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The Globe-republican. (Dodge City, Kan.) 1889-1910, July 30, 1908, Image 2

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The Globe-Republican
Globs-Republlcan Ptg. Co., Pub.
, The Tuberculosis Congress.
Few things which mark the modern
progress of civilization have advanced
so rapidly as knowledge of the nature
and curability of tuberculosis. The
decision of physicians that the disease
is not hereditary has lifted a burden
of dread from thousands of hearts, and
the success of methods of treatment in
tho early stages of the disease has
brought hope to thousands of others.
But far more Important than this has
been, and will be, the work of bringing
about an understanding of the dangers
of the disease and impressing the ne
cessity of precautions. From Septem
ber 21 to October 12 the United States
will be the host of the international
congress on tuberculosis, which is to
meet in Washington. Mr. Roosevelt
has lately accepted the presidency of
the congress. The occasion will un
doubtedly be the most important event
that has yet occurred in the fight
against the dread disease. The con
vention will bring together the most
noted experts of the world, and meth
ods of treatment and prevention which
have shown the best results will be
illustrated. It will be as interesting
to the layman as to the physician, for
in the stamping out of consumption
muci of the work will have to be done
by laymen officers of state and city
governments, the police, boards of
health and private citizens. It Is to be
hoped, says the Youth's Companion,
that the congress will also do some
thing to allay the groundless fear
which many persons have of anyone
known to be suffering from tubercu
losisan attitude which frequently
renders it impossible to secure the
most desirable sites for treatment
camps or hospitals, and often results
in grave injustice, if not actual cruel
ty, to the individual. If due precau
tion is observed, isolation is in no way
necessary. This, indeed, is the chief
lesson which those most familiar with
the matter are trying to Impress.
Freight shipped to merchants east
of the Mississippi must be plainly
marked with the name and address of
the consignee hereafter, according to a
recent decision of the railroad compa
nies. It has been the practice of manu
facturers to mark the 'goods wiih a
hieroglyphic, partly to save time in
shipments, and partly to prevent spies
from competitors learning who their
customers are. This practice has made
It difficult for the railroad companies
to deliver the goods. One company Is
said to have lost fifteen hundred thou
sand dollars in the last ten' years, be
cause It has had to reimburse shippers
for goods lost on the road. Goods in
car-load lots may go marked in cipher
as heretofore, as it is not difficult to
deliver a car at the point to which it Is
Another national park Is likely to be
added to the domains of the United
States at the next session of congress.
The senate committee on public lands
has reported in favor of taking the
wild and beautiful glacier region of
the continental divide in Montana a
tract comprising nearly a million
acres. The region contains numerous
peaks from 6,000 to 10,000 feet in
height, and about 60 glaciers. The
large number of big game animals,
such as Rocky mountain white goats,
bighorn, grizzly, deer, elk and moose,
suggests the value of reserving the
tract as a breeding-ground for the sur
rounding region. The name proposed
is the Glacier National park.
Corn Is getting to be one of the
great products of the world, although
the United States has the first call.
The uses to which corn may be put
are rapidly increasing In number. Mak
ing glucose from the grain is the foun
dation of an important industry, and
a New York conern, finding the Amer
ican supply petering out, is importing
stock from Argentina. But there is
promise of a bumper yield in our corn
states next fall, and the foreign article
is merely a stop-gap. The mills will
run at a still livelier raje when the
home supply comes to market.
Mr. Flagler's retirement from
Standard Oil, on account of his ad
vanced years, would seem to be par
donable, though he is not thereby
wholly freed from carklng cares. A
man who is almost an octogenarian,
and who has got several hundreds of
millions of dollars on his hands, has
need to be anxious lest he may die
Count Tolstoi is fortunate if he as
pires to have his books become best
sellers. The Russian censor has just
ordered three of them suppressed.
How some American writers who want
circulation must wish their writings
could be suppressed.
A woman lecturer in Boston sneers
at men for wearing starched collars.
She is unreasonable. Lota of collars
. are only starched when thy come
from the laundry, not after they art
oo awhile.
Scotch Aeroplane Inventor to Make a
Series of Flights.
New York, July 28. That the future
of the aeroplane as a safe means of
conveyance is practically assured was
the confident declaration made by
Henry Farman, the aeroplane inventor
and navigator who arrived here Sun
day on board the La Touraine from
Europe for a series of flights in his
now famous flying machine at
Brighton Beach, Farman was wel
comed down the bay by a reception
committee of the Aero club of Ameri
ca. After two weeks in this city it Is
expected that ' Farman will make
flights in Philadelphia, Chicago, Bos
ton, Pittsburg and St. Louis.
Mr. Farman spoke freely of his
plans and work and when asked what
he contemplated attempting next,
"To do new things. We are all the
time moving like birds. You can not
explain these minuto details for they
are of such an Infinite variety. We
are always changing more or less.
Every day brings something new and
I shall try something new right along,
"Among the other difficulties to be
met with in aeroplane flight Is the
presence of trees, houses and high
structures which divert the wind from
its true course."
"Has the aeroplane a future so far
as a practicability is concerned?" he
was asked.
"Yes," replied Farman, "It will have
a future to a very great extent. I
think the aeroplane will be safer than
the automobile or other methods of
conveyance. It ""W ill be so easy and so
quick. My greatest pause in flight has
been ten seconds, starting on an as
cending wind. The birds in their flight
have a special instinct which we will
never havo, but we can improve our
methods by using some of the methods
of the bird.
Makes His Notification Speech at
Cincinnati, While City Is in Gala
Attire to Receive Him as a Con
quering Hero Text of
His Speech.
Democratic Candidate Spends a Quiet
Chicago, July 28. William J. Bryan
spent tho greater part of Sunday
quietly in his rooms in the Auditorium
annex, where throughout the day he
received a number of visitors, chief
among whom was Frank II. Hitch
cock, chairman of the Republican na
tional committee who called to pay
his respects to the Democratic leader.
The two men spent some time in a
pleasant conversation which was ap
parently enjoyed by them boUi. roll
lies was not mentioned during their
Mr. Bryan announced Sunday night
that on some day next week lie will
announce the dates on which he in
tends making addresses during the
next two months. He left at 10:30
o'clock Sunday night for Omaha
where he will be Monday as the guest
of the Ak Sar Ben club at a banquet.
He will also be initiated into the
society as a member.
Although William R. Hearst of New
York arrived during the day and his
room in the hotel was not far from
that of Mr. Bryan, neither of the men
paid the slightest attention to the
other. They did not meet during the
day and no messages were exchanged.
It was announced that John R. Bur
ton of New York will act as assistant
secretary of the national committee
throughout the campaign. Willis J.
Abbott was appointed head of the
press bureau which will work in con
nection with the advisory bureau
which is under the direction of Henry
After Friend's Body.
Kansas City, July 28. The Rev.
William J. Dalton, pastor of the
Church of the Annunciation, and Bish
op Thomas Bonacum of Lincoln, Neb.,
will go to Munich, Vavaria, next week
to bring back the body of the Rev.
William Wheeler, formerly a St. Louis
priest, who died in Munich, 29 years
To Welcome Victorious Riflemen.
New York, July 28. Experts and
enthusiasts in marksmanship are
planning a royal welcome to Gen.
James A. Drain, president of the Na
tional Rifle Association of America,
and the sharpshooters who won the
world's championship at the Olympic
contests in London lately.
German Car Reaches Paris.
Paris, July 28 Tho German auto
mobile in the New York-to-Paris race
arrived here Sunday evening and was
greeted with loud cheers by the Sun
day promenaders as it swept up the
crowded boulevards to the finish post,
and escorted by a large number of
American Car Will Win.
Paris, July 28 It is announced as
practically certain that the American
car in the New York-to-Paris race
will be adjudged the winner owing to
the non-compliance of the German
competitors with certain conditions
governing the race.
California Flood Does Damage.
Antloche, Cal., July 28. Early Sun
day morning 200 feet of the San Joa
quim river levee gave way and Jersey
Island, comprising 4,000 acres, includ
ing 300 acres of celery, was flooded.
The property loss is estimated at five
million dollars.
Three Hundred Houses Burned.
Kovno, Russia, July 28. A Are at
Telshl, the county seat, destroyed 300
houses Sunday, including the public
buildings, the army barracks and the
synagogues. Twenty persons perished
rinclnnntl, O.-CnnclldHtc William How
ard Tuft, bt'iirlnn the baiincru (if the Ite
piililiran purtv hh its choice for presi
dent of t!ic United States, struck cam
pniisn kevnotes nf many tones when lie
formntly accepted the presidential nom
ination and replied to Senator Warner.
This citv was In gala attire and took
a holiday upon Taft'F arrival In town.
CimiR boomed, fireworks cracked every
where, and In ge neral the Beetle was that
of welcoming home the conquering hero.
The feature of the entire celebration,
however, was the nollllcatlon which took
place during a lull In the activities of tho
citizens. The occasion wus an auspicious
AVIien Senator Warner had finished his
address, Mr. Taft arose from his chair
at the speaker's table and addressed the
assembled members of the notification
committee. lie spoke of curbing the
trusts, without oppressing good corpora
tions. He declared that the rates of the
railroads of this country were reason
ably low. Moderation was his whole
theme and lie proposed to restore con
fidence. But the big feature of the speech was
Ills declaration for Koosevcltlan policies,
which he said he would follow out to the
letter, the foundations having been laid
In them for rightful administration. He
took a few shots at the Democratic plut
fnrm, also.
Mr. Taft spoke as follows:
Si nntor Warner and Gentlemen of the
"I am deeply sensible of the honor
which the Republican mtionul conven
tion h.-'s conferred on me In the nomina
tion which vou formally tender. 1 accept
It with full appreciation of the responsi
bility it imposes.
Strength in Roosevelt Policies.
"Gentlemen, the strength of the Repub
lican cause In the campaign at hand is in
i the fact that we n juvsoni policies cssen-
ti.il to the reform of known abuses to Ha
enntiitumc f liberty and true prosper
ity ami that we are d i. mills' 1. as cur
phitfoiin iinc(uivociiHy .I.tIhivh. to main
lain Hani and iany il.in en. For more
limn ten years this cnun:ry p.i:-.e.l
tlin.-.pli an epoch of m.;'o rial ilcy,-l..p-tncni
far bevond any that ever occurred
in the world l fore. In its course, o r
tain evils crept in. Sum- prominent and
lndnciiii.il ue moor of the eoinuiuniiy,
'.purred by flmtn -iitl !!'. w and in their
l.,srrv for mvator wc.:P!.. became un
mindful of I he common rules of business
honesty and tidelity. and of tin- limitation-;
imposed in- law upon their action.
"Tills became known. The revelations
of the breaches of trust, the ilir.olnsuros
as to rebates mid dn-i lamination by rail
wavs. t'ne accumulating evidence of the
violation of the anti-trust law by a runn
ier of corporations, the over-issue of
slocks and bonds on interstate railways
for the unlawful enriching of directors
and for the purpose of concenirnting con
trol of railways in one management,
all quickened tin conscience of the pen
pie, and brought on a moral awakening
! mining them that bodid well for tne iu
! ture of the country.
What Roosevelt Has Done.
"The man who formulated the c-xpres- '
slon of the popular conscience and who
led the movement for practical reform
was Theodore Roosevelt. He laid down
the doctrine that the rich violators of Un
law should be amenable to restrain and
punish ns the offender without wealth,
and without Influence, and lie proceeded
by recommending legislation and direct
ing executive action to mako t hut prin
ciple good In actual performance. He
secured the passage of the so-called rate
bill, designed more effectively to restrain
excessive and fix reasonable rates, and
to punish secret rebates and discrimina
tion which have been general In the prac
tice of the railroads, and which had done
much to enable unlawful trusts to drive
out of business their competitors. It se
cured much closer obsi rvation of rail
way transactions and brought within
tin-' operation of the same statute express
companies, sleeping car companies, fast
freight and refrigerator lines, terminal
railroads and pipe lines, and forbade in
future the combination of the transpor
tation and shipping business under one
control, in order to avoid undue discrim
ination. "1'rosfdont Roosevelt directed suits to he
brought and prosecutions to be instituted
I tinder the anti-trust lir.v. to enforce its
! provisions against the most powerful of
the industrial corporations. He pressed
to passage the pure food law. and the
'. meat inspection law. in the Interest of
the health of the put, lie, clean iuisin-ss
methods and great lil'lmate In nefu to the
trades themselves, lie recommended the
passage of a law, wh'eli the Republican
convention has since s.iieelfieallv ap
proved, restricting the future Issue of
stocks and bonds by Interstate rail
ways, to sin h as may be authorized by
federal authority.
Function of Next Administration.
"The chief function of the next ad
ministration In my judgment In dislinot
from and a progressive development
which has been perform! d by President
"The chief function of the next admin
istration is to complete and perfect the
Bl.-ieblnerv bv which them- standards may
be maintained by which the law breakers
rnav be promptly restrained and pun
ished, but which shall operate Willi suf
ficient accuracy and dispatch to interfere
Willi legitimate business as little as pos
sible. Such machinery Is not now ade
quate, t'nder the tin-sent rate bill, mid
tinder all its amendments, the bunion of
le." Interstate commerce commission- In
supervising and regulating the operation
of the railroads of tbi:i country hun
grown so heavy that It. is ultorly impns
fsib'e for that tribunal to hear and dis
pose, in any reasonable time, of the many
complaint)-,,' (lurries and Issues that are
brought before it for decision. It ought
to he relieved of Its Jurisdiction as nn
executive, directing body, and its func
tions should be limited to the quasi-judicial
Investigation of complaints by in
dividuals, and by a department of the
government charged with the executive
business of supervising the operation of
Constructive Work Detailed.
"The field covered by the industrial
combinations and by the railroads Is so
very extensive that the Interests of the
public and the Interests of the businesses
concerned cannot be properly subserved
except by reorganization of bureaus In
the department 01 rommcrcH aim laoor,
of agriculture, and the department of jus
tice, and a change In the Jurisdiction of
the Interstate commerce commission. It
does not assist matters to prescribe new
duties for the interstate commerce com
mission which it Is practically Impossible
for it to perform, or to denounce new of
fenses with drastic punishment, unless
subordinate an auxiliary legislation
shall be passed, making possible the
quick enforcement in the great variety of
cases which are constantly arising, of
the principles laid down by Mr. Roose
velt, and with respect to which only typi
cal Instances of prosecution with the
? resent machinery are possible. Such
eglslatlon should and would greatly
promote legitimate business by enabling
those anxious to obey the federal stat
utes to know Just what are the bonds
f tMr Intvful action. The practical con-
structlve and difficult work, therefore, of
' those Who follow Mr. Boosevelt, Is to de
vise the ways and means by which the
high level of business Integrity and obe
dience to law which he has established
may be maintained, and departures from
It restrained without undue Interference
with legitimate business.
Railway Traffic Agreements.
"It is agreeable to note In this regard
that the Republican platform expressly
and the Democratic platform Impliedly
approve an amendment to the Interstate
commerce law, by which Interstate rail
roads may make useful traffic agree
ments, if approved by the commissions.
Tills has .been strongly recommended by
President Roosevelt, and will make for
the benefit of the business.
"Some of the suggestions of the Demo
cratic platform relate really to this
subordinate and ancillary machinery to
which I have referred. Take for In
stance, the so-called physical valuation
of railways. It is clear that the sum of
all rates or receipts of a railway, less
proper expenses, should be limited to a
fair profit upon the reasonable value of
Its property, and that If the sum exceeds
this measure, It ought to be reduced. The
dlttlcuity In enforcing the principle Is In
ascertaining what is the reasonable value
of the company's property, and in fixing
what Is a fair profit. It is clear that the
physical value of a railroad and Its plant
is an clement to be given weight In de
termining its full value; but as Presi
dent Roosevelt In his Indianapolis
speech and the supreme court have point
ed out, the value of the railroad as a go
ing concern. Including its good will, due
to efficiency of service, and many other
circumstances, may be much greater
than the value of lis tangible property
and it Is tlie former that measures the
investment on which a fair profit must
be allowed. Then. too. t lie ques
tion what Is a fair profit Is one
Involving not only the rale of Interest
usually earned on hnrninily safe Invest
ments,' but also a sufiieieiit allowance to
make up for the risk of loss both of cap
ital and interest in the original outlay.
Those considerations will have justilicd
I lie company in imposing charges high
enoueh to secure a fair income on the
cub rprise as a whole.
What Roosevelt Said.
"As V..: Roosevelt has paid in speak
ing of tills very subject:
" 'The i ffect of such valuation and su
pervision of securities cannot be retro
active. Kxisting securities should be
tested by laws in existence at the time
of tip-It- Issue. This nation would no
more injure seeiiritiiM which have be
come an important part of the national
wealth than iL would consider a propo
sition to repudiate the national debt.'
I lie question of rales and treat
ment of railways is one that has two
sides. The shippers are certainly en
titled to reasonable rates: but less is
an iniustice to tho carriers. Good
business for the railroads is essential
to general prosperity. Injustice to
them is not alone injustice to stock
holders and capitalists, whose further
investments may lie necessary for the
good of the whole country, but It di
rectly affects and reduces the wages
of railroad employes.
"r'or what has been said, the proper
conclusion would seem to be that In
attempting to determine that whether
the entire schedule of rates of a rail
way is excessive, the physical valua
tion of the road is a relevant and im
portant but not necessarily a control
ling factor. Physical valuation proper
ly used will not generally impair se
curities. Rates Are Low, He Says.
"In some cases, doubtless. It will be
found that overcapitalization is made
an excuse for excessive rates, and then
they should be reduced, but the con
sensus of opinion seeins to be that the
railroad rates generally In this coun
try are reasonably low. This is why
doubtless the complaints filed with the
Interstate commerce commission,,
agauist excessive rates are so few as
compared with those against unlawful
discrimination in rates between shippers
and between places, (tf course In the de
termination of the qmslion whether dis
crimination Is unlawful or not, the phys
ical valuation of the whole road is of lit
tle weight.
"I have discussed with some degree
of detail merely to point out that the
valuation by the intirsti.te commerce
commission of tho tangible property ot
a railroad is proper and may from
time to time be necessary In settling
certain of the Issues which may come
before them and that no evil or in
iustice can come from valuation In
such cases, if It be understood that the
result is to be used for a just pur
pose, and tho right to a fair profit un
d( r all circumstances of the Invest
ment Is recognized. The interstate com
merce commission has now the power
to ascertain the value of the physical
railroad property If necessary In de
termining the reasonableness of rates.
National Control of Corporations.
"Another suggestion In respect to
subordinate and ancillary machinery
neeess.arv to carry out Republican poli
cies is that of the incorporation under
national law or tho licensing by na
tional license or enforced registry of
companies engaged In Interstate traoe.
The fact Is that nearly all corporations
doing a commercial business are en
gaged In interstate commerce, and if
they all were required to take out a
federal license or a federal charter,
the burden upon the interstate busi
ness of the country would become In
tolerable. "It Is necessary, therefore, to de
vise Home means for classifying and
insuring federal supervision of such
corporations as have the power and
temptation to effect restraints of In
terstate trade and monopolies. Such
corporations constitute n very small
percentage of all engaged in Inter
state business.
Roosevelt's Proposed Classification.
"With such clasiflcatlon In view, Mr.
Roosevelt recommended an amendment
In the anti-trust law, known as -the
Hepburn bill, which provided for vol
untary clasiflcatlon. and created a
strong motive therefore by grunting
Immunity from prosecutions for rea
sonable restrictions of Inter-state
trade to all corporations which would
register arid submit themselves to the
mihlieitv regulation of the depart
ment of commerce and labor.
"Tho Democratic platform suggests
a requirement that corporations and
Interstate trade having control of 25
per cent, of the products In which they
deal shall take out a federal license.
This classification would probably In
clude a great many small corpora
tions engaged In the manufacture of
special articles or commodities whose
total value is so Inconsiderable that
they are not really within the per
vlew or real evil of the anti-trust law.
It is not now necessary, however, to
discuss the relative merit of such prop
ositions, but It Is enough merely to af
firm the necessity for some method by
which greater executive supervision
can be given to the federal government
over these businesses In which there Is
a temptation to violations of the anti
trust (aw.
Construction of Anti-Trust Law.
"The possible operation of the anti
trust law under existing rulings of tho
supreme court has given rise to sugges
tion for its necessary amendment to
prevent Its applications to cases which
it Is believed were never In the contem
plation of the framera of the statute.
Take two instances: A merchant or man
ufacturer engaged In a legitimate buslf
ness that covers certain states, wishes
to sell Ids business and his good will,
and so in the terms of the sale obligates
himself to the purchaser not to go Into
tho same business in those states. Such
a restraint of trade has always been en
forced at common law. Again the em
ployes of an Interstate railway combine
ami enter upon a peaceable and lawful
strike to secure better wages. At com
mon law this was not a restraint of trade
or commerce or a violation of tho rights
of the company or of tho public. Neither
case ougtit to be made a violation of the
anti-trust law. My own impression Is
that the supreme court would hold that
neither of these Instances are within
Its Inhibition, but If they are to be so
regarded, general legislation amending
the law Is necessary,
Democratic Plank Discussed.
"The suggestion of the Democratic,
platform that trusts be ended by for
bidding corporations to hold more than
r,u per cent, of the plant In any line of
manufacture Is made without regard to
the possibility of enforcement or the
real evil in trusts. A corporation con
trolling 4.1 or all per cent, of the products
may by well known methods frequently
effect monopoly and stamp out compe
tition In any part of the country as com
pletely as if It controlled 60 or 70 per cent,
Proper Treatment of Trusts.
"Unlawful trusts should be re
strained with all the elilciency of In
junctive process and the persons en
gaged In maintaining thorn should be
punished witli all the severity of crim
inal prosecution, In order that methods
pursued In the operation of their busi
ness shall be brought within tho law.
To destroy them and to eliminate the
wealth they represent from the pro
ducing capital of the country would
entail enormous loss, and would throw
out of employment myriads of work
lngmen. Such a result Is wholly un
necessary to the accomplishment of the
needed reform, and will Inflict upon the
Innocent far greater punishment than
upon the guilty.
"The Democratic platform does not
propose to destroy the plan of the trust
physically, but It proposes to do the
same thing In a different way. The
business of this country Is largely de
pendent upon a protective system of
tariffs. The business done by many of
the so-called trusts Is protected with
the other businesses of the country.
The Democratic platform proposes to
take off the tariff in all articles com
ing Into competition with those pro
duced by the so-called 'trusts' and to
put them on the free list. If such a
course would be utterly destructive of
their business as it is, indeed, it would
not only destroy the trusts, but all of
their smaller competitors.
Effect of Democratic Policies.
"To take the course suggested by
the Democratic platform In these mat
ters is to Invoke the entire commu
nity, innocent as It is, in the punish
ment of the guilty, while our policy
is to slump out the specific evil.
"This difference between the policies
of the two great parties Is ot special
importance, in view of the present con
dition of business. After the years of
Hie most remarkable material develop
ment and prosperity, there comes finan
cial Mt'inconcy. a panic, an industrial
depresMon. This was brought about
not only by the i normoiis expansion
oi business plant.-: nod business investment.-!
which could not be readily con
cern d, but also by tin- waste of cap
ital in extravagance i f living, in wars,
and oilier catastrophes, The free
convertible capital was exhausted. Ill
addition to this, the confidence of the
lending public In Knrope and in this
country had been a fl eeted by the rev
elations of Irregularity, breach of
trust, over issue of stock, valuations of
law and lack of rigid state or na
tional supervision in management of
our largest corporations. Investors
"withheld what loanable capital re
mained available, it became Impossible
for the soundest railroads and other
enterprises to borrow money enough
for new construction and reconstruc
tion. Restoration of Prosperity.
"Gradually business Is acquiring a
healthier tone. Gradually wealth,
which was hoarded, is coming out to
be used. Gonlidence In security of bimi-
l..i,..im,.t.tu lu u rihmt of ulnw
growth and Is absolutely necessary In
Older lliai mil l.nnoien inaj nil u'cn
again. In order that our unemployed
may become employed, and In order
that we may again have the prosperity
that has blessed us for ten years. The
Identity of the interest of the capital
of the farmer, the business man and
the wage earner in the security and
profit of Investments cannot be too
largely emphasized. I submit to
iniorLch,! in wiiD-it rmrnprs.
to farmers and to business men. wheth
er the introduction into power in im
Doomcratic party, with Mr. Bryan at
i... ..n.l i.flth lha liiiulnnHU f-nn-
structioii that it openly advocates as
..... .... & ...ii in i. i , ..
a remedy ior presein rum, win uoni,
about the needed confidence for the
restoration of prosperity.
"The Republican doctrine of protec
tion, as definitely announced by the
Republican convention this year, and
by previous conventions, is that u tariff
shall be Imposed on all Imported prod
ucts, whether of the factory, farm or
i iio.t ... , 1 irrcul In ..mini the
jniiie, nuiii'niii,.' pi.-- - i
difference between the cost of produc-
. . 1 I .. V. .... n n.l t l.o ll.lu
lion atiroau iiou hl iiuum-. nuu
difference should, of course, Include the
difference between the higher wages
paid In this country, and the wages
paid abroad, and embrace a reasonable
profit to the American production.
Advantage of Unions.
"To give to employes their proper po
sition in such a controversy to enable
.1 ... ,AlnlQ!,i tlininMelves fiirainst
meiii lu inoiiiiuiii
employers having great capital, they may
well uniie, neeause 111 uimum '-"
strength and without it each Individual
laborer and employe would be helpless.
Tne promotion of Industrial peace
through the instrumentality of the trade
a-reemcnt is often one of tho results of
such union when intelligently conducted.
"There is a large body of laborers,
however, skilled and unskilled, who are
not organized into unions. Their rights
before the law are exactly the same as
tiiose of the union men, and are to bo
protected with the same care and watch
fulness. , , , , ,
"In order to Induce their employer Into
a compliance with their request for
changed terms of employment workmen
have the right to strike In a body. They
iiave u right to use such persuasion as
thev may, provided It does not reach
the" point ot duress, to lead their reluc
tant co-laborers to Join them in their
union against their employer and they
have a right, If they choose, to accumu
late funds to support those engaged In
a strike, to delegate to officers the pow
er to direct the action of the union, and
to withdraw themselves and their as
sociates from dealings with, or giving
custom to, those with whom they are
in controversy.
What Labor Cannot Do.
"What thev have not the right to do
is to Injure their employers' property, to
Inlure their employers' business by use
of' threats or methods of physical duress
against those who would work for him
or deal with him or. by carrying on what
is sometimes known as a secondary boy
cott ugalnst his customers or those with
whom he deals in business. All those
who sympathize with them may unite
to aid them In their struggle, but they
may not, through the Instrumentality of
a threatened or actual boycott, compel
third persons against their will and hay
ing no Interest In their controversy to
come to their assistance. Theso princi
ples have for a great many years been
settled by the courts of this country.
"Threatened unlawful Injuries to busi
ness, like these described above, can only
be adequately remedied by an injunction
to prevent them. The Jurisdiction of a
court of equity to enjoin in such cases
arises from the character or the injury
and the method of Inflicting it and the
fact that suit for damages offera no ade
quate remedy. ... , ,
"Tho Injury is not done by one single
act which might be adequately compen
sated for in damages by a suit at law,
but It Is the result of a constant y re
curring series of acts, each of which In
Itself might not constitute a substantial
Injury or make a auit at law worth
while, and all of which would require
multiplicity of stilts at law."
Tortured by Sharp Twinges, 8hootlng
Pains and Dizziness.
Hiram Center, 618 South Oak
street, Lake City, Minn., says: "I
was bo bad with kid
ney trouble that I
could not straighten
up after stooping
without sharp paina
shooting through my
back. I had dizzy
spells, was nervous
and my eyesight af
lected. The kidney
secretions were Ir
regular and too fre
quent, I was in a terrible condition,
but Doan's Kidney Pills have cured
me and I have enjoyed perfect health
Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a bos.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Woman Wins Scholastic Honor.
Miss Stella Schaffer delivered the
yaledictory address for the graduating
class of the Eclectic Medical college ot
the city of New York at the recent
commencement exercises. It is the
first time in more than ten years thai
such an honor has fallen to a woman.
Miss Schaffer was also the winner ol'
the electro-therapeutic prize.
Your Druggist Will Tell You
That Murine Eye Ilomedy Cures Eyes,
Makes Weak Eyes Strong. Doesn't Smart
Soothes Eye Pain and Sells for 50c.
There is at least one woman in the
world for every man in the world to
think the world of.
Use Red Cross Ball Blue. It makes clothes
clean and sweet as when new. All grocers.
A two-faced woman is more danger
ous than a bare-faced lie.
Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup.
For children teothlng, ften, the K'. J"'1"" "
flunnmtlon, allay, pula, curei wlod collu. iftc buttle.
The right kind of a doctor leaves
well enough alone.
If there is any one thinp; that a
woman dreads more than another it
is a surgical operation.
Wo can state without fear of a
contradiction that there are. hun
dreds, yes, thousands, of operations
performed upon women in our hos
pitals which are entirely unneces
sary and many have been avoided by
For proof of this statement read
the following letters.
Mrs. Barbara Base, of Kingman,
Kansas, writes to Mrs. 1'inkham:
" For eight years I suffered from the
most severe form of female troubles and
was told that an operation was my only
hope of recovery. I wrote Mrs. Pinkharo
for advice, and took Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, and it has saved
my life and made me a well woman."
Mrs. Arthur R. House, of Church
Road, Moorcstown. N. J., writes :
"I feel it is my duty to let people
know what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound has done for me. I
Buffered from female troubles, and last
March my physician decided that an
operation was necessary. My husband
objected, and urged me to try Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetablo Compound,
and to-day I am well and strong."
For thirty years Lydia V). Pink
ham's Vegetablo Compound, mads
from roots ana nents, nns ueen mo
standard remedy for femalo ills,
and has positively cured thousands of
women who have been troubled with
displacements, inflammation, ulcera
tion, fibroid tumors, irregularities,
periodic pains, and backache.
Mrs. Pinkliam invites all sick
women to write her for advice.
She lias guided thousands to
health. Address, Lynn, Mass.
Positively cured by
these Little nils.
Thev also relieve Dis
tress from Dyspepsia, In
digestion and Too Hearty
Eating. A perfect rem
edy for Dizziness, Nau
sea, Drowalncea, Bad
i Taste lu the Mouth, Coat
ed Tongue, Pain In the
They regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable.
Genuine Must Bear
Fac-Simile Signature
WIDOWS'0 N tW LAW obtained
PENSIONS waehiugton, o. o,
W. N, U WICHITA, NO. 3V 1S0&

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