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Globe-Republican Ptg. Co, Pubs. DODGE CITY, t KAN. a' Horn Breeding to Type. Firmer, and others, (or that matter, c well, must breed to type. They must know what kind of horses they wish to produce and strive to that end, declares John Gilmer Speed in Century magazine. To do this, they should know what kind of material is at hand, and how It can be used. Here Is something that the United States department of agriculture should do. And the war department might also assist, for proper cavalry remounts are difficult to secure. In Kurbpean coun tries, where great standing armies are maintained, there are not only govern mental breeding farms, but the farm ers are encouraged to breed army horses by the giving of prizes, and by permitting government-owned stallions of proper breeding to stand to ap proved stock at merely nominal fees. In Austria I have seen a whote regi ment of cavalry mounted on horses so true to type that it would take study and acquaintance to tell one horse from another. In Germany the govern ment has been breeding for the cav alry since the time of Frederick the Great, and with most satisfactory re sults. In these continental countries much enterprise is shown In securing the best blood that may be had in other countries, not omitting the Des ert of Arabia, whence comes the best and purest equine blood in all the world. In this matter of horse-breeding the Italians are not the least enter prising, nor, by the way, are tile Ita lians by any means Inferior in their horsemanship. Latest Kansas Events Americans who have hesitated be. tween the use of "Scotch" and "Scot tlsfl," not knowing which Is preferable or correct, will be interested in know ing that others have felt the same doubt. The subject recently came up In the house of commons when a mem- from Dumfries urged that the name of ! 5,303 and 32 of' them are doing high Wettest Year for Kansas. According to the weather summary for 1908, v issued by the University of Kansas at Lawrence and containing tho record kept by the late Dr. F. H Snow from 1868 until 1908, the year just passed saw the largest preclplta tlon in the history of the Snow rec- ord. Of the rainfall the record says The entire rainfall, Including melted sndw, was 4S.32, which is 11.72 in ches above the annual average, and is the largest annual rainfall in our 41 years' record. Either rain or snow or both, fell In measurable quantities on 7C days, which is 23 less than the annual average. Rain or snow fell in quantities too small for measurement on 28 other days. The heaviest rain of the year was 3.55 inches, on June 13. The month of June had 10.57 inches in all, which is greater than the precipitation of any other month, There were 38 thunder storms, which Is six above the average. The other chief meteorological features of the year 1908 were Its high average tem perature, only three of the 40 preced ing years having had a higher mean; its absence of extremes of temper ature, its cloudiness ranking fourth of the 41 years In this respect, and Its absolute freedom from zero days. 507,630 Pupils In Kansas. The biennial report of State Super intendent of Schools Fairchild, shows the school population of Kansas to be 507,630, with nu average attendance of 290,904. There are S.6S9 schools in the state with 12.9S5 teachers, 3,646 of whom are graduates of col leges. The average monthly salary of country school teachers was ?13 and the cily teachers $6:!. Tho cost ot maintaining common schools was $1.78 a pupil and high schools $3.83. Teach ers were paid a total of J 1,758,881 in wages. More than half of the com mon schools, 4,932 to bo exact, have libraries. Forty-one teach domestic science and manual training, and 23 agriculture. There are 62 consolidat ed schools with an attendance ol the Scotch education department should be changed to "Scottish." Scotch, he said, was wrong, but when urged by his associates to prove this he could not do so satisfactorily. Facetious members insisted that his objections to the word "Scotch" grew out of his temperance proclivities and the fact that the word suggested other things than a race of people. The ad vocate of "Scottish" did not convince his English hearers, but as a matter of fact It Is said that the word "Scottish" prevails in Scotland. It Is a matter of custom, however, without special philo logical basis. Profits in Fire Insurance. The flic insurance companies do ing business in Kansas In a year re ceive, above the amount of money paid out for losses, almost as much cash as Is required to pay all of the state expenses for the same length of time. Fred S. Jackson, attorney general, in his biennial report to the governor, will ask for the establish ment of an Insurance rating bureau In Kansas. His chief argument in favor of this plan is the amount of money received from Kansas by the Insurance companies. His report will say: "There was collected In 1907 for fire Insurance premiums In the state, $3,776,603. The companies paid in losses for the same year, $1,649, 648, leaving tho net amount of the premiums received by the companies above losses, $2,126,955. The insur ance commissioner estimates that the total expense and loss accounts of the companies should not exceed 65 per cent of the gross premiums re ceived. On this basis, the net profit to the insurance companies for the year was In round numbers $1,133,-350." Miss Anna Hoch a Bride. Miss Anna Hoch, the second dauglt- ter of Gov. E. W. Hoch, and James W. Iteid, a young attorney of Chanutc, were married at the executive resi dence at Topcka recently. The Rev. Frank M. Lynch of the First Metho dist church performed the ceremony. Both the bride and groom aro gradu ates of r.akrr university and it was there that they met. Mr. Roid was formerly a Kansas City newspaper man. The maid ot honor was Miss Edna Hoch, tho bride's elder sister. The bridesmaids were Miss Ora Allen of Chanutc and -Miss Gertrude eleven ger of Topcka. Tho groomsman was Harry J. Harker of Kansas City, Mo. Kansas Baseball League Formed. Representatives from Great Bond, Hutchinson, Arkansas City, McPher scn, Salina, Strong City and Newton met at Newton and organized the Kan sas State Baseball league. A circuit committee was appointed to secure an additional town to make an eight league circuit. Application will be made to get the league into organized baseball. The season will begin about April 15. school work. Would Change --..- Law. In his biennial report to the gover nor Attorney General Fred S. Jack son recommends three Important changes In the laws governing trusts in Kansas. One change provides a penalty be fixed for each day a con cern continues to do business in the state after it Is proved to be a trust. A second change provides that the corporations with headquarters In other states but doimr business In Kansas, must produce their officers j Witli hydrophobia. One of the animals on demand of the attorney general, win be sent to a nasteur Institute. Bitten By Mad Squirrels. Four residents of Wichita were at tacked and bitten by two squirrels. The animals were killed by policemen who were called by the terrorized people of the neighborhood. It is be lieved the squirrels were afflicted As if to supply a want before It ex ists, Paris is already supplied with a roof station for aeroplanes In the very center of the city. The house Is situ ated at the corner of the Boulevard Bonne Nouvelle and belongs to a wealthy architect, M. Morln, who has taken time by the forelock. No flying machines are, of course, In the habit of landing on the top of this six-story house as yet, but the tenants are warned beforehand by a clause In their lease that they will not be entitled to any compensation If, In the near fu ture, the roof is used as a station or garage for "aerial vehicles." Mean while the tenants are entitled to the use of the "terrasse" as a roof garden. Gen. Grant says that bis father did not smoke to great excess until after the capture of Fort Donelson. The story went through the nation that Grant bad fought the battle with a cigar In his mouth. Friends congratu lating him on this, the first great vic tory in his life, accompanied their messages with boxes of cigars. The hero was thus encouraged to smoke more than was good for him. It is an extreme case of the damaging effect of the American treating habit. That old adage, "The more haste the Jess speed," finds exemplification in the disaster in the Panama canal zone. The dynamite' explosion Is at tributed to the desire cn the part of some of the men to make the dirt fly," which led to neglect of proper precautions in handling the explosive. Zeal Is right and praiseworthy, but v;hen dealing with deadly materials it should be properly tempered with prudence. "The cheapest housesi at Bournrille, England, rent for only $7.80 a month, which includes taxes and water rates. Such a house contlans five rooms and a wonderful folding bath, which stands up like a cabinet when not In use. Clerks and artisans, however, general ly pay about $12.30 a month for seven rooms and an eighth of an acre." . President Hadley of Yale tells Har vard students that brain and not brawn should be the ideal of college men. It was noted on a recent occa sion that some of the Harvard' men had become too brawny to suit ths Yule people. V ' ' Lurger locomotives are being built by the Pennsylvania railroad to handle the tralBo that is expected to come next year. The new machines are mon. ' ' i ili-if could not have been drcamej : : . ago, . - The third recommendation is that the courts be given authority to leter mine whether a corporation has a H.onopoly on a certain line of pro ducts and If it Is determined it has, a public utilities commission be em powered to fix prices for the output in this state. A Farmers' Company Elects. The directors of the Farmers' Alli ance Insurance company met for re organization at McPherson recently. The management of the company will practically remain the same. I. F. Talbott was re-elected president; B. F. McGlll, vice president; C. F. Mill genback, secretary, and William Mc carty, treasurer. The officers were complimented by the directors on the manner in which they have managed the company's business. The new auditing committee consists of H. W. Ruble, J. W. Laybourne and J. W. McFadden. The executive board con sists of B. F. McGlll, V. Goodspeller and I. Coslett. Made One Boy Save Another. While her pupils screamed at the distress of Earl Lance, 12 years old, who had fallen through the thin Ice on a pond while skating at recess, Miss Ada Clark, 20 years old, teacher of the Klrkwood district school, four miles south of Pittsburg, seized a piece of rope which she tied about the waist of a fellow schoolmate and after urging him into the water to the other's aid, dragged the two, half drowned, ashore. More Stock for Electric Line. The capital stock of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad com pany has been Increased to $2,000, 000. This is the company that 1 s to build an electric railway from Kansas City to Topeka and a line south from Lawrence to Independence and Cof feyville. The Kansas child labor committee at its meeting In Topeka perfected the bill which It will Introduce in the legislature to prevent children under 14 years being employed in what might be dangerous occupations. Kansas Blacksmiths Meet. The first annual convention of the blacksmiths and wagon makers of Kansas convened at Wichita with more than 200 delegates in attend ance. A committee was appoint ed to prepare an amendment to the present labor law to be presented at the session of tho legislature giv ing them the right to file an attach ment on property for work. The fol lowing officers were elected; Presi dent, W. L. Woolverton, Koltonj vice president, E. D. Young, Cotton wood Falls; secretary, J. M, Barnett, Was a Friend of McKinley. John II. High, chief of division in the department of tho interior at Washington under President Harri son, Is dead at his home near Hutch inson in Reno county. He was a per sonal friend of McKinley when both were starling their careers in Ohio pditics. New Leavanwortn Church. The new First Presbyterian church of Leavenworth has been formally dedicated. It was erected at a cost of $10,000. Tho Rev. Baxter P. Fuller ton, D. D., moderator of the Presby terian general assembly of the United States preached tho dedicatory sermon. Robbery and Arson, Five buildings burned at Leonard ville the other day. It Is believed that there was a robbery before the fire and that tho robbers set fire to the buildings to conceal their work. To Protect Kansas Birds. If a law prepared by the Audubon society of Kansas is passed by the next legislature all Kansas women will have to forego feathers on their hats, unless the feathers are those of game birds or are picked without in jury to the birds. If the law is passed and becomes effective it will be a criminal offense for anyone to have in his possession the feathers of any bird or birds. Albaugh Retires as Editor, Morton Albaugh, clork of the United States district court In Topeka, has sold his paper, the Kingman Leader Courier, to Edward Bolmar, who has been the active manager of the paper for several years. Several others are associated with Bolmar. Albaugh has owned the paper 21 years. Bolmar has been with him almost all of that time.s Fire at Kensington. Half the business portion of the town of Kensington was recently de stroyed by a fire that started in the Palace hotel. Loss $50,000. Kansas Glass Plant Closed. Owing to tho inability of the work men and the manufacturers to get together the Osage Glass plant at In dependence has been closed and it is announced no glass will be made by the firm until next fall. The action throws 150 men out pf employment A Big Kansas Ranch Sold. Frank E. Boleln, Henry Sherman and Ross St rat ton of Winfield bought the Gunter brothers' ranch, consist ling of 2,450 acres, near Bodarc, But ler county. The price was $70,000, STUBBS IS BOW fMOFMSAS OATH OF OFFICE ADMINISTERED BY CXicF JUSTICE. FOUR EX-GOVERNORS PRESENT Topeka Auditorium Was Crowded Al though Weather Was Very Cold Officers of the Legisla ture Were Chosen, Toneka. Kan.. Jan. 12. W. R. Stubbs is now the governor of Kansas Ho took the oath of office 8t noon yesterday, accompanied by the most elaborate inaugural ceremony Kansas ha had in many years. Just about a year ago tho machine politicians said that it would bo a cold day when W. R. Stubbs was made gov ernor. It was. Snow fell all day and the mercury hovered around the zero mark. It was eo cold that the auto mobile rldo was dispensed with. Shortly before noon J. N. Dolley rapped for order in the Topeka Audi torium. The building was Jammed. It was so cold that men and women wore their wraps throughout the ceremony. The Rev. Edwin Locke of Topeka pro nounced the Invocation, and then V. E. Stanley of Wichita was introduced as permanent chairman. Tho Modocn sang, and there was a selection on the big pipe organ. Four Ex-Governors Present. On the platform with the state offi cers were former Governors Click, Bailey and Stanley, who were later joined by Governor Hoch. Governor Hoch just had tlm j to com plete his retiring address when high noon came and It was then necessary to swear in the new governor and other state officers. Tho oaths of of fice were administered by W. A. John ston, chief justice of the Kansas su premo court. After the officials had r.ken the oath of office, W. R. Stubbs delivered his inaugural address. Last night, in the rotunda of tho state house, a reception was given for the new governor and other officers to the general public. The big building was decorated with evergreens, flags, bunting and potted plants and palms. An orchestra furnished music through out the evening. More than 2,000 peo ple passed down the receiving line. Officers of Legislature. Topeka, Kan., Jai. 12. At a can cus of the Republican members of the house of representatives yesterday af ternoon, J. N. Dolley of Maple Hill, Wabaunsee county, chairman of the Republican state central committee, was chosen speaker, and R. J, Hop kins of Finney county, was chosen Bpeaker pro tern. Other selections were: Will Beck, Jackson county, chief clerk; Dan B. Dyer, of Smith count', sergeant-at-arms; W. P. Wilcox, ol Shawnee county, doorkeeper; W. A Trigg, Anderson county, postmaster; Rev. J. A. Renwlek of Topeka. chap lain. Senator E. E. Porter of Pittsburg was chosen speaker pro tern of the Kansas senate at a caucus of the Re publican membe-s. A fight was made for the secretaryship, two voter being necessary for a choice, the place go ing to Z. E. Wyant of Waverloy. Guy I. Swallow of Valley Falls was chosen sergeant-at-arms; George Mohler of Maple Hill, chief doorkeeper; Rev. W. H. Underwood of Clay Center, chap lain; H. E. Hanback of Baxter Springs, postmaster. TRY THIS FOR COLDS Mix half ounce of Concentrated pint compound with two ounces of glyc erine and a half pint of good whiskey; shake it well each time and use In doses of & teaspoonful to a tablespoon ful every four hours. . . These Ingredients can be obtained from any good druggist who will pre pare the mixture, or it can be mixed at home. This is said to be the quickest cough and cold cure known to science, and at the same time it has a splendid tonic effect which benefits the whole system, The Concentrated pine is a special pine product refined for medical use and comes only in half ounce bottles, each enclosed in a round case, which Is air tight, to retain all the original strength of the fluid, but be sure it is labeled 'Concentrated." DOMESTIC REPARTEE. Mr. Knagg Before you met me you said you wouldn't marry the best man in the world. Mrs. Knagg And you are the only one who thinks that I broke my word. House Will Organize. Topeka, Jan. 12. The state legisla ture will convene In regular session at noon tomorrow with A. C. Mitchell acting as temporary speaker of the house during its organization. A joint committee of two senators and three representatives will be appointed to wait on the governor to Inform hlra the legislature Is in session and the house will adjourn until 4 o'clock, when they will reconvene to hear the governor's message read. Probably no further business will be transacted. Lieutenant Governor Fitzgerald will call the meeting to order. Immediate ly following organization n tha house J. N. Dolley will take the speaker's chair. Early In the session a bill will be Introduced to provide new fur niture for the house members and rushed through so the members of the present session will reap the benefit. Relief Fund Is $670,000. Washington, Jan. 12. The total sub ecrlptlon for the Italian earthquake sufferers through the American Red Cross aggregate $670,000. 8Tr!M VAS St" 'ERE. Suf- Mlssouri, Kans.is and Ok thoma ; for From Cold. Kansas ( Hy, 'n 12. iJerere cold weather, acpaiiM by a heavy fall of snow In "' it ' in Missouri and parts of Kansas ;i i t klnliouia, continued yesterday. l'i MIwjjI antf Kansas the tempert.lure u wreil n. ir tho zero mark. At Mui''"8. , (H'i., the street cara were block'; a 1 y the havy fall of snow, and cattle in the stock ards la that city died from i.rpos, Prince Rupert's Drops. Prince Rupert's drops are drops of molten glass, consolidated by falling to water. Their form Is that of a tad pole. The thick end may be ham mered pretty smartly without Its break ing, but if tho smallest portion of the thin end Is nipped off the whole flies Into fine dust with explosive violence. These toys, If not Invented by Prince Rupert, were introduced by him into England. With a smooth iron and Defiance Starch, you can launder your shirt waist just as well at home as the steam laundry can; it will have the proper stlffnes3 and finish, there will be less wear and tear of the goods, and It wli'l be a positive pleasure to use a Starch that does not stick to the iron. Sure Sign. Mrs. Murphy Arrah! Tls . Saterdah night an' th' facth'ry-is closln' down an' Timmy don't know whether he'll git his pay or not. Mrs. Flaherty Here he comes home now. Mrs. Murphy Wlrra! Thin he ain't been paid. Unique Visiting Card. Mme. Johanna Gadskl has brought to this country a fad that has become quite the rage In Germany, where it was introduced by no less a personage than the crown princess herself. It Is a new form of visiting card, con taining not only an elaborately en graved border, but a silhouette of the person It represents. The custom calls for a design appropriate to the hold er's station. Thus, in Mme, Gardskl's case the prima donna's head is framed In a border of laurel, while a lyre forms the baso of the design. The card is not only unique but exceed ingly pretty and effective. THOUGHT CAME IN TIME. Or Generous Friend of Hospital Might Have Been Offended. Lakeside hospital Is probably Sam uel Mather's chlefest hobby. If there Is a deficit in the hospital finances at the end of the year Mr. Mather is usually only too happy to write out a check that will more than make It up. This has gone on from year to year until whenever anything Is broken or damaged about the place the nurses and other "employes look upon the loss as Just that much out of Mr. Mather's generous pocket. If a nurse drops a saucer she will smile and remark: "Poor Samuel!" Among many of the nurses the remark is almost a byword whenever anything goes wrong., Not long ago, so runs the story, Mr. Mather was at the hospital visit ing a member of his family who was ill. He was unfortunate enough to lean against a vase of flowers on a table. The vase fell to tke floor and broke. Two nurses were standing by. They exchanged glances and one of them mused absent-mindedly "Poor Sa " And then she happened to think. Cleveland Plain Dealer. .:'J .J- , "A. '' 1 ? ROSY AND PLUMP Good Health from Right Food. "It's not a new food to me," re marked a Va. man, In speaking of Grape-Nuts. "About twelve months ago my wife was in very bad health, could not keep anything on her stomach. The Doctor recommended milk half water but it was not sufficiently nourishing. "A friend of mine told me one day to try Grape-Nuts and cream. The re Bult was really marvelous. My wife soon regained ber usual strength and to-day is as rosy and plump as when a girl of sixteen. ' "These are plain facts and nothing I could say In praise of Grape-Nuts would exaggerate in the least tho value of this great food." Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Read "The Road to Well vllle," in pkgs. "There's a Reason." Ever rend the above letter A new one apnenrn from time 1o time. They are genuine, true, and full ol huiunit (merest, -wwsst PATIENT SUFFERING. . Many Women Think They Are Doomed to Backache. , It Is not right for women to be al ways ailing with backache, urinary ills, headache and other symptoms of kidney disease. There is a way to end these troubles quickly. - Mrs. John H. Wreht. 606 East First TvW Jat- Mltcheii s- D- I v) iC 8ays: " suflerei tea 1--, years with kidney com plaint and a doctor told me I would never get more than temporary relief. A dragging pain and lameness In my back almost disabled me. Dizzy spell came and went and the kidney secre tions were irregular. Doan's Kidney Pills rid me of these troubles and I feel better than for years past." Sold by all dealers. 60c a box. Fos-ter-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. Rather Remarkable Certainty. . The lawyer for the plaintiff had: finished his argument, and counsel foi the defense stepped forward to speak, when the new judge Interrupted him. His eyes were wide open and filled with wonder and admiration for the plea of the plaintiff. "Defendant need not speak," he sail "Plaintiff wins." "But, your honor," said the attorney for the defendant, "at least let me pre sent my case." "Well, go ahead, then," said th judge, wearily. , . The lawyer went ahead. When h had finished the judge gaped in even' greater astonishment. "Don't. It beat all!" ho exclaimed. "Now defendant wins." Green Bag. Rapid Transit. Mrs. Blunder had just received a. telegram from India. "What an admirable Invention the-' teleeram is!" she exclaimed, "when you come to consider that this mes sage has come a distance of thousands of miles and the gum on tho envelope isn't dry yet." Tit-Bits. Ml Limvaoewwa Cccwscs the System Disp&s colds awd Headaches &ueo CowsWpoXxow; aixxxative. Best for Men Wmvexi aw&.$V& . To s bete$cA eJSccXs.. manufactured by tke Fig Syrup Co. SOLD BY ALL LEADING DRUGGISTS one size only, regular price 50 per bottle. CARTER'S OlTTLE MlVER CARTERS if IVER Is8- SIOK HEADACHE Positively cured by these Little Pills. They also relieve Dls tresBfniin DYHpepl(i,In. il Ipri-Btlon and Too Hearty EutliiR. A perfect rem ecly lor Dlzzlnens, Kau sea, Drowsiness, Bad Taste in the Mouth, Coa cd Tongue, Pain In th Side, TORPID LIVES rhejr regulate the BoweU. Purely Vegetable SMALL PILL. SMALL DOSE. SMALL PRICE. Genuine Must Bear Fac-Simile Signature REFUSE SUBSTITUTES, 320 Acres Wl IN WESTERN CANADA WILL MAKE YOU RICH Fifty bushels per acre have been grown. General averagegreaterthan in any other part of the continent. Under new regulations it is possible to secure a homestead of 160 acres free, and additional 160 acres at $3 per acre. "The development of the country has made marveloui itridee. It li a revelation, a rec ord of conqueat by settlement that Is remark able." Extract from correspondence of M Nttiorul Bditor, vho visited Csnid In August Ust. The grain crop of 1908 will net many farmers $20.00 to $25.00 per acre. Grain raising, mixed farming and dairying are the principal industries. Climate is excel lent; social conditions the best; railway ad vantages unequalled; schools, churches and . markets close at hand. Land may also be purchased from railway and land companies. For "Last Best West" pamphlets, maps and " information as to how to secure lowest roll- way rates, apply to Superintendent of Immi gration, Ottawa, Canada, or the authorised Canadian Government Agents J.8.CIAWF0RD, la, US ff . Ninth Slrwl, lamas City. Mlstsnl. GLOVER SEED f " Absolutely Pure, No Weeds gaT" Ei. Gov. Hoard of Wisconsin, from jo acres own to Salzer's ooth Ceutury Alfalfa, har vested within 14 weeks after seeding fajoo.oo worth of magnificent liar, or at the rate of orar SN0.00 Der acre. JtlR wd catalog- frees or. Mend fOo In stamps for aample of this Alfalfa. mIko Billion Dollar Oram, Oaw, V heat, Harle j , etc, , o.lly worth SIO.OO "I an; man'a money to Kit a start with. Or, .end 140 and we arid a aamnla rarui aeeu uuvoity ovvvr auwu uaiui uj ! SALZER SEED CO., Bos W, Ls Crosse, Wis.