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THE HAYS FREE PRESS, THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 17, 1921.
THE HAYS FREE PRESS A. L. CLARK & SON. Publishers and Proprietor Issued every Thursday, and enter Ad at the'Postofnce at Hays, Kansas, as second class matter... Subscription Per Year in Advance $1.50 tbIUki 1832 HAYS CATHOLIC. COLLEGE All of the students took paft in the Armistice Day Parade with the ex ception of the football players and several others who were absent the past the "Government has been i spending the day at home. obliged to rely upon the importer s Despite the many preparations our invoice for information regarding me losfc tQ thft fagt piainvine team iK!'? "SGrSS: by the .core of 19 to 3. OwiE to Qusly to investigations regarding the the absence of so many students on and equitable treatment of the prob- j lem. By using American valuation as a basis, a . reasonable degree 01 .Pro tection is afforded by the fixing of a moderate rate. An argument in favor of American valuation is that in j. WHY THEY OPPOSE AMERICAN j . V VALUATION I It is not to be expected that for eign producers will favor any plan for the Protection of American product ive industry against the unfair com petition of foreign products. By "un fair" we do not necessarily mean that there is anything dishonest about it, but that it is unfair to American in dustry to be forced to compete on equal terms with the products of low er production cost countries. If there is no Protection against the products of countries whose wages are a half, a quarter, or a tenth of ours, it is evi dent that our domestic labor and domestic production will suffer. It is also true that there is an un fair foreign competition arising irom the dishonesty of certain foreign ship pers and importers of foreign mer chandise. Our laws say that the duty shall be assessed upon the market value of the imported article in the country of origin, but, it has been found that such values have been im possible to obtain with any degree of accuracy and that advantage has been taken of this fact to undervalue im ports. This has grown into an abuse of enormous proportions, the United States Treasury having lost billions of dollars through such frauds. The American, valuation system will prevent these frauds, and that is one reason why there has been so much opposition to its enactment. No crooked importer is in favor of it, that is certain. No foreign manufacturer is in favor of it, and that also is cer- r nf nroduction or selling: prices . "Appraising officers in general; frankly admit their inability to pass on the correctness of information furnished in invoices. The result has been that for many years unscrupu lous importers have undervalued art icles imported to the detriment of the honest importer and the honest mer chant. "Under the old system certain very large merchants in America have found it to their advantage to acquire manufacturing establishments in for eign countries. The foreign price stated in the invoice did not include profit. This would bear down the dutiable value and the duties paid. The profit would be made on sales in the American market. Obviously the smaller merchant without foreign connections cannot engage in similar practices and the small merchant is obliged to face an unfair sort of com petition. It is not surprising that re nresentatives of some of the very large department stores are stren uously opposing the American valua tion proposal. "The present law is wholly inade quate. From the date of the enact ment of the low rates until the out break of the war in Europe exports did not only not increase but declined with rapidty and alarming regularity, while imports increased. America did not capture foregn markets but for eigners captured American markets. Industrty languished and unemploy ment prevailed. The war checked the flood of foreign goods and created a demand for supplies of every descrip tion, and adverse conditions in 1913 and 1914 were to a large extent for gotten during the continuation of hostilities. "With the end of the war and the resumption of production in Europe, foreign competition once more is be ing keenly felt. Industry and trade in the United States is at a low ebb. -This industrial depression is the in evitable result of the offering of for eign goods upon the American market account of the game and for other reasons, the monthly program of the Newman Club had to be postponed. The program was put on this Thurs day and consisted of the following Persey College Orchestra Somebody's Mother (Poem) Eugene Bieker THE SEVENTH DOCTOR (Farce) Cast of Characters Rufus Sharp, a wealthy uncle .... Anthony Dinges Mose, his colored servant ' J. Wasinger Dr. Homer Path, a. Homeopath .... J. Pf eif er Dr. Allen Path, an Allopath R. Depperschmit Dr. August Molar, a dentist L. Kraus Dr. Daniel Cutter, a surgeon A. Brungardt Dr. Samuel Vetter, a veterinary A. Kuhn Dr. John Rubb, an Osteopath .... J. Koerperick Dr. Thomas Quack, a medicine vender B. Brungardt NEWSPAPERS GOT NAPOLEON'S ! elaborate demonstrations of Bis- pigeons showed some reasoning GOAT j marck's folly in trying to make Ger- power. After several blasts had been Mr. Harding is the first newspaper; many the industrial rival of England. fired, each of which were preceded by man to occupy the white house, and j It could not be. Germany was simply the sound of the whistle, these pigeons it is to be hoped that he wlil have bet-! cutting her own throat. She would be seemed to have reasoned out a con ter success than most country editors' ruined unless she continued to buy nection between the whistle and the who have a heck of a time satisfying jBHh -ooU. But fhe stubborn blast, and immediately as the whistle their subscribers. Speaking of news-j Teutons laughed at these arguments! blew, they took to the air and remain paper men and rulers, Napoleon , and observed that Protection was j ed flying until after the blast, when Bonaparte had no use for editors or( gaining the upper hand in the British! they 'learned .to soon settle down lawyers. He considered them unnec-; colonies. "The British system" was! again. Upon two or three occasions, essary evns and did what he could to not the colonial system. when the whistle blew and the birds It is not long since "the British ! had taken the air k haPPened that the svstPm" had oM., . ,.,v, .v a blast did not go off; then it was v t uvuvvj, r nj OllU V CU I Humiliate and embarass them. There were thirteen newspapers in Paris when he became Emperor of the French and he at once cut the number i conclusively that no South American to eight. As for attorneys he sent as' , V""1U even a Pretence u 7 , , I of home manufacturies. Some of the many of them as he could to the guil-' - , , . , i a- a j i articles were cleverly written but worH eve, pcj. But ,t was tej ZZl' ZTA newspaper fraternity which finally got T - u w,a1'b . , . ,. . . ""'"J i xawici lecenuy comes me Napoleon s goat. The journalistic ews - a R ... . . . . gentlemen of England stirred up the tVmsa' a;i tu j -j i A. ... , . . tnousand articles. The worldwide animosity cf the British who, after . , . , r; ;v,;; i-- c n 1 adoPtion of Free-Trade" is a phrase ir tff tic it , , , " i of the Past it cannot be called wiped off Mr. Napoleon's slate of ac-' f. . v . A , , . to-late. American Economist, comphshment at Waterloo." Nebras- ka City Press. i noticed that these jiigeons fluttered and flew in a peculiar manner, as though they did not know what to make of it and thus indicated- that they undoubtedly associated in their minds by some process of reasoning that the whistle should be followed by an explosion. These facts were re ported to us by a man whose work faced the scene of this building activ- I ity. American Pigeon Keeper up- AND FREE-TRADE FORECASTS FACTS When fro'm 1846 to 1860, Great Britain went abroad, selling enormous quantities of goods, bringing in stores DO PIGEONS THINK? Recently our attention was called to the actions of some pigeons in Chi cago which more than ever before in dicated that they were governed by some reasoning power. An employee of the James B. Clow & Sons has tain. tow it nappens mat certain of, at less than the American cost of pro our merchants who are interested in I duction. the great department stores are also , "The disparity between wages paid interested in foreign manufacturing in America and abroad is very strik plants and hence they may be con- inT The cost of the same or compar J J able article differs in various coun- sidered in the light of foreign manu- tries, due mainly to the lower labor facturers. . wages paid in the countries of lower It must also be understood that the ' Prices- Countries having the lowest 0f ,inr,n.,, . , I paid labor and consequent low cost great department stores reap greater jj.- l i j ... p reaier 0 pr0(ju:ction pay a much lower duty profits from their imported goods than than those countries where civiliza from those of domestic production. tion is most advanced in the standards They charge practically as much for ' of livinK and therefore such countries frnnri ;m,tj i. are very severely discriminated good, imported from countries ofagainst. The result is that American luwer production costs as from those! industry and labor receive Protection Foes United in Death (recitation) J. Stegman The Midnight Train (poem) B. Huser Intermezzo Russe.... College Orchestra The entertainment was enjoyed by all and the striking jokes called forth much healthy laughter. The commercial class put in a full day addressing envelopes which are to carry an important message to the inhabitants of Ellis county. On Saturday the third team will go to Russell to play the public school team of that place. The third team has not yet lost a game and they hope to win this next game and thus putjit all over the first team. oi goia irom Australia, and profiting, called our attention to a singular fact by the disasters of various European j in the actions of some common nations there were many who be- j pigeons which made their home in and lieved that Free-Trade would be the' around the freight sheds across the policy of the world. It seemed likely, j Chicago River from their place of Here there were plenty who either j business. These buildings were torn accepted Free-Trade or had not the , down to make room for the new Chi courage to fight against it. j cago & Alton Railroad freight depot But when, in 1861, the United ; and the pigeons thus deprived of their Papers all over Kansas are speak ing words of praise for Hays and its proposed new million dollar Catholic College. The LaCrosse Chieftain says: "The Cathoics intend building a million dollar school building in Hays. With the State Normal, State Experiment Station, and the Cathoic School, Hays will be one of the edu cational centers of Kansas." The McCracken Enterprise makes this splendid notice : "The announce ment of the proposed $1,000,000 Catholic College to be built at Hays, made last week, Was the biggest piece of news that has ever come -to this city. The new bishop of this diocese of the Catholic church is known as a States adopted a Protective Tariff, regular home took up their position j builder, a vigorous mn wu , . . . . .. ' . . . imnw tViPrp is such a word as failure. With a man of this type behind the and in 1864 strengthened it, there j on an adjoning building immediately were open impugners of such a bold! across the river from the Clow estab 'policy. It was said tha. we could not j lishments. In excavating for the afford to impugn British wisdom, that our experiment was foolish, or even foolhardy, that we would have to re turn to the paths of Cobden and Bright; still we did not do so. There were learned essays which proved to the satisfaction of their foundations for the new freight depot, it was found necessary to do some blasting, and as a "safety-first" meas ure the Clow employees working on the side of the river were informed so they might step out of the danger zone. When the first blast was fired t .i . - V q nrAi pet movement me suttcaa j is assured." Jud Tunkins. Jud Tunkins says early rising Is not much use to man who puts ih most of the la.v takiui: naps. Mr. N. F. Shaw of Plainville, was the guest of his sister, Mrs. C. G. Cochran, over the week end. writers that France was "insane" in' the pigeons roosting on an adjoining! legislating ifor her own industries. building flew into the air and flutter Great Britain had found out the true j ed wildly for long after the blast, but, system of political economy, and to , in the course of time they again set- tlprt dnwn in this same building. As Birds and Cyclones. One naturalist has expressed the Happiness Not Far to Seek. You traverse the world In search of iiapplness, which is within the reach of every man; a contented mind con fers It on nil. Horace. tional bankruptcy. Despite these essays, however France adhered to her policy, and though all the world wondered, she grew more resolute. Forty years or so ago there were another precautionary measure the foreman of the gang always blew a whistle before the blast to warn all the workmen to seek shelter. Now, here is where we think these in which such costs more nearly ap proximate those of our own country, so they oppose the American valua tion, system because, with that system similar goods irom all countries would pay the same amount of duty, ! whereas now they pay much less, the importers pocketing the difference. One of the most active firms in op position to ihtj American valuation system is that of Marshall Field & Co. of Chicago, owners of a great depart ment store and extensive importers of foreign merchandise. This company has been sending out a questionnaire to members of the National Retail Dry Gods Association and of the dif ferent State Retail Dry Goods Assoc iations. Marshall Field & Co., through their president, and perhaps other wise, have asked members of these various sasocrations to oppose the American valuation system. We understand that it is very question able whether the said company be longs to any of the State Associations or to the National Retail Dry Goods Association, and that members of qne or more such associations have been warned against aiding Marshall Field & Co. in their free lance propaganda. It is asserted that the said company should not presume to speak for the retail merchants of the country, for the reason that it has no interest in common with the average retail mer chants. As a matter of fact, it has been able, through its immense cap italization and its huge organization, to secure trade which otherwise would have gone to local merchants . The Michigan Retail Dry Goods Association wrote to Chairman Ford ney of the Ways and Means Commit tee asking him to explain the Amer ican valuation system for the benefit of its members and we have been per mitted to see a copy of his letter of reply, a portion of which appears be low: The Committee held exclusive hearings and the testimony quite con clusively indicaated the ability of foreign countries, especially those with depreciated currency, to" manu facture competitive products and sell . the same in the Amrican markets at far less than American costs." Elsewhere he states ''Under the existing Tariff laws ad ralorem duties are assessed on the Values of the com modity in the country of exportation Protection is . needed nrineiDallT against the country where the produc tion costs and values bare so mater ially declined., but unifcr the old rlaa the amount of duty actually collected decreases in proportion to tbe de creased rrice. Th proposal to cssess duties oa American rather than foreign valua tion and thus make the, rates uniform against all countries ia a eoaserratiTe against a country such as England where the labor costs are highest but little or no Protection against the countries having low labor costs such as Japan and Germany." In this letter of Chairman Ford ney's we think our readers will be able to find additional reason for the opposition of Marshall Field & Co., to the American valuation system, and additional reason why every retail merchant who is not intetrested in foreign manufacturing should favor the system. American Economist. Oiled Axles Stop Friction. Wheels with ordinary, axles actual ly run on films of oil. When the axle Is Disced under the microscope Its surface, which to the eye Is smooth. really Is covered with depressions and bumps. So, too, with the Inside of the hub of the wheel. If the wheel were allowed to run without oil the bumps on the axle and on the hub would rub together and cause friction. This would cause the axle ami huh to be-f come heated and ezpand and stick. SCALES FOR EVERY SCHOOL That a third of the school children of the United States are malnourish ed, this number being 7 per cent or more under normal weight for their age and height, is the startling state ment of Dr. William R. P. Emerson of Boston, an authority on nutrition. Equally as startling are the results of Mother of Ballooning. A washerwoman was the mother ot ballooning and It all started In France about 17SO. The washerwoman wished to dry a skirt more rapidly than could be accomplished by air and sunshine, so she rigged it up over the fireplace. The hot air soon dried the cloth and the woman was astonished to see It round out Into a ball and float up to the celling. A neighbor named Montgolfier saw the strange occurrence and It gave him the Idea an investigation conducted by the Na tional Tuberculosis Association, in-j from which he made the first ballon dicating thatfifty per cent of all chil dren are infected with the tubercle bacillus before they are ten years old. Between these two facts is a rela tion of very serious concern as it is well known that the undernourished child is an easier mark for tubercu losis than the one of normal weight. In view of this relation anti-tuberculosis workers generally, (and 1200 organizations are affiliated with the national association in combating the disease, stress the importance of keep ing children up to the correct weight as a means of warding off tubercu losis. Conditions of underweight, of course, cannot be detected accurately without the use of scales, and this is why they should be in every school. Although definite figures relative to the entire state are unavailable, in vestigation made by the child hygiene division of the State Board of Health indicate that thousands of Kansas children are seriously underweight. Besides engaging in numerous other activities, the Kansas State Tubercu losis Asociation Is working to correct these conditions, and is this year making a special effort along this line. Under a plan worked out by Dr. Charles H. Lerrigo, executive secre tary of the association, each school may obtain a set of weighing and measuring apparatus by x selling Christmas seals. Schools without such equipment will do well to look into 4his opportunity. , Power Tests Character. Nothing discloses real character like the use of power. It is easy for the weak to be gentle. Most people can bear adversity. But if you wish to know what a man really Is, give him power. This Is the supreme test. It Is the glory of Lincoln that, having almost absolute power, he never abused It, except on the side of -mercy. He spoke not to Inflame, not to up braid, but to convince. He was the embodiment of the self-denial, the courage, the hope, the nobility of the nation. Robert Green Ingersoll. How Man Was Made. How the Earthmater, making man from bits of clay, first did not bake him long enough and he came out white, and secondly baked him too long and he came out black, and thirdly baked him Just right and he came out red. Is the Cree Indians explanation of the creation of . the races of man. This and twenty-four other Indian myths are contained in a collection ot. Indian lore recently compiled by Charles E. Brown, cara tor of the Wisconsin State Historical museum at Madison. x ,T All . (4wjrwe4sk Tt vT best thlnj wlthwhlch t feather your nest is cash down ! Car- todas Uaxaslne. The Sandwich Aonetlxsr. The loQg-eatablLshed European cus tom of taking ah appetiter before fila cer, tn the form of a wafer-Ill sand- wicla and a light beverage, has maay rteti la Its favor. The "sideboard," ft l called, can be meat tastefuHy rr4 on a daintily aroofaited tray. Taen ia mesi besiaa with a hot sorp f.9.GZZ trtdc Q gatlrUj for tla -sidibeard Is the meat eatirSie tsry wtT tsrj hocsewtfa ta be mss tsat ta c-s fzRy arf reai? ta tale teiy- at-tia tUa aaa. wldaa are cade ef very tlia cTcea Sssa ef tss4 crap ffsa. a X8 T! Tl T1 SS V-v Pi rr m iTVHl u i Hi u 83 m ; 88 53 I I l V f i I Soutn oi tuuircwu : opinion that birds habitually make use of storms In traveling from one part ef their range to another. He points out that If a 'bird cannot find shelter. It must be more comfortable on the ! wing than on the ground during a Btorm. because In the fiercest gaies the air. as a mass, is at rest; that Is. the bird Is In a moving, supporting metiinm. like a swimmer in a strougly flowinc river. cram era NOTE BOOK PAPER Ruled and Unruled 8x102 per 100 sheets 30 cents. TYPEWRITER PAPER size 8x11 per 100 sheets, 3 grades 15c - 20c - 25c JOURNAL and LEDGER PAPER Two packages for 15 cents. PENCIL TABLETS Any size 5c. FOUNTAIN PEN INK All colors at 15 cents per bottle. INDIA INK at 25 cents per bottle. DRAWING PAPER-5 and 10c pads CONSTRUCTION PAPER Black and Colors. Size 20x25 Smooth Finish 5c per sheet. Linen Finish 2 for i 5c. Gut any size without extra charge- ( At. The Free Press Office ) Sajrs City tCdriscs