it would afford more Protection and more revenue than the law now in force, and it would give the Congress more needed time in which to prepare a Tariff measure which will be in har mony with present conditions. The need is great and the duty of the Congress is plain. Re-enact the Payne-Aldrich Tariff as an interim measure, as the first duty undertaken. American Economist. Kansas will soon have opportunity to greatly increase its natural parks and to do its part in the preservation of natural conditions in the state, ac cording to Prof. Howard DeForest of the botany department of the Uni versity of Kansas. A movement is now under way under Professor De Forest's leadership in connection with the Ecological Society of Amer ica, to bring about the establishing of natural parks and recreation-grounds throughout the state. An attempt is being made by Pro f essor DeForest to obtain information concerning suitable sites for such natural parks and to furnish informa tion about the movement to all local societies and organizations that are rocta in the imDrovement of their communities. The plan in brief is that areas of land throughout the state that contain much natural plant and animal life should be re served by the state as parks, tne same to be used for recreation and experi mentation. "TVxirp are many natural plots throughout the state," says Prof essor DeForest, "which would make ideal natural Darks and recreation grounds. In the past such work has been left w&l suDTort and has suffered in manv cases. Under the new-plan all such work would be supervised by the state, which would also finance the J onH unkeeD ot tne prescivoi''"" erounds. "What we are striving for now is to get every locality that has a pros- i.r fn-r Kllfh nUIDOSeS IU pective uoi-i. send us information about it, its loca hilitv. Informa lion, aim cv.v.- , tion may be sent to me directly at the University of Kansas. A fossil eel that lived, it is estim ntd .-at least 25 million years ago, the latest addition to the fossil cpllec tion in the museum of the University of Kansas. The specimen was found in the chalk beds of Western Kansas, Haekberry Creek, Gove County, by Prof H. T. Martin, curator of the Uniyersity museum, Lawrence, Kans The importance of the fossil, ac cording to Professor Martin, is evi denced by the fact that specimens of this type have been found in only two other fields in the world. Similar specimens have been found in the chalk beds of England and those of Mount Lebanon, in Syria. The fossil is a member of an eel-like fish family, says Professor Martin, and belonged to the Cretaceous period. The Western Kansas chalk beds form one of the richest fossil fields in the world, according to Professor Martin. It has produced thousands of samples of fish types, and is visited yearly by many fossil seekers from all parts of the United States. It has been one of the most visited fossil deposits of the country for the last fifty years. KANSAS FARM BUREAU NOTES Topeka, Kans., March 22. Repre sentatives of all of the farm organ izations in Kansas met here last week and elected eight delegates to a meet ing which will be held in Chicago, April 6, to ratify, amend, or reject the co-operative marketing plan pro posed by the "Committee of 17." Each organization was allowed to elect its own delegate. The eighth was elected at large. The delegates elected are: R. C. Obrecht, Topeka, Farmers' Union B. Needham, Lane, Kansas State Grange A. C. Bailey, Kinsley.i National Wheat Growers' Association F. O. Peterson, Burdick, Kansas State Farm Bureau T. M. Jones, Garden City, National Farmers' Equity Union J. B. Brown, Larned, Farmers' Co operative Grain Dealers' Ass'n. H. W. Avery, Wakefield, Kansas State Board of Agriculture W. B. Loomis, Williamsburg, dele- gate-at-large Manhattan, Kansas, March 22. Kansas State Farm Bureau has asked President W. M. Jardine of Kansas State Agricultural College, to estab lish courses in co-operative marketing to be offered to students in the col lege next year. Heretofore, no such courses have been offered with the result that it has been found difficult to obtain suc cessful cooperative managers for the different cooperative organizations which have been formed recently. Difficulties have been encountered in other states in putting a cooperative marketing program into effect be cause of the lack of trained leaders. The agricultural college has been asked to put in short courses as well as courses in the regular curriculum. The short courses will permit man agers of cooperative elevators and managers of cooperative shipping associations to spend a few weeks at the college in preparing to handle their work better. Recent freight advances have been such that the farmers cannot con tinue to produce at a maximum un less readjustments are made. This was the concensus of opinion of dele gates from twenty states, attending the national conference of shippers, called by the American Farm Bureau Federation, which met in ChicagOi March 14. Delegates attending the conference pointed out that freight rates are now so high that when the shippers of farm products had paid the freight to the terminal markets they had little left for the product. Tne delegate stated that he .could get only 40 cents a bushel for his corn on the farm in Iowa. It cost 22 cents to ship the corn to Chicago. It was pointed out that not only the farmers, but also the railways, lose money from the hieh rates. Transportation costs at the present time are so high as to be prohibitive, it was stated. Resolutions were passed: (1) ask ing that the rate making rule of the Transportation Act be repealed; (2) favoring the restoration of the powers of the state with respect to interstate rates; (3) favoring amend ment of the Transportation Act so tnat tne railway labor board may grant reasonable wages and not com pel the roads to pay more than reasonable rates will provide; (4) urging the Interstate Commerce Com mission to proceed at once to make freight rate adjustments so as to move the traffic of the country; (5) asking the carriers to distribute, cars equitably and not discriminate in favor of any' one commodity; and, (6) requesting the Interstate Com merce Commission to require carriers to file their car service rules as reg ularly published tariffs. The railway owners .and railway labor as well as shippers, were repre sented at the conference. (First Published in the Hays Free Press, March 24, 1921). Executrix Notice State of Kansas, Ellis County, ss. In the Probate Court in and for said county. ' - In the Matter of the Estate of Ruth E. Falconberry, Deceased. Notice is hereby given that Letters Testamentary have been granted to the undersigned on "the Last Will and Testament of .Ruth E. Faleonbery. late of said county, deceased, by the Honorable, the Probate v Court of the countv and State aforesaid, dated the 17th day of March, 1921. . Now, all persons having claims against the said estate are hereby notified they must present the same to the under signed for allowance within one year from the date of said Letters, or they may be precluded from any benefit of such' estate; and that if such claims be not exhibited within , two years after the date of said letters, they shall be forever barred. - Inez M. Martin, Executrix of the Last Will and Test ament of Ruth E. Faleonbery, . -Deceased. . - Dated. March 17;. 1921.. . " - K. S. F. B. WILL ORGANIZE SHIP PING ASSOCIATIONS Plans Made to Help Kansas Farmers Handle Live Stock on County- wide Basis Manhattan, Kans., March 15. Kansas State Farm Bureau during the coming year will assist in organ izing co-operative live stock shipping associations on a county-wide basis, according to Charles R. Weeks, secre tary. The bureau believes that the farmer can realize a better price for his live stock if handled in this way, than if sold direct to local buyers and shippers. - . The county - shipping associations can also eliminate a large amount of transportation charges by, bringing buyers and sellers of feeders to gether. A live stock survey, made re cently by the state farm bureaus, shows that about 50 per cent of the stockers and feeders sold are shipped to Kansas City and other markets. About the same percentage bought by Kansas feeders are obtained on the same markets. If some agency in the county could bring buyer and seller together, commission and trans portation charges to and from the big live stock markets could be saved. The state farm bureau will co operate with other organizations in forming such associations. The fol lowing resolution was adopted at the recent annual meeting of the bureau: "BE IT RESOLVED that Kansas State Farm Bureau co-operate with the county farm bureaus, the agri cultural college, and the Farmers' Union Commission Company, in es tablishing co-operative shipping associations and a state association of the same." Kansas Farmers Buy Government Harness Kanaas farmers this spring are buying Government harness at re duced price through the county farm bureaus, as a result of arrangements made by Kansas State Farm Bureau. The state farm bureau has obtained a Government harness of good grade, which may be sold at $48.75, plus express charges from the Government warehouse to the farmer. After fifty sets have been sold in the state a dis count is allowed, and each purchaser will be refunded $8 for each set bought. This gives the farmer a good harness for $40.75, plus transporta tion costs. Orders for this harness must be placed with the county farm bureau. The bounty farm bureau sends in its orders through the state farm bureau. The harness is well made, govern ment inspected, and made of - back leather with hames, three-ply tugs with butt chains, bridle with blinders, breeching and pole straps, and lines one inch wide "and twenty-two feet long. The harness is mounted with metal made of a composition bronze. PERTINENT POINTERS By Our Special 'Writer In the "pursuit of "de mon" some would make a beer garden of the Sheridan Coliseum by vending pea nuts, popcorn and candy therein. Three garbage cans would not hold the trash and muss after such a raid as that. ooooo The freak Bean Bud no longer amuses himself secretly sowing the Boston legumes through the passages and hallways" of the Normal ; not since the Principal asked him to explain. ooooo Willliam Allen White of the Em poria Gazette is the author of a creditable- work of fiction, which Mr. White says the producers of films for Picture Shows has turned into "a nasty sex thing." The Jews hold the majority of the stock in this associa tion. These people have no respect for the Christian Sabbath, nor for their own Sabbath. What they would be delighted to do, would be to de grade the Sabbath and open it up to the picture show business. They are the chief howlers against the Blue Laws. In their estimation anything that favors decency is a Blue Law; ooooo A national statute restoring the whipping post for gunmen would be a salutary thing for there is nothing that type of criminal dreads so much as a public whipping; then he should be sent to state's prison to learn a trade. Blue Law? Yes, for there is nothing will make these coundrels feel so blue as a. dose of cat-o'nine-tails. I H. H. Winters General I Hardware HAY&vOTY, KANSAS -3v nMUn'a flair - f f- CA' I o r hwtls I AVr . ' i THOC WHO S&OC v4s."- Positively eradicates -wdsodrng ctniaUa eese 1 tnta&? Beslpa rtopa falling hair - : besoty, btA rtion immediate and f certain. Moogy-Back Guna? ea. 1 hrpMfiM la. i LCC&Y TSSX C9.. taasas Oty. E. Coming to Hays DR.DORAN A SPECIALIST, NOT IN NAME ONLY, BUT BY EXPERIENCE OF ALMOST A QUARTER OF A CENTURY DOES NOT USE THE KNIFE Will Give Free Consultation on Saturday, April 9th, at the Brunt' wick Hotel from 9 A. M- to 4 P. M. ONE DAY ONLY They Come Many Miles to See Him Dr. Doran is a regular graduate in medicine and surgery and is licensed by the state of Kansas. He visits professionally the more important towns and cities, and offers to all who call on this trip consultation and ex amination free, except the expense of treatment when desired. According to his method of coming to your nearest city to see- patients he gives all the sick people an oppor tunity to obtain the best that medical science can offer right at home. He does not operate for chronic appendi citis, gall stones, ulcers of stomach, tonsils or adenoids. He has to his credit many wonder ful results in diseases of the stomach, liver, bowels, blood, skin, nerves, heart, kidney, bladder, bed wetting, catarrh leg ulcers and rectal ailments. If you have been ailing for any length of time 'and do not get any better, do not fail to call, as improper measures rather than disease are very often the'eause of your long standing trouble. Remember above date, that ex amination on this trip will be free and that his treatment is different. Married ladies must come with their husbands, and children with their parents. Address: Medical Laboratory of Dr. Doran, 335-336 Boston Block, Minneapolis, -Minn. Good Things to Eat Is what everyone wants, and we can supply your needs in every respect. Meats, Groceries, Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. . F. J. ROTH Windsor Annex, first door North of Strand Tteatre Phone 364 3 i Hays City Transfer Line The best Dray and Transfer Service in the City. Phone 18. H. L. HAYS. This is the Time ML 13 to Duy UYETB OIL 400 Gallsns of Oil to ALSO Maytag asnmg AMD OR ELECTRIC POWER Ten Days KAYS, 1 BUSINESS CARDS j DR. KENNETH J. MOYE Graduate Veterinarian and Dentist Night Phone 31 ' Day Phone 18 Office Felten Bldg., Hays, Kansas F. E. McLAIN JUSTICE OF THE PEACE Office in City Hall Hays, Kansas REA & FLOOD Attorney s-at-Law Office over Citizens State Bank Phone 129 - Hays, Kansas DR. JOSEPH F. QREILING DENTIST ' J. S. Dreiling'a Building Victoria, - - Kansas . J. R. BETTHAUSER, M. D. Physician and Surgeon -Successor to Geo. P. Hemm Office Phone 485 Res. Phone 257 DR. O. A. HENNER1CH Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Wiesner Building Hays, - - Kansas DR. H. B. NEISWANGER Dentist Citizens State Bank Bldg. Phone 294 MARKEL'S Better Photos "Nuff Sed" Hays, Kansas Felten KANSAS 1 Gallon of Kerosene h 1 clii 8 i! t ( Free Trial o Mi t ti o o o i t Arnhold TfflE FACT I. We carry a Full and Up-to-date line of Dry Goods, Clothing and Shoes. Also a com plete line of Groceries, Fruits and Vegetables. Carl Leiker tk Son Phone 267 ... Give us a trial Isaac Zeigler DEALERS IN Groceries and Coal A Fresh Line of Groceries always on hand. Also Fruits and Vegetables in Season. FreeBelivery. . Phone It' - Hays, Kansas . FURNITURE House Furnishings . Pathe Talking Machines F. V. GOTTSCIiALK : Phone 236; Res. 284. First door west of National Bank Every Time You Eat YOU realize the importance of the quality of y.our GROCERIES. That is cur specialty "QUALITY" It costs us a little more, and we have to meet the same prices of other dealers, but we find from experience that it pays in the long run, because we never lose our custo mers. Its Quality that does it J. B. BASGALL Member of the Chamber of Commerce HAYS, Treat, Shaffer tk Co. F. HAVEMANN, Manager The largest and most complete stock of Lumber and Building Material in the City. Brick, Lime, Cement and Plaster. We also handle the genuine Canon City, Monarch, Rock Springs, Northern Colorado and other Western Coals as well as Weir City and Anthracite. ' Call on us for CoaL and let us figure on your Lumber Bills. WE GUARANTEE SATISFACTION HAYS, Member of the MEATS needs .in Meats, Groceries, Fruits and Vegetables. T. -G. Reed (Q, Sons HAYS, KANSAS GRAIN, LIVESTOCK, LANDS Insurance and Loans If you need anything in the above lines, see W. J. MADDEN GOVERNMENT BONDS BOUGHT AND SOLD C, Sell waller's Sons DEALERS IN Lumber, Shingles, Lime, BARBED WIRE V Cement, Coal, Etc., Etc. HAYS, to on 5 KANSAS KANSAS Chamber of Commerce Yes, we are prepared to take care of your KANSAS ! r i B