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Albuquerque morning journal. [volume] (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926, February 23, 1911, Image 1

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By Mall II Ota. Month) 8lgto Co- a, I
By Carrier. 60 cents
Sons of American Revolution
Wire Emphatic Denial of Ri
diculous Story of Vote Sup
Would Court Investigation but
for Fact It Means Fatal Delay
In Admission to Union at This
"We, the members of the New
Mexico Society of the Sons of
the American Revolution, in an-
nunl meeting acsembled at Al-
buquerque, the largest city of
the territory, assert positively
that the election upon the rati-
fkatlon of the constitution of
New Mexico, so far as we had
personal opportunity to observe,
and all of us had such oppor-
lunlty, was free from intimlda-
Hon, bribery, violence or fraud
that ballots against the constitu-
tlon were to be hud at the poll-
lug places; that saloons were not
open during the election, and
that this applies especially to
t Bernalillo county, where the
most of us now present reside;
and further, that from all In-
formation we have, the name
conditions prevailed generally
throughout the territory. We
point to the details of the vote
us canvassed to show that in
every county there was a sub-
stuntiul vote against the constl-
tution, Indicating that there was
ample opportunity for those op-
posed to cast their ballots. Wo
would court the fullest possible
Investigation of any such charges
if It would not Involve delay In
our admission, but we protest
against anything which will
cause delay In ' tho recognition
t of our rights and tho realization
of our hopes.
New Mexico Society Sons of
American Revolution,
. President.
ALLEN F. PECK, Secretary.
The foregoing telegram was sent
last evening to Chairman E. L. Ham
ilton of the committee on territories
of the house of representatives and to
Delegate in Congress W. H. Andrews
at Washington. Tho framing of this
messago was the principal business at
Hie annual meeting of the Now Mexico
Society of the Sons of the American
Revolution, held at noon yesterday at
the Hotel Alvarado. There was not a
(ilsrenting vote against tho transmis
sion of tho telegram and a general
spirit of indignation marked the cx
- Undi d discussion of the situation by
the members of the society, including
tome of the most prominent and rep
tesentative citizens of AlbtKiueniue.
The resolution was drawn up by a.
committee, consisting of Judge. Ira A.
Abbott of the district court and At
torney General of New Mexico Frank
W. Clancy, and Us reading was greet
ed with vociferous applause. The
outgoing president of the society, Dr.
Juhn W. Elder, mayor of Albuquer
que, brought up the matter shortly
ufter the annual meeting Dad been
called to order and the preliminary
reports were out of the way. 'lhe
mayor set the ball rolling by reading
a telegram from Delegate W. H. An
drews, as follows:
"Washington, D. C, Feb. 22.
"Dr. J. w. Elder, Mayor, Albuuuer
iue, N. M.
"As 1 wired you yesterday every
thing is eliminated but the charge,
and it is now becoming national In
mono, that the election for the ratl
nVatlon of the constitution held on
January 21 was lllegul and void, for
the rea-on that ballots against the
constitution were not at the polling
plates, and lluit the saloons, were wld.
open and that the election was con
prevent the people from voting against
the constitution. Have the affidavits
iliiir and explicit, and it Is well to
Rive th standing of persons making
mime. I would like copies of all affi
davits. Of course, the originals go
to Hun. E. U Hamilton, chairman of
the committee on territories' of house.
As I wired you yesterday, all affi
davits mailed up to and including to
morrow Thursday, will reach here by
Monday, but get as many off today
you can.
Dr. Elder read the second time the
clause In the first part of the tele
gram, relating to the "only charge
l('ft." Its reading was greeted with
laughter, changing quickly to Indigna
tion, and In a few minutes several
wntlemen were on their feet to pro
test. Judge Abbott stated that he had
lived for many years In New England
nd to the best of his knowledge
"over knew of a freer or fairer elec
tion than the one at which New Mex
ico ratified her constitution. When
.It wus-suggested by Pitt Ross that
N-IY Mexico should not put herself
In tlW attitude of refusing an Investi
gation. George S. Klock expressed
the sentiment of practically all ;rcs-1
ent that delay and Investigation Just
at this time is exactly what New
Mexico cannot risk, as H is certain
to mean the defeat of any possibility
of statehood at the present session.
"Now Is the time to act. as did the
minute men at Lexington and Con
cord," said Mr. Klock. "We know
that no intimidation, bribery, fraud
or violence was used at this election.
We have been delayed and investigat
ed for fifty years and we cannot afford
timo to be investigated now."
Judge Mann, district attorney, stat
ed that to the best of his knowledge,
no saloons were open In Albuquerque
while the polls were open on election
day and that he had received only one
complaint regarding ballots from the
whole district, that from a man at
Jemes Springs, who claimed he was
unable to set an opposition ballot.
Mr. Clancy said that all he knew
about the saloon charge was that he
heard several gentlemen on election
day bitterly complaining because they
could not find an open saloon.
Judge Abbott announced his Inten
tion of writing a personal letter to
his friend, Mr. Dillingham, of the ter
ritories committee, and other present
agreed to write at once personal let
ters of protest to friends In congress.
All the speakers were emphatic in
their denunciation of those who havs
brought forward these baseless
charges In an eleventh hour attempt
to defeat statehood.
As expressed by Dr. Elder, it Is
quite fitting that this patriotic so
ciety, composed of descendants of
the men who made the first thirteen
states of the union, should protest
at this time at the ottempt to de
prive New Mexico of her rights and
defeat the will of her people.
New Officers Elected.
The New Mexico society, which now
has close to fifty members, elected its
new officers for the ensuing year yes
terday. President Elder, being placed in
nomination, declined the honor for
another term and by unanimous con
sent the secretary was authorized to
cast the ballot for George S. Klock.
formerly a member of the New York
society and one of the founders, with
Dr. Elder, of the New Mexico society.
A. F. Peck was elected secretary to
succeed W. R. Lyon. F. W. Clancy
was re-elected registrar, O. A. Mat-
son treasurer and C. C. Iiateman of
Ft Bayard chaplain while R. W. D.
Uryan was elected historian, to suc
ceed Mr. Klock. Vice-presidents Pitt
Ross of Albuquerque, Harold H.
Hurd of Roswell and C. M. Edwards
of Farmington wero re-elected, Mr.
Ros being made senior vice-presi
dent in accordance with a new re
quirement by tho national society. A.
11. McGnffcy was elected jAMistee. A
vote of thanks was extended to the
retiring president, Dr. Elder, for his
work on behalf of the organization,
whith was formed here chiefly as a
resillt of his efforts, Dr. Elder having
been previously a member of the
Pennsylvania society.
la taking the chair, Mr. Klock
made a short but earnest speech
dwelling on tho opportunities now
open in New Mexico, the coming state,
to such a patriotic society.
"This Is not a dress parade nor
partisan organization," said Mr.
Klock. "It Is a power for the promo
tion of good citizenship and patriot
ism, and I waht the hearty and steady
support of every member in the work
that lies before this organization. I
want the society to hold three or four
meetings, at least, every year and I
think that we should hold a meeting
to observe flag day appropriately this
year, as there will, we hope, be a new
star In the flag by that time. There
Is Important work before us and I
shall count on the support of every
member during the coming year."
The comlro meeting of tho National
society In Louisville, Ky., for May 2
and 3 was discussed and the local
society will send representatives to
the meeting. Mr. W. W. Page of th
Kentucky society, who as present,
on behalf of that organization, wel
comed the New Mexico delegation in
advance and assured it of royal south
ern hospitality In Louisville. A letter
was read from Vice-president Harold
Ilurd of Roswell, who was unable to
be present and who said, moreover,
that he had three applications for
membership. The reports of officers
showed the society Increasing finan
cially and numerically In strength and
In view of the presence of a number
of ellglbles admission blanks were
The Colorndo society sent greetings
to the New MexU-o society and con
gratulated It on the approaching ad
vent of the new statehood star Into
the national flag.
Tho business sturted at about 2
o'clock and lasted for two hours and
9 half, being held around a long table
In the "Taft Dining-room" of the Al
varado following the discussion of
an , appetizing and ult.ntlnl
luncheon served in the well-known
! Alvarado style and faultless service.
Tho room was decorated with national
flags and a portrait of George Wash
ington hung above the table. The
latter was adorned with greenery and
white carnations with a bog log In
the center, purporting to be cherry
wood .In which a full-sized hatchet
was sunk. The reminder of the
cherry tree episode was entirely In
keeping with the stand of the society
against the false charges made against
New Mexico at Washington.
Those at tho meeting and bmiquet
wer: Dr. Elder, George S. Klock, W.
R. Lvon Allen F. Peck, Pitt Rs. O.
A. Matson. A. B. McGnffey. K. W.
Clancy. Judge Ira A. Abbott. Sam
Plckard. John I.ee Clarke. It. W. D.
Bryan. Dr. I H. Chamberlain, C. K.
Lowber, Thr.mas F. Keleher, Jr.; Dr.
C. A. Ellfi', Georgo It. Craig, Raymond
stamm, George Camptleld, Judge E. A.
Mann, E. H. Clapp, D. L. Jamison.
E. Dana Johnson, W. W. Pae of
Kentucky and Edmund Ross.,
Wood Alcohol Kills Four.
Montlcello. N. Y Feb. 22. Four
persons are dead and one 18 dying to
day as the result of drinking wood
alcohol by mistake yesterday at Hor
ton, Sullivan county. The poison was
used ftg a beverage at a family reunion
Serious Accident Forty-five
Miles West of Albuquerque in
Which Passengers Have Mar
velous Escape from Death.
Conductor Sleeping in Berth
Suffers Serious Injury; Most
of Injured Passengers Able to
Continue Journey.
Nine persons, seven men nnd two
women, were Injured at Garcia Na
tion, forty-two miles west of Albuquer
que, at 2:50 yesterday afternoon,
when eastbound Santa Fe train No. 2,
the crack mail train between T.os
Angeles and Chicago, was derailed as
the result of soft track, caused, it Is
believed by recent rains. T. J. Collins,
r Pullman conductor, of Chicago, sus
tained the most serious Injury, receiv
ing a badly crushed elbow. Collins
was asleep In a berth In the Standard
Pullman car "Apache" when the crash
came. James Lefflngwell, of Tcrre
Haute, Ind., an old man, who was 111
before he left Los Angeles, was con
siderably unstrung as the result of the
Jolting and excitement and he and
Colling were sent to the Santa Fe hos
pital here. The other seven persona
were more or less bruised, but all
were able to continue their Journey,
an hour after their arrival In Albu
querque. Tho wreck occurred ten minutes be
fore 3 o'clock, when the train was
bowling, along at a speed estimated at
forty-five miles an hour, being some
what behind schedule. Word of the
wreck was received In Albuquerque
about 3:S and a, special train, carry
ing; Runta Fe Surgeon J. W. Colbert
nnd several Santa Fe employes, left
for the scene of the disaster at once.
Dr. W, D. Radcllffe. Santa Fe surgeon
at Eden, had also gone to the wreck
on a, special and reached thero about
the same time as tho special from Al
buquerque. Dr. Colbert and Dr. Rad-cllff-extended
first aid to tho Injur
ocj Immediately upon their arrival at
Garcia, the women and children being
given the preference. Hasty exami
nations by the surgeons convinced
them that no one had been seriously
According to eye witnesses the
wreck was one of the most miraculous
In the history of the Santa Fe coRst
UneB. That a score or more of people
were not killed outright and (logons
seriously injured is considered noth
ing less than a miracle by those who
were on the train when the wreck
happened. It was Just another case of
the marvelous "Santa Fe luck," the
talk of railroad men on every railroad
In the country.
The wreck came without an Instants
warning either to the trainmen of the
passengers. The engine and tender,
baggage and mail car and a smoker
separated from , the balance of the
train, when the engine struck the soft
track, the coupling between the smok
er and the chair car being broken In
The engine, with Its tender nnd trio
of cars, rushed along. Engineer Earl
Walker frantically using every erfort
to bring the big locomotive to a stop.
The rei,r trucks of the smoker had
been torn away from their fastenings
and the passengers in that car, most
ly men, were given a trip over the
ties for a quarter of a mile which was
the most realistic demonstration of
"bump the bumps" that they ever ex
pected to experience. The head part
of the train was finally brought to a
stop, only after the lives of the occu
pants of the smoker had once more
been threatened when the rear trucks
narrowly escaped being sldeswlped by
a narrow culvert.
In tho meanwhile the chair ear, two
tourists and the standard, "Apache,"
with the passengers, most of whom
were old men and women, going east
after wintering In California, and
women and children, were being shot
over the Santa Fe right of way on both
sides of the track. The chair car wag
the first to leave the track, retaining
Its upright position, on the right hand
aide of the right of way. The first
tourlct then took the leap and turned
over on Its side. The second tourist
Jumped off the opposite side, but did
not turn over.
The "Apache," the last car to leave
the track, did so only after; a heavy
steel rail, torn up from the track,
had shoved Itself through the drawing
room of the forward end. The rail
entered the car at right angles, pass
ed almost completely through the
drawing room and came within Wirty
inches of punching a. hole through the
opposite side of the oar. Fortunately
the drawing room was unoccupied.
The force of the Impact with which
rail and car met. however, resulted In
the Apache being lifted up In the air
and held there, while Its trucks slid
out from under It. The Apache was
then, as If moved by a steam derrick,
placed upright some feet over on the
right of way.
The panic Inside the four cars In
the ditch may well lie realized, Pande
" (OfnUnJiiwl on INK 5 Col. 5.)
Prorrmt Work Needed to Count
' eract Effect of Lying Charges
Made Before Territories Com
Batch of Sworn Statements as
to Fairness of Election for
Awarded from Albuquerque;
Indignation Sweeps Territory.
It Ig vitally important that affi
davits attesting the fairness of the
constitutional ratification election and
its freedom from "bribery,. Intimida
tion, violence or fraud, " be sent in to
day by mall or wire from every coun
ty nnd city In New Mexico. State as
sassins in Washington have reached
willing ears among, our enemies In
congre-s and the falsehoods about the
election have been spread far and
wide over the country, That they be
Immediately and overwhelmingly re
futed Is absolutely necessary not only
to the success of the statehood fight
now, but to dear the fair name of
New Mexico.
City and county officials, election
officials and citizens are urged to
draw up their affidavits at once and
forward them, preferably by wire to
Chairman E. I Hamilton of the house
committee on territories and to Dele
gate W. M. Andrews, Shoreham hotel,
Washington, D. C.
Th? telegrams from Delegate An
drews In Washington to tho effect
that New Mexico's defamers have
brought about a critical situation have
aroused Instant repot,so all over New
Me-rten. For three or four day now
a continuous wave of prot-t has been
going eastward by mall and wire. Yes
terday In accordance with the urgent
request of the delegate sworn nffl
davits as to the fairness of the elec
tion began to go east and today and
tomorrow they will be forwarded by
hundreds, as well as all New Mexico
Is thoroughly aroused over the out
rage perpetrated on the territory by
her cowardly Blunderers at the nation
al capital. It is vitally necessary that
these lies be refuted In the next few
days so overwhelmingly and convinc
ingly that the enemies of statehood
will not have a leg left to stand on.
Yesterday a big buget of affidav
its by prominent citizens was forward
ed from this city and more will be
sent today. While the charge that
"intimidation, bribery, violence and
fraud" had been used In Bernalillo
county at first aroused only public de
rision, tho enemies of-statehood have
succeeded In making an Issue out of
their baseless charges and it has be
come necessary to take them serious
Rp--ll lll-palrh 1a Ibc Morning Jimrnilll
Roswell. N. M., Feb. 22. Washing
ton's birthday was celebrated with
more patriotism today than ever be
fore. Fourteen hundred children from
all the schoolg of the city and four
hundred grown up people, assembled
at the armory and had appropriate
exercises. Most of the business hous
es were closed. The New Mexico Mili
tary Institute suspended work for the
day and the cadets were given an ell
day German barbecue. Affidavits
were sent today to the house commit
tee on territories at Washington re
futing the charges of unfairness and
corruption In the constitutional elec
tion, brought by the W. C. T. IT. and
Anti-Saloon League members. The af
fidavits were given by local officials.
They were sent upon recommendation
of Delegate Andrews, who telegraph
ed the urgency of the case for state
hood at this session.
stokif.s of roititri-riox auk
i.ittli: m,i:i)i:i i c.vpitol.
Morning Journal Bureau, J
813 Munsey Building,
Washington, D. C, Feb. 22.
Delegate Andrews called at the
White House today to learn the status
of the New Mexico constitution now
before the president for his approval.
When leaving, Mr. Andrews said that
he entertained a strong hope that con
gress would approve of tho constitu
tion before Its adjournment. He said
that If this Is done, he was satisfied
that no obstruction will be put In Its
way by President Taft. The charges
filed at the White Hods- by the ami
snloon league and others to the effect
that the people of New Mexico
ratified . their constitution through
Traud and corruption are given little
or no weUht hero.
Harry, Tex.. Feb. 22. -Blowing out
one fide of the building and wreck
ing tho safe, robbers last night stole
between $4,000 and" $5,000 from the
First State bank here. The robbers
escaped with a stolen riff which was
abandoned at Coi-lrsnn today.
Believes Agreement Will Be One
of Mutual Benefit to Coun
tries; Canada Our Best Mar
ket, Says Secretary,
IDy Morning Jugraal tplal Imh4 Wire
Buffalo. N. Y.. Feb. 22. Because (
the similarity In laws, languages, oc
cupatlons and lines of cemmerclal
development In Canada and the United
Statea the proposed reciprocity agree
ment holds a peculiar position with
respect to protective tariff policy of
this country In the opinion of the
secretary of argiculture, Mr. Wilson.
Mr. WilBon discussed the agreement
at length tonight before the Elliott
club o'f this city, quoting specific
figures to support his declaration '.hat
the agreement would prove mutually
beneficial to the countries.
Summarizing tne advantages which
he believes will come to the United
States, If the agreement Is accepted
Mr. Wilson said:
"The advantages that will come
from reciprocity to the people of the
United States, will be, first, access to
the Canadian woods. Then there will
be access to Canadian markets for
our fruits, free fish, free trade In
seeds, free trade In flax, free barbed
wire fencing, free trade In horses,
This last will give lis a market for
our draft horses In those new pro
vinces that the being opened up.
"The citrus fruit grower of Call
fornla will have the northern market
open to him. The producer of grain
north of the line will have the south
em market open to him. Those In
the corn belt of the United States can
look to tho north for gtock steers.
"The settlers who are developing
Saskatchewan, Alberta . and British
Columbia, will bet cheaper "farm ma
chtnery from us, and cheaper draft
horses from us. 1 am firmly .con
vinced that It would be to the atlVan
tage of both countries for us to tnke
the export wheat of Canada, mill I
and send the flour to the markctg of
the world, because the dairymen of
tho United States would then got the
by-products of the mlllg and ns the
population of the United States In
crease the dairy market will be
In conclusion. Mr, Wilson said:
"The American 'farmer brought
about the building of the American
factory business; ho wanted a home
market; ho has voted stcadly for half
a century to give protection to the
extent of the difference In cost of
production between this country and
any country that desires to sell In
our markets.
"The question pending with re
gard to reciprocity thug seems to be
up to the farmer. Is he willing ti
have the government enter Into a
trade agreement by which the devel
opment of tho United States and the
development of the Canadian people
shall be further, or Is It desirable to
limit our Intercourse with the Cana
dians to the actualities o'f the present
,-"It should be remembered that the
Canadian Is one of our best custom
ers. We sell more to Canada than
we do to any other country except
Great Britain. If wc can extend that
trade, so that the business of both
countries will Increase It Is a consum
mation devoutly to be wished, by
Ottawa, Out , Feb. 22. The Cana
dian parliament today formally de
elared political loyalty to Oreat Rrl
lain. The declaration was made as
an answer to allegations that reci
procity with the United States will re
sult In annexation.
Neither the government or lhe op
position Intended to make this de
claration when the house opened.
They were surprised when the pro
posal was sprung by the French na
tionalist group, which has been free
iv charged with disloyalty for Its
stand on the naval Issue.
Sir Wilfred I.aurler and R. T. Bor
den, finance minister, had planned
that the reciprocity debate follow Its
regular course and the prlmo minister
had moved the house Into committee
for tbnt purpose when F. D. Monk,
the chief French nationalist, Raid that
In Canada the United States and Oreat
Britain some public men and a part
of the press had announced that an
nexation wag bound to follow reci
procity. He believed' there wag no genuine
annexation sentiment In Canada and
that a statement to offset It should
be "formally made. He therefore
moved an amendment declaring that
to dispel the feeling or unret created
In Canada, by comments made In the
United States and Canada as to poli
tical consequences of the agreement
the house wishes to affirm emphati
cally Itg determination to preserve In
tact' the bonds which unite Canada to
the British empire and the full liber
ty of Canada to control her fiscal pol
icy and internal autonomy.
Sir Wilfrid Murler accepted the
Monk amendment, though in doing go,
he adopted the most unusual course J
of acccntim- an amendment to the?
government motion from an opponent
of the administration. The amend
ment was adopted w ithout a dissenting
voice, but before the vote was reach
ed there was an expression oT opinion
from leading members of the house.
"I can tell the prime minister this,"
said Borden, leader of the opposition
"that If this reciprocity proposition
means anything it means political
Union between Canada and the United
States In the end."
Mr. Borden said he wag of the opin
ion the Amerelan congress had not
accepted the proposal on economic
grounds but because It would lead to
political absorption.
W. F. McLean said there wag a
germ of annexation In the agreement
which had been "concocted'' by Sir
Wilfrid Laurler, "the new cxar of
Canada," and President Taft, of "the
United States"
Chicago, Feb. 22 Colonel Theodora
Roosevelt In the last of three formal
Breeches here today, warmly advocat
ed the proposed reciprocity trndo
agreement with Canada and scored
congressmen, whom be said were re
sponsible for hindering the confirma
tion of the agreement by means of
an "annexation scare."
From Canada he turned his atten
tlon to peace advocates who geek to
prment the fortification of the Pana
ma canal, claimed It the clear and ap
parent duty of the United States to
fortify the ranal.
Colonel Roosevelt was cheered when
he advocated tho proposed reciprocity
agreement with Canada and praised
President Taft for his efforts toward
Its confirmation.
"I not only believe In the agreement
on economic grounds," Colonel Uoose
velt Bald, "but because I feel it shotdd
be a cardinal object of our policy to
strengthen In every .way the relations
of amity and mutual gelf-respect be
tween ua and our great growing neigh
bor on the north.
"I am gure you share with me the
feeling of profound disapprobation
for those members of congress who
have Indirectly sought to bar the path
not only of the proposed reciprocity
agreement but to bar the path of
good feeling between us and Canada
by Introducing in congress resolutions
pretending to look toward the annexa
tion of Canada."
Taking up his reference to fortify
ing the canal. Colonel Roosevelt said.
In the final treaty the Vnlted States
guarantees that inasmuch ag no other
powers were allowed to hnve.any-
lg our duty to fortify the canal;' there
pollep , it, keep U open, protoect It. It
Is our duty to fortify the eanal, there
are no two sides' to that question.
"If we had a war with any nation
and did not fortify the canal that na
tlon would riot be bound by treaty,
There' ore no treaty obligations af
fecting us but with England und
Panama. Other nations are free to
take any action they wish about the
canal If we are at war with them. Any
outside nation, If wo had a war, would
be justified In seizing the canal ag a
war measure against us.
"There are persons who said, 'Don't
fortify the canal. Let the navy pro
tect It.' It is difficult to argue with
a man of that stamp, either because
he has not thought about the subject
at all or he hag made up his mind
he will think crookedly.
"I say that deliberately, the fleet
must be kept together and used to hit
the enemy's fleet. The worst thing
you can do with a fleet Is to scatter
it nlong to protect coast ports. The
great advantage of a port I" that It
leaves the navy footloose.
"I do not want to tempt any enemy
of frail convictions to selie the canal
Just because we have been such fools
that we have not fortified It."
iiii.ii ii:ff.M)s position
flf Paul. Minn.. Feb. 22. In the
course of an Interview tonight. In
which ho renlled to an attack niacU
upon him through a letter from a
North Dakota farmer, read In tne
United States senate hist Tuesday,
James .!. 1 1 1 1 1 of the Oreat Northern
railway said:
"Tin. nei-dlnv reclliruclv treaty De
fore congress Is tho most Important
I hl ennnirv him had before it since
the Civil war. If after having kept
.'anada waiting forty years we turn
ler down again, our country will suf
fir. nnd one of the baldest hit of our
Industries will lie that of wheat rals
'Sritiiioxc Canada loins the Imperial
(deration of English colonies, as Is
iroiioxerl. a reasonable differential
that England might Impose upon our
heat would be I fi cents a litlMtiel and
that would mean our wheat growers
.u !) Hnd their whole i.i'odlu t low
ered that modi a bushel In value.
'(Ireat Itiitnln would take over
practically all of the 200,000,00 In
round numbers that Canada tour pays
s for manufactured articles, then add
the 600 and more millions we export
to Oreat Britain and we find that, If
e fall to adopt reciprocity agreement
vlth Canada and drive It to an tm
icrlal federation, we are cheapening
iur wheat crop annually 15 cents per
bushel and tho same lime Wl' '" l""
Ing 1800,000,0011 of export business to
England and Canada."
New York, Feb. 22.-Two of the
lest In New York the J'lienix .mi
na! Chatham National have com
ted a merger and tomorrow will be.
i new nmt iolnt career ns the
henlx and Chatliem National bank,
the quarters of thf Chuthuni al
oadway und John streets.
I'he riienlx had a career of nine
nine veurs. J. Plernont Morgan
g a charter member of Its directory
ien It became a national bunk. Tin-
Chatham had done business for sixty-one
Lower California Capital Des
tination of General Levyaand
Motley Crowd of Followers
Gathered at Mexicali.
Rumor That United States May
Refuse Them Asylum in Event
of Defeat Responsible for
Several Cases of Cold Feet.
Br Morning Journal HtHMtnl I. Hint Win
Mexican, Mex., Feb. 22. General
Lcyva's advance guard started on Its
march to Ensenada today. To con
fuse the fugitive Mexican officials now
on the American side, and who nr
eager to forward Information to the
Dla government, the ret. el deta-.i,-m
ent started southeast. It Is elm
posed of glxty men. fully one-tbiid of
the entire armed strength of the In
u rrecto army.
Water wag carried by a pack train.
It Is evident that it ig the Inten'lin
to keep to be southward until the
Cocopah mountains are reached, then
turn sharply westward and make for
the pass of the San Bernardino moun
tains. Thereafter they will hava a
clear trail to Lag Juntas, where Gov
ernor Vega rested on his retreat from
the scene of his defeat of February
, The entire rebel army ig expected
to follow the advance guard and to
be out of camp by tomorrow night.
Money Ig urgently needed now by
the Instirreetog and Berthold dlst-appeared
today, presumably on a-tiifl,
Into the United Btatea to procure fundi
from gome source. ' '
The men of the army are becoming '
clamorous for the pay promised them.
Many, -who5 Joined' 1 when LO'va' first
cam.?' to Mexican in January a'srert they
haw not seen a single peso since they
enrolled under the red flag which l
now the symbol of the proposed "
socialist commonwealth of Lower'
California. ' '
They are now demanding money
and many threats of desertion are
Three deserted last night, leaving
their arnig where they had been post
ed on guard in the trenches.
Others were today escorted nut oi
camp at Leyva'a command. He de
clared that this was done to separate
the "sheep from the goats." He had.
COO men at hand, lie said but arms
for only two hundred, and was deter
mined to weed out thong whb had
Joined thc army simply to procura
board. ' '
The tendency towards desertion wag
strengthened today by reports from
I'alexlco that a determined effort ill
lie made to have the United State
government outlaw all Americans who
persist in burring arms I nthe cam
paign. Deep down In his heart every In
surgent believes that If the Mexican
government presses to hard, all he will
have to do, will be to cross the Inter
national boundary for safety. When
the Americans among the rebels
leaned today that there might be a
possibility of a-ylum on their native
soil being denied them It Immediately
became a iptestlon with them whether
to take the chance of certain defeat
If cornered by the 'federals. Levya
became mm h excited when he learn
ed of the plan.
"They cannot do It," he explained.
"That places the United States In the
HhI of barbarous countries. We will
get socialists all over America to flood
the country with telegrams In protest."
General Leyva said today that hn
hud wired to the Ited Crong In Wash
ington for tnforini.tion regarding the
(1,01)0 said to have been appropriated
by that body for the care of tho
wounded t Mexicali. He wants te
know whether Dr. William Fnwcett
Smith, the Ited Cross surgeon at
Cnlrxleo. seted within his rights when
it is sai.l he refused to attend Clark,
the wounded rebel.
Efforts were made tonight to force
American army surgeons to care for
W. E. Clark, Wounded last night by
a rebel sentry. Clark was not serl-
uisly wounded and walked over the
oundury when ho was ordered back
by American sentinels.
He refused to lay down on the Hue
ltd was left there until picked up by
omradeg and carried back to camp.
Army surgeons explained that Clark
had be'" well cared for by u Calexl-
o physician.
ltirrntNs to juaufz
El Fa so, Tex.. Feb. S2. (leneral
avarro and nine hundred of his
immand returned to Cludad Juareg
unit ' clock tonight from Gauda
ipe. where he went In search of
lad.-ro and his provisional govern
lent, orflcrrg with Navarro report
icy saw no InHurrectoa on the trip,
but (but Colonel ilnbago s cavalry had
a few brushes with their rear guard
vslille m ooting. Colonel Itabago and
100 cavalrymen were at Guadalupe.
It Ig reported In Juareg tonight that
(IciiithI Navarro will proceed tu en
train his troops there at once and
move them to Ahnmadii over the Melt-

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