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liiotlfural alwm. ESSAY ON TIMBER TREES. ' BY JONATHAN HUGGlNS, WOODBUBNj ILL. (Concluded.) The Tulip tree is one of our tallest trees, valuable for many purposes, but thought, by many, to be impatient of removal, and hard to grow from the seed. The Black Walnut, and the Butternut or "White Walnut, are fast growers when under cultivation; hardy; and if they are ever troubled with insects I am not aware of it. They are easily grown from the seed, which should be planted in the fall where you wish them to grow, as thev are very sensitive of removal. Both varieties are valuable for their fruit and timber, and should be found in every grove. The Sugar Maple, or Hard Maple, as some call it, attains a great height, but is a slow grower as compared with the Silver Leaf Maple. It is valuable for fuel and many other purposes. The seed drops in the fall, and should then be planted, or caretully kept from dry ing until spring. The Red or Scarlet Maple, naturally found in swamps, will thrive in any soil is a fast grower, and, in favorable soils, attains a height of eighty to nine ty feet. Propagated like the Silver Maple. The Silver Maple has been spoken of as one of the hnest trees on the Ameri can continent. It is the great grove tree of the West, unless, as some suppose the claims ot the White Willow are superior to it. It is a rapid grower and splendid tree. It has long been desirable that some timber tree should come into general cultivation, contain ing the essential qualities of beauty and rapidity of growth, and at the same time be free from tne ragged appear ance of the borer-eaten Locust. The Silver Maple, thus far, answers the purpose. It is valuable for fuel, and yields a fine, soft-grained timber, use ful for many purposes. Its seeds drop in this latitude about the first of May, say from the first to the tenth, and should be planted at once. Seed plant ed in good" ground and well cultivated, will grow from one to fourfeet the first season. The Golden Willow is a fast grower, and should be planted in every prairie grove. Easily propagated by cuttings. The White Willow seems to claim a large share of attention at present, as a grove tree and for fences. C. R. Overman, ex-President of the Illinois Horticultural Society, writes of it thus : "We have found in the White Willow a clean, healthy and beautiful tree, perfectly hardy, and free from attacks of insects. Grows towering, straight grained, and enormously rapid; splits as freely as the Chestnut. Hails of it, above ground, last many years, while as a fuel timber its value cannot be over-rated, as it makes the best charcoal in the world. The amount of fuel which a single acre of this timber .would yield in five or ten years, would astomsh any man. In ten years, an acre of it will produce enough timber to fence a quarter section of land. It is without doubt destined soon to become the most popular grove tree in the country." This, like other willows, is easily propagated by cuttings. I have now a few of them on my grounds fifteen to eighteen feet high, two years from cut- . tings. In considering the subject of timber trees, our evergreen timber trees should not be forgotten. They should also ,Wn planted in abundance for timber as well as for ornament, and for windbreaks for our homes. The White Pine is a rapid grower, and so is the Norway Spruce. Small plants of both may be obtained of many nurserymen very cheap. The Red Cedar, as also the White Cedar, is hardy and desirable for plant ing in belts as a barrier against the sweeping winter blasts. They are both easily obtained from their native grounds the White fr.om the swamps of Michigan and Wisconsin, and the i?ed Cedar from Southern Illinois and Missouri. But I fear I have already wearied your patience and shall add but little more. 7o some it may seem very foolish to engage in the cultivation of timber trees "Which the planter can hardly expect to sec come to full maturity in his life -time. But I cherish the hope 'that at rut distant day our now bleak prairies "will be thickly dotted over with groves woft!mber trees, both deciduous and evergreen, and belts of trees will every where protect our orchards and homes. k Let us, then, plant trees plant tim- her trees, and care for them afterwardsr Plant them for ourselves and for our children, ever remembering that we should not live exclusively for ourselves orfortbe present time that it is right and proper to'look a little to .the inter est bf those who shall come after us that when we are about to leave this world, we can reflect that things are, by our feeble efforts, jn a better condition than wcvtound"them wbto'Ve" 'entered. READ ! READ! UNDERSTAND ancl -?-&. SAVEYpUR.MO.NEYJ '-ISLSUk 1AI1S; HI1UI&T0I ill ARE NOW REEIVING T and BEST assortment of LARGE T DRV GOODS, DRESS GOODS, FANCZ NOTIONS, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS CAPS, CLOTHING, CARPETSl .$ Ai kn that was ever brought to this market, and they "WXLX. SELL At prices that DEFY COMPETITION. It is idle to attempt to enumerate all the various articles comprising their extensive stock. It is sufficient to say that they have Every Thing You Want! In the above line of Goods, in the greatest vaiicty, of the latest styles, and of the best materials, which they offer at T They Purchased Largely BEFORE the LATE HEAVY ADVANCES JN THE EASTERN MARKETS, and are onahled to sell , cse. 31. O -X7VL New York Prices. And -will give their customers the BENEFIT OF THEIR J3ABLY PUR HASES. 3 CALL AND BEE FOR 70UR SELVES! THE 6000S HOST BE SOLO 1 DO NOT FORGET THE NUMBER, No. 52 Delaware Street, North side, between 2d & 3d, Leavenworth, Kansas. SIRS TTliolesale BOOT cV SHOE 44 DELAWARE STREET, BinmnL mis. "W efy COMFETITION In Prices ! .A. COHEN, m-nOLESALE DEALER IN CLOTHING AND ALL KINDS OF Gents' Furnishing Goods HATS, CAPSiNDIARUBBER bOODS, V ' Trjinks;;&p, : N6 21 DELAWARE STREET, Three Doort below Scott, Kerr J Colt Bank. Ltavenworth, Kansas: ,LI.WIS-KURTZ, i JSL&rXl J3L-G, "t tan, Dealer, tai j , J 'Dry Gc Groceries, , SMIWM! ISF SIMM SASH, GIsASSsBQOTSjf SHOES. and everything found in a country store, which I will sell " CHEAPFORCASH! : - y& i$tf 3MC3T- Currenoy 2S REDEEMED et the BANKING MOUSE w ovu, AXJUC CO- . , LEA VEXWORTH. A FINE ASSORTMENT OF COAE'OIL Lsisatpalhc CUT DRUG STORE. i mi HOUSE noB 0.0- Carney & Stevens, wisiesaie uum For warden - AND Commission Merchants, Corner Levee and Cherokee Streets, LEAVEH WORTH, KANSAS. Have in store the following stock of " Fresh Staple and Fancy Groceries ! V To which wc invite the special atfentionTof CASH P'UROHAkfiB 3000 SACKS OF FLOUR; " 1 200 HHDSN.O. MOLASSES; . 500 BARRELS LOAF CRUSHED AND POWDERED SUGAR; 100 BARRELS CLARIFIED SUGAR; 100 BOXES HAVANA SUGAR ; 200 BARRELS S. H. AND N. O. OLASSES; 100 BBLS. PLANTATION MOLASSES; 500 Bags Rio Coffee ; , 100 MATS JAVA COFFEE; 1000 KEGS ASSORTED NAILS; 500iBoar.es Star Candles; 100 BOXES MOULD CANDLES; "lOtfTKS. MACKEREL & HERRING ; ' 50 COILS CORDAGE; 100 BARRELS S. C. SODA; lOfTbxs BABBITT'S SALARATUS; 900 BOXES YEAST POWDERS; 300 BOXES BASINS; 400 Bxs Manufactured Tobacco; lOO BOXES OF SOJP; 100 HALF CHESTS OF TEA; 1000 DDLS WRAPPING PAPER; 250,000 SEGARS! Wc have also on hand a fine assortment of PURE BRANDIES. WINES AND OLD WHISKEY, IN CASKS, QUARTER CASKS & BOTTLES. FRUITS, PICKLES & NUTS, of all kinds. SPICES OF ML KINDS. And in short, everything connected with the GROCERY BUSINESS CAN BE FOUND AT OUR ESTABLISH MENT. ja; Outfitting for the Mines will consult their interests by purchasing at our establishment, as u. , i OUR STOCK IS COMPLETE, and our PRICES REASONABLE ! CORNER, LEVEE AND CHEROKEE ST- LIAYWrWORTH CITY. r J-Petttfomfor 'Divorce.. State of Kansas, ") In the Third Judicial Riley County, I District Court, "sitting in' Mary R.Holmaan, V and for Rijey 'County. ts. J Dirorce: f Lorin S.Bolman.?J LOUIS S.JIOLMAN, ANON-RESIDENT OF, the State of Kansas, and whose place of residence is unknown, is notified that Mary R. Holman, did, on the 12th day of May, A. D. 1863, file her petition in the office of the Clerk of the Third Jndicial Districts Couftsitting in and for Riley County, State of Kansas, charg ing the said Lorin S. Holman with wilful de sertion for more than two years Jasi pastand askine that'she may be dirorced fronnthe said Lorin S. Holman, and have the care'and cus tody OI me cniiureu ; wmen petition win sianu for hearing at the nest term of this Court. Dated the 12th day of May, A. D. 1862. MARY R. HOLMAN. n307t By Junes E. Hibbard, her Attorney. SHERIFF'S SALE. Notice is hereby given that by virtue of, and to satisfy, an Order of Sale, issued out of the 3d Judicial District Court for Davis county and others attached thereto for Judicial purposes, in the State of Kansas, in favor of Win. H. Mackcy and against Dewitt C. Stevenson, and to me directed and delivered, I will, offer for sale at public auction, at the door of the Court House in Junction City, within the county of Davis aforesaid, on the loth day of June, A. D., 18G3, at 1 o'clock, P. Mn of said day, all the right, title, interest and claim of the said Dewitt C. Stevenson in and to the following described Real Estate, to-wit: Lot 17 in block 11, lot 13 in block 30, lot 14 in block 03, lot 8 in block 70, and lot 11 in block 8. in the city of Junction, Davis county Kansas. Given under my hand this the 9th day of May, A. V. 1WJ3. A. W. CALLEN, n2C-7tpf8. Sheriff of Davis Co. ,. NOTICE. Patrick H. Gaffney, Pl'ff. T In the 3d Judicial against V District Court with- John Horan, Def 't. J in and for the coun ty of Davis, et al attached, in the State of Kansas. The above named defendant, John Horan, of parts unknown, will use notice that the said Patrick II. Gaffney, of the county of Davis. and State of Kansas, did, on the 18th day of April, A. v. loos, nie ins petition in the Court aforesaid, in and for the county and Stale aforesaid, against the said John Horan, de fendant, setting forth that the said John Horan gave a mortgage to the said Patrick H. Gaffney, on the north-east quarter of section thirty two, in township 13, south of range G, east, lying and being in Davis county, State of Kansas, to secure the payment of 291.00, with interest from the 8th day of March, A. D. 1862, at the rate of ten per cent per annum, according to a certain promissory note referred to in said mortgage j and also setting forth that the said plaintiff paid the State and county taxes on said land afore described, for the years 18G0, 18G1 and 1862, amounting in all to the sum of 29.06, and praying that the said John Horan may pay said sums now due, with interest as aforesaid, from the 8th day of March, 1862, on the 9291.UU. and that he may be reimbursed in the sum of $25.06, taxes paid as aforesaid, or mai uw sum premises may dc soui 10 pay me same; and the said John Horan is notihed that he is required to appear and answer said peti tion on or before the 27th day of June, A. D. 1863. PATRICK H. GAFFNEY, By Steimiev B. White, his Att'y. Dated April 18, 1863. Attest: n23-7t. R. D. Mobley, Clerk. To Whom It Hay Concern. State of Kansas, In the matter ofr the final Riley County, settlement of the Estate of Lucicn Mansfield, deceased. In the Probate Court of Riley county, Slate of Kansas. To all persons whom it may con cern: Take notice, that I shall be and appear be fore theTrobate Court of Riley county on the first Monday of July, A. D. 1863, to make a final settlement of the above described Estate, and all persons having an interest therein or claims against said Estate, arc hereby notified to produce the same then and there, or be for eer barred. JAMES MANSFIELD, Ex'r. Manhattan, April 7, 1S63. n25-5t Administrator's Notice. XfOTICE is HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT i. the Anril Term. A. D. 1863. of the Tavi County Probate Court, the undersigned was appointed Administrator of the estate of John Ratliff, deceased, late of Davis County, Kansas, letters dated April 7th, 1803. All persons in debted to said estate are required to make im mediate payment of the same; and all persons haying demands against said estate are re quired to exhibit the same to the Administra tor for allowance within one year from the aate or tnese letters, or they may be precluded from any benefit of said estate; and if such claims are not presented within three years from the date of these letters they will be for ever ecbarrcd. ENOS RATLIFF, Adm'r of the estate of John Ratliff, dee'd. NOTICE! To all whom it may concern : Notice is hereby given that at the annual July session in 1863, of the Board of County Commissioners of Davis County, Kansas, there will be a Petition presented to said Honorable isoard of Commissioners, pravine for the view ing and laying out of a county road, from the south terminus of Washington street, in Junc tion City, in said county, and from thence up the Smoky Hill River bottom in a southwest and westerly direction, on the most practicable grouna ior a road, crossing Goose Creek at Matthews' Crossing, to the sontheast corner of tne southeast quarter of section 24, township 12, south of range 4, east, on the western boundary line of said Davis county. E. D. Magill, James Mansfield, R. W. Colwell And Many Other Citizens. May 23, 1863. n20-4t. Lost Duplicate. ON THE 23d-DAY OF AUGUST, 1859,1 pre-empted, at the Land Office at Omlen. Kansas, the south half of north-east auarter and lots Ifrs. one and two of section two, town ship eleven, south, range six, east, containing 162 40-100 acres, by locating thereon Military Bounty Laad, Warrant, act 1855.- No.40,57-1, j anu receiving irom tne register duplicate cer tificate of location, No. 730, which'certincate I have mislaid or lost. Notice is hereby given that I have never sold or disposed of said du plicate. No. 730, nor the tract of land for which it calls, and that I am still the leeal owner of ooutf ana tnat oa or after the 30th day of May next, I shall apply to the Register of the Land Office at Junction City, Kansas, for the patent to the land described. All personsinterested win govern themselves accordingly. April 18,-n246t JACOB TEPP. i - a B. WHITE, ,,u ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR C.JSSSSS fth KAK8A8. 3 '" business entnbted'to tis care ia Westara Kvhsu. -' - " - ultf" W Xs SPONGIOSIS. JUST RECEIVED! J- I Tttlfc JUNCTION CITY. - STlimi & ST1ICKLE1. ; TAKE PLEASURE IN INFORMING - THE CITIZENS OF WESTERN KANSAS, That They are now RecaiTinjg AND OPENING A NEW AND WELL SELECTED STOCK OF Dry Goods! clothing! Hats and Caps, AND QUEENSWAHE, Ladles' DRESS GOODS, BOISTJSEETS, ALL OF WHICH WE WILL SELL AT THE LOWEST P0SSD3LE mwumm FOR O OR (g(DWEFSS'2,I?S($)B)W(g3E IN OUR STOCK WILL CONSTANTLY BE FOUND MENS', WOMEMS', MISSES', AND CHILDRENS' BOOTS AND SHOES, LWEIWIRT! PUCE! READY-MADE FOR MEJVJJVD BOYS, A TO OUR STOCK OF DRESS GOODS! the. attention of the Ladies is partic ularly invited. WE BOUGHT OUR GOODS TO SELL AND SHALL BE CONTENT WITH V!1Y SHALL FllTS UNTIL GOODS DECLINE TO OLD PRICES. WE DEFY COMPETITION IE and ask an examination of our Stock. No trouble to show Goods, and no one is ex pected to. buy whilst examining unless per fectly suited. WE HAVE DETERMINED TO SELL GOODS FOR STRICTLY CASH! AND'ATTHE s GIVE US A TRIAI, amd test ouk Asarariowa f STREETER & STRTCKLEIL Junction City, Blay 8, 1863. f r ir I MHi T m fk i fJimction, JkgeniYor Wlieeler & "Wilson's SEWING MACHINES. Wheeler JFihon's SEWING MACHINES HAVE WON THE $- at the Fair of the U. S. Agricultural SOCIETY . And at the State Fain of Maiae, Vermont New York, PeaasyWaBU, Miaoianppi, Ohio, Uliaoia, MichigaBjConftecticBt, New Jersey, Virginia, Missouri, Indiana, Kentucky, Wiscon sin and California. We prefer thera for Family Use TS. Y. Tribv They are th Favoiite for Families Nsw York Times. It has No Rival Scientific America. There are 85,000 Machines in use ia this country and ia Europe. This Machine ia Profitable and Arailahlt s Life Time. It is equal to Ten Seamstt esses. An Annual Dividend of 100 to 500 per ctut (on its cost) may be obtained ia use by its possessor. This is the only Sewing Machine ia the world making the Lock-Stitch with the Rotating Hook aad using the Glass -Foot. The Sales of the Wheeler & Wilso Maehiae in the single year of 1851 amouated to 10,727 ; being 3692 more than the combined sales of all other Sewing Machines. FSJCES : No. 1. Medium, oa Table, - $65.00 No. 2. Improved Black, on Table. 66.00 No. 3. Slack on Table, - 45.00 Xo. 4. Large Machine, - 75.00 No 5. Cylinder Machine, m 85,00 Instructions will be given to all persons wish ing to learn the use of the Machine, whether they become purchasers or not t&-To Ministers of the Gospel aad for Charitable Purposes, the Machine are sold at reduced prices. (NMK From the Celebrated Manulactory of George A. Prince & Co., Buffalo, N. 7. 24.000 Of Prince's Mclodeons have been finished ani are now in use. B&1he First Premium has uniformly been awarded io these instruments 'wherever exhib ited in competition with others. -i. Prices : Mew Organ Melodeou (for churches) $350.90 Double Bank, Double Reed Melodeon, 150.00 Piano Style, Double Reed Melodeon, 150,00 Piano Style, Six Octave Melodeon, 130,00 Double Reed,Five Octave Port.MeIodeon,l30,00 Five Octave, Portable Melodeon, 75.0(1 Four and a half Octave Port. Melcdeon 60.00 Four Octave Portable Melodeon, 45.00 Messrs. THOMPSON, WOODRUFF Co., of Leavenworth, are the Sole Agents for Kansas of these justly celebrated instruments. They have given the sub-agency to Mrs. S. M. Strickles, who will secure an instrument for -any person who wishes to purchase at the puba lished prices. June 20, 1862. NOTICE ! - TO ALL OUR WESTERN FRIENDS, And other, as you come to mill, will waat to buy some Goods, Cheap for Cash, call at the FARMER'S STORE, at the old stand, No. 353 Poyntz Artnno. WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED FROM the Philadelphia market, a large assort ment of Goods, consisting of Drv Groods Clothing Hardware, Queeiuwar, Boots and Shoes, Hals and Caps, TOBACCO, TEA, SUGAR, SOAP, GOAL OIL, and tJandles and other things too numerous to mention: A. ALSO. Agents for Ayer'a Celebrated Medicines. All person desiring to invest Canh for good Goods will please call aad look through our stock. JOHN PIPER & Co, Manhattan, Dec. 25, 1862. THEUNIONFOREVER MflIIS!dfcHMi!Sir JOHN P. WILEY, or JUNCTION OUT, keeps at his old stand, The Claim House . a good assortment of DRY GOODS & GRO CERIES, and PROVISIONS, as well as BOOTS aad SHOES ; and he flatters himself, as ha has no rent, clerk, or hauling to pay, that ha ia able to sell as aheap as can be bought at tha retail houses ia Leareaworth City. Ilaring traded in St. Louis with Morgan & McCIung to oter $50,000, and with Heasley ft Russell, ofLesYeawertk City, aad now selliae or prominent firms in LeaTt aworth, I Matter myself that I am regarded, as a prompt aad well posted man, prepared, if eeeesary to sail goods for others oa commission, oa fair and reliable terms, as well at to be able to sell quite as cheap as they can be purchased in Western Kansas. Farmers, bring oa yoar HIDES AlfD PRODUCE, aad exchange with me, aad hunters, bring ma your FURS of all kinds, and I will proTe ay proposition. I also keep a small amount ef LUlfBEH and COOPER STUFF on band for sale. J. C. KENNETT, Cpunty Surveyor, ; Kenton, Davit County, Ka$a. Will pronptlj attend- to all tfidt of Sar vejiog on (eras to Bait the times. nuns! .