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THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
""WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION." Volumo III. JUNCTION CITY, KANSAS, SATUEDAY, -AJPR3X. 23, 1864. Number 23. jjmoliji gill mibgrgulni fttnimt, rCDLWnCD ETZET B.VTUBDAT JTOJUflSO AT JOTOTIOM, DAVIS Co., KANSAS TC. E. BAF.TLETT. - - - S. M. STRICKLER, Proprietors. TT1I. S. BLAEELT. - - - GEO. W. MAIITIX, Editors and Publishers. crn-u nc land office building. 7EBM3 OF SCUSCEIPTIOX : Onseopr. ouojiar, .... $2.03 Tfs. copie3, one year, .... 15.00 Payment required in nil cases in advance. 11 papers discontinue.! at the expiration of the time for which payment i3 received. TERU3 OF AD7ECTISIX0 : One sqmrc, first insertion. - - $1-00 Xcch subsequent insertion, 50 Ten lines or les3 bein: a square. Yearly a Jverti3e:nent3 inserted on liberal terms. JOBTOEK !ono iispa.ch, and in the latest style of CT Paym.-. required for all Job Work on 'eiiverr. B3A72 BOYS ARE THEY. Uovilj- fills the r.iin. Wild art the breezes to-night ; But 'neath the roof, the hours as they fly. Are happy, and calm, and bright. Gathering round our fireside, Tho' it he summer time, We sit ami talk of brothers abroad, Forgi-tting the midnight chime. Brave buys are lhe3. Gone at their county's call. Anil 3'et, and j'et. we cm not forjjet That many brave hojs uiU3t fall. Under the homestead roof. Nestled so cozy and warm. While soldiers sleep with little or nought Tn shelu-r them from the storm, Hi'Mini: on i-rnpjy couches. Pillowed tut hillocks damp ; Of martial fure Imw Utile we know, Till brothers are in the camp. Brave boys arc they, fcc. Thinking no les of them, Loving our country the more, Wi- st-iit Ui.-m forth, to fight fr the flag Their ft. titers lie fore them bore. Though the great teir-drops started. This vn our p.irtitiir trut Gol lilesa you bo-s! 'Ve'll welcome you Vriien r bels nre in the dust." Brave boys are they, itc. JInv the bright wing3 of love. Guard them where er they roam ; The time h-ts come when brothers must fight And sister tr.ust pray t home. Oh ! The iltvad field of battle! Sjoh lie Btrown with graves' If brothers fill, tln-n bury them where Our banner in triumph waves. Brave bc-s are thy, fcc. AGE5 OF EMINENT MILITARY MEN. Washington was in his forty fourth yeat when he tfaumed command of the Revolu tionary wmies, and n his fiftieth when be took l'orktown. General Taj lor wan in In f-ixty second year when the Mexican war b',ri!i, tind in less than a year In; wen the battles uf Palo Alt", Ilesaca de la Pal ma, Monterey uml Hue Vista. He, ton, was badly supported. The secessi m wai has been conducted by elderly or middle aged men. General L"e, whom the world holds tn have displayed the most ability in it, is about fifty-six. General Roscerans i. forty four and General Giant forty-two. Stonewall Jackson died at thirty-seven, General Banks i.s fortv-eight, Goo. Hooker forty-five. General Jeaureg:nd forty six, General IJ-agg forty-nine, G.euernl lJurtiside forty. General Giimore thirty-nine, General Franklin fotty-om, General Magruder fifty three, General Meade forty-eight, General S-hinlcr Hamilton forty-two. Gen. Charles S. Hamilton fotty, and General Foster forty. Getiurul Lander, a inau of great promise, died in bis fortieth year. General Stevens at foity-five. General Sickles was in bis forty-first j'car when lie was wounded at Gelt). -burg, and General Reno was lliirty peven whsu be died so bravely at South Mountain. Gener;-! Pemberton lost Vicks burg at forty-five, Geucral W. T. Sherman forty-four. General McCIellan was in bis thirty fifth year when he assumed command at Washington in 1301. General Lyon had not completed the first month of his forty third year when he fell at Wilson's Creek. General McDowell was in his forty third year when he failed at Dull Run, in conse quence of the coming up of Joo Johuston, who wa fifty-one. General Keyes is fifty-three, General Kelley fiftv-sevni, General King forty, and General Pope forty-one. General A-S. Johnson was fifty-nine when he was killed at Shil.di. General Ilalleck is forty-eight, General Longstrect is forty. The best of the Southern cavalry lenders was Ashby wh was killed at thirty-cight. General Stuart Is twenty-nine. On our side, General Stanley is thirty. jGcur;il Pleasonton is forty, and General Aerill about -thirty. General Phelps is fifty-one, General Polk fifty-eight. General S. Cooper sixty-eight. General J. Cooper fifty-four, and General Blunt thirty-eight. '1 he' list might bo uiueh extended, but xery few young men could be found in it cr.very few old men. The best of our leaders nre tneti who have either passed beyond middle life, or who may be said to bo in tbe enjoyment of that stage of exist ence. It is so, too, with tbe Rebels. If tbo war docs not afford many facts in sup port, of the position that old generals are ery useful, neither docs it afford many to tfctqttoted by those who hold that tbe hit lory of herotHjn is tho history of youth, DEATH OF THE WIDOW OF EX-PRESIDENT HARBISON. Tho venerable widow of ex-President Harrison, residing at North Bend, Ohio, died on Friday, aged 88 years. We trans fer to our columns the following graceful obituary from the Cincinnati Gazette: A mother in Israel has departed another of those pioneers are passing away nearly all gone, and of whom it may soon be said, "They are all gathered to their fathers." Coming generations will reap the fruit of their labors; but th.ir faces shall never be seen more. Mrs. Harrison wn,3 tbo only daughter of John Cleves Sytnmes, the original purcha ser of the Miami country. Shu was mar ried to the Hon. Captain Harrison, who commanded Fort Washington, soon aftei the departure of General Wayne for the Atlantic States, probably in 179G. She had, therefore, been forty-five years married when her husband, then President of the United States, died, and twenty-three 3-ear since, a widow. But Mrs. Harrison's life comprehended vastly more than this. She was with her husband as he passed through all the stations of civil and military career. She married him as Captain Harrison. She saw him as General and Commander in Chief, Member of Congress, Senator, Gov ernor, and President. She was with him iu prosperity aud adversity, for they were compelled to see, in various ways, not a little adversity. In this long career, Mfn Harrison never fai.cd in any Christian duty. Perhaps, her most distinct trait of chr.r acter, in relation to that public life, in which her husband and family were so much call ed lo act, was her want of any love of show or inordinate ambition. To all the allure ments of public life, she was indifferent; but quietly pursued the huiublc, discreet, self-denying offices of a Christian woman. In fact, Mrs. Harrison was a pious, devoted, benevolent Christian; pursuing the duties rf Christian life with exemplary fidelity. Her character is summed up in one para graph from Howe'd " Ohio." " She is distinguished for her benevolence and her piety ; and all who know her view her with esteem aud affection, and her whole course through life, in all. its relations, has been characterized by those qualifications that complete the character of an accomplished matron." When such a matron, who has seen bus band, children and even grand children descend before her to the grave, shall depart full of grace, and leaving her fruits behind, who shall lament? The Hged trunk hai fallen, but the spirit has gone to God, who gave it. Blessed are the dead who dio in the Lord. THE WIT OF SARCASM. To be sarcastical is thought by some peo pla a proof of ability. Such individuals are like a pack of Chinese crackers thrown into a crown, continually exploding in every direction, but with greater noise than inju ry. There ia more ill breeding than wit in a sarcasm, and more ill-nature than either. True wit does not consist in abuse, but in profound wisdom, tersely espreased. Noth ing, therefore, can bo further from wit than sarcasm, and whore they go together, one is pressed into the service, and is not a legiti mate ally. Nevertheless, we know many, mostl) young persons, who set up for wits on the score of sarcasm. They are usually very conceited, or very foolish, or very unamiable individuals; and by no means the terror to others they imagine. Per.-ons of sense are no more affected by their sarcasms than mastiffs are by the yelp of a lap dog. A real wit never condescends to reply to them. We have known many such sarcastic per sons in our experience, and always found they cured themselves of this childish hab it as soon as they grew up, or if they did not, they remained children in the control of their tempers to the end of their career. It is a mean sort of revenge that seeks to gall another person's feelings by sarcasm. We frequently hear young persons at a party making sarcastic remarks on those who enter. There is here, perhaps, not so much ill will as ill breeding, not so much spleen tit others as a desire to display our selves. It is a sort of verbal harlequinisni cot up to raise a laugh. The would be wits in this case are like tbe monkey in a red coat at the menagerie, who rides the ring and plays bis antics to amuse children ra ther thau people of sense. When young gentlemen arc the actors, they are generally forward conceited slips of boys cultivating moustaches, and stretching themselves up in company to appear like men. But when young ladies are the offenders, they will frequently be found not very pretty, or not very amiable looking; and though they usually attract hearers, they make few fast friends, for every one ia fearful lest they should turn out shrews. We may be amus ed at seeing a crowd run from a chaser, but we have no fancy, to be .chased ourselves. One enjoys tbe fun of beholding others take up nettles, but be is very careful nut to touch the sting. Hence the wisdom of tbe common saying, that sarck"ic women are seldom married. Though willing enough to laugh at others, men do not care to be made butts themselves. Moreover, a long practice in this habit, gives a person in sensibly a splenetic mind, so that what was taken up to give test to conversation, is too apt to end in spoiling the temper. Tart ness wonld seem to be infectious. People grow soar and sarcastic together. REVOLUTIONARY ANECDOTE. It was a fine Sabbath morning, in tbe year 1777, that the inhabitants of a little parish iu tbe State of Vermont,, and on the borders of New Hampshire, assembled in tbeir accustomed place of wor-hip. The cares of that fearful and long-toberemem-bered summer has imprinted an unusual serious look upon the rough though not unpleasant countenances of the male mem bers of that little congregation. The rugged features relaxed, however, as they entered that hallowed place, aud felt the genial in fluence of a summer's sun, whose rays illu minated the sanctuary, and played upon tbe desk and upon the countcnauce of him who ministered there. He was a venerable man, and his whitened locks and toite'ring frame evinced that he had numbered three score and ten years. Opening the sacred volume the minister was about to commence the services of the morning, when a messenger almost breathless, rushed into the chuich exclaiming, 'The enemy are marching upon our Western counties!" The man looked around upon his congregation and announc ed his text : " lie that bath a garment let him sell it and buy a sword." After a few preliminary remarks, he added: ' Go up, my friends, I beseech you, to the help of your neighbors against tho mighty. Ad vance into the field of battle, for God will muster the host of war. Religion is too much interested in the success of this da) not to lend your influence. As for myself, age sits heavily upon me, and I cannot go with you; ueither have I representatives of my family to send. My daughters my daughters cannot draw the sword, nor han dle the musket in defence of their country, but they can use the boe so that when the toil-worn soldier returns from the field of battle ho may not suffer for the necessaries of life." The venerable pastor bowed his head in devotion. When he again looked around, his audience was gone. One iy one they had silently left the house of God, and ere the sun bad that day set, the male inhabitants of that little pariah, who were able to bear arms, were on their way to meet the enemies of their country on the field of Bennington. M0SE IN ELYSIUM. A letter from the Army of the Potomac has the following good thing : A few days ago two soldiers were sen tenced, for some trivial offence, to ten days in the guard house, but tbey were taken out occasionally to do police duty about camp. Doing police duty, you must know, is not in the army what it is in the city, consists in going about under guard and cleansing up the camp. These soldiers were put to cleaning away the mud from the front of the Colonel's quarters. They were from a New York city regiment, and, to judge from their dialect, might have been named Mose and Sykesy. At any rate I shall call them so in the recital. They had worked well, and finally seated themselves on a log to await the arrival of tbe sergeant of the guard to relieve them, when the following conversation took place: Mose Saay, Sykesy, what you gocn to do when yer three years is up ? Goin to be a vet ? Saay ? Sykesy Not if I know myself I aint. No ! I'm goin' to be a citizen, I am. I'm g iiu' back to New York and am goin' to lay off and take comfort, bum around the engine bouse, and run wid der machine. Mose Well, I tell yer what I'm a goin' to do. I've jest been thinking the matter all over, and got the whole thing fixed. In the first place, I'm goin' home to New York, and as soon as I get my discharge I'm goin' to take a good bath and get this Virginia sacred soil off me. Then I'm goin' to have my head shampood, my hair cut and combed forward and 'iled, and then I'm goin' to some up-town clothing store, and buy me a suit of togs. I'm a goin' to get a gallus suit too black breeches, red shirt, black silk choker; stove-pipe bat, with black bombazine around it, and a pair of them shiny leather butes. Then I'm goin' up to Deltuonico's place and am goin' to have all he has on bis dinner ticket, you bet. What ? No ! I guess I won't have to break my teeth off gnawing hard tack. After I have had my dinner, I will call for a bottle of wine and a cigar and all tbe New York papers, and then I'll just set down, perch my feet up on tbo table, drink my wine, smoke my cigar, read tbe news, and wonder why the Army of the Potomac don't move. " Putting your foot in if," it seems a term of legitimate origin. According to tbo "Asiatic Researches," a very curious mode of trying tbe title to land is practised in Hindoostan. Two holes are dug in the disputed spot, in each of which the lawyer on cither side put one of tbeir legs, and there remain till one of them is tired, or complains of being slung by insects in which case bis client is defeated. In our country it is generally the client, and not the lawyer, who " puts his foot in it." 1 At a fancy dress ball in Pari. France, recently, a lady was seen in a very low-necked dress, wide floating and waving an abundaace of green guaze. She was politely asked by a gentleman what aha per sonated. "The' sea; Monseiur." "At low tide, theC, adam." The lady Wusbed aad tbe geattaDiB smiled. FORT PILLOW TAKEN WOMEN AND CHIL DREN MASSACRED. Our worst fears are realized. What we anticipated yesterday, is true to-day. Our brave boys at Fort Pillow have been mur dered by Forrest and ht3 outlaws. Tbe 12th was tbe day of the assault. Forrest bad under htm some six thousand men. coon alter the attack commenced, be sent in a fltg of truce, demanding its surrender. Major Booth, with only six hundred men, refused. The fight was resumed, and continued for some time. Then came a parley and another flag of truce. Tbe demand of sur render was again refused. Fighting ;s again renewed and kept up until 3 P. M., when Major Booth fell. Then came anoth er assault, and the telegraph reports : When Major Booth was killed, the rebels followed up their last flag of truco iu swarms, overpowering their forces and com pelling tbeir surrender. Immediately upon tbe surrender ensued a scene which baffles description. Up to that time comparatively few of our men were killed, but insatiate as fiends, and blood-thirsty as devils incarnate, (he Confederates began an indiscriminate butchery of whites and blacks, and even those of both colors who were wounded. The black soldiers became demoralized and rushed to the rear of their white offi cers, and having all thrown down their arms, they were defenceless. Both white and colored were either bayonetted or sabred even the dead bodies wero horribly mutilated. Children of seven or eight years, and several negro women, were killed in cold blood. This all occurred after tbe surrender. Wounded soldiers, unable to speak, threw up their arms, were shot down, and their bodies in many instances rolled remorse lessly, down the high bank into the river. Dead and wcunded negroes were piled up in huts and burned. Several cttizons who had joined our forces for protection, were killed or wounded. When it came to collecting the survivors it was found that out of 600, all that could be found was about 200. The most of these were killed after the surrender. Among our dead commanding officers, are Captain Bradford, of the 13tb 'lennes see Cavalry ; Lieut. Barr, Lieut. J. C. Allerstonu, Lieut. Wilson, Lieut. Revel, and Major Booth. The following were taken prisoners : Lieut. D. N. Logan, 13th Tennessee Cav alry ; Captain John C. Young, 24th Mis souri, acring as Provost Marshal ; Captain J. R. Boston, 13th Tennessee Cavalry. Mnjor Bradford was captured, but it is said to have escaped. It is feared that he has been killed. The steamer Platte Valley came up at balf past three, was hailed by tbe rebels under a flag of truce, and men were sent ashore to bury tbe dead and bring on board such wounded as had not been killed. Fifty-seven were taken on, including eight colored men. Eight died on the passage. The steamer discharged her suffering cargo at Mound City Hospital. Of those known to be wounded in tbe 6th Regular Heavy Artillery are Lieut. Libberts, of company A, Capt. J. A. Porter, and Adj. Looting. Six guns wero taken by the rebels. A large lot of valuable stores were destroyed or carried away. The intention of the rebels seemed to be to evacuate Fort Pillow aud go on toward Memphis. DESERT OF SAHARA. In tlie Wilderness shall Waters brealc out. Perhaps no more hopeless enterprise could be undertaken than to attempt to reclaim the great Afiican desert of Sahara, where no rain ever falls, and there are but occa sional oases to give relief to tbe weary and fainting caravans that traverse it. Modern science, however, laughs at Eeeming impos sibilities. Skillful engineers in tbe French army iu Algiers proposed to sink Artesian wells at different points, with the strong confidence that thus water could be reached and forced to the surface. In 1860, five Artesiao wells had been opened, around which, as vegetation thrives luxuriantly, thirty thousand palm trees and one thous and fruit trees were planted, and two thriving villages established. At the depth of a little over five hundred feet, an under ground river or lake was struck, and from two of them live fish have been thrown np, showing that there was a large body of water underneath. Tbo French govern ment by this means hopes to make the route across the desert to Timbuctoo fertile and fit for travelers, and thus to bring the whole overland travel and commerce through Al geria, which will be one of tbe greatest feats of modern scientific enterprise. BA When Cornelius Vaoderbilt was a young man, bis mother gave bin $50 of her savings to buy a small sail-boaf, and be engaged in the business of transporting market gardening from fetaten Island to New York City. When the wind was not favorable he would work his way over the shoals by poshing the boat along by poles, putting his own shoulder to tbe pole, and was ? ery sure to get his freight into 'mar ket in season. This energy always gave him command of fall freights, and he accu mulated money. After a while he began to baild and ran steamboat; and he is bow reputed to be worth more than niaeteea millions of dollars, after making the Gov rameat a present, as a free gift, of a ttatwiip that eoat 1800,000 ! SOLDIERS AFTER THE WAR. Macaulay, in the portion of bis history relating to tbe state of English society at tbe close of the great Revolhtion, touches on a subject curiously paralied in our own times. Speaking of the fear that were then entertained as to the result of disband ing Cromwell's array, and throwing its un ruly elements back into society, be says : " The troops were now to be disbanded1. Fifty thousand men, accustomed to the pro fession of arms, were at once thrown on tbe world, and experience seemed to warrant the belief that this change would produce much misery and crime that the discharg ed veterans would be seen begging in every street, or would be driven by hunger to pillage. But no such result followed. In a few mouths there remained not a trace in dicating that the most formidable army in the world had just been absorbed into the mejfc of tbe community. The royalists themselves confessed that, in every depart ment of honest industry, tbe discarded war riors prospered beyond other men ; that nono wis charged with any theft or robbery; that none was heard tonsk alms ; and that, if a baker, a mason or a wagoner attracted uotice by his dilgence and sobriety, be was, in all probability, one of Oliver's old sol diers." Precisely tbe same gloomy prognostica tions in regard to our own armies used t be rife, and are still indulged in by an oc casional foreign or domestic Maworni. But they will be just as much and as happily disappointed as were the apprehensions re gatding Cromwell's men; fur not only are (he same causes operative with us, to work the quiet absorption of the military elc inetits into the body politic, but there are new and peculiar influences making in the same direction. THREE NEW STATES. Do our readers realize that tbe coming anniversary of our Independence is to wit ness tbe reception into the Union of three new States? It is oven so. A writer in the Chicago Journal says: On and after the 4tb day of next July, three new Stars are to be added to tbe Flag of the Union Colorado, Nebraska and Ne vada having been received into tbe sister, hood of States. JQuder V ancient regime, the admission of a new State was attended with great and prolonged political agonies, and a Free State could not be received un less accompanied by one which had slavery. Yet those three new-comers were not kept many hours in tbe House before tbe "ena bling act," which opens tbe national portals to them, wa3 passed, and a proposition to strike out tbe anti-slavery proviso was de feated by a vote of 87 to 18 ! Could there be any better evidence of the utter "demor alization " of the once potent Democratic party, than is shown by this demonstration that onty eighteen members of the House of Representatives thought that the new States should not be insured against slave ry ? What an advance from tbe days of that bitter conflict which was commenced prior to the admission of Maioo and Mis souri, and i now being terminated on bloody battle fields ! --- m Toe Power op Silence. A good wo man in New Jersey was sadly annoyed by a termagant neighbor who often visited her and provoked a quarrel. She at last sought the counsel of her pastor, who added sound common eenso to bis other good qualities. Having heard tbe story of her wrongs, he advised her to seat herself quietly in the chimney corner, when next visited, take the tongs in bands, look steadily into tbe fire, and whenever a harsh word came from ner neighbor's lips, gently snap the tongs with out uttering a word. A day or two after wards the woman came again to her pastor with a bright and smiling face, to commu nicate tho effect of tbis new antidote for .scolding. Her troubler bad visited her, and as usual, commenced her tirade. Snap went the tongs. Another volley. Snap. Another still. Snap. " Why don't you speak ?" said tbe termagant, more enraged. Snap. " Do speak ; I shall split if you don't," and away she went, cured of her malady by the ungic of silence. It is hard woik fighting a Quaker. It is poor work scolding a deaf man, it is profitless beating the air. One-sided controyersies do not last long, and generally end in victory to the silent party. Squire 0 , in his old age, took to himself a young and enterprising wife, who, immediately after being installed an mistress of the household, set herself to accomplish ,he Herculean task of "putting things to rights." Old CJ was absent daring the scouring process, and on bis re turn, judge of his dismay upon discovering that bis lovely reformer bad erased from the wall, all his " book accounts," where they bad bea ciphered for years past. Her pride at her achievemeat was, therefore, dampened by his exclamation that she had ruined him, for those were his charges against bis customers. She encouraged him however, to attempt to commit them to the wall from his memory. After his long and laborious iask was completed, evideutly with great satisfaction to himself, she veu tared timidly to ask him if be thoaght be had got them all dowa. He replied, verj slowly and deliberately. " No, I don't think I have oaita all : bat thea I thiak I got ttea agaiist betur folks T SCHUYLKR COLFAX. Tho Washington correspondent of tha New York Independent gives the following interesting sketch of the present Spealcr uf the House of Representatives: Mr Colfax is about forty years of agt and wa.-, born in the city of New Yoik. His grandfather, Gen. William Colfax, of New Jersey, commanded Washington' Life Guards through tbe Revolutionary War, and was as intimate companion of .the Fa ther of bis Country during the closing ypvrs of the war. silting daily at his table. Mta Colfax, whosa pleasint face and roanneti are familiar to all who have fn queued the Colfax receptions this winter, frequently wears a begemmed belt buckle, worn by Washington during the Revolution, and pre sented by him to .Mr. Colfux's grandfather. After tho war was over. Gen. Collax mar ried Miss Hester Schuyler, ooiimii of Gen. Phillip Schuyler, and from this source comes the given name of Schuyler. In lb 12 Gen. Colfax commanded at Sandy Hook, and bad the rank uf Hrigudier Gen eral. Schuyler Colfax's father was teller in the Mechanic's Bmk of New York at the age of thirty, aud about that time mar ried the present Mrs. Mathews, who was but fifteen years old. Four months after the death of his father, Schuyler Colfax was born, inheriting nothing from his father but his name. He obtained all his educa tion in the common schools of New Yoik and tbe high school then kept iu Crosby street. At ten years he left school alto gether, and at thirteen emigrated to Indi- ina, with bis mother and her second hus band, Mr. Mathews, who are now a part of I'Ir. Lolfax s family in Washington. Mr. Colfax has lived in but two counties the county of New York, and St. Joseph county. Indiana. At twenty-one he established the Register, at South Bend, which ho Mill publishes. At the end of the first year he was $1,375 in debt, but in a few years it becauie a productive property aud then was burned out, with but little insurance. Mr. Colfax began anew, and was more suc cessful. His political course i.s known to all and I need not refer to it here. When first uominated to the State Senate of Indi ana, he declined, because he could not afford to leave his business. Mr. Colfax was nev er a plaintiff or defendant in a court of jus tice, never drank liquor or wine, but is aa excessive.smoker. He has banished liquor from the House wing of the Capitol, ia spite of many protests against it. Sinoa the war broke out he has given, though a poor man, nearly $3,000 to sick and woun ded soldiers, aad to encourage volunteering. "Mr. Colfax has a tdigbt figure, gray eyes and brown hair, and though he has been iu Congress many years, he still looks yougn. Ills district lias already intiuiateu to bim that they will uut permit htm to re tire at the close of the present Congress." CHANGES WROUGHT BY THE WAR. In "Cudjo's Cavrt," a war novel by J.T. Trowbridge, well known as a contributor to the Atlantic Monthly, we find the following paragraph : "How many a beloved 'good for-anthing' bns gone from our streets and G resides, to reappear in a virion of glory ! The school fellows not their comrades ; the mother knows not her own son. The stripling, whoso outgoing and incoming were so fa miliar to us impulsive, fun loving, a little vain, a little selfi-h, apt to be cross when supper was not read, apt to come late and make you cross when 6upper was ready and waiting who ever guessed what nobleness ' was in him f His country called, and he rose up a patriot. The fatigues of marches, tbe hardships of camp and bivouac, tba hard fare, the injustice that must be sub mitted to, all the terrible trials of the body's strength and the fcoul's patient endurance these be bore with the superb buoyancy of spirit that denotes the here. Who was it that caught up the colors and rushed for ward with theui into the thick of the ban?, after the fifth man who had attempted it had been shot down 7 Not the village loafer, who used to go about tbe streets dressed so shabbily ? Yes, the name, lie fell, covered with wounds and glory. The rusty and seemingly useless instrument we saw hang so long idle on the walls of socie ty, none dreauied to be a trumpet of s nor ous note nntil tbe soul came and blew a blast. And what has become of that white-gloved, perfumed, handsome cousin of yours, devoted to his pleasures, weary evea of those to whom life, with all its luxur ies, had become a bore ? He fell on the trenches at Wagner. " He bad distinguished himself by his daring, his hardihood, hit fiery love of lib erty. When the nation's alarm bat, his manhood stood erect ; be shook himself; all his past frivolities were no more ibia dost to the mane of this young lion. The) war baa developed th lateral heroins, iaotar young men, and taught as what is humani ty in oar fellow is ia oarselves. Becaata it has called iato actual I tbis genermdtj aad courage, if for no oTfler cause, let aa forgive its cruelty, though the chair of the beloved one be .vacant, the bed unsjppt in, and the band cold that penned the letters ia that sacred drawer, which eaaaot evea tsoir fca opened without grief." J0 Aa avarieioas man "eat Wrst" it said to make a practise of-alwaya tiding ia :be last seat of a railway traki, la save tba interest en his fare aatil the seaJaaiac gats 'round to kits.