OCR Interpretation


The Smoky Hill and Republican union. (Junction City, Kan.) 1861-1864, October 03, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84030186/1863-10-03/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

3r
THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
j
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION."
Volume II.
JUNCTION CITY, KJSTSS, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1863.
Number 48.
Smofef gill anb JSepnij'n Wm,
FCBLMHED ETERr SATCRDAT MORXINO AT
JUNCTION, DAVIS Co., KANSAS.
W. K. BARTLETT. S. M. STRICKLER,
Proprietors.
WM. S. BLAKELY. - - - GEO. W. MARTIN,
Editors and Publishers.
FFICE IX BRICK BUILDING. CORNER OF
SEVENTH A WASHINGTON St's.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Ont copy, one year, .... $2.00
Tea comes, one year, .... 15.00
Payment required in all cases in advance.
All papers discontinued at the ezniration of th
"" wiiicu pnymeni is received.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING:
Ont square, first insertion, - - $1.00
Each subsequent insertion, 50
Ten lines or less being a square.
Yearly advertisements inserted on liberal terms.
job"w6rtt
dona with dispatch, and in the latest atyle of
iu in.
CT Payment required for all Job Work on
delivery.
GRAPE VINES SENT BY MAIL.
I will offer for sale this fall (1863) and
next spring over one thousand good, hardy,
Acclimated grape (layered) roots, worth (in
my estimation) double the price of roots
from cuttings. The vines from which they
are propagated have been growing on Kan
as soil for six 3 ears, consequently are as
well acclimated as vines can be in that
length of time, which - is a matter of fai
greater importance than is generally sup
posed by those unacquainted with the grape.
I have made the grape a special study for
ten years and have been testing scores of
different varieties on Kansas soil for seven
Tears, but at present cannot recommend
more than half a dozen of truly hardy va
netiea adapted to our climate. I in tea d to
continue testing every promising variety as
well as originating new varieties, and will,
as oon as I discover them adapted to our
climate, oner them tor sale.
I have been careful, without any regard
to cost, in selecting my original stock, when
possible, from the original vines, and taken
special pains to procure the vines true to
name. On account of the high prices paid
for good and well-tested hardy grapes, the
West has been flooded by unscrupulous
dealers with comparatively worthless grapes.
Many of them may be sccdings from the
same or a similar grape, and inexperienced
grape-growers find it impossible to distin
guish between them and the true grope, and
know nothing of the imposition, until after
37 vs of patient waiting and care they dis
cover the fraud. There is scarcely a grape
of any note but what has a counterfeit.
Evea the old Isabella, which is compara
tively worthless, compared with some "of the
new varieties, has nine spurious "competi
tors." There are spurious Delawares, Con
cords, Dianas, &c.
Again, many of the new varieties, on
account of the great demand for them, have
been propagated from feeble shoots and
consequently must always have a feeble
constitution their descendants must neces
sarily inherit the same weak properties of
the parent vine. This has been the case
especially with the Delaware and Diana.
Dr. Grant says good plants of the Delaware
can nerer be produced for a small price.
Grapo vine roots should never be propa
gated from a vine planted less than three
or four years.
The great mass of the people are anxious
to procure grape vines cheap. They will
ot purchase a good hardy grape, free from
the rot and other diseases for two or three
dollars when they can get the Catawba and
Isabella for twenty-five cents. I have this
year propagated the Catawba and Isabella
for sale, but net for my own planting
There are many who will purchase these
grapes because they never have tested bet
ter grapes. In speaking of those who pro
pagate such grapes as the Catawba and
Isabella for sale, Dr. Grant, the great grape
)wer of iNew York, says:
It is like directing the thirsty wayfarer
first to the mirey pool on the left, 1a which
cattle stand, where the water is offensive to
all the senses, and destitute of all refresh
sent ; while on the right, no farther dis
tant, clear, refreshing springs are found,
shaded, and with clear grassy borders
The Doctor adds, " That such counsels are
wery nnfair," and that -" our people are not
, so delicate but that they can bear the full
kblaxeofday."
That is, they had better be advised to
buy the BEST grapes instead of the poor
grape varieties. In fact, a good hardy
grape that can be purchased for two or
three dollars will pay its price to the owaer
the third or fourth year after planting, and
-every year thereafter will produce grapes
enough to pay the original cost of the vine;
bit those who do not understand the health
fulness and profit of grspes cannot be per
evaded to pay one, two or three dollars for
a vine, yet in the end the vines called dear
at 1, $2, or $3, are cheaper than as Isa
bella or Catawba at one or two cents. This
nssertiou may not be believed by some, but
ia f ve years hence they will fad it true
when they compare their cheap vines, and
the fmit produced therefrom, with the
& Mr. Griffia, Dr. Phelps, B. Huat
.ag'f G. Banes, Dr. 8tillman, A. J. Mead,
John W. Kpher, Mr. Woodman, Jadge
John Pinker, Samuel Willisson, C. P.
Briggeand others, who hive proeured the
T
new hardy, acclimated, and well-tested
grapes from me. They may then be like
Mr. Samuel Fowler, and other persons,
whose Catawba vines were killed to the
ground by the frost of last October, and
who intend to dig them up and replant
their ground with the hardy vines, such as
1 offer for sale.
The vines I offer for sale withstood the
severe frost of last October, exposed to
every point of the compass.
The one year old vines of Dr. William
H. Stillnnn, near Manhattan, were exposed
all winter (as well as to the severe frost of
October, 1862,) and were uninjured. In
short, I offer grape vine roots for sale that
were exposed to the winter of 1857, and
every winter since, without being in the
hast injured by the cold.
Those who wish to purchase vines true to
name, which have produced fruit in this
climate, and are therefore well acclimated.
should not delay planting vines any longer,
It requires a vine to be planted three or
four years before it will produce much
fruit, and every year's delay in planting
will keep you from enjoying the luscious
fruit so much the longer, and as I intend to
let my vines rest and grow sound wood
next summer, for propagating in 1865, it
is therefore doubtful whether I can spare
grape roots ia the spring of 1865.
I have tested grapes bearing the name of
these I offer for sale, and failed with them.
I therefore do not say that grapes which
you can purchase in the East, of the same
name, will succeed here, bnt those 1 offer
for sale I will guarantee will succeed, if
properly planted, as I have tried them and
there is no danger of them failing to grow,
as they will not be removed to a different
climatp. I have a large assortment of dif
ferent varieties growing which I have not
yet fully tested, but will offer no grape
vine for sale until I am satisfied they will
succeed in our climate. Therefore those
who purchase from me will save the expense
and three or four years1 time in testing
grapes for themselves. Grapes that grow
rampant in New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania,
and other States, and bear enormous crops
of good fruit, may notfsucceed in our cli
mate. Grapes that succeed here may fail
in other States ; I am for that reason ex
perimenting with every variety of grape
'hat I can procure.
George Husman, the great Missouri grape
grower, says, "The ne;r varieties produce
five times an much as the Catawba." There
is no more labor or trouble with the new
varieties, nor do they occupy much more
space. The difference is that the Catawba
and Isabella are easily propagated, and
there is no pale for them, and they can be
purchased for from To cents to 82.25 less,
and the fruit bearing season when the Ca
tawba will produce a peck of grapes, the
new varieties, according to the statements
of Dr. Mcrhersoo, George Husman, Dr.
Spaulding, and dozens of other grape grow
ers, would produce one bushel and a peck.
On my own list I reject the Catawba and
Isabella, but for those who xcill buy tbem I
have propagated some. I will sell the
Catawba and Isabella for from twenty-five
to fifty cents ; the Concord, from one dol
lar to two dollars and fifty cents; the
Diana from one dollar to three dollars:
the Delaware from two dollars to five dol
lars. I have, for the present, a nameless
grape, the Hardest vine 1 nave, which 1
will sell for fifty cents up to two dollars.
The nameless grape I have heretofore sold
for two dollars, but having a larger lot. 1
will sell small roots cheaper. The price
will vary according to the sice and quality
of the vine.
I will send any of the above grape roots
by mail, well packed in oil-cloth and moss,
on the receipt of the above catalogue price,
except Catawba and Isabella, for which ten
cents additional must be sent for each root.
I am cultivating blackberries and other
small fruit and expect to offer certain varie
ties for sale next year, as I want another
year to test them more fully.
I intend to issue a catalogue, to which
will be added, each year, any new grape
fully tested, as well as small fruits, which
will be sent to any person upon receipt of a
stamp so pay postage. Next year's cata
logue will contain directions for pruning,
training vines, &c. Grape vine roots, when
paid for, will be delivered, in good order,
at Manhattan, when required, or at my
propagating garden seven miles north of
Manhattan, in the Big Blue Valley.
Address, A. M. BURNS,
Manhattan P. O, Riley County, Kansas.
THE CIVIL WAS IH AMSBICA.
ImfAjollv fellow had an office next
door to a doctor s. One day, an elderly
gentleman of the old fogy school blundered
into the wrong shop.
" Is the doctor in V
' Don't live here," said the.lawyer who
was in full scribble over his documents.
Oh ! I thought this was his ofEoe."
t "Next door."
" Pray, sir, can you tell me has the doc
tor many patients V
" Not living."
The old gentleman told the story in the
vicinity, and the doctor threatened the law
yer with a libel suit.
stout
- A mathematician being asked fcj a
fellow: "If two pin weirh tmstv
pound haw math will a stoat keg weigh?"
The mathematician replied
"Jump into the lealee, audi will tell
yon immediately."
What the Mew Special of tk London Tunes Sara.
The venal Maekay who has so long mis
represented the North in the columns of the
London Times, has been relieved by Mr.
Mariotti. This is what the new correspon
dent says of the war. writing from Wash
ington :
I bad seen soldiers enough in New York,
in Boston, throughout the Eastern cities,
and needed hardly to visit Washington to
come to the conclusion that the word " sol
dier " must be understood in America to
convey a different meaning from that uni
versally received among the well organized
and civilised nations of Europe. Of the
dashing and enduring valor, of the hardi
hood and perseverance of American fighting
men on either side, the world has for the
last three years received more than sufficient
evidence, and the laurels they have reaped
ia the field cannot be tarnished bv any
word of disparagement that may be breath
ed as to their tidiness and discipline in
camp. No one could be unwilling to make
great allowance for the circumstances under
which a host of one million of combatants
were suddenly called to arms, for the nature
of the men who supplied the rank and file,
for the inexperience of the leaders, for the
carelessness to call it no worse name of
the rulers at the War Department. It
takes years to make a soldier; and here,
not an army, bat a host of armies, was to
be got up at a moment's notice. But when
all was said, and when forced, disastrous
marches, want of accommodation, and the
worst of management were taken into ac
count, there still remained great reason to
marvel at the prodigious dirt and squalor of
the American soldiery. I saw squads of
armed men in New York in the streets of a
city running with bountiful streams, who
seemed to have a horror of water, as if the
pure element had power to wash " the very
marrow out of a strong man's bones," as if
the parting with the crust of many days'
dirt was as painful to them as to the victor
ious racer of ancient times to shake the
Olympic dust off his chariot wheels. They
seemed actually to delight and revel in dirt,
and in the tatters of their loose hanging
garments, in the rust of their dinted and
twisted weapons. They bad gone through
bard work, and were fain to call the world
to witness of the strenuousness of their ex
ertions.
When this is said the very worst is said
with regard to the outward look of these
champions of the American Union. The
mere monnschxtft, as the Germans have
it the thews and sinews, the mean
and bearing of the great bulk of the
Northern army are all that the heart
of its leaders could wish. There arc no
very high statures, no very bulky frames
among them. Tbey are, most of them,
men of middle size, lean and lank, narrow
shouldered, stooping and shambling in many
instances. Tbey look worn and sullen, but
they bear every mark of stern endurance
and dogged resolution. They have no spare
flesh, no exuberant spirits, no song, no
frolic; but they look like work up to
their business, which is to kill, or die.
Tbey seem less eager for victory than for
the fearful amount of blood and treasure
by which tbey are to achieve it. " Are
they sure to take Charlrston ?" yon ask.
" Aye. sure as death. The cost will be
tremendous ; but who would wish to have
it at a cheap rate?" " Hang the expense,"
is the motto. It is not of the result of
their mighty effort that they are proud;
but of the capabilities and resources of
their country in putting forth such colossal
power. The big war, tbey are anxious to
prove, bears full proportions with the- big
ness of the report. Every man seems to
swell before you as he dwells on the gigan
tic strength the State brings into the field.
The navy has raised the number of men of
war which were only sixty at the out
break of hostilities to six hundred. What
to-day cost millions, to-morrow will rise to
tens of millions. Tbey are not sorry for
it; they are delighted at it; they will have
no rest till the expense shall be hundreds
of millions ! A steam frigate founders, a
regiment is cut to pieces, an iron clad is
sunk by the enemy. Hurrah! All the
greater their joy." Here they are, ready
with four new regiments, with four more
steam frigater, with ten additional iron
dads. Failure braces them np even more
than success would elste -them. All they
are anxious to show is the boundlessness of
their means. There is no loss they cannot
repair, no waste, no extravagance they can
not afford. Of this the world must be
well assured. It is in this extent, ia this
expaasiveaess of their means, that lies the
certainty of their progress to the end.
They want to make much of it, doubtless ;
they brag an intolerable deal about it, we
are all sure. It is on this lavish, wanton
display of unlimited power that they lay
their hope of its irresistableness. It is by
it that they aspire to strike dismay and
despair into the hearts of their present foe
that they trust to overawe their eventual
enemy. , Jlow can the South, how can Eu
rope, have a chance to stand against this
uBweery giant? Let the straggle be pro
longed for ever to, many Jh let the for
tune m war be aver se nekie, and soeatas
alternate ever ae blindly, America eaanot
fail tn weai ont all anhmmiinm.
The feeling of heetility to EncksmV
whieh was deep and earnest in New York,
acquires fresh liveliness and interest as I
draw near to the seat of government in
Washington. It may be all idle vaporing
and talk. There may be nothing ia it.
Men must judge of it in England as their
sober judgment prompts them; but I can
not help seeing and noticing what fails
oeiore my aaiiy oDservation. it men ever
meant what they say, the Americans must
and will have war with England a big
war, a war like what they are now waging
against the South, granting no quarter, and
aiming at utter extermination.
ODTKEAL LETS FAMILY.
(Cor. N. T. StiUaxnan
Washington, August, 1863.
It has occurred to me that some clear
and definite account of the Lee familv.
which is figuring so conspicuously in the
rebellion, may not be uninteresting.
Lieut. General Robert E. Lee is the son
of a revolutionary officer. His father,
Henry Lee, born in Virginia 1756, gradu
ated at Princeton in 1773 ; joined the main
army as a captain of cavalry in 1777, and
attracting the notice of Gen. Washington,
was soon made Lieut. Colonel, and placed
in command of a separate mounted corps,
and in this capacity served under General
Greene with great distinction, from 1780
to the end of the war He was known as
Light Horse Harry Lee, and the conspicu
ous services of " Lee's Legion " belong to
history. A delegate in Congress in 1786,
in which body he continued till the adop
tion of the Constitution of which he was
an advocate, Governor from '91 to '94,
and a member of Congress in 1799. When
Washington died he was selected as the
member to deliver the eulogy on the occa
sion. It wss in this oration that he uttered
the memorable words : u First in war, first
in
peace,
and
first in the hearts of his
countrymen. He was made a general in
the militia after tho war, and was known
by the name of " General Harry Lee."
In business he was notoriously dishonorable
and was for a long time confined to jail
limits for debt, during which period he
wrote his valuable ' Memoirs of the South
ern Campaign ;" a work out of print and in
great request at this time. In resisting the
mob in Baltimore, in 1814, be was severe
ly wounded, and carried to the jail for
safety. He died in Georgia, in 1818.
The rebel general Robert was born in
1806, graduated at West Point, the second
in his class, in 1829, and was assigned to
the Corns of .hngincer. lie wa Chief
Engineer under Gene.al Wool in Mexico ;
wounded at Cbopultepcc, and frequently
promoted and greatly distinguished through
out the campaign. When the rebellion
opened he was Lieut. Colonel of the 2d U.
S. Cavalry, and it is well known that, not
an original secessionist, he wavered in bik
ing his place, and was finally dragged into
the rebellion under the Virginia notion of
State rights. His wife is the only child of
the late George Washington Parke Custi?,
whose large and valuable estate, known as
"The Arlington Place," which overlooks
this city, she inherited, and which, at the
time of his taking up arms against his
country, was bis delightful residence.
This Arlington Place is so named from the
fact that in 1669 " The Neck," comprising
almost the whole vast empire lying between
the Kappabannock and Potomac rivers, wss
granted by Charles the Second to Lord
Culpepper and the Earl of Arlington. The
Arlington estate proper comprises some
1200 acres of land in a body ; a large por
tion of it, when the war opened, being
covered with heavy oak timber, which has,
however, since then, been nearly all swept
off. In addition to this there was what is
known as the White House property, some
2000 acres of productive land, together
with some 250 or more negroes, who, by
the will of Mr. Custis, were all to be free
in 1861. It is unnecessary to say, howev
er, tbst sll the negroes of any value were
ran off South. Mrs. Custis is the sister of
the late William Henry Fitzhugh, who
died some twenty years since, leaving a vast
estate, known as Ravenswortb, some dozen
miles from here, in Virginia, to bis wife for
her lifetime, and then to his sister, Mrs.
Custis, and her heirs. It will thus be per
ceived tbat all the Fitzhugh estate as well
ss that of Castis descends by will to the
heirs of .General Robert . Lee, in addition
to the very large estate which he hold in
his own right, and which consists Isrgely
of houses and lands in this city. This
property will of course be confiscated.
General Robert E. Lee has two sons,
George Wbashington Custis Lee, who grad
uated at the head of his class in 1854, and
was a Henteaaat of engineers when he went
into the rebellion, and William Henry
Fitzhugh Lee, who was managing the
White House property when the war com
menced. He is not a West Point graduate,
but waa appointed into the army in 1858,
went to Utah with the lamented Col. Put
nan in tbat campaign, and resigned on his
return, lie married a Miss Wick bam,
whose father resides between Richmond
and Fortress Monroe, and it was at tbat
place he was captured not long since. This
is the General Lea who is held, with the
son of General John Winder, in close con
finement fer summary death, in ease the
two Union officers are executed in J&ien
moad. Winder ia the brother of Captain
William A. Winder, of the 3d U. S. Artil
lery, who married a daughter of Governor
Geedwiu. G-, W. C. Lee is an sagiaeer ia
the rebel army, and on dnty at Richmond.
Since the war commenced he married Miss
Margeret Howell, sister of Jeff. Davis's
present wife; daughter of a New Yorker,
who settled some years since a merchant in
New Orleans. She was educated in this
city while her sifter, Mrs. Davis, resided
here. Besides these, there is Fitzhugh
Lee, son of Sidney Smith Lee, who went
from the Federal Navy into the rebellion,
and who is now in command of Fort Darl
ing and a brother of Robert E. Lee.
Fitzhugh Lee graduated at West Point
in 1836 at ths foot of his class, and is a
rebel brigadier. There is also S. L. Lee,
of a South Carolina family, not related to
those in Virginia. He graduated in 1854
at West Poiot, about the middle of his
class, and was a lieutenant in the 4th Artil
lery when the war opened. He also is now
a rebel brigadier. Fitzhugh Lee was 2d
Lieut, in the 2d Cavalry, although having
no just claims to being assigned to the
mounted service, as he was one of the three
poorest scholars in his class. He was, how
ever, a Virginian a Lee and his mother
the sister of Senator Mason. I will add,
in justice to the memory of William Henry
Fitzhugh, of Ravenswortb, whose memory
has come down to us as among the most
spotless and elevated of his day, tbat in his
will he manumitted all bis slaves, and pro
vided for the comfortable maintenance of
those unable to take care of themselves.
He, like other noble slaveholders of his
time, did not believe in perpetuating that
institution. m. b. o.
A WEDDHra 8P0HVSD.
The Chicago Post publishes the follow
ing incident of the drsft :
About nine weeks sgo a young man by
the name of Thomas J, Laugbin, arrived in
this city from Orange county, New York,
and took lodgings in a private house on the
north 6ide, with a family whom he had for
merly known at the east, nis history may
be easily expressed in a few words the
stereotyped phrase of the hepdomadal hu
morists, " born of oor but respectable
parents," answering the purpose admirably.
He was by profession a book-keeper, with
limited amount of funds on hand, but in
dustrious and frugal withal, and had come
to the city in search of employment. It
being a dull season of the year, however,
and he, unwilling to undertake anything
but his legitimate business, met with poor
success here, and found no one who was
willing to give him work to do.
Among the visitors at the house where
be was boarding was a fair cousin at the
bead of a family, who but a few weeks sgo
returned from a country town in Michigan,
where she bad been attending a boardiog
school. The young book-keeper came and
saw, and loved, and after basking in her
sunny smiles, and receiving encouraging
sanies irom ner oewiicning eyes, ne seemea
to grow indiffereut to the question of em
ployment, and cared but little whether he
found anything to do or not. He finally
engaged himself to her, and the preliminary
arrangements were made and the day fixed
for the marriage to be performed.
Thus far everything passed evenly enough
but just " here the connection broke, and
the knotty side of the affair began to in
trude." It would have been all very nice
for the parties themselves if they could
have got married without any trouble, after
a few weeks of uninterrupted courtship;
but tbat would have given the he to Shake
speare's assertion about the " course of true
love." When the young folks were about
to arrive at the meridian of their happiness
when tbey bad plighted their faith and
uttered their vows, and thought they were
going to be made one in little or no time,
the young lady a hard-hearted "panents
unexpectedly commenced talking about
" young men of no standing," " not of a
good family," have no money and no means
of earning a living," and so on. The young
man became indignant, as he hsd a right to
do, and talked furiously about " parental
tyranny,1 and said be would have Marga
ret anyhow. He insisted that he was of a
good family, that he had a father, moreover
a mother, and tbat his father " owned a
little farm in Orange county, New York."
After tbisthe old folks quieted down a little
and the young man concluded that he would
go home and get certificates of his respect
ability, and establish in an honorable man
ner his worthiness to become the husband
of Margaret.
About twelve days ago young Laaghlin,
departed for New York, parting from his
betrothed with many tears and promisee of
a speedy return, and receiving a hearty
shake of the hand and good wishes and kind
words from bis future parents-in-law. He
bad been absent but a day or two when the
lady s father met an old acquaintance who
had known Laugblin and his family for a
number of years, and who spoke ia the
highest terms of the yonng man and all his
people. Two or three days later letters
began to arrive bearing the same testimony.
The old folks began to relent, and were
very sorry they had ever opposed the mateh.
They began to he impatient as well as the
girl, for the day of the wedding to arrive.
Bat at this juetare, unfortunately, an
other difficulty arose. The young man's
parents objected. They did sot like the
idea of their son coming to Illinois to seek
his fortune, ud being there snapped np by
a seker" in leas than four weeks. Fi
nally, the father told his nan if he persisted
in kin designs he would disinherit him.
The yeung paid ne attention to the threat
Disinheritance should be no object to the
possessioa of his Margaret. At tbat time
the draft was going on ia that eoanty, and
on the day previous to the one on which tho
young man hsd decided to start for Illinois
be was notified tbat he was drafted. He
appealed to bis father for the almighty
14 three hundred." The father chaokled
he had the boy foul, and the heart-broken
lover had to shoulder a musket and enter
the ranks.
He had written to Margaret that he
would return on Friday evening, the 14th,
and the nuptials should be celebrated that
night. List night Margaret was arrayed
in her bridal robes at seven ten and eleven
o'clock but no bridegroom came. Friends
had come together to witness the ceremony
and eat wedding cake. At first they were
all merry, and jested with the bride about
the tardiness of the bridegroom, but a few
hours later they became sad, and sorrow
and sympathy was depicted on the face of
every one. A few minutes previous to
twelve o'clock, a stranger arrived, who wan
from Orange county, and brought tidings
of the bridegroom. He narrated briefly
the circumstances of Laughlin's being draft
ed, and assured poor Margaret that he
should net be blamed; it was a "circum
stance over which be bad no control," &c.
The reply of the young lady will never
be forgotten by those who heard it. With
tear-drops glistening in her eyes, and her
heart ready to burst with grief, she turned
to the company and said : " I don't keer n
durn; there's plenty more men in the
world, anyhow !"
The meeting adjourned.
GMATIATOI
Never live long. A voracious appetite,
so far from beiug a sign of health, is a cer
tain indication of disease. Some dyspeptics
are always hongr) ; feel best when they
are eating, but as soon as tbey have eaten
torments, so distressing in their nature, as
to make the nnbappy victim wish for death.
The appetite of health is tbat which in
clines to cat moderately, when eating time
comes and which, when satisfied, leaves no
unpleasant reminders. Multitudes measure
their health by the amount they can eat ;
and of any ten persons, nine are gratified
at an increase of weight, as if mere bulk
were an index of health ; whea, in reality,
any excess of fatness is, in proportion, de
cisive proof of existing disesse; showing
that- the absorbents of the system are too
weak to discbarge their duty ; and the ten
dency to fatness, to obeisity, increases,
until existence is a burden, end sudden
death closes the history. Particular inquiry
will almoGt unvaryingly elicit the fsot, that
a fat person, however rubicund and jolly, ia
never well ; and yet tbey are envied.
While great eaters never live to an old
age, and are never, for a single day, with
out some " symptom," some feeling suffi
ciently disagreeable to attract the mind's
attention unpleasantly, small eaters, those
who eat regularly of plain food, usually
have no " spare flesh," are wiry and endur
ing, and live to an active old age. Remark- -able
exemplifications of these statements
are founds in the lives of the centenarians
of a past age. Galen, one of the most dis
tinguished physicians among the ancients,
lived very sparingly after the age of twenty
eight, and in his hundred and fortieth year.
Kentgiorn, who never tasted spirits or wine
and worked hard all his life, reached a hun
dred and eighty-five years. Jenkins, n
poor Yorkshire fisherman, who lived en
the coarsest diet, was one hnndred and
sixty-nine years old when he died. Old
Par lived to a hnndred and fifty-three ; his
diet being milk, cheese, whey, small beer
and coarse bread. The favorite diet of
Henry Francisco, who lived to one hundred
and forty, was tea, bread aod butter, and
baked apples. Ephraim Pratt, of Shntes
bury, Mass., who died aged one hundred
and seventeen, lived chiefly on milk, and
even tbat in small quantity ; his son Mi
chael, by similsr mesns, lived to be a hnn
dred and three years old. Father Cull, a
Methodist clergyman, died last year at the
age of a hundred and five, the main diet of
his life having been salted swise's (bacon)
and bread made of Indian meal. From.
these statements, nine general readers ont
of ten will jump to the conclusion that
milk is " healthy," as ere baked apples and.
bacon. These conclusions do not legiti
mately follow. The only inference that
can be safely drawn, is from the only fact
running throjgh all these oases that plain
food and a life of steady labor tend to a
great age. As te the healthfnlnens and
life-protracting qualities ef any article of
diet named, nothing can be inferred, for no
two of the men lived on the same kind of
food ; all tbat can be rationally and safely
said is, either that they lived so long in
spite of the quality of the food they ate, or
tbat their instinct called for a particular
kind of food ; and the gratification of that
instinct, instead of its perversion, with a
life of stesdy labor, directly censed health
falness and great length of days. We
must not expect to live long by doing any
one thing which an old man did, and omit
all others, but by doing all he did ; that iff ,
work steadily, as well as eat mainly a par
ticular disk. Hail 's Journal oBmlth.
JV" Remember, madam, that yon are
the weaker vessel,' said aa irate hnshend.
''Exactly," said the lady, "bnt de net yon
forget that the weaker venel may hire th
stronger spirit in it,"

xml | txt