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THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TV NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE- FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION.5
JUNCTION CITY, JCAISTSAJS, SATURDAY, FEBEUAEY 14, 186a
Snolqf ill a5 fml's 1km
rUBUEHE3 EVERr 8VTCEDAY MORNING BY
Wif . S. BLAKELY, - - - GEO. TV. MARTIN,
-A.t Jtmctioix City, Kansas.
OFFICE IX BRICK BUILDING. CORNER OF
SEVhXTli fc WASHINGTON St'.
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A GOVERNMENT CONTRACT BROKEN.
BY It. S. DA VI5!.
" Please, sir, give me a penny ?"
"No, you little rascal, you would only
V-uy a cigar with it." and Mr. Prigly passed
on hurriedly down the street, muttering to
himself, " what a nuisance these beggars
are; a person can't walk the streets without
running against rags."
Mr. Priglcy is hut a type of the many
men who have been made wealthy by this
war. A few years ago he was known only
as Prijrlev, the ward nolitirMnn - nmr
:uy, iuu wara politician : now.
friends swarm around Mr. Prigley, the
contractor, anu strangers regard him with
that peculiar reverence which wealth in
spires. Jfe hnd, by some mysterious in
fluence, best understood in Washington,
secured several Government contracts. Al
though never a business man, or professing
the slightest knowledge of cloth or clothing,
ho has already furnished thousands of over
coats for tho soldiers, whether for protection
or ventilation, inquire at the army hospitals.
it was the morning after Christmas thnt finer
the above dialogue took place. Mr. Prig- f-j"
icy uavmg received a dispatch that another
contract had been awarded him, vas hurry
ing dowu to his counting-room to mako the
necessary arragements for its execution.
"Teu thousand overcoats," he said to himself-
" There's fifty thousand dollars, cer
tain. I believe I will buy Dora that neck
lace, though ten thousand is mighty steep
for such a gimcrack."
" Please, sir. give mc a penny," inter--sfupted
his meditations. Before him stood
a little boy, scantily clad, his face pinched
with the cold, and his little toes courting
the sidewalk through wide gaping shoes.
Ihcre was something honest in his face.
It was not begrimed with dirt, but clear
blue eye., timidly raised, told of a life
j-lrugijle which, fur one so young, was sad,
indeed. It seemed that his thin, cold
band, held out so imploringly, could not
be turned away empty by those who had
the wherewith to give.
Mr. Prigley did not stop, but looking
fiercely at tho boy passed on with the re
marc, " No, you little rascal, you would
only buy a cigar with it." It was not
because of the value of a cent that Mr.
Prigley refused the charity. He had plenty
of greenbacks and penuies ; but it was cold,
his coat was buttoned, tho pennies were in
his vest pocket; besides, ho was in a hurry.
Somebody else would give the boy a penny,
so it would be all the same in tho long run.
Thus quieting his conscience, for it was
with some difficulty that he could prevent
that little imploring face from coming be
fore his mind, he lit a fresh cigar, and
hastened to hid counting-room, where he
busied himself all the morning in counting
over past, and calculating future, gains.
In the afternoon, as he passed up Chest
nut street, arm-in-arm with ono of his
friends, talking very intently upon the war,
and tho effect of the proclamation, he was
interrupted in the midst of a beautiful de
scription of the triumph of freedom by
" Please give me a penny ?"
" I declare if that isn't the same boy I
met this morning,' exclaimed l'ngley,
turning towards the child whose teeth chat
tered with the cold.
" Boy, what is your name ?"
" Tom Green, sir."
"Where.do you live ?"
" I livo with mother. Father has gone
to war, and mother sews."
Where does your mother live, then ?"
"No. 6 Hampden court, in Farmer's
Having propounded these questions,
Prigley drew from his pocket a penny, and
tossing it to the boy, remarked to his com
panion " I make it a rule never to give to beg
gars. It is only encouraging vice and
laziness. Let people work as I do, and
then there won't be any poverty or beg-
"Oh ! oh !?' rejoined his friend, "Prig
ley, that is a good joke ! You contractors
icork very bard. Living off1 the Govern
ment and the soldier must require a great
deal of exertion."
Prigley, wishing to divert his ridicule,
replied, "there is one thing ceitain, that
the poor, especially the women,' have had
more-work since this war commenced than
Granted," replied his friend, "bui-that
is do reason that they receive better wages.
Come, now, how much do you give for
making one of those Government coats of
" A half a dollar, and plenty of takers,"
answered Prigley, giving his Havanna an
extra puff as if a huge volume of smoke
was indicative ofhis liberality.
" Now let us calculate how much of a
good thing that is. It will take a woman,
if she hasn't a sewing machine, about three
days to finish one of those coats, making
ner earnings tor one weeK the enormous
sum of one dollar. What stupendous lib
erality !" and his friend nudged Prigley in
no complimentary manner.
They had now reached a'beautiful brown
stone front on Walnut street, and, bidding
his friend good evening, Prigley entered
this mansion, which, furnished in the most
fashionably and costly style, be had pur
chased with but a" portion of his recently
acquired wealth. Entering the sitting
room, ne was greeted by Uora, his favorite
daughter, who, throwing her arms about
his neck, kissed him, and cunningly said,
" Pa, have you bought me that necklace ?"
With what pride he unbuttoned his coat
and drew from his pocket a neat little pack
age and placea it in Dora's hands. Dora,
too eager to seo the contents, could not stop
to cut the string, but breaking it, and tear
ing apart the paper, she opened the box,
and there was an elegant gold necklace
glittering with diamonds.
" What is the matter?" asked her father,
noticing a disappointed look as she held it
up sparkling in the gaslight.
" It isn't the ten thousand dollar one.
Pa. I think you might havo bought me
" Well, now, daughter, that is cool," he
replied in a sarcastic tone. " Your taste
must be very cultivated if you can't be sat
isfied with a six-thousand-dollar necklace.
I paid that down for it in five-hundred
dollar treasury notes to day."
"But, Pa," insinuated Dora, "you could
just as well have paid four thousand more
and bought me the one I wished ;" and she
twirled the necklace petulantly upon her
met a boy to-day who asked me for a
penny. 1 refused it. I believe now that
if I had given it to him he would have been
more grateful and happy than you are now
with six thousand dollars in your hand,"
and Mr, Prigley looked at his daughter with
the air of an injured moralist.
" Some miserable little beggar, rejoined
Dora. " If yeu had given him n whipping
ana sent mm nomc, it would probably have
been better for him than a dozen pennies."
" Come, Dora, I will give you the extra
four thousand if that boy isn't more de
serving of one penny than you are of that
" Agreed," she laughingly replied. "How
shall we settlo the question ?"
" Fortunately, I remember where he said
his mother lives No. 6 Hampden court in
Farmer's alloy. That's the place. Now
o morrow morning you take the carriage
and find out all you can about him and his
mother. I will let you decide the question
yourself in the evening when I come home."
" I will do it." said Dora, and rjlacinr-
the jewelry box on the mantel, she sat down
before her exquisitely carved piano and
played for her father a beautiful aria from
In the morning, dressed in a superb silk.
and encased in her sable cloak, Dora entered
her carriage, and, after a tedious search,
found No. G Hampden court. As she gently
rapped upon the door, she could but notice
how the little childreu of the court, dirty
and ragged, looked at her in wonder and
awe. The'windows and doors of wretched
hovels were filled with the peering eyes of
emaciated and care-worn women. The door
opened, and Dora saw before her a woman
whose 6ad, pale face told of many sorrows.
With a politeness unexpected she invited
Dora to walk in, and shutting the door, led
her into a room in which was a man lying
upon a cot, and groaning as if in great pain.
" That is my husband," she said, hand
ing Dora a chair, and pointing to the suf
ferer. " He was wounded in the last battle
at Fredericksburg. You recollect the four
hundred volunteers who went across the
river in boats before the fight commenced ?
He was one of those brave men. Ob ! I
am so thankful he was not killed."
" Where is he wounded ?" asked Dora,
in a soft tremulous voice.
" He was shot in the right arm, and had
to have it amputated. He begged the sur
geon to let him come home, and be nursed
by me, and last night, while I was sewing,
in he came, all covered with dust, and look
ing so ghostly, that I thought it was a
dream. He is more comfortable now," and
she gently fixed the coverlids about him,
for the room was cold and dreary.
' Have you had any doctor for him ?"
timidly asked Dora.
' No," she replied, "not yet; but I shall
finish this coat in an hour, and then I will
have half a dollar. With that I bny a few
things for him."
"A half a dellar for making that coat P
exclaimed Dora; "what a shame! "How
long have you been sewing for such a sum?"
My husband1 enlisted about fourteen
months ago, and since he left I have been
sewing whenever I could gut work, so that
myself and little-Tom might live. It'aaa
been a weary year to me." she coating.
brushing away a tear ; "my anxiety for my
lay awake and weep the whole night long."
" Where is 3 our little boy ?" asked Dora,
for her sympathies had become excited by
what she had seen and beard.
" He is asking gentlemen for pennies. I
am sorry he has to be a beggar. But, if it
were not for the little sums he brings home
at night, we should haye nothing to eat.
Perhaps you wonder why my husband has
not sent me some of his pay ? But he has
not received a cent for the last six months.
and the dear, good soul could not send it."
" I am so sorry for you," said Dora, and
taking from her well-filled portmonnaie a
ten-do! Inr note, she adroitly slipped it, as
oniy a woman can do, into Mrs. Green s
hand. The look of gratitude for the heart
was too full for utterance amply repaid
Dora for the gift. " You must tell your
little boy to come over to our house, No.
Walnut street as soon as he comes home.
I will have a basket of nice things for you."
" You are too kind I do not deserve
this," said Mrs. Green, her tears ill con
cealing the joy of her heart. " But do vou
know when I have been sewing late at night
for the little money which I could earn, I
have often laid aside my work, and, kneel
ing down by that cot in which my boy was
sleeping, have prayed earnestly that God
would nelp me, -and send tne deliverance r
He has helped me, just when I needed it
most. You are his angel, and he smiles
"No, I am too wicked for an angel," in
terrupted Dora, tryine by a forced smile to
check her rising emotions. " But what a
6hame, a burning shame it is, that while
your liusband has been fighting for his
country and liberty, you have been left
thus to poverty and hardship by those who
have staid at home. A half a dollar for
sewing such a great coarse coat as that !
Who do you sew it for ?"
"One of the Government contractors,"
was the reply.
What a wretch he must bo to pay poor
women such a price as that! Do vou
know bis name ?"
"Yes, Miss. Mr. Pricier"
Dora turned pale, but suddenly recover
ing herself, she went to the bedside of the
wounded man. Whispering a few words of
comfort in bis ear, and promising to call on
the morrow, she took her departure. She
stopped on her way home at the family
physician's, and ordered his immediate at
tendance at No. 6, Hampden court.
She bad hardly entered the bou3C and
was preparing to give her mother an account
of her adventure, when the servant an
nounced that there was a raggod boy at tho
door, who said he was told to call for a
" basket of goodies." Dora ordered him to
be brought up. It was littlo Tom Green,
who, by his simplicity and frankness, soon
won the good will of Dora and her mother.
When he went home language could not
express the impression which this interview
made upon him, and he strove in vain to
tell his mother what he had seen and beard.
When Mr. Prigley had finished his tea,
and was endeavoring to find " the latest and
most reliable intelligence " in the evening
paper, he was not a little astonished by
Dora, who, placing in his hand the neck
lace, said, " my verdict is, that I am not
deserving of that, or any necklace."
" Ha ! ha I" he rejoined, " I thought a
visit to seme poor people would cure you of
your extravagant ideas. You have been to
Hampden Court, and seen Tom Green and
his mother. They probably had nothing
to eat, which fact set you moralizing, and
this is the result," ank he patted heron the
check very approvingly.
" Yes, Fa, you are right; 1 nave been
moralizing. What should you say,. if a
woman, whose husband in the war for four
teen months fighing for his country, should
be obliged to go a whole day without any
thing to eat ?"
" Well, I should say she ought to work
and earn something. There is plenty of
sewing now for women. All they have to
do is to ask for it. Why, I give employ
ment myself to over four hundred women,
and pay them well."
" How much coat ?" asked Dora, eyeing
him very rogucishly.
"Let me see," said Mr. Prigley, laying
aside his paper, and gesticulating with his
forefinger, upon which glittered a massive
diamond ring. " I think it is half a dollar
" Now," continued Dora, sitting on his
knee, "I want to tell you a little story,
which ought to interest yeu more than the
latest by telegraph : This morning I went,
as you desired, and saw Mrs. Green. I
found that she had been obliged for the last
fourteen months to support herself and little
boy by sewing. From her conversation I
discovered that she was a woman of good
education and refinement, showing that her
circumstances in life bad once been very
good. Her husband has just come home
from the army, having been shot in the last
battle at Fredericksburg. His right arm
has been ampatated, and when I entered
the room there lie lay upon his bed, groan
ing wjth pun."
Why didn't she send for a doctor ?" in
tempted her father. . .
" Wait, and I will tell yon. Her hattaad
has received bo pay from the Government
oft lead r toy money, dim was tewmg
aa an army overcoat, aid -wishing thai' it
wai ffaished, to that she might, with th
husband ind little Tom has caused me to i money which she was to receivefor it, bny
for her poor, wounded husband, the simplest
"That is truly a deserving case." ob
served her father, becoming intensely in-
beggar that asked me for a penny?"
" ies, the poor little fellow has often
brought home the means of saving her
from starvation. Isn't it a shame that the
wife of a patriot should be treated that way,
in a civilized city ?"
" It is indeed, Dora. You must go there
to-morrow, and spare no expense in making
mem comfortable and nappy. 1 declare, it
it an outrage that the poor of our city are
not octter cared tor.
" Is there any other contractor in the city
of the same name as yourself?" asked
Dora, pushing the hair back from his fore
head and looking him full in the face."
" No, daughter, bitf why do you ask ?"
" This is my reason : This Mrs. Green
was sewing on an army coat, as I have
already told you. It takes her three days
to finish one, and she receives half a dollar
for her three days' work, making her earn
ings tor the week, one dollar. Can a
woman and child in these hard times live
on that, and at the same time take proper
care of a wounded man ?"
" Of course not," said her father. But
you tell Mrs. Green not to sew another day
for such wages. Let her do sewing for our
family, and we will pay her handsomely.
I will allow her husband ten dollars a wcok
until he recovers, and then hire him at a
good salary as a servant,"
' You are a real good man," and Dora
kissed him so affectionately, that he was
more than compensated for his proposed
benevolence. Being convinced that he was
unsuspicious of the closing development,
she said: "Now, I am going to astonish
yoa, father, more than the fattest contract
you ever had. Who do you suppose Mrs.
Green has been sewing for on such low and
mean wages ?"
" I can't imagine," he innocently replied.
" Why, for Mr. Prigley, the contractor."
" What ! for mc ? Well I dcclaro Dora
if that isn't a stumper. I nover dreamed
of such a thing."
" I don't doubt it," interrupted Dora.
" When you have been counting your gains,
you have never thought that they represent-
eu so niucn numan misery. J? or all you
know, the four hundred women that you
employ may be Mrs. Greens, toiling the
midnight away in poverty and sorrow. Oh,
tatner," and Dora s eyes filled with tears,
when I think that our wealth has been
made by such means, it makes my heart
sick. I cannot wear the necklace. Every
diamond seems a glistening tear."
" Well, Dora, you have rcalley worked
roe up. Perhaps I havn't been as consider
ate in ray treatment 01 mese poor women
as I ought to be. But to remedy the evil,
that s the question.
"I have a first-rate plan," answered
Dora. " In tho first place, how much do
you make on one of these coats !"
" You are not going to tell the Govern
ment, of course, so I will divulge the secret.
About five dollars."
"Now, suppose that you should be con
tent with a profit of three dollars, and give
the remaining two to these poor sewing
women. You have enongh of money, and
can afford to be not only iust. but liberal, i
Don't you think you can adopt my plan ?
Come, say adieu to avarice, and make four
hundred hearts sing for joy."
Agau, i7ora, 1 neueve 1 win. inree
dollars a coat shall be tho wages hereafter.
But, how about this necklace ?
" I have made up my mind to return it to
the jeweller and get the money back and
educate little Tom with it. What do you
think of that ?"
" It is a noble idea," rejoined her father.
" Dora, you are a glorious girl, and have
made me this evening a better man. For
once I know wh.it it is to conquer a selfish
spirit, and I thank you for it."
The four hundred women who work for
Mr. Prigley now trip happily along the
street with their bundle of coats. They
are not working for one dollar a week.
Little Tom Green says that " Miss Dora
Prigley is the greatest lady that ever lived."
As he sits beside bis mother in the evening
and studies bis lesson, he often looks up
into her face, now so changed and happy,
and asks, very earnestly, " Mother, isn't
Miss Prigley the best woman living?"
His father laughingly replies, from the
depths of his comfortable pillow. "Yes,
lorn, Mr. I'rigley is the best man, and Mist
Prigley the best woman, excepting year
mother, that ever lived." Of course Sirs.
Greene handed him some ice-water for this
compliment The War Prtu.
.a. SHLAJxrw, jsrox a. staxn
BT IT. O. EATON-
A maiden bright, in robes of white,
Beside the fire was sitting y
Eer labor dose-at set of sun,
Her thoughts afar were flitting.
Some linen there hang 01 a choir,
Aa stainless as the maid ;
TJut o'er their snow some object low
Stood up and cast a shade.
"See there, my child; the cloth's defiled,"'
The angry father cried ;
K In- thoughts, no doubt, of some poor lout,
iou lose wnat's at your side
See what a spot, which naught can- blot!'7
'J Nay, father, feel no pain ;
You but remark a shadow dark
A shadow not a stain.'
She moved the chair, and now elsewhere
The lying shadow fell ;
Unhindered light showed all was white,
Suspicion to repel.
The harsh assault for double fault
Was foiled and proved unjust;
fffcile ker more meek, with glowing cheek,
His own mistake discussed:
" O, thus in life how much of strife
By rude mistake begins !
By calumny how many die,
Though innocent of sins!
Tho purest snow will soonest show
A spot upon it lain ;
And oft we find what vice maligned.
A shadow not a stain.
Dear daughter! may thy works always
Unsullied meet the light,
And. when a frown would put ticc down,
The blaxe of truth invite.
There's not a shade but light has made:
And virtue's art sublime,
By slight remove, may often prove
The slander was the crime.
Yet, if she fail, she should not quail:
For misconception's gaze
Can never change, by glancing strange,
A noble thing to base.
The cheering sense of innocence
Will in the breast remain;
And they who hurt cannot convert
A shadow to a stain !'
A FRENCHMAN ON AMERICA.
Hear what M. Pclletan says of us in his
new work, "La Modcrne Babylone." After
descanting on the degeneracy of tho inhabi
tants of Paris, and the tyranny under which
they live, he suddenly stops, and apostrophiz
ing us, exclaims :
" The American of the North," "the Yankee,"
the " clown," the " worshipper of the almighty
dollar," behold what he docs when the slave
holding South, as if to fasten upon the negro
the tyranny of a climate, tears the bond of I
Union. For a similar metaphysical idea the
Union; for another abstract idea, legality;
for a dozen of stars on a stripe of bunting, the
American of the North offers upon the altar of
his country his last man and his last dollar.
He gives the example never known before, of a
voluntary budget ; he takes the rifle himself,
ready to die for abstract justice. He learns
the art of war, as the France of the Republic
did under the fire of the enemy; he hesitates
at first, he looses the battle at first; but be sure
he wins the day at last. Do you know any
grander spectacle in history any fairer apo
theosis of freedom ?''
MAJOB GENERAL JtQEPH HOOKER.
The new Commander of the Army of tho
Potomac is a native of Massachusetts, and
was born at Old Hadley, 1816, being now
forty-seven years old. " He entered West
Point in 1833, his appointment being
charged to that Stat. In 1S3X he received
bis appointment of Second Lieutenant of
Artillery. In February, JS3S, he was
appointed Assistant Commissary of Subsis
tence, and promoted tc a First Lieutenancy.
From July to October, 1841, he acted as
Adjutant at the Military Academy, and
from 1S41 to 1845 he acted as Kegimental
Adjutant. When the war with Mexico
broke out he was appointed Aid de-Camp
to General Hamcr, and displayed so much
gallantry that he was breveted as Captain.
tie particularly distinguished himself at
Monterey. In the early part of 1S47 ho
was made Assistant Adjutant General, with
the rank of Captain. For his sagacity and
courage at the National Bridge, he was
breveted. Major, and soon after, at Chepul
tcpec, rendered himself 60 conspicuous that
he was breveted Lieutenant-Colonel. Tho
war ended, he withdrew from the sorrico
and emigrated to California, where he en
gaged in commerce with but moderate suc
cess. At the breaking out of the rebellion ho
considered that the education he had re
ceived at the expense of his country was a
sacred trust, and immediately offered his
services to his Government, who aware of
his abilities appointed him a Brigadier Gen
eral of volunteers, on the 7th of April,
1861. He was placed in command of a
brigade, which formed part of tho army of
the Potomac army. Subsequently he was
put at the bead of a division and stationed
in South Maryland, where he remained till
February last. He was now placed in com
mand of the fighting division par cxcellcnco
of the army including Sickles' splondid
Excelsior Brigade, and at Williamsburg,
Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, showed how
worthy he was of that proud position. Ho
next distinguished himself during the seven
days contest, and afterwards under General
Pope, before Washington, and under Mc
Clellan in Maryland. He fought braycly
at South Mountain and Antietam, at which
latter place he was wounded in the foot.
When he had recovered from his wound
sufficiently to take the field in a litter, ho
did so and was made commanding General
of the fifth army corps. On the 14th of
November, 1862, he was placed in com
mand of tho centre grand division of Gen.
Burnsidu's army in Virginia. His promo
tions have thus taken place: On Jaly4,
1862, promoted to a Mnjor-General of vol
unteers, and on the 20th of September,
1862, appointed a Brigadier General of tho
regular army, in the place of Gen. Mans
THE BARRENNESS OF PALESTINE.
B, Large numbers of slaves in the lower
counties of Maryland, since the Christmas
holidays, have refused to go to work for their
masters, unless they are paid wages for their
labor, alleging that they became free on the
1st of January by the Proclamation of Eman
cipation. The masters arc afraid to employ
force, lest thereby they incur the vengeance of
the chatties, and drive them into acts of vio
lence, for which, it is said, the negroes arc
fully prepared. Some of the slaveholders, in
order to settle the matter amicably, and " pre
serve peace" in the family, have ageced to pay
their slaves wages, others, however, have re
fused, and their negroes are escaping in large
numbers. Two years ago the leaders in such
a movement would have been hung. Now,
neither the halter or the whipping block is
called into requisition, though Slavery in Ma
ryland is protected by the President's Proclamation.
XT It will be remembered that seven
members of the 8 th New Hampshire regi
ment, taken prisoners by the rebels in
Louisiana were tried for treason they
having enlisted in the regiment at New Or
leans aBd on being convicted, were com
pelled to dig their own graves and then be
shot. Jastice is swift and goes in the
right directioa. Two of the officers com
prising the court-martial have been caught,
aad foarteen of the highest rebel officers,
bow prisoner! to General Batler, have peen
held aa hoataeea and will h shot, nrovided
for" the ket six moath, aad therefore coald JGeaeral Pemberton, who has, beea written
to aa tba.eabject, does not disavow the act
of the coart martial, aad give up three
other other oaWis who composed it. Get .
Gkrkeis oaajof the hotUgei.
" What makes the gas light so vac
cinating?" said Mrs. Partington endeav
oring to thread her needle as the gas light
rose and tell, now springing np to tne
brilliant flame, and now almost going ont.
It became steady at last, when Ike emerged
from the cellar. " Where have you been?"
inquired she, looking around at him.
" Been to try the meter wrench," ho replied
"What?" she screamed in a tone that
raised the eap off her bead ; "meet a wench!
yoa disgraceful boy, how dare yon say such
a thing 7 I am almost tempered to take
corrosive measures, and punish you within
an inch of your skin. Such a fragrant out
rage I never knew in one so yonng. Boys
that show such moral turpentine never come
to an end." She ceased suddenly, like a
horse car brought up suddenly by a draw
bridge, and rocked back and fourth much
excited. " I didn't do nothing," said Ike,
" only tried this long thing on the gas the
man gave me," and he held out to her a
mall wrench used to turn the gas off with
which he had been trying in the cellar.
Mrs. Partington blushed, just like a maple
tree in October, and patting the boy on the
head, she sent him out with a three cent
piece, that he had been for an hour teasing
her for in vain.
A widow whose lands naply rich
grazing for a thousand-eattle, may be said
to be an attractive grass widow.
Dr. Ungcr, the well known naturalist of
Vienna, has published an account of tho
scientific result of two journeys which ho
undertook in 1858 and in 1860 into Greece
and the Ionian Island. He devoted him
self entirely to the botany of tho country
through which he passed, Including an in
quiry into the fossil Flora of Eubcca. The
distinctive characters of the most remarka
ble new species that he found are delineated
by the system of nature-printing, which is
a good deal used on tho Continent. He
closes the work with an interesting chapter
on the question whether, from a physical
point of view, there is in Greece and the
East a capacity for returning to its ancient
prosperity. By a full comparison of an
cient accounts with present acts, he arrives
at the conclusion that there has been no
essential change in the physical condition
of the country. But there is a very serious
accidental change, So far as the mere
forces of nature go, there is nothing to bin
der Greece, Palestine, and Asia Minor
from returning to their old fertility. It bag
been destroyed by man, and the wholesale
destruction of the woods has been the solo
cause of the barrenness with those countries
have been smitten. The vast wood-fires,
kindled by the horde of invaders who, in
the course of centuries, have followed each
other upon that soil, partly by the shep
herds, to gain fresh pastures, have gradually
deprived the climate of its moisture, and
the ground of its fertility. The instrument
by which the barrenness of these regions is
perpetuated is still more insignificant than
its original cause. It is the goat. The
ordinary operations of nature would, in the
course of time, restore the woods that have
been destroyed but for the large number of
goats the scanty population maintain.
These have no pasture to live on in summer,
for the arid climate dries it up, and they
consequently eat off the shoots of trees just
springing out of the ground. Bat if, by
the operation of any causes, the woods were
ever suffered to grow again, Dr. Unger's
view is that fertility would return, and tho
old prosperity of the East would be re
stored. m m m m
aaaWhen Great Britain fosght Napo
leon, she made the tJaok of England notes
legal tender, and the premiam on gold rose
so high that twenty-one shilling pieces rose
to tweaty-sevea ; but that did not prevent
her from carrying on the war successfully.
J9"Tbe last seasatioa book tf the day
is " 39 Men for one Womaa," by Emilia
Chavalier. Just imagine a community in
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