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THE DODGE CITY TIMES.
SUBSCBirTIOX: (2.00 pr Tear, la Aduotf. XICHOLAS B. KLAIXE. Editor. PEOPLE WILL TALK. You may irct throush tho worli, but 'twill be very slow. If you listen to all that Is said as you 20: You'll bo worried, and fretted, and kept In a stew Fur meddlesome tonjues must havo some thin? to do. And people will talk. lfnulctand modest, you'll have It prcsum-d That your humble position Is onlv assumed You're n woir In sheep's clothing, or else you're u lool: But don t pet cc ted keep perfectly cool For people will talk And then. If you show the least boldness of heart. Or a slight Inclination to take your own part. They iil cull younn upstart, conceited end vain; But keep straight ahead don't stop to ex plain For people will talk. If threndbarcyourdress,orold-fashIonedyour hat. Some one will surely take notice of that. And hint rather strong that jou cant pay your way; But don't pet excite!, whatei er they say - For people will talk. If you dress In the fashion, don't think to'cs- cae, Forthey criticise then in a different shape; Vou'ro ahead of your means, or your tailor's unpaid; But mind our own business there's naught to bo made. r er people, will talk. Now, the ben way to do Is to do as you plcae: For your mind if you have one will then be nt eae. Of course sou will meet with all sorts of abuse; But don't think to rtop them It ain't any use For people trfll talk. FISIIIXK WITH A PICKAX. Hammer for Kodf, riilnelo for Cult Foll I'lll and Wllire to Und tliem Ptiirt-a 31de of Whale9 Bones Some III; PUli Storlck. "Going into til? plumbing business'" 3 well-known scientific man, who was rigged out in a rough-and-ready suit and carried a bag suggestive of bad drainage and defective Hues, wa3 asked in the Grand Central Depot. "No," he replied, laughing, "Fm going a-fihing, and this is ray outfit. I have found a place in the country where salt-water fishing can bo had. Sunderland. Mass., is the spot, thoush other equall- choice places are Scho harie, X. Y.; parts of tlio Caltskills. Milford, X. V.; Ithaca, Buffalo, Cum berland, Md.; Moorstown, Pa.: South btiry. Conn., besides many otherplaccs; and if you want large game go to Canon City or Charleston, S. C Of course this is sub rosa, because if it gets out the country will bo Hooded wth Walton next summer." ' You said salt fish, not salt cod?" "No. They are genuine sea fish from salt water. It's all in tho bait I use this kind." opening the bag and dragging out four or live hammers and att assortment of cold chisels, "and one kind answers for all." " Ah, I sec. Yon refer to the rock fish." Yes, fossil fishes. It is far ahead of lic fishing, I think. No squalls, seasickness, or waiting for bites, and when you do hook one it don't get off. Then there is the same variety, only fhoy are much moro curious, ranging from armored fellows related to the gars up to sharks a hundred and lifty feet long, and whales perhaps larger yet. My rod is a hammer, and cold chisels make the best Mies; and here is something in lieu of a liarpoon for large game," holding up a wad of gun cotton. "Does it require any skill?" "Certainly," was" the reply.. '"I have over seven hundred different kinds in my collection, so you see I can cast the lly to some purpose. Uf all fossils, fishes are the most dillicult to get out whole, the slightest wrong stroke; in many cases, spoiling the specimens. Many of them 1 treat to a glue bath as soon as possible, and this prevents further breakage. I find them in all sorts of positions, upright, fiat, some torn to pieces by larger'tish. but most of them have evidently died and be come covered by the mud of the bot tom in shallow water, so when taken out you have the fish itself, or its per fect shape, and the .cast. Sometimes a skillful blow will separate the shale so that the upper pieces can be lifted off and used as a cover and protection in the cabinet. We often find the food of the fish, in its stomach, and in this way its habits become known. 1 don't known." in answer to a question, " which is the hardest work. I have tramped all day through the roughest AuironaacK country, wet and hungry, JIudgc. They were from eight to ten feet in length. One line specimen was found weathered out by the wind and rain, forming a mound on the bank of tho Solomon Hiver, Kansas. Numerous other species were, found in the desert tracts, near Fort Wallace, Kansas, on for one trout, and have blasted and J the shores of the great cretaceous sea hammered at a ledge, torn down stone fences and set them np all dayand only realized one lower jaw for my pains', but as it was a new species I felt paid. Doubtless tho latter involves the most manual labor, and I have frequently trampcM ten or twelve miles with a load 1 lection that are as perfect as when of rocks on my back. Had I been forced to do it. I should have consid ered mvself a martyr. Stono fences in the right localities are good places to look for specimens, and I have been as saulted, blackguarded and even sued by farmers for hauling them down, but it is one of the excitements of the sport. that once was thero. What is the largest fossil fish known? The sharks from the tertiary period are probably the largest. Some. of them were pos sibly one hundred and lifty feet long. 1 liave some of their teeth in my col they were in the fish, and the enamel is as rich as ever. Some of the teoth are as large as your outstretched band." " "But how do yon iaow they were a hundred and fifty feet long.?" "By a very slmplo calculation. Tako tho jaw of one of the allied sharks o( to-day the carclutnas as a model, and ,Vll the localities von mentioned . -rrange these fossil teeth in seven or were once under watcr.J" I e'S1'1 rows la imaginary jaw, or one " Yes. the Devonian Sea covered tho ma''? of Plasler.. " J wi ,I,aJo a spot, and the aspect of tao continent ' i'V?, irS rTnTti wh was materially dillerent from what it is $ ro t a Dort,nate length now. I he tcmnernturo. even, was iln. . v .. -. .. w. -- .. cidedly different. At this time the tl? !f nln? Vna.il fi -h th i?..i . v.,.i.:.. .... 1 -..i i : . Alice sollcction of fo3sil fishes, the SyMSS. .LA?arV 3U3i best in tho citv. and probably in the m t?-; Jfi ", ? iU , , Greea countiy. is owned bv Dr. XcwWy. S Int - C WCre Columbia College, anil the la: go shirks' much lower than at present'" flccth m bo een ho jfusWlm in "How long ago was this?" Central Park. Dr. Sir John Hunter, of "Well, the time is given as 33,000,- (the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 000 years mere guess work; but wo i London, in describing a specimen of can easily form ideas of tho immensity medium size, say: "Tho length of thu of time by looking around us, and we 1 base of this tooth from the carduirotlon nmialodon (Acassizl is four inches eight lines; that of tho longest of its sides, tire inches ten lines; with it is placed a tooth of an unusually large specimen of the largest known living species of enrcfiarias, the length of the bu-e of which is ono inch eight lines, and that of the longest of its sides two inches three lines. This tooth is from see that the surface of the earth has not changed perceptibly as far back as we nave information, say four or live thousand years. Now, during the De vonian age, strata were deposited from live hundred to hftcen thousand feet in thickness. You can draw your own conclusions as to whether this deposi tion could take place in a hundred thousand or a hundred million vears. a shark about twentv feet Ion?. Tho The earliest fossil fishes and moro than fossil shark, if bearing the same pro two thousand have been discovered in J portion to the teeth, must have been all arc found in the Schoharie grit, I over sixtv fct long," Tho fossil tooth and were ganoids remarkable creatures t used in Sir John's comparison was from with bonv plates or scales, a regular j tho miocene tertiary for mations o( armor. They were related to our gar- . Jfalta, and was n third smaller than the fishes and sturgeon of to-day, and, largest found in America. Prof, stranger yet. to tho reptiles. They Agassiz made similar comparisons could move their heads up and down, a with liko results- Tho teeth, al decidedly unlishlike arrangement- Some though under srroiind for untold j had plates, liko a green turtle, and pad- ages, still in many cases retain their mes instead ot nns, with wiiicn tney beautiful polish, and the line serrations moved along. They all had. curious of tho trenchant edges are as perfect a vertcbratcd tails, that is, tho vertebra when first depo-itcd. If a longitudinal extended into tho tail, cither the center 1 section is removed from one ot the or tho upper lobe, giving them a re- j basal angles, the thin layer of enam markablc appearanco. One of these, eled dentine will be found intact. In the megalichthjs, coming from tho t the fossil shark's tooth, or glosso vetru, coal age, had such enormous teeth that this enamel is composed of animal sub limy would be taken for those of a croc-: stance and calcareous earth, and i3 odile some of them being seven inches j nearly in the same quantilv as the re long. The head of this monster was centbut the central part of the tooth protected by immense plates. The as-1 has its animal substance in a state of terolcpis was twenty to thirty-five feet mucous! interspersed in the calcareous long, and was a savago creature. One matter. The teeth were formerly of the largest wa3 called tho din- found in great number by Prof. Holmes ichthys. A single massive plate oceu- near Charleston. S. C. pied the center of the back, and was' "You mentioned fossil whales," tha more than two feet in length and reporter remarked; "do you capture breadth.. The head was three feet in 1 them with gun cotton or the ham diamoter, and the mandibles were two . mer'" leet in length, by six inches in depth. I have excavated a o'ood many with and solid bone. Oneyou might call the a pick-ax," was the replv. "They are buckler-fish had a head formed like a ! founa in Georgia and Alabama in the shield.and was prolonged backward into ( tertiary beds-not in hard rock and two long points.sothe animal resembled a gigantic blunt arrowhead. Its eyes wero very small on the top of the head, while tho small body was covered with rhomboidal scales. Another, called the rhizodus, was a carnivorous fish of great size. They are found in tho lime stones and marl that underlie the coal formation, and with them are fonnd ferns, land plants, freshwater shells and crabs, showing that the local ity where they were discovered was an estuary. So perfectly are some of these fishes preserved that every bone, and even the softer parts. Can bo ex amined, especially in the macropoma, a magnificent fish resembling our carp. In nearly all examined the air bladder, or a body that took its place, is found, and is always torn. It evidently enabled the fish to regulate its buoyancy, so that it could move with equal lacility in either very deep or shallow water. One of the most remarkable fishes is found in the cretaceous beds, and is allied to the salmon of to-day. The head, is about the size of that of a grizzly bear, short and blunt like a bulldog's, with short, cylindrical tcsth like those of a tiger, and equally as large. Two pairs of them cross earh other on each side of the end of tho muzzle. It is called scientifically the Portheus, and many specimens were found br the late Prof. are comparatively easy to get out. You fee the plantations near the coast are the beds of the old sea, that has reced ed and exposed the animals that hive been buried in the bottom. The im mense size of the bones show them to 1 have belonged to animals much larger than those of to-day, ami so plenty were they at one time that the planters of .Alabama wero obliged to burn the vertebra! as we do stumps, to get rid of them, and many bnilt fences' of them. The sections make good garden seats. It was a wonderful age when these creatures lived, in' which such animals as,the camel, rhinoceros ' and monster sloths wero indigenous to American soil." JV, r. Sun. A, jury convened by the Sheriff of Qoeens Oonntv. X. Y.. declared Charles Hi Rogers to be of unsound mind. and. Judge Armstrong appointed the young man mother His guardian, .His father, died about a year ago. leaving an estate worth 9350,000. and Charles as his only, heir. It was shown by testimony that be had no appreciation of money in ex cess of a quarter of a dollar, and in all his life had never asked for more for any purpoa . - His mental weakneji is in great part.attributed to the excessiva use of tobacco. ' t PERSONAL AXn LITEKART. Mr. Henry James, Jr., the novelist, is soon to return to America. About President Garfield's grvro are to be planted a weeping beech, a pyramidal oak, abuckeyeandasilvcrfir. James P. Brace, of Xew York, the Ehilanthropist who recently died, found omes in the West for 10,000 poor chil dren. The following inscription has been placed on Prof. Clifford's tomb in High gate Cemetery, England: "I was not, and was conceived; I lived, and did a littl .work; I am not, and grieve not." The proprietors of tho Boston Her ald. Messrs. Pulsifer, Haskell and An drews, havo started on a Southern tour in a special car. It is said that tho yearly income ot each from the news paper is $50,000. Miss Blanche Willis Howard, thn author of "One Summer" and of "Aunt Serena," is described as a tall, plump, pretty blonde, with the most golden of gold hair, delicato complex ion anil blue eyes. It is learned from a credible sourco that Clara Louise Kellogg will at the conclusion of her present concert en gagement be united in marriage to Mr. Whitney, a wealthy Xew York gentle man, after which sho will leave thu stage. Tho ceremony will, it Is stated, occur in Chicago at the homo of ono of Miss KelIogga friends. Miss Sara McLean, the author of the successful bonk "Cape Cor Folks," is said to have kept the completed MS. for a year before submitting it to a publisher, and having at last offered it with much doubt and hesitation, has been greatly surprised at its popularity. In 1850 Dr. Holland was engaged as the assistant editor of the Springfield (Mass.) Republican by Samuel Howies. His first year's salary was 480. and his second year's but .700. At the cud of tho second year, having becomo dissat isn'cd with his pay. ho proposed to leavo tho office. Mr. Bowles thou oilcred him a partnership in the office, and a quarter of the establishment was sold to him for ?3.500. his notes being taken for that amount. When Dr. Holland sold his share, in the Springfield Ilepulr lican in 18U7 it was valued at SiOO.000. giving tho Doctor 50,000 to begin hi3 literary life with. HUUOKOl'S. How much agony, in the way of house plants; do you intend to inliict on yourself this winter? Botlon iV2. Jersey Cashier: "lam guilty, and willing to go to the Penitentiary. Tiie depositors can go to tho Poor-house." l.oiiiscille Courtcr-Jourtia!. Grubb is the name of aXew Jcrjoy militia General. He is first to the front and the last to leave a banquet. .V. U. IKcayune. "Cleanliness," we are told. " is next to godliness." Under theso cir cumstances, we may assume that soar, is next to charity;" at all events'., let's soap so. Jurlg. Confederate bonds have been sell ing at 2 10. This is owing to tht a-sthctic craze. Everybody wants an tiques and otherwise useless things foi bric-a-brac htek An advertisement in a New Yorl paper reads: "Wanted A compositor one who uses neither tobacco nor rum." So it would appear that in some chief compoitors actually use theso vi! things. It doesn't seem credible. A'orrisloum liernld. "Few people," says an exchange "realize what a wonderfully delicate structure the'human ear is." That's t fact. They bang away at the car-drun as though it wercabass-drnm, and bore into it as they would bore into an oaker plank. Boston Transcript. A gentleman who was Inspecting a house in tho most fashionable part ot Austin complained that the location was too dull and lonesome, that then , was no life. "It may seem a little dull now," responded the owner of the house, "but you wait till the first of the month, when the grocers and butchers are trying to collect their bills, and you will think there Is a fair or a circus out in this part of town. I know it is a little doll daring the day. That's tho way it is in all fashionable locali ties, but just wait till about twelve o'clock at night when these high-toned roosters come home drunk, ana .pound on their front, doors and whoop." Jcxas Silings. I'