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An Account or Hume of l'cunsjlranta's
(Jaeer Sect. Tiik Riv or Brethren of Pennsylvania closely resemble tlio old Dunkards, the Aniishand the Seventh Day Baptists. These plain anil simple folks are scat tered all over Eastern Pcnnsy Ivania. They recently held their annual love feast in Ijcbanon County, near Hum melstown. They had an ox roist, pub lic feet washing, a praise meeting, and a gcner.il reunioD. About six hundred persons w ere present To the stranjer these various Penn sylvania (teniun sects all look alike, but upon close inquiry their beliefs, forms of worship, habits and customs are found to be different. One sect baptize by plunging tho convert. three times into the water forward; another sect plunges its converts into the water backward. One uses no buttons on garment; another uses buttons. The no button people use hooks and cy cs only. The dress of one of these farm ers is usinlly a very broad-brimmed black wool hit, stiff and strong; a dark brown cutaway coat, with a small collar and no 1 lpcls; hook and oyc3 in a row down in front; dark piutaloons. cut straight up and down (no spring bot toms). Ili- luir is always worn Very' long, and cut oil" straight, like a brush. Generally thev are dark-haired and dark-eyed. Their stylo of dress has not changed in a hundred ycar. and their tailors have u-ed nothing but tiie regulation patterns since their ances-torsMir-t crOH-d the sea. Tho young men follow closely in the paths of their fathers, anil tho make-up of a sixtcen-year-oM'boy is generally tlie same as his fif ty-y ear-old sire. The w omen wear the plainest of gar ments; coarse brown or dark gray frocks with very narrow skirts; dark silk handkerchiefs overthcir shoulders; black silk and pasteboard bonnets, stiffly made on the seoojHshovul pat tern; a pair of rough calfskin shoes. Thus nttireil t hev aru read v for a meet ing, the market, or a marriage, as tho cac may be. The scventecn-v ear-old girl dicse.s like her mother and grand mother, only thechild sometimes wears a silk kerchief of a color brighter than tint worn by her mother. To see their prcttv Mack eyes it is nceesstry to get a look at them from the front. The asemblngcat the love feast was made tin of just this class of people. Some of them came twenty miles, and their conveyances covered several acres. These fanners generally own lirst-class lnr-cs, and they take a pride in driving tothc feast in their very Ix-st turnouts. An ample stock of feed is brought with them, and the horses are tied along the fence. Pour ministers or speakers were present. The feet-washing was at night. These services take plaeo once a j ear before harv est, and aro held to give praio to tho Lord for llis good ness in sending them abundant crops. The cercnionv of washing feet is usual ly priva'e. The men gird themselves "with t.iwcls ami, with a basin in hand, wash tho feet of their brothers, as a lesson in humility. The women wash each other's feet in the same manner. The- baptism are public Tncn follows a general rejoicing, and a roasted ox is eaten. You are welcome," said a broad brim to his city visitors. " You aro welcome to partake of what we have. All strangers are welcome." In the conversation that followed, tho old gentleman aid: " We very rarely engage in law suits; never among our solves. We settle our own grievances between us, slick together, intermar ry, keep honct, and that's about the way w e get along. If j on want to lind the" Ornish people yon must go down into t!ieConestog.iValley in Lancaster County, llxo Dunknrds live over in Berks" and Lancaster Counties, the Seventh Day Baptists about Ephrata, which is fcomctimes called Dnnkard town; the Moravians are over in Beth lehem, and also in Litiz, Lancaster County. We are all pretty much cut over the same cloth, but there are many writers who get us mixed up in their descriptions. Yesterday ! attended the funeral of a very old Moravian over in Bethlehem. His name was BickcL aud he w as nearly eighty years of age. For fifty years ha was" a member of tho trombone quartet of the church. Their troailione piayers, every Easter mom iiigliefivrt'diilic'it, go" about the vil lage plaxin" it.Uib!e anthem. In their graveyards arc no m mutucnts, fancy rniUujs or fences. They are all buried in row-, rich and pcor alike, men with men, and women with women. A small flat piece of marble is placed on each grave. The graves are numbered, and Die record is kept in the church book. As they die they are buried, so that families are scp irated in the burying ground. At first sight their cemeteries look Hkc empty grass fields. 'The Amish or Oirish people are very strict. They have no churches, but"thcy meet at one another's farms, and one of their number does the preaching. Their dress is very simple. If any of them meets with losses, by fire or otherwise, tho others contributo so much apiece to make good the loss. If a son or daughter marries outside of their sect, he or she is disowned. In this they arc very strict. They own magnificent farms, and their spacious barns are ten times larger than their hou-.es. No personin tho world is moro holiest than an Omishman. They take no part in elections, but pay their taxes. "I see that in the courts of Berks County a very interesting case has just been decided by a Mailer in Chaucery, in which two parties in a Mennonitc congregation w ere lighting fora church. The congregation split bcciue their pastor, tho Iter. Mr. Olierholtzer, rc tusod to appear iu church in a regula tion coat. The regulation coat is one that has buttons on one fide only, and no collar. Although the Her. Oberholtzer went to Conference iu a regulation caat to state his case, he lo-t it. and then ho established a new sect, calling it tho New Measure Men ncnitcs. "The story of Rachel Kerster has never found its way into print that I have heard of. She was the only child of a rich Dunkard, and she became tired of the plain dresses and primitive cus toms of her people. Sho infouued her father of this and asked tp be allowed to travel and sec the world. Her father becamo angrv? one word brought on another, until finally she was disowned. She left home, and her father spent three years in finding her. She had taken refuge vv ith a friend in a small Western town, and when she was dis covered sho was wearing worldly dresses. She was taken home and dressed in homespun; but she soon died." The love feast lasted three days. Sometimes they are held in the open air. and often in a very large frame building containinz table accommoda tions for hundreds of people, built especially for the purpose. Small con gregations sometimes hold love feasts on flic clean floors of a member's mim moth bam. Their service consists of song, prayer, baptism by immersion, foot washing and feasting. The farm ers go to the feasts in the morning and return to their homes at nightfall. Cor. Sew Tork Sun. Endurance of Engines and Engineers. Ax English engineer of Toronto, on being asked what mileage a locomotive could make without repairs, said that he knew of one running 163,601 miles in live years. But the eudurance of an engineer is something wonderful. One man for several years rode 176 miles a day, or 1.05C miles a week, or 4,576 for a month of twenty-sir working days, or a total of 55,083 miles for one year of 313 working days. As to the re sponsibilities oFa passenger engineer, another said those of the Americans havo been increased tenfold in the past few years by the adoption of the air brake. Now he can depend on no one in time of trouble, norcai hclay blame on anybody. Tho entire train is under his control, and he has often, unknown to the passengers, averted a serious accident by quick applianco of tho brakes. . m The North British Hallway Com pany's plans for restoring the Tay Bridgo are now published. The main features of the new structure will be two. The old long girders, which were thirteen in number, are to be replaced by tw enty-six small girders, and they aro to be thirty-ono feet lower than they were in the old bridge. This new plan will give abundant securities for stability, but it will, of course, necessi tate a lowering of the girders already standing, and it is on this ground that the plan is' expected to be opposed. The people interested in the fafteeii or twenty smacks that find their wav up the river to the neighborhood of Perth in the course of a year will, inthdname of "tho navigation of the Tay," prob ably take considerable exception to the new plans. , PERSONAL AM) LnXRART. 1 The Emperor William has just given Professor Nordenskjold a decoration. I Lucy Larcoh was a Lowell factory girl, and she is not ashamed to say so. I S MtAii Beusuaudt's prieo for rcad- I ing or acting in private houses is $300 a night. I Tennvson's last poem, " Do Pro , fundis," is severely criticised by the English press. Mia. JaneG. Austin is credited with the authorship of the latest "No Name" novel, "Mrs. Beauehamp Brown." Miss Sidnev Paul Gill, who died it Newark. JJ. J., recently, was tho author ' of the hymn, "I, Want to be an Angel. ' M Attic Twain has two new books in hand, and it is likely that one ot them at least w ill make its appearance before many months. Mis. Frances Hodgson Burnett, tho novel writer, vv ill pass tho summer with Mrs, Isabel Beecher Hooker at Hartford. Conn. Mi:. Tuovias Hughes sails for this country August 12, to supervise the or ganization of a Tennessee Land Com pany. Ho will lecture during Septein berand October. Longfellow's "Mask of Pandora" is to bo brought out as an opera at tho Boston Theater. The poet will proba bly add some rhvnied verses to its blank verse. Wonderfully line and cor rect costumes are promise 1, including a ballet in flowing Grecian robes. It is stated that when M. Kenan has finished the volume on Marcus Aure liu', which is to conclude his series of the "Origin of Christianity," he in tends to devote himself to writing a history of the Jew; and hopes to bring the work within the compass of three volumes. Of Edgar Poe, not Ions before he died, Mr.David Graham Adeo writes in the Republic: "He was below the mid dle heigiit, and dressed in rather nisty blaek broadcloth. His collar was turned back, fully exposing the beautiful neck aud fine, intellectual countenance. He , wore his dark locks long and negli gently; the broad massive brow com manded respect and reverence; the almost boyish face was ornamented with, in those days, the foreign append , age, only worn by officers, of a small , mustache; and tho superb eyes, large, . deep-set and lustrous, burned with the godlike glow of genius." I 1 A Scientific Demon. I confess 1 like to know what the scientific folic are doing. It gives me such excellent topics for dinner talk, and, after all. it's a more original sub ject than Ascot or Modje-ka. Accord in"! v I satunderone Dr. Siemens, at the Socfctv of Tcleiraph Engineers, last week, and heard him discourse of the powers and magic of a familiar demon of his, by name Dynamo-Electricity, ' The demon was as obedient as Mephis topheles in the hand of this modern Faust, and his first performance was t certainly sensational and startling. In ) eight minutes by my watch the demon. wrappeu up in a nine "ruen sun. ui reek melted a bar of solid steel, and vv as dulv apphauded for the feat. 1 then learnt tfiat plants, fruit and vegetables are susccntible of the most extraordi- i nary "forcing" under tho new power. AH you nave to no is to set your uemon to blaze and glitter on your orchids, your peas, your gardenias and your as paragus all night long, and the flowers and vegetables will make mighty strides in grow th and flavor. At intervals of some three or four davs they are al lowed to sleep for an hour or tw o in total darkness, but it seems that the demon on the whole, docs them no end of good and brings them to perfect on mouths earlier than by the old-fashioned svstem of alternate day and night. This is comforting to lovers of early strawberries. Tinally, I learnt that if you managed to battle up the demon in a small engine he can drag a whole train of carriages through a St. Gothard tunnel, or up a mountain, if you like. After a time Dr. Vaust-Sie-mens hopes his imp will be able to draw caricatures, edit a paper, and, possibly, solve the Bradlaugh and Par nell Parliamentary problems. Welcome demon! London I nify Fair. A tract of fifty thousand acres on tho Northern Pacific Railroad has been bought for a colony from Belfast, Ireland. HUMOROUS. The evil that mendolivesafterthcm. Cows likewise do not give olcoinanra rine until they are dead. Graphic Riches are called the " root" of all evil because peoplo can't branch out unless they havo the root. lloslon Tranicripl. i The blind man should be the most contented man in the world, because he can have everything he sees. Slcuben ville Jlerald. When a tcmalo contributor to a monthly magazine speaks of "the most delicious, delectable, cntrincing and distracting of all inno.-ent indulgences," she means a kiss Uartfonl Suiday Journal. Bi.Evnivn an awkward silence: Mrs. Moutague Smart (suddenly, to bashful youth, who has not opened his lips since lie vvas introduced to her a quarter of an hour ago) " And now let us talk of something else"' Hindi. Old Gunwyhags "So you want to marry my daug'iter, eh?" Well, sir, what are your expectations, sir?" Young Sharpy "Well, I expect that you 11 do the handsome thing in the way of a marriage gift, and that will last us until yon drop off, and then of course, you will 111-is.e your will in our favor." Andrews Dazar. Well-uegul vtei ho'cls now set special tables for tho accommodation of guests who prefer to put knives down their thro its while eating. To prev cnt accidents the knives are to be attached to the tables by small chains. Professional sword swallowers, how ever, will be allowed to handle tho table ware in their own way. Sew Or leans I'ic-iuunc "Would you like to have a bow?" said the bold young archer as they sauntered down the held, aud she mur mured "Yes." ami the absorbed archer said "What kind of a bow would you prefer?"' She quivered a little as "she replied, archly, "I think I should pre fer y ew," and then the y oung man took it in, and although he was an arrow chested y outh he went to tho target and heaved a bull's sigh. Iloston C-nnmer-cial Advertiser. Professor of Greek, who is out rid ing with his wife, notices that the horse is thirsty and drives into a stream by the rosilside; professor remarks that thero is evidently some weighty ob struction vvh'cli prevents the horse from getting his head down to drink, and savs that he will make observations with a view of detecting the difficulty. Suddenly he exclaims, "Ah! I per ceive," and proceeds to unbuckle the crupper. Sew York Observer. Twenfj'Eight Years Absent. Mil John R. Davison, of this place, sailed from New York twenty-eiht y ears ago, with a young male compan ion, to seek his fortune, assuring his people he should not loturn until he had attained a competence. Ho weath ered Cape Horn and brought tip in Aus tralia, where both men have sinco labored with varying luck; but it is evident that in locating and selling claims they at last struck it rich. They " left Australia early in 1880, took a tour through Europe, sailed ujion the Red and Mediterranean Seas, returned to New York by way of London, and ar rived in Norwich last week unbe known to Mr. Davison's parents. In the old house where they lived when lie left he found an oyster saloon, and the two went in and partook of sea food in the old spot. They then wandered overCentnl Wharf, when they espied tho sign, " W. P. Davison, shoemaker," which indicated that Mr. Davison's father still lived. He entered the place, bargained for a pair of lioots, and talked about the old man's son, whom he claimed to have known in Australia. The old gentleman vvas de lighted to meet a man who had seen his long-absent boy, and talked viva ciously of him as he used to be; and when the middle-aged mm declared himself to bo the son, the father vvas not at first ready to believe it; but tho proof was positive, and to-day he is en joying a vacation with the boys, and is as happy- and jolly as he used to be a quarter of a ccnturv ago. Soncich (Conn.) Bulletin. A faujiei: living near Asa warn, Mass.. has captured two pure white robins. It is believed that thev are the only pair cf entirely white birds ot this species in the country, the so-called white rob ins usually having many dark feathers.