Newspaper Page Text
THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
V ' zzxi. WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY TUAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION," f Volume IU. JTJjSTCTIOiSr CITY, KA.NSA.S, SATURDAY, ISTOVEjMBER 19, I860:. Nximbel: 50- U PUBLISHED EVERT 8ATEUDAV HORNING AT JUNCTION, DAVIS Co., KANSAS. ft'if . S. BLAKELY, - - - GEO. W. MARTIN", Editors and Publishers. orricE in land office building. - r TKR1IS OF fcUBSCRIFTlON : One cony, one year. - - - $2.00 Ten comes, one year, .... 15.00 Payment required in all-cases in advance. All papers discontinued at the expiration of the time for v,hieh payment is received. TERMS OK ADVJvRTIblMG : On equare, fint insertion, - - $1.00 Ladi subsequent insertion, 50 Ten lines or less being a square. yarly advertisements inserted on liberal terms. job"woek .lone with dispatch, and in the latest style o the art. 3Cr" Payment required for all Job Work on '.eliverv. WHERE PETROLEUM COMES FROM. DIE LOWEL9 OF Till: EARTH SCIENTIFICALLY IVKKIIU'LEI) VARIOUS I'SKS OF PETROLEUM. The subject of explaining the phenomena of the production of petroleum has attracted the attention of scientific and practical men ver since its discovery aiid adaptation to the uses of soeiety. Several theories have been advanced, but the most reasonable which we have remarked, and which has been fortified by personal investigation in the oil regiou of Pennsylvania, may be as certained from the following summary of the views of the most enlightened investi gators in the mysteries of this wonderful production of the earth : It Eeerus certain that the principal sup plies of petroleum nrc not diffused between the planes of stratification, but arc collected in cuvitics more or less sunken in the strata, whence it is less liable to be carried liway by running water. It is common to find large quantities in places where there are .-narks of disturbance and misplacement of the rocks, and those who have professionally 'prospected for oil" nearly always select t-tieh bpo's for linking shafts or wells. Those cavities are not unusually of great hurieoutal extett. It is seldom that two neighboring wells strike oil at the same depth, whether the strata' be horizontal ot dipping. It is one chance out of many to :rikc oil at all, even in neighborhoods whore it exists in abundance except in rtain localities iu the Oil Creek region, where the average chances of striking oil aie superior to those of other districts, with the t-xeption, possibly, of some of the tii-wly discovered diatiiets in Western Vir ginia. Hut there sro facts connected with oil well-, particularly their intermittent action and their iii'Wferonce with one an other, which serve to show the existenca In many cases of systems of these cavities con nected together by channels of communica uon, more or less free, running sometimes along the strata and sometincs across them. On Oil Creek xc greatest quantities are found in the same horizontal stratum of Mtidstoncs. It would scorn that this rock s very porous, and perforated like a honey comb with numerous cells and fissures con (aining petroleum. The history of man' u( the wells is as follows : When oil i entered the gas begins to raise it up over he top of the boring, increasing gradually iu force until it projects it in the air, often to a height of from thirty to1 forty feet, fhen alternately diminishing and increasing gradually in force at regular intervals, but without any cessation in the flow for a long cinic. These variations in the force of the gas the " breathing of the earth' 'as they are termed are to be explained on the principle of supposing tbat, as tho tension : of the gas is relaxed" by tBo removal of the oil, the gas and oil from other cavities around rush in through the pores and slight rissures till a certain maximum tension is reached, and the influx ceases, then, by the expansion of the gas already in the cham ber, the oil continues to come up, bat with a diminishing flow, until a relative vacuum is again created ; after which the influx is icnewed and gradually increases as at the beginning. These regular alterations vary in different wells from two to three times -a day to as main- times nn hour ; the inter vale,bowever,gradually increasing hi length 33 the supply of oil is diminished, unless, as sometimes happens new communications are forced, and the wells deriving new supplies, start off again with a new period, It.is no uncommon thing for intermittent wells to throw out at first three or four hundred barrels a dayor to yield in all as much as twenty Ihousand barrels. The activity of some wells is increased by rains; others, with less gas, are rendered unpro ductive unttftathe water 'can be reduced. There is no reason to suppose, according to the theory of- Professor Evans, of Marietta College, that this oil is raised to tbe sur face by the direct pressure of a stream of Water -wnOSC neaa IS Ulguer iuau uic issue, as the lets oFArtesian wells are said to be produced. In spouting wells the presence of eras, as tbe immediate agentl becomes known not only from their variable action, bt also from, the actual escapes of gas, and consequent cessation onflow wherever tbe oil is reduced to a certain level. If collect tions of pil had direct and free connection with strong currents' of water, the mechani cal agency of these currents would "bear hern away rapidly.-1 The "show of oil" increases in value as a sign with the depth at which it is found. Especially is the finding of large quantities of imprisoned gas, though oil may be present, regard ed as a good indication that oil is near. A learned writer on the subject is inclined to attribute petroleum and its associated bydrogeneous gases to a fermentation and distillation by subterranean heat of the hydrocarbon elements resident in all the carbonaceous strata underlying the rock oil region. Moreover, he is .inclined to assign the oil and gas to the lower deposits almost exclusively, for these reasons: First, that they come forth, and very abundantly, in large districts, far remote from any tracts of the coal formation, and where those inferior rocks are the only carbonaceous ones which underlie the surface. Secondly, that a like discharge of petroleum and com bustible gases occurs iu some of tbe other coal fields of the earth, even where their coal beds are notoriously bituminous and dangerously full of firedamp. Thirdly, there are some differences, so the chemists inform us, between these native hydrogen ous products, nnd the genuine coal oil and its resultants, procured by artificial methods of separation. From this it is inferred that the greater portion of the oil and gas is really derived from the marine animal car bonaceous shales, and not from the vegeta ble beds of coal and their coaly rocks. The process of the extrication of the petroleum from the lower strata, and its accumulation in the pores, crevices, and joints of the upper ones, is beleived by the same learned authority to be simply this : That during the epoch, or the perhaps successive epochs, of the uplifting of all these water-buried and water-side sedimentary strata, earth quake pulsations and other undulations of tbe crust formod and fixed the flexures in the strata as described, and that during the earthquake oscillations, and even after their cessation, a copious amount of the highly heated subterranean stream, the constant attendants upon earthquakes, heated the strained and ruptured rocky beds, dislodged their more volatile constituents, ana carried or distilled these latter, one portion into the atmosphere and the residuary part into the interstices of the overlying cooler and less fractured strata. Upon this hypothesis we fee how in those belts of the Alleghanics, where the crust was most convulsed and the rocks were most contorted and highly heated, the coal beds were actually coked into dense anthracite, aud how further, from the line6 of maximum, subterranean pulsa tion and steaming of the rocks, the volatile matters below the surface were progressively less expelled, till entering the petroleum districts tbe crust movements and warming were so moderate that thev onlv sufficed t- displace the tarry and gaeous matters from the underlying beds, to leave them ai least in part, in the cavities nnd cells and frae tures of the ovcrrcsting strata. FACILITIES FOR GETTING THE OIL TO MARKET are being graduallr increased, even to the running of pipes for the transportation of on trom the wells to tuc termini ot ttie un Creek Railroad, and the Atlantic and Great Western road : and the New York Central and the Pennsylvania Central, together with the Erie nnd Philadelphia, as well n the Now York and Erie roads, are making preparations to relieve the oil region of Pennsylvania . of its immense stores oi wealth. It is now carried in flats down to Pittsburg, at 1.25 per barrel less than the cost per railroad to New York. By the pipe process it is estimated tbat 10,000 barrels a day can" be delivered at the roads at a cost greatly less than by the present means. The oil is to be carried from the tanks at the wells, through iron pipes, on the same principle as gas is now conveyed through the streets. TUE KATES AND RULING IN NEW VOCE. So extensive has the business become in New York that a regular petroleum board has been established at the Merchants' Ex change and news room, which is attended daily by from four to five hundred dealers. The number of companies is increasing, tbe old ones are commanding more attention, new oil territory is being brought into the market, and science is bringing its powerful aid to produce from petroleum many new and important articles, all of which are cal culated to have a beneficial effect upon man kind all over the world. There are nearly two hundred and fifty oil and oil land companies in New York and Pennsylvania, the stock of which is on the market, and being hawked about in placards, pamphlets and newspaper adver tisements. These companies represent one hundred and forty millions of dollars. . NEW USES FOR PETROLIC. The subject of tbe expense of fuel for the use of ocean Bteamers has been an til im portant one whenever a line of trans-Atlan tic steamers has been proposed. We learn that an ingenibns mechanic of Meadville, Penn., is engaged in experimenting upon a plan-lo produce, from naptha, or the residu um of petroleum, an article of fuel that will be used, at an immensely reduced cost from coal, for generating steam on board steam ships traversing the ocean. The experiment is being practically tasted at the Downer Refinery, in Corry, Penn., whent "i s giving much satisfaction, producing a heat as powerful and regular as any ever pro duced from! either bituminous or anthracite coal. It. mast be remembered that this article is produced from what was at firat rejccte4 as the debris or useless residuum of petroleum, but ia now coming into mar ket as one of tbe most valuable products. NEW COLORS FROM THE RESIDUE)!. Among tbe most favorite colors for silk goods, ribbons, &c., in the market, is a color produced from the residuum of petro leum and manufactured at the Humboldt refinery, near Plummer, in the Oil Creek region. It is a bright and fixed cerulean blue, or perhaps a shade darker, but still as brilliant, and is called the Humboldt color. The process of manufacturing it is kept a profound secrect by the discoverers, who are German chemists, aud do not speak if they understand English. No stranger is allowed to enter their works, except by special permission. It is stated that the Humboldt Company produces these colors from a combination of naptha and tar. The refinery uses twenty-six stills, and probably three or four hundred barrels of petroleum per day wben running at full capacity. Another delicate and fashionable, a light blue, called "Arurine," is produced from petroleum, as well as the new famous and popular color "Magenta," and we hear that still another color, called the "Rosina,' is in course of production from petroleum. Those colors are ascertained by dropping tbe oil in a certain state into water,, by which tho most beautiful hues are brought out, vicing with the discoveries of the- most celebrated artists. .It is confidently believ ed that petroleum will in some shape form one of the most valuable ingredients in combining tho most charming tints ever transferred to canvass. The whole Western Yankee Nation seems to have a sub strata of petroleum, and the petroleum aristocracy liave ample assurance of a long continued if not an everlasting fountain of supply .upon which to rest the basis of their title as being the newest, most unselfish, and most wealthy aristocra cy in this democratic land. HOW THEY LIVE IN NEW YORK. How do the mass of the inhabitants live? Let facts and figures show. Three-quarters of a million live in tenement houses. Of 116,000 families in the city, only 1G.000 have an independent home by themselves. 14,302 families live two in a house, 4,416 live three in a houc. In the 11,964 bouses not included above, 71,388 families live, or rather stay j seven families, of thirty five 'souls, in each house. This is the average; while in the Eleventh Ward, 113 rear houses, or the back ends of lots reaching through alleys, contain 1,653 fam ilies, 170 to a house. Others have eighty and some ninety-Gve persons living in them. In one ward twenty-nine houses hold 5,499 souls 187 persons iu a single house. In one house there are 112 families. In an other house there are 500 low Irish and German persons huddled together. Tacked into a single block, are in some case peo ple enough to make a city the size of Utica, New York. To call these barracks by the name of houses has been woll-described as follows: "A structure of rough brick, standing upon a lot twenty-five by one hundred feet, from four to six stories high, and so divided internally as to contain four families on each floor each family eating, drinking sleeping, cooking, washing and Gghting in a room eight feet by ten j un less, indeed, the family renting these two rooms takes To another family to board, or sub-lets one room to one or even two other families." Of course, most of the rooms are so dark you can scarcely see in them of a cloudy day ; and as to ventilation, water and other closets, or any of the comforts and conveniences of a homo, they are not to be thought of. Stench, indecency, gloom, demoralization thpse are tbe attendants. Is it strange "that children and adults cannot live while crowded into such placos ? And is it strange that vice and brutality rage rampant ? Time. It waits for no man it travels onward with an even, uninterrupted, inex orable step, without accommodating itself to the . delays of mortals. The restless hours pursue their course ;' moments press after moments ; day treads upon day ; year rolls year. Dctes man loiter; procrastinate? Is be listless or indolent? Heboid the days, the months nnd years, unmindful of his delay, are never sluggish, but march forward in 6ilent and solemn procession. Our labors nod toils, our ideas and feelings may be suspended by sleep ; darkness and silence nnd death may reign around us, but Time is beyond the power of any human being, besides Omnipotence. The clock may cease to strke, the suu to shine ; but tbe busy hours pass on. Tho months and years must move on ever, forward. f&" No nation is born for empire none is organized for long life none can make history none can ultimately escape Slav ery and live in the divine hights of Self government save those that are endowed with the grand old Roman instinct of neyer submitting while disasters prevail, of never making peace until the supremacy of right and power is acknowledged. If the Amer ican nation shall halt or countermarch oa its victorious way to the re-establfshment of the Republic, complete, purified aud in divisible, it will. die rand die deservedly. g ---- tST A lady of Berkshire, New York. presented her husband with her twenty-first child last weex. - a ae Denies are ait living, but the father is almost caved in. He wants a government contract, , A PRAYER IN THE BUTTERNUT CHURCH., Lord ! we beseech of thee, if 'thou art not an Abolitionist, to save our country, if thou canst do it constitutionally and without freeing the niggers or giving unto Old Abe Lincoln any of the glory. But, oh Lord, if. thou art an Abolitionist, and bad any hand in the freeing of Egyptian slaves and drowning their oppressors in the Red Sea, thou art not our God ; for be it known unto thee, oh Lord, that wo have established a new Church and will also set up a new submit to the lUvlum of one who set all the Egyptian niggers free and killed' their masters, because they are Democrats, or Butternuts, as the Abolitionists call them. Aud, oh Lord, if thou art an Abolitionist, and in favor of freeing the niggers, please make it known unto us, that we may at our next church meeting at Columbus, appoint a new Lord, and take immediate action in regard to a new Heaven, for we have re solved nor to serve an Abolition God, neither will we occupy the same heaven with the Abolitionists and niggers. We pray thee, oh Lord, to inform us if thou art in favor of free speech, free press, free whisky, free acting, free everything but free niggers, and if thou wilt admit niggers into thy heaven, that wo may consider the matter at our next meeting, and then and there determine whether it would not be prudent to cast thee aside, and appoint in thy room and stead, our worthy brother, E. B. Olds, Esq., as thy successor, for we wish thee to understand most distinctly and emphatically, oh Lord, that we will have no God to rule over us who is not in favor of everything except niggers. Oh Lord, if thou art not nn Abolitionist, we will continue our supplications unto thee, but if thou art an Abolitionist", and say it is wrong to keep the niggers in bond age and admit them into thy heaven, we utterly repudiate thee and thy churoh, and will establish for ourselves a new church, a new religion and a new heaven. Oh Lord, we desire a pure church, and holy people people who have no more regard for tho nigger than for a dumb brute. We don't believe they have any souls, and if they have, a nigger s soul is not worth saving. Oh God, protect and defend slavery give us peace, but don't let the Abolitionists interfere with slavery. In mercy, oh Lord, restore the Democratic party to power, and every infernal cuss of a nigger to his master. Lord, don't let the niggers come North, lest they become our equals ; and in much mercy don't abolish slavery, lest they become our superiors. Oh Lord, if there is a Lord, restore to us oar much beloved Vallandigbam, but don't cripple slavory ; let George E. Pugh have entire liberty of speech, but don't give the niggers their freedom. God of mercy, prevent all the Southern States from coming back into the Union without slavery, and whether in accordance with thy divine will or not, do thou speedily restore slavery in the Distriet of Columbia. Lord, perfect, uphold and defend the institution of sla very everywhere, and the more especially so as many of the Southerners have of late been giving it tbe cold shoulder. Oh Lord, if there is a God, send all the Abolitionists to h 1; and finally, oh Lord, save our new church from everything like niggers and Abolitionists. These blessings we demand at thy bands for the weal of the Democratic, Butternut-Copperhead party, amen. MATRIMONIAL, following advertisement is The taksn from an Eastern exchange : "I have lived solitary long enough I want somebody to talk to, to quarrel with, then kiss and make up. Therefore, I am open to proposals from young ladies nnd fresh widows of more than average respec tability, tolerably tame in disposition and hair of any color but red.- As near as I can judge of myself, I am not over eighty, or "under twenty-five jears of age. In heigbth I am cither five feet eight or eight feet five ; I am not sure which. Weigh 135, 315 or 531, one of the three ; recol lect each figure perfectly well, but as to their arrangement am somewhat puzzled. Have a whote suit of hair, dyed by nature and free from dandruff. Eyes butternut brindle, tinged with pea-green. Nose blunt, according to the Ionic .order of ar chitecture with aloocll of Composite. Mouth between a catfish's and an alligator's made especially for oratory nnd tbe re ception of oysters. Ears plainated, long and elegantly shaped. My whiskers are a combination of dog hair, mos3 and briar brush well behaved and fearfully luxuri ant. I am ( sound 3' on tbe nigger ques tion. Wear boots No. 6, when corns are not troublesome, and write peotry by the mile, with double rhyme on both edges to read backwards, crosswise and diagonally. Can play the jewsharp. bass drum, and whistle Yankeo Doodle in Spanish. Am very correct in my morals, and first-rate at ten-pins ; have a great regard for the Sab bath, and only drink when invited. Am a domestic animal and perfectly docile, wben towels are clean and shirt buttons all right. If I possess a predominating virtue it is that of forgiving every enemy whom I deem it hazardous to attempt to handle. I say my prayers every night, mosquitoes permitting, and as to snoring in my sleep, I want somebody to-tell me. Money is no object, 'as I was never troubled with aay, and. never, expect to be," GORILLAS THEIR FEROCITY. The most interesting part of Mr. Du Chailu's lectuio, recently delivered in New York a his description of the Gorilla and other members of the Ape family. The Gorilla i the largest and most formidable beast in that region, being from five to 6ix feet two inches high when standing erect. His strength is so great that he can tear down trees, the sap of which he eats. He does not kill men for fuod, but when at tacked he is fearful, and with a single blow of one hand will eviscerate a man in an instant The speaker exhibited the skele ton of a Gorilla, 'and pointed out those features of the anatomy by which he is indisputably distinguished from the human family, and he showed that it is impossible for the race of apes to produce a man, or for men to degenerate into apes; a very comfortable conclusion certainly. If Mr. Darwin's notion that the human Tace may have developed from the monkey tribes had any scientific basis, it would be a little humiliating that otbor branches of the original stock have attained a higher degree of physical strength than has fallen to man. The gorillas are far more than a match -for him, when unassisted by weapons. Dr. Du Chailu is probably the first and only white man who has dared to wage war with gorillas. The apes of Borneo and Sumatra are infants in comparison with them. The far-famed chimpanzee is a great docile creature which can never be named in the same day with tho gigantic savage of Central Africa. Think of it. The gorilla is six feet two inches in height, and three feet between tbe shoulder blades. The paw is that of a giant three times tho size of, a human hand. The finger meas ures six inches in circumference at the base. There is an immense ridge running perpen dicularly over the cranium ; this and the greatjaws are packed with muscles of pro digious strength. The creatures have huge arms,altogether disproportioncd to the body. It has black hair, and has a matted lock on its head, wh'ch it has tho power of bring ing over its face. It has almost the saga city of a man, and almost the ferocity of a fiend. The male is terribly pugnacious; the female always flies. Wben they make their attack they beat their breasts with their fists, making a sound which can be heard a mile. Their cry which has a tcrrifBc resemblance to the human voice can be heard three miles amid the reverbe rations of the hills. As they approach their adversary, they endeavor to intimidate him. One would think this was easily done. The fearful sound, those frantic eyes, glaring with the intelligence nnd ma lignity of a. demon, were enough to shake nerves not easily disturbed from their equipoise. Our hero lost five or six men in these strange engagements. Think of tho trcmendpus strength that, with one blow of the arm would crush tho ribs like pipe stems and tear out a piece of tho side; and tbat with a single movement of tho jaw could crush the barrel of a gun as if it had been a stick of candy ! Another fact : There arc no lion in the beat of the gorilla A TIGER FRIGHTENED BY A MOUSE. ' A traveler gives the following anecdote of a tiger kept at the Residency at Calcutta: But what annoyed him far more than our poking him with a stick, or tantalizing him with shins of beef or lcg3 of mutton, was introducing a mouse into his cage. No fine lady ever exhibited more terror at the sight of a spider than this magnificent royal tiger betrayed on seeing a mouse. Our mischievous plan was to tie tbe little animal by a string to the end of a long pole and thrust it close to the tiger's nose. The moment he saw it he leaped to the opposite side, and when the mouse was made to run near him be jumped himself into a corner and stood trembling and roaring in such an testacy of fear, that we were alwnysobligcd to desist in pity to the poor brute, borne times we insisted on his passing over where the unconscious little mouse ran backwards and forwards. For a long time, however, we could not get him to move, till at length by the help -of a squid, we obliged him to start ; but instead of pacing leisurely acros in his den, or of making a- detour to avoid the object of hia alarm, he generally took kind of flying lenp, so high as nearly to bring his back in contact with the roof of his cage. How to Do Good. It has been said " lie who waits to do a great deal of good at once will never do anything." Life is made up of all things. It is but onco in an age that occasion is offered for doing a great deed. True greatness consists in be ing great in little things. How are rail roads built ? By one shovel full after an other, one shovel full at a time. Thus drops make the ocean. Hence we should be willing to do a little good at a time, nnd never wait to do a great deal at once. If we would do much good in the world, we must be willing to do good in little things, little acts one- after another, speaking word here and a word there, and setting a good example all the lime. Sf A' clergyman one Sanday took a his text, "Who art thou?" He paused after reading it, when a gentleman in a mil itary dress, who atuho instant was proceed ing up tbo middle aisle of tbe church, supposing it a question addressed to 'him, replied, ' I, sir, am nn officer of the 69 tb Regiment, on a recruiting party here, by Jaes. - DISCOVERY OF A PLOT TO RELEASE THE PRISONERS AT CAMP DOUGLAS AND BURN THE CITY-OF CHICAGO. A dispatch dated Chicago, November 7th, say; Yesterday telegrams were received by IIou. John Wentworth and others, announ cing the coming of large numbers of bulb whackers. Colonel Sweet, commandant at Camp Douglas, was communicated with, and orders were at pnoe issued for tbe ar rest of the desperadoes upon their arrival. Tho fact leaked out and the faithful found meaus to apprise their friends of what lay in storo for them, and tho trains lost their loads of cut throats at the city limits. The bushwhackers scattered in various direc tions, and the military ind police, by con stantly scouring the city, have picked up hundreds of them. A propellbr, with nearly a hundred individuals, of hang-dog lookr arrived here this morning from Cana da. The military and police are after them and all will be captured. Trinity Church is full of these fellows, who have been picked up, aud are kept there under guard, Col. Sweet, who for some time has been aware of tho existence of a rebel plot to release the prisoners at Camp Douglas and burn the city, discovered that tho time had arrived for action. His detcctivos had been at work diligently and with success, and. though the evidence was not conclusive enough to warrant the arrest of some hun dreds of tho conspirators, who nevertheless ought to bo arrested and hanged, it was deemed neoessary to strike at ouce such , ones as were unquestionably treasonable, arrest tbe rebel spies known to be lurking about here, and seize the arms depot of one of tho branches of the Chicago Sons of Liberty. Calling Capt. John Nelson, of the police, to his assistance, Col. Sweet secured the ready Co-operation of the city police. Capt, Nelson was dispatched to the bouse of Dr, Edwards, a Peace Democrat, residing at 7.0 Adams street, to arrest Col. Vincent Bter madukc, of the rebel service, and a brother of General Marmaduke, who wag known to be harbored there. The rebel Colonel was very indignant over the affair, as doubtless was Dr. Edwards. While the above arrest was being made, a detachment of military and police proceeded to the Richmond House and captured the rebel Colonel G. St. Ledger Greenfield, Morgan's Adjutant General, and J. S. Shanks, an escaped reb el prisoner, These were marched to Camp Douglas. Buckner S. Morris, a Kentucki an, a man noted for bis hatred of the North and unmistakable sympathy with the South, was also arrested and is now con fined in Camp Douglas. Col. Sweet possesses evidence implicating Judge Morris as Treasurer of the Chicago Sons of Liberty, In bis dispatch to Gen, Cook, this morning, Col. Swoet says; I have complete proof of his having assisted Shanks, the rebel prisoner, to escape, and of plotting the release of the prisoners at this camp." Meanwhile another detachment of milita ry invested the residence of Charles' Walsh; near Camp Douglas, an exemplary Demo crat and a candidate for sheriff of this county two years ago. The bouse was entered and a portion of its contents seised and , taken to Camp Douglas. Capt. Can trell and a private named Charles Traverse, both belonging to the rebel service, wcro (here and were arrested as rebel spies. A further search of Walsh's house revealed the conclusive evidence that Charlie is a brigadier general of tbe treasonable Sons of Liberty, and he too was arrested. But the discovery ended not there. In General Walsh's house we're found two handred stand of arms, with all the necessary am munition, and two cart loads of large revol vers, loaded and capped, ready for use. These were taken to Camp Douglas. In regard to the arrest of Walsh, Colonel Sweet says he has evidence enough against him to ensure his swinging for treason. Col. Sweet has proof in hi? possession that it was the plan of tbe rebel eoaspiratora and home traitors to release the rebel pris oners at Camp Donglas and burn the city. The camp was to have been attacked on two sides to-morrow night, the rebels released and the city pillaged and burned. Simultaneously with the above arrests, a party of military and police pounced down upon a room on Dearborn street, adjoining aud connected with the Matteson House, and captured two large boxes of loaded guni that were there concealed. Two prominent Democrats, one of them a candi date for a high office, who have suites of rooms close at hand, though living, one of them in the West, and the other in the North division, were not arrested. The Way to Select Flour. First, look at the color; if it is white, with a yel lowish or, straw-colored tint, buy it. If it i3 very white, with a bluish cast, or witk white specs-in it, refuse it. Second, exam ine its adhesiveness ; wet and knead a little of it between your fingers ; if it works soft and sticlcy, it h "poor. Tbirdj throw a lump of the floor on a- smooth surface J if it falls like powder, it la bad. Poarth; squeeze some of the flour in yoor'haadj if it retains tbe shape giin by the prcasafs that, too, is 'a gcod sign. '.Flour thatBtlPfc stand all these tests is safe totbay. J ;J?J These modes are given by old floaiass era, and they pertain to a matter that joe cerns everybody the staff of Ufe,rf