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All communications for thlpn per Khouldb accompanied by tin n.ime of the- autiiur, not nece--urily fur publication, but us evidence ot good lulth on tho part of tho writer. Write only on oiicrtrio of tlie paper. Be particularly carotid In filing name- and dales to but nil letters or fljures plain and dLniuct. ANCIENT AMERICA. Interestlnc Model of the House and Town of the Karljr Inhabitants of ew Mexico and Arizona. Washington Cor. Ch'-caso Times. An inspection of the p)astcr-ca3t rep resentations by Messrs. W. II. Holmes and W. H. Jackson, of the geological survey of the territories under the di rection of Prof. Harden, will show a Temarkable accumulation of archaeolog ical and other evidence respecting the ancient dwellers on this continent, up to the year 1S74 rumor had been telling many niarvclou stories of strange and interesting habitations of a forgotten people who once occupied the country aboutthc headwaters of tbelUoSan Juan, hut these narrations were so interwoven with romance that but few people placed much reliance upon them. To those well versed in archaeology, ruins of an extensivo and interesting character were known to exist throughout New Mexico and Arizona, and the various reports of Auen, tiunoson, ougreaves, oimjison, Whipple, Nvberry, and others form a most interesting chapter in ancient American history; but their researches, aside from the meagre accounts publish ed by Newberry, throw' no light on the marvelous cuu-dweiiings anu towns north of the San Juan. In 1871 the photographic division of the United States Geological Survey was instructed, in connection with its regular work, to visit axi KEroirr urox these r.uiss, and in pursuance of this object made a hasty tour of the region about the Mesa Verde and the Sierra Kl Late, in South western Colorado, the results of which trip, as expressed by Bancroft in the "Native Races of the Pacific Coast," "although made known to the world only through a three or four days' ex ploration by a party of three men, are of the greatest importance." A report was made and published with fourteen illustrations in, the bulletin of the United States Geographical Survey of the Ter ritories, Second Series, No. 1. The following year the same region was visited by Mr. W. II. Holmes, one of the geologists of the Hayden Survey, and a careful investigation made of all the ruins. Mr. Jackson, who had made ' the report the previous year, "also re visited this locality, but extended his explorations down the San Juan to the mouth of the De Chelly and thence to the Moqui villages in Northeastern Ari zona. Returning, the country between the Sierra Aba jo and La Sal and the La Plata was traversed and an immense number of very interesting ruins were first brought to the attention of the out side world by the report which was pub lished the following winter by Messrs. Holmes and Jackson. (Uullctin of the United States Geological and Geo graphical Survey of the Territories, Vol. I., No. 1.) Tho occasion of the Centennial Ex hibition at Philadelphia led to the idea of preparing models of these ruins for the clearer illustration ot their peculi arities, four of which were completed in season for the opening of the Exhibi tion. Hie lirst was made bv Mr. Holmes, with whom the idea originated, and represents THK CLIFF-HOUSE, of the Mancos Canyon, the exterior di mensions of which are 2a inches in breadth by AC, inches in height, and on a scale of 1.2), or two feet to the inch This is a tw o-story building, construct ed of stone, occupying a narrow ledge In tho vertical face of the bluff, 700 feet above the valley and 200 feet from the top. It is 24 feet in length and. 14 feet in depth, and divided into four rooms on the ground floor. The beams sup porting thctgccond floor are all destroy ed. Ihe doorways, serving also as windows, were quite small, only one small aperture in the outer wall facing the valley. The exposed walls were lightly plastered over with clay, and so closely resembled the general surface of the bluff that it becomes exceedingly difficult to distinguish them at a little distance from the surroundings. The second model of this series was constructed by Mr. Jackson, and repre sents the " large cave town in the valley of theRio de Chelly" near its junction with the San Juan. The town is located upon a narrow bcnch'occnring about 80 feet above the base of a perpendicular bluff some S0O feet in height., It is 545 feet in length, about 4Q feet at its great est depth, and shows about 75 apart menU on its ground plan. The left hand third of the town, as we face it, is overhung some distance by the bluff, protecting the buildings 'beneath much more perfectly than the others. This is the portion represented by the model. A three-story tower forms, the central feature; upon either side are rows of lesser buildings, built one above .anoth er, upon the sloping floor of rock. Nearly all these buildings are in a .fair state of preservation. This model is 37x17 inches, outside measurements. and the scale is 1.72 or six feet to .the inch. , A " restoration" of the above forma the third in the series ; of the same size and scale, and is intended, as its name implies, to represent as nearly as possi ble the original condition of the view, In this we see that Uie approaches were made by ladders and steps hewn in the rock, and that the roofs of one tier of rooms served as a terrace lor those back of them, showing a similarity, at least, in their construction, to the works of the Pueblos in New Mexico and Arizona. Scattered about over the buildings are miniature representations of the people at their various occupations, with pot tery, and other domestic untensils. THE " TRIPLE-WALLED TOWEK," at the head of the McEImo, is the sub ject of the fourth model. It was con structed by Mr. Holmes, and represents, as indicated by its title, a triple-walled tower, situated in the midst of a consid erable extent of lesser ruins, probably of dwellings, occupying a low bench, bordering the dry wash of the McEImo. The tower is 42 feet in diameter, the wall 2 feet thick, and now standing some 22 feet high. The two outer walls inclose a space of about C feet in width, which is divided into 14 equally sized rooms, communicating with one anoth er by small window-like doorways. The above were all that' were exhibited in Philadelphia. Since then others have been madobyMr. JacTison.as follows: A "cliff-house" in the valley of the Rio de Chelly. It is about 20 miles' above the cave town already spoken of. This is a two-storv house, about 20 feet square, occupying a ledge some 75 feet above the valley and overhung by the bluff. Tho approach from the .valley is uy a series oi sieps newn in me Sleep face of the rock, and this method was one most used by the occupants, al though there is a way out to the top of the bluff. This model is 42 inches in height by 24 broad, and is built npon" a scale of 1.30. "Tewa," one of tho seven Moqui owns in northwestern Arizona, is a very interesting and instructive model, repre senting as it does one of the most ancient and best authentiratpil nf tli ilnrnllinfra of a people who are supposed to be the descendants of the cliff dwellers. Tewa is the first of the seven villages forming tho province, as we aunroach them from the east, and occupies the summit of a narrow mesa'1,200 yards in length, upon which are al-o two other somewhat similar villages. The approach is by a circuitous roadwav hewn in the perpen dicular face of the bluff, which sur rounds the mesa upon all sides ; it is the only approach accessible for animals to the three villages. Other ladder-like stairways are cut in the rock, which arc used principally by the water carriers, for all their prinjjs and reservoirs are at the bottom of the mesa. The village is represented upon a scale of one inch to eight feet, or 1.9G. The dimensions of the model are So inches in length, 29 inches in width, and 14 inches in height. In the spring of 1877 Mr. Jackson made a tour over much of the northern pait of New Mexico, and westward to THE MOQUI TOWS3 in Arizona, and secured materials for a number of very interesting models, il lustrating the methods of the Pueblos, or town-builders, in the'eonstruction of theirdwellings. Two villages have been selected for immediate construction, as showing the most ancient and best known example of their peculiar archi tecture, viz., Taos and Acoma, the 'one of many-storied terraced houses and thn other built high up on an impregnable rues.. The model of Taos is now eomnleted. the dimensions of which are 42x39 inch es, and the scale one inch to twenty feet, 1.240. Of this town Davis'says: "It is the best sample of the ancient mode of building. Here are two large houses, three or four hundred feet in length and about one hundred and fifty feet wide at the base. They are situated upon opposite sides of a small creek. and in ancient times are said to have been connected with a bridge. They are five and six stories high, each story receding from the ome Below it, and thus forming a structure terraced from top to bottom. .acn story is di vided into numerous little compart ments, the outer tier of rooms being lighted by small windows in the sides, while those in the intenor of the build ingare dark and are principally used a. store-rooms. . . . mo omy rocwj of entrance is through a trap-door in tho roof, and you ascend from story to story by means 01 ladder; on tno ouisiue, which are drawn up at night." Their contact with European has modified somewhat their ancient style of buildings, principally in substituting doorways in the walls of their houses for those in the root. 1 heir modem bud dings are rarely over two stories in height, and are not distinguishable from those of their Mexican neighbors. The village is sourronnded by an adobe wall, which is just included within the limits of the model, and incloses an area of eleven or twelve acres in extent. ith in this limit are four of their cslafas, or secret council houses. These are cir cular underground apartments, with a narrow opening in the roof, surrounded by a palisade, ladders being used to go in and out. THESE MODELS are first carefully built up in clay, in which material all the detail is readily secured and are then cast in plaster; a mold being secured by which they are readily multiplied to any extent. They are then put in the hands of the artists and carefully colored in solid oil paints, to accurately resemble their appearance in nature, and, in the case of restora tions or modern buildings, all the little additions are made which will give them the appearance of occupation. l ne survey is in possession of the data for the construction of many more mod els and they will be brought out as op portunity is given. They have also,.in connection with the nuns, multiplied many of the curious pieces of pottery which have been brought back from that region by the various parties con nected with the survey. a A Canary Which Sinirs " A life on' Ihe Ocean Ware." J. G. Christopher, a barber at Rills- ton Spa, is the possessor of a remarkable canary Dini, the voice of which has been developed in a peculiarly painstaking manner, so that now this "educated" sonpter can successfully render the wuii-nuuwn air, ".Auieon the Ocean wave." ihe bint will commence to warble like any other of theso in. but after uttering a few notes will imme diately strike into the tune, and when its voice has attained full height the above tune will be sung entire, and in a manner that sounds singularly melodi ous aud attractive, literally "setting to note us natural vocal powers. This was only achieved after the most dili gent and patient attention. As soon is the bint was old enough to pick up a living it was put in a room apart from all others, and a music box also placed in the apartment that was kept per petually going, repeating the one tune over and over again, so that this singu lar pupil had no other person to learn from but that. After four month of .such apprenticeship, the owner was re warded oy hearing his little favorite render "A Life on tho Ocean Wave" as naturally and perfect as if that was the song of its ancestors. Minneapolis Tribune. . Dr. Schweinfurt. the well known African traveler, is about to return to .unca, ana the reason he assigns for this intention is, that he " is not able to support the Berlin climate." Magfair describes this as " the cruelest blow that ever was struck at the reputa tion of a town." S 1 'We ?&dr Tpl(nnilitAnnianl..nM table, once more, the long absent but familiar 'face of that spicy and newsy sleet, the Congressional Globe. The Globe is the official oram nf rh in-. cai Paragraphers' Association, and iU columns are replete with expensive non Wise. IlawUie. Fatoat PetrifeetiMs. Much speculation has been made with regard to the reality of Mr. Conant's petrified man, each, differing, and now comes an interview with a Denver as sayer published in the Democrat of thai place. The assayer says in regard to Mr. Conant's "man t" "Iff August, 1875, five of us were prospecting in the vicinity of Pueblo. In coming upon a sandstone quarry, one of the party observed a soit of likeness of a man drawn upon the rock. The in cident occasioned a deal of talk about ancient creations, ami the idea of get- i ting un a second Cardiff giant was then favorably discussed. The' party agreed to undertake the tast, and a stone cut ter named Saunders, who had been.. working in the vicinity, and known to , be a clever hand at modeling, was at once sgeght out and an agreement mado for the figure. While the plan was in ' progress one ot the party, in a joking way, said the thing ought to have 3 tail, as in ancient times men had tails 6 or 7. inches long. It was decided among the party that the figure-should be known as a petrified Aztec Indian, and that they would resurrect him after six months and impose him on the public as such. Tho stone-cutter not seeing the joke set to work and made the fig ure, with tail appended. The price ' aid the artisan was $135, and after he ad completed the fitrure it was buried. ThefMuIdoon' was made out of sand stone and dried by the cabin tire, which partly accounts for tho little moles on the surface. After the burial two feet from the surface of the rround the party went their ways to await th res urrection. A few. of the prospectors had got wind of the proceedings and were keeping an eye on the party, and so they dispersed in different directions. Finally they became- scattered, some in New York and the remainder in difler erent portions of the country. I had forgotten nearly about the matter when the discovery was chronicled in the pa pers. But 1 considered it-best rb keen still about it, and it was only through accident that I said any thing in regard to the matter." The "Put Kus"af Chicago. He seems to be always on the rrmn- From early mornim? till dark fc U on the march, and at all hours of the daj I have met him or seen him in his soli tary wandering. His special mission seems to be picking up pins. Not one escapes his eye, and the lapel of his coat, where be sticks them, is always covered. Occasionally when he meets a little child he will stop it. take a pin off his coat, and with a benignant smile hand it to the youngster and resume his wallc. Upon meeting him a day or two since I fancied a look of pain upon his face which I had never seen before, and I learned that he had quite a little sum of money in one of our broken sayings banks. He ives alone in a'cottage near the southern limits of the city, and seems to have no kindred or friends. He will not be interviewed as to his past history; the only hint ever given, so far as known, was his answer to a littlo girl upon the street who innocently asked him where his wife was. " She is dead," and then sadly turned away. Troy Times. m . William T. Colemax, of San Fran cisco, was talking the other day of his old partner, Edward Mott Robinson, of New Bedford, whose penuriousness was a matter of common talk. " He was a good fellow in the main,'' said Mr Coleman, "but he exceeded any man I ever knew in ingenious expedients for saving a dollar, in those days I was a Democrat and he was a Republican. One day he said, 'Coleman, have your committee been after yon?' ' 'Not yet,' I replied, 'Well, min have been after' me,' he said, 'and they wanted md to subscribe $500, and I told them I would.' I looked at him with absolute amaze ment. Then he added: 'Yes.-1 told them the Democrats would expect $509 from you, and Iwas going to pair off! So mind you stick to that arrangement. It will be all the same to both parties, and it won't cost either of us a cent. " Editor's Drawer, in Barptr'i. is a England pays a high price for her opium. It is estimated that 1,033,000 acres of the best land In India" are de voted to the growth of the'poppy, and the Chinese Ambassador to England at tributes the Indian famine to that fact.