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If Ji A h i v ,3 i 3 ! Ml ILUf 11 VOL. XU. NO. 27 HAYS. ET.T.TS COUNTY. KANSAS . THURSDAY. JUNE 8. 1922. SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 PER YEAR State Historical Society f . V V f 1 - ( A I ' 1 I fie iarymg industry MIS y- . Of the r OrCmqSt JJairy L.OlintieS; . ' 111 the Otclte I j : On e From a Dairy Stand Has a Great Future Good Dairy Cows Means More Money For the Farmer (By R. Kenneth Evans) Thisjs the fifth of a' series of fifteen industrial articles which will be published in the Free Press7 one each week for the next fifteen weeks for the purpose of outlining to the out side world the vast field of op portunities existing here for ad vancement and success. The facts contained in these articles are all absolutely reliable and gathered by an expert publicity man, who has had many years' experience in this business. The Free Press throughout this length of time, will make an effort to show 'that there is not a county west of the Miss issippi river that offers a wider field of endeavor than Ellis county. Every phase of indus trial life and business activity will be covered in a thorough and constructive manner. The carrying out of this campaign has been made possi ble by the advertising support accorded by the many progres sive business institutions of Hays, the metropolis and Cap ital of Ellis county and this section of 'Kansas. After read ing1 industrial article turn to (the industrial pages and see who these progressive firms are, who so willingly have come to the assistance of this enter prise. Every reader of the Free Press can assist very material ly in this campaign by sending his own copy of the paper . to friends or relatives in other sections of this state or other states after he has completed reading it, that these friends might learn of the opportunities of this splendid productive section. THE PUBLISHERS. DAIRYING MEANS PROSPERITY Edgar W. Cooley (Agricultural Extension Department; international Harvester Com pany) Dairy farming is diversified farm ing and calls for a system of crop rotation. It helps maintain fertility, increases tne value 01 crops, reduces I the cost of transportation. It means marketing of crops through dairy products. Selling the crops in the form of butter, milk and cream, and saving the fertility in farm manures. Dairy farming means more silos, to preserve the green summer crops for v.-inter feed. It means more legume crops, alfalfa clovers, etc. Dairy farming utilizes cheap rough age such as corn stover, fodder and straw, which usualjy goes to waste. There are millions of dollars worth of feed wasted every year in the United States which should be converted in to meat or milk. There is waste on every farm, and especially on grain farms where few cattle are kept. Dairy farming distributes the labor on the C&rm; gives something to do every day in the year; gives employ ment to every member of the family. Dairy farming promotes industry and cultivates ambition among the boys and girls on the farm. It is essential to the highest development of agriculture and country life. The best receipt for continued sue cess is to have something to sell every week in the year. We must make our living secure. We must not depend entirely upon one crop. Dairy farming means better farms, better schools and better homes, bet ter folks, better communities. It has long been known that the dairy cow returns a greater propor tion of the food value she consumes than does the animal raised for 'beef. The importance therefore, of a good Ian 9 Point Ellis County! dairy herd as a means of making a home is an essential factor that must be considered iby every resident of Western Kansas and never should an opportunity to improve the herd be passed. Ellis county has a great future, . from a dairy standpoint. Good water, plenty of feed and good markets for ! dairy products whether it be whole ; milk, cheese, butter; ice cream or , condensed milk. j Plenty of good grain hay, native I hay, alfalfa, sweet clover, some oats i and silage crops can be grown, which i eliminates in ordinary years nay pos , sibllity of feed shortage. Good perma- nent pasture can be obtained, and j this goes far towards economical pro- duction of dairy products. Holstein breed predominates in this county, and they are giving ex cellent results. A concerted effort is being made hy all interested in coun ty development including the farm bureau to emphasize generally the opportunities existing for dairy pro duction. There are? approximately 100 pure bred cows dn the county and the number is increasing year (by year as the opportunities and advantages are realized. Creameries and their representa tives are scattered throughout Ellis county and this entire section of Kan sas. The same progressive organiza tions may prosper here that exist in the corn belt and everything is prac tically the same except that opportun ities are greater. The climate is well adapted for dairying and there exists a wonderful field, in the making, for those who are interested in the dairy business. Due to the dry climate ex tensive and expensive' bams are not so necessary as in some other states. Every transportation company operating in Western. Kansas is giv ing careful and special attention to the dairy industry and assists farm ers in every possible way to acquire good dairy stock. They work through all possible channels for its encouragement and make liberal pro visions for hauling the products from railroad stations to consumers in the cities. The banks of Western Kan sas are showing a disposition where ever it is possible, to loan money to farmers who wish to buy dairy stock. For these ' reasons the dairy business appeals especially to the man of limit ed capital. Very fortunate indeed is that coun try that can name dairying as among its chief industries. The history of this and other nations shows that j dairy products form an important! function in maintaining permanent! prosperity. As in the days of old when a patriarch counted his wealth in the number of his cattle and his sheep, so today a nation or a state can boast of its dependable wealth by pointing to the good dairy cows with in its borders. . "You harvest vwheat and corn once a year. But you milk cows twice a day." One of xthe richest states in the Union had, according to a recent census, nearly 3,000 creameries and cheese factories. With a silo for every fourth farm, its farmers are mentioned as the most generally well to do in America. According to the same count, Kansas has but few creameries and no cheese factories. This is due to lack of general realiza tion of the possibilities which exists for development of the dairy indus try. Investigations will show ' the most skeptical that with the building of more silos, the raising of - more County forage crops and diversified farming:,, Elks county has a great future alorx; this line. "If you get valuable inf ormatino on dairying toaay you can cash it to morrow." Liberally fed by the .rainfall, which falls seventy per cent throughout the growing season,, many streams of clear, cold water are to be found ir. he county and Western Kansas. Here fertile soils, not "washed out by 'the rains of the ages, produce native grasses, alfalfa, and other sr:rong feeds in abundance, while some pa.-- j tures of the very best kind are to be four nd. lne sun shines bngnt an-: warm fullv 2r,0 davs of t.ViP war and' the nights are generally cool. With! hen?- Jt is verT encouraging to find I these 'conditions a cow is given every! that the stock- is of good -breed and ! opportunity to vield large profits to! the beit Qualities to be found any I W mvnPr where. It can be justly said that a ... I conditions' ' Those conversant with in Ellis county and referring to re- cords of the department of agricul ture of the United States say that if a Finderne Holingen Fayne, (a breed of dairy cow), can produce- 1,302 pounds of butter in one year in foggy New Jersey, while fighting pestiferous i mosquitoes she ought to easily pro duce a ton of butter under conditions found in Western Kansas. "A cyclone once took everything a man had, but his cows and his separ ator. He never missed a bank de posit." A lack of staple markets for dairy products kept the farmers in Ellis county from buying more cows until j coming on down to the present with a market was established here oui a break. And then there is the through the Golden Belt Creamery! fact that a lifetime spent in Kansas and the various buyin agencies in the county and the shipping of theirj finished products has given stability and other impetus to the' dairy (busi ness and many farmers are enjoying a steady income despite the erratic market. "When you sell butter fat you sell sunshine, hut when you sell grain you sell the fertility of the soil." I The following quotation is given to those "interested in the future of Ellis county to encourage greater dairy production. ' "A car load of grain is worth about $500. A car load of butter fat is worth about $6,000. Moral: Convert your grain into butter fat 'and save the freight." Another phase of dairying in Ellis county of prime importance is the breeding of good dairy stock. There is a continual demand for pure bred and high grade sires, to be used with native stock in the up-grading of dairy heTds. This demand will in crease for the reason that the market is growing continually. And a growing market means that more milk must be produced from individ ual cows in order that economic pro duction may. be reached. Therefore it is certain that the breeding of good dairy stock Would be a profitable business in Ellis county. "Good dairy cows are evidence of dollars and sense." There are 2,000 head of dairy stock in Ellis county.." These are in the main, stock cows. The soil is adapted to the growing of silage crops and much of the corn crop could be used to a greater advantage by this method while dairying is not j generally earned on as an auxiliary! occupation on the farms, prospects - are unlimited. More silos are needed and more forage crops should be raised. Poultry in Ellis County This section offers not only great opportunities in dairying, cattle, hogs and other livestock endeavors but al so offers vast possibilities in poultry farming. Recent investigations show that climate conditions are very fav orable for the production of pcultry on a large, scale a well as the home flock. v' The commercial poultry man soon realizes the value of close by markets as.' are maintained in Ellis countv for the disposal of his products, where' fresh eggs, chickens and broilers are always in good demand and good prices prevail at all times of the year. Another big feature in favor of large poultry plants here is the even tem perature prevailing during each season of the year. None of the draw backs are found that prevail in the eastern, southern and northeast ern states. The winters in Western Kansas are mild, and never will fowsl be found with open mouths and drooping wings gasping for breath in the summer months. The cool and invigorating nights give them a healthy appetite for the next day, so enabling the fowl to digest their food properly, which keeps them in healthy condition and insures large egg yields. One cf the main features in poul try production is feed. In every locality col wheat, oats, barley and ire trrown, which consti- iv feeas tutc-s the bulk of -chicken feeds can always be had in large or small quantities. The higher altitude is a natural protection against parasites on fowls. Statistics show that poul try in othe". states .are-infested with four or five different kinds of para sites wheh rob the hen of her vitality and undermine egg production, in many cases forty to fifty per cent. Good sized poultry farms are located throughout the county, flocks rang- I r .i i i : a o n a "iff "om me uacu jaru xanci iu poultry farm in Ellis county means . , , , . " neaitn, weaun anu nappmeis It is estimated that $100,000 worth of eggs are produced annually in Ellis county, while $20,000 worth of poultry is marketed. W. Y. MORGAN FOR GOVERNOR Charles F. Scott, Editor of The Iola Daily Register, comes out for W. Y. Morgan for Governor. "Entirely aside from his position on the Industrial Court law the Reg ister finds it easy to support Mr. Mor gan. First of all there is the long time personal friendship running back to the old K. U. davs 'when we were all so happy and so pore' and ana long and honorable connection with the public affairs of the state V,1vo ani.Tilw nnoKflaJ If. IT J? - ' """jr m -in. -u-uxgan ior the duties he will be required to perT form as Governor. Nobody knows Kansas sentiment better than Mr. Morgan does, or is in more complete sympathy with its ambitions and j aspirations, and few are more fam- dliar with the manner in which its business affairs are conducted. As presding officer of the Senate while lieutenant governor, he displayed tact and skill and leadership. As the editor of an influential newspaper his discussion of public questions has been marked by sound sense and a comprehensive, understanding of the fundamentals of good government. He has an exceptionally wide personal acquaintance and " is a pleasing and persuasive public speaker. He has made a success of his own business and that he would apply all bis native and acquired ability to the single purpose of making a success 'of the business of the State in case of 'his election, of course, goes without say ing. For all these reasons, therefore, but chiefly for the reason that he stands square-toed for the most im portant measure Kansas has placed upon its statute books for a genera tion, the Register is for W. Y. Mor gan for Governor." Senator C. E. Snyder of Leavenworth Endorses W. Y .Morgan for Gov ernor "I have been intimately acquainted with W. Y. Morgan for many years, and I believe he -is the best fitted man i for Governor af. thi; timp IT a A a clined to ,be fair and deliberate in his decisions in public matters, and is probably one of the best posted men ,Vf cfat. affQlVc! rtA knows better what Kansas stands for than he. I believe he will make a real success of his administration, and have no question in mind but that he will be nominated and elect ed. I certainly shall support him for) the office of Governor." j Read what O. A. Brice, Editor of! the Lincoln Republican, has to say 1 about W. Y. Morgan's candidacy: "The nominating petitions of W. Y. Morgan, Republican candidate for the nomination of. governor, were crculated inJLincoln county, this week, and the many signatures at- tached to them certainly indicate that his cadniidacy is popular with the voters. Morgan is out on a sane, con structive platform, based on no set of impossible promises. If elected he will properly and efficiently discharge the duties of governor without fear or favor. Morgan is just an Amer ican citizen of good common sense. He does not proclaim himself a great reformer and he is not appealing to one section of the state on a platform which he reverses when he gets to another. He has made a success of his own business and always makes good what he does promise, and he is -well qualified for the good1 Governor which he will make Kansas if elected." It Looks Good for Morgan ! Ernest Hazel, Sr.: "I have justj returned from a two weeks' automo- j bile trip for my firm, the Loekwood-I Hazel Printing Company, of Atch-' ison, and visited in all twenty-one counties in the two northern tiers of, counties in the State. After calling i on and talking with all the ; county j officials, bankers, business, traveling, men :md farmers along the way, it is j my opinion that W. Y. Morgan will i r .... . . I carry every county i visited with a big majority. In fact, I believe he wil got more votes than all of the other six,- candidaies put together. Sentiment is fast crystallizing for Morgan all over'the northern part of the State where I travel." Atchison Daily Globe, Sunday, June 4th Senator Alfred Docking, of Man hattan, who has been nprominently mentioned as a candidate for Repub lican nomination for Governor, has given out a statement in which he says that he will not be a candidate and that he will support W. Y. Mor gan for the nomination. Senator Docking's statement is as follows: "No, I am not in the 'race' for Governor, but I thank most sincerely the good friends who had such confid ence in me in the putting forward of my name, and who said some mighty nice things. It is my hope to always merit their trust. "After close scrutiny of the plat forms, programs, public utterancee of the varous candidates, and with due consideration for the things that Ij must conscientiously support in the j interests of the farmer, live-stock man and all of the people, I shall vote for W. Y. Morgan. 'I do not find him making promises aobut things that belong to the Legislature to pass, or about matters of transportation, mrket?, etc., that are in the hands of the Federal Government. He gets the-idea that the Governor does not make the laws, nor pass the appro priatons. A business Governor is what we need to have the machinery of the state government going effi ciently and with the least possible ex penditure that will assure results. Simplification is needed, unnecessary agencies, boards, etc. ,shou!d be elim inated. Obsolete red-tape methods should be changed. This , is good business management and involves team work that W. Y. Morgan can se cure from his official family. What a state needs is a working Governor, who is on the job, knows the state af fairs, manages them to the best of his ability as he would his own, can get cooperation from his officials, is fair and deliberate in all things, and has abundant sympathy with ' the widely diversified life and occupa tions of Kansas. I feel that he will not be unmindful of the program of the splendid women of Kansas, for he was one of the very first to openly espouse the cause of woman's suf frage years ago. 1 I find, upon inquiry, that he has no labor troubles with the men in his employ or any with whom he is associated, arid that their rela- i tions are -fine. Mr. Morgan, I dis cover, is earnestly interested' in the public schools of the state, and warm friend of practical agricultural education. I find his relations with farmers and stock-men of the South west are very cordial He has stood for the vital problems that effect agri culture, realizing that it is the foundation of Kansas life and pro gress, and his mnd is open and co operation always ready concerning these fundamental needs. The five points he emphasizes show this, and his ideas upon right economy. For these reasons I shall give him my support." Devereux Players Again in Hays For the " third time the Clifford Devereux Players, will appear in Hays. ,They will present two plays. For the matinee on Monday after noon, June 12, at 3:30, they will pre sent "Th Great Galeoto" by Eche garay. In the evening at 8:30, they sent "Her Husband's Wife" by A. E. Thomas. Zinita Graf, who was so popular with the Normal audiences last fall, is leading lady. The Devereux Company is a very high class company, which plays principally to college audiences in college towns and is one of the most popular companies in the college towns and 13 ose of the most popular companies in the country. The repertoire of plays this sum mer is not so heavy as the Ibsen plays last fall. With the large summer school en rollment, Hays will give the DeveTeux Players a fine audience. j . HAYS BACKS VICTORY HIGH WAY Hays, after several months of in activity with relation to the Victory Highway, has aligned itself with the Victory Highway Association of To peka, and will support the project, the initial movement being the prosecu tion of a membership campaign. Mr. Ben Blow, manager of the Vic tory Highway Association, and a road authority of national reputaton, ad dressed the membership fo the Cham ber, of Commerce at an evening luncheon given in his honor on Tues day. Preliminary arrangements for the membership campaign were com pleted during his visit here. The Victory Highway is one of the only two great transcontinental high ways, the .other being the Lincoln highway. It is already paved from New York City to St. Charles,. Mo., with the exception of a few miles in Indiana and New Jersey. In a period of eight months it has become a primary highway in several states, and eventually will assume its place as the "Main Street" of America, Mr. Blow declared jn his address. George W. Stansfield, president of the To peka Chamber fey Commerce, head of the Cooperative Club and a leading business man of the Kansas capital, is president of the Victory Highway Association. The policy of the Victory High way, established at the inception of the association, has won great favor in every community where the Vic tory Highway passes. The opinion of government and state engineers was asked as to the best route for a transcontinental roadway. The Vic tory Highway followed the advice of these engineering experts in estab lishing its route. No deviation from these routes established has been permitted to take place. The Victory Highway will continue to use the same routing even though the com munities through which the road passes do not subscribe one cent to assist the enterprise, Mr Blow as serted. Great care was exercised in the layng out of the hghway to assure federal aid throughout the entire country. The Victory Highway, therefore, is the only road in the en tire United States which wall be built and maintained by government funds and government supervision. It will possess also the greatest significance as a memorial to those who took paTt in the great war, and markers al ready are in process of construction. The Victory Highway is in no sense a competitive road system, for it eclipses all local roadways and is com parable only to the Lincoln Hghway, excelling it in the matter of paving and other equally important phases. Although Hays has been marked with the splendid Victory Highway signs, and the city has been put on the maps of the highway and receives the benefits resulting from the co operation of scores of other towns, no one in Hays has contributed a cent to its support. The Victory Highway association has not asked for any money. But the Hays Chamber jof Commerce, through its membership and directorate is going to "play fair" with the Victory Highway in return for what it has given, is giv ing and will continue to give to Hays. CAMPAIGN UNDER WAY Victory Highway Gets Ten Members in Half Hour The membership campaign of the Victory Highway Association has not' yet been put fully under way,' but ten citizens of Hays in" a period of one half hour became members. The charter membership in Hays wilt be limited to fifty persons. Everyone to whom the matter was presented took out a membership. The first ten charter members are given in the order in which the matter was put be fore their consideration: John O'Loughlin, R. S. Markwell, H. II. Winters, Herman J. Tholen, A. L.. Clark & Son for the Hays Free Press, John R. Staab, Mrs. SI. L. Bird for the Ellis County News, Anton Unrein, W. S. Miles and Henry Schwaller. The campaign will begin actively the first of . the week. SUNDAY SCHOOL CONVENTION The Ellis County Sunday School Convention which was held at the Presbyterian Church, all day last Fri day, was well attended and was one of the best held in recent years. The state workers, Fred E. Gates and Mrs. Sewell.were at their best and were a great inspiration to the Sunday School teachers and Superintendents who heard them. The convention will be held at Ellis, next year.