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- THE ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JO'URMAl. SUNDAY, JANUARY 29. 1911.
New Mexico's Water Problem RRI6ATI0N BY PUMPING THE HOPE OF I GRANDE AND (If OTHER VALLEYS Future Farmer of New Mexico Around Deming Show That Land at Dollar and a Quarter What Has Been Done There Trip of Commercial Club to The trip of the delegation of the Albuquerque Commercial rllili to Iteming mi. I the Mlnibre vulley last Thursday lit rmiiitlit with tremendous rnmieqiiencc lit the valley of the Itlo IS ramie not only around Albuquerque, ttit from Simla Fe lo El Paso. Present conditions In the Wimble valley dlil not come, about In a day. There wire year of guessing and ex perimenting, and years of development in machinery. There were year uf discouragement for the far-seeing men who first thought seriously about lh! great hoily of water under the Mlmhrr plateau, anil comprehended dimly the thing that might be done with tt could It h raised to the sur face and applied to the desert. To day, fertile smiling farm are spring lug u Iter and there amid the me qulte; a hundred pumping plant are throwing the water Into ditches to hear the precious moisture to the field and meadows: hundred of farmers are corning In uiul land val ilea have risen anywhere from ,a hun dred ti five hundred per rent. The Mimbres valley li panned the ittage of experiment and pioneering and hua reached the stage of achieve tnent. i The Albuquerque men have return ed realizing fully that the problem has been solved for the agricultural development of this valley nronnd Al buquerque, Hut pa a member of the recursion party said yesterday, all the positive knowledge In the world will In n good utile it Im applied and put t work. It l now up to the Commercial Hub and to the people of thl rlty ami the vulley land adjoin ing to put their knowledge io work. Jt In fay t') sum nr the net result if the trip. Th Albuquerque men hvt learned that water may be VU'"l'd nearly eighty reel lo the atir fae at n coat of tt dollar and a quar ter per ucrr per year: 2S cent an acre Iter irrigation and five Irrigation. -At tireieril It cost $2, GO an acre, to, net water on the land Of this valley. Here the water would have lo be puntM-d but half or third of thu average of i feet in the Mimhro,, valley; the work of Hearing the html Im much easier than In the niisqulle thicket of the Drilling country. Naphtha, gasoline, crude, oil, electricity, Albu querque can get all of them a Vhenp Jy ai Deming The Individual pump ing plant ninkea the farmer ahxolute Vv Independent of the vlver flow and Independent of the Irrigation of bin neighbors. It la the Meal method; Albuqurrqii,. hat thu water ami the land, and certainly we ouulit to be able to rustle 11 b much us the plucky and persistent rltlr.cn of Iteming and the Minibus valley HIIT Al lltyt I IWI . THIXKH OF Till; HHCTHN. fleorge. I,. Ilrooka of t till city, who Kiink a deep ell and installed a pump in lb-mini! In 14 was one of the mi'Kt Int created member or the exour toon party from this city. Mr. lirnoke licfHoiinlly closs-cxamlncd each fann er whoHe ilant wn visited and took down a note book full ol' evnet nod otnpbir data which he Ik now tubulating- Mr. t'.rnoks Im a . i.nscrvnth e business iimn but he I -iiMnixli(tti- In hi summing up of the results of the trip. . "A a riNiilt of this trip." t.ml Mr Ptoul,. veslordni. fully believe that the problem ol li i lun t Iiik lu the Ulo 'iraiidc valley la coiiiplctck solved u tar n loiic.iii the flat html of the ureal valley Irom west ul Saulii Fe t Fl Pino. 11 1 Ik Ik a awceplng Htnle. liient but nlu n yon come to look Into I!, H l n true iliiteinent. It ail cornea down t.. latiKllde riuilrek which may b klaapeil liy anyone; In the .MIuilireM llev, t.- iiumphig a inu.lt neater belpltt tllilll I. nee.niirv here, thee tall. !ia Ui'iiitiiel iat.-il b (lie lu iiilnii people. liHKale tle tiniea h aeuw.ii at IT cnit an aire etcrv tim.. 't'lila luakcH H "' an a1 re a tear In' Colo ' A'it?rr'- V :.'-; y-4h4 '.',V Z , r,Y 'ft K k - , ; fijf - ; ; - --.' :';.:; I i p' J V-:: "f,;:..-: i " r4 ' 'J J ' : ''t':',v ".' " K' l - I - t J . - ' ... ... . V I. ... II" t'" ltrltiou ruiUtliig Main in Muiibrr Vgtle Solved in Valley o f Mimbres River Must Be an Engineer; Men Water Can Be Pumped on an Acre for the Season and Can Be Done Here; Results of Be of Tremendous Importance rado 'and elsewhere where the farm era pay for their water I timleratand they pay from $2.50 to 11.0(1 per ncre. Here, tinleaa we work on the dlttdtea, our coit la 12 5n an acre. If they can Irrigate for half that aum In tht? Mlm. brea valley, we t an do It here. There U Ihe whole thing In a nutshell. Now the propoaltlon la to go ahead and do It. , The thlnga we learned by person al olmervatlon down there open up it tremendoua proapect In the whole atitle! hut the point la that what l done down there completely aolvea our own problem here." lIverylxMly FjiiIiiim'm. Kvery member of the party la fully UK entlitmlaatli' n Mr, Ilrooka. Vol ume of printed matter do not mean a much lo the ordinary man na "act ing the good." Fifteen hundred gal lon a minute of cryatnl freah, nft, xwcet Water boiling out the einl of u ten-Inch pipe and apluahlng down the Irrigation tlitt he like a mill race, la a Might (o aee; It la much more apec laciilar when iicro the line fence there are acre of thorny tiieaiiilte and ange IuiihIi and greaaewootl, dry and btlHlered anil forlilddlng, but with toll fertile eiiotikh to ralae anything on earth, If water la applied to It. In the Mlmbrea valluy lh conventional farmer'a coattirne haj given place to the greasy overulla and cup of the moehniile; he let electricity and oil do bis farming for him. The cvcuralon wna u moat valuable one In every way and the nggreaalve tnethnilM ami energy of the liemliig inert have fumlalied nil object leaaon which will go n long way toward bet ter united action on the part of the Albuquerque I'ommerMal club. What Albuquerque Learned at Deming That water can be pumped 7S feet out of the ground at a, coat of $l.2i mi litre per Kcattoit. That one pumping plant will Initiate Irom 1n to 20 acre. That a farmer can apend $.'!,00H to it. 000 liiKtnUliig liia plant, lrrl- gate by imiplim and clean up good profits. Thul, pumping from an aver- age depth of Home 45 feet, the funnels In the Mlmbrea valley ii vera ge hardly over $l.5t) per acre per acnaon cost of Irrigation. That Iteming ts one of the cleanest, most aUiuctlve, most progressive tun) moat cuterprla- lug towns In the southwest. That the citizens of Iteming bate inaatered u brand of team work that i a mint be approached In New Mexico. Alfalfa. , i' t , ' , , , 1 5 V (I ' , , , ,k U , r , - v- . . ' - :. - '".' -! ' ; i . . ,-, . "' . y ii - ,.....' ' : " . - . wt. j ... ... . .t'' . . . .:: . '. v- I ttm f -' - 1nT . n iTWIM 111 I 1 - II 1 I" ..1 , ' 7 ,7frT m - ,HiWili WIIIM ( s- KOV IIKIMOIKK.' Foruicr hci rcluiy uiul KlrPt tor, Ucniliig t IiiiiiiImt or oiiinicrt i'. I'lihlitlicr of Ki-iiiing ll(Mtlllglit niitl able llitoxlcr. F Aprn nr immphp uniiMULu ur ii PLANT Iff CUTTER FIRED FIRSTTIfflESATURDAy Erected at Expense of $150,000 ment Is Completed in Ten Months From Time of Incorpora tion of Company; Albuquerque Firms Get Big Slice of Con struction Cost and Operation of Plant Will Be Big Impetus to General Mining Development of Central New Mexico. IMpei'lul lllinlili lu llir Morula .lmirnil Culler, .V M Jan. as. With the riling up of the big furaneca of lite oxide plant of the Vanadium Mines company here today, comeg tlm con summation of the , largest and most important mining ehterprlsea In the. territory of New Mexico. All records for rapid construction are broken. JuhI ten montlm from the flat,, of the flial Incorpoi iitlon of the company the completed plant, erected at a cost of over $l,",0,t)H0, Is in oiieralloii reudy to turn out from I.0IWI to 4, OttO pounds - of oxttle ami d, flao pound lend sulphate dully. The i amount of w ork (lone hy the big plant depend, at present on Ihe t opacity of the concentrator which feed It and the output will be gradually In creithcd. The company ha In Its mines, fourteen nillca from Cutter, n supply of ore rich in thu valuable mineral ntul In lead which ix prac tically unlimited. There la no doubt that this Is therefore one of the moHt pel ioniu m end Important mining en terprise ever Inaugurated lu the ter ritory. A notable leuturti of the en terprise IN that Ml per cent of the cost of construction ha paid for New Mexico labor uiul nititerlal.s; the niliu a and the oxide plant will give ateatly employment to large number of men and there la not a particle of doubt Hint Cutter In the course of the next two yen I'M will develop tutu one of the thriving little titles of central New Mexico. Klahorate plans for the nccoliiiun ilatlon of the small itrmy of employes and the ncm leu for a model minion city are being considered by the com pany which, however. Is not yet ready to Ktat,. Its pliins'ln detail. The work ha been done under the I'lt'ltl on tuliii II inul a Hum Ii near '"','i "-I -:. Is r E IIIUOE Great Industrial Establish general aitpervlHiun of S. Dleselicr & Sops of I'lltahurg, consulting engi neers, Mr. Dieacher being on the ground this, week lo oversee the com mencement of operation. The gen eral contract, Inliiding the principal structural feature) of the Immenao building; was awarded Contractor Frank A. Stephens of Albuquerque. The building I atructurully massive nnil hiiIIiI mm n rock, and as one man expressed it, ynn. "could run a train oT !;is all over the roof and never feaxe her." At- e- Mr. f,teph''T1 ha been on the ground most ui tl(c tliVie for never 1 month past atul will leavo for Albu querque the llrat of the week after hi .men have ' added the finishing touchi a. M. Nash of the Nash Elec trical company of Albuquerque I Inst completing the tntiillu,tlon of tho dynamo for lighting thu plant ami stringing tho aeorea of high pow er tungsten lamp which will Illumi nate the place ill night. Yesterday the echoes were awak cneil for the first time by thu blast of the whistle which wa in place and milking a noise not twenty minute after It arrived at Cutter by express; druse volume of anioUe hnvo been pouring out of the furnace all day nnd the olot'trlcul plant broke record in tills line of work by running smoothly ami without a hitch tho minute the stenm wa turned Into the cylinder. The stone n nd , cement work wa done by Ouulanm ntul Delfliio. Klsht or ten ' thousand dollar' worth of lumber, practlcnlly all of the lumber used. Is s furnished by the American Lumber company of Albu querque ami I the best of that firm's excellent product of native pine, ' X. lhqulng, IW-sVvisjr, at... ( .V ' :. ' '4 v n Inltitlou by l'uinplna ou Ucwutlful Taylor laria Mluibm Vallej. N.nlmiih k Son vt I'iitsburs huve installed the five big furnaces and the massive brick stack, rive of which rise to a height of om seventy-five, feet. The slacks arc reinforced and banded heavily with iron. Mr. Nai smilh of the rittslwrg firm, who has been on the giound during the build ing of the furnaces. Is Mill here watching the firing up. Yestcraa the fires were also started under tho big holler which aupplic) ateam for pumping, for the compresaer, far mix ing the contents of the bite tank and other minor ervlt,e ubout the place. The Colorado Lead woiks of Denver has the contract for the lend work, the. cost of thla branch of construc tion being something like $22,000. tend half an Inch in thickness U used ir lining the large vats and tub and for piping. 'The National Foundry company and the Albuquerque Foundry company of Albuquerque assisted lu the construc tion work. Will Kin ploy I-argc I'ortv. When In Toll Mast the oxide plant will employ ninety to 100 men on the day shift and from sixty to ieventy five men at night, therp being ft to tal of company employe , of Mime li'.O men. - . The entire plant 1 ctn.loe.cd In. n high and strong fence eleven fuel high, with eight-Inch posts, the whole surmounted by a barbed wire two strand fence. . The . fence . encloses 150,000 square feet of ground, the buildings In the Inclosure being the main plant. 174x192 feet, an office building, a bunk house to accommo date about thirty laborers, this build ing being 60x20 feet in dimensions, a laboratory, shops ami other build ings. A force of well drillers Is now at work on a well which has already been driven S00 feet and which will develop an adequate supply of water for the plunt.. ... Two spurs from the Santa Fo rail way run Into the building, one to tin load the fifty ton of cool a day used for the plant and other supplies; the other to bring In the sulphuric acid, manufactured by the Gnneral Chemi cal company of San Francisco, sev eral tons a day being used in the plant. There are now on this siding sev eral tank cars containing hundreds of ton of sulphuric acid. .Three large Iron ncld tanks each with n capacity of )D0 tons are being completed on a high trestlework ndjolnlng the main building. Steam from the boiler I used In unloading tht? acid. A wa ter standplpo twenty feet In diameter and fifty-six feet high, will furnish the water pressure for the use of the plant and for tire protection. Rigid precautions ngulnsl fir will be ob served and no employe or visitor has been allowed to smoke Inside the grounds since the work started. ' The Trot. The oxide process i a compara, lively lmplo one. The ore Is first dumped into a battery of three large leaching tub, sulphuric acid and water being added and the whole churned thoroughly by hundreds of tiny jets of steam from a network of lend pipe. Tho sulphuric, odd and water when drained off carries the vanadium with It; the remaining lead sulphttte, unchanged, is conveyed Into another set of huge tanks or vats where It I dried out. The lead sul phate. In the form of a powder, it 1 said, is practically ready for una In Ihe manufacture of paint nnd It Is un derstood representatives of big paint companies are members of tho com pany. The vanadium liquor ts con veyed to a third set of vat whence It Is siphoned to the furnftnea. Evap orated and roasted the resulting oxide 1 a powder, 35 per cent vanadium oxldo, which la shipped to Pittsburg and reduced to the form of ferro va nadium. Vanadium, when combined with about five pounds to the ton of steel, greatly increase Us hardness and toughness and it Is coming Into use as an Ingredient for high apeed steel requiring lightness ami high tensile strength; part o'f locomotives and au tomobiles and similar work nnd In the manufacture of armor plate, it will likely goon come Into general use In making steel rails. Tht; only place where vanadium 1 mixed in quantity In this country Is lit Itoulder. Colo., nlthuogh It exists elsewhere nnd the Vnnadlum (Jttcen Mining company of Sierra county re ports a big vein of the ore on it hold ings. The only other plant for the treatment of the orP In tl' country I understood to be a small one In Frnnsylvnnhi owned by the steel peo ple. . The market, price of vanadium is about JI.CO a pound. .Thf leild sulphate. It 1 estimated, will be valuable enough to pay for Ihe vanadium process and Ihe com pany figure on a basis (if about $100 Iter ton vanadium out of Its ore. The hitler i very beautiful, stuff even to the ee of the Inexperienced and a trip to the mines In the com pany's sneedy automobile 1 very In teresting. The main workings are about a done ii miles from Cutter In the foothill, the deepest shaft, etng 1S.1 feel, -while there are thousands of feet of tunnel with an apparently Inexhaustible supply of vanadium bearing ore. At the main shaft a htrge number of miner are at work in thu . level under Superintendent (If lines with a big hoist and coin preser running steadily, Kverthlng Is run by elettlical pow er from a power plaat several miles "y i ,if ft-1 t- Welt on Shull Farm in the Mimbres Valley from tlM' mines, where', a- 200 horse power Monarch-Corliss engine, made especially for the company, In Kan sas City, runs a big dynamo, the power plant with Its water supply from adjoining wells being a model of its kind. At the power plant Is a powerful pump whlclj throws a tri fle over 100 gallon per minute and which force the water 'from a reser voir over the hills to tho mines ami concentrator. The well develop water at a depth of about eighty feet. The electric power is transmitted to tho hoist and to the concentrator a mile further down over a transmis sion line. The power plunt repre sents an outlay of something like $30,000. The concentrator, the old Victoria chief mill, surrounded by a'fnir sized village of employes' house well up in a canyon, contains six Wlli'ley tables, four vanners, four slime tables, set tling lanks and rolls, all operated by electric power, the plant representing an expenditure of $25,000. The ca pacity of the concentrator Is fifty to 100 tons per day. The ore Is hauled over a good road, built by the com pany, over to the concentrator and the concentrates are hauled from the mill to the oxide plant. The com pany is considering the Installation of motor trucks to haul in the concen trates. . Everything I activity now at Cut ter and this vicinity promise to con tinue for an indefinite time., There Is now a station, commodious store, hotel building, containing offices of the Vnnadlum Mine company. . and the Cutter Townslte company, post office, stores, saloon and several houses with new ones springing up from time to time. . There is no doubt that since the company has demon strated that it means buslnes by this heavy investment at Cutter, the Santa Fe company will take steps to Im prove Its service here, Including the erection of a new depot which Is. rapidly becoming a necessity to Agent Witmer and the public, it Is possible that as the mining industry develops in the mountains a railroad spur will be built although the pres ent tonnage would not warrant such a step. The oxide plant of the Vanadium Mines company Is undoubtedly the largest mining plant In New Mexico. It represents a great new Industry for New Mexico, based on the value of a mineral which for years has been disregarded V5' the, ordinary- prospec tor or mining man. This section has the distinction"'', of' having the only plant of the kind in the west and the largest known supply of the vanadium bearing ore in the country. The en terprise here Is backed by heavy east ern Interests, the altitude of whose capital was effectively .demonstrated by the remarkable rapidity with which the oxide plnnt was put up. James (?ray, an experienced man from Pittsburg, 1 tho superintendent of the plant, and many of his em ployes and thoso working on the con struction are - Plttsburgcrs. Presi dent A. B. M. Hement and Vice Presi dent Bonlts of the company have been at Cutter most of the time dur ing which construction has been In progress. A party of utockholtlers and eastern steel men is expected to arrive on the ground In a few weeks to see the plant running full blast. Mining Engineer Pu 111am of Cana da, representing English capital, has been, inspecting the company's prop erties here. He lias been all through Ihe mining country of southern Arl r.onn, Orant county and other parts of southern New Mexico from hero goes to look over what 1 being done and. what i possible in the ltlack Hang,) and lllllsborq districts. Show Places of Great Plateau Surrounding Deming Rival Best Farms of the Middle West. The city of Dealing, New Mexico, Is not much longer to be called the "Windmill City;" the windmills are disappearing and the chug, chug of the gas engine and the whir uf the motor uro now heard in the land. Deming owes largely hr present pro petily and rapid growth to orgunlzed team work by the cltlacn. The Deming Chomlier of Commerce is only eight months of age. In that period It has done more than many i.imllur organisations of several years' Ntnndlng. Ralph C. Ely was, until recently, president and Koy ISedlchek secretary, and under the leadership of these men it did wonders for the city of Doming and the Mimbres val ley. A. W. Pollard, district attorney, former member of the legislature, prominent and successful cltl'.en. I president ami no better man eoutd have been chosen to keep up and exceed the pace set by that vet eran booster, Ely. Pollard, who came lo New Mexico not so many year aim when ho one would give s fig for hi life, hit won buck health am! made his fortune here, but by sheer grit, stlcktettlvcues an, natural abllluy. II now has one of the handsoimfct homes in New Mexico and Is typical Jf the successful and useful citizenship of Deming and Luna county. Jesse Mitchell hit stepped lino Hedlcheli- shoe as secretary and 1 worthy successor. There are net- bout 120 members of the club arid vcry out an ayrctiiv workr, h4. PUSH liftS III ion WINDMILL CITY It l&j , EDITOlt V. E. 1IOI.T, or the milling titaplilc, Human p,. initio of the Mimbres Valley. , ItAU'H C. E1,V, Former President nnd Director Dew ing Chamber of Commerce, Fath er of all lltxistcr In Denting. sides First Vice President John iVf" bett and Seeofid-'vlce PfesidcnrJCT Molr, the other directors are-e 0." Lester, who Is also treasurer; Jahn Mund, the nestor of pumping for lr rluaton in the valley; C. J. ltiuglirell, VV. E. Molt and Roy Itedlchek, liy the us of the 'follow-up" sy tern this aggregation of boosters lw spent from $100 to $500 a month fn advertising this section and Retting new cltlzcim and has sent out from 3, 000 to 5,000 letters and pamphlets monthly, The Deming Chamber of Commerce has demonstrated wonder fully the results possible to n perfect ly organized compact united hotly ( citizens who believe thoroughly In what they have to offer, who Ituva succeeded themselves, and want oth er to come and enjoy the saint) op portunities ami help develop the tre mendous resources of their section. The Atlelph! club, maintained by the citizens of Deming Is n model of Its kind and a credit to the city. It has numerous large mid tuia moilioiis rooms, with rending labM and plenty of literature, billliinl rooms, perfectly equipped gymnasium and other itccetsoiies. It formed " pleasant haven for the tired AH'" querqucaiiN during the very brief in tervals of the tiny When they were allowed lo sll down and tako a liiculli There Is probably in, town In Hi southwest where citizens' ten in wm k has accomplished such results as 1" Deming. The Impress of the walk l evident everywhere; everything" l bright ami cheery and business-like, the 'stores ami offices are modern I" appearance, the public buihllnus ii re splendid and homes cozy and comfort able, ami everywhere . there are tit same evidences of thrift and prosper ity and business). There Is an "I'1' mistic atmosphere in the town which you feel the moment you get off H train. The streets are wide ami laid out, everything I clean and shin ing and you can almost hear the tele phone pole saying, "floost!" The new I.unn coitntc roiirl house. erected al a cost of Jio.OOO, Is "lie of the finest public building -In- southwest, centrally located In an i'"" posing position, l'jclng one of the main streets. It Is nroliitecturully linial iiimi'. trimmed with native cut snaie. quarries of which eslst a few- mile' from the city. While the pri sent hi hool house i a fine building. It I behind the ncc'le. and acccrilliigly work has hesu" '" a new hlKh school building which cost $42,0(10, nnd which will he of a small university with imlustiltt' and domestic science work ami "J'101 branches of modern education. The arc moving now Into a brand i,fl hospital building maintained by ladles' Hospital- association hi" when fully equipped,- will coot fa".' $13,000. It 1h Interesting to find Hi"1 !! Deming they don't "vote again"' something exemplified lu the vote t the new. high school and on the l""" posed sewer system which whi e1"1 $11,000. When a vole was taken t"1 the sewer bom Issue It was una'"' mou.. To be exact, there weic H vote against, but II is all the sain The sewer system will be Installed for- the end of the present year aa will be modern. i u Deming believes hi good road. Has good roads and has jgHt-i'ompl" (Continued l'e tolutun I ) fcr t v 9 "it K.i - I.'A ': V - ) -Its . ''-' J 'Vj