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THE SMOKI HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
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"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE 'FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION."
JTJIsrCTIOIf CITY, KAJSTS.AS, SATUEDAY, MABCH 26, 1S64.
mofm pll anb gcpufnt fttnian,
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SCHEDULE OF STAMP DUTIES.
BEVISED lEIIUUAIlT 1, 18G4.
Acknowledgement of deeds, or other
instruments made before a justice,
notary or other qualified officer, exempt.
Affidavit, 5 cts.
Agreement or Appraisement (for ench
sheet, or piece of paper on which
the same is written) 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfer of Mortgage,
Leaso or Policy of Insurance is sub
ject to the same duty as the original
Assignment ordinary, as of bond, with
out guaranty, exempt.
Assignment of Patent Right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts, Orders, &c, at
eight or on demand, for all sums of
money exceeding 820, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ( Foreign) drawn in
but payable out of the Uuited States,
each hill, of set of three or more,
must be stamped.
For oyery bill of each set, where the sum
wade payable does not exceed one hundred
and fifty dollars, or the equivalent thereof
in an' foreign currency in which such bills
may be expressed, according to the stand
ard of value fixed by the United States,
Above 8150 and not above $250, 5 cts.
" 8250 " " 500, 10 cts.
' And above in proportion.
(Foreign,) whether drawn in or out of
the United States (if drawn singly or in
duplica'e), pay the tame rates of duty as
Inland Bills of Exchange.
The acceptor or acceptors of any Bill of
Exchange, or order for the payment of any
sum of tunney drawn, or purporting to be
drawn, in any foreign country, but payable
in the Uuited States mut, before payiug
or accepting the same, place thereupon a
stamp indicating the duty. See Section 10,
Act of July 1, 1SG2.J
Bills of Exchange (Inland), draft or or
der, exceeding 20, payable otherwise than
at sight or on demand, and any promissory
note (except deposit notes to mutual insur
ance companies), whether payable on de
mand or at any time not exceding 33 days,
grace included; from date or sight, for every
200 or fractional part thereof, 1 ct.
Bills of Exchange, exceeding 33 days,
and not exceeding G3 days, as aforesaid.
Exceeding G3, days, and not exceeding
93 days, as aforesaid, 3 ct"s.
Exceeding 93 days, and not exceeding
four months and three days, as aforesaid,
Exceeding 4 months, and not exceeding
6 months and 3 days as aforesaid, 6 cts.
Exceeding 6 months and 3 days, 10 cts.
The warrant of attorney to confess
judgment on a note or bond is exempt from
rj?.nip duty, if the note or bond is properly
Bond, personal, for the payment of mon
ey. (See mortgage.) 50 cts.
Bond, official, 50 cts.
Bond, for deed or conveyance of land,
Bonds County, city, town bond?, rail
road aud other corporation bonds, and scrip
are subject to stamp duty. (See mortgage)
Bonds of an) description other than such
as are required in legal proceedings, and
such are not otherwise charged in this
Schedule, 25 cts.
Certificate of deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding 8100, 2 cts.
Certificate of deposit in bank, sum ex
ceeding $100, 5 cts.
Certificate of stock in an incorporated
company, for a sum not less than $10 nor
exceeding 850, 10 cts.
Certificate of profits in an incorporated
company for a sum exceeding 850, 25 cts.
Certificate general, &- cts-
'"Certificate of record upon the" instru
ment recorded, exempt.
Certificate of -record, on book, exempt.
Certificate of weightier measurement of
animals, coal,' wood, at otherarticles, x't-
Certificate of- owhersbip"of burial lot 5 c.
-Certificate of qualification of a Justice
'of theuPeace, Commissioner ofDeeds jor
Notary, Public, , ! ' 5 cts.
Certificate of 'search of records, 5 cts.
Certificate that certain papers are on file,
" Certiioftte that certain papers' cannot be
Certificate of sale of land for taxes, Sets
Certificate of birth, marriage and death,
(when required by State law) 5 cts.
Certificate of qualifications of school
teachers (when required by State law, 5 cts.
Certified Transcripts of judgment, satis
faction of judgment, and of papers on file,
each, 5 ct3.
N. B. As a general rule, every certifi
cate which has, 'or may have, legal value in
any court of law or equity, will require a
stamp duty of five cents. J
Conveyance, deed, instrument, or writing
whereby lands, tenements, or other realty
sold, shall be conveyed, the actual value of
which exceeds $100, and does not exceed
S500, 50 cts.
Conveyance above 8500" and not above
one thousand dollars, $1 00
Conveyance above one thousand dollars
and not above two 2,500 dollars, 2 00
Conveyance above two thousand five hun
dred and not above 5,000 dollars, 5 00
Conveyance above me thousand and not
above ten thousand dollars, 10 00
Conveyance above ten thousand and not
above twenty thousand dollars, 20 .00
For every additional ten thousand dollars
or fractional part thereof in excess of twen
ty thousand dollars actual value, 20 00
Lease of lands or tenements, if for a
time not excecdiug three years, 50 cts.
Lease of lands or tenement?, if for a
time exceeding three years, 81 00
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sale, or per
sonal bond for the payment of money, for
every c-OU, or tractional part tucreor, iUc.
N. B, Each and every bond or note,
secured by a chattle or real estate mortgage,
having paid a stamp duty of ten cents on
every sum of two hundred dollars, or any
fractional part thereof, of the amount there
by bound, or promised to be paid, no stamp'
duty is required upon the mortgage secur
ing tbe samo.J
Power of Attorney, general, 81 00
Probate of Will, or Letters of Adminis
tration, where the alue of both real and
personal estate does not exceed 82,500 50.
Probate of Will, or Letters of Adminis
tration value exceeding 82,500 and not
exceeding 85,000, 1 00
Probate of Will, or Letters of Adminis
tration value exceeding 85,000 and not
exceeding 820,000. 2 00
Probate Bond.-, of Executors, Administra
tors, Trustees, and Guardians, are each sub
ject to stamp duty of 50 cts.
Probate Letters of Appointments exempt
Probate Certificate of Appointment 5 cts.
Protest upon note, bill of exchange,
check, draft, &c, ' 25 cts.
Promissory Note or memorandum check,
receipt, or other written or priuted evidence
of an amount of money to be paid on de
mand, or at a tinio designated, whether
niven for twenty dullars, also judgment
notes, arc subject to tbe same stamp duty
a? ' Bills of Exchange, Inland " A re
newal of a Promissory Note subjects it to
tbe same amount of stamp duty as an ori
Quit Claim Deed should be stamped as
'Conveyance," except when given as " re
lease of niorUraae," in which case it is
Release, discharge, and satisfaction of
Receipts ffor money, and all ieceipts,
except warehouse receipts, exempt.
Sheriff's return on writ, or other process,
Trust Deed, made to secure a debt, is to
be stamped as a mortgage.
Trut Deed, conveying estate to uses,
should be stamped as " Conveyance."
Warehouse Receipt 25 cts.
Writ, or other original process by which
any suit is commenced in any court of
record, either law or equity 50 cts.
N. B. Each part of an agreement, bill
of lading, charter party, contract, or lease,
relied on as evidence,' either at law or in
equity, must be stamped. J
General Remarks. Revenue stamps
may be used indiscriminately upon any of
the matters or things enumerated in Sched
ule B of the act of July 1, 18G2, except
proprietory and playing card stamps, for
which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in pay
ment of the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instru
ment to affix and cancel the stamp required
thereon. If he neglects to do so, the party
for whose use it is made may stamp it
before it is used ; but in no case can it be
legally used without a stamp ; and if issued
after June 1st. 1863, and used without a
stamp, it cannot afterward be effectually
stamped. Any failure on the part of the
maker of an instrument to appropriately
stamp it subjects him -to a penalty of fifty
Suits are commenced in many States by
other process than writs, viz: summons,
warrants, publication, petition, &c., in
which cases these as the original processes,
severally require stamps.
An appeal or instrument by which a suit
is transferred from a Justice" of the Peace
to a superior court is an origin arprocess,
and subject to stamp duty as such.
Writs of scire facial aFe'subject to stamp
duty as original processes.
The jurat of as affidavit, taken by a Jus-
uce w x cue,4. wary ramie, or otner
officer dnly authorized tp take affidavits, it
held to be a certificate and subject to a
stamp duty of five cents. When, however;
affidavits, are madg.relajive to any petition,
motion,-1 or other proceeding in any suit
actually pending in any Court, no Stamp
duty is cbargable thereon, in consideration
of the fifty-cent stamp affixed to the " ori
ginal process" by which such suit was com
menced. The fifty-cent stamp affixed to
the "original process in tbe commencement
of a suit exempts all affidavits made or
certificates issued under it.
Certificates of loan, in which there shall
appear any written or printed evidence of
an amount of money to be paid on demand,
or at a time designated, are subject to stamp
duty as " Promissory Notes."
A mortgage or trust deed being- duly
stamped as Mortgage," is not subject to
further stamp duty by tirtue of a power of
attorney or, power of sale coutained therein.
The assignment of a mortgage is subject
to the same stamp duty as that imposed
upon tbe original instrument; that is to
say. on every sum of two hundred dollars,
or any fractional part thereof, of tbe amount
secured by the mortgage at the lime of its
assignment, there mutt be affixed a stamp
or stamps denoting a duty often cents.
When two or more persons join in the
execution of an instrument, the stamp to
which the instrument is liable under tbe
law nay be affixed and canceled by any one
of the parties. "
In all conveyances of real estate by deed,
where the actual value of the estate con
veyed exceeds one hundred dollar.-, the
law provides that the stamp affixed" must
answer to the value of the estate conveyed.
Where such value does not exceed one
hundred'dollars, the instrument of convey
ance is subject to a stamy duty of five cents
per sheet. See "Agreement."
Where there is a sale of laud incumbered
by a mortgage, without a covenant by the
grantee, express, or implied, to pay the
mortgigc debt, the stamp must be appro
priate to the consideration of tbe grant, of
winch consideration the mortgage will not
form a part. Where the grantee 'assumes
to pay the mortgage debt, or takes the land
subject to it, that debt is properly estimated
as a part of tho consideration, and the
stamp will be such as is appropriate to the
whole value of the land.
A good rule to observe in acknowledging
and recording instruments, is to make a
note in tho acknowledgment or on the
record of the amount of stamp duty affixed,
and the date of cancellation.
WILL WATER BURN !
We mean, can it be so burned as to econ-j
omizc and replace other fuel 1 The dip
credit thrown on the affirmative of this
question by Payne's abortive quackeries at
Worcester, some years since, have not dis
couraged further researches and experiments
which in oue case we know not but in
others already promise the moatimportaut
and bemfiueni results.
Mr. William E. Hagan, an educated and
practical chemist, of Troy, New York, has
for some years been at work on the prob
lem ; aud his success is embodied in a new
process which may be seen in operation in
an ordinary parlor stove in the rear of the
Market Bank, No. 82 Nassau street, and in
a furnace stove 494 Broadway. Tbe water,
contained in a boiler on the top of the
stove or furnace, may be supplied daily as
it usually is to a boiler placed there to
maintain a proper humidity in tbe atmos
phere, or by a feedpipe from a .main or
reservoir wherever (as in this city) a supply
may thus be bad. An ordinary stove will
consume from three to four gallons per day;
and this is conveyed, through a pipe on the
inner surface of tbe stove, but avoiding
direct contact with the coal or other fuel,
till it is emitted, in the form of superheated
steam, at the bottom of the fire, where it is
decomposed by the contact into hydrogen
and carbonic acid gas, which instantly com
bine afresh, producing carbonic oxide, which
undergoes a still further combination or
combustion on being presented to the air,
with a large development of caloric or heat,
at each successive stage or combination.
Mr. Hagan, of course, does not pretend
to dispense with carbon or fuel by his in
vention, but to economize its use to the
last decree. In other words, instead of
allowing half tbe carbon to escape in the
form of carbonic acid, he consumes it en
tirely, leaving nothing to escape as smoke
but water, and perhaps a little ammonia.
He thus reduces the consumption of carbon
or coal one half, while maintaining a more
temperate and equable combustion with a
steadier and more healthful heat. The
atmosphere of apartments or bouses heated
by his stoves or furnaces is more bland and
summer-like than any other process of com
bustion can supply. And, as tbe process is
by no means expensive adding perhaps
one-third to the cost of a stove, arid oae
tentb to that of a furnace we predict Cor
his invention a rapid and general adoption.
The husband of a buxom wife near
Exeter, England, had been dying, and' at
length one of the clergymen of the parisn,
making one of bis daily visits, found him
dead. The disconsolate widow, in giving
her account of her spouse's last moments,
told himr her poor dear man kept groaning
and groaning-, but could not die. "At
lastVshe said, " I recollected that I had
a new piece of tape In thedrawer, and s I
took and lied It as tight as I could around
bis neck,aud then "I stoppedhis nose with
my-thunib and fingef,ran!,' poor dear, he
went off like a Iamb." -- -
SHAKESPERE. . .
Thai- immortal bard whose name heads
this article would, be, if now living, three
.hundred years old during tbe present year.
In England, and in America, too, arrange
meats arc being made to celebrate, upon a
grand scale, the ter-centenary birthday of
Sbakspere. That this celebration may
occur upon tbe proper day, the question is
here presented for tbe consideration of those
most deeply; interested.
Sbakspere was'born upon the 23d day of
April, loG4 ; but p that was .old style,
and as in changing to tbe new 'Style there
were a a umber of days dropped, the anni
versary of his birthday does not occur on
the 23d, nor on any other day of the month
For reasons entirely satisfactory to the
law-makers of Great .Britain, the Parliament
of .England, by solemn enactment, decreed
that the eleven da s between the second and
fourteenth of September, of the year 1752,
should be dropped j so that the day which
would otherwise have been called the third,
became the fourteenth.
Ever since, which, in that country and in
this, as well as in all tbe British colonies,
eleven days have been, and must be, added
to any eveut happening antecedent to .(hat
change to arrive at its correct annivcrsaiy.
Our own -belbved Washington was: born
on the eleventh of February, old style, 1732,
but we celebrate the twenty second as the
true anniversary of his birthday. This is
perfectly proper; for if the eleventh were
so observed, his years would lack eleven
days' of being full and complete.
The actual three hundredth anniversary
of the birthday of Sbakspere will occur on
Mayv.4th, 1864 not one day earlier or one
day later. All who contemplate the com
memoration of the ter-centenary birthday
of this wonderful, great, brilliant genius,
should ponder this matter well before de
termining to anticipate tbe day of his birth;
for, if the 23d. of April is so observed, .it
would be equivalent to celebrating the
anniversary of the birthday of American
Independence on the 23d of June, of every
year, in the place of the 4th of July, the
TYPE IN PI.
The slaveholders and their friends have
always tried to avoid using the word Sla
very. It is too direct and expressive. It
is the synonym of injustice and crime, and
everybody knows it as such. Therefore we
hae been regaled with all kinds of euphu
ism. The first is in the Constitution
" persons held to labor." Then we have
had " the peculiar institution"; and ' in
voluntary servitude ;" and " the industrial
system of the South;" and a score more.
The thing meant was always inhumanity
and crime, but it was extremely disagree
able to call a slave market " human sham
bles," or the selling of a woman by a " high
toned gentleman" to pay his debts-"dealing
in human flesh ;" because, as Senator Rev
erdy Johnson informs, us such "gentlemen"
are very proud and 'sensitive. But they
have now reached the Highest point of
euphuism. The address of the Confederate
Congress calls what John Wesley bad more
concisely described as " the sum of all vil
lauies" by an infinitely sweeter name.
Human slavery, with all its untold woes
and wrongs to the victim and its master
which the Honorable James Brooks de
scribed a few years since as " a dead drag
upon tbe body politic," endangering " the
peace and happiness of tbe master, and
robbing tbe slave of his freedom and birth
right" this pleasing system is airily men
tioned in the rebel address as "the selected
type of social characteristics." Mr. Brooks
is now of opinion that the selected type of
social characteristics has been thrown into
pi and we heartily agree with him. Har
Dream of a (Quaker Lady. mere is
a beautiful story told of a pious old Quaker
lady who was addicted to smoking tobacco.
She had indulged in this habit until it bad
increased so much upon her that sho-r not
only smoked her pipe a large portion of the
day, but frequently sat up m her bed in the
night. After one of these nocturnal en
tertainments, she fell asleep, and dreamed
that she died and approached Heaven.
Meeting an angel, she asked if her name
was written in tbe book of life. He dis
appeared, but replied upon returning, that
he could not find it. " Oh," she said, "do
look again ; it must be there." He exam
ined again, but returned with sorrowful
e . r- r Ti : u o. r urn. l'
race, saying, - xt ta , uoic. u,
she said, in agony, "it must be there ; I
have the assurance it is there 1 Do look
again l" The angel was moved, to tears by
her entreaties, and again left her to renew
bis search. After a long absence he came
back, his face radiant with joy, and ex
claimed. ' We have found it ; but it was
so clouded with tobacco smoke that we
could hardly see iVL JEhe woman, upon
waking, immediately threw hex pipe-alaay,
and never indulged in smoking again.
Habits of thePresidest The Presi
dent, we are 'told, invariably addresses
Swk1 and: Chase m "Governor." Mr.!
Dlair as "Ju3ge,n the Secretary of ta
Navy as " Mr. Welles,and the secretary
of War as " Stanton. With others he "is
mere familiar, calling the Commander-in-Chief41
Heary; abd the Governor of Peoi-
AN JREBGULAR ELECTION.
The present Legislature of Kansas has
bluuderedj It has violated tbe practice of
all State governments since the organiza
tion of the first National Senate in 1783,
in electing Governor "Carney to .succeed a
unrtea states senator wnose term ot otaee
does not expire until after the authority of
tbe present Legislature ceases to exist and
another body of men is elected by tbe peo
ple of that State, duly and latcst.authorized
to express their will on tbe Senatorial ques
tion. If tbe people of Kansas disliko the
Senator from that State, whose terra of
office expires on the 4th of March, 1SG5,
they can far butter ex press jit through a
Legislature to be elected next fall the
proper and only body, according to all prec
edent, to pass upon the subject than a
Legislature like tbe present, one branch of
which (the Senate) was elected in 18G2 and
the other branch (the House) elected in
When a State provides by constitutional
law that a legislature elected two or three
years previous to the expiration of a United
States Senator's term shall elect his suc
cessor, then the election wiU not only be
constitutional but the people will have fair
notice, and a Senator so elected .would be
the people's choice and would be admitted
to a seat in the Senate ; but a man -ehcted
in the irregular way that Governor Carney
was, ought not, and, we venture the opin
ion, will not, be admitted to a seat in the
United States Senate. The precedent would
be dangerous to every man now holding n
seat in that-'body. Besides, no man who
has been offered a scat upon such a basis
has appeared to claim it, finding out before
band that he was not honorably entitled to
the scat. There are several cases upon
record where tbe same thing has been at
tempted and failed, but not one where it
has succeeded. Tbe present Legislature of
Kansas has just as much right to elect the
successor of Mr. Pomeroy as it has to elect
the successor of Mr. Lane.
The official records of the United States
Senate show that in every instance where,
before tbe expiration of tbe Senatorial term
a Senator has been elected for tbe ensuing
term he has been elected at the session of
the State Legislature next preceding the
commencement of such term.
The only man who ever dishonored the
gubernatorial chair of Massachusetts Hen
ry J. Gardner attempted to reverse the
time-honored practice of the Legislatures of
that ancient Commonwealth in order to ans
wer bis own selfish purpose and succeed
Mr. Sumner in tbe Senate of the United
States, by the accomplishment of the very
act just performed in Kansas, but the in
dignant voice of the people of Massachu
setts was against it aud tbe trick completely
failed. Does Gov. Carney wish to be class
ed with such infamous men as Henry J.
Gardner? We think not.
Henry A. Wise, (now in the rebel army)
when Governor of Virginia, had a majority
of friends in the Legislature of that State,
who elected him to succeed R. M. T. Hun
.ter in the United States Senate, two years
before Mr. Hunter's term expired. The
people became indignant at the .act and
elected another Legislature, with a majority
in favor of Hunter. Wise was ignomin
iously defeated. Does Governor Carney
wished to ba placed in the same position by
tbe people of Kansas? ;r
In 153, the Legislature of California
was opposed to Mr. Gwin, at that time one
of the Senators of .that' State, and an in
trigue was started for taking advantage of
this fact by choosing a succossor, although
his tersi did not expire till two yea'fs after
ward, and the Legislature was chosen annu
ally. At the same time, it was reported
at Washington that the Legislature of New
York, which was friendly to Mr. Seward,
proposed to anticipate the expiration of his
term, and to make choice of him for the
Under these circumstances a conference
took place between Mr. Gwin and Mr.
Seward, in tbe course of which Mr. Seward
declared, that according to bis knowledge no
instance had occurred .of a Senator taking
his seat under such circumstances ; that, in
his opinion, a Senator thus chosen would
not be entitled to a seat; that, for himself,
he would not sit by virtue of such a choice,
and that be was ready to make this decla
ration at once, in open Senate, in order to
avert in advance any such an idea, either in
New York or California. The intrigue In
California exploded, andrthe whole affair
subsided. But tbe incident may be con
sidered in the nature of a precedent. It
Hvas at this time that tbe OlerK ot the
Senate was applied to for official informa
tion on the subject, and the following letter
was the result :
OmcE of Secretart. or thk TJ. S. Sesaie, ?
April 2, 1863. J
Snt: Since my letter of the 17th ultimo,
tbe examination has been carried back to
the ery first session of the Senate in 1789,
and as far as can be ascertained from the
records of the Senate, it is found that is
every instance where, before the expiratioe
of a Senatorial term, a Senator bas been
elected for tbe ensuing term, be has been
elected at the session of the State Legitla
ture next preceding tba oomaeneeaacnt of
sach term. I have the honor, &c,
:Secretary-U. 8: Senate.
The 'authorities on this subject are 'nu
merous. .There are two or three important
opinions which wo shall publish in a few
days. We have no doubt that Governor
Carney has discovered the mUtake made by
the Legislature rre this, and will not at
tempt to enforce a bad' rule at the tXpenso
of'O good one. W'asliington Republican.
CURIOUS ILLUSTRATION OF RED TAPE.
About fifteen years ago, it happened, in
a certain country of Europe, that the In
spector General of garrisons, while visiting
a provincial town, obsen-ed a sentinel sta
tioned at a'little distance, outside tbe walls,
keeping guard 'over some ruined buildings
in tbe suburbs. The General inquired of
the sentinel, with some curiosity, why ho
was posted thure. The sentinel referred
him to his scrgonnt. The sergeant- had
nothing to say but that such were the orders
of his Lieutenant, Tbe Lieutenant justi
fied himself under the authority of the
Captain commandant of the garrison. Upon
being applied to for bis reasons for the
standing order in question, the comman
dant inforuied the Inspector Genera, with
much seriousness, that his predecessor in
office had handed down to him the custom
as one of the inili'ary duties of the place.
A search was immediately instituted in the
archives of the municipality, the result of
which was to obtain satisfactory proof that,
for the last seventy vears, a sentinel bad
always stood over the ruined buildings in
tbe same manner. With awakened interest
and curiosity, the Goncral returned to tho
capital. He there set on foot a more elab
orate investigation among the Sute docu
ments of the Minister of War. After long
delay, it was at last discovered that tho
mined building of the Faubourg had been,
in 1720, a storehouse for mattrasses belong
in! to the garri-ion, and that in the course
of that summer it became desirable to paint
tbe door. While the paint was wet, a
guard was placed outide to warn those who
went in and out - but, before the paint was
dry, it came to p-iss that the officer on duty
wa3 dispatched on a mission of importance,
and left the town without remembering to
remove the sentinel. For a hundred and
thirty years a guard of honor had conse
quently remained over the door a sacred
and inviolable tradition, but one which
represented at 'hot torn no higher idea than
the idea of wet paint London Review.
Dr. Payson and the Lawyer. At
tbe instance of the women in the family of
a distinguished lawyer, Dr. Payson was in
vited to tea. The lawyer had predetermin
ed the utter exclusion of religious conversa
tion and services from his house on that
occasion, and as the evening passed, rallied
nil his powers to fence such unwelcome
matters out. Dr. Payson saw at onco his
object, and determined to foil him. Ho
had in part succeeded, when tea was an
nounced not in tho usual form at a table,
but by the appearance of a servant with a
waiter to cnr.y the tea around. Quick as
thought, the doctor turning to the lawyer,
interposed the question, " What writer bas
said the devil invented the fashion of car
rying around tea to preient a blessing be
ing asked ?" " I d- n't know," replied tbe
baffled lawyer, " what writer; but if you
please, we will foil the devil this time will
you ask a blessing, sir?" The blessing
was, of course, asked, and at the close of
the evening, the Scriptures read, and pray
er offered all at the request of the master
of tbe house, whe had predetermined their
TriE ArrROACiiixu Est) of Slavery.
The Catholic Telegraph of last week
says : " As rats abandi-n a sinking ship, so
the advocates of slavery are taking a long
farewell to the peculiar institution. Even
Brooks, of the N. Y. Exprets, bas turned
his back on it. Before many months tho
white laborer will have a field of enterprise
opened to his energies such as was never
before seen in this or any other country.
Let the church prepare for the new order
of things. The. land that was desolate shall
blossom like a rose. Where the pestiferous
breath of slavery heretofore destroyed every
holy effort of our faith to take root and
flourish, now that the evil is removed, tho
pure breath of freedom prevails; and tho
sign of the cros3 will be seen where a few
years ago no one thought of its appearance.
The enemies of the church and of our hu
manity rage in vain. Senseless political
prejudices must disappear before the light
of divine truth.
Names of Various Sizes of Books.
Folio denotes a sheet of paper folded into
two leaves, making four pages ; quarto, or,
as abrevfated, 4to or 4, is a sheet divided
into four leaves, or eight pages; octavot
8vo or 8, a sheet into eight leaves, or six
teen pages j duodecimo, 12mo or 12, a
sheet into twelve leaves, or twenty four
pages. So, also, sixteens. 16mo or 16;
eighteens. 18mo or 18; twenty-fours,
24mo or 24; thirty-twos, 23mo or 32j
forty-eights, 48mo or 48; sixty-fours,
64mo or 64 are the several designations
of sheets when folded into sixteen, eighteen,
twenty-four, thirty-two, forty-eight, and
sixty-foor leaves; making each twice the
number of pages.
t&T However ill the world may have
gone, tbe roses still blow, and the thrushes
still sing in it.
m : -
Hard Grub. There are omcarsrw
Charleston Harbor who have lived on an
ironclad ram for nearly two years.