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P. M. ZIEBACH, EDITOR. I I O I I V I O W A Vkaridkf, ... Mvrch 31,1499. Democratic City Convention. Thi* Peni^rral s of Simix Ci 'y ro«tpJ to i icn»t 1I.-W, Saturday Afternoon, April 'id, i*r»0, «t *4 o'clock, i.v tli-fin fit in* I nir'-"fir^ r:.j to mi ti-.» Sr^eKt'^tv Vfi-lt «i the Question of the ."'nlMuw uf id •Jfi'-.-tr* vviil be Jetldea by the m«vting DetnoerMn S. T. PAYL.\ Ckainr»*n of the City T. m. 0« otrnl C*m. At iht iiffjuf** of Mmj Democrat** tlonx City, March l.\ 1^9. Democratic State CoaTeB||«|» Tlir PfinTrnrt of Iowa are nMifle*! tint tfc# iMrocrVi^ Stn». wnH. n f.f !*£. w T'arriitrn 1 1. Terr's n 'MUr^lr *^n- 09 Iloufir.1 C. liumV' UU V To«n ft ..Ta«»!#^^. .T,»V.rt( nil .T^tir-« fe, K«^l:uk 1. ?X T^nUn fi. 7 ?rn11. Tn '^4, *a-15p'.n •*. Marion H. Marknll V»U Mftchfl? ?, i«'*rrv* ft, romprv 1. Mliscaflno 11. To^k ft. IMvnv titli 1, T»n1K wat.mi". fow^lil4 4. 1. 1. .Crott 14. ?b"lhv 1. 9torv n. T,mi TitW 2. Vi.Jnn 2 Van Pwrpti n. W^rvlso 1.'. Vfuf-n f. Wiabinfftrti 7. Vayro f». Tr.Vtavi. 6, Wiuuehago 1, Wondhnry W« rtlt. 1. Vfp!»t 1. Notf— Kop rrorv fia't^n r-f over fbrty, an adlS tlonnl .1-U' -nte 1i«p hwn .-•ll'-w#/!. r«rt:--n^ip »tt«»rtV-u I ^i1), fn fhr» «*rtin ftf tho X^-Tnn^r.itif* St«t« Conrrntinn f^r pnvt year« pf hiMtii'jr «H rPTi^®«. nt ition lr proxy Tr.t»«. Th» C^unfr rf«r5trn1 CV»mmJ'teM a«e etalVv r»|U«atel to w«* that roitntv merttnga be b«ld for tha pnrp^ai* of »ftid!n? H^ip^taa. JAMTFI A. W'L.PAM.^V, Ch'n P. m. State Kx.Ocm. Organize 1 Organize 1 in IS3G—without which we would Democrat ir fit*. Coh?riitloti We npa'm call attenlion to the Demo cratic Convention which is to nit-el in Cns udj's Ilall, on .Saturday next, at 2 o'clock, P. M. The necessity for a strict organi zation of the party is imperative, and all who desire to see Democratic principles triumph shout^lav aside all personal jeal ousies and factious fvclin^c, ami do what they can to unite :i-.d strengthen the party. Good and competent men nhsuld be notui inated lor the s^Vv-ial otlices, and a ss-rics of plain, unequivocal resolutions aJoptr deiiiiing the pn^iiion of the Democracy of Sioux L'ity both politically and with refer euce to the condition of the City affairs. As we have heretofore said, no Democrat can justify himself for acting with the op position in the coining spring election.— There are as £ood meu in the Democratic party who will as ably and economically administer the city government, as can be found in the Republican ranks and no sufficient reason can be assigned why they should not be supported by the iull strength of the party. Yet we are assured that many of those claiming to be Democrats who acted with the Republican party last fall, have avowed thiir intention of bulling again this spring. In fact some of them have already taken open position with the opposition, and one, J. AV. UU.SI.GR, acted as ehairinau of the Citizens' Cutiveti tion. Thesa fair-weather Democrats may suceeecj in defeating the Democratic ticket, but the fear of this result will deter no good Dctnocr.it from doing his duty tu the party. Let there be a full turn-out to the Convention on Saturday put a straight out ticket in nomination, and then if de feated at the polls we will have the satis faction of knowing that the Democratic flag is unsullied by contact with Republi canism. i| !,•» h-M fit flee Molufi, on lYrdiieftdny, June I at, i«59# in Iher-H'M at V o'clock. A. M. The pun***" nf Hi» Ponvmil -n U nfriiin.it/* est. dM«te« f.»r wln'.'fl1****, o 1« fiilevl at th»» •Mtiln? 0.'?i|) rr election: ONEOovri'NON. OVK MKITT. OOVRRKOR TIIHKI: JRNOR? ?I PKF.ME CURT. At«n to adopt *n?h a urs^m or.rat'hatlon r.f th I'trty a« nutv ht» t»*st rMcnlat^l to tecure the tri vmrb of n ,m,lm.es. The rntio of *i-l f°r ®wy 100 votes r-'st f-r^vmiul rntmlfit, Secretary of (lata. In Hct'.-hir. a* f'tlnw** A'lalr 1. Adame 1. MUrr-Un* Aprartorao 11. Ait i't 1, H»-nton 7. WartcViiwV S, lV-nn* 4 llremrr fl, ®W!cr 2, Pnrhannn f\ CaH»*nii 1. Tarn 111. Or# '2, tfelar 0. CVrroOnMo 1. PhnmV** 1. ChiVa-aw fl, #la» 1, CU-lr* 5. C'evfon 12. Htnt*n U Cr*vf DnP*« 4 I»T1p17 TWntnrfi 7. 14. lKUn«MT» t. 20. ?iv+t» 7. F1«" 4 fUnMH 1, Kn"v.rt J, fliw'i# 1. Oru- 1y 1. A Big Gold Story# The following is a postscript to a letter in the Ottumwa Statesman written at Fort Laramie: We desire to appeal to our Demnerntie ftiends in every election district to be up Mid doing in order that a thorough organ liation of the party may be efTV-cted at the approaching eleetion. Ths Democratic party of Iowa has a great work to aecom- I*aran:t». He reported that while in flish in the reformation fcf the abuses our P. S. Since writing the above, a Sioux Indian of the O ga la la band, has arrived ,he has been subjected to undsr Repub Ifeaa rule, and the rousciunsnpss of this iicessity should nerve evrry individual Wembrr to do his :itmrst to secure the iiccndanry of his party. To accomplish this, well-regulated nnd eflicient organiza tion in every town iru«t bn instituted, for tile purpose of securing a thorough canves •f the principles of the different parties by fMtblic speeches, distribution of documents, Afc and on election day to see that ever. Democratic vote is polled. We arc thor Mghlv convinecd of the actual necessity •f a Democratic organisation in everv frecinct —no matter how small the num ktr of voters—in ordtr to secure and main tain the ascendancy of our principles. It Was the efficacy of township organisation T':ai-'r: try that secured Pennsylvania to the Hemoc- hun'i«g eagles, for- their feathers he shot a badger near his hole, and on going up, found the ground cover ed with large pieciia of gold, which the badger had dug out in making his nest.— \Vi the metal he filled buckskin bag, aud immediately started for the Fort, in tending to trade it olf for horses but be fore pr-ceeding far ho met a band of nrules. and made thoin acquainted with what he had found, and what he intended to do with it. This enraged them, and they administered lo him a severe whip ping, killed both his horses, and threaten ed kim with death if he divulged the dis covery of gold in the Black Hills. What goid he had with him was burled. White men will not lie allowed to enter that cotin- if '^e Indians can prevent them. The sl(ry I give you precisely as I heard it, al"2 a,n j|ave been hopelessly defeated. It was the most rigid discipline and untiring ef rts that a favorable issue was obtained, he name of every Democratic voter was Irollcd, and on election day no vigilance relaxed until every voter hail deposi ted his ballot. It was thus that th# Octo ber election was tnade to result in a Dem •Cratic victory, thereby deciding the No vember contest in Indiana and Illinois. There is little doobt hut that the popu lar Tote of Iowa is Democratic and all that is needed to demonstrate its supre •ttey is oryaniza/ion. This N the shibo leth to victory—and the man who pretends to be a Democrat, yet scouts at the neces •ity of forming clubs in every precinct, Md adhering to the principles ar.d can didates of the party in everycontest.no Matter how unimportant seemingly, is of Wore inj iry to the party than an open and mowed enemy, arid the sooner he takes tuition openly in the rauks of the enemy the better it wi'l be? for the party hp hap da* "rt^d. The man who does not adhere to his party obiigafions in the election of tewnship and ciry efKcers, can not be re lied upon in more important contests.— These are fact that cannot be gainsaved. Local prejudices and individual prefer ences must be lo«t sight of when the wel fkre of the party can lie enhanced thereby. Let the contest, if there must be one be tween individuals, be previous to the nom (flations, but »h"n the choice of the con ••ntion is announced all should, and all good Den ocrats will, join in a noble strife see w ho can do most to secure the sue COPS of the principles and .standard bearers •f their party. Let this principle govt rn the action of Democrats on Monday next, Md ihe foundation will be laid for a glo- ricne Democratic victory in October. .Hon. GEO. JOKES has declined the artssion to Bogota, recently tendered to ytn by Mr. Been*NAN. It it Mr. JONES' fartentio.i to return to Iowa and he has aceerted bis determination to accept of na E*ecutive appointment. This determina tion, together with his declen.ion of the locrative post of Minister 11 New Grenada a succcssful at triumphant refutation «f tbo charge of On oppfnitio.i press that Gen. JOSKS' devotion to the Administra tion was for the purpose of oecurinn an ap pointicciit at the termination of his office Senator* The Meeting at Dkksta City. We learn that the meeting at Dakota ©ty on Saturday Inst to adopt some means •|f bring more prominently before the pub lie the advauug, s of the old Mormon Trail a3 a route to the gold mines, was iwll attended, and a large number signi fled their intention to travel that route to &e mines. We had hoped to be able to by the proceedings qf the meeting before Mr readers this week, bat we have not re Mived them. More Snow* Oa Sunday last we had a considerable Ml of snow, Md iht dajr waa very diaa ffeeable. r.ot responsible for its authentic ity, although I believe there is a* much gold in the Black Hills north of Laramie, at in California. Bad Ilrports. The latest reports from the gold mines are rather unfavorabls, and will undoubt edly deter many who have been afflicted with the fever from going. We are in formed that large numbers of gol 1 hunters who have arrived at Nebraska City, and other river iowns south of us, ore discour aged by the gloomy accounts recently re ceived from the reported gold fields, and determined to go no further until it is re duced to a certainly that the Nebraska r.nl Kansas gold mines ere not a humbug. To tho'-e who have abandoned the idea of going to Cherry creek, it will be grateful to know that the treaty recently ratified by the U. S. Senate with the Yancton In dians secures to the United Slates the most desirable tract of country in the Northwest, where all, by industry and economy can achieve more uniform wealth than in the reputed gold mines. That Slap. A friend has called our atten^nn to the map eentlv published in the Ciiiuin. and wants to know when Iowa City WHS loca ted on Stunk river, and how it is that Des Moines is so far bfl iw "the forks?" He also widies to know how it is (hut Iowa City is placed in that '•geographical cen tre" so much talked of duri.ig the "Capi tal lime Can't answer—it is a dav of change, and perhaps tbc-e ars among the changes.- l)ti Moines Jutii n d, And while you are at it, wo would like to know when the Platte rher left its old bed aud took the course indicated in the Citizen's map It is the popular opinion here that the Platte is a crooked stream, and Government surveyors l.ave enter tained the same idea, but tho "intoxicated Chicago engraver" has taken all the kinks out of it. Seriously, tho Citizen's map of the route to the gold mines is the most con summate misrepresentation of known ge ography we ever witnessed, and we fully agree with the latter paper that the engra ver while preparing it must have been ex cessively obfuslieated on the most villanous kind of ''com top." How Democratic Victories are Won. At the recent election in Wyandott, Kan.*as, the Democracy achieved a signal victory over the Republic-ins. The man ner in which it was accomplished is ib is described by the Western Art/us, showing conclusively that when united tile Democ racy are invinuible "Wyandott county was redeemed because every man who claims to be a Democrat w nt in for the ticket. The Freo Stats and pro slavery Democrats went band in hand together. All stood upon the Leav enworth platform, and all worked together for the pro.-tration of the negro-stealing, negro-equality, negro loving Ulack Repub licans. Wyandott county is Democratic, and will remain so. How many counties will join her."' 19* John Marion, llrd Assistant Post master General, died at Washingtda on the 2'iiil ult. Hie disease was neuralgia I of the heart. CurrtcilQii, W. W. Cn.vF.r, K?q., Alderman from the Third Ward, informs us that on the night tho resolution creating the salaries of the city officers passed the Council, occupied the Mayor's chair, and did not vote for the resolution as stated in last week's Register. The published proceed ings of the Council did not state that Mr. Ci'l.vctt occupied the chair—hence oitr error. He stated, however, at the samo time, that he was in favor of the resolution, an t!»at if he had not been iri the chair, would have votnd in tbo affirmative. Con sequently we did not misrepresent his sen timents. We were also in error in stating that Alderman HrsRT TOteil in favor of the resolution—he not being present at the Council the evening it passed. It is need less for us to say that the error was alto gether unintentional, and we take pleasure in making this Matemcnt in order to set Mr. H. right upon the record. The resolution passed by the following vote: Yeas—Aldermen Kviss, POOR, CORDCA, GALIEN. '.Vissos and SAXBORN. Ti e first two arc bolters, and ncled with the Republican party last fall, and are now supporters of the opposition city ticket the second two are Republicans and the hitter two are Democrats. Mr. POWI.KSSOS, Democrat, was present, but did not vote on the resolution,H&nd refuses to receive any more of his salary as Alderman than is required to pay bis city taxes. Has any Alderman who is now an advocate of the •'Anti-Salary ticket refused to receive his exhorbitant" compensation Letter from Hon. N.O. Wj att. The HarrisonCoutitv Flay containsalet* ter from this gentle man,dated at Plum (-reek Station, I!0 miles westof Fort Kearney,from which we make the following extracts: "We are meeting men daily who are re turning from the mines and many of! them are very much discouraged, spealt unfavorably of the prospects of things in the mines and do not intend to return.-— Some, however, say they intend to return in the. spring and try their luck again.— From the great number now returning you will, no doubt, see some soon in you ra:d and you can then better post yourself and r.-aders in regard to the chances for a fortune in the mines next summer. I am fearful that the excitcment along the Missouri River in Iowa is at least one hundred per cent, greater with ref renco to the richness of the mines than the actual facts will justify aud meu whu have to make rauc'j sacrifice in order to get to tho mines, with present repous, should act'with caution and look twice be fore they leap. Young men, wh'o have nothing to lose, need not, of course, be so cautious as the lesson may pay thein well for the time tl.ey will spend. Our party are all in good spirits and determined to go through and .see tor themselves, nnd, if possible, bring back enough to show that they have been to the mines. We have not, as yet, seen a deer, elk, antelope or buffalo, and I am v ry doubtful if we shall, as those returning say we are now passing through the best game part of the road. It has been, therefore, very fortu nate with us that we Uiok the prec iuti .n to take a small supply of grub!' with us and I should advise all others to do like wise. I shall probaly write to you again from the crossing of the Platte if n.it, you will not hear from me until I get through. We have the consolation of knowing that if we are on a wild goose chase, that bef.irj full we shall have plen ty of company. -Yours, N. G. WYATT. Drovtntd, A son of EMAS SNOOK, who resides fonr ipiles south of this city, was drowned in the Floyd river on Wednesday of last week. lie and a younger broth-r attempt ed to cross on a log rait, which separated whet, in the uinMI,,' of the stream. The younger,* uil being able to swim clung to the ra!t, and reached the shore in safety the older, being .m excellent swimmer, [•hinged into the water with the intention of swimming to shore, but was borne down by the rapid current, and drowned. His body has not been recovered, lie was about 21 years old. Mite Society. The ladies of this city have resolved to organize a nociety. having the above name, for the purpose of raising funds to aid, in the erection and furnishing of the Metho dist meeting house now utider contract in this city. The lirst meeting, for the formal organization of the society, was appointed to take place at the residence of Rev. Mr. FU.I.EK yesterday evening. As the objects of the society are ol a highly praiseworthv character, we hope to hear of its being liberally patronized. B£*t»Froui the Omaha Time* we learn that the editor of the Xebraxkian was re cently attacked by a woman with a cow hide, in retaliation for come unfavorable allusion to her husband in the columns of the Xtbrajkiuu, Umalia is cviduitly a fast place. &2J™ A post office was recently estab limbed at Cherokee, iu Cherokee county, and BICN'J. HOI.IUIOOK, I'isq., appointed postmaster. This is a great accouiuio-la tion to our Cherokee friends, and we eon grntu'ate them. «ar We ham ihat the Republicans of this county are talking of establishing a newspaper in Sioux City to advocate the doctrines of their party. If they think they can make it pay, all we have tn say is, "Let 'cr rip." Pair Gen. Titii*p is building a residence on the bluff in Fast Addition, Tho loca tion is a very handsome one. We hear of several other ilw.diin^s to be erected on the bluff the corning season. t^.What is the ditference between a soldier and a fashionable lady One faces the powder, and the other powders the face. The lVfn(trn Compnnj-* Again a sense of the indomitable ener. gy and goahradat'n eness of this threat civ ilizing firm, impels us^o give it a passing notice. Forseveral weeks the roads across the State have been in such a condition that even a minister if compelled to trav el over them or Ihvtmgh them, would be very likely to drop irreverent expressions, but. in spite of all this, with few except lions, the mails have eomo to this place, right side tip with care." For a few days tangible impossibilities in the shape ot little creeks swelled by the rains into great rivers rcade a break iu their clock work arrangements and caused a few im patient persons to growl slightly, but the streams have gone down and the delayed stages are running again all right. CouH' il liluffs Nonpareil. Up to this time, notwithstanding the al most impassable condition of the roads between this place and Council liluffs, tho mail has been delivered here witli remark able promptness, for whiiA much credit is due the employees of the WV,tern St^gc Company. The Million to Bogota The President of the United States has nominated to the Senate, for the mission to Uogoia, the lion, George W. Jones, of Iowa, late senator from that State. This appointment was altogether unsolicited by Mr. Jt^Kc or his friends, and nothing of the sort was known to or expected by that gentleman until the appointment had gone into the Senate for confirmation. It is a worthy tribute to the worth and fidelity of a faithful public servant. No constituency ever had a mure energetic and untiribg representative iu the public couucils than the people of Iowa aud the Northwest have ha in this sterling and indefatigable democrat and we do not be lieve that au appointment could have been tnade to give more gratification and satis faction to a great region of the Union thau the'one which the President has thus ten dered, unsolicited, to the able ex-seuator from Iowa.— WMhiitjluu Union March M. The Government has ordered Friday, 2..—2H° above at 7 a. in. 40° at 2 p. m., and :.8° i:t p. m. Saturday, IN —above at 7 a. m. 45° at 2 p. in., and 47- at p. m. Sunday, 27.—3 tc above at 7 a. Tlif HTTIVMl of Ull-tiir.a Tlif F. of the R^vnliloa. fhat Afor the general prospects of ban. ness' in this country, it is evident that our trade stands on healthy basis. The finan cial revulsion of 1857 was the throes of property seeking its true owners. The fe ver of speculation had so covered it with obligations, end at such fictitious valua tions, that no man could tell what he real ly owned, or what was the extent of his li abilities. et this revulsion, according (o the tables which we published some time since, swept away otiiy about five per cent of our business men, all over the country, while it left the property and material wealth—at a reduced value, it is true, but relieved from much of their obligaiions— in the hands of their real owners. With out the advent of any great depressing or inciting elements, trade will go on with its natural, slow developement, hastened, so far as regards ourselves, by the further increase brought by European immigra tion. This element of our growth is far more important than many are willing to concede. The statistics of the last ten years show that in that tune four millions of immigrants have readied our shores, bringing an average of one hundred dollars each with them. Thus, while this immense mass is added to the number of our pro ducers nnd consumers, four hundred mill ions of dollars were Bdded, by their com ing, to the accumulated wealth of the country. But we must go on with this natural slow pace of increasing trade for some years yet. Its basis is too sound to ad mit of much disturbance from any depres sing cause, however great while the era of prosperous speculation and rapidly ri sing prices must wait for some great slim ular.t outside of the usoal circles of com merce. Such are to be found only in po litical relations between large communities —as, for instance, the admission of Cuba or Mexico to the Union, or in the open ing lo American energy and enterprise the rich and unused regions, as was the case with California. Such events as these ex tend the boundaries of the republic of trade, and bring new vigor to iu hopes, new life to its circulation, and new ener gy to its enterprises and the results are seen in the tise of speculation, the rapid increase of wealth, the sudden extension of publio and private works, and a getier al buoyancy of feeling, that never spring from the natural aud gradual develope ment of the existing i ments of trade. all the employees at Fort Randall who do not belong ta the army be discharged, and that herafter all labor about the Fort is to be performed by soldiers without extra pay. The job of carrying the mail between this place aud the Fort has also been ta ken froai the old contractor, acd it is now carried ty a soldier. Thus it is that the present Administration is instituting re form in all branches of the government whereby the expenditures will be lessened, aud yet the opposition continue their par rol-Cry of "extravagance." AVratlter. Wednesday, 2H.—56° above at 7 a. m. G0° at 2 p. in., and 3t»° at p. tn. Thursday. 21,—above at ?'a. m, 38° at 2 p. in., aud .'U' at 9 p. m. Sut Loveiigood aurl the .Locomotive* The first locomotive Sut ever saw was standing wilh steam up, and nearly ready to go making no noi.-.e save a suppressed humming from the safety valves. Sut had in his skeery, cautious way, clambered to the top of the tender to find out "what Sort oi a beasti s it was, when the eugiu eer slyly gave the whistle lever a long pull —shay y-y I Sut lit twenty feet distant on a pile uf cord-wood, and after running un til he got 8truij.'htened up, lie ttfrucd round all eyis, and said m. 34° «.t 2 p. in., and*?.",0 nt 1' p. in. Monday, 2S.—2.)° above at 7 B. m.j 31° at 2 p. m., and 24^ at 'J p. in. Tue-day, 2'.».—21P above at 7 a.m. 3-1' at 2 p. m., and nt 1) p. tn. Wednesday, 30.—2b° above at 7 a. in. Strong wind on the night of Wednes day 2ofd, and stiow on Sunday the 27th, with which exceptions we have had a pleasant week ov-r bead, WMlilngtou Appointment*. Mr. Hughes, ex-member of Cougress from Indiana, is said to have been offer ed the vacant Commissiouership of Pat ents. Col. Mix, Chief Clerk of the Indian De parttuen t, is spoken of as successor to Gov. Denver, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who has resigned. fhe New York IImil states Ihat the Superintendent'}- of Indian Alfiirs has been given to Mr. McDutKe of California. John Peltit, of Indiana, has been eon firmed Chief Justice of Kansas, vice Le compte. B. Fuller, of North Carolina, has been appointed first Auditor of the TreMury. Returned. Dr. S. P. YKOMANS and P. Routt, Fsq., returned to Sioux City on Monday last, af ter an absence of several weeks. They say tf!at ull kinds of business is more pros perous aud financial matters easier iu Sioux City thau iu any oilier town iu Iowa and that the prospects of our fine young city are as good as any town "out west." As yet wo have no certain information as to when we will have a steambont ar rival. A letter from St. Louis states the Omaha was there and taking on freight for Sioux City on the 22nd iust., nnd that ifshe received a sullicicnt amountof freight to justily the trip, would come through to this pUtte, She uuy be here within a lew days. They are getting sharp in Lafay ette, Ind., under the influence of their great mineral water facilities. A horticul turist advertised that he would supply all sorts of trees ami plants, especially "pie plants of ull kinds."' A gentleman there upon sent him an order for one package of cua'aid pie seed, and a few doz.-u of mince pie plants! The gardener prompt ly fiiled the order by sendiug him four goose eggs and a small dog. This state ment is vouched tor. t&F Major and Russell, the great Gov ernment contractors have determined to make White Cloud, in Kansas, otic of their shipping depots, and the C'/iiV/'growe ju bilant thereat. S£Qu It is humored that Hon. JOIIV C. TLIIK has been removed from the office of Receiver of the Dakota Land OflUt. The report needs confirmation. 8*?U Mrs Bloomer delivered a lecture on the 8th inst., in Council Bluffs, on the subject of Female Education. W bat iu the deuce did jou do tu it, mister Just at this moment a negro came trundling truck, with a cooking stove, a joint of stove pipe on the fluehole, and*pots and pans hanging all round. Sut took u look at the stoveaud then at thelocoraotive a light broke out over bis perplexity, and lie si united to the engineer "Oli* yes, I understand it all nnw: fit? iarutd old brute was just a nick 'itT colt!'' A •'Suction. One of the completes! tal.o i-is con nected with the gold excitement, is the express train operation. For $."0, they take ll'O pounds of bnggnge through to the mines for emigrants: and for every ad ditional pound over 100, they charge 50 cents extra. The baggage is taken through oti band carts, the emigrant having privi lege to trudsw along on foot, and occasion ly submit to harnessed to the irt, like a jack asg, to assist in dragging it through the mud and over the hills!— White CluitJ Kansas Chief. CCD Fi in the S.-w V .rk lt.-i--.M-1 The Missouri Republican of the 7th contains a telegraphic despatch, dated the 5th announcing that the Secretary of l^io Interior had certified to the State of Iowa, *22:5,000 acres of land for Railroad purposes, in accordance with the prnvis-. ions of the act of 1858. The State Gat tte thinks this refers to the lands hereto fore granted for the improvement of tho Des Moines River and by an act of the Legislature of Iowa, diverted to aid in the construction of the Keokuk, Ft. Des Moines and Minnesota Railroad.—l),s Moines Journal. WASHINGTON- March 16 A diplomatic correspondent from Ma drid says that Mr. Preston will be receiv ed unconditional, but any proposition touching Cuba will be followed by the government sending him his passports. The Grand Jury have found a True Biil of indictment against Daniel Sickles for murder. They have not yet decide I respecting Mr. Butterworth's complicity iu the affair. The Secretary of State recently submittr 1 totbe Attorney General the question wheth er the Chinei-c Coolie Trade, as carried on by American ships, comes within the law for the suppression of the slave trade. The Attorney General drmdn» it does not. Washington, March 13. The War Department hiw received ad\i ces from Col. Johnson at Salt Lake, lie represents the army as healthy, and tiie Mormons very civil. Letters have also been received from Gov. Cummiugs. The report that the Mormons would not submit to tho civil authorities is untrue. ttPSu. The edi'or of a backwoods paper, commences a long political homily, with the startling assertion that tho President ^ias not managed affairs precisely as be would have done! No doubt the Presi dent will be sorry to hear it I From the States. Interesting Letter from Utrmaay. PERSONA!, REMINISCENCE OK WASIIIXHTOX. We have be^ favored with the follow ing extract from a letter written by an estimable and enlightened German gen tleman, now in his eighty-fourth year to his friend in this city. The writer is perhaps "the last of the barons''—the only individ ual living in cither hemisphere who enjoy ed the pleasure of the table, seated on the right hand of Washington. 'If wo arc mistaken in this supposition, wo will take pleasure in so stating when advised to the contrary. Although fifty eight years have elapsed since the good old German was last in this country yet we understand he has made it an invariable custom, ever since, to celebrate at his own house, our two great national holidays—the 4th of July aud 22d of February—annually.— An American in heart, though a foreign er by birth and allegiance, the interest which he manifests for our prosperous des tiny is calculated to produce a salutary in tluence upon the public mind. BRKMEN, Jan, 15. My DKAR SIR: I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 20th December, and avail myself of the first post to express my thanks for the in teresting intelligence which it comunicates. That wh ich affords me the most joy is the reference wade to the purchase, by Amer ican ladies, of Mount Vernon, the domes tic residence of the immortal Father of your great republic. The noble purpose of your fair countrywomen to rescue the hallowed spot upon which he passed the last days of his glorious life from further dilapidation, to preserve the unpretending old mansion from utter ruin, and to em hellish the grounds, is as praiseworthy and creditable to th3 Union as was that lofty patriotism which distinguished the Spartan mothers. May Almighty God bless them for this work of national grati tude—too long, alas I delayed by their fatherH, husbands, aud brothers. In my parlor is suspended an rngrav ingof Mount Vernon, nnd in my front hall a picture of General Washington, which embaraces Mis. Washington and Miss Custis. My eyes love to linger upon those faithful mementoes of other years. They vividly call to mind the day—the proudest day of iny life—that I passed upon the beautiful banks of the Patomac, iu the family of the best and greatest personage that the world has ever produced. It was in May, 179S, now ncraly sixty one years ago. I was sc.-ted nt his tight at dinner, and I recollect as distinctly his majestic bearing as if it were yesterday. Though of mortality bis overpowering presence in spired an impression that he belonged to imuioriaiity. His stateliness. his serene face, the perfect simplicity of his manners, his modest demeanor, and the word of wisdom which he uttered,led me irresisti bly to the boliuf that be was au emanation of the Omnipotent, for the marvelous work that he had then just cousu'iiate-d. It was my good fortune to contemplate him in his retirejient—after he ha left nothing undone that he could perform for the republic of his creation, aud after he had quilted oilice forever. What a priv ilege I enjoyed iu being his welcomed guest! Oi'tho 2 H,-03,00 of people in Europe I imagine 1 am the only person, sir.ee the death of Lafayette, who was so favored as to break bread aud take wine with him at his iwn table. May bis pare spirit guide y.-ur governme:.t, iu all com ing time, through any difficulties in which it may find itself encompassed! May his disinterested patri otism be emulated thro' countless generations by his successor in the Executive Mansion. The Presidential task, however beeomes more and more diilicu'it as your popula tion increases and you boundary extends. I thank you much for Mr. Buchanan's message. It is replete with information, such as we could expect from so experi enced and enlightened a statesman. It has been favorably received in Germa ny. But will Congress assist him in car rying out the measures which he proposes? The exercise of a controlling influence in Central America appears to be an absolute necessity tor your commercial intemouse with the Western States, as also the an nexation of Cuba and yet I think your republic wants no addition of territory, for the sake of territory. Formy part 1 liked your fifteen t'xmtn States, during my stay from IT'.ttj to 1800, much more than I do now your thirty two, with all the gold of California. But I will indulge in no gloomy forebodings, but, as ever, will im plore God to protect your Union, and bind its citizens together with cords of endur ring fraternal regard. P. B. KF.Y, the gentleman shot by Sickles in Washington was at one time a resident of Iowa, as appears by the follow ing record for the district court of Henry co. September term, 1842, which we find in the Juiirn il:— "Philip Barton Key, Esq., having pro duced his credentials of admission as an Attorney aud Counsellor at law, in the Su preme Court of the United Slates, and in the Circuit Court of the District of Coldin bia, is therefore admitted as an Attorney and Counselor at Law in this Court, and therefore was duly sworn as required by law." LKAVKNWOKTII, March 14 Governor Medary has issued a procla illation for an election on tho fourth Mon day in March, in accordance with the Act of ihe last Legislature, providing for the formation of a Constitution and State Gov ernment, for lvans.iH. Three months res idence prior to the election is requisite to a vote. Aliens having declared their in tentions of becoming citizens are qualified. J0U A provincial Mayor in one of tho departments in France has couie out with an epigram in the shape of notification "All beggars found in this district will be fined fifteen francs for the use of the poor. BtJ?" If twelve inches uiftke 0B« foot, hew many will wake a leg a & o En K.uilr for rtke'x Prnk Klrat (slim|^t of Sir St. Joseph, March 12,1859. Editors Press ami Tribvne: I arrived here on the 10th, after a te dious trip of thrco days. There are hun dreds coming on every train, and hundreds are here now. St. Joseph is a perfect jam, with "peak ers" and sharpers "lakin' 'em in," horses, mules, oxen, met), women, children, wag ons, wheelbarrows, ban!-carts, auctioneers, runnr-rs, stool pigeons, greenhorns, and everything nlss you can imagine, nnd a thousand other tilings your imagination will fail to conceive. Every thing is very high board at a "one horse" hotel $2,00 per day, and litttle rats of mules §150.— 1 he folk-, think the whole United States will be here in a few days. Ten days ago a man could iit out here at a reasonable rate. There are hundreds startii^ from here, but they are the poorest of creation. I would not have believed it, but it is a fact, that there are hundreds starting on foot, with nothing but a cotton sack and a few pounds of crackers and meat, ami many wilh hand carts and wheel barrows. There are expresses going out nearly every day but such expresses Four lit tle mules to one common Chicago wagon. I hey take one hundred pounds of baggage apeice for twelve men, and charge the tn $00 apeice for the privilege of wading after the wagon and pulling it out of the mud. I have done nothing yet hut sfir.d and look at the fun. I like to be here where every body is going with a rush, not knowing where or what for. That's fun. If I was at home, with my present ex perience and feelingB, I think I would stay there till better satisfied and you need not be surprised if I should bring this letter myself. 1 have not yet seen the first thing to serve as an anchor to the "hope within." NIMKOD. P. S.—I have just seen butler sold at 75c per pound. Thst's a specimen of the way we are gouged, Public Act* or Congresa. The following are among the more im portant "Public Acts" of the late session of Congress, giving the reader some little idea of what has been actually ine. For the admission of Oregon intcv the Union. To authorize settlers, upon 16th and 3Ctb sections, who settled before the surveys of the public lands, to pre-empt their settle ments. To provide for the payment of the claims of the State of Maine for expenses incur ed by that State in organizing a regiment of volunteers for the Mexican war. To incorporate the Washington Nation al Monument Society. To authorize the Attorney General represent the United States in the proceed ings inequity now pending iu the Supreme Court, between the commonwealth of Mas sachusetts and the State of Rhode Island aud Providence Plantations. Providing lor keeping an 1 distrubut ing all public doc .ments. Jlaking appropriations for the support of the Military Academy for the year end ing 0th of dune, 18ti0. Making appropriations for the current a'.d contingent expenses of the Indan De partment, and for fulfilling treaty sUpuh» lions with various Indian tribes, (or the year ending June 30, 1*60. To fix ai regulate the compensation 0" Receivers and Registers oftbe Land Of fices, under the provisions of the act ap proved April 20, 1818. For the punishment of the crime of for gery or counterfeiting military bounty land certificates of purchase, and receiv ers receipts. Act making appropriations for the leg islative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for the year cnd.ng June 33, ISfiO. Act supplementary to an "Act for the admission of the State of Minnesota into the Union. Act granting public lands to the sever al States which may provide colleges lor the benefit of agricultural and mechanic arte. (Vetoed by the President.) Extending the laws and the judicial sys tem of the United States to the State of Oregon, and other purposes. An act to carry into efleet tho Conven tion between the I'u itt4 States and China concluded November S, 1858. An act making appropriation for the support of the army for the year ending June 30, lStlO. Providing for the next census. teu" The Rev. Mr. Stone of the Park street church, iu Huston, being about to pass six months iu Europe, bade farewell to his cotigrcgatiou on Monduy evening.— The scene al parting is represented as af fecting—not to say tender—as he was kissed in turn by every woman in the con gregation, Some who were tr/y sorry, kissed their excellent pastor two or three tilllLS. K$f~ At a lecture lately delivered at Liv erpool, Eng., Lola Montc-r said if she was a man she would rather flirt with an Amer ican girl than a female of any other coun try. "You British men," said she, "think that courting in England is a delightful business, out a man who has never en gaged in that pastime iu Amorioa, don't begin to know anything about it!" The New York correspondent of the^'iston Transcript says that when Mrs. Kemble was asked her opinion of Mr. Beecher's style of oratory, she replied: "My father aud brother both studied for the church, aud then went to the stage Mr. lieecher seems adapted to the same change of vocation." 1 Tl.ey ha\e a German Morphy in the I invoi-sity city of Bonn, in Prussia. His iiamo is Berthold Sluhle, and his age lweuty-000 years. He recently played eight games at once, blindfolded, without losing a single one. tap" If brass will make a eaudls stiok, what will make oue Ut loots?