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FOREIGN' GOSSIP. The fact that the last two years, 1878
' and 1879, had almost precisely the same The American show at the Berlin ' total exports of fresh beef, may indicate Fish Fair is the subjectof admiringcom- the reaching of a maximum, but an in ment forits fullness, variety and rarity, crease of 70 per cent, in the live-cattle The French are a thrifty people ' fMrt of 1879 ovct 1878 may acconnt Last year 2,000,000 persons of that na-1 for thc lack ot " fresh beef . At all tion deposited 138 800,000 in the sav- even's the trade is already important ;n oanks an, lucrative, and besides, as Colonel " .1 Sellers would say, there is all Germany The two sons of the Prince of ales, and France that must one day be sup Albert Victor and George, have been plied. The success of the experiment promoted to the rank of midshipmen. ,a been in underselling British beef; With this official advanconicnt itis con-1 the less agreeable side of the picture is solatory to know that their pay will be that good American beef can often be increased from one shilling to one and j bought cheaper at retail in English cit ninepence a day. ies than in America. Xcw York Sun. The microphone ha? been success-! " fully employed by Prof. Mine, of Tokio, Domestication of the Buffalo. Japan, to "announce the premonitory signs of an earthquake. He places the i The early explorers of the Mississippi instrument in pits remote from roads. Valley believed that the buffalo might and he is careful, also, to exclude all in-1 be made to take the place of the domes sects, the movements of which would, tic ox in agricultural pursuits, and at the of course, affect the indications, and same time yield a fleece of wool equal lead to false inferences. , in quantity to that of the sheen; but no Axinsidious worm called the fluke is ' persistent attempts have yet beer .made l. o,.r t!,n .hniii. In Hrit . l" umiic " ) UUiUCSUtJUUII. J.UUL UIU causin: Britain actually exceeding, in the ag gregate, the cost of any of the wars which have figured in the indictment have been found guilty.. In f.ome parts I ?V?JV?Z ! 1 buffalo calf may be easily reared and thoroughly tamed has been conclusu ely proved, but little attention has been paia to tneir reproduction in con- of England, chiefly ir i'the southwestern ""ring the last century they were do provinces, whole llocks have perished, 2 SWjlK T. and not a sheep is sound Mr. Gladstone's eldest son has been returned for East Worcestershire in which the large Lyttleton estates lie. The late Lord Lyttleton was Mr. Glad stone's brother-in-law, being married to the second daughter and co-heiress with Mrs. Gladstone of the late Sir Stephen Glyn. This eldest son of Mr. Gladstone, who was a Lord of the Treasury during his father's administration, is profound ly siuniu, ami couiti wuu uuiicuu uu tain his degree at Oxford. The fourth son, Herbert, who was defeated at Mid dlesex, but who mil be returned in his father's stead for Leeds, is especially bright, and is likely to make his mark in the House. The Sovereign Count of Erbach Erbach. who claims descent from Char lemagne's daughter Emma and her midnight lover, Eginhard, has offered his hand to a gardener's daughter, Fraulcin Luck, of Bessungen, near Darmstadt. His Highness's imperial ancestress, whose stone coffin, in which she and her lowly-born consort were in terred together nearly eleven centuries ago, is preserved in the venerable castle of Erbach to the present day, set her descendants an example, by herself contracting a morganatic marriage, which they have not proved amiss in following. On Good Friday morning, at the Church of All Hallows, Lombard Street, London, according to a custom which has been observed for the last 287 years, sixty of the younger boys from Christ's Hospital attended the service, after which, in accordance with the will of Peter Symonds, made in 1593, they each received at the hands of the church wanlen a new penny and a packet of raisins. Another very ancient custom was observed at St. Bartholomew the Great, Smithficld, where at the 'conclu sion of thc service an old tomb in the church-yard was visited, w hen the Bcv. J. Morgan laid twenty-one sixpences on the tomb, which were picked up by tw enty-one elderly females of thc parish. It is said that an old lady left this bene faction, and that she lies buried in the church-yard, but the exact spot can not be pointed out. Thc Boast Bert of Old England. The roast beef of Old England is largely furnished nowadays from the stock- ards of Young America ; and so with the beef on the hoof. In 1875 four million pounds of fresh beef were scut from this country to Great Britain ; the next year the export jumped to thirty three millions; the year following to forty-nine millions; w hile for the past i nies, and interbred with domestic cows. I producing a half-breed race which is tertue, and which readily amalgamates with the domestic cattle. The half breed are large, fine animals, possessing most of the characteristics of their wild parentage. They can be broken to the yoke, but are not so sober and managc ble in their work as the tame breed sometimes, for instance, making a dash for the nearest water, with disastrous results to thc load they are drawing. It is somewhat difficult, also, to make a fence which shall resist the destructive strength of their head and horns. But the elforts at taming buffaloes have not been many or seriously carried on, and no attempt appears to have been made to perpetuate an unmixed domestic race. Probably after a few generations they would lose their natural untractableness, and when castrated would doubtless form superior working-cattle, from their greater size, strength, and natural agil ity. Ernest lngersoll,in Popular Sci ence Monthly. The Girl Pound In China. Mocko Edwin, a Burmese, who has been educated in this country with the view of sending him as a Baptist mis sionary to Burmah. lectured recently in Baltimore. Speaking of the deplorable condition of women in the East, owing mainly to peculiar religious teachings, he said: " Girls in China are believed to have no souls, and to kill them is not murder, and therefore not to be pun ished. Where parents are too poor to support the girl children, they are dis posed of in the following way: At reg ular intervals an appointed officer goes through a village and collects from poor parents all the girl children they can not care for, when they are about eight days old. He has two large bas kets attached to the end of a bamboo pole and slung over his shoulder. Six infants are placed in each basket, and he carries them to some neighboring village and exposes them for sale. Mothers who desire to raise wives for their sons buy such as they may select. The others are taken to the Govern ment asylum, of which there are many all through the country. If there is room there they are taken in, if not they are drowned." mm A lady of Troy attended three hun dred funerals last year. She probably writes letters to the funeral fashion pa pers. -V. Y. Com. Adc. Her life must oo a perpetual rehearsal. Evening Jtul Ictin. What exposure that woman must be subject to ; she'll probably die of coffin. Varren Hill Times. She must be dreadfully tuckered out. Strength ening prescription gratis : Take to her two years it has been fifty-four millions I beer. Bumjtoicn Jlanner. If her ap each. This increase is.prodigious, but petite for funerals doesn't pall she'll un it is paralleled by that of the export of l dertaker three hundred this year. live cattle. In 1870 there were 31,593 live cattle exported; in 1879 there wtre 13G.720. In the pa-t four years there have been exported, in roun'l numbers, 300,000 live cattle and 200,000,000 pounds of beef. Enormous as these fig ures are, they still increase, and lately 1111'P liiuin citnnfnmanfnil vf rm-in oKin. ments of live sheep and fresh mutton. ' quit. Idleicild Mirror. Siiuedunk Herald. She doubtless plumes herself as the champion mourner. Finlhersrille Record. And possibly has cultivated a good tomb stone. Musical Hicieic. Think that bell toll'd a lie or made a miscount. Truthteller. Brethren, the subject is too grave to be so trifled with. Let's ' The Geodetic Union of Europe and ' Africa. The important work of connecting t the systems ot triangulation covering t Western Europe and Northern Africa ' was consummated in thc latter part of I October last. Preparations for it hail ibeen going on for several years under the direction of Gen. Ib&nez and M Perrier, acting respectively for the gov ernments ol spam ami trance. Four mountain heights wero "elected for signaling operations, namely, Mul-1 hacen and Tetiea, in Spain (the former being the highest in that country), and Fihaoussen and M'Sabiha, between Oran and the frontier of Morocco. It was decided not to trust alone to solar i signals, but also to employ the electric ' light at night, and the event fully justi fied this resolve, for the solar signals J totally failed, being seen neither in bpain nor Algeria. The difficulties of the en terprise, then, will be obvious on con sideration, for to produce the electric I light with sufficient intensity it was necessary to ha e recourse to electro- j magnetic apparatus driven bvstcam en gines, and tho problem was that of haul ing up Gramme machines, engines of I six-horse power, and various instru-1 ments, to summits of 1,000 to 3,550 ' meters height, making roads on thee desert mountains, organizing supplies of water and fuel, andfinally providing accommodation and sustenance at each station for twenty to one hundred men and fifteen or twenty beasts. There was a military guard attached to each station (in Algeria especially this was necessary), and tho soldiers worked in roadmaking, etc. The time open for operations was short between tho intense heat and the early snows. On August 20 all were at their posts Colonel Barraquer on Mulhaccn, Major Lopez on Tctica, Captain Bassot on Filhaoussen,and M. Perrier onM'Sabiha. But in vain were solar signals sent by day and electric by night; the vapors from the mediterranean proved imper vious to the beams. At length, however, on September 9, after twenty days' feverish expectation, M. Perrier per ceived the electric light of Tctiea,visible sometimes to the naked eye, like a round reddish disk, as bright as Alpha in Arc turns, which appeared nearthe horizon. On the 10th he perceived the French signals, and a period of definite observa tion was entered upon, extending from September 9 to October 18. The geo detic junction of the continents was at length realized. Tho numerical results arrived at with regard to those four im mense triangles ol some seventy leagues length of side are given in a communi cation by M. Perrier to the French Academy, and are shown to have satis factory accuracy. By this work the geodetic operations, in the British Islands, France, Spain, and Algeria, were united into one grand system of triangles, reaching from thc Sahara (31 X. L.) to the northernmost of the Shetland Islands (61 N. L.), giving a meridian are of 27, the great est hitherto measured on the earth. Scientific American. m 9 m The Overawed Gambler. The cool; unflinching gaze of a brave man, it is said, will awo a tiger. The statement 'is perhaps an exaggerated one, but we will tell an incident of a man whose eye awed a human tiger. Some forty years ago, thu citizens of Natchez, aroused by the excesses of the gamblers infesting their city, drove them out, and threatened them with death if they ever returned. Promi nent among those citizens were Capt. Quitman, a leading lawyer of Natchez. A month or two later, he and a small band crossed into Texas to aid those who were fighting Santa Anna and his Mexicans. Late one night Quitman ar rived at San Augustine, where he found the people overawed by a large gang of gamblers, some of whom Tiad lately come from Natchez. They recognized him and resolved to have revenge. Quit man quartered his men in a large build ing, while he occupied a room in an ad jacent house. lie had just taken off his coat, when the door was thrown vio lently open. A tall, fierce-looking man entered. In his belt was a bowie-knife, and in his rirht hand he held a pistol. I Fortunately, Quitman hid not laid aside his belt-pistols, and drawing one he I raised it quickly, so that the man was covered by it. I " I know you and you know me," he ! said, looking the gambler calmly in the eye. " I desire no quarrel with you, but 1 don't fear you." The gambler glared at him for a mo ment, and then, his features relaxing into a smile, said " Captain, you're a brave man, and I will bo your inend," and he retired, quietly closing the door after him. A few weeks after, the vmr being at an end, Capt. Quitman was returning some overland, accompanied only br his negro servant. Crossing a small stream, and mounting the bank, which had dense underwood on both sides, ho found two trees felled across tho path. Suspecting that he was in a trap, ho turned and saw three men, armed with guns, coming up in the rear. He could neither advance nor retreat. Instantly springing to the ground, he drew his Eistol, and placed the horso between imself and the robbers. The sharp crack of a rifle behind him, and the rush of the ball over his head, caused him to turn. Seeing tho gambler whom ho had met at San Augustinegalloping his horso at full speed towards him, ho prepared to sell his life as dearly as possible. Tho man, dropping his gun to show that ho was not an enemy, approached. Iteeog nizing Quitman, he said : " Captain, I'm mighty glad I had the chance to servo you. I and my partners were coming this way, and I, being in the advance, saw, as l" turned the angle of the path, the situation. Let's see if I hit one of those robbers." On searching, they found traces of blood, but no signs of tho robbers. Some years after, this gambler was convicted of gambling, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment and one thou sand dollars fine. Quitman paid one half of the fine. Tho gambler, it is said, subsequently reformed, and became an estimable man, respected by all who knew him. Youth's Cbmximwi. A correspondcrt of tho Louisville Courier Journal tells a story of a case in regard to a patent on a corset, which re cently came up in the United States Su primo Court. The judges of this august court are all very grave and dignified gentlemen, and the black silk gowns which they wear add to the solemnity of their bearing. The corset patent was a delicate subject to bring Into this au gust court, but the contending parties had gone to law on the question as to whether "coutil" was cut on the straight or bias, and in regard to the whalebono casings. One patentee claimed that ho had improved upon the original design; that the first patentee's corset placed the whalebone in the casing, and that it had to be fastened with a needle and thread ; that his patent had the advan tage ef an invention which closed up tho top and bottom of the opening. The lawyer who was arguing tho case brought a lot of the corsets in court and distributed them to each of the Judges that they might examine the Invention as he explained it. The novel spectacle was presented of each one of these gen tlemen timidly scrutinizing the myster ies of the bias and straight, and pushing whalebones in and out of the casings. All tried to look knowing and capable of giving an astute opinion; they whis peredto one another, of course exchang ing only legal knowledge, but the ludic rous situation was appreciated by the lawyers and spectators. Among the stories which are told at St. Petersburg of the attempts made by tha Nihilists to penetrate into the Winter Palace is the following: Gen. Gourko, when Governor of St. Peters burg, had the right of entering at any time into thc Emperor's room without being announced. Once, however, tho doorkeeper, seeing something unusual about his appearance, stopped him say ing it would be necessary to inform the Emperor of his arrival. The General objected at first, but, finding that tho doorkeeper only grew more suspicious, ultimately agreed to his being an nounced. The doorkeeper then told the Emperor of his doubts; upon which the latter went to a writing tabic in bis room, which was connected by tele graph with Gen. Gourko's residence, and telegraphed, " Where Is Gourko?" at home," was the reply. This, of course settled the point; tho false Gourko was arrested, and turned out to bo a member of the Kevolutionary Com mittee. m Speaking of the sudden variations in the weather and the danger of taking cold, a friend says it isn't safe to change a pocket handkerchief nowadays.