ESSAY ON TIMBER TREES. '
BY JONATHAN HUGGlNS, WOODBUBNj ILL.
The Tulip tree is one of our tallest
trees, valuable for many purposes, but
thought, by many, to be impatient of
removal, and hard to grow from the
The Black Walnut, and the Butternut
or "White Walnut, are fast growers when
under cultivation; hardy; and if they
are ever troubled with insects I am not
aware of it. They are easily grown
from the seed, which should be planted
in the fall where you wish them to grow,
as thev are very sensitive of removal.
Both varieties are valuable for their
fruit and timber, and should be found
in every grove.
The Sugar Maple, or Hard Maple,
as some call it, attains a great height,
but is a slow grower as compared with
the Silver Leaf Maple. It is valuable
for fuel and many other purposes. The
seed drops in the fall, and should then
be planted, or caretully kept from dry
ing until spring.
The Red or Scarlet Maple, naturally
found in swamps, will thrive in any
soil is a fast grower, and, in favorable
soils, attains a height of eighty to nine
ty feet. Propagated like the Silver
The Silver Maple has been spoken of
as one of the hnest trees on the Ameri
can continent. It is the great grove tree
of the West, unless, as some suppose
the claims ot the White Willow are
superior to it. It is a rapid grower
and splendid tree. It has long been
desirable that some timber tree should
come into general cultivation, contain
ing the essential qualities of beauty and
rapidity of growth, and at the same
time be free from tne ragged appear
ance of the borer-eaten Locust. The
Silver Maple, thus far, answers the
purpose. It is valuable for fuel, and
yields a fine, soft-grained timber, use
ful for many purposes. Its seeds drop
in this latitude about the first of May,
say from the first to the tenth, and
should be planted at once. Seed plant
ed in good" ground and well cultivated,
will grow from one to fourfeet the first
The Golden Willow is a fast grower,
and should be planted in every prairie
grove. Easily propagated by cuttings.
The White Willow seems to claim a
large share of attention at present, as a
grove tree and for fences.
C. R. Overman, ex-President of the
Illinois Horticultural Society, writes of
it thus : "We have found in the White
Willow a clean, healthy and beautiful
tree, perfectly hardy, and free from
attacks of insects. Grows towering,
straight grained, and enormously rapid;
splits as freely as the Chestnut. Hails
of it, above ground, last many years,
while as a fuel timber its value cannot
be over-rated, as it makes the best
charcoal in the world. The amount of
fuel which a single acre of this timber
.would yield in five or ten years, would
astomsh any man. In ten years, an
acre of it will produce enough timber to
fence a quarter section of land. It is
without doubt destined soon to become
the most popular grove tree in the
This, like other willows, is easily
propagated by cuttings. I have now a
few of them on my grounds fifteen to
eighteen feet high, two years from cut-
In considering the subject of timber
trees, our evergreen timber trees should
not be forgotten. They should also ,Wn
planted in abundance for timber as well
as for ornament, and for windbreaks for
The White Pine is a rapid grower,
and so is the Norway Spruce. Small
plants of both may be obtained of many
nurserymen very cheap.
The Red Cedar, as also the White
Cedar, is hardy and desirable for plant
ing in belts as a barrier against the
sweeping winter blasts. They are both
easily obtained from their native grounds
the White fr.om the swamps of Michigan
and Wisconsin, and the i?ed Cedar from
Southern Illinois and Missouri.
But I fear I have already wearied
your patience and shall add but little
7o some it may seem very foolish to
engage in the cultivation of timber trees
"Which the planter can hardly expect to
sec come to full maturity in his life
-time. But I cherish the hope 'that at
rut distant day our now bleak prairies
"will be thickly dotted over with groves
woft!mber trees, both deciduous and
evergreen, and belts of trees will every
where protect our orchards and homes.
k Let us, then, plant trees plant tim-
her trees, and care for them afterwardsr
Plant them for ourselves and for our
children, ever remembering that we
should not live exclusively for ourselves
orfortbe present time that it is right
and proper to'look a little to .the inter
est bf those who shall come after us
that when we are about to leave this
world, we can reflect that things are, by
our feeble efforts, jn a better condition
than wcvtound"them wbto'Ve" 'entered.
READ ! READ!
1AI1S; HI1UI&T0I ill
ARE NOW REEIVING T
and BEST assortment of
DRV GOODS, DRESS GOODS, FANCZ
NOTIONS, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS
CAPS, CLOTHING, CARPETSl
.$ Ai kn
that was ever brought to this market, and they
At prices that DEFY COMPETITION. It is
idle to attempt to enumerate all the various
articles comprising their extensive stock. It
is sufficient to say that they have
Every Thing You Want!
In the above line of Goods, in the greatest
vaiicty, of the latest styles, and of the best
materials, which they offer at T
They Purchased Largely
BEFORE the LATE HEAVY ADVANCES
JN THE EASTERN MARKETS,
and are onahled to sell
31. O -X7VL
New York Prices.
And -will give their customers the BENEFIT
OF THEIR J3ABLY PUR HASES.
CALL AND BEE FOR 70UR
SELVES! THE 6000S HOST BE SOLO 1
DO NOT FORGET THE NUMBER,
No. 52 Delaware Street,
North side, between 2d & 3d,
BOOT cV SHOE
44 DELAWARE STREET,
In Prices !
m-nOLESALE DEALER IN
AND ALL KINDS OF
Gents' Furnishing Goods
HATS, CAPSiNDIARUBBER bOODS,
V ' Trjinks;;&p, :
N6 21 DELAWARE STREET,
Three Doort below Scott, Kerr J Colt Bank.
JSL&rXl J3L-G, "t tan,
Dealer, tai j , J
'Dry Gc Groceries, ,
SMIWM! ISF SIMM
SASH, GIsASSsBQOTSjf SHOES.
and everything found in a country store, which
I will sell "
CHEAPFORCASH! : -
2S REDEEMED et the BANKING MOUSE
w ovu, AXJUC CO- . ,
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF COAE'OIL
Lsisatpalhc CUT DRUG STORE.
Carney & Stevens,
For warden -
Corner Levee and Cherokee Streets,
LEAVEH WORTH, KANSAS.
Have in store the following stock of
" Fresh Staple and Fancy
To which wc invite the special atfentionTof
3000 SACKS OF FLOUR;
" 1 200 HHDSN.O. MOLASSES; .
500 BARRELS LOAF CRUSHED
AND POWDERED SUGAR;
100 BARRELS CLARIFIED SUGAR;
100 BOXES HAVANA SUGAR ;
200 BARRELS S. H. AND N. O. OLASSES;
100 BBLS. PLANTATION MOLASSES;
500 Bags Rio Coffee ;
, 100 MATS JAVA COFFEE;
1000 KEGS ASSORTED NAILS;
500iBoar.es Star Candles;
100 BOXES MOULD CANDLES;
"lOtfTKS. MACKEREL & HERRING ; '
50 COILS CORDAGE;
100 BARRELS S. C. SODA;
lOfTbxs BABBITT'S SALARATUS;
900 BOXES YEAST POWDERS;
300 BOXES BASINS;
400 Bxs Manufactured Tobacco;
lOO BOXES OF SOJP;
100 HALF CHESTS OF TEA;
1000 DDLS WRAPPING PAPER;
Wc have also on hand a fine assortment of
WINES AND OLD WHISKEY,
IN CASKS, QUARTER CASKS & BOTTLES.
FRUITS, PICKLES & NUTS,
of all kinds.
SPICES OF ML KINDS.
And in short, everything connected with the
CAN BE FOUND AT OUR ESTABLISH
Outfitting for the Mines
will consult their interests by purchasing at
our establishment, as
u. , i
OUR STOCK IS COMPLETE,
PRICES REASONABLE !
CORNER, LEVEE AND CHEROKEE ST-
r J-Petttfomfor 'Divorce..
State of Kansas, ") In the Third Judicial
Riley County, I District Court, "sitting in'
Mary R.Holmaan, V and for Rijey 'County.
ts. J Dirorce: f
LOUIS S.JIOLMAN, ANON-RESIDENT OF,
the State of Kansas, and whose place of
residence is unknown, is notified that Mary R.
Holman, did, on the 12th day of May, A. D.
1863, file her petition in the office of the Clerk
of the Third Jndicial Districts Couftsitting in
and for Riley County, State of Kansas, charg
ing the said Lorin S. Holman with wilful de
sertion for more than two years Jasi pastand
askine that'she may be dirorced fronnthe said
Lorin S. Holman, and have the care'and cus
tody OI me cniiureu ; wmen petition win sianu
for hearing at the nest term of this Court.
Dated the 12th day of May, A. D. 1862.
MARY R. HOLMAN.
n307t By Junes E. Hibbard, her Attorney.
Notice is hereby given that by virtue of, and
to satisfy, an Order of Sale, issued out of the
3d Judicial District Court for Davis county and
others attached thereto for Judicial purposes,
in the State of Kansas, in favor of Win. H.
Mackcy and against Dewitt C. Stevenson, and
to me directed and delivered, I will, offer for
sale at public auction, at the door of the Court
House in Junction City, within the county of
Davis aforesaid, on the loth day of June, A.
D., 18G3, at 1 o'clock, P. Mn of said day, all
the right, title, interest and claim of the said
Dewitt C. Stevenson in and to the following
described Real Estate, to-wit: Lot 17 in block
11, lot 13 in block 30, lot 14 in block 03, lot 8
in block 70, and lot 11 in block 8. in the city
of Junction, Davis county Kansas.
Given under my hand this the 9th day of
May, A. V. 1WJ3. A. W. CALLEN,
n2C-7tpf8. Sheriff of Davis Co.
Patrick H. Gaffney, Pl'ff. T In the 3d Judicial
against V District Court with-
John Horan, Def 't. J in and for the coun
ty of Davis, et al attached, in the State of
The above named defendant, John Horan, of
parts unknown, will use notice that the said
Patrick II. Gaffney, of the county of Davis.
and State of Kansas, did, on the 18th day of
April, A. v. loos, nie ins petition in the Court
aforesaid, in and for the county and Stale
aforesaid, against the said John Horan, de
fendant, setting forth that the said John Horan
gave a mortgage to the said Patrick H. Gaffney,
on the north-east quarter of section thirty two,
in township 13, south of range G, east, lying
and being in Davis county, State of Kansas, to
secure the payment of 291.00, with interest
from the 8th day of March, A. D. 1862, at the
rate of ten per cent per annum, according to a
certain promissory note referred to in said
mortgage j and also setting forth that the said
plaintiff paid the State and county taxes on
said land afore described, for the years 18G0,
18G1 and 1862, amounting in all to the sum of
29.06, and praying that the said John Horan
may pay said sums now due, with interest as
aforesaid, from the 8th day of March, 1862, on
the 9291.UU. and that he may be reimbursed in
the sum of $25.06, taxes paid as aforesaid, or
mai uw sum premises may dc soui 10 pay me
same; and the said John Horan is notihed that
he is required to appear and answer said peti
tion on or before the 27th day of June, A. D.
1863. PATRICK H. GAFFNEY,
By Steimiev B. White, his Att'y.
Dated April 18, 1863. Attest:
n23-7t. R. D. Mobley, Clerk.
To Whom It Hay Concern.
State of Kansas, In the matter ofr the final
Riley County, settlement of the Estate of
Lucicn Mansfield, deceased.
In the Probate Court of Riley county, Slate
of Kansas. To all persons whom it may con
cern: Take notice, that I shall be and appear be
fore theTrobate Court of Riley county on the
first Monday of July, A. D. 1863, to make a
final settlement of the above described Estate,
and all persons having an interest therein or
claims against said Estate, arc hereby notified
to produce the same then and there, or be for
eer barred. JAMES MANSFIELD, Ex'r.
Manhattan, April 7, 1S63. n25-5t
XfOTICE is HEREBY GIVEN THAT
i. the Anril Term. A. D. 1863. of the Tavi
County Probate Court, the undersigned was
appointed Administrator of the estate of John
Ratliff, deceased, late of Davis County, Kansas,
letters dated April 7th, 1803. All persons in
debted to said estate are required to make im
mediate payment of the same; and all persons
haying demands against said estate are re
quired to exhibit the same to the Administra
tor for allowance within one year from the
aate or tnese letters, or they may be precluded
from any benefit of said estate; and if such
claims are not presented within three years
from the date of these letters they will be for
ever ecbarrcd. ENOS RATLIFF, Adm'r
of the estate of John Ratliff, dee'd.
To all whom it may concern :
Notice is hereby given that at the annual
July session in 1863, of the Board of County
Commissioners of Davis County, Kansas, there
will be a Petition presented to said Honorable
isoard of Commissioners, pravine for the view
ing and laying out of a county road, from the
south terminus of Washington street, in Junc
tion City, in said county, and from thence up
the Smoky Hill River bottom in a southwest
and westerly direction, on the most practicable
grouna ior a road, crossing Goose Creek at
Matthews' Crossing, to the sontheast corner of
tne southeast quarter of section 24, township
12, south of range 4, east, on the western
boundary line of said Davis county.
E. D. Magill, James Mansfield, R. W. Colwell
And Many Other Citizens.
May 23, 1863. n20-4t.
ON THE 23d-DAY OF AUGUST, 1859,1
pre-empted, at the Land Office at Omlen.
Kansas, the south half of north-east auarter
and lots Ifrs. one and two of section two, town
ship eleven, south, range six, east, containing
162 40-100 acres, by locating thereon Military
Bounty Laad, Warrant, act 1855.- No.40,57-1, j
anu receiving irom tne register duplicate cer
tificate of location, No. 730, which'certincate I
have mislaid or lost. Notice is hereby given
that I have never sold or disposed of said du
plicate. No. 730, nor the tract of land for which
it calls, and that I am still the leeal owner of
ooutf ana tnat oa or after the 30th day of May
next, I shall apply to the Register of the Land
Office at Junction City, Kansas, for the patent
to the land described. All personsinterested
win govern themselves accordingly.
April 18,-n246t JACOB TEPP.
i - a B. WHITE, ,,u
ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR
C.JSSSSS fth KAK8A8. 3
'" business entnbted'to tis care ia Westara
Kvhsu. -' - " - ultf"
J- I Tttlfc
- STlimi & ST1ICKLE1. ;
TAKE PLEASURE IN INFORMING
- THE CITIZENS OF
That They are now RecaiTinjg
AND OPENING A NEW AND WELL
SELECTED STOCK OF
Hats and Caps,
ALL OF WHICH
WE WILL SELL AT THE
IN OUR STOCK WILL CONSTANTLY
MENS', WOMEMS', MISSES', AND
BOOTS AND SHOES,
FOR MEJVJJVD BOYS,
TO OUR STOCK OF
the. attention of the Ladies is partic
WE BOUGHT OUR GOODS TO SELL
AND SHALL BE CONTENT WITH
V!1Y SHALL FllTS
UNTIL GOODS DECLINE TO OLD
and ask an examination of our Stock. No
trouble to show Goods, and no one is ex
pected to. buy whilst examining unless per
WE HAVE DETERMINED TO SELL
GIVE US A TRIAI,
amd test ouk Asarariowa
f STREETER & STRTCKLEIL
Junction City, Blay 8, 1863. f
r ir I
m fk i
Wlieeler & "Wilson's
HAVE WON THE $-
at the Fair of the
U. S. Agricultural
And at the State Fain of Maiae, Vermont
New York, PeaasyWaBU, Miaoianppi,
Ohio, Uliaoia, MichigaBjConftecticBt,
New Jersey, Virginia, Missouri,
Indiana, Kentucky, Wiscon
sin and California.
We prefer thera for Family Use TS. Y. Tribv
They are th Favoiite for Families Nsw
It has No Rival Scientific America.
There are 85,000 Machines in use ia this
country and ia Europe.
This Machine ia Profitable and Arailahlt s
It is equal to Ten Seamstt esses.
An Annual Dividend of 100 to 500 per ctut
(on its cost) may be obtained ia use by its
This is the only Sewing Machine ia the world
making the Lock-Stitch with the Rotating Hook
aad using the Glass -Foot.
The Sales of the Wheeler & Wilso Maehiae
in the single year of 1851 amouated to 10,727 ;
being 3692 more than the combined sales of all
other Sewing Machines.
No. 1. Medium, oa Table, - $65.00
No. 2. Improved Black, on Table. 66.00
No. 3. Slack on Table, - 45.00
Xo. 4. Large Machine, - 75.00
No 5. Cylinder Machine, m 85,00
Instructions will be given to all persons wish
ing to learn the use of the Machine, whether
they become purchasers or not
t&-To Ministers of the Gospel aad for
Charitable Purposes, the Machine are sold at
From the Celebrated Manulactory of George
A. Prince & Co., Buffalo, N. 7.
Of Prince's Mclodeons have been finished ani
are now in use.
B&1he First Premium has uniformly been
awarded io these instruments 'wherever exhib
ited in competition with others.
Mew Organ Melodeou (for churches) $350.90
Double Bank, Double Reed Melodeon, 150.00
Piano Style, Double Reed Melodeon, 150,00
Piano Style, Six Octave Melodeon, 130,00
Double Reed,Five Octave Port.MeIodeon,l30,00
Five Octave, Portable Melodeon, 75.0(1
Four and a half Octave Port. Melcdeon 60.00
Four Octave Portable Melodeon, 45.00
Messrs. THOMPSON, WOODRUFF
Co., of Leavenworth, are the Sole Agents for
Kansas of these justly celebrated instruments.
They have given the sub-agency to Mrs. S. M.
Strickles, who will secure an instrument for -any
person who wishes to purchase at the puba
lished prices. June 20, 1862.
TO ALL OUR WESTERN FRIENDS,
And other, as you come to mill, will waat to
buy some Goods, Cheap for Cash, call at the
at the old stand,
No. 353 Poyntz Artnno.
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED FROM
the Philadelphia market, a large assort
ment of Goods, consisting of
Drv Groods Clothing
Boots and Shoes, Hals and Caps,
TOBACCO, TEA, SUGAR,
SOAP, GOAL OIL,
and other things too numerous to mention:
A. ALSO. Agents for Ayer'a Celebrated
All person desiring to invest Canh for
good Goods will please call aad look through
our stock. JOHN PIPER & Co,
Manhattan, Dec. 25, 1862.
JOHN P. WILEY, or JUNCTION OUT,
keeps at his old stand,
The Claim House .
a good assortment of DRY GOODS & GRO
CERIES, and PROVISIONS, as well as BOOTS
aad SHOES ; and he flatters himself, as ha has
no rent, clerk, or hauling to pay, that ha ia
able to sell as aheap as can be bought at tha
retail houses ia Leareaworth City.
Ilaring traded in St. Louis with Morgan &
McCIung to oter $50,000, and with Heasley ft
Russell, ofLesYeawertk City, aad now selliae
or prominent firms in LeaTt aworth, I Matter
myself that I am regarded, as a prompt aad
well posted man, prepared, if eeeesary to sail
goods for others oa commission, oa fair and
reliable terms, as well at to be able to sell
quite as cheap as they can be purchased in
Western Kansas. Farmers, bring oa yoar
HIDES AlfD PRODUCE,
aad exchange with me, aad hunters, bring ma
your FURS of all kinds, and I will proTe ay
proposition. I also keep a small amount ef
LUlfBEH and COOPER STUFF
on band for sale.
J. C. KENNETT,
; Kenton, Davit County, Ka$a.
Will pronptlj attend- to all tfidt of Sar
vejiog on (eras to Bait the times.
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