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THE HAYS FREE PRESS, HAYS, KANSAS.
(THE HAYS FREE PRESS A. L. CLARK Sl SON. Publishers anil Proprietors Issued every Thursday, and enter ed at the Postoffice at Hays, Kansas, ma second class matter. Subscription Per Year in Advance $1.50 E.tbliW 1832 FROM KANSAS STOCKMAN Retiring First fipnd Issue The announcement of the secre tary of-the treasury that the govern ment will retire the outstanding 400 million dollars of 3 per cen tax exempt Victory notes June 15 next, and will pay par and accrued inter est for them any time between now and that date, was received with favor by farmers and stockmen. It marks the first full retirement of any of the war issues. The government has bought a great many of these notes in the open market. The total Victory note issue in 1919, including 4 and 33 per cents, was 4,495 million dollars. About a billion dol lars for the entire issue already has! been retired. They are due May 20, 1923, and redeemable June 15 or December 15 this year. ooooo Farm Losses in 1921 Farmers lost 3Vi billion dollars in 1921. The final report of the. United States Department of Agriculture puts a value of only 5,676 million dollars on last year's crop production compared with 9,075 million in 1920; 13,689 million in 1919. The 1921 value is the lowest since 1908, at that time the things the farmers buy were 35 to 50 per cent cheaper than they are now. However, the ray of hope is offered that the depressed condition of agriculture has reached bottom, from now on will improve, ooooo How Deflation Has Hit Farmer Just how the farmer has been af fected in the price deflation was pointed out by Representative Sidney Anderson, chairman of the Farm Conference and of the congressional agricultural commission. IL told how the commission had' obtained exact figures of what farm products would buy and the effect of freight rates on farm prices. In making this study, the . commission took four typical farm implements, wagon, corn bind er, grain harvester and gang plow. Goodland, Kan., was one of the ponts from which a study was made. Here is what the investigation developed as related by Chairman Anderson: The cost of these implements at Goodland, Kan., including freight, in 1913, was $490.50; in 1120, $944, and in 1921, $761. The amount of corn required to purchase the imple ments at Goodland in 1913 was 928 bushels; in 1920, 706 bushels, and in 1921, 4,142 bushels. The freight on the quantity of com required to pur chase the implements from Goodland to Chicago in 1913 was $122.16; in 1920. $179.30, and in 1921, $1,051. 41. The total freight involved in the transaction in 1913 was $195.17; in 1920, $315.09, and. in 1921, $1,186. 63. The effectof a decrease in the cost of transportation is indicated by the following statement: Between October 15, 1921, and January 3, 1922, the freight rate from Goodland to Chicago on corn decreased from 25 cents to 19 cents per bushel. This decrease in the cost of transportation was re flected in an increase in the price sufficient to reduce the number of bushels required to purchase these four farm implements from 4,142 bushels to 3,036 bushels, while the total freight cost of moving the corn dropped from $1,051.41 to $578.01. tion on one class of individuals for the benefit of others. A bill is now proposed in Cogress to place a national tax of three cents a gallon to raise the money for a sol diers' bonus. In Oregon gasoline already bears specal taxes of two cents a gallon and an attempt was made to load it with an additional cent to defray the expenses of a state exposition. This merely illustrates the unfair ness of taxing any industry or group of persons in this manner. If the federal gas tax bill was passed and state gas tax bills were enacted, the automobile owner and the farmer with his tractor would be paying from three cents a gallon up to six cents a gallon or more total tax on every drop of gasoline they used. Is there any justice in such taxa tion whether it be levied against gas oline, bank deposits, public utility gross earnings, newspaper subscrip tions, insurance incomes or any other line of business which bears a special tax not applicable to all alike and over and above all other taxes which such industry or persons must pay Ex. Rocky Mountain Motor Tour Schedule It is not too early to call the at tention of tourists to the automobile trips which have been scheduled for the year 1922 by the Rocky Moun tain Parks Transportation Company of Denver. The shorter routes have been so planned that the tourist sees a very comprehensive variety of scenery in a limited time, and this purpose has been accomplished with particular success in an eight-hour tour which has not previously been included in the schedule. From Denver the route followed on this trip covers 107 miles, through a seres of mountain panoramas that includes practically every type. It is known as the "Crest and Canyon Tour," and is completed between nine in the morning and five in the afternoon, lunch being taken at the Idaho Springs Hotel, where meals are served a la carte. It passes over the shoulders of Squaw Mountain and Chief 'Mountain to Echo Lake, almost due west of Denver, reaches a height of 11,000 feet, and presents views of most of the highest Colo rado peaks, from Pikes to Lnogs. The cost of the drive is $8.00. The Denver Mountain Park Trip is completed in four hours and. costs $4.00. It follows the steep pathways up Lookout Mountain, and passes through Bergen and Joylan Parks to Bear Creek Canyon, the return to Denver being made via Morrison. A still shorter trip over Lookout Mountain takes two hours and thirty minutes and costs $2.50. It includes a visit to Buffalo Bill's grave and Johnny Baker's Museum, which con tains Indian curios and souvenirs of the pioneer days. These features are also included in the two first-mentioned drives. As many parties bound for the west coast spend several hours, and often a whole day, in Denver, these opporutnities fo seeing the Rockies in a short time should make a strong appeal to transcontinental tourists. Holders of tourist tickets to points west of Denver are not charged extra fare for the route through to that point, and arrangements for some of j the longer drives can ibe made in ad vace with the trasportation company throug hthe Union Pacific offices. To gain a more intimate knowledge of typical Rocky Mountain scenery, it is of course, advisable to take at least one of the latter trips, such as the "Circle Tour" by the Fall River and Grand Lake Route, with stopovers at different points. SPECIAL TAXATION UN-AMER ICAN The question of taxation has never been so generally discussed in the United States since the days of the Boston Tea Partv. as it is at the present time. Instead of studying ways and means ta reduce taxation, states such as Oregon, have actually appro priated as niuch as $10,000 of the taxpayers' money for a special com mittee "to investigate new sources of revenue to furnish additional taxes." Both states and nation have wanaerea iar irom tne oasic prin cipal of our government, equal taxa- tin. After loading public utilities, rail roads, banks, insurance companies, automobile owners and other lines of industry with all the special taxes, in addition to general taxes, which these groups can stand, new forms of taxa tion are now sought to furnish addi tional revenue for the tax spending machines. Already we have the gasoline tax in various state running from a cent gallon up. This is merely a subter fuge to Taise money by special taxa- THE PROBLEM OF ELECTRIFI CATION The eventual electrification of all railroads is a subject which seems to be almost as popular with the gen eral public as with certain circles of the engineering profession. There is no doubt that those who travel for pleasure would get more enjoyment out of each trip if open windows never admitted engine smoke, and if a head thrust out of the window never meant a cinder in the eye. Also, cities like Chicago, with an elo quent grievance against their "smoke nuisance," would welcome this con summation with cheers. But the problem is principally one of finance, as is shown in an article in the Nov ember 15, 1921, issue of the New York Evening Post, written by W. I. Cunningham, professor of transport ation, Harvard University. Part of his article is quoted, in criticism of the Super-power Survey Report : "There is evidence of an inclina tion to go out of .bounds fn making a case in favor of electricity arid against steam. The zeal of the elec trical engineer, who is firmly con vnced as to the general soundness of his conclusions, is quite natural, but the report would carry much greater weight if it were less biased. "For example, in the item of fuel the electrical engineers have assumed that a steam locomotive requires seven and one-half pounds . of fuel for each kilowatt-hour of work at the rim of the drivers. Against this they set an estimate of two pounds under electrical operation. From these data it is assumed that electrification will save two-thirds of the fuel bill. "It is interesting to compare this Steam Truck. Coke for Fuel. An English Inventor has perfected steam motor mirk, whrt-h uses coke for fuel. "IN A BAD WAY" Many a Hays Reader Will Feel Grateful for this Information If your back gives out; Becomes lame, weak or aching; If urinary troubles set in, Perhaps your kidnevs are "in n i bad wav." theoretical saving of two-thirds -of . Doan's Kidney Pills are for weak the fuel with the actual figures. In j kidneys. discussing the subject before a joint! Local evidence proves their merit, meeting of the Societies of Electrical j and Mechanical Engineers in New York in October, 1920, the chief elec trical engineer of the N. &. W., stated that a comparison of fuel consump tion on the electrified divisions with tests made with modernized Mallet type locomotives under similar con ditions indicated that the saving in fuel by electrical operation was 29.3 per cent. This is less than one-third. If the Superpower Survey engineers had assumed a saving of one-third in stead of two-thirds (the former is closer to the facts), the estimated fuel savings would be cut in two. "The problem is essentially one of finance. In the case of a railroad that has an investment in road and equipment of, say, $100,000 per mile something more than a question able return is needed to induce re commendations for an investment of, say, $40,000 more per mile for elec trification. On every hand there are needs for additional investments of other kinds." out andhardly able to do my work around the house. I have awful at tacks of backache and when I stoop over, I become dizzy and get head aches. Then my kidneys act irreg ularly, too. Doan's Kidney Pills which I et at Harkness' Drug Store always entirely free me of such trou ble." Price 60c, at all dealers. Don't smply ask for a kdney remedy get Doan's Kidney Pills the same that Mrs Beach had. " Foster-Milburn Co., Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y. Man Can Make Himself. In the majority of Instances a man can do what be pleases with MniseJf can make what he wants to make of himself. Things that get in his path are not obstacles unless he choose to regard them obstacles. Man is his own maker. Heroes of War and Peace. We worship the heroes of war and neglect the heroes of peace. The for mer are few, the latter many. Tney are the men and women who con stantly serve" humanity, presently Ideals, uplifting standards, serving through love. Exchange. ! f C. Sell waller's Sons. DEALERS m Lumber, Shingles, Lime, BARBED WIRE Cement, Coal, Etc., Etc. HAYS. KANSAS COUNTY FARM BUREAU NOTES Prairie Dog Control With the exception of two or three townships in the county all are mak ing every effort this year to clean out the prairie -dogs. Ten bushels of poisoned oats have already been distributed and twenty-five more bushels will be on hand after March 4th. On March 4th, Mr. Wade, exten sion specialist from Manhattan, in rodent control work, will be rn the county to help mix this poison. Fol lowing this will be an active cam paign to rid the county of these pests. After completing the poison ing along about 'May, when the weather is warm, following a rain, we will use carbon bi-sulphide plug ging the holes after using it. The cost of the campaign will iperhaps be a little higher than in some years in the past but according to one or two of the turstees it will not ex ceed their usual cost by a great deal. When this campaign is completed every dog in the county should be killed. When once completely erad icated, this will mean a saving of a good many thousand dollars to the people of this county. If you have any dogs on your place get in touch with our trustee or the county agent and get the poison when it arrives and get rid of the dogs. The united effort is necessary in order to be successful. 'The Oldest Life Insurance Company in America" 1 1 Insurance-Company of New York 34 Nassau Street, New York Wiutwl 1Mb In 1921 Paid Policyholders a Total of $95,239,239 One Billion Seven Hundred and Thirty-Six Million Dollars paid to Policyholders since the Company began business in 1843 Millinery School Mrs. Mach from the Division of Extension at Manhattan, is in the county this week, holding two mil linery schools. A further report of this work will be given next week. The officers of the Farm Bureaus and the County Agents from this sec tion of the state will meet in the City Hall, Friday, at 1 p. m., to dis cuss the plan relating to farm bureau and County Agent work. Dividends to Policyholders in 1921, $26,090,345 Total Dividends to Policyholders Since the Beginning of Business $361,465,227 Total Paid-for Insurance Established in 1921 $343,750,863 Insurance in Force December 31, 1921 $2,472,651,779 BALANCE SHEET DECEMBER 31, 1921 ASSETS Real Estate J 11.706, Mortgage Loans 111,760 Policy Loans U. S: Liberty Bonds Other Bonds Stocks .'. Interest and Rents due and accrued Premiums in course of collections .... Cash ($6,155,422.04 at interest) Cash advanced to pay claims 96,750 88,279 329.923, 17.092 8,861, 5,320, 6.684. 1.125. 467.68 865.78 337.11 .050.00 625.78 ,790.50 375.34 532.56 497.22 957.30 Total Admitted Assets $677,505,499.27 LIABILITIES Policy Reserve Supplementary Contract Reserve .... Other Policy Liabilities Premiums. Interest, and Rents paid .in advance Miscellaneous Liabilities Reserve for Taxes payable in 1922 , Dividends payable in 1922 '. Reserved for Future Deferred Divi dends Contingency Reserve (Surplus) $569,864,963.00 4.25S.926.88 8.035.790.42 1,386.162.29 18.104.22.168 3.883.026.10 29.831.279.17 31. 14.585.45 28.051.686.81 Total Liabilities $677,505,499.27 TEN YEARS PROGRESS Dec. 31 Asset 1911 $587,130,263 1921 677,505,499 Liabilities $575,819,643 649,453,912 ! Surplus $11,310,620 28,051,587 Income $84,913,851 133,388,263 Payments to Policy-holders $57,052,589 95,239,239 Insurance , in Force $1,504,974,662 2,472,651,779 The Supreme Excellence. In character, in manner, in st3'le. Id all things, the supreme excellence is simplicity. I.nnjrfellow. IELLER BROS, Agesife Phone 47, HAYS, KANSAS Office Over First Nat'I Bank I' 1't'f $ 1'ttf tyTTT ? ? 1 f f ?. T.f !!!!!!! m ! e i lit 1 1 1 i.iii.i.i.,i,i i s mini IH..HW i ii 1 1 ii i. i,i t it ii i t V e m nT TV! TJT Ti ;J h t : ? i 'i r Ji4 ri 7' I IK I I 3 Days Commencing iunday , February 2 t la n Tl THE CHILDREN ALL ARE GONE 'OVER THE HILL WILLIAM FOX PRODUCTION, i 5. B Don't be a back number. See the photoplay that has set New York talking from the Battery to the Bronx. The William Fox production of "Over the Hill" is the most remarkable photoplay of this age. A film treat for those who like plenty of good old-fashioned sentiment mixed with plenty of brisk, wholesome comedy. Matinee Sunday at 3 p. m. Admission 10 and 20 Cents Night Admission 10 and 40 Cents On account of the length of the Picture there will caly be ONE SHOW each night, beginning at S o'clock