OCR Interpretation


Sioux City register. [volume] (Sioux City, Iowa) 1858-1871, March 03, 1866, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031042/1866-03-03/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

pr .fidc spring of raucTi error it may be
Urni remarked ia the misapprehension by
uiany of the object* of the war und the
uims bad in view by the manuiiiisstbu uf
of the freed man. 'flit coatruling rautive
will be found to* Imi »#lf prti-ierv^vm
rather than auy desirt to Henetii the he*
gro race, and interest to the whiles in
the sequel it events #i«i warrant thisoon
c'usiou. The !astU«tkri of slavery up to
the #ar had viltualty interdicted immi
gration, freedom of tpeech, independence
of thought degraded, as a pursuit tn*iu
taifttd an exclusive monopoly of the soil,
of the industry and resources of the ration
V»here 11 prevailed till this and ra was
tacibly acquired in until in a fit uf insane
arrogance mid insolence it strove to sub
ordinate the wh.Ue country to its power.
To the period of the war public ••jiiinn|,nt
was largely hi favor of confining ih insti
tuiiou to its acquired limits, and the Re**
publican* even by their platform at Chi
cago claimed no more and would have
been content with the concession of won
extension.
Mr. Lincoln, in his inaugural, protest
ed his purpurpose of non-interference
with the institution where it existed, and
this same policy was affirmed and reaf
firmed by the leading men of fhe party in
and out uf Cougres*. Slavery, however,
waged war. and and as a reprisal it whs
captured and crushed. Had ibis been the
steady growth and evolution of n moral
itifluft.ee, and a crurade from single
live# of ameliorating the condition of tne
poor oegro, and if elevating him to pu
litical privilege-* rather ihan the endeavor
of the whites to secure their liberties m.d
fortunes Openly invaded frim the usurpa
tion of slavery fir different nnd happier
results to ttie freedmen. from this triumph
miijht be predicted, a fur, however, from
the contest heing conducted fur principles
of unmixed philanthropy, il was a con
flict involving th* simple issue of the
inuMiteuance of the U*• and as to
whether t!ie v*tt body of the freemen of
the land, or the few oligarchs of tho
slave states, in subservience of their own
scheme* of aggritn lament and power
should Ml the government, slavery
wis the inMrun-Mil of their u-iholy ambi
tion an ilk'? tht» whole armament ot the
insurrectionist*, feii a pr:Kj lo our victo
ry, audits a pledge to th* comm n safety
and happiness its abolishment d*m Hided,
and is declared b* h*j vo.ee and act of
the people south as Well a* north. Here,
in, then, consists the fountain of so much
fa'se hope of those who agitate negro suf
fragu that they wholly mistake that which
was accomplished to save the government
when assailed to have been undertaken
and achieved for the sole objert of phil
anthropy. They confound the consequen
ces with the cause, hv miking that whvli
was purely defensive to preserve the life
of ihenati offensive to pr .cure the lib
eration of the blacks a* preliminary t»
t^ieir investiture of the elective franchise.
Puniic opinion I coclu 'e therefrom, so
far as it re-pccls the frm-dm-m, i* un
changed in either section of the country
—now at the close of the war frOin what
it was previously, and tliat a surprising
alteration must yet occur to place the sta
tus of the negro in advance of what it
now is, as Mr. Johnson define* it. the
liberty to work for th-mse've*, Thin is a
stubborn and incontrovertible fact how
ever painful it may appear Tt is I take
it a well established maxim of our gov
ernment as well as of the received opin
ion that suffrage is a political i»n] not
one of the natural and inalienable right*,
and that as an in operable onditi.m ac
companies its enjoyment and exercise it
that the voter jh ill poliess intelligence
sufficient to understand the oflL-e of thj
ballot and to wield the ^power it confers
with advantage to the funeral interest,
though exceptions to the rule, few in nuitt
bar, comparatively, may. a i exist
which all general piovisou* aeuewaiity
include.
There must Lc both maturity of under
standing nod familiarity with the duty.
Our naturalization laws intended as they
are to prepare the adieu to beneficially
exercise this prerogative are feuuded on
this sound theory. The exclusion of wj
taan and minors is traceable to the satuv
wirie principle who are cititens and beur
the burden of state without being permit
ted ty participate in the privileges of eliv
lion, common interest iJeniical with the
state and acquaintance with public affairs
and the principles of the government in
the mass, are cardinal and indis(etisible
qualifications, in all Republics it bus
been considered of vital necessi'y to sur
roui this privilege with every eufi-guard
againni its perversion ani abuse un 1 a
form of governmeot whone L'nduraiice ind
adHiimstraiion, is made depend O i its
honest Hud iiMeliigent use. N i precau
tion can be too circumspect. I i Athens
this right was confined to htr own ii.hab
itants and to sueh of then* only as were
capable and trustworthy and so impressed
weio her ':itu«u4 with her sacredness that
n Htranger could not attempt to exercise,
except upon the penalty ot death a* t-eas
onto the state** In Kiue it was long
guarded with limitations gradually expand
ed until it became the privilege of all Italy
wi ll reserved qualification uf iutelligeiiue
and apon this pobcy of partial *uiiV^gt she
rose to he Kuiriinit of supreme domi4ilu.
The partix in spirit of her leading tuin ls
(Viiatiy removed all reMraints and opened
every fljodjtaie nud the ptivii*gi became
'lmnoit li all She adjacent prov^ncis and
itufriciefl equally to onMrust, t^osiiJe and
favorable and in this iudi^criioinate f»re
trrmenl Home suslamed the loss of her
portion (run the chi-f tu the least among
the p«wers of the eardt. Faction, riot,
union, and despotism are descriptive of
her ihsequeiit history.
In Er gland th- property qnalifioation
is still retained. In the (Jnitud Scutes
popub sufTi-ug-, by all the stale cuosti'U
tton« to the period of 18JJ was eucum
•r t»d nud its wnjoyeient depended ou
stated property qn ilitjeation, since that
time elective fiancbise has been succes
sively btitt ide I and en!ari|td until it may
Le «a that universal suffrage is uoW«tin
Uioii to the states uf tb^ Union, tu vhe
rxten «id iaiprofed educational laciti
ti»s of widely established system of free
ahor-ls ani the circulation of a cheep
prese d^ we find ill propriety and law for
th» r«-l of the role, nowhere fbe
r-^'e, no «h t' in the known world
th« ttftporiuuiuee for rudimental kaowl*
edge ai 4 general information easier of
»eoMi Uuia viider mm goverumeeU
where are the provisions equally munifi
cent br equally availed of, and no pe |do
iildsttves the bent'fil-i uf education and
their uppreufi'ioti of its itnp triance to the
duuharge oJ the public duties «u happily
and so forcibly, us in the avtra.'Oenlighi
u»eia and loyalty of the American mmd
and heart. Ttie law uf universal suffrage
prevailing in our country is vindicate 1
this state of the publi# tniud '1
more general difTasiou of knHrledge hi
this age over tn it of our fathers. The
rule still has a common origin and the
same philosophy underlies it, for educa
««©u ot »amu degree is as strongly implt-ed
and as necessarily to be gathered lro.«» its
epirit as though it was expressly enacted
as a qualification and formt uot« of its
plain uiumlates. Motite^^ue in bis able
treatise on the spirit ol'law safely o*
serves tint in a republic the whole po*ver
of education u ne^dfid and tlitf ttiwtt
a part of our accepted faith and pra tico,
Wi.btbis Statement of general principles
and wiihjUt proceeding toInritiodetail lor
rca-ons or ex*tuple# on this h',»d let us
apply ibis familiar (taudard t# iImj freed
uien of the ^outU, and ascertain to what
extent they can answer this test of public
requirement-
It will bo nonced?d that freedmen who
have arrived at the maturity of under
standing would ba ihe sole class eligible
to this privilege if conferred. It is an
indisputable fact that tikis dast ai their
stage of life with tbe necessities to toil
for a livelihood, wuold be uuuble in the
very nature of the c*s- to avail any edu
cation tl advantages that might be extend
ed to them, and that therefore should tlley
exercise this privilege it uiu.^t be under
all the disabilities id a stale of slavery,
and their discretion and coinp-^taucy to
be measured by tbo effects ot slavery. At
the tune of the adoption of the national
constitution, there hsvl been imp-rted
and resi lent in the United States a hilt
a million of slaves. They now number
over ft or million*- -three millions of wh »m
have been augmented tvitlie numoer with
in the lust fifty years, notwithstanding
the embargo on the tralfic ot LiOS il is
evid.-nt from thi« v»-ry large increase in
so short a period that the bulk of this
population has been brought from Africa
in that tun In their nntiv w i-tes on
the coasts of Guinea these slaves w*r#
barbarians, has ferocious, in ire humane
and tractable than the Indians ot the
plains, but quite as uncivilized. Iheir
transition bus simply been a change ot
habits an! of country. I'o employ a
ure, they have been like the young ox
broken to toil and doomed to plod thro
bfo in the sam unbroken tenor. They
»ve been simply yoked to labor and n
fined and fed in the tr'Ugfi of slavery
1 heir humanity ignore i and e3teemed
chattel prop rty it will not be claimed
that the-e »»re envervating. humanizing
and elevating agencies 'Ibtir reasons
feeble in tho creation has rather hour, ira
paired by the vices, with the denial of tbe
virtueaof civ.In itio'i. Their animal facul
ties cultivated to the exclusion of the in
teileciual and intra', they are distinguish
ed from the brute creation but by tha up
turned counteuavjcc and imnrortal sp«:ik
which faintly euf.-rces th'jii itninily
victims of 'h'5 *.or»t ttt-, bcirs 'be
di^t obpression, burrieu in impenetrable
and irreco^eiuble ignorance, what other
hope can ihts poor people realize except
the mercy of their god and the ability
and privilege to hi.tnd accui'iri ut the bar
of eternal jastiee against their oppressors.
Slavery had its oigiu over this state of
hetple*sne»s and by a consistent adher
ence t» the causes that gained its just
mastery has it maintained us supremacy.
l'tiese logically and practicably w,*rrf
the slaves, now the freedmen of the cot
toa, rice and sugar Slates of the south
l'be freed men s bureau erected ostensibly
in- their inters-.t and mtnaged bfundjub
ted trieni's oft ha negro are unable toe n
ceal their dispair, and have I til*d lo lur
nish any different uppreei ition by the
freed in eu ot their tie* state of Iroedom
than that it means an exemption from
work. Vagrancy and idl •uq s are now as
much the charactoritu e of their present
aspect, as uidus'.ry and labor were of their
former relations. And so long as govern
ment continues lo supp'y them with rations
and raiment will w»i lojk in vtin for i
change lingular i»« it may appear
some, it yet entirely (ihilosopbieal, eiv
iiia-'d m^n liave been f"und lo en'eriain
as itbsord and vague ideas of tho term
liberty and we are run to expect proii
gies of' self sustaining and umpiring
manhood fro n slaves, no re than lo
snppos ih) wild lndinns ot the prairie
caDtble ot p.its ting th» chsse should Itia
arnMiiiies meet his tilissical wants 1 do
s o 4 o n i e o a U i a e o s a v e y u
eir greater than itself—to look t-a,ir. an a
sonree for thoss qualities and traits.of
character that are tl»e product of educa
tion and mutual sympathies—it is to look
trt barbarism for the highest athievmeiits
of civilization and Christianity. Will it
be itrsisted that such ure competent to
judicl nn'v ai»d understand!ngly weild the
nallot? To proper qualifiusiions for to
important a trust Khali I affront your in
telligence or impeach yoer integrity by
asking sueh a question.
I'o make.these laliti rations is to deny
td culture and revelation iteulf their a|i
proprinte VHIcacy, «n innovate upon »he
tundamental maxims of rupiriilies frosi
the eavliest to our o#n, to pronounce yuor
state and uationat endo^m^nt fur rduca
ttoiial irtfj'^t*, eiltrave^an4ini«ip|»licutioe
of the pubiie monies and to admit what
no human t-rfperi#ttee muthorized, that
slavery is a good pr»-p«ratory atictefor the
prudent fulfillment of the nigbe-t require
ments of independenco and citizenship.
It is no answer lo eay that minds mure
intelligent thwn (n»»«lia'tn will direct his
HCtion tor the ^eeurity »t' i-»j»iibir gover. juunt
v.nUi o:i llw It ne-ty, n ght'uuut st) I pi'fi
i«m ot iho indi-ilual e isoti r. N.» ing naitf
ut rea-ouing en dof ot the msnifci" e -no n
nlo i that tiiti tre^ilm^n otihe i-oatli »r« n t«rfv
unqu llfld t'- |».'li'lcil fiw.-r. It. is artfully
»nd auma y instaumd h-)we»e' aJoii l,
tn« ii-ea|iucily vl lh trcwlm in, thil unless
tnejF 14b uiu «his puii.ieai wer, l^ir liviss «ro
"V ii.izari and U U- by ar: aMrji- tbe he
iev«.-l .noe of m,ui is higtit to bo gilne«l that
whlcti ihi-ir j'ld^afrtiit »nd loyahy Would r«
j-ot.
I ouinot bah«vedo the eaur'.er or honcit.y of
tbore who u-a ibis cbum H' no he i 't'n
lwi« to s inia l^J it i'S a m:.Her b!c tu flimsy
eoutns a ce lo mi-le^J the phibuii'ifi.pm f.»r
ih«j misre en-!* ot'p ir»y u* nro«
leg in P» koefiiaf-tw«pote Wpiae« at il«t
coat uf mora »rt »iuii of life and grea'er
of QuuMfjr ou tbo cuuutry, I uut af-
1
1
ct to Vit'm Thnn othnr men thj eonlT
il*uC «u I ii-np :ct wliic'i pnl» ic truh'i n^iici*,
4«dd i, •id to pur ec-. indo of
ty w :t) ib'.r tiuu »f it- I cy iv.^l •.••{"10 ct
l.uiii i «, pur.iot .vlien »c'. n by ^iiiM nbid
mi 1'iiiiio to pn |«e andfsr»'o
a
m» I e.nl
bu
Aii«ft |ie-ra.Oce^eafy
rti it i#®",t)il
and p«r y ilcm.nation djtfcy 1N uu
l»e» iij,aiul ti.1 tatal 'i tli-- i^»re
(..oj .UHf iteudviTi whxt I a*k sbtll io i||| :lio
termer in i- er u eXo i, ti cuie CJ ii| jb'
VjI
bis
ifsce i in .in iN !iu-uri-.j lifi of Jkhi b'jM&iitn
pruned lh:ir oniatrC »"t ion. *!!.'sui3)^a«os
«re io oe Vi^»' in i-:or revenue,
u »r it parp.wes s r-Ti ixi^to l, w nl.I siitl
r»gd in a 111.1 of pliy icul coiutigu .n ren/t
bo nil uiii |lr) trituviio i, resell tin nts ttiere are
uouo, uuil wju i i-U'U,J injury be i»i nrebi-ndiid,
«-hj n.s abolished ttie »uVery und mn(^» uW
ac„ irrev.H
t»o:o
ma(4 ii^#l
by the cmC Tti in tUe aJ ipd n
of the o n*tiiu ioual ttin.-nd neot, forever pro
hibi nig invoiirttry sorvim njcx -oja tor erinio.
vecy *ou states py ib#ir tl«iiOff^U}
And Voliiii«ry i«.-gif,Utiwiii s I
I»y itii Hicru uii'l tx ctmive evi!s of the war
*,llc Uti^Iiiu it'.rili ju^ii iu wide s^reml dosolu
ti iU and t.imiiiO tinvu my le,trnnd. n,vu «vuu
ui.uy aid lan.ilicul S^ou.h C#rj,ina I lie puruul
uej'i, in*', treed oil af unrt-strmie-d a*
ilio wii.d- fur tin b,ucUs is tii. policy of i:
uie^t. i'liOj luve Mine duiel litiuiun boad
ag! hit ihoy .) bo 'oij^nseii by ihJ eu
b^'iio.iiJhl oi lie
ie i tho latids ihough
i.iiiuigrii'iob on I o i!i-irgeograibiou aitvaii
ti|{a- jiil improve! uiU*eot li.esoil oy voin
iuu'c a.d ni»:.ui.n.tu es ric uiq.iui andi i){
uu Ui ir si' er» ol lienor Ii fur uil 'Li e t
uieoiB ofti'j.tiin nud ••«cr tl-s nmlerraies
ilie iu e liifeiioj ol' ibe.^e- j»eoplu w«,o fjiis lo
MltnOate lucre to eompichvUl unit
tuie.-ea tbo ituiue oml uw.ti ii.eiu tjy tbetr
own ubjIi.-lonen'. of i-l iVtr). I t.ui in Ujcsc
tiiiii' ant! ol»jeci» so iiijCJ»ii by ittiy »wor ol
ro*.-o..iug i t.ut I po-s(\s ti hv-r ^ollM., .r piofl.
in iln.ii «t i ig cru^l'y to tfie tioe«Un.in. I ru
I'Cai. u is bin. the i vi\»nicai pi so :cj to ueceiw
tt.id by il .tcq iite Uuco.itiolab e punvei, lor
ciu»ivcly end*, ilut .'aiv
SJ
lha'.
tlie
tiovilinau are un r.is -d with -utfrago audt.ikr
Ii i .U.e«l5 f.r t!ie sake O t!u: 111(11 ry ihut
uiey uu cin.'-t'iit o i s piop. liiacnurge, we
win ttitt» beli-j-l »ii» piobnlilo i tfc^i. U|'on is ue
huu s ea MQd lU'liivotly upou all the alalia
coilecti Vi. ly.
1 he wiu ot 1SQ0 enUmates '.be entiro male
I pjpuia i"ii in tlie irec at white
itu til ilu ni.gr 'e- of ttie 'Uln anil boiler
stale* reatli ibe ntrgo uggroga'.u of wo milliouM
and iliiilt tho iS.n.u, in ilio cotton ami uce
duties In some cu-»eathe gio n.ti.e exo-edoti.c
white* Wi.i.c hi iicnrly u i liio uuuiber ot ne
|fi, lualcs the w itu nia.es. Ibis re uru
also furuisUes in?*triie i e and vaUiatil*- inf nn
a i u as lo how this uggre^sto is uppoiturned
uni u/ t'.e fro- slopes. 1 tiuve lukvii lite
iiouo.u to m*ke the coniputa i m, aid tiud
il al ol iijio c-u. o Iiuiu'rer 't ^5.14.' cfnido
iicg.ou iu ihj l^yila u.oa I.jre .tiobai tljin^
i l*o thousand in be entire alley of »h" Miss
iB'ippi and jiiicifie BtaiO nor of 'heO io
I nvei, mid turn of ihi* u iniliar, tweut)-aix
liousaud inhabit the ea iU ie^ oi OUiu, ln«li
hum, -tliU lliiti lo l-Mi'li liu* the »hi rivur, uud
i »i• (_».•
o tbusia'es ol N ir^iiiiti, K tnuky utid
i M.m uri- luaicating tbe pre eno- vf«:i uilii'Z
i iiig y ligbt, «i fpur.-ciy di- riMvef number
on ttie we-i ern »eervo- wild le«vi.ig lor ihe
wide hikI popuhuu rauite ot lVriiiory—.yi'ig
b.-'«we*n tb4 inogu4t.il.'* and ibe ony Mjum
tuius, ai-d our pacil'i: potwe*6ioo, -'tli wt
tbere .*ou ti jnj tuu itra-.s Ohi IIm i* and
liiilianu, tbj co'mpsrlt ivij'.y insigirri.'ant p
uiu ion ot cix twin i,-«l negro in few.
i wnen oamp^red ai ha numii.r at wni e
in--us in iluexL-nt oi.eoi|iHr, being i.pwjidc
et'l-'iir iniilian.H «nd .ji us u uiiihi I t" a
I pikuiiv-nl exvluaioo of tli ne^ro rai-.t ui ttin
reinttf,lvaiiis, N.-w Y'erk, N-w Jet
Seo lull, cimr, ivjij.ii, l-».-w i nrH, js .ier-
w
me
y, Coi.ne.-in-: and M-s^chuset-. where .U- l'«-
'gi-#f e oihuqaonoes o»
1 ituu pre.«n iy «nonaiiert,
Fioui ,bn li^ures q-iotel tr.»m the setith-irn
»tau-» by' Wiiici *c u*vc n uvertje i-.j-ndi y
ot nam bar of male* blaek »tm while enisi, u
is eeli cvule it il.hi to commi ind* inninniciy
tho el-ctive tranch mi to «he Ir^ di'ian 1 ilio
s null, ii o eiuwu.u Uio p^rani.inn'.
pililicai cya-ioi in lb *s no'e Vo ivp lit,-,
pittjhjr y-j a id l-tna*'b «»r-l n ibe li.«u i
uu n irmabl •, u id 'rally irrtMpjn»r le'la«^
a id tn s-.» t-»r rcver**! thi pe-ti,i ie a iiiu,
lo run ter i-to bUok-itia ruling, uud itic w) Hen
tlicrnrij..ci i»m ui*d by ibe uiu^g i i»ut, ti
i-iisii u iiw *ji«- icouits ol aunrc y, aiid it w«ti
b^l*ee.»ihe |-..cc'.
If w.t cao i sitfi'aga mico attain
el, iIk' at ipiiaiaoti of tills privilege inu-l
be billowed by rendining u ureptable lo
the Iree imau every other priviiiges in the
social i rder. The right to vote, implies
tho right to create and instruct rppres«n
tatives in their irame of the laws. (Jitis
euship includes more than the itonnuiil
ac'. of offering a judge of ihe polls ihe
folded ballot. legally-, Und necessarily
involves the idea of perfect ihtical equa
lily an4 it ougiit n to debar the spirit
1 ot social cquaii'y. Nor if 'he freed mail
possessHs that understanding of his new
prerogatives us his friends if honest must
believe fie has to uiake any conferencu of
the rigtu justifiable, then will h" insist
upon the largest, and most unrestrained
enjoyment his new piivilege. Is it tu
be supposed, tbnt the freeltnan, b^insj
numerically greater than their white
neighbors, wilt so far conde.sc mi i to sup
i
renter lis poliiical power, or his personal
iudt ycndence as to eXcUi le himself, or
liis caste, wh i to iy be competent to fill
olhces, legislative, ministerial or execu
tive, fr«MU all possession and enjoyment
of jb-.ou, To admlniater the fufictions of
the jadiciary—for there are a few lawyers
of ll.»* race —in the land to nit as jurors
iu tlie pr-iSMilini nt aud trial of their po!i
tioai, p-+er8 to
administer and execute the
varied 4ep»rt ohhiU of etnte government
their rights if admitted iu th one case,
extend^ to the whole scope uf right and
involves every implied power under them
0itr«*niranted witii politic..! domiwaney,
and discharging truste of honor, and con
denee, who shall wuhhoM from these
sovereigns tbe social privileges? to «hara
alike in your public and private fe-di-i
tit**, and to have this necessary aid in
their rnnr*l improvr-ment. (Jpou this.
bynoihrt»i* I k«0« of in rational ground,
all-things ft«ing equal, why the advocate?
of tbe claim of suffrage should regard
either their duty or their philauthrophy
subserved in their ost.-u«ibly sole aims to
lift up fallen humanity when thev have
given it political power and equality, and
yrt austerely disallow the most efficacious
of all elevating influences, social sympa
thise and social advantages. Ho who
claims the one as proper, and scouts the
ether as inndinissnble and improper, in
spite ef bis hypocracy, is an enemy of the
race despite bis protestation of unalloy
ed benevolence is he to be denoutieed as
with political duplicity. I affirm as a
pmtnlate as undeniable as holy writ, that
withoat the sooihI, the poliiieal rights are
worthless and that he wbo is denied, so
lely on the^anore of enter, participations
in-soemtf, is wanting in the essential ^le
rtiMtts nf mifnhood. and jvat self-respsctt
who, when invested with tbe pjwer, doej
-j-
1M
j| —npi •nmn
not necf ire wnr njfatnst tne mnn or srne
jation tliist w (ul i withhold fio u bun a
4J
e*3enn ii tJ his indepen fence.
N«at% we wanting in mi examph that
tuKrclat'ti will be asserted ky tbe^e^ca
,wti(^i lW bus the
i*er.
of
^il.»ytl"4»
tiOU| undergoing ihe of a ^i'V i^i
HJtt.between the mul uioei ftnd
the
atf^omable to the ict flint thf»\ilac|a
have Jyd no share in tha^aroiiitge,
4li|hj!0fr*ie ra iniigeinent 91 MfWirais eijft
ducted Ity the quadrouns uai octaroons.-—
I'hey have promulgated their res dve that
tbe liisparagetnenl shall cease, and that
the purity of their African blood tdmli no
lo*g«i
bV^rosbfibAd 4i»i ^ulr.tged by an
exclusive monopoly of mullatu govern
ment.
They will now have nil the control, as
iMf accitfnalalc# ietercst jdue to tliem^^u
account of pa*t exclusion, and will be
^taouaiiy iu the time tp ^yiu^ ajjb«X
have bei ii nominally tree in the time past,
liow the trial of arms upoti this question
will result, time only can disclose, but
there is in it an instructive warning, that
as truly as like effect toilnws like cause,
so surely will an antagonism, and war of
raced for the asceii ielicy, happ ru to the
:»o.uh, the instant we embark on this per
ilous and untried experiment, of giving to
the ignorant and depraved, soverign sway
in the ufl'airs of the-e s'ule*.
Luy ttie foundaiion of your schools
erect your churches, and commence you
benevolent work as wisdom diro/ts, it you
would have il durable and by christianiz
ing, and educating the minds ol thetisiug
gcneiajious of freedmen, build on these
elements una foundation, and then it'you
fiave ihe patience and inclination, may
you^witness ut once to the world, your sin
cerely and your singleness of purpns,
and the ailuinuienl ot your high and laud
able uims. And wl eu by culture you
have brought them to u level with our own
race, be prepared to admit tham to your
society—lor il would be cru'.'} und un
charitable in tbe extreme, to biiug them
to thai point of intelligence, wh-re your
social proscription, is applied, wojld ren
der theui the more sensitive lo the wrong
and produce in them but natural feelings
of repulsion and sbumc I protest, that
a pel fed and practical enjoyment uf po
litical lights involving also the necessa
ry idea ol' social rights and to confer the
one is to acquire the other or uecept war.
Around us on every side ami in every
lowuship ol li ve Ttrril.jry, even in distant
1'akota, Ibe aclitfoU and the sanctuary ue
to attest the imperative importance iu our
judgment, of education and religi ous faith
to aecure public rights and individual
protection, to rei.der the eiuz^n compe
tent to do justice to himseil, and to dis
charge those lespntisibi'ilies and duties
thai b* owes :o bis fellow man utid to the
i:ialiuiu jii ol his cuunlty. i be iVeedineii
i n i mailer woo tnuy be responsible for the
fact, or wl^erc the uccouiitabiiitv is to bn
reiuicrc ure immersed in ignorance and
ui.di.icpi.iiud iu moral principals. I ap-
1
very i ihe li.no ori*rxjf'i} tho wUuilifcr with last iihiU"J i
a ii fuou uf lUe federal eotii-tiiuiiwu, m, tmm i preOjuitnanl in oocicty, we should regard
w ulni. Hivu Imnis itie smith iig^reg^tu U,4'J00
uegrj ui.Ic-, und ttie.-e pritiv-'ipa ly to be IVund
along ibo rd Ii ics ef Marslmd nn 1 Dj!»
Wait ffj the trftd*? Ol k over Four
!nitli"U' of w hte iu ties "friis market du^
p.nity t»CiW.en the r«o», iu lbs free st* es,^,} t'aps toon to vie
:a i»c» a pen wukh
t.U(
candid mm to answer me,
in these stales, us sate, either properly or
life, or tbe smu-'tity id home.
&bali we ask our kindred and race,
though once toes now brothers, and per—
v.itb vich ol us in the
mi.,u
the
Motirou Djcuine iu gal­
lantry ulid deYolioU to Ibe old flag, SOjtl
to en marshaled »h nilder to sb u nei', as
iu the days ot yare, in maiuteuan^e of
our coiiiiimu i.a.luii klity, to it'.J r^o
»e«'iies of rapine, pidage, murder an i dis
oior, tioni lbs mule (-onteiiiplntiou of
we involunt iril.v st*udd r, and as surely i
iu the sequel overtake ourselves, as I be
spark tnut ignites y »n disia.it nutuojnal
pi-aine, bears bv switt end quiet aJv mj- i
cum ib« oill,i^irttiou to your vtv*y lire
sides? No, no there is something in
the very suggestion of suffrage for tbe i
o w n u e w u u i e n s u e v i i s u u i i i
to aUboueui in results, attended with
Mieh portents of wide-spread mischief
radical an upheaval of the social or
der, so rcpugu-tul to t.ie couin e no
tions of 4.-I11 itiai:ity and religion, as
to arou»c uur whole wioral sens« in oppu
sitiou, and Ui combine every patriot Iu the
i most stern and unyielding resistance
thanks to the common lon£*iy to tbe
credit of human uaturo be ilaaid to the
average intelligence of our voter* j^ln the
i glory of republican institutions, in duti
ful
then of tbe freedmen do prudence and
humanity suggest? The linu of demarc
ation nuw obliterated tliaA denoted the,
boundary of hlave and tVea territory,
seems destined to forevur remain the
northern Jiuiit of negro settlemeut. This
line is to negro the Rubicon, which no
prohibitory enactment forbids his pass
age, but uu interdict more stringent yet
than written Uw. Public sentiment has
declared ia *tTe«t this he shall not crop
wi'hiu this ideal Tine has be thus far fuuud
employment, but how much longer, n«w
that his freedom has baart decreed, is a
question for time to determine. As 1
iraue the course of imigratiou from its
point ot earliest departure on the sea
board, ttoith to ibis Masou aud Dixon's
hue, and follow it over valley and moun
tain nutiI we meet tho Pacific shore,
fail to observe that this race has except
in rare instances, accompanied the march
and in the large asgr»«gai» of millions
wbieh this vas. tract sustains, do they
stand in ttie proportion of' a siugle gritiu
to 1 he sands of the sea, and not unlike
its waif* do they ilUatrate publiu estima
tlou. Therefore only wlwre the wave of
slavery left theai unrecognisf*! nud on*
claimed do they continue to dwarf, shrink,
dfesolve and decay. N«r aeed I be re».
firrei to latitodu araa tXflaaati^Q of
respect for our lathers, utid the integ- and a state of iusulatioti from the world,
rity uf tbe Union they loft, such an in- will be be .confirmed by tbe rash and
congruous state of things is as distant of clash of conflicting iuterest tbe livalry
accomplishment as the most visionary
utopia, and that by the UeUestot thoio
btitutton and bv the voice of common
obedience to its direction. This question
wiil be referred first, wtanfC, if passion
and v.oleiice should ever prevail, it must
be Irfl at last to the untr*U»eleljiction of
the people of the Stales nvsj dire -tly in
tervsted, bcause most affected by the is
sue. For it is a fac4, beyond the power
of successful contradiction, that negro
I suffrags obtained over and against there
I monKiiancen ot the people of the 8o.utli
em Mates, vr .uld coniutue so long only as
the military brce req'iisin. to iniwiguratu
it, remained w.thin llieir corporate limits nut jusuficd
to give it ftupport. Whit disposition
1
this phem»menon7%r* in lian^a*,
sacribcus for troedom. were freest made,
and where|^e sigu^-'note yf tbe coining
of our late rebelliiflii w is fir* sounded, do
I find nn e*?enUpti to the rule, secured
from that dWV« 'o liberty, in,l its gov
Mnment ns^a stale in ilt^ liands of the
*«oweA .seperated on
ly by tie |p.sa|ffi ritrer ™ri its eastero
M»'%^»ikinTij|pfrr^ti^S»
slave Ter­
ritory ar.d the ^l tve el ite ol Arkansas,
with a s ol soitnbli to negro tabor and a
climate adapted to hisnttuF* ami habits.
So of ihe forty and fifty counties lying be
tween western slant of the"" lAlIfnafliee»A«
of the lew negroes both mail und female,
only fiOG in t"tal that are to be found with*
iu this state are they accredited to Leav
frnwprtb and the northern conrities of
K itisas where their owners of that day
b£ou*iU Miat JUwktjkaa ij »«il. ?i
tbem. S of Ohio of Indisiin. ot IHitiot«,
of New Jersey, oi New York, of Penntqs)
vania In those sections of the states where
representation ot the south inhibit and
predominate, rhere will you find collected
in greater excess the ti^jjro p6yulatiofi.
Lofus travel ovt-r in imngfnutioti this
extensive range of territory devoted to free I
labor uud examine in whnt re«peftt if any
tho condition of the negro north differs I
from h's fellow of the south First we
find a characteristic now common to bth
sections, his energies dnfHtertff* by the i
shackels of bondage and the rigili to
avail the proceeds of his toil, but hostility
to the race marked most cotispicionsly iu I
every department of life, differences in
decrees of intensity, but by all (ft-graded
with badges of uatural inferiority, the
^alllc stoic indifference to their fate, the
same contempt barring every door to as- 1
suciation and proscribing the genial
warmth of social interchange enter
your balls dedicated to pleasure, to instrn
lions aud recreation, and look in vain for
a lie ro participant —I enty your public
schools, no negro child is the recipient in
eoannou of tliu public bounty. 1 priss
your halls of justice, and the jury panels
are not checkered with a single dark or
mulatto hue, unn last iu search of equally
enter tbe temple appropriated to the wor-
ship uf the creator and judge of all and
here too I find the same ban imposed and
throughout all of the indications of so
ciety with the humble and tbe high, un
conlim to the private circle but in all
ihe varied as*emolage« and enjoyme.it of
men, do 1 lind the same cold and rigid
exclusion. And even iu thn rare in*ffc-i
ces which adoxon names will cover where
the half or fourth blood negro derives the
advantages of refined culture and adopts
some on* of the learned professi.m* of law,
divinity or mod cine, do I find bitii denied
co iit«nuiee and fellowship in the p-.irtitr- i
u-ar circle cf these poss^ssi n.
Are tliese harsh and pro^criptive umges
rtfeiuble to mere clor or divcr.-ity ot
race. 1 8tata but a fact known to eaeb
in ihisjroom I make no attempt to isti- I
fy it but from wha'.ev-r origin the-Nj
rttstricti'iiis of society urisf, dissemble
tbe faci as we may, do prwvnricuion enn
evade the couc'u-ion, and candot compels
us to confess to the feeling in v «r pf fhe
development, that ft is a tcpugnance
wh:cb we ive ot bevn uble to control
growing out of a dissimilarity as w .dl as
inleriority of »ce. lostinc'tvely and by
com ii»4i.icuiI.»i It -.* 2 r:^ arned
bis state of mind r.:,J cclitfiH 'towaHs
him in til. fiee tt »t an 1 ha* wis-'y re-
iraintd lVoin talk!tig up the ne-v a-socia-
lion tnat Oiings to hi n ii'» i-iiafige td t?o:.
i ditiou, iii,.i tint exo j«e him *o ,u r-j rigor
uf m* t-o i. Si,i!li th- n i Ktns line I
in ty we H-stime that the treednian will
wi*i reiiittiti U wha* clunge Will he now
bo all ca by th? nu-v r* i ons of
tilings i jau tl as the Ko^lth will be to
native .tiid
f'.re:gn em
of ll.e staple in the person of the stalwart
Atigk-Sa'ion, (iernian or Irish eminignnt
will he find a cluimant for his last re
source. S) this period of time have
luitch as any otbrr proiuuenl publ ic man i
toelevme tbe principles oT the Htpabl:-
can
party to govern the admin
istration—I allude to the Hon. Montgo
mery Blair, indicates
as
1
1
1
1
1
1
i
1
nig'-a.io.i, wb.i: are
these ugvtijies pro 'uce in w 'fare.
Natura'ly in lolen', with faculties iutpair
ed by lo :g servitude, ihe freedmen is ill
prepu cd to breast the i'ule full and Vigor
ous tint w.ll set in over thi« entire fec~
liou, and tj com pel* «i the #ei!-relian
entei pi ^iug, a-jtive and energetic labor i
that wiii now cuter to cuKivate' «nd de
velop these lands in tbfl sea of activity
thai will prevail, is he iu peril at every
iutljwing un I retl ient current The eir-*
cuiui .i ces of his !ituation will' all bo
changed. Instead of the tlu'I monotone
of a lam a|id feeble agricultural industry
of trade, the early find late tillage of the'
soil, the burn of tbo sliaii'i", the ld ize of
the forge, the din of tV.e workshop and
tue busy sounds and scenes of ail median
ical employment restricted to
thfe
labor
the
barriers uf slavery served as dykes against
these itidatncys, and with their removal
does be find hU helplessness thus arrsy
t*tt. To expect of ii'm fortitude and ca
pacity resist or that be will be adapted
lo bhu new einei'ijeiicicjS, is an expectation
liny experience that w.?
have^ Should be reuiaiu there Ik nothing
inose infiklUbly ccrtnin than tliat this race
will lumi&b iu their ulti:»i*»* fnfe a pir
ullel to the Indian of whom we will bnie
i
soon retaiued but the memorial, In the'
names cf cities uud states covering tbfi
sites of their former camp and wig-wam.
Here then is a field for the labor of tha
philautbrophUt, and duty calls to early I
action, what shall be done with him. One
of the most sbrewd observers of ihe age,
and a statesman of ability and exj.eri-
euce,
an eaiutsl advocate of emancipa
tion, and
vrho
1
has con^flbuted quite as
a
north
as
plan feasible and
huuieue, aud uie«ting tbe inierest black
and white equally, und so far a4 1 have
been able lo consider
receives my
a
tinent
sueh to
full
approbatioo end support.
On no subject perhaps does there exist
a greater unanimity ot sentiment iu the
pablic mind of the country south as wall
that which treats every
lishineiit of
es«ab*
loreigu dynasty on this con­
as
a schema for
tbe
be
er
ultimate sup­
pression of popular government and
as
opposed and expelled upon
first attempt by
of a free
tbe
aayntans viUi».U|J^*
people.
n view of iTiiii pop^, tfoefrine it mnj
be tfiken as a foivg ,n0 .jouclu-i.iii of our
governmental fffTify ^h«| ICtfUtinilban
will be forced abdtoute his imperial
ruIjp and a* a rt^i#lt to the -Urited States
in.mffectrig the restoration flif ril^ts to the
MSiixitta*. people *|ill I'SloW in \vlM»le or in
part the dfilpositfen of 'Mugrfco b^cur gov
ern neft. ""No HTire eligih'e nt than
MexiOO cOuld l|tchdMli tW civilizi
iioil%f 11»% ti^ftdfhienil iiniiy to
the siates, rW)
.j4ti-fly i-iliafiit and its re
semblance in teinperture and fusceptibili
ties of soil are physical features that giva
it pecular prominence for the purpose,
fcrfft iftva* k-tith ltie cttamltsir-df'fcn knfi*
inin fn her than ii place of exile. Here
might the freednian be transplanted with*'1'
advunt ago to both races—here removed
from tho dispv ageiuent- which- a| &
ciatioti witli the whites must ever entuil
jstnId. JtJic iiegrOiSj
Jbi Ajlc w aad «afeLeJP*~~
cesa mature and if capable become a sci ~u
w o y v i a e a e e i i i 4
ovcrnu)uiv
qf ills owq, ,udpnui#tefetl by
lis own caste, and protected bv the whole
pu#er trf"ouf'liatfcft well al'supp irfea
by it.MifU itfacquicod !*tnbi^ty,.be opeoetl
to the freedmati everj' occasion and 11UX7
illary tt his ele'vali ri to bt found' in ^tU
fullest puiiti'jak accunnanked -b? n!l lb«f
social rights and privileges if life—hero
might be foutidcd schools and homesteads
and a'i tbo opportunities of a new ooun—
try made available as much ta the negro
population as has been our Mijsusippi
I valley 10 tbe peasantry of our own and
loieigti land here might tbey 4eam and
i purse ail the, nits, employments and avo«
caiions ofcivihz.-d syco ty, attain the full
htcture of manhood and exemplify with"
out hindrance or restraint their capacity
as a p. ople for »elf government.
I'htir migration would not be attend
ed with half tbe peril, exposure, priva
I tions end lubor that is yearly undergone
by our own race in the east in passing
hither and locating in the west, or as
suif.'t-ed by cilizpuf) 111 tiieir animal mi
gration over the plains. Mexico would
te accessible to the freemen by old and
secure route*, and by coast and river con
nections. A co'ony atfording suerv a'»
tractions and uc«nririg their prosperity
unless wholly inditteront to thi-ir sH»a
lion and improvement could not fail to
cause a general exodus of negroes from
I a1! p'irts of tbe Uoii-n and ave us hap
pilv exempt fmm those feuds and itite
le eine w.ivh certiifi to aris* b«"vV»eu the
races in tbeir competition for the labor ef
the country. Tie* interest of this peopio
would be thereby consulted, humanity
subserved, and our nation mude p«rm^
n-'iifly h'irtrtonin)8 and bomoger.i'itts.—
Ikit *herev-*r tl it plan in the end mav
inaugurated, 1 n-n persuaded that th,'di«y
is not drstant When their removal wili He
demanded by as general an ecqniescofic*
in its necessity as from lime to time has
heen deemed nec-siry f.r the coram
repose and safety to remove from our
midst the Indian triSes With the whites
they in nc*ver asiimilite, and long
this incoinpatibi'tty remains mast they U4
distinct, antiigoni-.tie u id hostile wtifi 1,0
identity in interest and aims, the fertile
clement of new dissension and the ever
ready combustible iu ria4 to imperil
and enwrap our land in tbe eon'i'i^r«—
tion of fresh domestic quarrels. We
have no other light for onr guidance than
experience on this subject, «r»d ihat ex
perience ii* it in tileates antthing, des
it esfntlish the "Mitfiif" of an inem^d
ah!.* avi rsien tl.it rend -rs a'iv genuine
and la.-^ing unieii 'raison of Their e«)iid
tion imprac ica' 1", except through th^
channel of di.s-oi ia ion and sepera'e jpor
ernmetit. The father of the derleratton
of indopence, .Mr .JefT-rsoe, advised rh»ir
rem.iv.il when tliey w-.-re on'v oi.-e tenth
ot their preset!r rifirnh'T, in these impres
tive w cds: tf ir pi v«ie:«1 tiin moral
characters, onr happines and Ka:»iv df
niand their keperation or wors# Wni !o'
low If not ace mpli.-h. l.v the gein«r«
ous energies of onr nwn minds, then it
will be brcueht about t»v the bloodv pro
cess of St. l)omingo." \gain," savs Mr.
Jiff "rson, '-nothing is mue eertnilv wei«»
ten in the book of late than th.-vt tire ne
groes are to be fre1?. nor is it Ikw certain
that th0 two races equally free cinnot
live 111 tli! Same government. Nature,
habit, opinion4, »ve drawn indeliblw
lines of distinction between fhem It
is still in our power to direct the process
of eniatudp-i-ion and deportation and in
such clow ilc^ree thnt the evil will weaf
otf insensibly and their place }iPri
pa-sec filled up with free wbit^ f-iHoters.*
If on the contrary it is left to fbrce &•"
self, our human nature must shwd ler nt
the prospect held up Singul.-trlv and
solemnly piophetic is this languag^ indi
cating at once ihe evil and the complete
remdy. Near three-quarters of a cenhr*
ry have rolled over since these almost in
spired utterances fere breathed
4
1
By
their
venerable author. Since then Ibe1 evif
from A half tni!li.n has grown to in the
same area of country to lire frightful**
in'igiiitudo bf five millions,* nnd with i!f
growth has the divergence of the riees
beccmo more inveterate than snbduerf
with age. Tbe event of equal freedom
has brteu prophesied and fulfills. Shall
we supinely await that other calamity
foretold by Mr Jeff rson until in the war
of races for the ascendancy? The resi
due of our strength utid resources is swept
away with the subversive enrf'gy of the
avalanj-he. Hut 1 forbear to t:ix yout*
patience further It is desifable in evpnr
aspect of the ca.se that these States shotfldf*
be leadju-ted in the I'nion at the earlicsl5
utlaiiiable period. The consutut: .11 of
our (uthers has presented the mode
of*
tbeir admission. Over them has its gen'*1
ius cast, ibe mantle of amnesty, anil'1
around them the panophy of^ i:s j^rotee.
tion. At the common a'tar ohast«ne(l
and enlightened bv affi ctiun do they ro«*
ward the charity of liberty by ferv^tijT
vows of fealty and guarantees of un-'
•Werving friendship in peace, and firm
allegiance in war. Shall «yt ratify U|t
league and join tbe bonds?
w
HS^Por oh^ioe Cigars and Tubueeo^i
go to Ilowiao's Drug Store,,
MP Oviag to the great lengih «f Uu*.
Wx. E (11.KE30N S Address, our usual*
variety of lixml and niacellaaeoas it#«u|.
artorowdel oatjif thfjiwiue df ourpajfcr.'

xml | txt