Newspaper Page Text
THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLIClN UNION.
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION,"
JUNCTION CITY, KANSAS, SATUEDAY, JULY 23, 1S64.
Smofej gill anJrgtpn6fn nion,
PUBLISHED ETEET SVTCRDAT MORNIXG AT
JUNCTION, DAVIS Co., KANSAS.
W. K. BARTLETT. S. M. STRICKLER,
WM. S. BLAKELT, - - - GEO. W. MARTIN,
Editor and Publishers.
OFFICE IN LAND OFFICE BUILDING.
TEBMS OF faUBSCRIPTIOX :
One copy, ono year, - $2.00
Ten copies, one year, .... 15.00
Payment required in nil cases in advance.
All papers discontinued at the expiration of the
time for which payment is received.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING '.
One square, first insertion, - - $1.00
Each subsequentrinsertion, 50
Ten lines or less being a square.
Yearly advertisements inserted on liberal terms.
done -with dispatch, and in the latest style of
O Payment required for all Job Work oh.
Few men have stepped from the Btage of
action to too unknown realities of eternity,
whose departure will create so profound a
sensation among the citizens of the United
States as that of the subject of this sketch,
who died in Quincy, Mass., on the evening
of July 2d, at the ripe old age of ninety
Josiah Quincy was born at Boston, on
tho 4th day of February, 1772. Edward
Quincy, the emigrating ancestor of the
family, came to Boston with the Bev. John
Cotton in September, 1663. Josiah was
fifth in descent from him. The father of
Josiah was a lawyer and orator of consid
erable fame of the years immediataly pre
ceding the Bevolution. He died at sea, off
Gloucester, Mass., April 26, 1775, leaving
the subject of this notice at the ago of
three years, to the care of his mother, who
was the daughter of Wm. Phillips, an
eminent merchant or isoston, whose iin
inenso fortune i3 still in possession of the
representatives of the family. She placed
her son in Phillips Academy, Andover,
Mass., where he received an early educa
tion, finally graduating at Harvard College,
in 1790. From the tender age of six, till
he graduated with the highest honors at the
ago of eighteen, he was constantly engaged
in his studies. He entered tho law office
of Judge William Tudor, of Boston. As
rjoon as he attained the age of twenty-one
lie was admitted to tho bar, and began the
practice of the law.
At that time the people of the country
had just began to organize themselves into
parties, tho adoption of tha Constitution of
the United States, aud the coutagion of the
French Bevolution producing a fermenta
tion in political circles which soon crystal
ized into parties. The two great, and, we
may add, natural divisions were Democrats
(or Bepublicans) and Federalists. Mr.
Quincy joined the latter party at its birth
and was truo in his allegiance to it so long
as it existed. At the age of 27 he was a
candidato for Congress, but was defeated in
that year and twice afterwards by tho dem
ocratic candidate. In 1S05 he was elected
aud served eight years. During all those
years the federal party was in a hopeless
minority. He was one of the most prom
ising young men of his day, and was flat
tered and courted by the Democrats, but he
cast his lot with their opponents and re
mained true to the end. During the ad
ministrations of Jefferson, and Madison, no
man gave them so much trouble and dis
quiet as Josiah Quincy. He was very
ready in debate, and in earnestness and
fervor of speech, quickness of wit, keeness
of satire, and the most thorough personal
intrepedity, no man could match him, and
all feared to court with him a parliamentary
encounter. He denounced the war of 1812,
fee embargo, and the erection of tho Or
leans territory into a State. He was one of
the first men in the North to denounce the
slaveholding interest as a rising and dan
gerous tyrranny. In 1813 he declined a
re-election and returned to priyate life.
He was soon chosen to the Senate of Mas
sachusetts, where he distinguished himself
by his opposition to the measures of the
administration. He joined in tho protest
of the Legislature against the war, and the
admission of Louisiana, and reported the
famous resolution, occassioned by a propos
ed vote of thanks to Capt. Lawrence, to the
effect that " in a war waged without justi
fiable cause, and for conquest and ambition,
it was not becoming a moral and religions
people to express approbation of exploits
cot immediately connected with the defence
of the seacoast and harbor."
Ho remained in the Senate till 1821
when he was dropped by the federal politi
cians under the impression that bis uncom
promising course had weakened his popu
larity. As usual, the politicians were mis
taken, for he was immediately elected to
the office of representative, was elected
epeaker, and held that position while in the
house. Ho soon resigned to take the posi
tion of Judge of the Municipal Court of
&oston. Lawyers will remember him as
the Judge who first laid down the law of
libel, in the case of the pioneer publisher,
John N. Maffitt, that the publication of the
truth with a good intention and for a justi
fiable end, is not libellous. This ruling
excited great discussion and uraoh censure,
but is now the acknowledged rule of law
in this country and England. In 1823 he
was the second Mayor of the city of Bos
ton. In June, 1829, he was inaugurated
President of Harvard University, which
position he filled with honor and distinction
till 1845. His resignation created uni
versal regret among all the students and
friends of the college.
From that time he lived a strictly private
life till the year 1856, when he took a very
active part in the canvass for John C. Fre
mont. Though in his eighty-fifth year he
did much toward influencing public opinion
against the slave power, as represented in
the person of James Buchanan. He made
several speeches in Congress and on public
occasion, which have been published, and
was tha author of seven or eight works of
more than ordinary merit.
Mr. Quincy is deseribed as a man of more
than ordinary personal beauty, which did
not forsake him in his pld age. In his
Congressional days, he was a fluent, fiery
orator, but in his old age he spoke with
great deliberation and distinctness. When
the slaveholder's war against the country
began, he declared that he felt that now we
should be a great and happy nation of
which he had never felt sure before. He
remained in- possession of his faculties
almost to the close of his earthly career,
and fell asleep as only good men die. Thus,
one by one, are the old landmarks of the
nation being called in.
AN UNNATURAL MOTHER.
The maintenance of military fidelity and
discipline seemed to the late Emperor of
Bussia an object for which all human ties
should be sacrificed. In March, 1837, a
woman named Maria Nikoforocona, the
widow of a peasant, received a letter from
her son Novik, a soldier in the stationary
army of Tambow. In this letter the son
stated that the barbarous treatment which
he and others endured at the hands of regi
mental officers had driven him to the reso
lution of deserting from a sorvico into
which he had been forced from the first,
and that, in a few days from the date of his
communication, ho hoped to sec and cm
brace his mother.
The first thing none by the woman, on
receipt of this letter, was to carry it to the
Governor of the province, who, astonished
at the unnatural character of the action,
sent the woman awaywithout taking any
steps 'a consequence of her"' disclosure.
Some days later, the deserter anived at the
dwelling of his mother, who received him
with open arms aud loaded him with car
esses. But ahc took an opportunity imme
diately afterward? to go to the police officers
to whom she delivered up the child to
whom she bad given birth.
Compelled by duty, the governor ad
dressed a detailed report of the case to the
emperor. Nicholas viewed the case differ
ently from the governor. The autocrat
issued an ukase, decreeing a silver medal to
Maria Nikoforocona, with the words, " De
votion to the Throne," engraved upon it.
This medal was to be suspended from her
neck by the ribbon of the Order of St.
Anne, and she was further secured for the
rest of her life against the chances of want.
It was, moreover, decreed that the circum
stances of the case should be published in
all the journals of the empire, that his sub
jects might imitate this example of fidelity
to the crown.
The young soldier, in accordance with
tho military regulations of Bussia, was
subjected to the knout, and died under the
blows! The unnatural parent wears the
decoration assigned her with as much pride
as if she had won it by the most virtuous
B&, Cluscret, the Frenchman and ex
General, who edits the New Nation, (Fre
mont's organ in New York), says he left
the army because
" Disaster was inevitable. My warning
and expostulations were disregarded. I
was unwilling to accept any responsibility."
This is a sad confession, but here is a
sadder one. The New Nation is of the
opinion that Lieutenant-General Grant is
lamentably inferior to ex-General Cluserct,
"Grant should have avoided plans of
campaign in which the assault of fortified
positions plays the principal role" because
such assault demand " the fury of the
French or the rash of which Southern Hood
alone is capable."
No wonder that Mr. Cluseret found that
" disaster was inevitable," and was there
fore compelled to resign Northern soldiers
hadn't " the fury of the French or the rush
of the" rebels. Mr. Cluseret edits the
organ of Mr. Fremont, the " Faultfinder."
Jof Governor Connely, of New Mexico,
recently requested the citizens of that Ter
ritory to observe a day of thanksgiving in
view of the termination of the war with the
Yavjo Indians. Ho stated in his procla
mation that, with but slight intermissions,
the wars with that people have existed 180
Hon. James T. Bradv. a distin
guished Democratic lawyer and politician
of New York city, in a late speech said :
" Much has been said, too, about usur
pation of powers; but where in history will
you find a war against rebellion conducted
wish such moderation ?"
This is rather different from the average
" Democratic " outerv.
INGRATITUDE TO PARENTS.
There was once a father who gave up
everything to his children his house, his
fields, his goods and expected that for this
his children would support him. But after
he had been some time with his son, the
latter grew tired of him, and said to him :
Father, I have had a son born to me
this night, and there, where your arm cUair
stands, the cradle must come. Will you
not, perhaps, go to my brother, who has a
larger room ?"
After he had been some time with his
second son, he also grew tired of him and
Father, you like- a warm room, and
that hurts my head. Won't you go to my
brother, the baker ?"
The father went, and after ho had been
some time with the third son, he also found
him troublesome and said to bim :
" Father, the people run in and out here
all day, as if it were a pigeon-house, and
you cannot have your noon-day sleep.
Would you not be better off at my sister
Kate's, near the town wall ?"
The old man remarked now the wind
blew, and said to himself: ,c Yes, I will
do so ; I will go and try it with my daugh
ter. Women have softer hearts." But
after he bad spent some time with his
daughter, she grwv weary of him, and said
she was always so fearful when her father
went to church, or anywhere else, and was
obliged to descend the steep stairs, and at
her sister Elizabeth's there were no stairs
to descend, as she lived on the ground floor.
For the sake of peace the old man went
to his other daughter. But after some
time she too was tired of him, and told him,
by a third person, that her house near the
water was too damp for a man who suffered
from the gout, and her sister, the grave
digger's wife, at St. John's, had much drier
lodgings. The old man himself thought
she was right, and went outside the gate to
his youngest daughter, Helen. But after
he had been three days with her, her little
son said to his grandfather:
" Mother said yesterday to cousin Eliza
beth that there was no better chamber for
you than such a one as father digs."
These words broke the old man's heart,
so he sank back in his chair, and died.
A PEN-AND-INK SKETCH.
Dr. Breckenridge disappointed me. Your
ideal Kentuckian of one of the old families
is of imposing presence tall, broad shoul
ders, large headed, round faced a man of
physical power as well as mental. But this
Dr. Rrcckenridge, whose name has been in
mens moulds torty years, whose tame is
wide as the bounds of the church in which
lie was such a champion, whose clear head
and eloquent tongue have done so much in
saving Kentucky from drifting into rebel
lion, who ruled that great Baltimore Con
vantion as if it bad been but a church meet
ing, who swayed it with his strong words
as reeds are swayed by the wind this Dr.
Breckenridge is but a small man, say five
feet nine in height, and of one hundred and
Gfly-fivc pounds weight in his prime. Trim,
compact, alive in every square inch, with
small hands, narrow facs, low forehead pro
jecting far over the eyes, hollow and hairy
cheeks, iron-grey beard banging on bis
breast and snowy white at the end, short
and white and bristly moustache, long and
bushy gray eyebrows, dark and sunken
eyes, naming oat trora the sides ot his
spectacles, resolute mouth, you guess from
the line of bis lips, nose broad in the nostrils
and slightly raised in the bridge and sharp
ish in the end, with an abundance of semi
gray hair, ramblingly parted a little to the
left of the middle and falling irregularly on
his forehead. Always ready, untiring, fer
tile in expedience, loving a front to front
encounter, too watchful to be flanked, quick
to see an enemy's weakness, magnanimous
to the last degree, vigilant, canny, having
mnch tact, slow to comprehend a defeat,
self-reliant; that is the picture of the man
as he stood there yesterday.
A Cure fob Scandal. Take of good
nature one ounce ; of an herb called by the
Indians " mind-your-own-business," one
ounce; mix with a little charity-for-others,
and two or three sprigs of " keep-your-tongue-between-your
teeth ;" simmer them
together in a vessel called circumspection,
for a short time, and it will be fit for use.
Application the symptom is a violent
itching in the tongue and roof of the mouth
which invariably takes place when you are
in company with a species of animals called
gossips. YV hen you feel a fit of the disor
der coming on, take a teaspoon ful of. the
mixture, bold it in your mouth, which you
will keep closely shut till you get home,
and you will find a complete cure. Should
you apprehend a relapse, keep a small
bottle foil about you, and repeat the dose
on tho slightest symptom.
Some time 6ince a man in Maine
wanted to exhibit an Egyptian mummy,
and went to the court house for a license.
" What is it?" asked the judge.
" An Eygptian munwny, may it please
the court ; more than three thousand years
old !" said the showman,
" Three thousand years old 1" exclaimed
the judge, jumping to his feet. " and is the
critter alive ?"
tt" A Frenoh writer savs : " Sorrow is
fruit ; God does not let it grow on a branch
too weak to bear it."
At the late anniversary of the British
and Foreign Anti-slavery Society, the Chev
alier de Almeida Portugal mado some in
teresting statements concerning the state of
slavery in Jhe empire of Brazil. He said
the Brazilians were anxious to see slavery
extinguished from their shores, and would
embrace every opportunity and use every
means in their power to this end. The
government had been sincerely desirous of
putting an end to the slave trade, and its
cruisers had effectually abolished it. He
said that slavery in Brazil never separated
man and wife, as is done in America.
While the slaves were not exactly their
own masters, yet they had great liberties,
and their comforts were, to some extent,
studied. They were allowed to work in
their own time in order to raise capital
which they could put to their own uses,
and the master was quite willing to give
them their freedom for a small trifle, and
by so doing they brought to tho slave the
wish of working and employment of time.
And as to education and the like, there
were no distinctions of color ; but if slaves
became educated, they might rise. He
knew a colored man in the naval de
partment of Brazil, who rose himself up
to the head of the medical department.
This showed that freedom was one of the
first elements of that constitution of Brazil,
and, under such banners, no one could be
lieve that they wish to keep on slavery,
which was against the heart of any one
who was at all actuated by the principles of
religion. There are three million slaves in
that country, and tho parliament is already
occupied with the consideration of measures
increasing the priviiiges of the slayes, look
ing to emancipation as early as the inter
ests of tbe country will, allow. N. Y. In
dependent. NEVER TOO OLD TO LEARN.
Socrates, at an extremo age, learned to
play on musical instruments, for the pur
pose of resisting tbe influences of old age.
Cato, at eighty years of ago, began to
learn the Greek language.
Plutarch, when between seventy and
eighty, commenced the study of Latin.
Boccaccio was thirty years of age when
be commenced his studies in polite litera
ture, yet he becamo one of the three great
masters of thotuscan dialect, Dante and
Petrarch being the other two.
Sir Henry Spelman neglected the sciences
in his youth, but commeuced the study of
them when he was between fifty and sixty
years of age. After this time he became a
most learned antiquarian and lawyer.
Colbert, the famous trench minister,
at sixty years of age returned to his Latin
and law studies,
Ludovico, at the great age of oue hun
dred and fifteen, wrote the memoirs of his
own times. A singular exertion, noticed
by Voltaire, who was himself one of the
most remarkable instances of the progress
ago may make in new studies.
Ogilby, the translator of Homer and
Yirgil, was unacquainted with Latin and
Greek till he was past fifty.
Franklin did not fully commence his
philosophical pursuits till he bad reached
his fiftieth year.
Acco'rso, a great lawyer, being asked why
he began the study of law so late, answered
that indeed he began it late, but he should
therefore master it the sooner.
Dry den, in his sixty-eighth year, com
menced the translation of the " Iliad ;"
and his most pleasing productions were
written in his old age.
YOUR BABIES NOT MY BABIES.
About thirty years ago there resided in
the town of Hebron a certain Dr. Thorton,
who became very much enamored of a
young lady, a resident of the same town.
The Doctor was a strong decided Presby
terian, and bis lady love was a strong and
decided Baptist They were bitting to
gether one evening, talking of their ap
proaching nuptial, when the Doctor re
marked: " I am thinking, my dear, of two events,
which I shall number amongst tho happiest
of my life."
" And pray, what may they be, Doctor,"
remarked the lady.
"One is the hour when I shall call you
my wife for the first time.!'
"And the other?"
"It is when we shall present our first
born for baptism."
"What I sprinkled?"
" Yes, my dear, sprinkled?'
" Never shall a child of mine be sprink
led. They shall be, hey !"
" Yes, my love.''
"Well, sir, I can tell you, then, that
your babies won't be my. babies. So good
night, Doctor." The lady left the room
and the doctor left the house: The sequel
was that the doctor never married and tbe
lady died an old maid.
BQU The Louisville Journal, commea ting
on the fact that a number of Cincinnati
young ladies have been married and carried
away to other places, says no city has a
better claim to supply spare ribs fo; the
"Mother," said Ike Partington,
"did you know that the "iron horse had
but one ear?" "One car! merciful gra
cious child, what do yon mean ?" " Why,
the engine-eer, of cource."
THE CHILDREN OF ARNOLD THE TRAITOR.
Mrs. Arnold, the wife of Benedict Ar
nold, died in London, in 1804, in her
fort -fourth year. Qf her children, Mr.
Sabine, in his new edition of "Tbe Ameri
can Loyalists," which will' soon bo publish
ed, has collected the following account :
" Mrs. Arnold was the mother of four
sons and one daughter, namely : Edwin
Shippen, who was a lieutenant in the Ben
gal cavalry and paymaster of Mattra, and
who died in Iudia in 1818 ; James Bobort
son, of whom presently; George, who was
a lieutenant-colonel in the Bengal cavalry,
and who died in India in 1828; William
Fitcb, who, a magistrate in the county of
Bucks, England, and late a captain in the
Lancers, married tho only daughter of Cap
tain Ruddach of the Iloyal Navy, and who,
the father of six children, was living in
1855 ; and Sophia Matilda, tho wife of
Colonel Pownal Phipps, of the East India
Company service, who was also living etght
years ago. and the mother of one son and
" A word in conclusion, of tho most dis
tinguished son. James Bobertson Arnold
entered the .corps of Boyal Engineers in
1708. ne served two years at Bermuda,
and from 1818 to 1S2S commanded the
Engineers in Nova Scotia and New Bruns
wick. After tho accession of William IV.
he was one of His Majesty's aid?. While
in the provinces just named he visited his
father's house King street, St. John
and, as I have been told, threw himself into
a chair and wept like a child. He express
ed a wish to sec his mother's family in the
United States; but added, 'I suppose I
should be insulted on account of my fa
ther,' &c. A gentleman who was in ser
vice with bim, and an intimate acquaintance,
speaks of him in terms of high commenda
tion ; and relates that ho was a small man,
with eyes of remarkable sharpness, and in
features thought to resemble bis father.
His wife was Virginia, daughter of Bartlett
Goodrich, of the Isle of Wright. In 1S41
he was transferred from the Engineers, and
appointed a Major General, and a Knight
of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order. He
died in London, December, 1852.
A HEAVY WAGER.
The San Francisco Alia Califomian
gives the following account of a strangely
constituted wager. About ten months
since, two gentlemen of that city agreed to
the followiug conditions :
If the Fedoral forces did not capture
Richmond within thirty days from that
date, he was to give his opponent a single
sound eatable apple; if Bichmond hold out
sixty days he was to give him two apples,
and doubling tho number for each month
until Richmond was taken to the end of
time if that event did not occur before.
Nine months have passed since the first
apple was handed over, and the list of
apples delivered at the end of the successive
months is as follows : 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32,
64, 128, 256 total, 511. Thus far, it is
all a good joke, and the loser has paid for
feits regularly, with a good grace, but yes
terday it ruined a ten dollar piefle to meet
the demand (apples are fifteen to twenty
cents per pounds, and it took a fifty pound
box.) Should Bichmond be taken within
the present month, he would got back all
the apples he has Jost and one more, which,
the price will then be at the highest notch,
would make him more than even ; but
should it bold out a year longer, and he
continue to pay his losses, his last payment
would cost him 10,960, and he would be
$81,900 out; in three months more he
would be out $686,340 ; and, should tho
war last from this date as much longer as
it has already lasted since its commencemelt
no nation on earth could begin to meet the
terms of the wager, even allowing it to be
reduced to a cash' basis, and the payments
to be made in greenbacks.
fiST Let it be passed around from hand
to hand, until. every workingman in the
lanp has committed it memory, that when
Abraham Lincoln, our President, and
Andrew Johnson, formerly Senator, and
now Governor, two workingmen and cham
pions of labor, were nominated for office,
the organ of the Democracy sneered at
them as " rail-splitting buffoon, and a boor
ish tailor, both from the backwoods, both
growing vp in uncouth ignorance." Thus
we see that when laboring men by their
own industry rise to honor, these new
fledged Democrats have no name for them
but words of contempt and scorn. Phila
m m m
Increase op Bats. The Farmer's Ga
zette asserts and proves by figures that one
pair of rats will have a progeny and de
scendants amounting to no less than 651,050
in three years. Now, unless this immense
family can be kept down, they would then
consume more food than would sustain
65,000 human beings. It will be far wiser
in tbe farmer to turn his attention to the
destruction of rats than of small birds.
Befued to Elope. Love-smitten mai
dens imagine, if you can, the feelings of a
young lady of Wheeling, Va., who, having
Deen locKea up to keep her away from a
soldier lover, managed in the night to let
herself down from her third story window,
elude the vigilance of her guardians, and
join him for whoa sho was " pining away
in aohtary confinement, but the great calf
refused to elopa witc ber I
The New York Independent, one of the
oldest and most influential radical anti
slavery papers in the Union, in replying to
an article from Wendell Phillips, thus al
ludes to the recent Fremont ratification
meeting in Cooper Institute, at which John
Cochrane said Fremont and MuClellan were
"twin cherries on one stem;" and Orestes
Brownson said ho would vote for Vallan
digham for President in preference to Mr.
Lincoln; and N. C Claiborne (a sweet
chap, Claiborne, for loyal Missourjans to
associate with politically,) grew eloquent
over the wrongs Mr. Lincoln had inflicted
upon tbe rebels of 31isouri. The Inde
pendent says :
" To our remark of last week, that he
knew only half the intent of the Cleveland
movement, aud that if he knew the other
half he would withdraw his suppoit, he
replies that we told him nothing new. Wo
propose now to tell him something new.
Ono of his best frieuds in this city a no
ble and unspotted lawyer addressed to us
a few days ago theso words: " The Fre
mont meetings in my district are held in
the same grog-shop out of which, last sum
mer, issued the rioters who set firo to my
house; the audiences are the same persons;
and the speakers arc well-known Copper
heads !" Is Mr. Phillip willing to stay
joined to this gang? At the great Fre
mont ratification meeting at Cooper Insti
tute, on Monday night, where Mr. Phillips
was advertised to speak, (and where conse
quently wc were present to hear), the chief
demonstrations were boisterous cheers for
McClellan 1 Would Mr. Phillips, had ho
been present, been pleased with tho sound ?
Dr. Brownson, ono of the speakers, said
that for President he would prefer Vallan
digham, Horatio Seymour, or Fernando
Wood to Mr. Lincoln ! Will Mr. Phillips
say amen. Mr. Claiborne, of Missouri, an
other speaker one of the delegates to
Chicago ! said, " Give us a man who is
not obnoxious to the &outh, so that we can
form a bridge on which they can couaa
back !" Will Mr. Phillips walk that road
to a compromise 1 John Cochrane, candi
date for the Vice Presidency, speaking at
tho samo meeting, alluded with pleasure to
the equal cheers for Fremont and McClel
lan, and said that these men were " twin
cherries on one stem !" Is Mr. Phillips
content to hang in their company as a third
on the same stem ? In the outsido meet
ing, Mr. Bryce, a speaker, said, " I tako
occasion to pay a dcseived tribute to George
B. McClellan. rCheers.T I like to hear
you cheer for him. If Fremont is elected,
he will do McClellan justice. I know Fre
mont from boyhood. Cheer for McClellan;
it is your privilege ; cheer for any man
except the 'imbecile who now fills the Pres
idential chair." Tremendous groans for
Lincoln. Mr, Phillips has promised that,
if the Cleveland movement " committed
folly, ha would rebuke and desert it."
Was not Moudaj' night folly enough ?
We were told at the meeting, by a sa
gacious man who knew its secrets, that tho
Democratic leaders were using the Cleve
land movement simply ns n sharp-edged
tool for wounding the Union party. We
were told the same thing the next day by a
Copperhead journalist. As for ourselves,
we knew this before we were told. But
Mr. Phillips refuses to know it after being
A SCRAP OF HISTORY,
Persons who respect and honor tho pat
riotism of Abraham Lincoln arc often sur
prised at the wicked attacks of tho opposi
tion papers ; but the record of history shows
that no honesty of purpose, or purity of
character, no personal sacrifices or devotion,
to the country, can screen the President
from tbe calumny of unscrupulous politi
cians. Ihe following extract from the
Aurora newspaper, after the departure of
Washington from Philadelphia, at the close
of his term of office, is a specimen :
"The man who is tbe source of all tho
misfortunes of our country, is this day re
duced to a level with his fellow-citizens,
and is no longerposses3ed of power to mul
tiply evils upoD the United States. If ever
there was a period for rejoicing, this is the
moment. Every heart in union with tbe
freedom and happiness of the people, ought
to beat high with exultation that the name
of Washington, from Ibis day, ceases to
give currency to political iniquity. and
" Public measures must now stand upon
their own merits, and nefarious projects
can no longer be supported by a name. It
is a subject of the greatest astonishment
that a single individual should have carried
his designs against the public so far as to
have put in jeopardy its very existence.
Such, however, are tbe facts, and these
staring us in the face, this day ought to be.
a jubilee in the United States." American
Statesman, p. 156.
Pin Money. Before the invention of
pins, in 1543, ladies used to fasten their
dresses with skewers, madft of wood, bona,
and ivory. At first pins were considered av
great luxury, and not fit for common .
The maker was not allowed to sell theM)
in an open shop, except on two days in tha
year, at the begiuning of January. At this
time, husbands gave their wiveV Money to
buy a few pint. Thus Money allowed to a
wife for her own private axpeasei is still
..-f.V.,.';r .roi.-.ir tttwft