Newspaper Page Text
iS w 5. w iv fe- rl l t K r iw- f THE TIMES. Dodge Crrrt Thursday, June 2. SUBSCRIPTION, SI :00 per year, In ailvaace. If. U. KtAIPrB.ltrMPfcllrtier. ADVERTISING RATES. RKacu.B AoTZBnsKnesTs one dollar per Inch pace per month. Local Notccm, ten cent per line for the first Insertion and five centa per line for each robte qnent insertion. , ty The Dodob Crrr Tana has a large asd growing circulation in Ford and adjoining coun ties, and is a valuable advertising medium. jf& A paper recently started in the north ern part of the state is called the Kansas Bed Bug. It is to he hoped it will crawl into every house. Tobacconist Hen, of New York who scratched together a fortune of $2,000, 000 as a nest-egg for his heirs, and now they are fighting over it like gamecocks. Henry George is constantly adding to what he proposes to do. He now propos es to abolish pawnshops. We have no faith in his scheme. It will be an unre deemed pledge. Congressman John A. Anderson's re cent lecture before ihe Alpha Beta lit erary society of the agricultural college, at Manhattan, on "Our Country," is spoken of as a splendid effort. A physician in Idaho thought he was administering ipecac to a patient, but it proved o be strychnine and the patient died. He should be admitcd to member ship in the Didnt-know-it-was-loaded so ciety. Mark Twain says the stingiest people in the world live in Florida. There is a man down there, says the gay and fes tive Mark, who is so stingy that he uses a wart on the back of his neck as a collar button. Whatever else may be said of Gover nor Taylor, of Tennessee, he is a good Democrat. He announces that there is not a single Republican in a state office in Tennessee. Andrew Jackson lived in that state. Patti, having reached Europe safe and sound, remarks that her experience in America was delightful. No doubt of it, and the people of the United States paid about a quarter of a million dollars to make it so. California has begun to feel a little jealous at the big boom throughout the Southwest, and is going to get up a great state fair, at which all its products will be exhibited. It will be a show well worth seeing. It is said that Ella Wheeler Wilcox gives to the poor the money she earns writing. Lots of newspaper men do that same thing, and dont have to go outside their own households to find subjects of their benefactions. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe shops at Topeka employ 1,016 men, and the number is being gradually increased. Every man that comes along, possessed of any knowledge whatever of the bus iness, is given work. Judge Robertson, ex-collector of the port of New York, when at Albany the other day, said the republican party of that state was getting in splendid condi tion for the next presidential contest, and that everybody seems to be for Blaine If he could win. The trustees of the Butchers' conven tion at Chicago, ask that the provisions authorizing a walking delegate be reemd ed, and that no mileage and per diem be allowed. It looks as though the "walk ing delegate" is destined to be relegated to the Independent order of tramps. One of the substitutes for liquor in Maine is called hayseed beer. It is brew ed from hops, molasses, and yeast cake. For use in families not well supplied with good dish water or for persons unable to afford soda-pop this hayscod beer will come very handy. A Southern paper reports that "a sheep raiser in Runnels county, Texas, has a beard five feet four inches long and twenty-one inches wide in its broadest part. It is of a rich chestnut color." The last statement looks like an attempt to pull the wool over an old joke. Mrs. Grant has just received irom Charles L. Webster a check for $33,384.58 as additional profits on the sale of Gener al Grant's Memoirs. The has thus re ceived to date a total of $494,459.53 The final success of Grant's book is un precedented in the history of literature. The Leavenworth Times thus speaks of a good organization of workingmen : "The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engin eers should be given large credit. They don't strike. No class of workingmen are more thrifty or more intelligent than the men who make up the Brotherhood of Engineers." A prominent man who has traveled much in Kansas says: "Why, the word goes out that Kansas is getting rich. So she is. Before you had prohibition you seat out $27,000,000 for liquors; last year yoo sent out but $7,000,000. Another thing, you are getting rich in your noble men and women." The Comique Theatre at Paris, burned on the evening of May 25th. Two thou sand persons were present, among which were many Americans. The avenues of escape were insufficient and the panic was terrible. Over one hundred persons were burned and trampled to death. The firemen and life saving crews were heroic in their efforts to save the unfortunate victims. The thinking farmers of the west have long since been convinced of the fact that no farmer can obtain the best results by raising and disposing of a single crop each year. It is generally conceded by the most successful farmers that the only guarantee to reasonable profits, except in the first few years of the cultivation of a vergin soil, lines in a judicious combi nation of growing grasses, grain awl live stock. Kara! Workl THE" KADTBEIr. We remember a few years ago a resi dent of Wichita assured us that the rain belt would be moved westward. It was located then 60 or 75 miles east of Dodge City. The portion of country lying then within the rainbelt was less subject to the vagaries of the Kansas climate, notwith standing the drouthy periods prevailed at times in different parts of the region de scribed within the boundaries of the promised land. We are led to remind ourselves that the prediction, that the rainbelt would shift itself westward, is literally true. The rainbelt is shifting itself westward, keeping in march with the progress of the immigration boom. The daily line of white covered wagons, and the loaded railroad trains give ample assurances that the rainbelt is in the sim ple and unvarying process of shifting itself to conform with the conditions and needs of the sturdy immigrant and hon est yeoman seeking the buffalo grass plains and sage bush valleys of Colorado. The rainbelt iflft) longer an imaginary line of the bounds of the home of the granger. The so-called rainbelt now de scribes an area which includes the boundless plains of Kansas and Colorado. Therain8 of the year 1887 give the gratifying assurance that the rainbelt is no longer confined to a particular portion of Kansas. In fact, the rainbelt is no longer a question in the minds of the peo ple. So far as Kansas is concerned the rainbelt covers its entire area, and the word rainbelt has become obsolete and is expunged from the vocabulary of Kansas. The rainbelt girts the capacious body of the no longer doubtful Kansas whose climatic conditions were once as fickle as the blushing maiden in her teens Kan sas is growing old, and in her age she em bodys all the elements that go to make stability and wealth and character. No longer a doubtful child under the capri ces of youth, but a gallant old hero who has fought many battles, and now yields the fruits of his victories to those who come to enjoy his well earned laurels. And the rainbelt encircles all of West ern Kansas. The Topeka Capital contains a para graph several days ago copied from the Salina Journal, to the effect that Hon. J. M. Simpson, one of the members of the legisl ature from McPherson county, would soon remove to Pratt Center. We are glad to state that such is not the case. Colonel W. O. Bradley, the republican candidate for governor of Kentuck, says that if the party can odd about 20,000 votes to the Blaine vote of 119,000 they will carry the state at the August elec tion. The colonel is diligently stumping the state against "Bolivar, Betsy and the Baby." We are told that Mr. Cleveland's friends arc opposed to the nomination of Mr. Thurman for governor of Ohio be cause they are afraid of the old Roman. If they are afraid of him it is because the old man is the greatest democrat in the country, and the contrast between the governor and the president would be un pleasant. The example set by the Chicago strik ers is worthy of emulation elsewhere. Upon the establishment of the builders' lockout, the men who believed they could not afford to work at the wages offered sought and found employment in other lines of work. This action is based on hard horse sense, and should be remem bered to the credit of the strikers. With protection planting itself in every section of the country by diversified in dustries, it is time to stop the free trade babble. It is no more in accord with the genius of our institutions than is the an archy of Herr Most, and both strike at every vital energy of a people whose whole wealth and grandeur are in their industries. Clarke, a union veteran residing in New York, was a signal boy on Admiral Farragut's flagship at Mobile. A shell from the rebel guns rolled up behind the Admiral, and the boy seeing the danger, promptly rolled it overboard, when it ex ploded in the water. He is now so poor that the Farragut medal voted him by con gress for his bravery has been pledged for a small loan. The street paving mania has broken out in a number of towns in the eastern part of the state, and jobs put up on the owners of property by paving rings. Street improvements the Times holds are wise in any city, but corrupt-rings should be denounced and put down at whatever cost. A city niay be so rich that like New York under Tweed it may take years to find out that the tax payers are being robbed but when the people do make the discovery a fearful retribution awaits the scoundrels who put their hand into the public treasury. This has been tried so often and so many families have been wrecked by it that it does seem that men should hesitate a long time before perpe trating a fraud of this character. It is to be hoped that the big cities of Kansas will not foster organizations which depend for dividends on the amount of money they can steal from the Municipal treasury. Daniel Webster once said of a political platform that he saw nothing in it that was both new and valuable. "What is valuable is not new," he declared, "and what is new is not valuable." New York Herald. If Daniel Webster ever made that re mark he borrowed it from Oliver Gold smith, who wrote on the fly leaf of a book called "Elements of Criticism," up on which his opinion had been asked, "What is good in this book is not new, and what is new is not good." Globe Democrat. If wc mistake not this fossil statement has been on deck ever since the advent of "the Heavenly Maid," and besides we cant see why the verdant Daa 'wcmkl be reduced to copy from sack ceauftoaplace authority as Goldsmith, after the cele brated dispute as to the ownership of the 1 huagusge, between Socrates sad Bill Nye. HAWKS AND OWXS. Savants say They are Worth S25 Each Par Annum. Pennsylvania PaldfOOtOOO Bounty on I SO.OOO Hawks and Lost $4,000,000 by lt.-Hwk to Protect Plantations Prom the Rice Bird. The ornithological division of the depart ment of agriculture has been engaged for some time in an investigation of the ef fect of the law enacted in Pennsylvania in 1885 granting a bounty of fifty cents a head on all hawks, owls, weasles and minks killed within the limits of the state. The law was enacted for the alleged ben efit of the fanners of Pennsylvania, and from the time when it first went into ef fect until it was repealed a few weeks ago something like $90,000 had been paid out under it. The investigations of the department show that this sum is but a small fraction of the direct and indirect cost of the law of the state. It is found that there are about fifteen species of hawks and owls in the eastern states. Of these only three varieties ever feed upon poultry. Within the past six weeks the department has examined the contents of the stomachs of ninety birds killed in the neighborhood of Washing ton. In that of a hawk was found a por tion of the head of a domestic fowl, which might have been the offal thrown out of some farmer's kitchen. In the stomach of an owl a portion of a domestic pidgeon was discovered. These two were the only ones among the ninety in which there was any indication of a par tiality for poultry on the part of the part of the hawk and owl family. Nearly all of the other stomachs examined con tained from one to five field mice, as well as a great many insects which are natural ly very destructive to crops. scientists' estimate. Upon this showing the department esti mates that each hawk and owl is worth $25 per annum to the farmers of the coun ty. The estimate is based upon the as sumption that every field mouse not caught will damage crops to the amount of two cents a year. The scientific men of the department, who delight in figures, have come to the conclusion that if ev ery hawk and owl killed under the Penn sylvania county law had been allowed to live, the damage done by them would have amounted, under a very liberal esti mate, to about $,875 while the law was in operation. On the other side of the ac count book they charge up the $90,000 paid by the state in bounties and $20 as the value of each bird killed, and find that from the passage of the act to the date of its repeal the entire cost was $3, 857,130, besides the damage done in the way of increased production of the ver mine, because of the depletion in the ranks of their enemies. While the state of Pennsylvania has been trying to get rid of the hawks the general government has been busy de vising ways to make them more useful. Negotiations have been pending for some time between the chief ornithologist of the department of agriculture and a man who has had a great deal of experience as a trainer of falcons in Europe. These negotiations arc for the purpose of se curing the services of this man to train a number of hawks for use in the rice fields of South Carolina. The planters there are clamoring for some method of ridding their fields of rice birds, which play frightful havoc with their crops every year. It has been found that the pres ence of a living hawk in the air over the fields of rice will cause the immediate de parture of every bird in the vicinity. Guns, drums and other implements for creating a great noise are only partly successful. A stuffed hawk will do well enough for a day or two, but the depre dators soon learn that there is little to fear from a dead enemy. It is therefore proposed to try the effect of trained birds. It is the purpose of the department to be gin with a small number this year, and if the plan proves successful to the rice bird problem, it is likely that every rich planter in the south will be supplied in the near future with a flock of falcons. New York Sun. WHAT TREES CAN DO. The Sentinel is proud of Garden City, and it has reason to enjoy the pleasure. It says: The fine thrifty trees that line the streets of this city, giving it such a beau tiful and attractive appearance, causes almost as many of our eastern visitors to fall in love with Garden as the massive structures now building, and the citizens should take pride in preserving and as sisting the growth of these most beauti ful of ornaments that any city can have. It was only yesterday that a gentleman from the east remarked to us that what makes Garden the pride of the west is the beauty of her streets together with the fine business blocks. Many an eastern town would lose itself in a western town of one-third its size and wealth. The cause of this difference in the progressiveness of these towns is in the character of the citizens who inhabit them. There is nothing to be admired in the strict, mathematical, penny in change, no chance to lose, policy of the eastern economist This parsimony is partly in herited from their ancestry, and partly forced on them, by the close competition with which they are compelled to strug gle in that over crowded country, and when one of them comes out into the great, generous west he soon gets used to its ways, and finds that he must either keep up with the rush or else be run over and left behind in the original state of mediocrity from which he just immerged. The western man is not afraid to run the risk of losing something. He can not tolerate the narrow, contemptuous exact frugality of the New Englander, and the distinction can even be seen in the half dollar which he drops into the blind j .Ma1. lt SXOTT OX WESTEBX KANSAS. Prof. Frank H. Snow, of the State Uni versity of Lawrence, is the very best au thority in regard to the geological make up of these western Kansas plains, and confirms the views often expressed in ac counting for the peculiarities of our soil. He tells Mr. S. 8. Hand who sent him a petrified fish taken from the stone quar ries near Kendall, that when that fish lived and died the whole of Hamilton county, now 3,000 feet above sea level, was under the salt water ocean. "In fact," he says, "the ocean once covered the western portion of the United States. The Rocky mountains were not yet up heaved when your fish lived and died. It must have been five million of years ago." Now this confirms the view we I have been taking of the formation of our wonderful soil, which shows for itself that it was formed of a slow deposit of matter on the sea bottom long years ago and that accounts for the rich material found in it by the analysis, made at the Labratory of the State Univerrity last fall and published in the fifth biennial re port of the State Board of Agriculture. That analysis shows that our subsoil con tains 4J per cent of lime, three fourths of one per cent of soda, besides sundry other ingredients favorable to vegetable growth. It also accounts for the exceed ing fineness of texture of our soil, its per fect communition, trituration, or pulver ization. More than twenty years ago Prof. G. C. Swallow, then State Geolo gist of Kansas, as he had previously been of Missouri, informed the writer that he considered the soil of Kansas the best in the world so far as he had seen, or heard, or read, for the reason that the subsoil here was as good as, or better than the top soil, so that if the time should ever come when the surface or top soil should be worn out and exhausted, the owner would only need to get a subsoil plow and go deep enough to bring up the rich sub-soil to the surface when he would find his old farm as good as new if not better. Prof. Snow knows all about Western Kansas having spent his summer vaca tion for many years in hunting all over the plains particularly along the Smoky Hill valley for the fossil remains of for mer ages, where he found the remains of croccodiles, sharks and great monsters which now enrich the cabinets of the University, and for the better storage and display of which the state erected a hand some building on Mount Oread, which is named Snow Hill in well merited com memoration of Prof. Snow's services in the cause of natural science during the twenty years he has been a member of the faculty. Kansas is a new state but it has taken millions of years to form its wonderful soil which may now be had for almost nothing by the men who have the pluck, patience and perseverance to subdue and cultivate it KANSAS AND COLORADO COMPARED. Kansas Fanner. The director of the mint at Philadelph ia last week sent out an abstract of his report for the calender year 1886, from which it appears that Colorado holds the first rank among the states producing the precious metals. California ranks third now, Montana holding the second. The output of the Colorado mines for the year 1886 is stated at something over $20,000, 000, gold and silver. The total produc tion of the whole country for the same time was $86,000,000, of which $51,000, 000 was silver, and $35,000,000 gold. That gives to Colorado a little less than 25 per cent, the entire yield. Kansas, in 1886, produced 139,569,132 bushels of coin, and its value was $37, 966,031, an amount nearly twice as large as the total value of all the mines of Colorado, the richest mining state in the Union. In the same year, Kansas pro duced $55,000,000 worth of cattle, her hogs were worth $11,795,000, her horses $51,000,000. Take the last two years, '86 and '85. and Kansas raised corn worth $78,394, 258, the value of her animals slaughter ed and sold for slaughter was $59,491,225, her prairie hay was worth $19,738,734, the value of the increase in her live stock was $16,487,373, her oats crop was worth $15,418,907, her wheat crop (which was less than one-half the average of a dozen years) was worth $15,312,448, and her tame hay was worth $11,499,140. We have often said that a farm is bet ter than a mine worth more. The lead ing crop of Kansas corn, iB worth twice as much as the leading crop as Colorado gold and silver. There is no investment as good as that of a farm, and there is no better place to make the investment than in Kansas. IiITTIjE dailies. Within the last few weeks we have re ceived a number of new daily papers, bright little fellows who are deserving of long life and prosperity; but as such is out of the question, when all the sur roundings are soberly considered, it seems strange that experienced newspa per men should blindly enter into the lit tle daily business. Winfield now has three dailies, Wellington five, Kingman two, while Hutchinson has two or three and Newton about the same number. There is only one daily in each of the two last mentioned towns who receives the Associated Press dispatches. Cald well has a little weakly daily that should appear weekly, and Burlington has a couple that, typographically speaking, are little daisies. What means this craze for little dailies? They do the town no good, because the patronage demands that the papers be small and that they contain nothing but a little home news and some plate matter. They do not make the proprietor any money, and when the worry and work are taken into consideration, they are losing invest ments. It is a senseless craze, and the graves of little dailies that will mark the shores in the next year we hope will act as monuments to guide newspaper men of the future from the "dailjr" rock. Medkiae Lodge Cresset. - PKOF. STAR OF 35ETIELEIEEM SIGHTED. Lexjxgton, Ky., May 25. A report reaches here to-night from Hartford, Ky., that Prof. Klein, the astronomer, sighted the reappearance of the Star of Bethle hem Monday night. It is quite brilliant, and Is now in the northwestern heavens. The heavenly visitor makes its appear ance about every 300 years, and astrono mers everywhere have been looking for it for some time. . HISTORY OF THE STAR. On the evening of the 11th of Novem ber, 1572, the celebrated Danish astrono mer, Tycho Brahe. returning home from his labratory, chanced to cast his eyes heavenword to the starry vault and was astonished to observe a star near the ze nith in Cassiopeia, of a magnitude never before seen. This new star was without a tail, was not surrounded by nebulous light and was perfectly like all other fixed stars, with the exception that it scintillated more strongly than stars of the first magnitude. When first discov ered, its brightness was greater than that of Vega, Sirus or Jupiter, and was com parably only to that of Venus when she shines with her greatest splendor. Its brilliancy was, in fact, so great that those gifted with keen eyesight could perceive it in the daytime, and even at noon. In the following December it had diminished so much in luster that it resembled Jupi ter. By February, 1573, it had become reduced in brilliancy to an ordinary star of the first magnitude. By the following November, one year after its first appear ance, it was only of the fourth magni tude, and its light continued to fade until in March. 1564, after having been visible for seventeen months, it was no longer discernible to the naked eye. (This was thirtyseven years before the invention of the telescope.) In the year 945 and again in 1264 a brilliant star is recorded to have made its appearance suddenly between the constellations of Cepheus and Cas siopeia, near the place where the new star appeared in 1572. These thiee phe nomena were not unnaturally connected together even by Tycho Brahe and -his contemporaries, and were regarded as re appearances of the star. It was, further more, surmised that this star was no other than the star of the Magi, and this ques tion was warmly discussed while the star was yet shining. It is, possibly, a belief in this identity which led to the assign ment to the star of a period of 315 years. The actual intervals are 319 and 308 years which gives a mean period of 813J years. But if reconed back from 1572 by periods of 315 years brings it to the 3 B. C, which is nearly identical, according to revised chronology, with the year of Christ. THE DAILY NEWSPAPER. It is a Kansas craze. It goes along with all of the other booms. But yet, we have to learn of the sudden demises of these auxilliaries to the Kansas zepher. The Garden City Daily Sentinel has en dured poverty, and it is also competent to speak on the daily paper enterprise The Sentinel says: Some newspaper calls the attention of the fool-killer to the town of Wellington, in Sumner county, where it is said no less than seven daily papers are in existence and it is demanded that the said fool-killer slay on the spot no less than five ed itors and set an example that shall benefit all other towns in the state. We would like to remark that the fool-killer will reach that town all in good time. He al ways does and gives strict attention to such cases. Dog days will soon be here and this always increases the mortality among over crowded newspapers. In a speech at Abiline on suffrage Senator Ingalls makes one or two state ments that sound eccentric, tosay the least, but which he supports in a very plausible manner: "I have no hesitancy whatever in de claring that negro suffrage in this coun try has been an absolute and unqualified failure." "I am confident it would be a wise measure to prevent, by proper legislation all other immigration from any other country on this earth for the next twenty five years, and allow the great mass of people now here to assimilate and become blended and wedded together, to become schooled and educated in the political platform and our jury systems and our national institutions, and until we should have a great mass of homogeneous Amer ican citizens that would say to all na tions of the earth, this continent has been reserved for Americans, from the north pole down to the tropics." Great ap plause. "By the last census the state of Kan sas was credited with a population of 996,096. Now, when the populotionof Kansas to the square mile is equal to that of Ohio the state will have 6,000,000 : when its population is equal to that of Massachusetts per square mile, it will have twice that of Ohio, and we might go further and state that when Kansas has as many inhabitants according to her area as Fngland has, she will have a pop ulation of over 33,000,000. It cannot be long at the present ratio of increase be fore Kansas has a population as great as that of Ohio, and it is not difficult to figure the increase in the value of her lands, as the density of her popuation increases." Caldwell Journal. A wise and thoughtful man is usually found promptly in his place at meal time. It is one of the most discouraging things in the world, to a housewife who prides herself on good cooking, to have the head of the domestic circle, and the chief object of all the nice, delectable things that are placed upon the table, dilatory in connection with the family meal hours; and to be periodically absent from the dining room during the most important daily events of household economy, is like absolute persecution to her who takes such delight in presenting a will filled table to all the members of a fam ily. The State. Col. Ochiltree now says: "The more I know men the better I like dogs." TH K IT MEAN'S something . A very significant fact to the residents of Bucklin is, that the Chicago, Kansas & Nebraska railway officials have re served lor depot grounds and side tracks more right of way on the town site of Bucklin than on any other small town along the line in Southwest Kansas. The grounds are 2,000 feet long by 300 feet wide. One switch is 1,700 feet long, an other 1,200 feet long, making in all 2,900 feet of switching. No other place, west of Pratt, have they reserved so much ground for depot, switches, etc. This certainly means something and it seems to us that this is intended as the junction point for a branch of the Rock Island road running to Dodge City. The survey has been made to and from this place, and we understand the profile shows an easy grade to Dodge City. The enter prising citizens of that city are doing good work to secure this branch, and the citizens of this town should be willing to do all in their power to help build this line. Unity must be had if this is made go. Dodge is circulating a petition ask ing the Board of Commissioners to call an election to vote county aid to the en terprise. Now if Dodge City wants to and will do what is right she can have the hearty cooperation of this section. Bucklin (Ford county) Standard. At Fresno, Cal., large numbers of tur keys are raised annually, and some far mers raise large flocks which they send out on ranches as insect exterminators. An Indiana man set down on a keg of powder with a pipe in his mouth, and some superstitious people in the vicinity think they can see two men in the moon now Burlington Free Press. An exchange says: "Mary in the poem "Mary had a little lamb," is now 70 years old and still hale and hearty." The lamb, however, is dead. Wc ate a piece of it last week. Newman Independent. Noble Prentis will be the orator of the day at the commencement exercises of the Kansas university. The Topeka Capital predicts that Mr. Prentis effort will rank far above that of Secretary Bayard's on a similar occasion two years ago. "Drouthy Kansas" has become a by word in this locality of late. The rain has alwaj s been on hand just when need ed, in sufficient quantities to meet the de mands of the soil Garden City Sentinel. Piesident Cleveland has at last con sented to pay a visit to the west. In an swer to an invitation presented by a del egation of the leading citizens of St. Louis, he promised to visit that city at the time of the G. A. R. reunion held in September. "Our whole sjmpathy will go out for the next fellow caught by our citizens measuring plowed laud by lantern light, for the mirnosc of contesting it. It will be his last measurement in Stephens county. The people arc determined to put a stop to these thievish practices." Hugo Herald. The snsnension of the excursion rate on western railroads is over, and Kansas has good cause to rejoice. It might have been known beforehand that an un just and unwarranted interpretation of the inter-state commerce law which pre cludes all concessions to excursion par ties would not stand the test of summer passenger traffic. The 'Frisco opened the ball by making a half-fare rate to the Dunkards' convention at Ottawa, Kan sas, and the other roads readily followed its lead. The 'Frisco has now announced an excursion rate to all Kansas points, and an excursion war is imminent. The inevitable result will be to give an addi tional impetus to the great Kansas boom. In every community there must be some few men who will take the lead in all public enterprises or jrou would never have a town, nor be heard or known out side the village you live in. The leaders are misjudged. They are not men who want notoriety, or that want to be the head and shoulders of their neighbors. The love and patroitism they have for their town prompts them to be active cit izens alwajs willing to lend a helping hand and say our town shall and must be the banner city of the southwest. While on the other hand the dissatisfied one sits back, says nothing and does nothing for himself or any one else. When some thing is done to benefit and build up a town, he finds fault with the way it was done, and in a pompous manner tells how it ought to have been done. The fact that for a long term of years the annual amount of rainfall in this dis trict is found to be less than in the coun try east of the missouri river is calculated to deceive until wc take into considera tion the seasons when the rainfall is great est in these two sections. It would be ascertained by examining the meteorolo gical records of the district east of the Missouri river that a large part of the rain aud melted snow that goes to make up the large total amount, falls in an tumn, winter and early spring, when no crops are growing and consequently at a season when rain is of little or no value, often at times when it is a positive in jury by retarding work on the farm and otherwise embarrassing the plans of the farmer. When we examine the meterological record of the districts of country from thr Missouri river west to the Rocky mountains we find more desirable climatic conditions, nearly the entire rainfall be ing distributed in showers during the months of April, May, June, July, Angus and September; the remainder of the year being subject to but little rain or snow. Probably no part of the United States can boast of a greater number of fine days during the year than the region known as the "great plains," and eastern people are rapidly learning of the desir able climatic conditions prevailing in this country, the great productiveness of the soil aud splendid business opportunities offered, and are locating here in great numbers. From present indications this portion of the United States will have a dense population within the next few years.-rG. C. Democrat. EAJKLT USE OF NATURAL GAS- The recent discovery of natural gas, and the practical uses to which it is be ing put in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky, are awakening a keen interest in scientific circles here, and the reports from those competent to report upon the subject are looked for with a great deal of interest. The subject is now being carefully studied by experts, and before many months the Geological Survey expects to have some new and valuable information upon the subject. What will be the extent, duration and practical value of the gas producing field is a subject of great interest. And it may as well be admitted, it is a subject about which the geologists and scientific people generally know very little as yet. Where it comes from, where and how it was formed, whether its production is yet going down in natures great labratory, how long it is going to last, under what parts of the country and the. surface of the earth generally it is found, all are subjects of great uncertainty and grave concern. It is a curious fact, too, that in the very sections and cities where natural gas is to-day so abundant and creating so much excitement its existence has been known for many years and been utilized in a quiet way for a decade, or quarter of a century, or even longer. In Fiudley, Ohio, natural gas has been known to exist ever since its settlement, and was met with in digging wells and cellars, and found in springs and rock crevices. In 1638, almost a full half century ago, it was utilized in a small way for light ing a residence or two in the village, and has boen utilized ever since. In 1821 a well was sunk to the depth of twenty-seven feet, for the pnrpose of gathering some of this escaping gas, and it was utilized with iron pipes with small holes at the side for its escape. Probably the first reported discovery of natural gas was in the Kanawha valley, where it is just now, a century latter, being rediscovered. The earliest ex plorers of the Kanawha valley found "marsh gas, " the modern natural gas, issuing from springs, and it is related that Washingnon in locating land deed ed to him for military services found a "burning spring," he proposed to deed for public uses, but which, through some inforinalty, was never completed. In Illinois, where the gas excitement has blazed up so vigorously of late, there has been gas wells for over thirty years the first having been utilized as early as 1855. Ex. Though the Morton county farmer is free fiom the insects that destroy crops he has a most active enemy in the ground squinels that abound there. Commis sioner Pack had to replant 40 acres that had been taken by them, and many other fanners have had a like experience on a smaller scale The squirrels find almost every hill where the corn was put in with a planter. It is now proposed by far mers that an effort to get rid of these pests be made immediately by all who are troubled with them. Mr. Pack soak ed corn in water poisoned in strychnine and scatttcrcd it over his farm. Next day he found 20 dead squirrels. Others are employing the same remedy with tel ling effect. Every farmer who is plagued should apply it, as in this way the squir rel would soon disappear. Richfield Republican. Kinsley has a minister who hold servi ces upon the street every Sunday morn ing, conducted in the usual in-door man ner. His audience, however, consists of traveling men, and others who seldom visit any church, and yet they pay strict attention to his preaching, singing and praying. Although this may appear a novel way in this day and age and in a country in which are planted many houses of worship, yet it is a privilege extended to all, and this man is certainly commended for his displayed zeal in the cause. Graphic. A KANSAS GEM. One of the most beautiful things ever said about Kansas was written by Senator John J. Ingalls fifteen years ago, when it was neither so popular nor so easy to eulogize the State as it is now. All the magnificent progress and prospesity of later years have not inspired the production of its equal. The paragraph has recently been brought out and started on the rounds of the press it a mutilated and imperfect form. It is hereby given correctly, as copied in a note-book by one of the editors of the Herald upon the first reading of the original in the first number of the Kan sas Magazine issued, January, 1872. The pronoun in the first sentence refers to Albert D. Richardson, author of "Beyond the Mississippi, "who came to Kansas in June, 1857, to stay a few months, but remained ten years. He was afterwards shot and killed in New York, November 25th, 18G9. While in Kansas Richardson was an intimate friend of Mr. Ingalls, and he was made the subject of an able article by the latter, in which occurs this grateful tribute to Kansas: Kansas exercised the same fascina tion over him that she does over all who have ever yielded to her spell. There are some women whom to have once loved renders it impossible ever to love again. As the "gray and melan choly main" to the sailor, the desert to the Beduoin, the Alps to the moun taineer, so is Kansas to all her child ren. No one ever felt any enthusiasm about Wisconsin, or Indiana, or Mich igan. The idea is preposterous. It is impossible. They are great prosperous communities, but their inhabitants can remove and never desire to return. They hunger for the horizon. They make new homes without the maladie du pays. But no genuine Kansan can emigrate. He may wander. He may roam. He may travel. He may go elsewhere, but no other State can ever claim him as a citizen. Once natural ized the allegiance can never be for sworn. Ex-vice President Wheeler Jias been very sick for nearly eight weeks, and I is now in a cntical condition atJ ms home ia Makme, N. Y. T v Av m . - :44 - -fX'S'"C? , r I- ii If? .1 v r e , . -. 2S&E .