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ITEMS OF INTEREST.
rmonal and Uterarr. Sylvanns Cobb, Jr., has made 5200,000 by liis pen. It is said that Turgenieff has been forbidden by the authorities from carry ing out a plan h had formed of spend ing the winter in Ilus-ia for the purpose of studying up the present situation. Charles Darwin, the English scien tist, has won the prize of 81,400 recent ly offered at Turin for discoveries in the physiologv of plants. He is receiving the congratulations of all the scientific men in Europe. Mr. Larkin J. Mead, the American sculptor, is married to a beautiful Ital ian lady with whom Tie could not at first acquaintance talk, neither knowing the other's language. They have a charm ing home in Florence. Mr. Mcadis.one of the kindest of men anil most gener ous of artlts, always sympathetic and helpful to 3 ounger artists. Herbert Spencer, the English phil osopher, is 00 years old. Having been privately cducatid, he was at first a civil engineer.- His forehead is high and he is quito bald. His faco is long, and, although his features are not small, he has an unpractical and almost ef feminate appearance. His portraits re present him as resting his head against ins hand, in the Washington Irving style. Sir. W. I). Howells's home at Cam bridge bears the quaint name of " llcil top." The lower story is of brick and the second of wood, entirely sheathed in California redwood shingles. In architecture it is a mixture of a Queen Anne house and a Swiss chalet. Mr. Howells's study is a largo and charming room, with a wide tire-placc, filled at this season with blazing logs, with a pretty winter garden, under glass, open ing out of it, and a ceiling divided in ancient fashion by beams. Srinice and Industry. We sent last year to Europe 1,500, 000 hides. A toy miker of Montrose, Pa., u-es 000,000 feet of bass-wood every year. Seven machines in Pittsburgh, Pa., produced, last year, over 1,003,315 kegs of nails. The grape islands of Lake Erie have -1,0U0 acres of vines, and the yield in 1879 was IG.000,000 pounds. The wine production was 1,S2G,100 gallons. An order that can not be filled in less than one year has been received by the Marlborough "Woolen Company. Tho company will turnout SOO yards a day. It is said that the adhesiveness and durability of a solution of 100 parts gum arabic in 250 parts water may be in creased by adding two parts of sulphate of alumina. Croer.s, dried and powdered, when applied with chamois leather to nickel plated goods, will restore their brilliancy without injuring their sur face. "Ectrlato " is the name of a new red color derived from coal. It is prophesied that cochineal has had its day, and that the new color will take its place. Geese are raised for their feathers in Texas. One goose ranch iu Western Texas has overlXX) geese, whose feathers nre plucked every two months, each one a eragcing a ponud and a half a year. A species of dwarf cactus, abundant in Lower California, is rich in fiber, said to be excellent for mattresses. It is reported that an experimental ma chine, costing only 8100, converts the raw material into white, elasjc liber with great rapidity, and promises la reduce the cost and improve the quality of such goods very materially. Rhine pebbles mounted in silver, and as brilliant as diamonds, are used for the ornamental darts, arrows, and daggers that are now thrust through the loops and braids of elaborate coiffures. Tho same showy white sto'nes are also used for belt clasps, small buckles for satin slippers, and for lizard brooches that serve to pin a scarf of lace, or to hold a bouquet on tho corsage. A fact probably but little known is that the United St'ates nickel five-cent piece furnishes a key to metric measures and weights. This coin is two centi mereU in diameter, and its 'weight is five grammes. Five of them placed in a row will give tho length of the decimetre, and two 01 them will wcign a ueca gramme. As a kilolitre is a cubic meter, the key to the measure of length is also the key to measures of capacity. Foreign Note. It Is expected that the Cologne Cathedral will be completed next Au gust. Andaman Island widows wear the skulls of their deceased husbands on their shoulders. At a recent lecture on ethnology at the lloyal College of Sur geons in London, Prof. Flower showed the skull of an Andamancse, to which was attached an elegant webbed sling by which it had been suspended to the w'idow's neck. At Crugawn, Mayo, Ireland, when a process-server, aided by one hundred police, attempted last month to serve notice of ejectment, his progress was arrested by three hundred women, armed with heavy sticks. The women were remonstrated with, bnt all argu ments failed. Atlengththo police forced their way through, with fixed bayonets, several of tho women receiving thrusts, and reached the house where theprocess was to be served. Here again a crowd of women opposed, and several were wounded; tho process, was, however, served. The Austrian Empress's whole pas sion is for dogs and horses. Her Majesty always rises with the lark. When the day lengthens she rises at G in the morning and goes to hear mass in tho private chapel near her apartments. After the devotion of the first moments of the day to religion she proceeds to the stable and to the riding-school. Her favorite horses know well her elastic step and sweet, clear voice, and nothing gives her such pleasure as when the poor animals greet her presence with a sort of affectionate neighing. Although to-day there are as many beards in tho House of Commons as in any assembly in the world, twenty-five years ago there was but one. It be longed to Mr. Muntz, member for Bir mingham, who did a service by persuad ing the Government to adopt the perforating machino in the manufacture of postage stamps. Mr. Muntz shaved until ho was 40 when his brother re turned from Germany with a lino beard, which the M. P. determined to emulate. "II. B." the famous caricaturist, was soon at "the man with the beard," as every one calledMuntz,and represented him in acartoonas "a Brummagem M. P." In this portrait he carries a stout stick, which has special prominence, the reason being that an irrepressible prac tical joker, the Marquis of Watcrfonl, was supposed to have laid a wager that he would shave Muntz, heneo the cudgel to defend himself from disbarbament. Mr. Muntz died very wealthy, in 1857. School and Chnrch. The Free lina number 000 are colored, The Congregationalists of Massa chusetts have 528 churches, 055 minis ters, and a church membership of 91,- 7Bi. By the will of Jacob Pcrsinger of Ito.Wko County, Va., recently admitted to probate, Roanoke College will receive about 810,000. The Baltimore Methodists contem plate the establishment of a Centenary Biblical Institute for the education of the colored people. A lady writes to know what she shall do with empty cans. There are several solutions of the problem, bnt the simplest one is to buy a goat. The name of the new Irish Univer sity is to be the " lloyal University of Ireland." The charter is now ready, only awaiting the filling up of the names of certain Senators. The first Chancellor will be the Duke of Leinster. Tho University of "Michigan con ferred last year 433 degrees on examin ation and four honorary degrees. The whole number of students was 1,370, of whom 445 were in the Department of Literature, Science, and Arts. Tho University of Cincinnati has in troduced the study of Arabic, with the intention of making of it a three or four years' course. The present class nuin bers from ten to fourteen. The deter- ' ruination is to make the instruction as thorough and, at the same time, as ex tended as possible. , OnA 9 tlinMTflTnnlttoa wMili nfillAmk authorities encounter Is to prevent the Free Baptists in North Caro ter about 22,000, of whom 7,- students from looking into their books during recitation where they have to re peat verbatim, or from writing transla tions and other aids in the books from wnich they recite. The faculty of Yale College, where this practico is known as "skinning," have undertaken to put a stop to it by making every man recite from a book with a clean text furnished by the faculty, a few copies only of which are placed in the recitation-room. Odds and Ends. In mince-pie there is meat for re pentance. High heals The charges of fash ionable physicians. We desire to be underrated only by the tax-collector. Fashionable women arc often very brave; they do not fear to face pow dsr. The farmer who doesn't take a newspaper, says, the Detroit Free I'ress, should not "bo privileged to take his children into a graveyard to learn their A B C's off the headstones. The small boy who can ride a three wheeled volocipedc in the hall and beat a drum at the same time has qualities calculated to make home happy wlicu he is not well. A bee's sting is only one-fourth of an inch long, but when a man has just had one stuck in him all the argument in tho world won't make him believe that it isn't over two feet long and hotter than chain lightning. A small boy.boasting of his father's accompishments, said: "My father can do almost any thing; he's a notary public anil he's an apotnecary, anu can mend teeth," and he Is a doctor, and can mend wagons and things, and play the fiddle; he's a jackass at all trades." j The Queens of the world are in a deplorable condition. The Queens of Italy and Sweden are dangerously ill; the Empress of Kussiaisvcrylow; the new Queen of Spain has fallen into epileptic fits on account of the attempt to assassinate her hu-band; and poor Queen Victoria, she is sicksty-too. Why Alphonse and His Papa Died. The death of the deeply-lamented Alphonse, pet of the Parisians and para gon of all orang-outangs, and of his affectionate sire has been followed by a sort of pilgrimage to tho scene of their last appearance, where their mortal remains have been " setup " artistically by the best professors of the art of stuff ing. One of the literary gentlemen who was assisting at the melancholy scene has described an interview which he had on the spot with Cadet, the " inspector of animals" at the.Iardin d' Acclima tion, and has reproduced, for the edifi cation of the public, the theory which that worthy originated as tho cause of death in the father and son. According to this version of the affair tho catastro phe was the result of nothing more nor less than love and regret. The mother of Alphonse had inspired both her com panions with so warm an affection that life became insupportable to both of them when they were carried off, leav ing her in tho ancestral forest. It was in yain that M. Cadet was con fronted with the verdict of the learned men who had assisted at the post mor tem examination, and held a sort of coroner's inquest over tho body of Al phonse. These gentlemen had been pleased to declare that the cause of death was a pulmonary disease brought on by tho rigor of a climate never fa vorable at the best of times to tho health of tho monkey tribes, and most unusual ly trying to them during this particular winter. But the inspector of animals was also present at the inquiry, and ob served the operations of tho surgeons, and he declares that there were neither tubercles in the lungs nor symptoms of disease orinjury in any vital organ. He then cites the gestures, looks, cries, or language as he would call it, of his two friends, both when they arrived and up to the time of their death, compares them accurately with the actions and be havior that human beings display when afflicted by grief, and concludes with a positive assurance that had it, not been for the absence of mamma tho pair would even now be alive. Cadet is a believer not in tho Pythagorean doctrine of the migration of souls, but the theo ry still more flattering to the animal world, that they are endowed with rea sonable and immortal souls. London Globe. j The WaT'Shlp f tke Fatnre. I The acuto German mind has already I perceived the folly of building Impreg nable ships. Tho learned Prof. Locwcn thal has become convinced that instead ' of building ships which can not be pierced by the guns now in use, wo I should build ships which would offer the least possible resistance to cannon-balls, j He claims that the frigate of the future will bo so constructed that the balls of tho enemy will pass directly through ! her without inflicting any damage, and that she will attack her enemy, not with : guns, but with torpedoes. I Herr Locwenthal selects for the ma terial of his newly-invented war vessel India rubber of one foot in thickness. The whole hull to be made of India , rubber, strengthened Mow the watcr- line with a light steel frame. Tho ves 1 sel will be driven by an ordinary steam engine, and will have no masts. " At the 1 bow will be a projecting spar, to which the torpedo will be allixeil, and tho en tire crew, including the helmsman, will be on the lower deck out of the range of , shot. AVhen a cannon ball strikes the I India-rubber ship, it will pass directly 1 through it above the heads of the crew, , and the hole made by it will instantly , close. Pajing no attention to such f utilo attacks, the India-rubber vessel will steam toward her adversary and explode 1 ber torpedo. The doomed vessel will 1 instantly sink, while her elastic destroyer will be driven hundreds ol yards uacK wards by the recoil following the explo sion. Such a vessel, savs the inventor. could easily destroy all the navies of the world, and after her work was done she I could be made as strong as ever with the aid of two or three bottles of cement. Kew York Times. I How He'd Do It. Several men were gathered at tho door of a blacksmith-shop on Cass Avenue tho other morning, when a school boy not over nine years of age came along with tears in his eyes, and one of tho group asked : "What's the matter, boy fall down ?" "X-iw, but I've got a hard 'rithmctie lesson and I expect to get 1-licktd'" was the answer. " Let me see, I used to b a king-bee on fractions." Tho man took the book, turned to the page, and read : ItULr. 1 Kind the tout common multiple of the denominators of the fraction-! fur the least common denominator. PUiilc this least common denominator by each denom inator ami multiply both terms ut the frac tions by the ipuoiient obtained by each de nominator. He read the rule aloud and asked if any one could understand it. All shook their heads, and then he continued: "Well, now, I think I should goto work and discover the least uncommon agitator. I would then evolve a parallel according to the intrinsic deviator and punctuate the thermometer." "So would I!" answered every niin in chorus, and one of them added: " I've worked 'em out that way a thou sand times!" Not one of the men, all of whom we r in business and had made money, could even understand the working of the rule, much less work, examples by it, and yet it was expected that a nine-year old boy should go to the blackboard and do every sum off-hand. Dttroit Free l'rets. 0m Baked Bed-sjfArrEK. Dress the fish as for boiling, score it on one side, sea son it with salt and pepper, place small strips of fat salt pork in tho cut?, and lay it in a baking-pan on a bed of the following vegetables pared and sliced . one onion, one turnip, half a carrot, a bay leaf, a sprig each of parsley and some sweet herb, and six cloes; add half a pint of water, put the pan in the oven and bake the fish fifteen minutes to a pound. To make the sanee for the fish take it np on a hot dish without breaking, pour the contents of the pan into a stout sieve and rub them through it with a potato-masher, season it with salt and pepDer to tate and add a glass of Madeira wine to it ; serve it" in a gravy dish with the fish, which look well gar nished withome fresh parsley or slices of lemon. m w m ' ' Tea Cakes; Two cupfuls of sugar, one cupful of butter, one egg, five cup fuls' of flgur, one cupful of sour milk, a teaspoonful of lemon extract, and a tea spoonful of soda. Knead hard as bis cuits, and roll about a quarterof an inch thick; cut out with a fancy cooky cutter and bake quick. They are very good and look nicely on the table.