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Western cyclone. [volume] (Nicodemus, Kan.) 1886-1887, May 27, 1886, Image 1

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VOLUME L
ILLIONS OF ACRES OF PUBLIC LANDS.
Will be Restored to the Government if
Washington special: The public lands
mmittee of the present house has done
ach good in the way of reform of gross
nd dangerous abuses of the land system.
congress passes bills it has prepared and
ported, the country will have reason to
joice OVer long-lasting abuses remedied.
o committee has reported for the action
{ the house a considerable number of
pa.zres. Among these are:
First—Dßills repealing the pre-emption,
imber culture and desert land acts. These
the laws under shelter of which a great
art of the enormous land frauds have
en carried on. Some of these laws were
arried on at the instigation of land grab
ers. All of them have been found in prac
ice to encourage and protect systematic
poliation of the public domain to so vast
n extent that at this moment only about
0.000,000 acres of arable lands remain
for, homesteads for the people,_ though, for
tunately, if this congress does its duty, not
ess than 150,000,000 more will be recov
erggl:ond--'rm committée has reported a
sumber of the bills fixing the individual
rights of gettlers.
Third—lt has reported and has ready for
setion a number of land grant forfeiture
pills by which a vast area of public lands
vill be justly recovered for the benefit of
the people, and held, if bad laws are re
pealed, for actu#l settlement on such terms
ps will guard them against land grabbing.
~ Fourth—One of these forfeiture bills has
plready passed tne house and is in the
Eands of the senate public lands com
mittee, whereit haslaid for several months.
This bill declares the forleiture of 8,000,-
)00 acres of land in the heart of the south
rn states. These lands were granted
hirty years ago, in 1856. Not one of the
oads for which the land was granted has
ver been built. On not ome of them has
ven a miie of track ever been laid. On
nly one of them—the Gulf and Ship Island
has a spade ever been struck into the
round, and that was for mere speculative
urposes, two or three years ago, in an
ndeavor to keep the grant alive w%en
had long ago justly lapsed Yet these
3,000,000 of fertile acres in theheart of the
Southern states have been held since 1856,
or thirty years, through war and peace,
sacred against the occupation of farmers
and for the benefit of extinet or specula
live corporations. Surely it is high time to
restore these millions of acres to the public
lomain and to the use and occupation of
the people. The names of the corporations
or whose benefit these funds have been so
ong held are: :
The Gulf & Ship Island railroad. =
The Tuscaloosa & Mobile railroad.
The Mobile & New Orleans railroad.
The Eiyton & Baird’s Bluff railroad.
The Memphis & Charleston railroad.
The Savannah & Albany railroad.
The New Orl ans & State Line railroad.
The Iron Mountain of Arkansas railroad.
Fifth—By other forfeiture bills will be re
overed for the public domain land.grants
lotearned and justly forfeitableas follows:
The Atlantic & Pacific railroad, 28,871,-
300 acres—this corporation having earned
ind got 16,000,000 acres outside of this.
The Ontonagon & Brule River railroad,
350,000 acres.
The Southern Pacific, in all 12,000,000
cres,
The Houghton, Marquette & Ontonagon
railroad, 294,400 aeres.
The Mobile & Girard railroad, 500,000
LCres,
The Wisconsin Central railroad, 406,880
Cres. e
The California & Oregon railroad, 2,500,
00 acres.
The Oregon & California railroad, 2.500,-
00 acres.
The Northern Pacific railroad, 36,000,-
00 acres.
This does not clear the docket. More re
ains; but thege forfeiture bills have been
erfected and reported to the house. That
ore remains any one can easily see in the
port of Land Commissioner Sparks, but
his list shows strikingly how wasteful and
areless have been the grants of lands to
orporations, and how negligent has been
he interior department for many years in
ot holding the corporations to the fulfill
jment of their contracts.
l Likely to Injure Farmers.
; Washington dispatch: Secretary Lamar
hinks the Coke cattle trail bill contains a
big job likely to injure a large number of
Nebraska farmers. The bill provides that
range forty-one “along the eastern boun
ary of Colorado” be dedicated to the use
of an inter-state cattle trail. The bill has
Passed the senate and Reagan is pushing it
I tie house in the interest of Texas cattle
men. Mr. Lamar thinks range forty-one
in Nebraska, which is also along theeastern
hloundnry of Colorado, will be claimed by
the cattlemen if the bill passes asitstands.
He called at the senate to-day to see the
Nebraska senators about the matter.
Range forty-one in Nebraska is covered
With settlers who have petitioned the sec-
Ttary to interpose his protection against
having the thousands of Texas cattle
turned over their farms reguiarly every
Sbring and fall. Texas men want to breed
their cattle in the south during the winter
and drive them to Dakota and Moncana
for feed in the summer.
A Nobraskan Suicides in Chicago.
James Day, of Lincoln, Nebraska, com
witted suicide at Chicago on the 15th. He
ad his wife and one child arrived there
about g week previous. Day remained in
Chicago while his wife and child went on to
Grands Rapids. Hearing nothing from her,
EDaS bezame very despondent and imagined
she we g untrue to him. He applied to a
Station for lodgings and was discovered
¥ith & bullet through his head.
PERSONAL AND OTHER NOTES.
The Duke of Newcastle is coming to this
country for a nine-months’ visit.
Mrs. Sartoris is said not yet to have re
covered her spirits since the death of her
noble father. _
Some soulless critic says that Mrs. Lang
try’sspring bonnet is an inspiration drewn
from a ldbster salad dream.
Senator Joseph E. Brown, of Georgia, is
writing a book on the social and material
growih of the south since the war. '
The ex-Rev. George C. Miln writes: *I
am a clergyman; lam an actor.”” There is
considerable difference of opinion on this
subject. _
John Boyle O'Reilly suggests that Wen
dell Phiilips’ grave be decorated on Memor
ial day in honor of his efforts in the cause
of Ireland. 2
Having met Miss Cora Barnes, of Brook
lyn, Queen Victoria has been graciously
pleased to express her admiration for
Brooklyn girls.
Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, it is said,
is about to produce another book, this one
being entitled “You and I, or Moral, Intel
lectual and Soeial Culture.” While she re
mains the president’s sister, Miss Cleveland
has exceptional advantages in instructing
the American people.
The daughter of Gen. Booth, of the Sal
vation Army, has been challenged to fighta
duel by some hardened sinner. Tne blue
ribboned maiden prefers to meet her chal
lenger at a joint publicdebate. Miss Booth
is a young woman who has had considera
ble experience in wars of words.
Miss Marian Foster, the lame artist, has
terminated a long visit in Washington.
President Cleveland was very kind to the
young painter and sat for his portrait to
her and placed his carriage at her disposal.
Miss Foster also received a number of con
missions, many of them through the presi
dent’s intervention.
Another professional beauty, Miss May
Fortescue, will act in this country next sea
son. Miss Fortescue is the young lady who
achieved considerable notoriety through
the breach of promise suit she brought
against Earl Cairus, then Lord Garmoyle,
sometimes dubbed ‘“Gumboil,” in which she
was awarded $lO,OOO damages.
POLITICAL NEWS AND NOTES.
A stampede of republican papers to the
support of Edmunds is reported in Ver
mont.
There is a movement in Louisiana to
adopt a constititional amend ment abolish
ish the state senate.
Warring republican factions in California
have patched up a peace, which will be
tested in the ccnvention to be held August
25th. X
Down in Texas they are trying to decide
whether the Farmers’ alliance should be
carried into politics orpolitics carried into
the alliance. -
It is generally understood in Pennsylva
nia labor circles that Mr. Powderly will ac
cept the democratic nomination for gov
ernor if tendered him.
Virginia had a greater number of electoral
votes than any other state till 1805. Now
there are eleven states ahead of her, and
:yo others holding an equal representa
ion.
It is believed in Georgia political circles
that Gen. John B. Gordon will receive
the democratic gubernatorial nomination,
mainly on account of his strength with the
old soldiers.
The Davenport Democrat pleads for a
short campaign in lowa. As there are few
new issues it considers that the people
would rather devote their time to business
than to politics,
The Massachusetts Civil Service reform
league suggests to the president that re
movals and appointments be postpon.d
for a specific time in order that the public
may be heard from.
' Massachusetts republicans are nct so cer
tain to nominate Lieut.-Gov. Ames forgov
ernor. Congressman Rice and Mr. Crapo
are both strongly backed, and the sena
torial election threatens to complicate the
matters. ;
A Washington county correspondent in
forms the country that Messrs. Elkins and
Manley are often at the capital looking
after Blaine’'s interests. It is not stated
just what they will do, but no doubt they
will do all they can.
pisastrous vroutn 1n ‘rexas.
Reports from Texas indicatea disastrous
drouth, and that the cattle are dying by
thousands for want ol water and grass.
There is very little grass anywhere near
water and that little is so dry and dead
that it does not contain enough substance
to do cattle any good. Thecattle are very
thin and getting thinner every day, and if
no rain comes within thirty days the cattle
business in west Texas will be ruined. Peo
ple are very gloomy over the outlook. The
drouth extends east as far as Big Springs.
No clouds have been seen in months. Even
if it should rain now cattle would not get
fat enough for market this year. A rough
estimate places the rate of mortality by
thirst and starvation at 900 head perday.
Fully 20,000 carcasses cover the plains.
The stench as one passes along on the
Texas Pacific is said to be terrible.
NICODEMUS, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1886.
The Chamberlain m .
London special: The meeting in Mr.
Chamberlain’s house has caused the great
est consternation among Mr. Gladstone's
supporters. A number of them have con
cluded that it is best to yield, while only a
few desire to go on with the fight, which is
confessed hopeless. The liberal Whip used
the utmost endeavor to discover who were
invited to the Chamberlain meet, that they
might endeavor to dissuade them from
going, but the effort was futile. The great
est secrecy was observed and all attempts
to thwart the radical reader were unavail
ing. Many unexpected meetings have been
held at Chamberlain’s house, but none of
them attained the proportions of yester
day’s or were able to have 8o definite an
effect in the direction of the defeat of the
home rule bill. It is urferstood that
Trevelyn will not speak further in debate.
Mr. Lamar Heard From.
Washington special: Secretary Lamar
says that since the statement has been
widely . telegraphed that Commissioner
Sparks intends to resign his position, he
has received hundreds of letters from the
northwest in which the writers congratu
lated both themselves and the government
upon General Sparks’ speedy retirement.
It is Secretary Lamar’s belief that, in the
great majority of cases, these letters are
written by land-sharks and others who
have grown rich through illegal transac
tions in public lands. He said no honest,
bona fide settler has anything to fear from
Commissioner Sparks or any rulings he
may make, and that he not only has not
required the commissioner’s. resignation,
but that he (Lamar) would vigorously pro
test if General Sparks should intimate his
intention of doing so.
Relief _or Reservation Settlers.
Washington special: Representative
Weaver, of Nebraska, called up and had
passed in the house to-day his bill author
izing and directing the secretary of the in
terior to extend the time for the payment
of purchase money on the sale of the reser
vation of the Otoe and Missouri tribes of
Indians in Nebraska and Kansas. It pro
vides that the interest shall be had now
and the extension of time for payments
which have or shall become due. Repre
sentative Dorsey oficred an amendment
that the extension include the Omaha res
ervation in Nebraska. Objection was
made and the amendment was withdrawn.
It will, however, be attached in the senate.
Arthur’s Condition Unchanged.
A New York dispatchsays there is nonew
feature in ex-President Arthur’s condition.
He has annoying periods of depression
which give rise to the statement that heis
growing worse. His friends are not allowed
to see him. Paul Potter writes in Town
Topics: Thedaily papers have shown great
consieration for ex-President Arthur’s
sensitiveness to the printed stories concern
ing his ill-health. The subject is scarcely
ever referred to, or when touched upon is
treated in such a .fashion as to indicate
that Arthur's condition denotes daily im
provement. lam sorry to hear there is
less foundation for this report than could
be wished. From 250 pounds the ex-presi
dent’'s weight has gone down to 130
pounds. Weeks haveelapsed since his most
intimate friends have been admitted to his
presence. iy
Sixty Days of Life.
An affidavit signed by four physicians
was presented to Gov. Oglesby, setting
forth that James Dacey, sentenced to be
hanged on the 14th for the murder of
Alderman Gaynor, is insane, and it would
be an inhuman act to hang him. The
sextion of the revised statutes was pointed
out to the governor, forbidding the execu
tion of any person who has become in
sane after sentence is pronounced. The
governor telegraphed the sheriff that a
respite would be issued for a delay of
about sixty days to allow time for trial
on the charge of insanity.
Lucky Knight of Labor.
A young Swede named Sandleal, aged 19,
who lives in Northboro, Mass., went to his
office the other morning and there found
ten money orders calling for s§looeach. It
geems that when young Sandleal was a
baby an uncle in Sweden left him $15,000
which has since been on interest. The
amount which the lncky lad received was
the first installment of his little fortune,
the whole of which will come into his pos
gession when he attains majority. Sand
leuf was recently employed in A. W. Col
burn’s piano factory and was discharged
because he was a Knight of Labor.
Shot by Rangers.
San Antonio (Tex.) special: Juan Galin
do, a noted desperado, was killed at Piote,
Mexico, a few days ago, while resisting ar
rest, by six Mexican rangers. Before his
death he confessed having murdered John
Kent, superintendent of the Mexican land
and cattle company. Galindo was the
leader of a dangerous band ol smugglers
and horse thieves along the border.
Anxions For a Fight.
Three thousand men belonging to the
London volunteers and 100 officers of the
same force have offered to join any army
put in the field by Ulster in the rebellion
against Irish home rule. The volunteers,
it is stated, offer to equip themselves.
PERSONAL ITEMS.
Patti’'s marriage has been fixed for June 7.
Dorman B. Eaton is recuperating in Ver
mont.
Mrs. Hancock is still prostrated by her
great effliction.
Martin Irons is hereafter to act as lec
turer and organizer of the Knights of Labor.
Miss Murfree (Charles Egbert Craddock),
it is said, is about to be marry a Tennessee
mountaineer.
Miss Cleveland’s book will contain, it is
said, some spicy incidents of her life at
Washington.
George Bancroft says he works hard, but
never worries, and ascribes much of his good
health to that fact.
James C. Flood, the California million
aire, is building a mansion, the inside
decorations of which cost $BOO,OOO.
Mme. Ristori is going to make her final
appearance on the stage this season at
Her Majesty’s theater in London.
Judge Stanley Matthews is to marry a
widow who is described as having full
knowledge of life and society at Washing
ton.
Russell Sage's fortune is now estimated
at $40,000,000, yet he lives in a small vil
lage boarding house, paying in $l2 per
week. *
Joseph C. Hendrix, nominated for post
master at Brooklyn, N. Y., was for a long
time assistant night editor of the New
York Star.
Mike Leavitt, the showman, is dying of
paresis. Leavitt organized the first female
minstrel troupe, and at one time was very
wealthy.
A New York letter writer says Miss Jennie
Chamberlain, the American beaaty, is
about to go on the stage, and will make
her debut as Farthenia.
Mrs. James Brown Pott-¢" refused to ap
pear at a performance for the benefit of
the Bartholdi statue fund because she was
billed as a professional. : a
BIG GUNS IN THE OLD WORLD.
Reports that Emperor William is indis
posed are unfounded.
The Prince of Wales firmly declines to
adit the Life of John Brown. :
King Ludwig of Bavaria gets perfectly
crazy when anybody calls him *‘Me Lud.”
The ameer of Bakhara is dead. His
estate consists of a second hand umbrella
and 250 wives.
The Emperor William paid 20,000 marks
for the original manuscript of “The Watch
on the Rhine.”
Queen Elizabeth ruffles will certainly come
into fashion again whenever the Princess of
Wales finds that her neck is getting too
thin.
' The kings of Wurtemberg and Bavaria
are said to be hoth seriously ill. King
Karl I, of Wurtemberg, is suffering from
spinal disease. He remains at Nice.
They have started a subscription in
Paris to get a wedding present for the
Princess Amelie d’Orleans, who is going to
marry the crown prince of Portugal.
A settlement of the financial troubles of
Kir_ Ludwig has been planned by the Bav
arian chambers, and it is stated that the
suits against him will be postponed.
Maria Christina, queen of Spain, has two
lovely daughters who are still in ignorance
of their father’s death, and who write let
ters to him begging him to return.
London Truth: I hear that Prince Alex
ander of Hesse really started for Soffa with
the object of endeavoring to reflorm his
son’s domestic arrangements, which are
not of a character calculated to increase
his chances of making a good marriage, but
while he was at Vienna dispatches arrived
from Sofia which caused him to return
home. The circumstances of the prince
of Bulgaria’s birth preclude the pos
sibility of his marrying into any of the
royal houses of Germany, Austria or Rus
gia, and it is supposed that he will en
deavor to form an alliance with “finance.”
Confession of a Terrible Deed.
A special dispatch from Neillsville, Wis.,
says that Mrs. Wright, who has been sev
eral days in jail on suspicion of having, a
week ago, poisoned her husband, has con
fessed to the murder. Daniel Allen, her
alleged paramour, was immediately ar
rested as an accessory. The woman’sstate
ment was® *“She and Allen had been inti
mate for nearly two years; that she was to
kill her husband with poison; afterward
Allen was to murder his wife in the same
way; then after waiting a sufficient time
the partners in crime were to be wedded.
Mrs. Wright gave her husband a dose of
poison, but it was so large he threw it up.
Two weeks later Allen fixed a potion for
Wright that killed him.” The townspeople
are greatly excited and there are many
threats of lynching.
70 SEE THE ECLIPSE.
The senate has passed a bill appropriat
ing $lO,OOO to pay the expenses of an ex
pediton to observe the total eclipse of the
sun, which occurs on the 20th ol August
pext. Thesecretary of the navy is to have
the expedition in charge, and the observa
tion is to be made at or near the port ol
Benguitta, on the west coast ol Alrica,
NUMBER 3.
GOSSIP ABOUT WOMEN.,
Miss Marfree, the novelist, is to be mar
ried in the fall, they say. S
Finally Bernhardt’s dearest wishes are
being gratified. It is said she is growing fat.
Princess Clementine, of Denmark, is 14
years old, and is said to be delightfully
piquant.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox says it is like wait
ing for one’s epitaph to wait for accepted
articles to be published by magazines.
Joaquin Miller has adonted a little In
dian maiden to take the place in his affec
tions of his oft-married daughter, Maud.
It is said that Senator Logan’s only son
is betrothed to Miss Alexander, of New
York, who visited his mother at Washing.
ton last winter.
Mrs. Tyler, the widow of ex-President
Tyler, has left the capital and is now living
with her only daughter, Mrs. Ellis, in Mont
gomery county, Virginia.
Maria Christina, Queen of Spain, has two
lovely daughters who are still in ignorance
of their father’s death, and who write let
ters to him begging him to return.
Anna Perkins, the Cleveland champion
of the Dr. Mary Walker costume, chal
lenges any lady who criticises her costume
to a public debate on the trouser question.
No one has yet accepted the challenge.
Princess Amelia, of Orleans, now 20
years old, is an object of profound pity to
her ertire sex, for up to date she never has
had a fashionable wardrobe, and has worn
dresses wholly cut out and made by a maid
of her mother’s. 3
Mrs. Abba Gould Woolson, who has made
an interesting and discriminating study of
“George Eliot and Her Heroines,'' has been
chosen as poet of the centennial anniver
sary of the city of Portland, Me., which is
to be celebrated July 4.
PROMINENT MEN HERE AND THERE.
Ned buntline is said to have averaged
$20,000 a year for the last twenty-five
years out of his writings.
Abel Hosmer, of Concord, Mass., now 90
vears of age, lives on a farm taken up by
his ancestors in 1635.
Gov. Swineford of Alaska says he isgoing
to return there whether he is confirmed or
not. He likes the country.
Bohdan Raleski, whose death is reported,
was one of the most noteworthy Polish
poets of the century. Since the fall of War
saw he has lived at Paris.
Dr. E. O. Shakespeare of Philadelphia,
who was commissioned to study the chol
era epidemic in Spain and Italy, has been
directed to proceed to India to study the
disease in its home.
Sam Jones and Sam Small are doinga
respectable revival business in Baltimore,
and together they drawgood audiences, but
when Sam Jon.s is unavoidably absent
there is only a small house.
Gen. Moorehead’s Pittsburg mansion was
dedicated to the uses of the faith cure on
Thursday by his daughter and heir, who
was cured last winter. . Regular services
will be held in the mansion.
Prof. Timothy Dwight is boomed as the
successor of President Porter, and one of
the arguments advanced in his favor is
that he is a grandson of the former and
famous President Dwight of Yale college.
Prof. Pritchett, of St. Louis, has discov
ered that our days are lengthening, but as
it is only at the rate of two seconds in a
century it will be some time before the ex
tension comes in conflict with the eight.
hour movement.
Alexander Sullivan, of Chicago,says there
is no danger that that city will be ruled by
socialists. Next to Philadelphia, he says,
there is no city in the Union where work
ing people are so largely the owners ol their
own homes.
A Practical Dynamiter.
Hoblitzell, an agent of the Atlantic Dyna
mite company, was employed to break up
a lot of old iron stored on a vacant lot
near the Republic iron works in Pittsburg.
He commenced work on a ten-ton anviland
used an immense charge of dynamite for
the purpose. A terrific explosion lollowed,
and huge pieces of the anvil were scattered
in every direction. One piece weighing 300
pounds wrecked a house occupied by Mrs.
McNamara, a block distant. Another
piece weighing over 200 pounds crashed
through the dwellingof Emil Erstman, also
a block away, and struck & bed in which
three children were sleeping. They escaped
injury. Another house, occupied by Mazs.
Lury, fully 200 leet away, was also wrecked.
Will Oppose Gladstone's Bill.
At a meeting of the followers of Lord
Hartington, sixty-four gentlemen, in¢luding
Chamberiain, Trevelyan and Crain, were
present. A resolution was adopted declar
ing all present would oppose the second
reading of the home-rule bill. Hartington
declared that the pledges from liberals to
oppose Gladstone’s home-rule bill were
sufficient in number to make the rejection
of the bill on second reeding & certainty.
The defeat of the bill, Be said, would east
heavy responsibility en him, whichie wag
quite willing to aceepts o,

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