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The Smoky Hill and Republican union. (Junction City, Kan.) 1861-1864, February 07, 1863, Image 2

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JUNCTION, KANSAS,
THEIR PURPOSES.
"We confess astonishment that Forts Warren
and Lafayette are not brought into exercise
as often, at least, as the safety of our Govern
ment demands. Indeed, when we consider the
peril that surrounds the Nation.it is a matter of
astonishment that the haller is not brought
into requisition while such rebels as Yailax
xiigham, and followers, exist in the North.
We feel grieved at the tendency of things;
not that we doubt the ultimate result for we
have faith in our cause, however much the
weakness of man may impede but that rebels
and rebel sympathizers arc afforded the same
protection due loyal men, we consider but a
mockery of that which we are fighting to sus
tain. When men can get np in the halls of
Congress, and with perfect safety argue a
division of the loyal States, and a reorgani
zation, excluding New England, to gratify the
rebels and denouncing those in charge of the
Government as traitors free speech becomes
a farce, and grounds given to believe that a
rebel is as good as a patriot. We desire that
a distinction be made. Otherwise, there will
be no grounds for hope, confidence will fade
away, and all w ill soon be lost.
We say we are astonished that the Admin
istration should allow the Copperheads of the
North to go on undisturbed in their unholy
task of arraying a party against the Govern
mentof disturbing that unity which is essen
tial to success. There can be no mistaking
their purposes. They are as foul and damna
ble as the rebellion they seek to aid.
The part that our Representative, Conway,
has taken in these efforts to obstruct the Gov
ernment, is humiliating to every citizen of the
State. Kansas, that entered the fight with
Freedom on her banners, and whose people
have exhibited unequalled devotion and forti
tude, is basely betrayed in that hour in which
her long-desired policy is being adopted as
that of the Nation. Mr. Conway has made a
speech in the House of Representatives, which
will do more to encourage the rebels than any
thing else that has been said in Congress.
His speech was an effort to prove that ,; subju
gation is impossible, compromise undeniable,
and separation inevitable." There might be
eome extenuation for a slave-driver in giving
utterance to such language, but that it should
come from one whose radicalism was ahead of
all others, is strange. If not an enemy to the
Government, he is certainly a coward.
The Legislature should denounce such action
on the part of our Representative. Let Martin
F. Conway sink into oblivion with the seal of
condemnation on his brow.
OUR TOPEKA CORRESPONDENCE.
Toi'kka, Kansas, Feb. 4, 1803.
Editors Union: Since your hurried transit
by this cheerful spot, I cannot say that any
very stirring event has transpired. Pay fol
low eth night, and wind followcth storm contin
ually around these historic precincts. This is
the place where it blew, and then it suae, and
then it their, aad then it blew again 2ik Is a
lovely climate about two feet thick always.
There are cheerful institutions in iirK ! so
ciables, festivals, dances and billiards; also
several other festive institutions a tiger show
and an exhibition of Albinos, or children of
the White Eye. The Legislature is not much
of a show. There are only a few baboons,
and those are rather small. That is, there is
no great amount of gas about it ; pretty solid
body; very intelligent and earnest, and a hard
working set of men.
And they need to be. When the State owes
S195,000, and the Territorial debt of $80,000 is
coming up for settlement, and the U. S. tax of
$71,000 must be paid, and we know not what
demands will be made on our finances during
the next year; at a time, too, when Railway
Systems are to be devised, Public Institutions
located when a State House ought to be built
and agents sent to look after our sick and
wounded soldiers ; and bridges are to be erect
ed, and salt works and manufactories fostered;
at such times the best brains and nerves and
backbone we have ought to be used.
Now the first thing is finance. The first thing
in that is, the taxes. It may well be a matter
of pride to the Western Counties that they
have responded so fully and promptly to the
call of the State. Dickinson is square, Davis
nearly if not quite, Riley ditto, Lyon ditto, and
other frontier counties in a Bimilar condition;
while Leavenworth, Douglas, Atchison and
other populous and prosperous counties, which
are making vast gains from the war, although
we are losing our young men by enlistments,
present the shameful contrast of "paid 33 per
cent," "delinquent 66 per cent' For so these
average.
That same Douglas county that ever has re
fused to pay her share of the tax, when she
could do so with impunity that county which
is -the home of Lane and Robinson, of Stevens
and Morrow ; and which sends to every Legis
lature one or more men foisted into office by
fraudulent ballots, and which claims to have
Senators, Governors, the State Capitol, the
University, the Railroad system, and the Mili
tary Organization spring from her limits that
county is here in full force. Mr. Beam seems
to be an honest man ; but Mr. Thorp has proven
enough fradulent voting to convince the Senate
that he ought to be removed. And to-day the
sentencc-of expulsion was pa3scd on the vic
tim of Douglas county machinations, and the
intended victim is duly installed.
And Douglas county is striving for the Uni
versity too. 'Her lobby, including Messrs.
Leggett, Blood, Ludingtoa and Horton, are
planning every way to force a result on the
State that the people do aot wish. What they
fail to effect in the House, is to be attempted in
the Senate. What cannot be done fairly is to
be done obliquely. False rumors are circulated,
bullying and bravado are resorted to, and I
shall be greatly deceived if I do not have some
thing to reveal in my next.
The prospect seems fair, however, that the
State University will be located at Emporia;
that the Agricultural College will go to Man
hattan. Other public institutions are claimed
for Wyandot and Baldwin City, etc. Whether
these locations will be made, or whether all
will be postponed a year is uncertain.
Railroad matters are simmering. The Lane
Bill is not satisfactory to all, nor can any
practical system be devised that would be. The
counties next to Missouri are uncompromisingly
hostile to the next tier west; while the eleven
Henderson Amendmet representatives will nev
er combine with the ten Atchison and Western
road men. Nor do the nine Leavenworth del
egates agree with either. Ii seems that this
vexing question is put, on the table by common
consent, while the finances of the State arc
under consideration.
The Western members arc winning credit by
the sensible course they pursue. They are all
quiet, working members, except, perhaps, Sen
ator Strickler, who is not always quiet. How
ever his speeches are never long. Brief and
to the point, his remarks are always heard with
attention. The West has a reliable delegation
and need not fear that her interests will suffer
in their hands. NIX.
FREE SCHOOLS.
It is to be feared that some persons do not suf
ficiently value Public Schools. They may place
a somewhat higher estimate upon schools in
general ; they may be the friends of education ;
but they choose to have the whole matter left to
the discretion of parents, and not thrown, as a
burden, upon the whole community. This view
of education formerly prevailed ; but a gradual
change has been wrought in public sentiment,
and it is now deemed wise to lay a tax upon the
whole community for the support of Free Schools.
I think this system is an excellent one, and
should commend itself to all wise and benevo
lent statesmen, and to all good patriots. In this
country, we attach great importance to democrat
ic principles. We insist upon it that the mass of
the people shall rule. Cotton is not king ; mon
ey is not king ; learning is not king ; social
position is not king ; but we, the people, are the
sovereigns. Directly or indirectly, we will make
and unmake the laws according to our pleasure.
In this foundation of our political institutions,
we will submit to no dictation from an' quarter.
It is thus evident that our Government will be
wise or unwise just according to the degree of
intelligence and moral virtue in the great mass
of the community. It is not enough that we
have a few, or even a considerable number of
wise and able men among us. They may be
overruled by an ignorant and depraved com
munity. Even a small number of unprincipled
men may hold the balance of power between
contending political parties. Thus there can be
no real safety to republican institutions, only as
the great mass of the people understand and ex
ercise the rights which belong to them under our
form of government. Hence it clearly follows
that all men should be educated. The public
welfare demands Free Schools. It is distinctly
for the good of the State that all citizens should
be able to read and write ; for unless they are
able to do this, they cannot intelligently exercise
the elective franchise. Wo then have just the
same right to tax all the community for the sup
port of Free Schools that we have to tax them
for any other purpose that most obviously con
duces to the public welfare. It is not true, them
that parents alone arc responsible for the educa
tion of their children, and have a right to do as
they please in the matter. They are but parts
of the Nation ; and thus they, and all others, are
bound to pursue such a course as will (end to the
general good.
But let us look at Free Schools in another light.
Some great man has said (and I suppose justly)
that " knowledge is power." If a common
school education is left merely to the will of par
ents, the result will usually be that only a
portion of all the children will receive an edu
cation. Some parents are so poor that they cannot
bear the expense of private schools. Other pa
reats, being somewhat ignorant or vicious them
selves, will not feel the importance of an education
for their children. Thus we shall soon hare a
community in which ignorance, and its usual
concomitant, vice, will become more or less
prevalent. On the other hand, the educated
children will hold a much higher social position.
Thus we shall soon have two distinct classes in
the community. Everything will rapidly tend
towards an aristocracy. We shall be divided.
There will be separate and clashing interests.
And there will be great danger that between
these opposite factions, the Nation will be rained.
In fact, a monopoly of learning b one of the
most dangerous monopolies that can exist. To
guard against it, we should do all in our power
to place our children on a perfect level ; at least
so far as literary advantages arc concerned. Let
them attend the same school ; let them be re
warded according to their real merits ; Jet them
play together ; let them all understand that they
must depend, not upon the wealth or learning of
their parents, but upon their own exertions, for
their position in society. It is a somewhat
remarkable fact, that many of our greatest and
best men have been raised up, from what are
considered the humbler walks of life. Our form
of government strongly tends to develop the
best heart and intellect of the country. It is our
wisdom to cherish and not to counteract this
tendency. Our safety, under Providence, con
sists in elevating the masses of the people to a
high common level. Let the aeheolmasUr go
abroad everywhere ; let the schoolhoase doors be
thrown wide open to every child ; let tTry man
and every woman help forward the good cause of
virtuous and universal education, and we shall
be a united and prosperous people.
A Free School in Junction is very necessary.
Many of our people are poor. Several families
have moved into the place, specially for the pur-1
pose of giving their children such an education!
as Uiey could not precursor thenun their former ,
eeraded homes. It would be cruel to disappoint
them, in their cherished hopes. If" the school
tax, jast at present, is somewhat of a burdea,
remember it is not half so great a burden as
would soon be imposed npoa us by the vices of
children, growing out of their ignorance. A
good Free School is one of the cheapest institu
tions in the land. W. T.
MIDDLE AND WESTERN KANSAS.
Eds. Union : Being a resident of Middle Kan
sas, near Fort Riley, since 1853, I claim the
privilige of writing for your paper a series of
articles on the climate, health, extent, natural
resources, obstacles, adaptation, openings for set
tlement, difficulties to be encountered, causes of
the country being sparsely settled, and mode of
farming and the result of the same.
Believing that the true mode of devoloping a
country is to give to the public a correct state
ment of facts, I shall endeayor to do it, though
it may be unpalateable to some.
EXTENT.
Kansas is four hundred in length from east to
west, and about two hundred in breadth. East
era Kansas may properly be said to extend from
a line drawn north and south through the Potta
wattomie Reserve to the eastern limits of the
State, while Middle Kansas is that tract lying
west of this line, and extending one hundred
and eighty miles to a line running north and
south through the main forks of the Solomon
river and south towards Fort Larned to the
Arkansas.
CLIMATE.
The climate is a vast improvement on almost
any of the Western States. Our winters are
mild, lasting usually only about three months,
with but few cold days, and little wet and mud.
The summer is long, while the nights are cool.
We have in the fall, winter and spring, at times,
high and disagreeable winds, but these winds so
disagreeable to us, are not half so bad for cither
people or stock as the rain and mud all over the
Western States.
Taken as a whole this vast tract is well sup
plied with excellent limestone water, as it is cut
from side to side with numerous branches of the
Republican, Solomon, Saline, Smoky Hill, Kan
sas, Neosho and Arkansas rivers. A very large
proportion of this entire tract is most bountifully
supplied with the best of limestone rock, well
adapted for fencing or building purposes. The
6tone crops out on the brow of almost every
knoll and little ravine, apparently inviting the
hand of energy to put them in buildings and
proper fences.
The timber of Middle Kansas may be regarded
as scarce ; but time will show that its numerous
creeks, cutting the prairies in every direction,
and all more or less wooded, will quite well
supply the country with all necessary for fuel
and building purposes. The traveler, taking a
birds-eye view of this section, ses but a very
small amount of the timber ; for the reason that
it is concealed in the valleys and among the
hills of the creeks. There is one fact becoming
more and more patent every day, and that is,
that the ease with which stone can be had here,
will very soon place wooden fences and build
ings at a great discount. Hence the supply of
timber will be ample to meet all necessary wants,
son,.
The soil of Middle Kansas is much the same
as the eastern portion of the State, except that
the very hilly portions are more stony, and the
vjllies far more extensive and rich. The Repub
lican, the Solomon, the Saline, to not notice the
numerous creeks with most beautiful valley land,
have each a tract of rich, level bottom lands,
ranging from one to four miles in width. And
while you find some hilly, rocky land, still the
divides between the streams are generally roll
ing prairies, well suited to agricultural purposes.
A very large proportion of these lands are still
open to settlement In my next I shall show
why they have not been settled, what are their
adaptation, the obstacles in the way, how to
remove them, ifcc, H.
The Leavenworth, Pawnee & Western Railroad.
The Washington correspondent of the
St. Louis Republican remarks that Mis
souri is greatly injured by the order of the
President, which fixes the guage of the
Pacific Railroad at five feet. The guage of
the road through Jencrson City west is
four feet eight aud a half, and thus the coo
nectton will be broken at Kansas City.
Thd same writer, evidently against his
will, admits the fine prospects of the Kan
sas Company. He says: "Ibe Leaven
worth, Pawnee and Western Railway Com
pany is upon the best financial footing, and
has better pecuniary prospects than ever
before marked the initial of a railroad com
pany in this country.
" Interest upon the bonds held by the
Indians in payment for their lands, is now
overpaid for some time, and the company
is deriving a heavy surplus revenue, which
it is expending in constructing the road.
" The construction of all the road is con
tracted for with Messrs. Ross, Steel & Co.,
formerly large contractors on Canada rail
roads, who have now entered upon the
work, and expect to have ninety miles com
pleted to Fort Riley by the end of the
present year. Contracts have been made
for the rails with manufacturers in Penn
sylvania. All the bridges required are also
contracted or with parties in Michigan, who
will work them out in the pineries, and
ship them allready to be put up.
The Price of Printing Paper. The
Philadelphia North American says : Print
ing paper of ordinary quality sells at this
moment from 20 to 23 cents a pound. Its
legitimate price is about 9 cents. Between
the price of paper materials and the manu
factuied articles there is nothing like ade
quate proportion. A large commission
house this week received af consignment of
rags from Havana. Knowing the exhor
bitant price of paper, he expected to realize
a handsome return to the consigners. He
visited successively all the paper makers in
this section of country, and corresponded
with those more distant The utmost he
could obtain for them was 5 cents per
pound. AH the paper mills are stocked
with material ; waste paper has been throws)
upof the market by thousands of tows; aad
yet the price of paper is kept up by'speoV
lation, or something else, to 22 cents per
pound. Here is a mystsrv that requires
explanation. Whowill give it ? ?
The Kiss's bglish. 1
Lately, in out leisure readings, we fovnd
a piece of eloquent English,, which, we kere
copy r
"These communities, (the thiiteea colonies )
by their representatives in old Independence
Hall, said to the world of men: We hold these
(ruths to b self-evident, that oilmen are born equal;
that they are endowed by their Creator with inalien-.
able rights ; that among these are life, liberty and
the pursuit of happiness !' This was their majes
tic interpretation of the economy of the -universe
This was their lofty, and wise, and
noble understanding of the justice of the Cre
ator 'to his creatures. Yes, gentleman, to all
his creatures, to the ichole great family of man.
In their enlightened belief, nothing stamped
with the divine image and likeness was sent
to be trodden on, and degraded, and imbruted by Us
felloics. They grasped not only the race of men
then living, but they reached forward, and.
seized upon the furtherest posterity. They
created a beacon to guide their children, and
their children's children, and the countless
myriads who should inhabit the other ages.
Wise statesmen as they were, they knew the
tendency of prosperity to breed tyrants; and
so they established these great self-evident
truths, that when, in the distant future, some
man, some interest, gome faction, should set up the
doctrine that none but rich men, or none but
white men, or none but Anglo-Saxon white men,
were entitled to life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness, their posterity might look up again to
the JJeclaration of Independence, and take courage
TO kexew THE BATTLE which their fathers began;
so that Tbcth and Justice and Merct, and all
the HUMXE AND CHRISTIAN' VIRTUES, might not
be extinguished from the land; so that no man
would hereafter dare to limit and circumscribe
the great principles on which the Temple of Liberty
was being built."
These words were spoken by a man who
was born in poverty ; whose youth was
denied the hopeful privilege of education ;
whose early manhood was spent in the
seVero task of clearing new land ; who by
the sweat of his brow gave to labor its hon
orable crown; and who) having neither
riches, nor learning, nor position, but hav
ing simply the qualities of a noble Man,
learned thus to value men for their simple
manhood; to believe in equality, because,
standing low himself, it was a doctrine that
lifted him to a rightful level with the high ;
to believe in liberty, because be felt within
his own breast that this was God's law for
the progress of mankind.
The same pen, at a later day, rote a
shorter passage of equal eloquence, aud
which will never die out of the English
tongue, or out of the history of the world.
It stands as follows :
" I do order and declare that alt, persons
ueld as sl vves within said designated states
and parts of states, are, axd henceforward
shall be, FREE !
S S "-
"And, upon this act, sincerely believed to be
an act of justice, warranted by the Constitu
tion, upon military necessity, I invoke the
considerate judgment of mankind and the gra
cious favor of Almighty God. '
The first passage which we quoted was
from an argument in which Abraiiam
Lincoln some years ago vanquished Steph
en A. Douglas j the second (need we men
tion its source f) is from that last great
argument with which be is finally to con
quer the Slaveholder's Rebellion. The jr.
l. Independent.
GENERAL NEWS ITEMS.
A dispatch from Cairo, dated Jan. 29th,
says, The Mississippi flotilla and land forces
under Gen. McClernand are now in the
vicinity of Vicksburg. A part of the land
forces have landed five miles below the
mouth of the Yazoo river, on the Louisiana
side, and are opening the canal cut last
summer. The river is now full enough to
pour a good volume of water through the
cut. As soon as an opening is made a few
days will determine its value. Our gun
and mortar boats can apprcach near enough
to shell the city, if that will be of any ben
efit. Gen. Grant left Memphis on the 27tb
for the army below. lie was accompanied
by an army division.
Col. Harrison telegraphs from Fayette
ville the success of a scout just returned
from Van Buren, having captured the Judy
Roan and 300 prisoners, about 200 of
whom were paroled. The scout consisted
of 150 men of the 1st Ark. Cavalry, and
10th Illinois Cavalry, under command of
Lieut. Col. Stewart, No loss on our side.
On that of the enemy two killed and sev
eral wounded.
An enthusiastic Union demonstration
took place at Fayetteville, Arkansas, on
the 27th ult. Over 1000 loyal citizens
were present. Fifteen heme guard compa
nies were organized and will be accounted
as Arkansas State militia. Hundreds of
the people have signed a petition to Con
gress to order fin election for a member of
ims oiaie. xae piiizeua uaviug arms in
their possession have delivered them up to
be used in defence of their home.
Advices from Mexico confirm the report
ed defeat of 4,000 French, under General
Berlhier. by 800 Mexicans. It occurred
in a fog ot 2 o'clock, on Dec. 18. The
French were completely routed.
The Mexican General Algrete, with 10,
000 men, made a sortie from Puebls, and
attacked a French division 14,000 strong
at Actsote, eight leagues from Puebla, rout
ing tne latter. Toe Jb rencn communication
was almost cut off. Jalapa and Tampico
are abandoned by them.
General Burnsidc on the 28th ult., in
formally tendered bis resignation as officer
ef the army. The President asked him
not to press its acceptance, inasmuch as
there was other work to do. Burnside re
plied, that whatever such work might be,
be hoped it might soon be assigned him.
He was willing to take any command, how
ever small, or do any duty, but he was
unwilling to wear shoulder straps and draw
pay when doing nothing.
The U. S. steamer Aurora on ths 10th
inst. captured the English steamer Rising
Dawn with a cargo of' 2638 bushels of salt,
and a large quantity of lucifer matches,
soap, candles, and gunny bags. She was
from Nassau and trying to run the blockade.
, The XT. S. steaner Ottawa, on the 21st,
captured the schooner Peterman, with 90
bales of cotton, trying to run out of
Charleston.
On the 8 th, the steamer Tropic, formerly
the Huntress, of Charleston, while attempt
ing to run the blockade, was destroyed by
fire j her crew and passengers were saved
by boats from the Quaker City.
m m m
From Washington.
Minister Cameron will soon resign, and
Cassius M. Clay will return to Russia, in
accordance with a promise made by the
President months ago, in esse Cameron
should resign..
Cameron has asked the War Department
to assign him to the command of an Afri
can Brigade,
Conway's speech in the House denouncing
Lincoln, and prophesying the success of the
pro-slavery Democracy at the next presiden
tial election, was an effort of remarkable
power and force, and commanded universal
attention. Members from all parts of the
House were clustering around him. It
took the broadest, radical anti-slavery
grounds, was merciless in exposing the
shortcomings or the Administration, The
fact that Lovejoy objected to allowing him
extra time to finish his speech, is a good
indication of the feelings of the Republicans
as a party entertained of the policy of eay
ing such things, and to the tendency of his
teachings. The speech, however, will chal
lenge general attention as a production of
remarkable vigor. I he three points of the
speech were, that conquest is impossible,
compromise undeniable, separation mcvita
ble.
Senator Wilson introduced an important
bill, providing for the organization of a
volunteer force for the several b tales, to be
called National Guards of the United States,
to consist of 200 regiments of 12 compa
nies, each company of 100 men, divided
among the States pro rata. Enlistments
can embrace men between the ages of 21
and 45 vears, citizens of the United States.
A ny part of this force may be ordered into
the s2rvice of the United States by the
President dunug any war, invasion, or re
bcllion.
The Committee on the conduct of the
war was authorized to inquire into the cir
cumstances of the recent successful inter-
meddling of General Franklin and his
officers wi'h Burnside's plans, by which
the President was induced to countermand
a forward movement.
The War Power.
Grosvenor P. Lowrey, Eq., of the New
York Bar, has published an able answer to
the sophistical pamphlet of Judge Curtis
on the War Power. His conclusions arc
tersely and summarily stated as follows :
"First, Abraham Lincoln, as Commander-in-Chief
iu time of war, embodies all the
executive war powers of the nation. Sec
ond, These powers are extra-constitutional,
having their origin in the nature of things,
and are recognized as an established code by
all civilized nations. Third, Principal among
them, is the right to cud war and obtain
security for the future, by destroying the
cause of the war. Fourth, The Proclama
tion in question is intended to have that
effect, and is considered necessary to that
end by the nation, speaking through its
supreme military authority. Fifth, The
ownership of slaves is to be distinguished
from the right to own slaves. Sixth, The
former was not one of the constitutional
relations which bound this people, and
therefore, to destroy the ownership of slaves
will not render a restoration of the Union,
under the Ccnstitution as it is, impossible,
any more than the destruction of the own
ership of horses will have that effect.
Seventh, The military power, acting through
emancipation, does not pretend to destroy
the legal right to own slaves, and i3 not,
therefore, obnoxious to the charge of annul
ling or repealing state laws. Eighth, It is
not against the laws of war to do a neces
sary act, even though it is possible, or in
extreme cases of necessity even probable,
that some unhappy consequences may come
to innocent persons. Ninth, It is by no
means a necessary consequence of freeing
slaves that harm shall come to non-combatants
and innocents; and such accidental
result, should it ensue, will be chargeable
solely upon the enemy who might have
averted it. Tenth, In short, the right to
free all persons held as slaves in rebellious
states, on the 1st of January, 1983, is a
valid war power ; it is one necessary to be
exercised j and its exercise is not forbidden
by the Constitution or the laws of war."
From the South-Wert.
The steamer Ruth arrived at Cairo, on
the 28th ult. Troops are been daily trans
ferred to Wayne3port and sent to Milliken'a
Bend. General Grant was expected to
leave on the 27th. Gen. Joe Johnson has
command of the whole Western Depart
ment, and is massing an immense force at
Vicksbnrg, and in an emergency it is be
lieved he can concentrate 150,000 men in
its defence. The rebels are determined to
stake everything in their endeavor to hold
that place and Fort Hudson, and keen onen
the communication to Louisiana. Arkansas.
and Texas. The fortifications at Port Hud
son are complete. The rebels feel great
confidence in their ability to hold these two
strong points. The latest advices from
McClernand and the squadron say they had
reached Young's Point, twenty miles above
Vicksburg.
m m
W Information has been received in
Washington that the Central Railroad, from
San Francisco to Nevada, will be carried on
to success. Out of three millions of sub
scriptions required, four hundred thousand
were got in Sacramento in one day. Two
million dollars are set down as the share of
San Francisco. The yearly coat of freights
to Washoe, in Nevada, is estimated at six
millions. The entire length of the railroad
wsll be two hundred and seventy miles, and
the highest grades over the mountains will
be eighty feet to the mile. The road is to
be part and parcel of the great Pacific
Railroad.
STETTADLR k BROTHER'S
NEW YORK STORE,
fjorncr of intra ana jeiaicare or.,
LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS
Have just received a full assortment of
GtEjST
F.&1CI DRESS GOODS!
KID GLOVES, HOSIERY, NOTIONS, Ac,
Which e offer to the Public at the
Lowest Cash. IPrices !
0
TO WHOLESALE BUYERS
We would only say, one of our firm, being con
stantly in New York, we are enabled to keep
np the best selected stock west of St. Louia,
and buying
Exclusively Tor Cash,
we can eell Goods cheaper than any other
House in the Western Country,
The constant demand on us for Goods from
Country Merchants, has induced us to
open an exclusive
Wholesale Department,
Which enables us to
FILL ANY ORDER!
ENTRUSTED TO OUR CARE.
STETTAT7ER & BRO-,
NEW YORK STORE,
Corner Delaware & Third Sts., Leavenworth.
EXCITEMENT
I N
nornnnM ynifuo
1WU1 MHMfe
Something New!
tub maun i
HENRY GANZ
t AS JUST RECEIVED AT THE
Big Stone Store
HIS NEW STOCK OF FALL GOODS
COMPRISING ALL THE ARTICLESjp
USUALLY KEPT IN A
IT
He invites particular attcntiou to his splendid
stock of
READY MADE CLOTHING,
direct from New York City.
He flatters himself that he has now on hand
THE NEWEST AND BEST STOCK OF
GOODS IN THIS LINE IN WEST
ERN KANSAS.
comprising the VERY LATEST STYLES, which
in view of the II AUD TIMES, he offers at tho
V&Y LOWEST CASH PRICES ! ';
lie has the mobt complete stock of
ever offered in this market. Among the end.
less variety of articles will he found plenty of
staples, such as
PRINTS, DENIMS, TICKINGS. SAT-
INETS. DOMESTICS, STRIPES,
CAS1MERES, JEANS, Ac
And Other Goods in This Lint.
Also :
HOSIERY, HATS AND CAPS.
Ilia GROCERY DEPARTMENT is up to the
fullest standard, and comprises
SUGARS, MOLASSES, SOAPS, FISH,
CANDLES, TEAS, COFFEE,
TOBACCO, OILS,
DRIED FRUITS AND SPICES,
Hiard and Bacon,
SALT BY THE SACK OR BARREL.
SCHOOL BOOB'S, SLATES AND
STATIONERY!
JOUX WII.SOM.
STEWART HASTINGS, J.
WILSON & HASTINGS,
Formerly John Wilson Co.
"Wholesale and Retail
Dealers in
HaUWAlE k CDTLEBY
Iron, Steel, Nails,
CIRCULAR SAWS,
RUBBER BELTING
No. 23 Delaware blrect,
LEAVENWORTH, - KANSAS
IiIIE ATTENTION OF BUYERS IS
Invited to our Stock, which will be found
as complete as any in the West; and we art
determined that in the matter of
Q-A.TJUTY AND IRICES,
No firm west of St Louis shall give
imntooisfBiuHiW!
WiU pay particular attention to
Orders from the Country
Filling them Promptly rnd Faithfully,
rnr Remember the place and address
WILSON & HASTINGS,
No 23 Delaware St bet. Mala & Second.
R. J3. Lockwood,
CLERK OF THE DISTRICT
COURT FOR MORRIS
COUNTY.
Office at the Post Ofice In Couneil (J rote, KaJ.
TS'
III GOODS'
WfiO

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