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.T5-AU. THE SMOKY HILL AND BEPUBLICAN UNION, " ver -twxsm. r'yy,va)A.grwnmiil ,m.. ct :j "WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OE THE UNIQN,,? t4 - Volume H. JmsrCTION CITY, KANSAS, SA.TTJEDA.Y, ATJGMJST 1, 1863. c r 'Number 89, Smofeg Jjiliaift gUgnlnt Warn, PUBLISHED EVE&T SATCKDAT MORNIXG AT JUNCTION, DAVIS Co., KANSAS. w."b:uitlett. s. m. stbickler, WM.S.BLAKELY, - -Sk. Proprietors. - GEO. W. MARTIN, Editor and Publishers. OFFICE IX BRICK BJILDING. CORNER OF SEVENTH fc WASHINGTON St's. toms or subscription: One copy, one year, -Ten copies, one year, $2.00 - 15.00 Payment required in all cases in advance. All papers discontinued at the expiration of the time for which payment is received. terms or advertising: One square, first insertion, - - $1.00 Each subsequent insertion, 50 Ten lines or less being a square. Yearly advertisements inserted on liberal terms. o JOB WORK done with dispatch, and in the latest style of tne art. ICT Payment required for all Job Work on delivery. A TOUCHING SCEHK. I was conversing not long since with a Returned volunteer. " I was in the hospital, as nurse, for a long time," said he, " and assisted in taking off limbs, and dressing all sorts of wounds; bat tbo hardest things I ever did was to take my thumb off a man's leg." "Ah !" said I; "how was that?" Then he told mo. " It was a young man who had a severe wound in tho thigh. The ball passed com pletely through, and amputation, was ne cessary. The limb was cut off close up to tho body, the arteries taken up, and he seemed to be doing well. Subsequently one of the small arteries sloughed off. An incision was made, and it was again taken up. It is well it was not the main artery said the surgeon, as he performed the ope ration; 'be might bave bled to death before we could have taken it up.' ' But Charley got on finely, and was a favorite with us all. " I was passing through the' ward one night about midnight, when suddenly, as I .was passing Charley's bed, he spoke to me : H , my leg is bleeding again " I threw back the bedclothes, and the blood spirted in the air. The main artery had sloughed off. " Fortunately I knew just what to do, do, and in an instant I had pressed my thumb on tho place, and stopped the bleed ing. It was so close to his body that there was barely room for my thumb ; but I sue 9t Jed in arousing one of the convalescents, and sent him for the surgeon, who soon came in on the run. " ' I am so thankful, H ,' said he, ns he saw mo, that you were up and knew what to do, for he muBt have bled to death before I could have got here.' "But on examination of the case he looked exceedingly serious, and sent for other surgeons. All came that were within reach, and a consultation was held over the poor fellow. One conclusion was reached by all. There was no place to work save tho spot where my thumb was placed ; they could not work under my thumb, and if I moved it he would bleed to death before the artery could be taken up. There was no way to savo his life. " Poor Charley ! He was very calm when they told him, and requested that his brother, who was in the same hospital, might be called up. He came and sat down by the bed-side, and for three hours I stood, and by the pressure of my thumb kept up the life of Charley, while the bro thers had their last conversation on earth. ' It was a strange place for me to be in, to feel that I held the life of a fellow mor tal in my hands, as it were, and stronger yet to feel that an act of mine must cause that life to depart. Loving the poor fellow as I did, it was a hard thought; but there was no alternative. " The last words were spoken, Charley hjejil arranged all his business affairs, and sent tender messages to absent ones, who had little dreamed now near their loved one stood to the grave. The tears filled my eyes more thaa once as I listened to those parting words. All was said, and he turned to me. u Now, H . I guess yon had better take off your thumb.' " Oh, Charley ! how can IV I said. , -ft t But it must be, you know he replied, cheerfully J I thank you very much for your kindness, and now good-bye u He turned away his bead ; I raised my thumb once more the life current gushed forth, and in three minutes poor Charley was dead." m m m Tfc9v'A quaint writer says : " I have seen women so delicate that they arc afraid to ride for fear of the horses running away ; afraid to sail for fear the boat would upset; and afraid to walk for fear the dew might fall;' buj, I never saw one afraid to get married.' .-" .- tsfh.The Washjpgtoa Republican says, there is some shelline in that city every day,, no w-a days, but it denotes peas instead of war. (Boisterous merriment. ) l. i.w e - A" J3F Curran was oace 'asked bv one of pus brother judges, "J)o you see anything rieieulou in this wig?" "Nothing bit the head' was the reply. ILATOtT AT SEW OIXXAVf. Let me describe one or two of the scenes I witnessed in New Orleans, that opened our eyes to the true nature of human bond age. The following incident is the same so well told by the General himself to the committee of the Nsw York Chamber of Commerce, at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, in January last, and which was then reported in full in the New York Times. One of my objects in repeating this story is to il lustrate my implicit confidence inspired by my knowledge of his character in the General's humanity and championship of the weak and downtrodden. Just previous to the arrival of General Banks in New Orleans, I was appointed Deputy Provost Marshal of the city, and held the offico for some days after he had assumed command. One day, during the last week of our stay in the South, a young woman of about twenty years called upon me to complain that her landlord had order ed her out of her house, because she was unable longer to pay the rent, and she wished me to authorize her to take posses sion of one of her father's houses that had been confiscated, he being a wealthy rebel, then in the Confederacy, and actively en gaged in the rebellion. The girl was a perfect blonde in com flexion ; her hair was of a very pretty ight shade of brown, add perfectly straight; her eyes a clear, honest gray ; and her skin as fair and delicate as a child's. Her man ner was modest and ingenuous, and her language indicated much intelligence. -Considering these circumstances, I think I was justified in wheeling around in my chair and indulging in an unequivocal stare of incredulous amazement when, in the course of conversation, she dropped a re mark about having been born a slave. 1 Do you mean to say,' said I, that you have negro blood in your veins?' Aad I was conscious of a feeling of embarrassment at asking a question so apparently prepos terous. " ' Ypa ' aha ronltml anil ffion rolatad iha .-, WW ...f .W, --- ,-w.. .W...W.. .-- history of her life, which I shall repeat as briefly as possible. . My father,' she commenced, ' is Mr. Cox, formerly a judge in one of the courts in this city. He was very rich, and owned a great many houses here. There is one of them over there, she remarked, naively pointing to a bnndsomo residence opposite my office in Canal street. My mother was one of his slaves. When I was suf ficiently grown, he placed mo at school at the Mechanics' Institute Seminary, on Broadway, New York. I remained there till I vras about fifteen years of age, when Mr. Cox came on to New York and took me from the school to a hotel, where he obliged me to Vive with him as his mistress, and to-day, at the age of twenty-one, I am tho mother of a boy five years old who is my tatner s son. Alter remaining some time in New York, he took me to Cincin nati and other cities at the North, ia all of which I continued to -live with him as before. During this sojourn in the Free States, I induced him to give me a deed of manumission,-but on our return to New Orleans he obtained it from me, and de stroyed it. At this time I tried to break off the unnatural connection, whereupon he caused me to be publicly whipped in the streets in the city, and then obliged me to marry a colored man ; and now he has run off, leaving me without the least provision against want or actual starvation, and I ask you to give me one of his houses that I may have a home for myself and three little children Strange and improbable as this story appeared, I remembered, as it progressed, that I had heard it from Gov. Shepley, who as well as Gen. Butler, had investigated it, and learned that it was not only true in every particular, but was perfectly familiar to the citizens of New Orleans, by whom Judge Cox had been elected to administer justice. The clerks of my office, most of whom were old residents of the city, were well informed in the facts of the case, and at tested the truth of the girl's story. I was exceedingly perplexed, and knew not what to do in the matter; but after some thought I answered her thus : 'This Department has changed rulers, and I know nothing of the 'policy of the new commander. If Gen. Butler were still in authority, I should not hesitate a moment to grant your requestfor, even if I should commit an error of judgment, I am perfectly certain he would overlook it, and applaud the act; but Gen. Banks might be less indulgent, and make very serious trouble with me for taking a step he would perhaps regard as unwarrantable.' I still hesitated, undecided how to act, when suddenly a happy thought struck me, and, turning to the'girl, I added : To-day is Thursday; next Tuesday I leave this city with Gen. Butler for a land where, thank God! such wrongs as jours cannot exist; and as General Banks is deeply engrossed in the immediate basinets at headquarters, he will hardly hear of my action before the ship leaves so I am go ing to give yon the house I am sure the kind hearted reader will find no fault with me that I took particular pains to select one of the largest of her father's houses, (it contained for?" roams,) when she told me that she wanted to let the apartment as a means of support ;fer -her-self aad her children. My only regret in the case was that Ifo Cox had not been considerate enough to leave n carriage and a pair of bays on my hands, that I might have had the sstiafac tion of enabling his daughter to disport Herself about the city in a style corres- pondiag to her importance as a member of so wealthy aad respectable a family. And this story I have just told reminds me of another, similar in many respects. One Sunday morniog, last summer, as I came down stairs to the breakfast room, I was surprised to find a large number of per son assembled in the library. When I reached the door a member of the staff took me by the arm, and drew me into the room toward a young and delicate mulatto girl who was standing against the opposite wall, with the meek, patient bear ing of her race, so expressive of the system of oppression to which they have been so long subjected. Drawiag down the border of her dress, my conductor showed me a sight more revolting than I trust ever again to behold. The poor girl's back was flayed until the quivering flesh resembled a fresh beefsteak scorched on a gridiron. With a cold chill creeping through my veins, I turned away from tne sickening spectacle, and for aa explanation of the affair scanned the vari ous persons about the room. In the centre of the group, at his writ ing table, sat the General. His head rested on his hand, and he evidently endeavoring to fix bis attention upon the remarks of a tall, swarthy-looking man who stood oppo site, and who, I soon discovered, was the owner of the girl, and was attemptiqg a defense of the foul outrage he bad commit tea upon tne unresisting and helpless per son of his unfortunate victim, who stood smarting, but silent, under the dreadful pain inflicted by the brutal lash. By the side of the slaveholder stood our Adjutant General, his face livid with almost irrepressible rage, and his fists tight-clenched, as if to violently restrain himself from visiting the guilty wretch with summary and retributive justice. Disposed about the room, in various attitudes, but all ex hibiting in their countenaces the same ming ling of horror and indignation, were other members of the Staff, while, near the door, stood three or four house servants, who were witnesses in the case. To the charge of administering the inhu man castigation, Landry (the owner of the girl) pleaded guilty, but urged in extenua tion that the girl had dared to make an effort for that freedom which her instincts, drawn from the veins of her abuser, had taught her was the God-given right of all who possess the germs of immortality, no matter what the color of the casket in which it is hidden. I say, 'drawn from the veins of her abuser because she declared she was his daughter, and every one in the room, look ing upon the man and woman confronting each other, confessed that the resemblance justified the assertion. After the conclusion of all the evidence in the case, the General continued in the same position as before, and remained for some time apparently lost in abstraction, I shall never forget the expression on his face. I had been accustomed to see him in a storm of passion at any instance of oppres sion or flagrant injustice; but on this occasion he was too deeply affected to ob tain relief in the usual way. His whole air was one of dejection, al most listlessness; his indignation too in tense, and bis anger too stern, to find expression even in his countenance. Never have. I seen that peculiar look but on three or four occasions similar to the one I am narrating, when I knew he was pondering on the baleful curse that had cast its withering blight upon all around, until the manhood and humanity were crushed out of the people, and outrages such as the above were looked upon with complacency, and the perpetrators treated as respected aad worthy citizens and that he was realizing the great truth, that, how ever man might endeavor to guide this war for the advantage of a favorite idea or a sagacious policy, the Almighty was direct ing it surely and steadily for the. purifica tion of our country from this greatest of national sins. B But to return to my story. After sit ting in the mood which I have described at such length, the General again turned to the prisoner, and said, in a quiet, subdued tone of voice : Mr. Landry, I dare.not trust myself to decide to-day what punishment would be meet for your offence, for I am in that state of mind that I fear might exceed the stnet demands of justice. I shall therefore plaee you under guard for tho present, until I A few days after, a number of influen tial citizens having represented to the Gen eral that Mr. Landry was not only a 'high toned gentleman but n person of unusual amiability' of character, and was souse queutly entitled to no small degree of lenteuey, ft answerea uw, in exmwaenmon of the prisoner's high-toned' character, and especially of his 'amiability of which kt had seen ss remarkable a proof, he had determined to meet their views, and there- fere ordered that Laadrv give a deed of maaamini" to to the girl, and pay a tne of Ire hundred doUars, to UpUeed in tan hands ofa trustee for her benef t, JsJrtraoa Davis ja infering in de feet. -T i 7t L t .l w II V II 1 II Tl . luacuoM, majuis, AlgUt 1, 1863. IE1TDS F10M PHILOe Tte Inra-iaa Obecked-Tbe Alarm In the City of --- Avp-u- m, wiim iKiorr oi ue. Armr of the FotomacOtlbratio& of the Fourth la the ,??"J'Mo,,l Jm,r Hedeemed-Appearaaee eXCkmiederrfeFii-e-itTe-ClLarltttoa. Philadelphia, July 15th, 1863. Dear Union The anniversary of our Coun try's independence has come and passed once more; aad though it found us wearing as as pect of gloom, the setting rays of the sua had scarcely announced that the .Fourth of July was drawiag to a close ere the streets of our cities nag with the intelligence that the inva ding army of Lee the vandal hordes of the Confederacy had met with a repulse on the soil of Pennsylvania, the effects of which will be felt until rebellion shall be as a thing of the past The paper that contained my last letter announced to your readers the removal of Gen. Hooker from the command of the Army of the Potomac, the capture of Carlisle, and the ad vance upon Harrisburg. I need not attempt to tell you of the excitement in Philadelphia, as every hour brought fresh rumors, fearfully magnified, of the advance of the rebel hosts. Suffice it to say, that real alarm was felt ; and the known weakness of Meade's army gave abundant cause for alarm. Places of business were closed, and labor suspended. Crowds filled our streets, and offers of men and means freely made to defend our soil. The capture of York and Wrightsville, and the destruction of the bridge at Columbia, roused our citizens to the necessity of immediate efforts for protection, as it seemed probable that a few days might see the " graybacks " wandering through our streets. Some of the more fearful of our busi ness men packed up their goods for transmis sion to New York, and all began to realise, in thought, at least, the beauties of war at our own doors. But all is 'now changed. Closely pursued by the Army of the Potomac, Lee was compell ed to concentrate the forces that had been scattered along our border in search of plunder, and to give Meade battle on his own ground. The result of the first day's fight seemed to have been rather unfavorable, oftx forces occu pying Gettysburg, but being compelled to re tire. The next day the rebel General tried hii favorite plan of hurling large masses of troops on one wing of our army, and being foiled in this, on the other, and afterwards on the cen tre. The attack on the centre, after the repulse on the wings, seems to have been made with the expectation that there he would find the Pennsylvania militia, and if successful here, he would pierce to our rear, destroy the trains, and cut off all the communications. This attack, however, was the most disastrous of all, and, beaten at all points, losing fearfully in killed, wounded and prisoners, harassed by our cavalry, and his teams being constantly in danger, Lee commenced his retreat to the Po tomac, which he has now succeeded in crossing; and he now returns to the more congenial neighborhood of Richmond a sadder I dare not hope, a better man. The Army of the Potomac, frequently baptized in blood, though never signally successful, under a General who had but a few days given him to make himself acquainted with its details, has now covered itself with imperishable glory, and wiped out the record of the seven day's battles, Freder icksburg, and Chancellorsville. To the survi vors, honor to the brave who have fallen, enriching with their life-blood the soil of their country, the remembrance of a grateful coun try is due. Not alone in the East, however, has the Fourth of July been made memorable for suc cesses gained. On that day the last great stronghold of rebellion surrendered to the indomitable Grant, and the Army of the West can wear Vicksburg on its banners as the re cord of the greatest victory of the war. The day saw, also, the gallant repulse of the rebels at Helena, Arkansas, by the forces under General Prentiss; and ere a week had elapsed, Bose- erans had compelled Pragg to relinquish the position .he had held for months, with the loss of scarcely a man. The 13th brought us the intelligence of the surrender of Port Hudson, and the Mississippi is now open from its source to its mouth. Are these harbingers of a peace that is soon to shed its rays over our country ? This month for two years has been prolific of bad news; but July, 1863, thus1 far, redeems the month that chronicled the first and second battles of Bull Run. Prisoners and wounded are constantly arri ving ia our city, and they present a forlorn aad miserable appearance. The wonder is, hew such men fight at alL Hatlees, shoeless, with scarcely a rag to cover their -nakedness, sallow and weak-looking, the eye gases only with pity en these victims ef the ambitious designs ef the slaveocracy. May this invol untary visit to the cities of the North open their eyes to the benefits to be realised by a znturn to the Union! You wiB know ere this reaches you, that another attack has been made upon that hot-bed ef 'secession, Charleston this time with store prospect ef sueeess, as the works e Morris Island, with the exception effort Wanner, had been reduced. What ether success has been aceeiplishfd, we de net yet knew, though to-day we hew an suuemm mentef the eaftare ef the city. uJ graa that this maybe true, that the rebeiuen may receive its death-blew in the city where it originated, and that the prediction of an amy omcer uai ue war win ne over in uuiry aaja, nuy be speedily verified. Yours hopefully, Pnuos. Th Fewer a-td GreataeM oftke X The Zxee-tioBa Large PrepeeG-Tk Hew Tetk ia Philadelphia. juotj-f-rmit-; or Cop-rui TeaekJac-The Draft PuiLADEtPPiA, July 19th, 1863. Dear Union Philosophers have for years been expending the vocabulary of language ia picturing to aa the greatness aad power of their own species. How wonderful a work is saan! How majestic in form ! How gigantic ia intel lect, in intelligence 1 How like a god he towers above; while moving among, the other produc tions of the Master Hand! The fruits of his iatelli- geaee and industry are sees on every hand ; his hips plough the ocean, carrying from one coun try its productions to another, aad bearing to the uttermost parts of tho earth the fruits of his toil ; the plough, the steam-engine, the priatiBg-preee. and the thousand other inventions ef his fertile brain, are constantly adding to his wealth, in creasing Jiii power, and enabling him to com municate his thoughts, and extend his know ledge, to other and less favored lands. With all this, and ia view of recent develop ments, he must have been somewhat of a satirist who declared that " man is but a little lower thaa the angels." Possessed of reason, which more than anything else distinguishes him from tho brute creation, he should be able to bring mind to bear upoa matter, aad distinguish right from wrong. How lamentably deficient a large proportion of those who own "the human fcee divine" are in this respect, a glance need be taken no farther than the confines of our own country. The bitter strife in Kansas consequent upon the efforts to force shivery upon its people was pne of these evidences. Another is the attempt to build upon this same system, a gov ernment which shoald override all the convic tions of tbo civilized world.by declaring that all society is based upon two classes the slave and the master. The third and last example to which I wish to call your attention, and the one which, perhaps, more than the others, is the most conspicuous, from the insignificant charac ter of the principles involved, is the late riot ia New York, avowedly dirested against the con scription act. Before the acts of this mob this " monster all limbs and no brains" all acts of all other mobs pale. The. saxs culottes of the French Revolution were angels of mercy in com parison with the fiends who for a few days held their horrid saturnalia in the streets of the Em pire City. While opposition to the draft was the ostensible provocative, this flimsy pretext was in a few hours abandoned, and for days these wretches indulged in acts by which the Fejee Islanders would consider themselves disgrased. and competed with which the treatment of Indians to their captives is meseiful. To quote from, one of our papers : " Buffianisea in its foul est shspe triumphed in the streets of New York. Murder held its demon revelries with savage vindictiveness. Highway robbery boldly plied its mission in broad daylight Arson waved-its torch on high, and lawlessness in every form had unrestrained license. The destruction of pro perty was frightful ; the maltreatment of inno cent persons who had nothing to do with the draft, or its enforcement, was sickening." One poor negro, whose only crime was that his oolor -differed from that of his assailants, beinsr cap tured, was stripped of every particle of clothing but his shirt, suspended to a tree with a rope round his nssk, and the shirt set on fire. A Colonel O'Bryne was beaten almost to a jelly, tossed about in the street, while insensible, and eventually hud in his own yard, where, hading that life was not yet extinct, the brutal assaults of the mob were continued ; and one raffias, if possible more cowardly than the rest, gave a dirk-knife to a boy standing by, with the com mand to plunge it into the breast of the dying man. These are not isolated instances. Every one, whom the blinded passions of these demons led them to consider ss 'their opponents, was. similarly treated. The residence of the Mayor, the Colored Orphan Asylum, the enrolling oftees in the different wards, and whole blocks of houses, the occupants of which had done no thing to incite this spirit, were destroyed. Their principal efforts, however, were directed against the poor negroes. This hss been for some time operating, having had its origin some months sgo. The avowed motive wss that they fthe whites) could not compete with blask labor, and the insane idea that the negroes are the cause of the wsr, made them more fiendish in the execu tions of their designs. Age nor sex made no dittereace, and the aged female, aad tender infant, equally with the able-bodied man, were alike maltreated. It was noticeable, abe,-that nothing which was of value escaped confiscation, and men were knocked down and robbed in the streets simply because they looked respectable. One large elethiag store wss entered and $C0,t0e worth of goods stolen. The soorse of the City authorities sad the State Executive was eqaally 'despicable. The Governor, instead of eotasaaading the rioters to disperse, sad promptly applying for the arilitsry to repress their desBoaatrations, opposed to the last martial law, aad estreated his friends to go to their homes. The City Councils had a bill iatrodaeed before them appropriating $300,000 to pay for the exemption ef all drafted ssen ; and the whole course of the assaontaes Mas been srifring eotammtary ape the fruit ef Copper head tesehiag, whieh saa-Od sense a horror of thai heresy ia the saiad of every henestman,n taetfcrr what his previous eptaiens may leave The general epialen seems to be vhat tirie unthtsskwae ssmsthjaf ssere than amsmeui bentef feeling, and that it was assuaged for, aad nietied by, afsnts ef the rebeUiea, aided and. abetted by usisiatinlim fslitisisas, with the heps of erippling the Government, aad em bsrrseiine; the Admin-ft-ation," Fortuaately, I however, the latter has proved itself equal a the estergeaey, aad thevgkr daring the? first twn oays oc tee preTalesee of the riot, it was handed somewhat geatiy, nader the eahramnt ef something more than blaak cartridges and ne? saasioae, it sooa died eat. Yoa will see hj the papers that a man named Andrews, a YtrginMi and one of the sr-akrs.at the late paaeasieeV iags held ia New York, has. been arrsats aa one of the ringleaders. The draft is stBj h rigorously enforced by the Government, and those of the rioters, who have Pmed mrejmh the uprising unharmed, will find that aotealv will they have to pay ia increased burdens Job the property destroyed, but stand their ehsnee of becoming food for fuvd.es (I eould hope) in place of better men. Ia Philadelphia, the draft hss been sjaing cm daring the past week,, bu very quietly, and without the least indication of a distnrhanee, though some sympathizers with rebellion smart that the people are armed. But our eity anther. ities are " fore-waned, sarVarmed," and tales, indications of a riotous spirit wil be, ae Burn; side woqld say, " handled without gtovesV The news from the seat of wsr eeatiaues shear ing. Shermaa has attacked and defeated John son's rear guard, taking filOQ prisoners, mid Blast u reported to have taken Little Bosk, with a. large number of prisoners. Atofeth.er.the) Confederacy is estimated to have lest is killed, wounded, and captured, siaee the 1st of July, an aggregate of QQ,Q0Q men. Yours, hopefully, Furies. Archbishop Hughes hss also get hissself into) somewhat of a scrape, having invited the slew York rioters to visit his house for advise, ad dressing them as the "Men of New York who ere called ia many of the papers rioters," aad characterizing himself in his speech as their father. Jn the daily papers, top, ke hss brought himself into notice, with results in no way cred itable to him. P. A FlOCLhMATIOir. Br the FresMeat ef the 9?a.te4 Stales of I matte t, It has pleased Almighty God to kearken to the supplications aid prayers of an af flicted people, aad to vouchsafe to the army and navy of the United State., on the lamf and on. the sea, so signal and so effective an to famish reasonable gronnjda for augment ed confidence that the Union of these States will be maintained, their-3onstitntios "rev manently preserved but these vieeriea have been aeoordsd not without sacriioe of life, limb and liberty, incurred, by brave, patriotic and loyal citisens. omestin affliction in every part of the country fol lows fn the train of thene fearful knave ntents. It is meet ami right to recognise aad confess the prentnen of the Almighty Father, and the power of His hand equally in these triumphs and these sorrows. Now, therefore, belt known that I da set apart Thursday, the sixth day of Asfe gust next, to be observed as s day' of Nan tionsl Thanksgiving, praise and prayer, ane I invite the people of the Uejtsd States to, assemble on that occasion in their cneto mary places of worship, and in the ferns. approved by their own eousoieeee, render the homage due to the Divine Majesty foe the wonderful things He has done in the) Nation's behalf, end invoke the ininenoe ofr His Holy Spirit, to subdue the anger whieh baj produced, and so long sustained n need less and cruel rebellfen; to change the) hearts of the insurgents ; to guide the eonsH sels of the Government with wisdom ade quate to so great n national emergency, ami to visit with tender cure, and consolation throughout tho length nod breadth of mar land, all those who, through the vioiasitaien of marches, voysges, battles and saigas, hewn been brought to safer in mind, body or estate, and iaally to lead the whole Nation, through the paths of refeatance and sub-. mission, to the Divine -will, back to the) perfect enjoyment of ITaion and fraternal. peace. In witness whereof' I have hermnto see my hand aad caused the seal of the Unitssl States to be smxsd. Done at the City of Washington thin 15th day of July, iuv the year of our Lore! one thoomad eight huadred and sixty-three, and of tho independence of the Usies States of America the eighty-seventh. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By tho President, William H. Skwabd, See'y of State, Probably no Sura in the Sewthetn Con federacy has been treated mors ihamsfnllw bv Jeff. Davis than tho oM North 8mm, Tho truth is, there aro hoses of Union najm there. The Richmond Senttmtl sailsi mmn to growl them into submission, Itsaysi There aro sosne very bed ainsssmma in) North Csroltnn calling themselves sonsatr atives, and they employ nil their arta in imbuing their readers with' wrong santi menU. They watch diligently for every possible pretext of oomplsiut against the) Confederacy and its authorities; draw gloomy pictures of its prospects; e all they can to make duty irksome; eneonrsgn discontent and even positive rebellion, and talk ha tho most absurd strains ahewt the) necessity of making immediate nests ami stopping tho war. All thmm treaeea, tarn nered with sewnrsnes. .ssimsimjP, they darn. They snggoet more than they l.r. aav. XIO WCOOer tftC, WltU papers to poison thn minds of tho solsnsra, tfeeotie Go-eruer ben hud to hmns n uroclamarissi sgaimw. dsscrtiou, nsrEveu BiisjfaaaY osmg'a wtreaart affected with tho mJTsUry spirit; they Quel their husband priggv-dcar.