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The Smoky Hill and Republican union. (Junction City, Kan.) 1861-1864, March 12, 1864, Image 1

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THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
,
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PART THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIO OF THE UNION."
Volume IU.
JTJNCTION CITY, TCA1STS.AS, SATUBDAY, VtAHCH 12, 1864.
Number 17.
rcmanED evert satcrdat morxixo at
JUNCTION, DAVIS Co., KANSAS
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ODE FOR THE TIMES.
The following beautiful and patriotic lines
vre written by Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson,
6f New York, in answer to a question, by a
lady, " whether he was for peace :"
Aia I for Peace ? Yes.
For the peace which rings out from the cannon's
throat.
And the suasion of shot and shell.
Till rebellion's spirit is trampled down
To the depth3 of its kindred hell.
For the peace which shall follow the squadron's
tramp,
Where the brazen trumpets bray,
And, drunk with the fury of storm and strife.
The blood-red chargers neigh.
For the peace which shall wash out the leprous
fitiin
Cf our slavery, foul and grim,
A cid'shall sunder the fetters which creak and
clank
, Onthc downtrodden dark man's limb.
I wiil surse him as traitor and false of heart,
Who would shrink from the conflict now,
And will stamp it with blistering burning brand
On his hideous, Cain-like brow.
Out! out of the way! with your spurious peace,
Which would make us rebellion's slaves :
We will rescue our land from the traitorous grasp,
Or covei it over with graves.
Out! out of the way! with your knavish themes.
You trembling and trading pack!
Crouyh ruray intiie dark, like a sneaking hound
That its master has beaten back.
You would barter the fruit ofour father's blood.
And ell cut the stripes and stars.
To purchase a plsca with rebellion's votes,
Or escape from rebellion's scars,
y U:e widow's wnil, by the mother's tears,
By the orphans who cry for bread.
By our sons who foil, we will never yield
.ill rebellion's soul is dead !
Ti
. Journal of Commerce.
HAN AND TRUE.
From the X. Y
A GOOD
The following rcraarks were made by a
Bca-co:nm:ssioned ofliccr of the New
York artillery (we have the number, but
prefer net to give it) in a hotel iu this city
recently. The ofliccr is at homo on a
twenty day's Icsve, given hini ou account
of Lis rcmarlrable goud conduct and brav
ery. Though he describes himself as a
Icnfcr,' no one will deny that he is a true
man and patriotic soldier. The conversa
Ijioc was started by the entrance into the
room of a French, poodle. The soldier
said:
" There's a French poodle, I know it is.
I used to be in the fancy dog business my
self before I went to soldiering. Did I
find soldiering pay. better ? Yes, I did. I
always spend all I can get. I caa't help it,
you see I am a loafer, lam. I get my lit
tlejsevcnteen dollars per month for the lit
tle .place I have in the battery, and I spend
it all, and I fight for my country. Herein
New York I use to get more money, bnt I
Spent it all, and it didn't do me any more
good than what I get now. And then I
know I am doing my country's work. You
see there are soldiers, and there are 'sogers'.
u am a soiaicr, cicar tnrougn.
" We have lost two batteries since this
war began, and I've been all through the
lighting trom the first. We came out of
ono fight with seven men, and oat of an
other with five. It seems strange to me
that while I saw men laid out all around
me who had wives and mothers and babies,
I shouldn't be hit. I am a loafer ; I hav'nt
got a mother, or a wife, or a sister or a
brother. But they spared me, and killed
hundreds of men who had lots of folks to
mourn for them. I wish, sometimes, that
I could have been laid out in the place of
any of those poor fellows. Nobody would
cry for me, but there would be some honor
fn dying for my country. I am going back
in a few days, and if I should get an arm
ora!eg:shot off, I should have to come
back to New York and beg for my living.
I hope if they hit me they will kill me X
am ready to die any day for my country."
Those were the actual expressions of a
btave.andhoneat soldier, and we quote
them as showing a heart of gold, the like of
which are more plenty in oar army than
many people suppose.
J In the gay circle of the Eabourg
St. Honore, Paris, they were complimenting
he, beautiful duchess de oa the ap
proaching and apparent birth of an heir to
so illustrious a house aster own. "Say
nothing of it to my husband," she replied,
r,k:m& "3r"c Pt preparing for
LEGISLATIVE PROTEST.
The following protest by the members of
the Legislature who opposed the election of
United States Senator, was offered in the
Legislature and spread upon the journals
of each House. Their reason is stated in
clear and unmistakable language, and will
not fail to convince all unprejudiced minds
that the pretended election was brought
about by the most corrupt means. We in
vite for it a careful reading:
The undersigned, members of the Sen
ate and House of Representatives of Kan
sas for the session which commenced on the
12th day of January, A. D. 1864, in ac
cordance with the provisions of Section II,
Article 11, of the Constitution of the State
of Kansas, do hereby most solemnly and
strenuously PROTEST against the passage
of the House Concurrent Resolution No.
15, in reference to Joint Convention of the
two Houses for the purpose of election a
Senator of the United States for the State
of Kansas, from the term of six years from
and after the 4th day of March, A. D.
1865. .
We protest against the Resolution nnd
the election to be held in pursuance thereof,
as a violation of an established rule govern
ing the time of electing Senators, as a sur
prise upon the people of the State, as a
wanton and wicked usurpation of powers
wuu wmcu me people or tne otate never
intentionally clothed the members of this
Legislature, as a procedure glaringly incon
sistent with that good faith which under all
circumstances is due to the people from
their public servants.
To the end therefore that our constitu
ents in their several districts, and the peo
ple of the State at large, may be distinctly
informed of the views that have governed
the action of their public servants in rela
tion to this procedure, of such transcend-
ant importance to the people in every aspect
in which it can be regarded, we desire that,
aa a part of our protest, the following rea
sons for the course we have deemed it our
duty to pursue may be entered upon the
Journal of the Senate, viz :
1st. Because the election of a Senator at
this session, if not contrary to law, is in
violation of an established and settled rule
of action which prescribes that Senators of
the United States shall be elected by the
Legislatures ot the several States at tin.
regular session next preceding the occur
rence of the vacancy to be filled by such
election; and the rule, unvarying and uni
versal, so settled and established by the
concurring practice, usage and custom of
every State of the Union, without a single
exception, from the formation of the Gov
ernment to the prosent time. Known, net
ed aud relied upon as it was by the people,
when the members of this Legisluture were
chosen, it has acquired in our judgment in
honor and good conscience, a binding force
and obligation as great at least as that
of a legislative enactment, and cannot
be violated without a flagrant betrayal of
the trust reposed by the people in their
Representatives.
2d. Because such election at the present
time is unnecessary and uncalled for, inas
much as another Legislature, composed of
both branches of members fresh from the
people, wiil assemble on the second Tues
day of January, A. D. 1865, giving ample
time and opportunity for the election of a
Senator by a Legislature elected with special
reference to such electionand representing
the will of the people in relation thereto.
3d. Because an election at the present
time is unexpected, undesired, a surprise
upon the people of the State against their
known will and wishes, and in our judg
ment, a high-handed outrage upon their
just rights, and in support of this position
we simply assert what no man of ordinary
information and candor can deny, that not
a single public press or public speaker ever
dared to advocate such an election before
the commencement of the present session.
anu iuas do man or party, no section or
faction ever failed to resent the imputation
of such a design as false and slanderous.
And further, we assert npon our honor
as men and as Senators, that at the com
mencement of the present session and dur
ing the first two weeks of the session, not
a single member of either House could be
found to advocate or favor an election.
while all disavowed and nearly all denounc
ed the measure. How so sudden, complete
and radical changes of opinion on a matter
of so great importance can be accounted
for, without resorting to the hypothesis
that undue or improper influences have
been brought to bear, we do not deem it
necessary to determine.
4th. Because the members of the present
Legislature were not elected with any ref
erence to the choice ot a United States
Senator, bat a majority of them on local
aud minor issues, with the distinct under
standing on the part of the electors that
custom and usage, if not express legislative
enactments, had fixed the regular session of
1865, as the time for electing a United
States Senator for the term of six years
from March 4th, 1865.
5tb. Because it is unjust to our citizen
soldiers, whose gallant services in the op
pression of the slaveholder's rebellion have
shed imperishable lustre opou our Sta,
inasmuch as thousands of such sd'dfersClv
reason of absence from their homes, were
prevented from easting their suffrages for
the members of the present Senate in the
fall of 1862, and of the House in the fall
of 1863, but many of whom will be able to
vote io November next by reason of the
expirations of their term of Service.
6th, Because the aeonle of Kansas have
from the very beginning of their existence
as a Territory to the present time ever man
ifested a resolution and unswerving purpose
to maintain and vindicate, their legitimate
influences and controlling weight in the
Government, and have never failed to
stamp with condemnation any attempt on
the part of their" representatives to wield
the powers of the Legislature for any pur
pose except the legitimate advance of the
common well being ; in proof of which we
need only to recur to the most prominent
incidents in our brief but eventful history.
For example: The Legislature of 1855
adopted a body of laws designed to fasten
the system of human slavery upon the em
byro State, at the dictation of a haughty
oligarchy, in derogation of the rights and
interest ot tbe citizens. 1 he people indig
nantly spurned an repudiated the entire
legislation of the slave conspirators, resist
ed the enforcement of their enactments by
force of arms, and triumphantly vindicated
their prerogatives as the rightful sovereigns
of the soil.
Again, in 1857, the same oligarchic in
terest passed an act, having all the forms of
law, but lacking all its substance, to provide
for the formation of a State Government by
a Convention to assemble at Lccomnton.
The people treated the enactment with
quiet contempt, and refused to be represent
ed in the Convention. Afterwards when
the Constitution framed by that Conven
tion, having all the forms of law, but lack
ing its vital principle, was attempted to be
enforce), the people unanimously repudiat
ed it, and proposed to make good their in
alienable rights at all hazards. Their ma
jestic attitude of defiance confounded their
would bo oppressors, and gigantic iniquity
fell still-born.
Once more, when the Legislature of
1858, attempted the removal of the Terri
torial Capital from Lecompton to Minneola
not to promote the public welfare, but to
enhance the value of town lots donated to
the members in presumed consideration of
the vote the people, though earnestly de
iiring the removal from Lecompton, and
determined to accomplish it at the earliest
possible moment ctMisistent with honor,
honesty and law, promptly and with almost
entire unanimity repudiated the corruption
perpetrated in ttn-ir name, and Minneola"
became a by-word of reproach "rom thaU
time forth. These instances suffice to con
vince us that the people of Kansas know
their rights, and are prompt to vindicate
them, and that any attempt to forestall their
opinions, or to mete out their highest bori
ors, places and dignities, without consult
ing their wishes, will be as futile as it is
presumptuous. " I
And finally, because the proceeding in
question is contrary to the spirit and letter
of our Bill of Rights which declares that
all political powers are inherent in the peo
ple, and that all " powers not expressly del
egated remain with the people." We hold
that the people by tbe adoption of the
Constitution have delegated no power to the
Legislature to elect Senators except in tbe
manner pointed out by the Constitution,
and at the time fixed by the universal con
currence of all the States, and we feel that
we cannot more fittingly close our Protest
than by adopting as our own the sentiments
of a most earnest and enlightened advocate
of free popular Government :
AiolJiing for the People hut bg the People.
Nothing about the people without the People.
LIST OF SENATORS.
Abram Bennett,
R- G. Elliott,
M.- R. Leonord,
James McGrew,
WASHDJOTON CITY C0HTRAST8.
The following interesting notes of Wash
ington, and its society, previous to and
since the decline of "chivalry," we clip
from a correspondence of the Kansas City
Journal of Commerce:
MEMBERS
M. Barnes,
J. G. BdtSell,
H. Cavender,
G. T. Donaldson,
Wm. Draper,
D. V. Eskridge,
J. M. Evans,
Joseph Frost,
Rufus Oursler,
F. W. Potter,
S. M. Strickler,
D. M. Valentine,
OF THE HOUSE.
A. K. Hawks.
D. M. Johnson,
James Kenner,
B. M. Lingo,
William Osborn,
T. J. Sternberg,
Job Throckmorton,
John A. Wakefield,
Bradley E. Fullington,J. W. Williams,
O.J. Grover.
A PABALLKL.
Said our friend Dr. Eddy, of tbe North
western Christian Advocate, the other day,
to a friend, " I think there is a remarkable
parallel in the case of Paul, who was bitten
by the adder on the Isle of Melita, and tbe
President of the United States. Both were
men to human seeming, most unlikely to
be the chosen of God for their good leader
ship. Mr. Lincoln, like the Apostle, sailed
into the terrible Euroclydon, which burst in
terrific fury, aad to his wise counsel the
Uvea of all on board are due, and, I believe,
1 an angel of God stood by him.' Tbe Is
land of Emancipation was reached, and
the barborouB people showed much kind
est.' But as Abraham was seeking the
comfort of the storm-tossed, the viper of
eopperheadism (and it is interesting to see
how near alike the twosnakes are)came oat
and fastened npon him. Tbe terrified peo
ple looked to see him swollen and fall down
dead ; bnt be did not cease his word, bat
simply shook of the reptile tke fire.
The villainous snake cane off second beat."
"Chicago Tribune.
MATERIAL IMPROVEMENTS.
neat estate improvements bid fair to
follow suit,' if they do dot keep pace, with
the political and social advancement of
Washington. It has been tbt1 universal
exclamation of every one visiting the Capi
tal, that, aside from the government build
ings and grounds, tbe city was a disgrace
to the nation. Such, undoubtedly, is the
fact. On Pennsylvania Avenue, the long
est, straightest, levelest, and widest street
on the continent, perhaps there are not half
a dozen respectable looking business houses;
and the private residences, at least but few
of them, are by no means creditable to the
Capital of the country. A handsomer site
for a city cannot be found on the continent,
being remarkably level, or pleasantly undu
lating in places, and surrounded by a mag
nificent range of low hills on both sides of
the Potomac, which constitute the most
enticing spots for palatial residences. No
city that I have seen has such level and
wide streets. Yet no dwellings worth the
name adorn those hills; the handsome
streets are unpaved, and absolute squaliditg
may be written over half the city.
That you may form some idea of the
spirit, or rather want of spirit, that pos
sesses this city I mean the originals I
will mention only a few facts. From its
foundation up to sometime during Jackson's
auimuiairatiuii, uuiumg oui me most prim
itive sort of'a ferry connected this city with
the Virginia side. Some Northern mem
bers of Congress, growing ashamed of it for
tbe Capital's sake, proposed an appropria
tion to build a substantial iron bridge of
.the first class. This was defeated by the
local influence of the city, aided by tbe
Virginia delegation which fought it most
persistently; and the matter was finally
compromised by the present miserable
patched up abortion of a crossing, known
as the Long Bridge. Without attempting
to narrow the stream, they stretched the
bridge out over a mile nnd a half of pond
river, and the draw of the bridge at the
farther side from the city, leaving or rather
making, a vast extent of stagnant water and
mire 011 both sides of the river to breed 1
miasmatic fevers for the benefit of the citi
zens. Another item of thuir sagacious
manngeuieur, is the canal. Thin was de
signed to pass the water of the Potomac
from the upper end of the city, on the
northwest, through the heart of the town
and out into thr East Brunch on the south
west. It proved a failure the water only
rushing through at high tide and gradually
falling, depositing all the filth and mud in
the bed of the canal, there to "stink and
shine and shine and stink'' from one year's
end to another, except only during the few
few hours that tbe rising 'tide covers it.
When I toll you that this outhndish chan
nel of disease and filth passes along almost
parallel to Pennsylvania Avenue, and be
tween it' and the public grounds of the
Smithsonian Institute, tbe Washington
Monument grounds, and the Botanical
Gardens, and then cuts right through the
latter, and almost under the walls of the
Capitol building, you can form some idea of
tbe sense of the sublime and the beautiful
that must have entered into the souls of
those who conceived tbe thing. A company
of Northern capitalists made a proposition
to the city authorities to take possession of
it.:. ..:.. . J .-.
iuis uuivauce, reconstruct ana connect it
with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal which
terminates in Georgetown, but a mile or
two above, so that the boats which bring
down tbe coal from Cumberland, and tbe
grain and produce from tbe Shenandoah
valley, should deliver them in proper places
in the city, and keep the channel always
clean and clear, if the city would give to
the said company tbe franchise of the tolls
arising therefrom for a certain period of
time. But, no, Sir ! the august conclave
of city sires could not allow any company
ot 1 an sees to enrich themselves by turn
ing one of its .nuisances into a source of
health and wealth. No. Sir. thev would
keep their filth and stench first. And
they've done it unto this day. Tbe street
railroads,-which came to town along with
Father Abraham and his people, were de
clared a Yankee innovation to which the
iodignant Washingtonians would not sub
mit they wonld never ride on them
never. Yet the stock of it is worth two
hundred and fifty per cent., but every dol
lar of it is owned in Philadelphia.
I might enlarge this list of examples, but
enough is given to show you what a hercu
lean task of reformation has to be accom-
ling bouses, have been erected in Washing
ton within the past three years, than in
twenty-five 3 ears before. Had a tithe of
the energy and enterprise that have made
some of your young Western cities spring
up as if by magic, been exercised here,
Washington might have rivalled any Capi
tal of Europe. But better late than never
she has fallen into different hands now,
and she will show her keeping in the future.
At any rate, tbe eunuchs having been de
posed, we are ready t bet high on the
result.
SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
The revolution in the political aspects of
,u tuuuirj is uut more marsea man is
that of the social regime of this city. Said
an intelligent gentleman of Annapolis 10
me, the other day : " Sir, I have been an
habitue of Washington for twenty-five win
ters, and never have seen the time before
the present Administration when I could
enter any hotel of this city without seeing
half the crowd drunk and disorderly ; nor
the best conducted restaurant without see
ing from one 10 half-a-dozen fights. Never
have I seen the time before when the gam
bling hells were not as public as the hotels
and as much frequented ; nor the time whep
it was not more or less dangerous for or
derly people to promenade Pennsylvania
Avenue. Sir, I have seen that now fash
ionable promenade emphatically cleaned out
are tbe women fit to ba the mothers and
instructors of our sons these- women are
fit to be oar equals,, and not merely the or
namental appendages of tbe gallant Col.
B., the noble Judge 31., or the lordfg plan
ter W." These are some of the healthy
indications of ths social revolution going on
in Washington. Kaw.
Gluttony. Those individuals who fur
nish splendid tables, and eat profusely,
generally die early. Rich and high sea
soned food ia very prejudicial to the human
system, bringing in its train various dis
eases, which, if they do not terminate in
the speedy destruction of life, often make
that life burdensome.
Nero passed bis days in voluptuousness,
debauchery and extravagance. He gave
unbounded sway to all the bad propensities
of nature. He was cruel in the extreme.
He destroyed his own life in the 32d year
of his age.
Heliogabalus indulged himself iu every
species of excess. While he was a ruler
the imperial palace was a scene of wicked
ness. The most infamous characters were
his favorites. His bead was severed from
his body at the early age of seventeeen.
Apicius was a famous glutton. He wrote
a book on the pleasures of eating. After
he had consumed tbe greater part of his
estate, he destroyed himself.
Cleopatra was noted for ber cxtravagan-
from one end to the other by gangs of well cies and excesses. She destroyed henelf
plished here in physical as well as in politi
cal and social science. And the work u
progressing.- A company has been char
tered by the present Congress for the pur
pose of improving the Potomac river
changing the channel' to this side of tbe
stream, so as to give this city a levee and
the use of the Potomac, and building a
bridge that shall be a credit to the Capital
and not an-eye-sore to every one who visits
it. Tke eenal is to be either perfected," or
else healed np and hair over. Meanwhile,
buildings of a better class than formerly are
springing np all over tbe city. I have been
aasared by builders, that a greater number
of good Millings, both business and dwel-
dresscd rowdies, the sons of the first farm
lies. Few balls were ever held that were
not followed by assaults few even free
from them during tbe evening or produc
tive of a duel. The theatres were fourth
rate, if not absolutely low, and literary
societies were entirely unknown. Sir,
Washington is a sound convert." This
state of things is attested by thousands,
and tbe manners and habits of the old resi
dents are as striking proofs of it as the
pitted face tells of a former attack of the
small-pox. A more radical change cannot
oe considered. Tbe hotels are nightly
thronged, but a single glance suffices to
assure one that he is in the midst of a stir
ring, driving mass of intelligent, orderly
men, every one of whom stands upon his
personal character. Pennsylvania Avenue
is one of the quietest, plcasantest promen
ades on the continent; what few gambling
nous remain are almost bidden as in a
country ullage, and public rowdyism is
absolutely unknown. The theatres are of
the first rank, and present tbe first stars.
and are frequented only by the most orderly
and appreciative classes, and not less than
four public literacy associations are in full
blast, sustaining courses of lectures by the
highest literary talent of the land ; besides,
a score of private clubs and circles, where
literary rehearsals ahd gossip are the order
01 the evening
Schuyler Colfax is the first Speaker of
tne House who has ever established a regu
lar order of weekly receptions, and these
are working wonders in develonino the
highest order, of social tone in Washington.
Freed, as they are, from the rather unsocial
formalities of tbe Executive receptions, and
yet known to be not quite so open to the
everybodies who are at liberty to call oa the
President, they bring together all congenial
spirits and partake more of the social gath
erings of largo circles of friends. Here,
for the first time in Washington, is estab
lished beyond cavil even admitted by men
who have spent their lives in Southern
society the long denied fact of the supe
riority of Northern, Eastern, and Western
women. .Southern belles adorn the ball
room. In the quick sayings and ready re
partee which make op the stock in trade of
idle conversation at such places, they were
au fait that had been their forte from
their childhood. Fixed up dolls to be
looked at for tbe occasion, they were nothing
short of angels in tbe eyes of those no less
empty and vapid males whose peculiar
chivalry consisted in professing to regard
them as really angels, and themselves
their archangels. Their 6tyle of conversa
tion and taste for compliment fostered these
almost comic whimsicalities. That lady
was the beautiful and accomplished wife of
Col. is,, of Kentucky; those the angelic
daughters of Judge M-, of Alabama, and
that the lovely heiress of tbe lordly W., of
South Carolina ; and thus wo had it, though
the first may have been as ugly as a mud
fence, and tbe others insipid to stupidity,
or vain and silly to disgust. But as here,
where every woman is measured by what
she knows, and by the force of her own
personal character, tbe women of the North
stand pre-eminent over their Southern sis
ter. Not regarding ignorance of public
affairs as an accomplishment as Southern
gentlemen would have yon believe they
regard it the women of tbe North discuss
the state of tbe country, tbe condition of the
army and navy, gives her views on tbe
pending questions before Congress, criticises
this Senator and that Representative, talks
of our foreign relations, is posted in litera
ture, discusses reforms and social progress
and conditions, and beaidee is perfectly at
borne in all the light gossip work of society.
This latter is her natural knowledge, and in
it, she is tbe equal of her Sonthera sister;
but regarding the former as tke higher
accomplishment, becaase it is tbe more
highly appreciated by tbe Northern male
sentiment, she is by jast.tbatmueh superior
to tne woman of the South. When aeasi
by the bite of an asp in her 40th year.
Reader, be careful of rich, unwholesomo
food and avoid all excesses. Tarry not at
tbe tempting board. Better rise from a
good appetite, than to be surfeited with
food. Too much eating unfits the mind for
study and tbe body for work.
A few Words to a Father Take
your son for a companion whenever you
conveniently can ; it will relieve tbe already
overburdened anxious mother of so much
care. It will gratify the boy ; it will please
the mother ; it certainly ought to be pleas
ure to you. What mother's eye would not
brighten when ber child is kindly cared
for ? And when his eye kindles, his heart
beats, and bis tongue prattles faster with
idea of " going with father," does she not
share her little boy's happiness, and is not
ber love deepened by ber husband's consid
eration, so just, and yet too cften so extra
ordinary ? It will keep him and you oat
of places, society, and temptations into
which, separately, you might enter. It
will establish confidence, sympathy, esteem
and love between you. It will give yoa
abundant and very favorable opportunities
to impart instruction, to infuse and cultivate
noble principles, and to develop and
strengthen a true manhood. It will enable
him to " see the world," and to enjoy a
certain liberty which may prevent that
future licentiousness which so often results
from a sudden freedom from long restraint
m
3 A lad in a printing office oame upon
the name of Hecate, occurring in a line
like this :
" Shall reign the Hecate of the deepest hell."
The boy, thinking he bad discovered an er
eror, ran to the master printer and inquired
eagerly whether there was an e in eat.
" Why, no, you blockhead," was the reply.
Away went the boy to the pressroom and
extracted the objectionable letter. But
fancy tbe horror of both poet and publisher
when the poem appeared with tbe line :
" Shall reign the Uk Cat of the deepest hell."
A newspaper sometime ago gravely in
formed its readers that a rat descending the
river came in contact with a steamboat with
such serious injury to the boat that great
exertions were necessary to save it. It was
a raff, and not a rat, descending the river.
In the Priory of Hamessa there dwelt a
prior who was very liberal, and wbo caused
these lines to be written over his door :
" Be cnen evermore. O. thou irv door.
To none be shut, to honest or to poor."
But after his death there succeeded him
another, whose name was Rayahard, as
ereedy and covetous as the other was boun
tiful and liberal, wbo kept tbe same lines
there still, changing nothing therein but
one point, which made them run after this
manner:
" Be open evermore, O, thou my door.
To none, be shut to honest or to poor."
The following sentence from a recently
written novel, shows tbe importance of
punctuation :
" He enters on his head, his helmet on
his feet, armed sandals npon his brow ;
there was a cloud in bis right hand, his
faithful word in his eye, an angry glare,
he sat down."
a During tbe dark days of the seige,
when food and forage were scarce, aad the
ghastly corpses and bleached skeletons of
starved mules lined the thoroughfares here
abouts, General Grant and Quartermaster
General Meigs arrived at Chattanooga.
Taking an airing on horseback one afteraee
they passed tbe carcass of a bage mnla
lying by tbe roadside, whose "ill saver
went up " before and around them. Tim
hero of Vicksbarg removed his briar root
from his. lips, and remarked, sorrewfally,
"Ah, General, there lies a dead soldier of
t be Quartermaster's DenartsMnt i" " Yae,
General," replies the Quartermaster General
in subdaed, tones, " in kirn yaw sea the
ruling passion strong in deafi ' ex
lined
bla men associate with sock women as these, for the old veteran has already irum tke
(bey feel within themselves; " Well, these offensive,"
- re--rary"Miu : m' na wm rm naaaaBaarriatwagir:
frm-jin rfi-fDnrarrTTTT--

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