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ety TTTT TITT"""5 . 11 i VOL. XIX NO. 33 HAYS. ELLIS COUNTY. KANSAS . THURSDAY. JULY 20. 1922. SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 PER YEAR su 11 RXV" il- ft "cues Hake 0 Situ Churches are One of the Most Import ant of These Forces Social Welfare Associations Should Work Hand in Hand With Peace Officers On Account of the Moral Influence of the Chur ches Hays is a Desirable Place in Which to Live. (By It. Kenneth Evans) This is the eleventh of a series of fifteen industrial art icles which will be published in the Free Press, one each week for the next fifteen weeks for the purpose of outlining to the outside world the vast field of opportunities existing here for advancement and success. The facts contained in these articles are all absolutely re liable and gathered by an ex pert publicity man, who has had many years' experience in this business. The Free Press throughout this length of time, will make an effort to show that there is not a county west of the Miss issippi river that offers a wider field of endeavor than Ellis county. Every phase of indus trial life and business activity will be covered in a thorough and constructive manner. The carrying out of this campaign has been made possi ble by the advertising support accorded by the many progres sive business institutions of Hays, the metropolis and Cap ital of Ellis county and this section of Kansas. After read ing industrial article turn to (the industrial pages and see who these progressive firms are, who so willingly have come to the assistance of this enter prise. Every reader of the Free Press can assist very material ly in this campaign by sending his own copy of the paper to friends or relatives in other sections of this state or other states after he has completed reading it, that these friends might learn of the opportunities of this splendid productive section. THE PUBLISHERS. Experience in the past in the devel opment of this great United States has proven conclusively that all the component parts are necessary for the upbuilding of the country as a whole, advancement and progress and the high standards maintained by the American people has gradually crowded to the ibackward immoral forces and those forces which have a tendency to tear down and destroy, and the forces which make for a good living are constantly pushing to the front and in the majority of commun ities making adverse forces conspic uous by their absence. The average individual does not stop to consider what is necessary for the maintenance of a home com munity, a desirable place in which to live appealing to the average Amer ican. They merely take for granted the fact that such communities have been provided in large numbers and enjoy the privilege of clean living, not realizing how these things have been accomplished, and that the ac complishment represents years of hard work and struggle on the part of the more aggressive and far seeing. Residences ' are provided, made beautiful in the part of the general scheme of things by individual effort. Commercial institutions have heen established, (schools provided for; good roads huilt; public utilities in stalled, social welfare organizations maintained, each but an infinitesimal part or -unit in the general construc tion of a law -abiding, home loving and moral community, yet collective ly providing forces which make for good clean living which are almost . impregnable. Forces WMsit Good Living The most important of these forces, designed especially for the governing organization of every 'community so far as the social welfare and moral status is concerned, are the church organizations. In Hays these organ izations have been an important factor in the development of the city to its present enviable position it maintains both in the social and commercial world. To begin with as a direct reuslt of these forces, coupled with the fact that the aver age citizen of Hays and Ellis county, lives right because he believes in right living, and not because the law stipulates that he shall live right, is that there are no slums or slum dis tricts to serve as a blot on the face of this beautiful little city. The churches and social welfare organizations, work hand in hand with the peace officers of the city and county with the result that those whose moral status has Deen so lowered and their conscience so; soared that the hand of the law is! necessary to eliminate their influence. Hence lawlessness in Hays is con spicuous by its absence, due to the diligence of tooth the church organ izations and the peace officers. That Hays is a desirable place in which to live is due in great measure to those sturdy pioneers, who forsak ing birthplace and family ties, came to the great west to build an inland empire; who, laid the foundation and laid it so well for a future progressive and home city and whose faith never wavered in the city's ultimate destiny. Hays stands as a monument to their endeavors. The redman battled with all his primitive cunning against the encroachment of those sturdy empire builders and his hand has ibut now given way that the hand of the white man might lealize the vast resources of nature with his more advanced methods of commercialism. The Churches Important The churches of the city have been important factors in the bringing about of the pleasant conditions, in that through their congregation a concerted effort has been made to raise the moral standard of the coun try and which has been marked with success. Like all new and growing western towns Hays has) passed through the period of lax law en forcement. But keeping abreast of the times it is today a model educa tional center with librares, reading rooms, social .welfare work by auxil iary church organizations and the school bodies providing good clean wholesale amusement for the young and old alike. There are six church organizations in Hays, and number among their membership a large per cent of the city's population and it is estimated that at least htree-fourths of the residents profess and practice some form of religion. St. Joseph's Church The St. Joseph's church with a membership of 2,500 was organized in Hays, May 11, 1878, and was the first church to be established in the then pioneer city of the Western Plains. The first -building used as a house of worship was constructed that year. The growth of the con gregation, with the development of Western Kansas, demanded a larger house of worship and in 1886 the second church was built. The present house of worship was constructed in 1902 at an aprox imate cost of $40,000.00 and is com posed of native stone. It is one of the largest churches in Western Kan sas and totals a large membership among the residents of Ellis county. The enrollment in the Suno"ay School is 700 and the auxiliary organ izations consist of the Young Men's Society, Young Ladies' Sodality, Christian Mothers' Fraternity, the Altar Society and the National Coun cil of Catholic Men. The Rev. F. Bernardine, O. M. Cap. is in charge of the parish and has been located in Hays since August 1, 1921.-' Connected with the church is St. Joseph's Monastery of the Capuchin Fathers of St. Francis. The Catholic church and its auxil iary organizations have played an im portant part in the development of the resources of this section of West ern Kansas. Notonly has the church been influential in the maintenance of the proper spiritual relation but by the establishment of schools has added to the educational standing of this city and county. This subject is taken up at length in another article of this series. The First Methodist Church The First Methodist Church, locat ed on Normal Avenue, was estab lished ahout forty years ago. The present building was constructed in 1910 and is a frame structure with brick veneer, the original building be ing abandoned with the growth of the congregation. The approximate cost of the present building was $14,000. oo. There are 600 members in the congregation with an enrollment in the Sunday School of 354. The auxil iary organizations which play an im portant part in the social welfare work of the city are the Woman's Foreign Missionary society .Woman's Home Missionary Society, Young Women's Missionary Society, Ladies' Aid Society, Epworth League, Kollej Klan (for Students). The former parsonage of the church is used as Klan Kwarters, with open housi night and other features for young people. G. A. Baldwin is - pastor of this church and has been in Hays for about two years. At this time the church is con-; structing one of the most modern' houses of worship to be found in the: i state of Kansas and in this construe-. tion are taking into consideration the development of full manhood and woman-hood, spiritual activities relig ious educational activities and a stu dent home. The church is to be com mended for the attitude they have taken which shows conclusively that the congregation is interested in the development of an educational city which supplies the proper environ ment for its students. . . Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church This church which is located at Fort Street and Sheridan avenue, was first established by Rev. Hartsock of Salina, Kansas, in 1870. The first building was destroyed by lightning August 17, 1902. The present house of worship (was constructed in 1902 and 1903 at a cost of $10,000.00, this cos tbeing exclusive of the lots. It is constructed of native ston'e and is one of the substantial houses of wor ship of the city. The congregation numbers as members at this time 150, with a Sunday School enrollment of 115. The auxiliary organizations of this church are the Ladies' Aid So ciety, Luther League and Missionary Society. A new annex is being con structed at this time at a cost of $8, 000.00 which will be used as a social room and for church work. Rev. H. M. Snyder is in charge of this church and has been located in Hays for the last eight months. A pipe organ which cost approximately $2,100.00, has be'en installed. The First Presbyterian Church The First Presbyterian Church, Chestnut and .Normal Avenue, was organized May 27, 1879, and the first building was constructed in 1879. The original building is now being used but additions and enlargements have been constructed. The approx imate cost of the present house of worship , was $7,000..00 and is of stone construction. There are 150 members in the congregation with 175 enrolled in the Sunday School. The auxiliary organizations are the Ladies Aid Society and the Mission ary Society. A dining room and kitchen is provided in the building for social entertainment. Gerrit Snyder is pastor and has been in charge of the church for six years. A modern parsonage was constructed in 1916. The church is at this time planning on a new house of worship. The rough outline of what is contemplated calls for a library style edifice, modern and commodious in every .way. It is to be erected in two parts and let in two separate contracts. ' The first part will be an auditorium 48 by 46 feet with basement for Sunday School and social purposes. The new building will be a remodeled struc ture, taking the old -building as the basis of construction. The new work will not eliminate a house cf worship as parts of the old building will be kept intact for this purpose during construction. The new building will cost approximately $40,000.00 for the first part exclusive of "furnishings; the second part or Sunday School ad dition will cost in the neighborhood of $25,000.00. The new church will be one of the most modern structures in Western Kansas and the 'entire cost is estimated at $65,000.00. The First Baptist Church The First Baptist Church, corner of Fourth and Crawford and Fort street, was first established in Hays in 1883 and the first house of (worship was constructed in 1885. This building is now being used and at the time of its construction cost approximately $7,500.00 and is built of native stone with shingla roof. There are 170 memtbers of this congregation with forty non-resident comunicant mem bers. 135 pupils are enrolled in the Sunday School. The auxiliary organ izations are the Ladies' Auxiliary B. Y. P. U., Junior Union, and the Bap tist 'brotherhood, and the Y. M. P. V. H. MacDonald Thompson is pastor of the church and has been located here for three years. At the time of the organization of the church there were eighteen charter mem'bers and there is today only one member remaining of this charter membership, Mrs m. J-eaen. Kev. J. . lienry was the first pastoi-. Following him there have been fourteen pastors. At this, time the church is planning a much needed addition to its building which will provide class rooms and social equipment. At this time a bible in-.; stitute is being conducted in which a three year course in old and new test-! anient, bible history, bible literature, teacher training and christian evi dence is offered. Tha Episcopal Church The St. Michael's Episcopal church is located at the corner of Fort and Crawford streets and was one of the earlier churches established. The present building was constructed in 1910 and is built of brick. There are today twenty-three members but the Sunday School has been discontinuel. Plans are being made for the con struction of a new parsonage this rail. The church has an endowment for this purpose consisting of $5,000. No resident rector is maintained at this time. THE PRESIDENT IS RIGHT The Washington dispatches report President Harding as saying that he has seen no more criticism of the pending Tariff Bill than it has been customary to bestow upon such bills. That is a truth (which the weak-kneed and quasi-Protectionists ought to bear in mind. The opponents of Tariff Protection have always been loud an their denunciation of pending Tariff Bills, just as they are con stantly criticising Protective Tariff measures while they are in force. Nor have they 'been the only critics. In terested (parties, themselves Protec tionists, or claiming to be such, have quite as freely criticised pending measures which did not favor their own industries to the extent they de sired, or who desired to secure Pro-1 tection for their own products, but would deny it to the producers of their so-called "raw materials." Most of the people will recall the loud criticism of the Tariff Bill of 1909 and many will remember ' the howl that went up over the McKinley Bill of 1890. Especially will they re member the derision' which was caused by placing a Protective duty on tinplate. William Jennings Bryan declared in Congress that we would never have a tinplate industry in the United States, yet we lead the world in the manufacture of tinplate. Schedule K of the Payne-Aldrich Tariff was loudly denounced because of its "increases,' 'yet the facts are that not one single rate was in creased. The claimants simply mis represented the facts, just as they are now misrepresenting the provi sions and probable effects of the Fordney-McCumber Bill. The Mc Kinley Bill, the Dingley Bill, the Payne-Aldrich Bill were all bitterly attacked and their sponsers roundly abused, yet, when those bills were enacted into law, they 'brought such prosperity to the country as had not theretofore been known. The same effect will follow the enactment of the pending Tariff Bill, a measure which has been the subject of (more criticism in the aggregate because it has been before the Congress longer, and hence in the public eye longer. But the criticism has 'been greater only in the sense that the same criti cism has been more often repeated. It is to be expected that Free Traders swill criticise a Protective Tariff meas ure. American Economist. W. C. T. U. ' An enthusiastic audience greeted Mrs. Lilian Mitchner, State President of the Woman's Christian Temper ance Union, at the Union service at the Methodist Church, last Sunday night. The result was hearty cooper ation in the reorganization of the local W. C. T. U. 'Twenty-five from the different churches of Hays signed up for mem bership at the- Baptist Church, Mon day afternoon. An important meeting will ibe held next Wednesday afternoon at 3 p. in. at the Presbyterian Church, to com plete the organization and election of officers and superintendents. The of ficers elected on Monday were: Pres ident, Mrs. G. A. Baldwin; Treasurer, Mrs. Gerrit Snyder; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Carl Howard; and Recording Secretary, Mrs. Elisha Tourtillotte. Tom D. Smith, the prominent At torney of Hiawatha, Kansas, who is? a candidate for the Republican nomina tion for Attorney General, arrived in Ellis County, Wednesday, and says that his prospects for Attorney Gen eral of Kansas look fine, and that he will win. Tom D. Smith was honored by his native State in 1916 by being elected delegate at large to the Na tional Republican Convention and he has spoken for the National Repub lican Committee in three different campaigns. In the last campaign he put in seventy-eight days speaking for that Committee. He was a Kan sas soldier and a son of a soldier. Four years ago he ran second to Mr. Hopkins in a close race for Attorney', General, in a short forty days cam paign. Tom D. Smith was greatly impressed with the wonderful .devel opment of Hays City, and said it was but yesterday that Hays City was a I small town, although she had a won I derful history. "The County was or ! ganized in 1867," he says, "and the old frontier days had more history in them in Ellis County and in the City of Hays, than most any place in Kan sas." He says that the inviting ap pearance as civic work is his hobby, and impressed him so much. The won derful kept homes, yards and gardens and the clean streets all speak for themselves. Also the fine schools, the Normal and all. "Yes, Ellis County is one of the best counties an the State. I Ibelieve Ellis County will line up for me," said Mr. Smith. THE MAN ON THE JOB D. O. McCray Believes in Earning His Salary. The State of Kansas, through Mr. Pettijohn's appointment, pays me a salary to have charge of certain de tail work as Assistant Secretary of State. I do not intend to leave my desk and travel over the state hunt ing for votes. The people of Kansas know me, or they may know of nie, through acquaintances and friends in every county. I ibelieve it is the duty of a public official to stay on the Job and render efficient service for the money he receives as salary. I think the people of Kansas are looking for that kind of public officials, and I am very willing to take my chances with the voters as a candidate for Secre tary of State on the issue of staying on this job and earning my salary. D. O. McCray. Mrs. Rose Nolan has bought the W. H. Reynolds property at 1036 Grant place, and Mr. Owen, a traveling salesman, has taken a year's lease on the place. Daily Camera, Boulder, Colorado. Mrs. Nolan is a former resident of Hays. Zeigler & Son just received a car of the Best Grade Smithing Coal. Mr. and Mrs. Hadley left for Her angton, Kansas, the first of the week. Mr. Hadley, or Ben, as his many friends knew him, made a host of friends while he was in Hays. The old Model School south of the creek, has been moved, and cement has heen hauled and work will begin immediately on the Normal Dormi tory. Miss Agnes Blackmun returned to Newton, Kansas, Monday morning, after a week's visit .with relatives in Hays. LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY CON TRACT - Hays Territory now open. Strong, Eastern, Old Line Life Insurance Company recently entered Kansas, "exceptional oportunity, direct con nection. All open territory will "be closed soon. Address C. L. CRAiMUR, General Agent, Salina, Kansas. THE CAREER OF W. Y. BILLY MORGAN By Earl Adams Clark Topeka, Kans., July 10, 1922. W. Y. (Billy) Morgan, who almost every one seems to think will he the Repub lican choice for Governor of Kansas, has had one of the most interesting careers I have ever followed. He was born on April 6, 1867, in Cincinnati, Ohio, hut his parents de cided to move to Kansas when Billy was but five years old. They settled in Cottonwood Falls, where hi3 father, William Albert Morgan, founded the Chase County Leader. Billy was educated in the Kansas schools and entered Kansas Uni versity at an early age, graduating at the age of nineteen. He stayed in Lawrence and worked on newspapers there until he was twenty-one; when he went to Strong City and bought the Chase County Republican. At that time, he was one of the youngest newspaper publishers in the west. It was while at Strong City that he met Miss Colie Adair, one of the prettiest, most popular and most charming belles of the Sunflower State and in 1890, they were married. When only twenty-four years old Mr. Morgan sold the Republican and purchased the Emporia Gazette, which he built into a great newspaper. Later he sold this paper to William Allen White, the present publisher. In 1895 he took over the Hutchinson News, which he still owns and pub lishes. The News is oen of the best known newspapers in this section of the country. W. Y. Morgan has always been in- terestad in educational matters and in fact, everything that would make Kansas a better state and its people better citizens. He is a builder of character and has staunchly stood for all movements that would upbuild the great commonwealth of Kansas. He has. done much to boost the cities in which he has lived and is a great force in the town of Hutchin son, where he has interested himself in many enterprises that have made the city what it is today. Billy Mor gan has served his County in the Leg islature and has twice served as Lieu tenant Governor and as State Printer. Four years ago he was candidate for Governor at the Republican Primaries and ran second to Henry Allen, the present Governor. When the United States entered the war, Billy Morgan didn't stay at home. He went overseas and served the boys through the Y. M. C. A. and faithful in doing every possible thing for their aid and comfort. He has always lived a clean life and has been a clear thinker. He has the welfare of his state and its people at heart. He is an honest and capable leader that any state might well be proud to call its Governor. DOWNS JULY 27-28-29 It is indeed a late comer in West ern Kansas who has not heard of the "Downs Celebration." For forty-two years the city of Downs has enter tained on the 27th day of July, the anniversary of the city. This year marks the forty-third, anniversary celebration and three days, July 27-28-29, are being set aside by the cit izens to entertain the public. The opening day will no doubt see the largest crowd assembled in Downs that has ever assembled at a like en tertainment in the state. On this day the city will dedicate its new Memorial Hall, his will be f ollowed, by a big free barbecue for ex-service men, their wives, sweethearts and mothers. After the barbecue comes a baseball game, the contestants be ing two American Legion teams. After the ball game there will ba a two-hour athletic program, the par ticipants being Legion men and the purse free transportation to and from New Orleans, where" the national ath letic A. L. meet will be held this fall. In addition to this program there will be three free acts on the Great White Way, music by McKay's fam ous band, sports galore 'both on the White Way and baseball park. ' In the evening the program will open with three free acts, the Great Pavil ion Shows, an athletic show, and then. well, those who have ever attended a Downs celelbration know what to expect on the White Way, one of the greatest amusement "streaks of light" that ever 'blazed in the state Remember, this is just the first day's program. On the 28th and 29th. there will be a baseball tournament, free acts, athletic events, band music and the thousand and one different forms of White Way entertainments. J. W, Miley, Republican candidate for State Superintendent of Puw Instruction. A vote for Sbim is a fall vote7 against Lizzie W coster.