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. h"i 4 h i .AVW -j LP il ii jilU .11. .it ,ii VOL. XU. NO. 23 HAYS. ELLIS COUNTY. KANSAS . THURSDAY. MAY 25. 1922. SUBSCRIPTION $150 PER YEAH 1 ! -! Agriculture in Wecfwnrd Hq Swenr n Crpnt Armv nficrPs- The reader niav Juds th Industrious Home-Making People . x ! choose from, the buffalo Ellis Countv Has Benefitted Greatly bvlern Kansas as tke m05t r, TTr , ; age section. , 1 nis Westward 1 reak. Hays, Once , a Rough Cynosure of all Eyes and Progress of Its Citizenry. (By R. Kenneth Evans) This is the third of a series of fifteen industrial articles which will be published in the Free Press, one each week for the next fifteen weeks for the purpose of outlining to the out side world the vast field of. op portunities existing here for ad vancement and success. The facts contained in these articles are all absolutely reliable and gathered by an expert publicity man, who has had many years' experience in this business. The Free Press throughout this length of time, will make an effort to show that there is not a county west of the Miss issippi river that offers a wider field of endeavor than Ellis county. Every phase of indus trial life and business activity will be covered in a thorough and constructive manner. The carrying out of this campaign has been made possi ble by the advertising support accorded by the many progres sive business institutions of Hays, the metropolis and Cap ital of Ellis county and this"" section of Kansas. After read ing industrial article turn to the industrial pages and see who these progressive firms are, who so willingly have come to the assistance of this enter prise. Every reader of the Free Press can assist very material ly in this campaign by sending his own copy of the paper to friends or relatives in other sections of this state or other states after he has completed reading it, that these friends might learn of the opportunities of this splendid productive section. THE PUBLISHERS. Searching the great undeveloped areas of the west for possible loca tion for reclamation projects, the federal and state governments, rail roads, enterprising individuals and corporations have joined forces in the great scientific conquest of the Great American desert, and have brought about an epoch in the development of the .west. Millions of acres of land which for centuries have bleached in the burn ing sun, barren and forbidding, have been transformed into farms and orchards. Thriving commuities have sprung up where the wheels of indus try hum under the buys hand f am bitious, independent, happy-and con tented people. Great rivers, which for countless ages have crawled slug gishly to the sea have been conquered by the ingenuity of man and put to 'work creating and maintainng lfe. Tens of thousands of American peo ple have risen from the humble em ployment to the full measure of inde pendent existence, producing the ne cessities of life from the soils of the Earth. "Back to the farm" has grown to be a national slogan and Wherever transportation has made easily ac cessible the- areas reclaimed, lands have been fruitful and profitable to the satisfaction of the most enthus iastic. Westward has swept a great army of industrious, home making people, who have swarmed to these areas and are building substantial, lasting argi cultural communities. Along "with other states Kansas has received a portion of this westward immigration and especially does this apply to the Ellis Countv and Kansas ' ' 7 A I Frontier Town, Now thejaL Because of the Push western half of the state which is still in the process of development, but the portion has been altogether too small in view of the inducements the state has to offer. Agricultural Possibilites The disarmament conference, labor unrest, railroad situation, financial and national economic problems have been side tracked today by one class of citizens the agriculturists. He has a question to solve, the import ance which has forced into existence all his mental strength. He is con fronted with the situation different from anything he has previously ex perienced. Due to a local demand on account of high food stuffs, his fac tory his farm of production reach ed an unprecedented value. In thou sands of cases additional lands were purchased, so as to prevent ' others from owning what he had long de sired. Today grain and food stuffs prices are down to a pre-war figure when land was much cheaper. There still remains the annual overhead expense of an interest charge on invested capital that present day prices for farm products cannot keep pace with: The' situation has -become so acute that the serious side of facing an annual loss, has not only been real ized by the farmer but by the gen eral public. The importance of the condition and how to bring about a change that will -afford a solution is a prob lem that has worried the minds of economists, expert and otherwise, but without definite results. No com mercial enterprise could long exist where the revenue and profits -were not in keeping with the invested cap ital, though the farmer with his char acteristic patients and born fortitude holds in hopes of higher prices for his products. This has come in a meas ure and since March 1 there has been some advance, but there is always the uncertainty that gives not pres ent relief or permanent contentment. After all is said and done there is a solution, and the state of Kansas offers that solution, if those earnest ly seeking it desire to take advantage of it.. The farmer must raise his pro ducts on lower priced land; he must seek for lands which can be pur chased at less than one-fifth of the value of the high priced lands from which in other states, and some sec tions of eastern Kansas, he is vainly trying to extract a profit, and which will produce as many dollars per acre. The knowledge of the present con dition is 'apparent -to everyone.; Many may not admit 'it, but never theless the situation must be iaced. In justice to the natural desire to get the full return for labor and invest ment, Western Kansas submits its fields for investigation. Farm lands are raising in value. Each county in the wetern part of the state offers its advantages to the prospective resi dent. If he is a farmer he may find these conditions to which he is most accustomed and which he believes essential to success, with his exper ience as a guide. Certain it is that the soil of the state is rich and productive and will hold forth no luring promise that it will not fulfill. Be the crop old or new to them, the new resident farmer may be sure of a successful crop if he will but observe the rules which "common sense" prescribes. Kansas holds out a welcome to a rich land with the comforts of life, yet one where the prices are just beginning to aspire towards those for which similar lands in older, longer settled states are sold; to a land where suc cess is certain if the man be willing .1 j to put forth proper effort himself, without . which nothing can succeed; !SuTfate , " , . Tjje chief agricultural products 01 Western Kansas are Wheat, corn. barley, kafir corn, alfalfa and forage nutrition 3 properties of tho wild hay i "and productiveness of the soil when it is stated that in pioneer times, with the whole c-f North America to ehose West favored for Ellis County Statistics Ellis countv is pre-eminently an agricultural section, located in the part in its development there are also vast opportunities for dairying, stock . raising and poultry production. The county has an area of 900 square miles and a county acreage of 576,000 acres. Of this amount 545, 842 acres are now under cultivation with 13,493 acres available for culti vation but which has not as yet been put to work producing the necessities of life. Of the county 26,966 acres are maintained for grazing purposes and are covered with the rich native buffalo grasses which are noted for their nutritive properties. In the entire county of Ellis there is only approximately 1,000 acres that are neither available for grazing or culti vation and this includes some water area. N The major crops of Ellis county, which are the same comparatively of this 'entire section of Western Kan sas, are wheat, corn, barley and kafir corn. Of the county acreage 222, 761 acres are planted to wheat and will produce on an average of ten bushels to the acre and in many in stances the county has averaged above the acre average of the United States of -fourteen bushels to the acre. Corn is produced on 10,502 acres of the county's lands and will average with other corn producing states in the corn belt. Barley is grown on 7,086 acres of Ellis county lands and will produce on an aver age of ..fifteen bushels ..to the, acr-?. Kafir corn is grown on 25,033 acres and will average fourteen bushels to the acre. It is not the purpose of this series of articles to mislead as to existing conditons in Kansas and while it would be possible to make a very fine showing quoting on an average period of ten years for production in the State, it is the intention Sl the writer to present conditions in their true light. This year prospects are not as bright as in years past and Western Kansas is not a country for a one year farmer. That is in other -words the tenant farmer who expects to make a living in one year in one sec tion and move to another for the next year would not find this a profitable field but for the man who comes to Western Kansas determined to stay and will take the good years with the bad,, there is not a section that offers a more substantial livlihood. This year, at the time of the writ ing of this article, the wheat pros pects were' showing but fifteen per cent of the making of an average crop. Barley will produce ninety per cent of an average crop this year, and every indication is that corn and Kafir corn will produce an average crop, unless unlooked for conditions arise, which would be abnormal. Wheat was hurt by dry' winter weather and high winds and in some instances, the crop has been entirely abandoned and the ground is now be ing-plowed and planted to the other major crops. Other crops wheh are grown in Ellis county are .pats, rye, alfalfa, some potatoes, fruits and other farm products. These lesser crops produce fairly and assist very materially in the diversified farming in this section and which is so very essential to suc cess. The rainfall of Western Kansas is ample to insure a crop in an average year and in the period from 1868 to 1917 averaged 22.83 per cent with approximately eighty per cent of this rainfall coming down during the growing season or from March 30 to September 30. The altitude is 2,000 feet, which is high enough to insure a healthful climate and not too high .for the growing and profuse production of all, crops which are native of the temperate zone. . The soil is a sandy loam with a substan tial sub-soil of clay and is generally of alluvial deposit. It is considered an exceptionally productive soil which has not been leached or washed out by the rains of the a'ges which has been a characteristic of lands where the ranfall has been more ex tensive and driving. The average size of farms in Ellis county js 400 acres. It is generally conceded that these farms - are too large arid from this standpoint the county could well accommodate 200 more farmer families very easily, this being an exceptional conservative estimate. The improvements on Western Kansas farms are in keeping with the development of the west and in many instances strictly modern homes, equipped with electric light plants, waterworks systems, etc., are to hp frnn-l iWifVi onhstanfisil Vitimc L silos and other modern conveniences .wnieh are so essential to successful farm life. Seventy per cent of the farm lands in Ellis county are farmed by owners while thirty per cent are tenant farmed. An agricultural association is maintained which . has played an important part in the agricultural development .of the county. This association was organized in March 1920 after it was realized that such associations are essential to the dev elopment to a maximum of agricul tural sections. The association was responsible for the introduction of Kanred wheat in 1921 which is espe cially adopted for this soil and "clim atic conditions. Farmers to the num ber of 180 have been taught by this association the culling of chickens; boys' and girls' clubs for agriculture, dairying and, stock raising, domestic science, domestic art and poultry production have been formed; plans for an extension campaign this fall are now in the making and generally speaking the association is' developing into an important factor. Some dry farming is practiced in Ellis county, the same as in other western states. Dry farming is farming by all the known rules and good common sense. Class of drought resisting crops are grown and in the main, the sorghums make up the dry land crops in Ellis coun ty. Truck farming is also followed to some extent for local consumption and some melons are raised. Fruit is produced,-there being 144 apple trees and from 190 to 315 bushels are produced annually; peaches are raised on 117 trees; ana cnernw raised on 313 trees. This is not a fruit producing section as all trees have been planted by the settlers, Kansas being a part of the vast 'prairie regons makng up the Great Amercan desert. Kansas has so wide a diversity of w. onH interests with oppor- tunities that it may well be said that there is something here for anyone who wishes to invest or to work. The one great industry is agriculture like the adjoining states in the Great Central Plains and other industries are relatively small. It is especially true that those who live in Western Kansas and who. have taken an active part in its development and advance ment, are considered fortunate. Western Kansas and Ellis county will always give returns to those who wish to live and work while they live. WHERE IS THE CITY DUMP WTell, it is NOT along the Golden Belt Road west of town along Big Creek, neither is dt out on the Ex periment Station or Normal grounds, nor any other private property or public highway. If you want to go to the City Dump go to the west 'City limits; then go north along the section line road one and one-half miles; turn west three fourths of a mile to the Bal'Wasinger farm; turn in the gate and go about j 400 feet north to the dump. Take all your rubbish out there but observe this: Do not take paper out there. Burn it. Do not take dead animals, rot ten eggs, putrid meat or any other decaying or offensive smelling matter out there un less you bury it under the ground. The laws of the State Board of Health are very strict in this respect. Observe this and you will be clear of trouble. It is strictly against the Laws of the State of Kansas' to dump rubbish on private property or on public roads adjoining private property. If you take it to the regular City Dump you won't have to sneak out there during the night. If we can't save you money, we dont want your business. Is that fair WHOLESALERS CASH STORE CO. .We Sell for Less. PAVING INFORMATION Are you. interested in paving for the City? Of course you are. You are either in favor of or you are op posed to it. Well if it doe's not mat ter which side of the fence you are on you probably want to know some thing about it so here is some inform ation which -will interest you. The price of br:'ek paving runs shout 'like this: Ellis -- ?3.21 per sq. yard Ellinwood, 2.86 " " " Chapman 2.95 " " " " Topeka brick .... 3.00 " " " Asphalt 2.45 " " " Salina 3.23 " " " These prices would indicate that Hays can pave at about $3.00 per square yard. However for the sake of figuring on the safe side, let us assume that it would cost $3.25 per square yard. Cost of paving in front of a fifty foot lot'of a residence street, which would be one-half the width of the streetwould be: 50 feet of curb and gutter at $1.00 per ft $50.00 600 square feet or 67 yards of paving at $3.25 per yd 217.75 Total cost to property holder $267.75 The City Commissioners expect to issue serial bonds running from one to twenty years which divides this into twenty equal payments. With interest added this would amount to an average of $20.08 per year. If side streets are also paved this would be increased as follows for the benefit district: 250 It of curb and gutter $250.00 334 sq yds paving 1075.50 Total Your share $1,325.50 $147.28 Your total cost would be $415.03 Average cost per yr for 20 yrs $31.13 When we opened our store in your city, we were a little afraid of its success, on account of this being a farming community. Naturally, farmers having only one crop to de pend on for money, we were afraid that ja cash business would not appeal to them. But we are hapily surprised. Business is getting better every day, and our efforts are appreciated be yond our expectations. Goods are coming in now. Watch for our Sale. WHOLESALERS CASH STORE CO. We Sell for Less. NAVY RESUMES RECRUITING ACTIVITIES Lieutenant G. D. Hull, U. S. Navy, Officer in charge of the Navy Recruit ing Station, Kansas City, Mo., Head quarters for this District, announces receipt of orders to resume recruit ing activities effective immediately in all branches. All enlistments will be for four years. The minimum age for first enlistments is eighteen years. All first enlistment men will be transferred to the Naval Training Station, San Francisco, for training Previous, naval service men,' out over four months and less than one year,, who hold honorable discharges or good discharges or older forms of ordinary discharges recommended for reenlistment, will be reenlisted in the ratings in which discharged pro vided it comes within the allowed scope of ratings. In this connection, married men or men hvaing depend ents will be required to produce evi dence to the effect that their enlist ment will not later on require a special order discharge. SUMMER TERM OF MUSIC Lessons on Mandolin, Guitar, Ukelele, Piano, and Violin. Up to date methods " by an experienced teacher. No money in advance. Satisfaction guaranteed. Two doors west of City Hall, or Hays City Drug Store. m25t2 KANSAS FINANCIER VISITS HERE The Grand Valley News, of Gar field county, Colorado, in the heart of the Oil Shale country, has the fol lowing iii its. issue of May 20th, of one of our Hays residents; but Bill will please explain where the oil wells are located in Ellis county, as also who are the ugly men: "William J. Madden of Ellis coun ey, Kansas, and one of the wealthiest men in the western section of the commonwealth, 'which is famous for its big wheat crops, -oil wells, fat babies, pretty women and ugly men, made this section a visit during the present week. Mr. Madden owns sev eral valuable ranches below Grand Valley." MORGAN FOR GOVERNOR This is what Will T. Beck of the) Holton Recorder, has to say about W. Y. Morgan: "There is lately an unmistakable trend here towards the candidacy of Ex-Lieutenant Governor W. Y. Mor gan of Hutchinson. His platform, promises economy and cutting down of governmental expenses where it' does not destroy efficiency. By changes in the taxation scheme, he advocates shifting some of the bur dens from the shoulders of the farm er and the business man to shoulders that have not been toting their share of the load. The fact that Morgan is a Kansan of the finest type, a success ful business man, and well versed by long experience in state affairs and . departmental business, is appealing to many of the local Republicans. They feel such a candidate is needed to head the party ticket and win suc cess for the Republicans in - Novem ber." . RUSTLINGS . . (By J. C. Ruppenthal) For more than fifty of the sixty-one years that Kansas has been a state, no one but Republicans have sat on the supreme bench. Yet some people really think that voters try to be free from partisan bias in choosing judges. Only two years out of sixty-one were there two Populist fusion Democrats in power on the court with one Re publican associate. One -Democrat was judge with two Republicans as associates for about eight months by appointment of Governor Glick. One f usionist sat with two Reublicans for four years. Six Republicans sat with one f usionist for two years. Alto gether there have been a little niore than 249 years of Republican service and a little less than thirteen years of others in that court. Are secret societies more religious than religions? Are they more Christian than churches? A writer in the New Ages for April, Scottish Rite magazine says: "The main truth of free masonry (is) that all men are one. Nothing. short of this sense of brotherhood, even between ourselves and our late enemies the Central Powers can melt ancient antipathies into sympathetic understandings. Christian fought against Christian in 1 the (World) War; Protestant slew Protestant, Roman Catholic killed -Roman Catholic; but on more than one occasion when Mason met Mason, life was spared and kindness shown." How many Christians would say that because of Christianity they spared an enemy's life in the late war? Bunkerhill Advertiser. MAYOR'S PROCLAMATION On Tuesday, May 30th, Memorial Day will be observed throughout the land, and it is therefore fitting that we join with our f ellowmen in paying tribute to our heroes, and I recom mend that all citizens in so far .as possible, joirrin the exercises of the day. Done this 24th day of May, 1922. C; A. Harkness, Attest: Emily C. Johnson, Mayor. (L S) Clerk. Mr. end Mrs. F. Lovell will move Friday, into their new home on Mis sion Mount, purchased from, The . Home Builders' Association recently During the past several years, Mr. and Mrs. Lovell have been residing an the E. R. King -apartments - on West Juniata street. Mr.- and Mrs. E. R. King have sold their apart ment house and during the past week moved to the bungalow court of The Home Builders' Association. J. F. Corder, an attorney cf Sa lina, spent Friday in our city on busi ness,' " " ..'