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THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION." By Blakely & Martin. Smoftj gill anbgegub n fttnioit, PUBLISHED EVERr SATURDAY MORNING BT WM. S.BLAKELY, - - . GEO. W. MARTIN, -A-t Junction Citj Kansas. OFFICE IN BRICK BUILDING. CORNER OF SEVENTH L- WASHINGTON Sr's. TE1I3 OF SUli-iC 1PTION : One copy, one year, .... $2.00 Ten copies, one year, .... 15.00 Payment re-tjuired in all cases in advance. All papers discontinued at the expiration of the time for which payment is received. terms of advertising: One square, first insertion, -Each subsequent insertion, $1.00 50 x eu lines or less ieing a square. Yearly advertisements inserted on liberal terms. job"work done with dispatch, and in the latest style of lue art. O" Payment required for all Job Work on delivery. , THE BATTLE OF ANTIETAM. Battle Ground at SiiAitrsnuuo, Sept. 13, 'G2. The difficulty of describing a battle is great. A commanding general, furnished with the reports of his subordinates in re gard to the movements and conduct of troops under their command, may, to some extent, do so, but to a civilian the work is exceedingly difficult, especially where tho number of men engaged is large and the line extended, as is the case at the present series of engagements near Sharpsburg. I found Frederick last Monday morning deserted by Our army, which had passed through the day before, and a mile from thenco reached the rear of tho baggage wagons, which, together with the artillery preceding it, covered the road for ten miles, and, by constantly stopping, entirely block ed the passage to other vehicles. Arriving nt the head about dusk, eighteen miles from Frederick, I took supper at a farm house, where Col. Farnswortb of the 8th Illinois Cavalry, was at the table, with several of Ins officers, fresh from a brilliant dash that day into the village of IJoonsborG, where the 9th Virginia Confederate Cavalry We're rapidly put to flight, with a loss of several m ftilJed; wounded and prisoners. Tp colonel and adjutant had each killed his man by a shot through the body, nud, un der the sunny influence of this performance, were bland, couiteous and smiling in the highest degree. They were delighted with the supper, astonished at the cheapness, and coaiplimcntcd the youug ladies highly on thi'ir cuiiuary genius. I allud to this ' by way of illustration of the serenity under '"which circumstances enable men to look back upou the taking of life. Col. Farns woith is a .splendid officer, and has already made his mark before the country. He is between forty and forty-five, tail and heavily aiade, with dark hair and thick blaok beard. On my way, I had passed the battle ground of South Mountain. This fight took place on Sunday, where Uurnside's and Hooker s corps, including the 54th, 100th, 45th Pennsylvania, and regimonts lo. 1 to 13 of the Pennsylvania Reserve corps, had behaved very handsomely, in company with several Ohio, Indiana, Wis consin, Michigan and New York regiments. After a hot action, they charged the enemy with the bayonet into the woods of two mountains. The dead yet lay on the field, and exhibited a surprising disparity be tween the Uuion soldiers and Confederates. One cause of this was the disorder into which Drayton's South Carolinia brigade became plunged, and a temporary cessation of their fire, which engendered a heavy loss to the 23d regiment from that State. At least 1,200 prisonera were taken, mostly South Carolinians and Georgians. Conspicuous among the dead were General Garland, and a Colonel Strong, of the 19th Virginia, whose name revealed itself on the lining of his boot. He was a fine looking man of 35, with a thick, sandy beard, and Lad a wound in the, throat front a sabre Jiayonet. A volume might bo filled with 'comments upon a battle-field of dead, de scriptions of facial expressions, of posture, and speculations upon their character and past career. Ther were fair-haired mothers' hopes of both parties: mature fathers of families, torn by conscription from their Southern homes; well-loved husbands, no more to greet tho eyes of praying wives, and noble youths, for whom, in silence, will weep hearts wbosc sacred depths, yet unrevcaled, will carry bitter grief through future years. Many had been shot in the face, and instantly killed, while firing be hind stone walls. Blood invariably spirted as the bullet struck, and suffused each countenance with gore. Tho dead lay in many positions ; upon the back, upon the breast, and often on the side, with the head upon the arm, and the knees drawn up towards the body. Earth, mingled with the blood, served to make their faces still more painful to behold. The solemnity to a beholder of men marching to the scene of action was en hanced by the darkness of night and the" stillness around. One would imagine the thoughts of men to be at such a moment bent upon the coming ordeal. Not at all. A. man wlio wears, tho livery of death views p "liis fate with indifference, and gives it littlo attention. Hfs chief thought is for some thing to eat. On a march he carries rations of crackers and meat for several days, and eats them up, particularly the meatbefore JUNCTION the period has half expired. His mind then dwells upon the possibility of stealing chickens, 01 finding a farm-house where he can buy food, A halt finally occurred at a small collec tion of houses called Frog Hollow, where many camp fires were already lit, and in the neighborhood of which, after eating their suppers, the army slept upon the ground, wrapped in their blankets. Morning dawned, and revealed our army hidden from the enemy behind tho brows of a range of hills, back of which was a majestic mountain of the Blue Ridge. The line extended for seven miles. On the right lay Hooker's and Sumner's corps, in the centre was Syke's division, including the 5th New York, and several regiments of Regulars. On the left, Burnside's corps. The rebels wore similarly posted behind opposite hills. At eight o'clock the ball was opened by a series of shells from the enemy, which struck our centre. No reply was made for an hour, until certain desired positions were occupied by our forces. In the meantime the different regiment3 were lying quietly ou tho ground in line of bat tle, silenjly awaiting the order to advance. Little attention was given to the shells. Their novelty was past. They would plunge unheeded into the ground and burst, but occasionally with fatal effect. I witnessed a regular whose leg was broken completely off at the thigh, in my neighborhood, and several others who were badly hurt. Gen. McClcllan, with his staff, und Gen. Fitz John Porter, approached the spot where I stood, dismounted, and ascended the hill to reconnoitre. The enemy had hitherto been shelling leisurely, but at sight of a group of officers popped away at a rnpid rate. Bang ! bang ! whiz z-z ! whir-r! o-o-o-e-c-o-o ! The gates of hell were open ed with thundering knocks, and yelling demons filled the air. If ever there was a born rascal, it is a shell, both for the uotsc it makes and its malignant destruction. The two generals quietly descended from the hill, and hid themselves from view. Our artillery finally commenced upon them and a slow, but steady, shelling was kept up by both parties uutil dusk, when it be- caiae more rapid for an hour. There was but littlo firing of musketry. Hooker engaged a body of the enemy's infantry toward evening, and drove them a mile until dark, taking nearly 200 pris oners. The 8 th Illinois and 3d Indiana Cavalry chaiged that of Filz Hugh Lee, taking fifty prisoners and two pieces of artillery. The day was occupied in taking positioufi, chiefly on the part of Buruside, and night closed with everything in readi ness, aud the impression upon all minds that the coming day was to witness pcihaps the greatest battle of the war. The camp fires along the line were a moat magnificeut sight, and would have befittingly celebrated the Junction of all lands, into a universal brotherhood, instead of being an accessory to the iufernal work of human destruction. As daylight appeared, on Wednesday, sev eral divisions, from both Hooker's and Sumner's corps, took advanced positions ou the right, and, at half-past seven, a sharp cannonading began, accompanied by the musketry of at least one division, which was increased till several divisions were engaged. The enemy stood their ground well for a couple of hours, but then gradu ally fell back to the left, keeping up, however, an incessant fire of artillery, with a discharge of firearms at intervals, which by was readily responded to our side. A number of McUlellan's generals feared that the bulk of the enemy's forces had crossed the Potomac in tho night, but the latter, whoso responsibility was greater and whose reconnoitring had been more thorou'h, was of a different opinion. He was right. No force of ours, on the Virginia side, was marching to impede their passage, and thoy might easily iiavo done so. luey were evidently determined on fighting. Our advance consisted of the regular horse batteries of Captain Tisball, Major Robertson, Captain Gibson, and Lieutenant Haines, supported by the 6th Regular Cav alry, the 8th Illinois, Rush's Lancers, and Child's Pennsylvania Cavalry. These were engaged on tho left of Gen. Sumner's corps, and drove back the enemy's infantry skir mishers, losing several artillery and cavalry horses, but few men, amoag whom was Col. Childs. The whole" were under com mand of General Plcasanton, and were reinforced by Richardson's division from Sumner's corps, and from Syke's regulars. Towards noon, Burnside's corps opened fire on the left, and General Sturgis was ordered by him to take the stone bridge across Antietam Creek, which was effectual ly performed, though with heavy loss, and three repulses. The 5th Connecticut here took the advance. The object in gaining this bridge was to attack the right of the enemy, which was vigorously done, until, Burnsidc obtained possession of Sharpsburg Fearing here that the enemy would flank his'left, he fell back, though stjll retaining the heights behind that village. Night here set-in and the carnage ceased. No approximation to facts can be obtain ed in regard to -our loss. Opinions vary from 8000 to 12,000 in killed and wound ed. That of the enemy is also very heavy. In one cornfield they were literally as numerous as tho hills, having suffered there both, from cannon and musketry. We took about six thousand prisoners. . It is reported that Stonewall Jackson is DA.VTS CO., KANSAS, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1862. killed, and that General Lee has been again wounded, as also Gen. Longstreet. Among the casualties to our officers may be men tioned those of eleven generals. General Hooker was wounded in the foot ; General Richardson in the right shoulder ; General Sedgwick, Gen. Meagher, Gen. Hartsuff, Gen. Dana, Gen. Durvea. Gen. Ricketts, Gen. Max Weber, and Gen. Mansfield, mortally; Col. Post, of the 2nd Sharp shooters; Col. Nugent, of the 69th New York, and his lieutenant colonel, are both killed, as also Col. McNeil, of the Buck tails, and Colonel Morrison, 14th Ct. The lieutenant colonel of Baxter's Zouaves bad a horso shot under him. The Bucktails were at one time opposed to a whole bri- i gade of Georgians and Mississippians, but well maintained their ground. As I write, the body of Lieut. Vandyke, acting adju tant of the 81st Pennsylvania, is being carried for burial on Phillip Pray's farm. It is earnestly to be hoped that these engagements now in progress will be a finishing blow to the rebellion ; but it is doubtful. "Tho South will never cease fighting till the last man is killed," said a rebel officer, who was taken prisoner. " We have our negroes at home to work for us, and we can afford to continue." There in lies the secret of their obstinate resist ance. The village of Sharpsburg, which will doubtless give its name to the battle, was set on fire, both yesterday and to-day, by shells, and is partly burned, as are also several collections of houses in the neigh borhood. The new nine-months regiments, which were in the action, behaved splendidly, and sustained heavy losses. Among these, the 130th Pennsylvania lost largely in wounded. Our soldiers praise highly the gallantry and determined resistance of the rebels, inany of whom met death without retreat ing a foot. To-day has been chiefly occupied in burying those of the dead nearest our lines, no fighting have been done, except by skirmishers endeavoring to find the position of the enemy. This has been accomplished and by to-morrow a renewal is confidently expected of this fearful scene. The enemy endeavored yesterday to induce an advance upon our part, and, with his usual cunning, turned a quantity of cows into fields in his front, to lead us to suppose that ho had left, and that the farmers had resumed their usual routine. The idea was not bad. We had a number of civilians viewing I iuu ugut ui yusieiuay, among WUOni was a lady of inquiring mind dressed in a Bloom er costume. She was foreign to Maryland soil, and doubtless came from New Eng land. Cor. Phila. Press. A GOOD STORY FROM PRESIDENT LINCOLN. In connection with the President's Proc lamation, a good story is told of u Uncle Abraham" : Sometime last winter, an old clergyman, of Springfield, Illinois, a friend of the Pres ident, came on here, and was tho guest of Mr. Lincoln. Seizing a favorably oppor tunity, the clergyman asked the President, " What, sir, is your policy on the slavery question?" The President was a little dashed by the suddenness of the question, but ho replied, good uaturedly, " Well, your question is rather a cool one, but I - will answer it by telling you a story. You know Father B., the old Methodist preach er ? and you know Fox river, and its fresh ets. Well, once in the presence of Father B., a young Methodist minister, was wor rying about Fox river, and expressing fears that he should be prevented from fulfilling some of his appointments by a freshet in the river. Father B. checked him, in the gravest manner, and gave him a bit of ad vice. Said he, 'Young man, I have always made it a rule in my life not to cross Fox river till I get to it !' " And," said the President, " I am not going to worry myself over the slavery question till I get to it," But the other day, among the deputation, there was a distinguished Meth odist clergyman, who had heard the story just told, and knew of the application made of it by the President. When he was in troduced to Mr. Lincoln, he simply remark ed, "Mr. President, I Lave come to tell you that I think we have got to Fox river." Mr. Lincoln saw the wit of the remark in an instant, and laughed very heartily over it. Was there not good sense in it as well as wit? Thank God ! we have now passed Fox river. GREAT TRUTHS, Good works are not the cause, but the fruit of righteousness. The tree maketh the apple, but not the apple the tree. The strength of pride is the strength of the moment. Vanity serves but to hide from ourselves what we are and what we are not, God has the same knowledge, inspection, and care of every one, as if there was but one. Communion with. God is the great char acteristic of new life in the souK The more Reuses we pretend to make before God, the more we condemn ourselves. tRr- An Irish lawyer lately 'made a political speech, in which ho alluded to Irish cour age after the following style. Said he, "the wicked flee when no man pursueth, but an Irishman would turn at b3y and fight as ooum'as lion. ll) Vinton. FROM THE KANSAS SECOND. Casip Second Kans s Voluxteebs, ) Dar Wood, Sept 26. 1562. I Enrroas TJxiox As many of the member of the Second Kansas hail from the "Western Coun ties, where your paper is largely circulated, and as all your readers feel an interest in the welfare of the Regiment, I will write you a few lines, which, if you think worthy, please give space in the columns of your paper. We are at present camped on Dry Wood, about twelve miles south-east of Fort Seott, and a few miles from the memorable battle-ground, and on the " sacred soil" of Missouri. On the 19th inst, we were all made glad by the arrival of companies A B C and D, com manded by Major Fisk, who for the last six months have been on the plains. They have seen some pretty hard service, escorting trains, pay-masters, tfcc, to and from Sew Mexico, but they came into camp looking fine, with their stock in good condition, and but few men on the sick list which proves that their efficient com mander, Major Fisk, with his early California experience, well understands how to manage things " in the wilderness." Both officers and men speak in the highest terms of his ability, gentlemanly conduct, and soldierly management, and there is not a man in the Second Kansas who does not " take stock" in the " little Major." Detachments from our Regiment are on the march daily, and as we are all mounted, we have to do most of the escort dutyaud reconnoi tering, which keeps us on the march most of the time, and just suits us, as there i3 nothing so tedious to the soldier as quiet camp life. On the 19th inst., a detachment of our Regiment, of which I was a member, consisting of one hun dred men, under command of Captain Russell, and a section of artillery (mounted howitzers), commanded by Lieutenant Stover, with a Lieu tenant and forty men from the First Indian Regimeut, the whole commanded by Colonel Cloud, innrchcd in a Bouth east direction, the object being to ascertain if the enemy waa in force north and west of Springfield. On the 20th, we passed through the town of Lamar, and camped for the night north of Carthage! Here the inhabitants informed us that the enemy, eight thousand Btrong, occupied Carthage, but our scouts soon brought us word that the rumor was without foundation, as thoy could hear nothing from them. We rolled ourselves in our blankets, aud slept soundly until daylight, without being disturbed by friend or foe. We entered Carthage on the morning of the 21st, and I (itm1 tlm fotvii in n f.lA s r.-r.'.l.-,n-n..l n!nn w a wror.ca RH uetwccn fiftcc.n hundred con- federate troops and the Union Indians, com manded by Colonel Ritchie, about fifteen miles west of town. We learned that a young man, belonging to the Confederate arm, had been in town that morning, and informed his friends that the dny before the' had engaged and com pletely routed the Indians, capturing all their transportation and stores, besides cutting them up badly, and that Ritchie was retreating to wards Fort Scott, hotly pursued by them. Colonel Cloud halted his command for several hours, and gave the people to understand that he was the advance of six thousand, that were camped a few miles north of town. He sent his scouts in the direction of the reported fight; but they could find nothing of the enemy, although they found a man that had been taken prisoner the day before by the rebels, and paroled for twenty-four hours,at the expiration of which time he was to report to them at Carthage. It seems that they intended toengageand defeat Ritchie's command, and be in Carthage the next day. But for reasous which we afterwards fonnd to be very good, they did not fullfil their engagement. Colonel Cloud, wishing to render all possible assistance to Colonel Richie, marched rapidly across the' country in a westerly direction, so as to intercept his trail, if he had marched towards Fort Scott, and if followed by the enemy, to fall upon hi3 rear, or if lie was still south, to march immediately to his assistance. On the morniug of the 23d, about four miles north of the crossing of Cow Creek on the military road, we discovered a mounted picket, and upon approaching it found that it belonged to Colonel Ritchie's command, who were camped two miles west, in the timber. As we approached his camp, we found his whole line placed to the best advantage to give us a warm reception, supposing us to be enemies ; but when they learned our true character they seemed over-joyed, and yelled and hoc ted in such a manner that our horses reared and plung ed. . For several minutes their shouts were deaf ening, and to one not accustomed to their mode of rejoicing, truly frightfuL His whole effective force. consisted of about five hundred Indians, of different, tribes, although his camp numbered two thousand or more, mostly women and chil dren, refugees from tribes south of his encamp ment From Colonel Ritchie we got an entirely dif ferent verson of the engagement, for instead of them defeating him, he had completely defeated and routed them with considerable loss. Our lots was thirty killed and wounded, and one wagou captured that was several miles distant fjom camp, after corn. On the 20th, while in camp on Spring river, three miles south of Medocit, the enemy, about eight hundred strong, attacked his camp and completely surprised him, by either capturing or killing all his picket. When the firing com menced, the Indians gave tho -war-whoop and sprang into the brush in the direction of the the enemy. Colonel Ritchie and fan officer tried in vain tc form them, but it was contrary to their mode of 'fighting, and they would not remain in ranks, but with a yell rushed after the enemy, in their own style. After six how's fighting the enemy were completely routed." la this engagement the Indians fought well;hnmdB privilege." . and I believe, that, give them any where near an efial force to contend with and as a general thing they will acquit themselves honorablj, as far as the fighting is concerned. Yet, taking all things into consideration, I think it would be much better if the Government was rid of them altogether. It is certainly much better to have them fight ing for, than against us for fight they will on one side or the other ; and it is the duty of our Government to employ them, not so much for the good they will do in the service, but tho harm they would do out of it. They are a disgrace to the service in one sense, but would cost us the lives of many dear ones at home, avIio are with out protection, if they were out of it : so between two great evils I think that our Government has chosen the least. I say that thoy are a disgrace to the service because they commit crimes that are too dishonorable and disgraceful fer a civil ized nation to sanction. I have it froui 'their own officers that they have in cool blood shot several Union men, simply becausa they rode good horses. And after tho Into fight, they scalped and then mangled in a shocking manner, all of the cnemv'a slain. When the fidit com menced, they had six white prisoners, taken from houses in close proximity to camp, not because they were known to be secessionists, (for the officers informed that the most of them were Union men,) bat for fear they might in some wa- convey information to the enemy. The' were all shot and scalped by the guard. Com ment is unnecessary. But what are we to do with them ? If we discharge and turn them loose, they will butcher our women and child ren ; if we keen them m service thev may kill more rebels than Union men. So, of the two, I think it is policy to retain them. I do not think their white officers arc to blame, for the Indians are unmanageable. They are Indians, and it is impossible to make any thing else of them Government may olotlie, feed, arm, and try to discipline them, but the' will be Indians until they die, and then they will be dead Indians. On the 23d, Colonel Cloud, with a detachment of fifteen white men, and a few Indians, made a rcconnoisance in the direction of Bertus Spring, to see if tho enemy wa3 in force near that point. Captain Russell, with twelve men, nccompained by myself and two white scout (Ben Dickerson and S. Langworthy), and a small party of In diana, marched in an easterly direction for the eame purpose. We crossed Spring river, passed over the late battle-ground. and from inhabitants living in tho vicinity learned that the rebels in force had visited the ground the day before, and buried some of their dead, which had been over looked by Colonel, Ritchie's command, and marched south again, but how far we could not' learn. We had not been on the ground but a few minutes when we discovered a party of rebels making towards us, and soon learned that it was the advance guard of a large force that waa but a few rods in their rear. They soon discovered us, and sent out " feelers " and skir mishers in all directions to ascertain who and what we were. Wc remained until they got a good view of their column, and until they were within a few hundred yards of us, when we slipped off into the woods, and by a circuitous route gained our camp about dark, and informed Colonel Ritchie of the approaching enemy. Here again the Indians proved themselves grand humbugs, for out of twelve hundred fight ing men, Colonel Ritchie could muster but four hundred who were willing, or would fight under any circumstances. Of the two companies of Osages, that mustered over a hundred each, there wa3 but four men for duty, the others being at home, without leave, attending a scalp dance. As Colonel Ritchie had a large train, and other Government property, and so few men to protect it, he very wisely concluded to fall back on Dry Wood, which he did, arriving on the morning of the 25th. Nothing occurred on the march worthy of note, except that when we arrived near camp, we met a party of Indians going the other direc tion, and some of Ritchie's soldiers, wishing to go along, two hundred of them fell in without leave or license, and marched back. They did not regard in the least the orders of their Colonel, who endeavored to get them to follow him G.-eat soldiers, they 1 Colonel Cloud, with his detachment, arrived on the following morning, having been as far south as Baxter's Springs. On his return he fell in with a large party of rebels, supposed to be the same that we saw the day before. They sent out a force to take the Colonel, but he was too old a hand for them, and after drawing them out so as to get a good view of their force, which was about three thousand strong, he returned to camp to make preparations to meet them with sufficient force. We are confident that before many days he will make them pay heavy tolls for travelling over all road3 within one hundred miles of Fort Scott. ju At present, all is quiet around Fort Scott. The First and SccondJJrigades are in the vicin ity of Springfield. I shall not be surprised if we all hare plenty to do in a few days, as the rebels are in force, and advanoing, and say that they are to take Springfield first, then Fort Scott, and Kansas comes next. They may meet with more opposition than they imagine. Time will show. The health of the Regiment le very good '; all are in good spirits, and anxious for the con test. X. A Wim: Satin'O. An English farmer recently remarked that " he fed his land before it "was hungry, rested it before it wa3 weary, and weed ed it before it was foul." Wa have seldom, if ever, seen -so much agricultural wisdom con densed into a single sentence. . ET-fiome one blamed 3Ir.JMarch for changing his mind. " Well," said he, " that, is the differ, ence between a maa and a jackasa ; the jackass can't change his mind .and a- man ctn it's a Vol. I.-:N"o. 51. GENERAL ORDERS HO. 1. IIeadqiurtets Xortoeex Division, Kansas State Militia, Leavenworth. Sept. 24 '62. 1. By virtue of a commission fppni the Gov. ernor and Ccrainander-in-Chief, dated Topeka, September lltb, 1SG2; and Special Order No. 10, from Mxjor General Stone, the undersigned hereby assumes eontrcl of the organization of the Northern Division of the Kansas Stato Militia. 2. Having in view solely tho welfare of the State, its protection against enemies, foreign and domestio, the defense of our heroes and firesides against armed rebels on the East and South, and Indian encroachments on the West, the commanding General earnestly enjoins that all white male citizens of the Northern Division without further dolay. form themselves into military companies as indicated by the law of the State, take and subscribe the required oath, elect oliicers, and report such organization with a cop of the company roll to these Head quarters in order that commissions may at once be obtaiued, - preparatory to Battalion, Regimental and Brigade organizations. o. In accordance with the Proclamation of the Governor, It is recommended th-tt Saturday of each week be set apart for drill and ma. ncuver in the respective branches of the service to which compar.ies m.iy belong, and that they thus prepare themselve for the use of such arms as may be furnished by the military authorities of the State. 1. The following staff officers are hereby announced : II. B. Dcnraan to be Division Quartermaster, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. James P. Roy to bo Assistant Engineer-in-Chief, with the rank of Licutenaut Coloal- R. A. Barker to bs AidHle Camp, with tho rank of Major. F. H. Drenning to bo Aid-dc camp, with tho rank of Major. George A. Eddy to be Division Inspector, and Assistant Adjutant General, with the rank of Lioutcnant Colonel. 5. 1 heso Headquarters are hereby establish ed at Leavenworth. JOHN A5 II ALDER MAN, Major General Northern Division Kansas Stata Militia. WHERE LOYALTY ABOUNDS. Wc have been much interested, during the past week, in looking over several ta-. bles prepared by the Census Office, showing the extent of popular education in each. State of the Union, and also tho number and circulation of newspaper and period U cals of each State, It is has been proposed to prepare a map of the United States, which should indicate the loyal' States by white ground, the various conditions of. partial loyalty, conditional Union, etc., by shading of different depths, according to the preponderance of loyalty or disloyalty. Such a map .could not indicate with moro perfect acciiracy the condition of each Sttte. than do the tables of which wc speak Wherever there is a good system of com mou schools, well sustained, the people am loyal; where there are no common schooIs or very few, and those stigmatized, as they are in Virgiuia, as for " poor children,'' und every one who attends them, recorded. as a pauper's child, disloyalty prevails This comparison need not be made between, the old States in New England and New York and the old Southern States alone, though the contrast theie is so strongly marked as to astonish any one who was not previously aware of it 5 but it is as striking between the newer States of the North as between the older. Take, for example, Mississippi and Wis consin, both possessing nearly tho same population, and the former the older State ; but of these, Wisconsin has more than tea times as many in her schools, and expends more than ten times as much for their ed ucation as Mississippi. We need not spealc of the results. lut this samo guage indi cates the existence of partial loyal. Alabama has a moderately successful school organization in operation, and has about four times as many children in schools as Mississippi, and expends about four times as much. The population of tho State is probably about one-half lo)al. So of North Carolina and South Carolina. Tho old North State h&3 done (something for tha education of the masses South Carolina, nothing; the one is partially loyal, the other wholly secession. The newspaper statistics tell the samo story. To say nothing of the greatly infe rior character, both as to literature and morals, of the Southern press, the number of papers and their circulation are immeas urable below those of the loyal States. Henceforth, when, wo arc insulted by tho secession prints with taunts of ignorance, vulgarity, etc., it will be sufficient to tho Educational Tables of the Censue, to show where the intelligence of the masses is found, and to show that intelligence and loyalty go hand in hand. The population of the Free States is, in round numbers, about 22,000,000, to 6,000,000 in tho Slave States ; but five-sixths of the children in tho schools are in the schools of the Free States, and mora than five-sixths of the amount expended for popular education is expended by the Free States. Examiner. Courage- Mere physical insensibility to danger does not constitute courage. Nearly all brave men have .been finely organized, and therefore of nervous tern perament. Caesar waa nervous; so jwas Bonaparte, and so was Nejsn. The Duke of Wellington saw a man turn pale as ho marched up to a battery. u That," aud he is a brave man ; he knows his danger, bat faces it." a-If the rebels feared the Devil as much as they do a gunboat theremignl bo some hope of their turaior.Chr&tians. aaiaiT ' "