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IT1 M Jbifa ii ii VOL. XL. NO. 31 HAYS. ELLIS COUNTY. KANSAS . THURSDAY. JULY 7, 1921. SUtfSCRIPHON $1.50 PER YEAR IP IREfELS THE EAGLE SCREAMED J FOURTH j AT HAYS ON THE OF JULY, 1921 But thm Hevai Opened and Rain Came Down in a Torrent Our neghbors, Harry L. Felten and Dr. K. J. Moye worked like heroes on the job, but it rained! It "was -much like our 'doughboys, before they crossed over; they were trained to a razor-edge, and after reaching French soil they again took ; up the soldiers' training burden and ! then some and they died in the trenches or fell prostrate on Fland ers poppy fields never to rise again. Such is life the world over; but if it was not for men like Harry Felten and his mates, this country would go to the dogs and every man would ask his neighbor, "Who was George Washington anyway, and what did he do?" Well, they got a good start with the program before the .skies per formed the Presbyterian rite of sprinkling; the management as sembled the boys at the foot of the greased pole and in eloquent terms explained that valuable prizes rested on the shelf at the top, subject to the squirrel-climbing dexterity of the first boy to lay hands on them. "Of course," said the management, vaii wpre to 'rassel with a bear vou I would get a hug or two you would j remember; but in this case all you will have to do will be to stick your- toes into the knot holes as you as- ( .on omhrorp the nole with that de- lirious joy which you would bestow ' shows that the consolidated school is j 'upon your best girl." Much en- reaching the country boy and girl thused, a boy rushed . in and and that a larger number of pupils wrapped his anatomy fervently'.11 finish S4es, for 'such a around the pole and gave him- school can offer them inducement to , self a hunch upward. but his remain. In a consolidated school j toes could not find any knot holes and there will be a good library, good on reaching a span up, to his surprise f laboratories, training in music, art,' he suddenly dropped. to earth; then) etc., manual training vocational agri-' another boy said, "if anybody kin I( culture, home economics, athletics, J kin" and he grappled the pole with a ( and everything that the city boy and ' resolute clinch worthy of Admiral . girl have. When one graduates from J Farragut, and he got almost as high , the grades, it will be the natural thing up as the first boy, when he dropped j for him to enter the high school, J with a sickening thud, whereupon a ! which is right at hand, awaiting him. great awakening light shone in upon Money Buys Twice as Much the boys and they decamped en bloc "The consolidated schools will not ' to the greased pig which was patient- be cheaper in dollars and cents," de- j ly waiting to be introduced to me clared Mr. Smith, "but every uouar public; the gate was opened and the , spent on them will buy at least fifty shoat struck for liberty with a mob per cent more in education than it of kids at its heels and after many j ever buys in a one-room school. If gyrations around the common, the tne consolidated school maintained foremost boy and the pig got mixed the same length of term and recita and rolled over each other in the tall ; tion period and would be satisfied grass to the immense delight of the with the poor equipment and poor girls in the grand stand. j teachers found in one-room schools, it Like a three-ringed circus, the ball j would be cheaper, but it would not game was in full swing and the De efficient. The school plant is in broncho busters were polishing the use a mucn greater part of the time mules for speed around the track and the greased pole was sanded as a de- coy for another trial by the kids. i The Knights of Columbus band , brightened the hours with excellent music as the mules in disorder went round the track their tans gananny streaming as befitted the day and the occasion. Following the usual order nature showed up with a big black cloud in j the southwest and without ceremony sent a stiff wind and a cloud of dust across the grounds and a score of cars fled for home; but that was only a bluff by the - storm-god nothing happened; and Mr. Felten and his boys finished the day in a creditable manner. A decent regard for the truth re quires us to say in conclusion that the weather man brought the glorious Fourth to a close with a deluge of water that would have done Noah credit in his world-Tenowned act. THE ALEX PHILIP & SON LIVE STOCK RANCH A scout through the country brought us to the famous Big Creek stock ranch of 4000 acres, of the Messrs. Philip. There "may be larger ranches where they include consider able stretches of uneven breaks or sand dunes or gravelly plains, of prickly-pear; but we believe there is nothing in the west that surpasses this fine estate for fertile pasture land tributary to the plow whenever need ed. ' ' Many things contribute to the value of this EHis County stock range and 'not the least of all is the conservative .management. CONSOLIDATION WILL MAKE SCHOOLS EFFICIENT "Consolidation will make teaching a specialized profession," says M. L. Smith, head of the department of school consolidation at the Kansas State Normal School in Emporia. "Consolidation will decrease the total number of grade teachrs in the state but it will greatly increase the number of special teachers," Mr. Smith explained. "Fewer teachers J will be required to teach the pupils in ; a consolidated school than were re- quired in the 5everal. scattered one-! room schools. However, these fewer teachers will need to be specialists; ome of them expert primary teach- ers' some u,Keu"' , f " j mar grade or junior high school teach- ers" Work will be Departmental I Mr. Smith went on to explain how the work will be largely departmental I and there will need to be special I teachers in music, art, etc. Each grade teacher will be able to teach i f , a , . ... ocr,0.;,iit. nneU to I :;: I1C1. "Approximately the same amount will be spent for grade teaching that is being spent now, but this money will go to fewer teachers, so each will get more," said Mr. Smith. "Bet ter prepared teachers, of course, will be required and the more prep aration and experience the better the pay. We may expect this kind of icatuci iu uafc wui jrai v. 't' school and at least two years oi xsor- mal scho1 training. Attendance Increases Forty Per Cent "Attendance has increased forty per cent in consolidated districts," declared Professor Smith. "This than the one-room school and this use ; is increasing, until soon it will be functioning the entire twelve months. "Transportation makes the cost show up on the Ux rate instead of the bank book asserted Mr. Smith. "When the parents transported their children to the school the cost appear ed in the bank book." A HIGH WATER ALARM At daylight on the morning of the 5th inst., following a heavy rain storm, a warning was sent over the phone to the'custodian of the Normal buildings of the danger from the rapid rising of Big Creek, , an event from which the city has suffered in the past, and from which it is lable to suffer again. . . At the Normal, the high water reaches he tunnels first, through which it can pass into the basements; this occurred last spring, and has oc curred more than once. To the average'man it would seem incredible that important public buildings state institutions should be placed in such an unsanitary en vironment where they must suffer loss, and where when appropriations are applied for the politicians at the east end of thetate can use it as a club to beat down our just claims. It is not a sane act to place a public building, to say nothing of an institu tion of learning on low ground when an eminence like the site of old Fort Hays was available. No reasonable explanation has ever1 been offered for that great error, but the slogan of convenience offered which was. put forward by those who had an axe to grind. There are people in the world who find it convenient to confine their live stock under the same roof with the family! A footbridge once stood across the creek back of the Fair Ground, from which a path led direct to the Fort; that frail structure could have ben replaced by a concrete or steel bridge for, if necessary, both foot and vehi cles and by that route the distance from the city traversed in ten min utes, and if physical stamina is de sirable, woufd a brief walk of that length unfit a student for making the race for the Presidency of the United States? As for ourself, we would be willing to walk over to the old Fort for a roast chicken any day. We would like to see the man who can put up a decent excuse for plac ing the Normal buildings with the back close up to a dirty slough of back-water, which we consider a posi tive menace to health. We are not ambitious for the rank of a prophet of evil, nor is there anyone living who would more deeply deplore anything approaching the Pueblo disaster for our great state school and the city itself although only a small part of the latter could ever suffer damage in any event from a flood. Communicated. THE SILVER LINING The question is asked, why under practical Free-Trade and in anticipa tion of higher duties are we not in- ereasine our imports? It is partly, and largely, because we are broke. We have always been broke after a Free-Trad priod. For instance, just before the enactment of the Dingley law in 1897, when we knew there would be a sharp increase in votes, there was an actual falling off in total imports. If we go back to the enaetment of the Morrill Tariff of 1861 we will find a large falling off in total imports just,before. A period of Free-Trade brings . on conditions where the people are too poor to buy no matter how cheap are articles wanted. We hear of the con sumers' strike, but it is compulsory as well as voluntary. If we were striking against our own inflated prices and waiting for the deflation that was bound to come why do we not purchase in larger quantities of the cheaper foreign goods with which our markets have been flooded? We say cheaper foreign goods, we should say, foreign goods that ought to be cheaper but the price of which im porters and retailers have boosted for profit. Five million people are out of em ployment, that means that from twen ty to twenty-five million people have little or no income, or purchasing power and their forced economy and retrenchment seriously affect the other seventy-five or eighty million. We are so interdependnnt that pov erty or prosperity is far reaching and affects all in greater or lesser degree. Toss a stone into the lake and watch the circles spreading to the shores on every side. Toss a Free-Trade invoice into our industrial area and the circle of adversity widen in every direction. It is true that conditions are abnormal because of the War and its aftermath, but Free-Trade is like a pestilence that consumes everything in its path. Even if it be suggested that Free-Tradfi- is only an attendant or added scourge to the burdens of war, still our contention is true that it has aug mented our ills both industrial and social, and we cannot recover till the cause is removed. Uncle Sam is not dead broke, be cause of his reserves which have not been exhausted, but if a Protection President and Congress were not soon to come to the rescue there would be no hope whatever of rehabilitation. We shall have to mark time a little longer, but the very hope of . relief will stimulate, till the wheels of in dustry begin to turn again and we commence to do our own work with its rewards of pay and profit. History will again repeat itself and prosperity will follow paucity and poverty, when underlying conditions are such that demand exceeds supply with the (wherewithal to make It a potent factor in production, distribu tion and consumption. American Economist. Excursion rates on all railroads to the Kansas State Fair at Hutchinson, September 17th to 23rd -inclusive. Xet's Go! "Let's See It! RURAL LIFE CONFERENCE A BIG MEETING TO DISCUSS RURAL PROBLEMS To be Held at Fort Hays Kansas Nor mal, July 11, 12, and 13, 1921 The largest problem in education today is the rural life problem. This is recognized by the leading educat ors and statesmn of America. The big features of this problem will be taken up in a big Rural Life Confer ence at the Fort Hays Kansas Nor mal School, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, July 11, 12 and 13. The program for the conference i3 being arranged by Professor C. E. Rarick, Head of the Department of Rural Education at the Fort Hays Kansas Normal School. He has se cured for the program Dr. J. L. Mc Brien, Specialist in Rural Education of the Bureau of Education at Wash ington; Dr. A. E. Winship of Boston, Editor of the Education Magazine; and Dr. Daniel W. Kurtz, President of McPherson College, and Commis sioner of Rural Life work from the United States in the great rural life conference in Japan last year Besides these men of national re putation, some of the leading rural life leaders of Kansas will be present at the conference. Invitations have been issued to all county superin tendents, principals of Rural High Schools, superintendents of Consolid ated Schools, school board members, editors, and Rural Church pastors in the Western half of Kansas. Western Kansas is ready for a grea't forward movement looking to better schools, better churches, and better social advantages for Western Kansas. This conference is the occa sion for all those who have faith in this movement to come together and consider ways and means. The speakers on the program will include Dr. McBrien, Dr. Winship, and Dr. Kurtz; President W. A. Lewis of the Fort Hays Kansas Nor mal School; Professor Edgar Menden hall of the Pittsburg Manual Train ing Normal School; Miss May Cain, State Rural School Supervisor for Kansas; Professor C. A. Shively of the Fort Hays Kansas Normal School; Miss Julia M. Stone, of the Fort Hays Kansas Normal School; Superintend ent. E. J. Dumond of the Holcomb Consolidated School; Suprintendent W. A. Vickers of the Weskan Con solidated School; and county superin tendents representing the leading counties of Kansas The new 4000 foot movie showing "The Story of the Holcomb Consolidated School" will be shown on the program. PROGRAM OF THE RURAL LIFE CONFERENCE A Conference of County Superintend ents and Rural Leaders to be Held at Fort Hays ' Kansas Normal School, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, July 11, 12 and 13, 1921. MONDAY MORNING 9:35 to 10:15 General Assembly, ' President Lewis Presiding. Lecture, Dr. A. E. Winship, Bos ton, Massachusetts. 10:20 to 12:10 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building, Miss Em ma F. Wilson, County Superin - tendent, Finney County, Kansas, Presiding. Lecture, "The Rural School, a Fundamental Problem," Prof. Edgar Mendenhall, Pittsburg, Kansas. Lecture, "A Change in Our Sys tem of Rural Schools, a Funda mental Necessity," Prof. H. M. Cutler, Emporia, Kansas. Questions and Discussion MONDAY AFTERNOON 1:20 to 2:15 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building, Prof. C. E. Rarick, Hays, Kansas, Presiding- Accomplishments in Consolida tion of Schools, including Re ports on the Progress of the Rural High Schools rCounty Sup erintendents allowed five min utes to report on their respective counties. 2:15 to 3:10 Lecture, "What Vocational Subjects May be At tempted .in a Consolidated School," Prof. H. I. Kent, Fort Hays Kansas Experiment Sta tion. - 3:10 to 4:05 Lecture, "The Use of Educational Tests In Rural Schools," Prof Edgar Menden hall. Questions and Discussion. MONDAY EVENING 8:00 to 10:00 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building, President W. A. Lewis Presiding. Informal Conference and Round Table on the Subject of Better Rural Schools, participated in by Dr. Winship, Dr. McBrien, and others. Motion Pictures: The Holcomb film, with Discussion of the same, under the direction of Prof. Floyd B. Lee, Hays, Kansas. TUESDAY MORNING 9:35 to 10:15 General Assembly, Pres. Lewis Presiding. Lecture, Dr. J L McBrien, Di rector Rural Extension, Wash ington, D. C. 10:20 to 10:50 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building, Miss Edna Robinson, County Superintend ent, Presiding "Problems in Transportation, and How to Meet Them," Supt. W. A. Vickers, Weskan, Kansas. 10:50 to 11:00 Discussion by Miss Vera Furse, County Superintend ent, Gray County, Kansas. 11:00 to 11:10 Questions and Gen eral Discussion. 11:10 to 11:40 "Problems of the Community Church and How We Are Attempting to Solve Them," Supt. E. J. Dumond, Holcomb, Kansas. 11:40 to 11:50 Discussion, Supt. G. R. Wallace, Kingsdown, Kansas. 11:50 to 12:10 Questions and Gen eral Discussion. TUESDAY AFTERNOON 1:20 to 2:15 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building, Supt. W. A. Vickers, Weskan, presiding. "Applying the Princpile of Stand ardization to the Consolidated School," Miss Mae Cain, Rural School Supervisor for Kansas. Discussion. . in Consolidated Schools," Miss Maude Gorham, Principal High School, Holcomb, Kansas. Discussion. 3:10 to 4:05 Lecture, "Everyday Helps for Rural Teachers," Miss Julia M. Stone, Hays, Kansas. TUESDAY EVENING 6:00 to 8:00 Dinner Hour at the Cafeteria, Prof. C. A. Shively Presiding. (Program, lasting one hour, in preparation) General Assembly. 8:15 Lecture, Dr. J. L. McBrien, Director Rural School Extension, Washington, D. C. WEDNESDAY MORNING 9:35 to 10:15 General Assembly, Pres. Iewis Presiding. Lecture, Dr. D. W. Kurtz, Mc Pherson, Kansas. 10:2O to 11:15 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building, Supt. E J. Dumond, Holcomb, Presiding "The Budget System for Schools, Its Value, and How to Prepare It," Supt. A. D. Haas, Mc Cracken, Kansas. Discussion. ' 11:15 to 12:10 "Recent and Pro posed Legislation of Special In terest to County Superintendents and Rural Leaders," Supt. Leo T. Gibbens, Scott County, Kan sas. Discussion, Supt. LeRoy Mowry, Graham County, Kansas. WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON 1:20 to 2:15 Auditorium, Ad ministration Building ,Prof. C. E. Rarick, Hays, Kansas, Presid ing . - "Suggestive Plans for a County wide Campaign for Better Rural Schools," Prof. T. J. Smart, Uni versity of Kansas. Discussion, Prof. V. L. Strick . land, State Agricultural College. Discussion, Miss Julia M. Stone, Hays, Kansas. 2:15 to 4:05 "What This Con ference Means to My Work and My Plana for the Coming Year," Five-minute talks by the County Superintendnts.' 5:00 to 7:00 Teachers, from their respective counties, attend ing the Summer School, will have an outdoor lunch on the Fair grounds in honor of their visiting friends, the county superintend ents and rural leaders from their home counties. WEDNESDAY EVENING 8 :15 Lecture, Dr. Kurtz. 9:15 The Holcomb School FUm. JACK DEMPSEY World's Champion of Fistiana (Ignatius I. Murphy, Hays, Kansas, Author of "Behold the Flag.") A first class fighting man, you rank. Champion of the world, Your lion heart, a challenge bold. Your country's flag unfurled.. Your Celtic blood will tell the tale On soil where freemen stand,. The breed that counts not odds nor cost, In air, on sea or land. The courage of the Fighting Race, Your sturdy, strong right arm Shall win anew for Stars and Stripes And keep our "Jack" from harm. Your lightning, crashing blows shall bring The vict'ry on the Fourth, For U. S. A. spells not defeat, When chosen ones go forth. You'll wear the colors that we love. The old Red, White and Blue, Though you're breasting worthy foe man, We're "pulling strong" for you. So here's a hand, brave battling man, From far-off, golden West, And may the eagle loudly scream, When Dempsey stands the test. A Patriotic Service A full house heard Dr. Snyder, pastor of the Presbyterian church, on Sabbath .July 3rd, on "What Con stitutes a Patriot?" It was a fine ef fort, commemorative of Independence Day, and highly apreciated by an intelligent audience. The double quartette of trained voices, as usual, added interest to the service. The stormy weather of the even ing of the Fourth prevented Prof. Malloy from entertaining our citizens with another of his pleasing out-door band concerts. The FreePress was prevented by an inscrutable provid ence from acknowledging in appro priate terms the Professor's first con cert, and suggesting a public purse for their .continuance through the summer. Revolutionary Army Uniform. At the close of the Revolutionary war the uniforms of the America troops retained In service closely fol lowed the French, that of the infantry being blue faced with white, and the artillery blue faced with red. At that time these were the only two arms In the composition of the army. Later cavalry was added, wearing green coats with white facings, which soon after changed to black. Since that time the uniforms of the army can he divided into periods, each of which dates back to the close of ono Of the wars. ' Woodchuck Hard to Capture. Many wood chucks are caught in steel traps, but the animal often es capes by gnawing off Its own leg as near the Jaws of the trap as possible, says the American Forestry Magazine. Sometimes a woodchuck will pull the trap down a burrow as far as he can do so, and seal himself in It then be comes quite a task to unearth him and pull htm out. for he hangs on like an armadillo. Harden House Plants. If you have been starting nous plants In the house, be sure that you harden them off well before you trans fer them to the open ground. This means gradually exposing them to the outside air, or, better still, setting them In a cold frame, which, can be covered at night. If you haven't any glass for such a frame, you can cover It with prepared cloth, which Is much cheaper and Just as satisfactory. Coat and Dignity Both Go. The diners a the correctly formal restaurant were surprised to see the dignified man, who might have been m Supreme court Judge, hurry over to his table without a dinner coat to cov er his dress shirt and vest. In back of him the waiter, who bad Just helped him off with his things, was horrified and speechless. Monarch's Gift to Archers. Henry IV, king of France, made handsome gifts to the guild of arch ers, among others a gold chain, with a hawk attached, and a beautiful gold scepter, dating from about 1609. richly ornamented with a gold hawk and the arms of the guild emblazoned 'on It; at .Important functions this scepter fa carried by the king of the archers. ' Value of Sawdust. Sawdust as a waste product Is a thing cf the past, for It now serves cany - purposes and has an ever-Increasing commercial value, says the American Forestry Magazine. Mixed with day. It makes good tiles and bricks,' and combined with concrete a good flooring material Is obtained.