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The Smoky Hill and Republican union. (Junction City, Kan.) 1861-1864, March 05, 1864, Image 1

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Vol-ume III.
junction drrzr9 Kansas, SATimDAY, mabch 5, 1864.
-N"Timber 16.
Sinohj gill nnb grplnt nton,
r e Proprietors.
Editors and Publishers. t " ' t
On copv, ono year, J - - . $2.0(1
Ten come, oao 3'enr, - - - - J5 00
" Payment required in nil eases in advance.
All papers discontinued at the expiration of the
time for which payment ia received.
On squire, first insertion, - -" '$100
taeh subsequent insertion, Y -"t- i "50
Ten lines or less beinga square.
Yearly ad vertiaements inserted on liberal terms.
JObIvOEK ' ;
done with diiu;ch, and in the latest style of
the art.
O" Payme.it required for all Job Work on
vTo give our readers n understanding of
the Scbleswig-IIolateiu question, we clip
the following from the Bloomington (111.)
Pantagrugh :
" Europe seems to be on tbo very brink
of a great wjr, owing to u difficulty con
nected with two petty duchies, not so very
much larcer than Isaac Funk's farm. Tbr
facts of the case seem to be about us fol
lows :
" On the boundary between Denmark
and Germany, lie the two little provinces
of Sehluswig and Ilolstein, mostly inhibit
cd by Gcimnits, and having representatives
in-lhc Gentian Irgislatlve assembly called
the Diet. In those duchies, the Salic Law
pie nils, -by virtue of which, no woman cati
ever intierit the throne. In Denmark this
law is not in foicv. The late king of Den
mark was also Duke of Schlesvvig and IIol
hteio, but the' were not an integral pait of
the Dmish kingdom. This soveieign, Fied
eriek ViL, died last November. Jiut for
the tjalic Liw, Schle.su ig and Holstcin
would revert uiih Denmark to Christian,
th father of Alexandra, Princess of Wales;
but as this would be giving him the inheri
tance by tight of hi-, uiothei's heirship, the
Duchies do not revert to him. but to un
other heir, the Geiman Piiuco of Augus
trtiherg. However, in order to secure the
-integrity f the Danish uiotiaichy, Kng
Sand, France, Russia, Austria, Pru -ia, and
S'den, hi-ld a conference at Loudon in
1852, and deiided to over ruld the Salic
Lw, and make King Christian, of Den
uiatk. the heir.
"On th' other hand, the Germans, anx
ious to establish the national unity, support
the claims of the Piince of Augustenberg,
and say that the other powers have do bus
iness to meddle.
" Lite advices state that the Danes have
been completely driven out of the Duchies
by the victorious Germans. France ha-,
lately withdrawn from the compact. It
remains to be seen whether England will
support her Danish ally or not. Already
her people nro beginning to gtumble at the
policy of a martiage tvith r foreign princess
which entails a war upon their nation.
British statesmen ato watching our seaports
with anxiety. How easy it would be to
wipe out old scores, by sending out a hun
dred Abibaiuas, under the German flag, to
sweep tho last vestige of her commerce
from the ocan ! We have terrible account
against our ra-cally step mother to settle,
and tbi- war may" hasten the day of reckon
ing. The question will then be: Will
England prefer to pay liberal indemnity, or
suffer retaliation in kind? She may yet
repent her bitter injustice toward us ia the
Lour of our great calamity."
See What Came of Swearing. Mr.
dfavis stubbed his toe, and said d n it.
The exclamation so astonished Mr. Davis's
oldest boy, William Henry, that he dropped
his hoc and rushed iutoihe, house. Mrs.
D. peeing the v boy's wild looks, became
frightened and dashed out doors to sec if
"Mr, Dais had fallen intor1howe)l.' While
absent from "the kitchen, Master James set
fire to bis apron. This set fire to a box of
shavings, while the hox nf shavings ignited
the house. Being uninsured, Mr. Davis
loss is about 30.000, and all caused by bis
attempting to make a salve of n little blas
phemy , r t ,
m m m s. t
A carpenter, uho was always proc-
nosticating evil to himself, was one day
upon the roof of n five-story building, upon
which had fallen a raiu. The roof beiti"
slippery, he bust bis footing, aud as he was
descending towards the eaves, he exclaimed,
" Just as L told you J" catching, however.
in the tin spout, he kicked off his shoes and
rvgained a pi ice of safety, from which he
further delivered himself, ,J I know'd it
tbere's a pair of shoes cone to thunder !"
."Father, ain't opposed to.monaply?''
cried a little fellow, as his parent took up
the brandy bottle. Yes, my boy," was
the'reptv. "Then gtye me a drink, too."
The father broke the bottle on the floor,
and has not tasted liquor since.
$y A Kentucky schoolmaster wrote
and posted up the following: "Notiss.
No swarin, cussin, or running a bowt-or
hollxiB.ia thisicui."
From the Knnms City Journal of Commerce. -
The extensive discoveries ot the precious
metals which are beiug made almost daily;
as we might Bay, all along the great moun
tain ranges of the western part of the con
tinent are adding much to our geographical
knowledge of what has hitherto been almost
an " unexplored country." The researches
of explorers for gold, are bringing to light
new passes through the mountains, and new
routes for travel, and arc thus doing. much
to furnish the matetials for. an intelligent
selecliou of the loute for the Pacific Rail-'
road. -- -
We lnVe given this mitter some atten
tion, lutely, and h'&veTeceivcd much valua
ble information from Lieut. Herthoud, of
tho Second Colorado Regiment, now on
duty in this city, who has made very cx-ten-ive
explorations in the mountain 'regions,
and has very intelligent ideas concerning
that whole country.
In regard to the route to the Idaho gCM
mines located mainly on Stinking Water,
Yellow Stone and Madison,' Gallatin and
Jefferson Forks of the Missouri river, he
thinks that the shortest, easiest and most
feasible route will be found one by which
the emigrant keeps all the time on the east
slope of 'the llocky Mountain", striking
northwppt from Fort Laramie, avoiding ihe
bouth Pass entirely, and crossing the south
eru branches of the Yellow Stone near
where they insue from the mountains. The
route from Kansas City, then, will bo by
way of the Kansas Valley and Republican
to Fort Kearney, thence up the Platte aud
North Platte to Laramie, thence northwest
crly crossing Powder, Big Horn, Clark's
Fork, &c, &c, reaching tho headwaters of
the Missouri, where several flourishing miu
ing towns are situated making an approx
imate distance of 1,215 miles. Those who
prefer, however, to go by the South Pass,
will strike from there north and northwest
by either the route of the "Three Titans,"
or that of Fort Nail, reaching the Salmou
River Mines on the west of the mountains,
whence, by re-crossing to the east side, they
can reach the mines on the headwaters of
the Missouri.
A route recommended stroDgly by r gen
tleman now in the mines, is by Julesburg,
Pole Crook, Cheyenne Pass, Fort Ilalleck.
Fort Uridger and the "cut-off" to Bannock.
We may assume Carson Valley, in the
Tenitory of Nevada, to be a point necessa
ry to bo made by the 1'acifio ''Railroad by
whatever route from this direction that val
ley is reached, as the only available Pass
for a Railroad through the Sierra Nevada
Rang- of Mountains, is the one west of
CarMin Valley.
In regard to the various routes by which
that valley, with its wonderfully rich silver
mines, may be reached from this point,
whether as contemplated railroad routes, or
by ordinary travel, we will let Lieut. Ber
thond speak for himself. He says:
"There aic two or three different routes
by which Carson Valley and the Washoe
mines can be reached from this place.
1st. By the Arkansas Route to Denver
City, and Bridger's Pass, to. Fort Bndger
and Great Salt Lake City.
2. By the Valley of the Kansas to Fort
Riley, thence by the Republican Fork aud
over its divide between the Republican and
Platte Hiver to Uon Kearney, thence up
the Piatte, South Platte and Cache La Pou
dro Creek.tojBridgen's Pass,' now traveled
by the overland mail ; Fort Bridgcr and
Great Salt Lake City: thence as by the
first route to Carson Valley by the way of
Camp fcloyd and J5ort Churchill, Nevada
Territory. ' ,
, 3d. xliy the very circuitous route of the
Santa Fc Road to Pueblo, Colorado Ttr. ;
thence to Fort Garland, thence to Abiquiu,
New Mexico, thence by the Spanish trail to
near JVrawan, Utah Territory: thence north
to Camp Floyd, Utah Ter.j or to Provo,
Utah Tcr.; thence west or by the first and
second routes, to Carson Valley.
4th. A new route is being opened from
Denver City and Golden Uityr the capital
of Colorado "Territory west through the
mountains to Provo'and Camp Floyd, Utah
Tetritory. This when opened,, will bo tbo
very best and shortest route across this con
tinent from tho Missouri to the Pacific.
More especially will this be the case when
the Pacific Hail road up the valley of the
Kansas River will make a direct road from
Fort Rileyv imperatively needed to supply
tho rich mining region of Colorado Terri
tory and the regions beyond the Rocky
I will now give a few necessary points
and distances in a tabular form:
Kansas City to'Council Grove - - 125
t'ouncil Grovo to Fort Larned - - 175
Ft. Larned to Ft. Ljon - - - 221
Ft. Lyon to Denver - 225
Deuver to Camp Collins 80
Camp Collins to "Ft. Bridgef - 435
Ft. Bridger to G. S. L. City - - 113
G. S. L. City to Camp Floyd -' 40
Camp Floyd to Careoa Yaliey - - 530
Total, 1,944
Kansas City to Fort Riley ......140
Fort Riley to Ft. Kearney ".Il75
Ft. Kearny to Camp Collins 325
Cairip Collins to Fc Bridger, by "
the overland roate for- U. S. Mail. J ..435
Ft. Bridger to G. S. L City ill3
G. S. L. City to Camp Floyd-. 40
Camp Floyd to Carson Valley 530
Kansas City to Fort Larned
Ft. Larned to Ft. Lyon
Ft. Lvou to Pueblo
Pueblo to Fort Garland
Ft. Garlani to Abiquiu .
Abiquiu to Parawan, Utah Tcr.
Parawan to Film ore
Fiimore to Camp Floyd
Camp Floyd to Carbon Valley
By either the Santa Fe route or by Fort
Riley and Fort Kearney to Denver City,
C. T. . MILES."
By Santa Fe road to Denver 746
Denver by New Route through Middle
Park to Provo, Utah Ter. meas
ured accurately 425
Provo to Camp Floyd, U. S. Surveys. 20
Camp Floyd to Carson Valley. 530
Tofal 1,721
By Fts. Riley and Kearney to Denver. 670
Deuver to Provo. i 425
Provo to Gamp Floyd --20
Gump Floyd to Carson Valley 530
Total 1,645
If, in the last route, instead of taking
the long " detour " by the Santa Fe or
Platte routes to Denver, we open a route
via tho Smoky to the mountains, from Fort
Riley or tile western terminus of the Pacific
Railroad in the valley of the Kansas, we
caa then go to Denver City, Colorado' Ter
ritory, by a much reduced distance.
By R. R. Survey to Ft. Riley 131
Ft. Riley by direct route to Denver 500
Denver to Camp Floyd .445
Camp Floyd to Carson Valley 530
Total 1600
The shortest route between the Atlantic
and Pacific States is bound to be between
the parallels of 39 and 41 north latitude.
The configuration of the mountain system
of the Rocky, Park, Wabsntch and Salt
Lake Mountains, and of the Sierra Nevada
settles this point. The only -railroad route
that is efficiently practicable is the Pass
over the Sierra Nevada, west of Carson
Valley, Nevada Territory, where the Cali
fornia Pacific Railroad Company are now at
work in the Salt Lake Mountains. The
only way which offers the least difficulty,
by which we can pass from the waters of
the Great Basin to the valley of Green
River, for either wagon road or railroad, i
over the Wahsalch, south of round prairie.
By this roite we avoid the 100 miles ol
rugged, sleep and almost impassible c&nnns
and mountains between Great Salt Lnkc
City aud Fort Bridger, the difficulty of
which can only be realized by one who has
been there and examined the country north
and south of the South Pass or Bridger's
Pass, roads for emigrants to Washoe. A
great many have gone, in times past, by the
South Pass nnd Fort Laramie, but now (he
overland stage goes by Denver, Camp Col
lins and Bridger's Pass. A great many
are directed to that road, by which they
gain increased facilities, shoiter route and
moro efficient protection from roving and
predatory bands of Indians.
In speaking of the configuration of the
mountain system of the Sierra Nevada,
Wahsatcb, Park and Rocky Mountains, I
neglected to add that after we have crossed
over the Wahsatcb and reached the valley
of the Ninta River, coming past we have a
valley 75 miles .long by which we reach
Green River, cro&siug this we follow White
River about 150 miles until we reach its
bead waters, then we approach the Park
range through a magnificent country ; pass
over its low range of densely-timbered hills
into Middle Park, cross this in a southeast
course, where at a Pass over its main Roekv
mountains only 2 miles long we descended
by a fine road from its summit into the rich
mining regions of Colorado Territory, where
from the summit can be seen the giant
quartz mills stamping beneath their never
resting iron feet, the gold bearing rocks of
the " everlasting hills." This route -is the
one numbered, Jtoute No. 4. by far the
shortest of all, and which partially opened,
will, this coming summer, be opened to
Salt Lake and upon which the Telegraph
aud Mail route will be immediately located.
0"A gentleman, in Kirkaldy. Scotland,
has trained a couple of mice, and invented
machiney, enabling them to spin cotton
irn. They have been employed about
twelve months. The work is done on the
treadmill principle. It is so constructed
that the common house mouse is enabled to
make atonement to society for past offenses,
by twisting, twining, and. reeling from 100
to 126 threads per day. To complete ..this,
the little pedestrian has to run 10 miles.
A half penny's worth of oat meal at 15d
per week, serves oae of tkeaa tread-aill
culpfitsfar a long period of five weeks. In
that tine it makes 110 threads per dayw
At this rate a .moose earns 9d every five
weeks, which is 7a 5d per annua. Tak
6d off for, board, and Is for nuehiaery
then-will, arise, six: shillings oUsr prsfit
from every moats annually.
We have. all heard of Sir B iyle Roche's
blunders. Dickens gives us an account of
some of those which happily are preserved.
In one of his speeches be said: "Sir, I
would give up half nay, the whole of the
Constitution to preserve the. remainder."
This, however, was parliamentary. Hear
ing that Admiral Howe was in quest of the
French, he remarked, somewhat pleasantly,
that the Admiral would "sweep the French
fleet off the fnce of the earth." By-and-by
came dnngerous times of disaffection, and
honest men's lives were insecure. Sir
Boyle writes from the country to a friend
in the capital this discouraging view of his
position : " You may judge," he says, " of
our state, when I tell you that I write this
with a sword in ono band nnd a pistol in
the other."
On another occasion, when the famous
letters to tho Public Advertiser were at
tracting universal attention, Sir Boyle was
heard to complain bitterly of the attacks
"of a certain anonymous writer called
Junius." He it was who recounted that
marvelous performance in gymna3tics,whcn,
in a tumult of loyalty, he " stood prostrate
at the feet of his sovereign." He it was
who denounced in- withering language the
apostate politician who " turned back upon
himself." He it was who introduced to
public notice the ingenious yet partially
confused metaphor of the rat. " Sir," he
said, addressine the Speaker of She House,
" I smell a rat. J see him floating in the
air; but mark me, I shall yet nip him
in the bud."
Tbere was the famous speech which con
founded generations. " I don't see, Mr.
Speaker, why we should put ourselves out
of the way to serve posterity. What has
ever posterity done for us?" Ho was a
little disconcerted by the burst of laughter
that followed, and proceeded to explain bis
meaning. " By posterity, sir, 1 do not
mean out ancestors, but those who are to
come immediately after them." His invi
tation to the gentleman on his travels was
hospitable and well-meant but equivocal,
"I hope, my lord, if ever you come within
a mile of my house, you'll stay there all
night." He it was who stood for the proper
dimensions of the wine bottle, and proposed
to Parliament that it should be made com
pulsory that "every pint bottle should con
tain a quart.'.' Very pleasant, and yet
perfectly intelligible was his meaning
though it unhappily 'took the fatal bovine
shape in his rebuke to the shoemaker
when getting shoes for his gouty limbs :
" I told you to make one longer than the
other, and instead of that you have made
one smaller than the other tho opposite."
Among the interesting facts of General
Rosccran's life we find the following:
He entered upon the manufacture of coal
oil, at Cincinnati, with a partner professing
to be skilled. They began the erection of
a small factory, but before its completion
associated with them two other parners,
and put up enlarged works, to produce 500
gallons per day. The efforts of the first
partner failing, Rosecrans himself com
menced experiment in the labratory,
to manufacture an odorless and pure oil.
Having toiled for the object sixteen days,
he seemed about successful, whe a so-called
" patent-safety lamp" exploded, igniting
some .benzole gas, burning him dreadfally,
and threatening the destruction of bis
works. His presence of mind and firmness
averted the calamity, and then he walked a
mile and a half to his home, took to his
bed and was confined to it eighteen months.
For a time his recovery was regarded as
quite doubtful. The scars inflicted by this
accident batV not entirely vanished, one of
them in the forehead being visible in bis
portraits. The illness nearly extinguished
his business, for his partners, though hon
orable, were unskilled in chemistry, 'and so
we'ro unsuccessful.-1 On recovering, be re
sumed bis enterprise with renewed ardor,
and was congratulating himself that at last
be had bis establishment in good producing
order, when the secession cloud began to
gather over the country. His chemical
labors had resalted in some important dis
coveries. He was first to successfully use
the round wick in' coal oil lamps, to .obtain
odorless oil from petroleum, to invent a
lamp on which short chimneys could be
satisfactorily used, and to find a cheap and
certain mode of manufacturing a soap' with
chlorine properties. Interesting and attrac
tive enterprises were opening before him
peculiarly suited to his-oinventive and prac
tical and philosophical genius, when the
drama of rebellion seemed about to open.
Truth. Says a Swiss proverb, ''it takes
a good maay shovelfuls of earth, to bury
the truth." For bury it as deep as men
may. it-will have, a resurrection notwith
standing. They may roll a great stone,
and sesl the sepulchre on which it is .laid,
and set a watch .upon it, yet still 'like its
Lord, it comes forth agaii at' its sppoisted
hour. It cannot die, being of an immortal
rsos; for as the Spanish proverb nobly de
clares, 'The Truth is the daughter of
God."- ..
T-Atelegrapbie djspsfch frssj Wash
ingUMs! as emote a Goveranuat sale of con
demned horses, As CJomnt Gurowski might
ask, yrtea will, ths Governntflt in kkt
manner get rid of its condemned asset?
Captain John Hull was the mint-master
of Massachusetts, and coined all the money
that was made. His was a new line of
business, for in the earlier days of the col
ouy the current coinage consisted of the
gold and silver money of England, Portu
gal and Spain. The coins were scarce, the
people were often forced to barter their
commodities instead of selling them. For
instance, if n man wanted to buy a coat, he
perhaps exchanged a bearskin for it if he
wished for a barrel of molasses he might
purchase it for n pile of pine boards. Mus
ket balls were used instead of farthings.
The Indians had a sort of money called
wampum, which -was made of clam shells;
and this strange sort of specio was taken
in 'payment of debt by the first settlers.
Bank bills bad never been beard of. There
was not money enough of any kind, in
many parts of the country, to pay their
ministers ; so that they had sometimes to
take quintals of fish, bushels of corn or
cords of wood, instead of silver and gold.
As the people grew more numerous, and
their trade with one another increased, the
want of current money was still more sen
sible felt. To supply the demand, the
General Court passed a law for establishing
a coinage of shillings and six-penccs. Cap
tain J. Hull was appointed to manufacture
this money, and was to have about one
shilling out of every twenty to pay him for
his trouble in making them.
Hereupon, all the old silver in the colony
was handed over to Captain lly.'li Jue
baMered silver cans and takards, I suppose,
and silver buckles and broken spoons, anil
silver Lifts of swords that had figured at
Court, all such curious old articles were
doubtless thrown into the melting pot to
gethef. But by far the greatest part of the
silver consisted of bullion from the mines
of South America, which the Buckaneers
(who were littlo better than pirates) had
taken from the Spaniards and brought to
All this old and new silver being molted
down and coined, the result was an immense
amount of'splendid shillings, six pences
and three pences.. Each had the date of
1832 on the one side and the figure of a
pine tree on the other side. Hence they
were called pine-free shillings. And for
every twenty shillings that he coined, you
will remember, was entitled to put one
shilling in his pocket. The magistrates
soon began to suspect that the mint-master
would have the best of the bargain. They
offered him a large sum of money if he
would give up that twentieth shilling he
was continually dropping into bis pocket.
But Captain Hull declared that be was per
fectly satisfied with the shilling. And well
he might be, for so diligently did he labor,
that in a few years bis pockets, his money
bags, and his strong box was over-flowing
with pine-tree shillings. This was proba
bly the case when he came into possession
of bis grandfather's chair ; and as he work
ed so hard at the mint, it was certainly
proper that he should haye a comfortable
one to rest himself on.
When the mint-master was grown very
rich, a young roan, Samuel Sewell by name
came courting his ouly daughter. His
daughter whose name I do not know, but
we will call her Betsy was n fine-hearted
damsel, by no means as slender as some
young ladies of our own day. On the
contrary, uaving always tea ueartiiy on
pumpkin pies, doughnuts, Indian pudding,
and other Puritan dainties, she was as round
aud plump as a pudding. With this round
rosy Miss Betsy, did Samuel Seoll fall in
love. As he was a young man of good
character, industrious in his business, and
a member of the church, the mint-master
very readily gave his consent.
" Yes, you may take her," said he in his
blunt way, "and you will find her a heavy
burden enough."
On the wedding-day we may suppose that
honest John Hull dressed in a plain coat,
all the buttons of which were made of pine
tree shillings. The buttons of his waistcoat
were f ix-pences ; and the knees of bis small
cloths were buttoned with silver three
pences. Thus attired, he sat with great
dignity in his grandfather's chair; and
being a portly old gentleman, be completely
filled it from elbow to elbow. On the op
posite side of the room, between ber brides
maids, sat Miss Betsy. She was blushing
with all her might, and looked like a full
blown peony, a great red apple, or any
other round and scarlet object.
There, too, was the bridegroom, dressed
in a fine purple coat, and gold lace westcoat
with as much other finery as the Puritan
laws and customs would allow them to put
on. His hair was cropped close to his head,
because Governor Endicot had forbidden
any man to wear it below his ears. But he
was a very personable young man ; and so
thought the bridesmaids, and Miss Betsy
herself. s
The. mint-mister wss also pleased with
his new son-in-law, especially as he had
said nothing at all about her portion. So
when the marriage ceremony was over,
Captain Hull whispered a word or two. to
his men-servaits, who immediately went
ot and soon returned lagging-in a pair of
scales. They were such, a pair as whole
sale merchants mso sow for weighing a
commodity bulky.
" Daughter. Betsy," said the mint-nuster,
fl mi IUA 4U.A nil& off fa mlmm '
- UwBeUj-M,
BsUy-HKhlnu SswsU, saw mist
ow call her dvj as lbs was bic like s
dutiful child, without any question of why
or wherefore. But what ber father could
mean, unless to make her, husband pay for
her by the pound (in which case she woald
have been a dear bargain,) she had not ths
least idea.
" And now," said honest John Hull to
his servant, " bring that box hither."
The box to which the mint-mas tar point
ed, was a huge, square, iron-bound eak
chest; it was big enough, my children, for
all four of you to play bide and seek in.
The servants tugged with might snd
main, but could not lift this enormous re
ceptacle, and were finally obliged to drag it
across the room.
Captain Hull then took a key out of bis
girdle, unlocked the chest, and lifted its
ponderous lid. Behold it was full to ths
brim of bright pinetrce shillings, fresh from
tho mint, and Samuel Sewell thought that
his father in-law had got possession of all
the money in the Massachusetts treasury.
But it was the mint-master's houeat share
of the coinage.
Then the servants, at Captain Hull's
command, heaped double handfulls of shill
ings into one side of tho scales, while Betsy
remained in the other. Jingle, jingle went
the shillings, handful after hapdful were
thrown iu, till plump and ponderous as she
was, they weighed the youug lady from tho
"There, son Sewell," cried the honest
mint-master, resuming his scat in his grand
father's chair, " take these shillings for mr
daughter's portion. Use ber kiudly, and
thank heaven for her, for its not every wife
that's worth her weight in silver.'1
m m
Tho Hilton Head correspondent of the
Now York Times furnishes that paper with
the following singular incident :
One of tho most singular incidents to
which my notice has bceu called, occurred
not long since at Hilton Head. A private
of the Sixth Connecticut regiment, while
standing on guard at the pier, was suddenly
accosted by an aged man, who asked him to
reach out his left hand. The soldier com
plied with the request, and by so doing,
showed be had lost a portion of his thumb.
His right thumb bad been severed so as to
make the two uf equal length. For some
seconds the men stood gazing at each other,
the soldier in a state of perplexity, aud tb
old man in one that expressed cxtatio
The spell was broken by the latter asking
the soldier if ho knew his father, aud then
making himself known. The son, as if by
intuition, instantly recognized bis parent,
aud both fell into a mutual embrace. A
lively conversation ensued, which did not
terminate until a large crowd of spectators
had gathered around, having been attracted
thither by the singular conduct of tho prin
cipal actors of the scene. An explanation
s-oon after made revealed the fact that On
account of disagreement, the father separat
ed from his wife when the son was in
infancy, leaving it in charge of its mother.
That the boy might bo recognized in after
life, in case the two should ever meet again
the fathor took a hatchet and deliberately
chopped off a portion of each thumb. From
moment to the day they met on the pier,
twenty.two years had elapsed. The father
is employed an a laborer in the Medical
Department, and I have reason to believe,
bears a cood reputation for sobrietv and
industry. The mother is still living in
Connecticut. The son remained with ber
until his patriotism induced him to enter
the service.
Who knows but that the accidental meet
ing on the pier m iy be the means selected
by Providence to restore the relations of
domestic peace in a disruptured household ?
According to testimony, which is scarcely
to be disputed, the sun could never have
shown upon a less lovely object than a Ro
man lady in the days of the Caesars, when
she opened her eyes in the morning or,
rather, let us say, as she appeared in the
morning, for before she had opened her
eyes a great deal had to be done. When
she retired to rest, her face had been cov
ered with a plaster composed of bread and
ass's milk, which bad dried during tbs
night, and consequently presented in the
morning an appearance of craoked chalk.
The purpose of the ass's milk was not only
to preserve tho delicacy of the skin, but to
renovate the lungs ; and so strong was the
belief of the eTficacy of the specific, that
some energetio ladies bathed themselves in
it seventy times in the course of a day.
As for Poppoe, the favorite wife of Nero,
she never set out on a jnarocy without
taking in her train whole herds of sheasses,
that she might bathe when she pleased so
to do. The plaster of Paris bust having
wakened in the morning ia a cracked con
dition, it was the office of a host of female
slaves to mature it to perfect beauty. To
clear the field for farther operations, the
first of these gently washed away with luke
warm ass's milk the already crumbling
mask, and left m smooth face to be colored
by more recondite artist. The slavs who
vocation it was to psiat the cheeks, deli
cately laid on the whits ssd-fsd, Jsavimg
'moistened the pigment with ber wrtmkvm.
The apparent nastlness of this eafstlo'a
wss diminished by the eonMantiosi.M'w
sertaia number of senate .Joages, watts
if the slave segleetsd to like, swttafirtt!
corporeal punishment.
K.U. .i lun iniaHW

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