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ALBUQXJEKQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
THIRTY-THIRD YEAR, Vol. CXXX, No. 18. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, TUESDAY, APRIL 18, 1911. Uy Mall SO (Tut a Month; Single Cplc S OtrU By vorrli-r. nil Ceiim a Month TAFT ADVISES CITIZENS UF DOUGLAS TO HIDE OUT Hesitates ' to Order Troops Across Border for Fear Mo tives Might Me Misconstrued and American Lives Lost GOVERNOR OF ARIZONA GETS SCANT SATISFACTION President Believes Congress Should Now Say Whether Situation Is Grave Enough to Warrant Intervention By Mnrnlnf Journal flpcrtm Wlr' Washington, April 17. President Taft tonMht replied lo a message from Governor Sloan of Arizona ask iiiK protection for citizens of Douglas from the fire of federals and ln- surrectos that he was loathe to en danger Americans in Mexico by tak ing: so radical a step as sending Am erican troop across the border to prevent further fighting. The president - in his telegram to the rovernor raid the situation might Justify him In ordering troops to cross the border and attempt to stop the fighting or to fire upon both contest ants from the American Bide. He hesitated to take such a step, however, because of the possibility of resistance and greater bloodshed, and the -danger of having his motives mk-conetrued and arousing the Mex icans agalnrt the Americans now in Mexico. In ' t-w of the conditions there the president felt he could not order the l.o, ai Douglas to cross the bor der, but he again emphasized the ad visability of the people of Douglas avoldir jr exposing themselves by fly In: bullets, 5 TV. rai .-sage to tin president '. was dated Douglas, 10;21 o'clock tonight. It read: 'The President, Washington, D. C. "As a result of today's fighting across the International line, but with in gunshot range of tho heart of Douglas, five Americans were wounded on this sld? of the tine. Ev. erythlng points to repetition of the casualties on tmorrow, and while the federals seem disposed to keep their agreement not to fire Into Douglas, tho position of the insurree tos Is such that when fighting oc curs on the east and southeast of the entrenchments people living In Doug las are put In danger of their lives. "In tny Judgment radical measures are necd.-;d to protect our innocent people, and If anything can be done to rtop tho fight! Kg; at Agua Prieta the situation calls for such action. It Is Impossible to safeguard tiff peo ple of Douglas unlqsg the town can be vacated. Can anything be done to relieve the situation, which is now acute?" The reply of the president, prompt ly transmitted, read: "To Governor Sloan, Douglas, Arts.: "Your dispatch received. Have mad urgent demands upon Mexican government to issue Iwtructions to prevent firing across border by Mex- lt an federal troops and am awaiting reply. Meantime I have sent direct winning to tho Mexicans and Insurg ent forces near Douglas. "I Inf r from jour dispatch that both inirties nttempted to heed the Warning, but that In the strained sit in., nm and exigencies or tvie contest wild bullets still find their way into Douglas. The situation might justify in" in ordering our troops to cross the border and attempt to stop the fighting, or to tiro upon both com batants from the American side. "Hut If I take this step I must fii''t the possibility of resistance ind sreater bloodshed, and alfo the dan ger of having our motives miscon strued 'and misrepresented, and of thus Inflaming Mexican popular in dignation against many thousands of Americans now In Mexico and Jeop ardizing their lives and property. "The pressura for general Interven tion under such conditions It might hot lie possible to resist. It Is lm pof. il, lc ti( foresee or reckon the con eiiencp3 of such ft course and we must use the gruiteat self-restraint to avoid it. "Pending an urgent representation to the Mexican government, I cannot, therefore, order the troops at Doug las to cross tiie border, but I must B!k you and the local authorities, In fnse the same 'danger seems to threaten, to direct the people of fiointlrw, to plnce) themselves where rtillets cannot reikch them, and thus "veld casualties, I am loathe to en danger .American in Mexico, where they are neceasui lly exposed by tak ing a radical ste ;i to prevent injury to Americans on mr side of the bor ll'r. who can avoid It by temporary Inconvenience. "(Signed) "Wlfl.UAM II . TAFT." The president found the Mexlcnn filiation demandinn his attention un i lut .. hour, J The evening he had "'M nt the tlilater. Itetnrning to hp White HouLe, hp plunged Into '"'"ifl-rallon Jf Die problem con futing him. J "kukvis W;m.Ks Miori.n ASM jf ... itlMIHlNSHllUTY Washington, April 17. President Taft felt tonight that he had done personally all that can bo done by him to control the situation along the Mexican border. He and his advisers believe that now congress must say whether the situation Is grave enough to warrant Intervention and its con sequences. Through the state department the administration played what may be regarded as its last card today. It reiterated in no uncertain fashion the representations made to Mexico a few days ago, that affairs like that at Douglas and Agua Prieta last week, must not be repeuted. Instead of awaiting the customary period for n formal reply from Mexico, the de partment asked for immediate assur ances that there be no more fighting that endangered Americans in the border towns. Information was also refluosted as to what measures the authorities had taken to prevent fu ture combats of this kind. A few hours after the department an nounced it had issued this second demand, dispatches from Douglas be gan to come into the war department showing that the second battle of Agua Prieta had begun. No reply had been received tonight from the Mex ican authorities. The president plainly la worried. He talked but little, the White House folk said, about Mexico today, but the bulletins that came through the war department and through the prens. were taken to him wherever he hap pened to bo and read Immediately, lie did not conceal the fact that he was intensely Interested. The president had two Important conferences. .He talked with Secre tary Knox in the afternoon and to night he had a conference with Am bassador Bryce of Great Britain. The official explanation of Mr. Bryce's visit was that he came to talk about the proposed arbitration treaty be tween the United States and England. It Is practically certain that Mexi co figured in the conversation. It Is believed the ambassador explained to Mr. Taft the landing of the British marines at San Quentln, Mex., last week. He was able to tell the presi dent that the landing was made only after Americans and British subjects asked for protection. In connection with Mr. Bryce's visit a suggestion that there might bo Joint Intervention in Mexico by the United States and England was discredited. It was pointed 'out that any such Joint Intervention would be construed as an acknowledgement by the United States that this nation Is unable to handle the situation and that it would bo almost an abandonment of the Monroe doctrine. President Taft has told callers that he dos contemplate sending a spe cial message to congress relating to the condition of affairs in Mexico. He has shown to leaders of both the eon t'tc and house the confidential corre spondence dealing with Mexico. He feels that few, If any of these who have been taken Into his confi dence, havo (ailed to agree with him that the movement of troops to Texas was justified. Ho thinks that since the leaders In congress have practi cally all the information he has, it Is their Hity to take any further action. , The president himself has let It be known that no United Stutes troops would cross tho line unless authorized by congress and Secretary of War Dickinson confirmed that statement tonight. No one doubts that Inter vention wcttld mean war. War in Mexico, tho president's advisers say, would meu a conflict that would rage, for months, probably years. The topography of Mexico, the mountains, the insufficient means of quick com munication and a dozen other things that must ton flgurod would have to be met. Intervention would mean a long drawn-out struggle In which the Mexican federals and the Mexican In surrectos might soon bo found fight ing side by side. Furthermore, Inter vention would be likely to dissipate all the good feeling that years of careful diplomacy has created between the United States and the I.atin-American countries. Third Assistant Secretary of State Hale said that Kenor Manuel de Z't mneona, the new ambassador from Mexico, would be presented to Presi dent Taft at the White House on Wednesday afternoon. One of the dispatches made public at the White House from Colonel Shunk, commanding officer at Doug las, said three insurgents without arms, "surrendered to us, and that they are now being held as pris oners," fEXATOR RTOXK WANTS IM M F.DIATF, 1 X V KSTIG ATION Washington, April 17. Searching inquiry Into the situation In Mexico 4s demanded In a resolution offered In the senate today by Mr. Stone of Missouri. The resolution calls on the committee on foreign relations to un dertake an investigation of the dan gers to American and foreign lives on United States territory. Tiie resolution at Senator Stone's request was tabled. Its author In tends to make a speech appealing Tor its Immediate adoption. The resolution sets forth that a "condition of turbulnnce and disor der" prjvails In the republic across tho Rio Grande, that the lives of American citizens and their property ure In Jeopardy, that the work on the dam in the Imperial valley has been retarded by existing conditions and that Americans on this side of the border have been killed and wounded by flying bullets. It refers to certnin European news paper reports that foreign govern ments contemplate Intervention by force to protect the lives and proVer ty of their citizens and to the landing of British marines In lower Califor nia. AXTT-Kii:i.i-:Trox I,AW MADF, MOItl' DKAKTIC. Mexlxco City, April 17. Approving the measure proposed by Deputy Bulnes, providing for the "no re-election'' of the president, vice-president (Continued mi Page 2, Col. 4.) CONSTITUTIONS OF REBELS KNOCK NOTORIOUS BAND1I NHIUO ARIZONA FIND SUPPORT Chamberlain, of. Oregon, De clares Both Instruments Are in Conformity With Funda mental Law of United States, RECALL PROVISION NOT REPUGNANT TO REPUBLIC Senator Sees No Reason Why Judges, As Well As Other Officers, Should Not Be Sub ject to Popular Will, Rjr Morning Juurnul Kpedwl Leaned Wire Washington, April 17. Contend ing that the constitutions of New Mexico and Arizona are in accord ance with the constitution of thj United States, Senator Chamberlain of Oregon today delivered an argu ment In the senate In support of the Brown resolution approving the two Instruments, He said there Is no reason why members of the Judiciary should not be rubject to the will of the' people Ha much as other officials, and that such a law would have no tendency to deprive that branch of the govern ment of lis independence. Mr. Chamberlain made especial reference to tho initiative, referen dum and recall provisions in the Ari zona constitution, urging that they did not depart from the constitutional guarantee of a republican form of government. He also pointed out that the constitution was similar to the systems of Oregon, Oklahoma, Montana and South Dakota. Mr. Chamberlain defended the pro vision for the recall of state officers, Including Judges, contained in tho Arizona constitution. He said there Is no reason why members of the Ju diciary should not be HUbJect to the will of the people as much as other officials, rnd that such ft law would' have no tendency to deprivn that branch bf the government of its Inde pendence, Kltt'l'UMCANK WII.I, YOTK AGAIXST KIXIPROC1TY Washington. April 17. "After a thorough canvass of the republican membership of the house I con say positively a substantial majority of the party will vote against the Can adian reciprocity bill," said Repre sentative Dwlght of Now York, the republican whip, tonight. The bill Ik to be out upon Its passage this week. This will not prevent Its passage, even though teveral democrats vote agulnst the majority of their party. When the reciprocity bill passed the house In the last session a majority of the republicans voted against it; but the democratic majority in favor of It has greutly Incruueed in the new congress. Five speakers participated In the Five speakers participated in the debate today. Kepresentatlve Ford ney of Michigan, a republican mem ber of the ways and means commit tee, and Kepresentatlve Denroot of Wisconsin, on insurgent republican, (.poke against the bill. Representa tives Harrison , of New York and Peters of Massachusetts, democratic members of the ways and means committee, and Representative Crum packer of Indiana, republican, advo cated its passugs, Mr. Lenroot gave an emphatic statement of insurgent policies and views. Questioned from the demo cratic side, he said he opposed the reciprocity agreement because he believed it Increased many duties. He (aid If democrats were sincere In their desire to put more articles on the free list they would attach the free list to the reciprocity bill. He accused them of wanting the presi dent lo veto their freo list bill when It finally passed, so as to make poli tical capital for them. E Prominent Roswell Sheepman Sustains Ugly Hurt Which May Result in Death; Mem ber Amputated tftpM-lnl llptrh to the Morning Journal) RoFwell, N. M April 17. Joe H. Clements, aged 60, and twenty-five years a Roswell resident, had his right arm mashed off at the elbow at his sheep ranch forty miles south weft this morning while oiling the engine to pump water for his sheep. Ills sleeve was c aught In the cogs, drawing In the arm. He was brought to his home In Roswfll and the arm was amputated tonight above the el bow. Ills age and the great loss of blood make his case critical. He Is a prominent wool grower, having 7000 sheep. ARM MASHED OFF III HOGS IT GATES DF JUAREZ LONG EXPECTED ATTACK BEGINS BEFORE DAWN Seven Hundred and Fifty Fed eral Soldiers in Border Town Prepared to Put Up Stout Resistance to Invaders (By Morning Journal Hprrlul Lmurd Wlrr El Paso, Tex., April 18., 3 a. m. Desultory firing haB been In progress west of the city In Juarez since about 1:30 o'clock this morning and still continues at this hour. It is Impos sible to learn the personnel of the forces engaged or their number, but the 'federal officials and citizens of Juarez believe the advance guard of Madero's forces Is at their very doors, and the coming of daylight will wit ness the expected attack upon the city that has been pending for several days. In the city of Juarez there is much activity among the forces of General Navarro in making final preparations 'for the attack. Men, machine guns' and other artillery have been placed in position and all Is in readiness to give the attackers a warm reception. Citizens of the town are greatly alarmed and many of them are cross ing Into El Paso for safety. At 6 o'clock last night It was known authoritatively that from 1600 to 2200 men of Madero's forces were at Bauche, seventeen miles south of Juarez, under the leadership of Raoul Madero, brother of the provisional president and they were exceedingly Impatient to begin the attack, but were restrained In thler impetuosity with difficulty pending the arrival of additional forces from Casas Gramtes, over the Mexico Northwestern rail way, which 1r under the control of the lnsurrectos. , The firing upon the federal oiit poBts west of Juarez and In the vicin ity of El Paso smelter thla morning Indicates that the expected reinforce ments have arrived and that the con test for thf control i f the city is on and ill be prosecuted with vigor with the coming of day"ght. The federal fasces in Juarei this morning comprise about 760 men tinder the fommand of General Na varro, anl they are well , supplied with ammunition and all modern fighting appliances. The city hns been fortified In every manner possible and mines placed In every direction. K the fighting takes place in the city the slaughter is certain to be very heavy, Juarez Is In position to with stand some very heavy fighting. United States troops are taking all necessary precautions to keep the citizens of F,l Paso out of the danger zone, and there will be no passing permitted today If the expected as sault materializes, from the American side as there !s a determination to prevent a repetition of the results at Douglas If possible. Thousands of Juarez people have been on the American side now for several days, and will remain until the result ttt the threatened engagement In known TUAIXMKX BRING WORD OM 1MMII:XT ASSAII.T El Paso, Tex,, April 17. Juarez Is excited again tonight and expecting an attack before morning. Troops hive been throwing up fortifications all day in all directions and soldiers In Rqnads have been stationed on the rooTs of buildings overlooking tho town, while signal men on the tops of the highest mountains have been wig WHrf&ing. It Is believed there are In 8 lrrectos on the opposite side of the mountains, American trainmen coming up from Papallo, twenty-three miles south of Juarez, whera they had been Impressed In the service of the lnsur rectos, report that Oulppe tlurlbaldl, one of Madero's chief lieutenants, Is at that point with 600 men superin tending the preparations for bringing up the rest of the main Chihuahua rebel army from the south and that Garibaldi said the attack would be made tonight or tomorrow, Such re ports or attacks contemplated are frequently brought in, however. The ! rebel wounded from the buttle of Bauche are at Sapallo, Numerous Americans, and natives, too, bring confirmation of tho killing In the battle of Bauche on Saturday of Oscar G. Crelghton, Hn American soldier of fortune, who has lately dynamited all the bridges south of Juarei!, Crelghton commanded at the battle Saturday, It is stated, and led the charge In which Captain Porflrla Hrnandes of the Mexican federal army was shot. The men of the fed eral captain's command centered their fire on the American and soon had him laid low with many bullets. Crelghton Is supposed to he an ex New York broker and to have a bro ther who Is a broker In Phlludclphlu and a mother in Boston. Many have stated that Crelghton was not his real name, but an 101 Paso girl who Is said to have been engaged to marry him knows him '-v no other namu than Crelghton. This afternoon the Mexican federals found the body of Foderal Lieutenant Abigail Jimlnei;, who was killed In Saturuay's battle. The coyotes had eaten his body badly. ' This afternoon there Ws tl sud den scurrying In F.I Haso when four troops of the FoHrs'i" I'nlted States cavalry, lute from tQt Mad, H, D., b TRAIN ROBBER AI HOMICIDE AT LARGE Broncho Bill, Who Killed Brother of Albuquerque Man, Scales Wall of Penitentiary At Santa Fe. DARING GUN FIGHTER'S LONG LIST OF CRIMES Believed to Be Heading for Mexico With Every Officer in New Mexico On Lookout for Him; Reward Offered No. 122, William Walters. alias "Bronco IIIII.' escaped from the New Mexico peniten- tiary on the night of the 16th of April, 1911. Age about 43 or 44 years. Brown hair, blue eyes, face very much seamed. Right arm from shoulder down absolutely useless from gunshot wounds. Size of foot. No. 5 or 6. Several email scars on head. Five large burn scars above right knee. Rather nervous In his movements. His face wears an almost contlnuul smile what might be termed a quinlcal or half amused smile. A DARING KSCAPK Santa Fe, N. M.p April 17. Bronco Bill Is at large. This simple announcement Is enough to make every officer of the law in New Mexico apprehensive. Bronco Bill, otherwise known as convict No. 1282, and whnsa real name is William Walters, after eleven years of exemplary conduct In the territorial penitentiary, and at a time when he was assigned to the hospital as "HI," made a during getaway from the prison last night, atruck out south, evidently toward the Mexican bor der, and at last accounts was still going, after bloodhounds had fol lowed his trail for seven miles and hud to give it up. Telegrams have been sent by the penitentiary author ltl?s to every county in New Mexico and a sharp lookout will be kept on every hand for the arrival of one of the most notorious desperadoes the south has ever known. Bronco Bill was serving a life sen tence for murder, sent up from Ho corro county. For some years he hns been a trusty nt Jhe prison. Aid ed by another trusty, Kinch Mullen, a long-term men from Roswell, In some manner last night Walters so cured a ladder and a rope. He bad been lowered successfully over the ouisiiie prison wall by Mullen and the other was about to descend when he fell, alighting on the ground with a thud that entirely changed his mind about escaping, He re turned to the penitentiary badly bruised this morning, after spending (lie niglit outside and laid bare the whole plot to the superintendent. TRAIN BOI'.lll lt DEAD SHOT, cowboy AM) i)i:spi:it ix) Bronco Bill is one of the most no torious bad men, gun fighters, train robbers, murderers and all around outlaws that ever terrorised New Mexico, and his right arm Is shattered and useless s.i the result of bullet wounds received In battles with offi cers of the luw. It Is said he has fig ured In the leading role In no less than six train robberies In New Mex ico, and ho once got away with $40, 000 In Mexican silver as the result of a hold-up. In a pitched buttle In Socorro county he put a bullet be tween the eyes and another through the heart of Deputy Sheriff Vigil, and one In the forehead of an Indian trailer at a distance of 1000 yards. Bronco Bill fled to Mexico, but growing more daring he recrossed the border into Arizona, where he was captured after a spectacular battle, the outlaw riding away from hi pur suers on a horse and firing backward at the posse ss he rode, until several 1"'ll," '"."'"'I''' " rlnht arm and he was forced to surrender, The posse literally pumped lead into the flee ing bunillt, and the fact that he es caped with his life from the shower of bullets bears out the belief of many officers that he bears a charmed life. I.OCAI, MAX HAS I'APl'.ll TORN HY FATA I j lU'M.lCT Judge B. F. Adams of thla city, has in his possession an execution wht h Is one of a number of papers carried by Deputy Sheriff Vigil, and through which the desperado's fatal bullet passed. Judge Adams exhibited the paper last night, with the ragged hole square In the middle. The deputy, Frank X. Vigil, was a brother of the lute Kslavlo Vigil of this city, and wlih a po.-ise Including a ni mber of Indian scouts got on the rall of Walters after the hitter had held up a train at Helen, another at n way ntalion and performed various other spectacular crimes. Vigil and, his men succeeded In getting Walters and his pat away from their guns, but Walters began to parley, and while arguing with the deputy and tils men backed gradually within reach of the guns until hi grabbed a rllio and planted a bullet In the heads of Vigil and one of his scouts. Walters and his pal then mounted their, horses and fled Into Mexico und Ai'lxnnn. the capture being finally effected by offi,-,.r Thu'chrr of th, Wells Fargo Express company and a poyse, who, after killing Walters' pal and wound ing the outlaw, brought the latter to the penitentiary at Santa Ke for safe keeping. A change of venue was at first asked for to Roswell, but Walters finally entered a plea of (Oiilly through his attorney, Elfego Baca, now of this city, and took a life sentence. He had earned enough credit marks to entitle him to a rec-omni-inlatton for pardon, Walters' long experience as an out law and familiarity with the country makes It Improbable that he will tie captured, na he Is both cunning and dating, and It will take shrewd work to capture him. The killlng-of Vigil occurred In tho spring of DiS. LAIESlKRIFE 0 Breathitt Mob Shoots Up Coun ty Seat; Reported Plan to Raid Jail and Lynch the Prisoners I Br Mornlnt Jarnl 8pmHl lna Wlr1 Lexington, Ky., April 17. Lawless ness was triumphant In Jackson, Ky.. the seat of Breathitt county, on Sat urday night, according to persons arriving here today, who brought the first news of the disturbance. Friends of Jason Deaton, who was killed In a feud right with the family of Anse White a week ago, "shot up" the town, according to the reports, firing pistols into houses indiscrimin ately. No one was hurt, according to the Information brought here, but the guard about the Jail In which mem bers of the White family are held has been Increased. Reports continue to arrive here that the Deaton faction Is planning to rsld th3 Jail In an effort lo wreak summary vengeance on the Whites. HAD JAKE XOIU.K C U GUT IN BREATHITT CAPITAL Jackson, Ky April 17. "Bad Jake" Noble, the Breathitt county outlaw, who for months has been Bought, Is under arrest at Fiiyette vllle. Ark., according to the authori ties here tonight. A reward of $600 was offered for tho arrest of the slayer of Jailer Wes ley Turner and has been paid to the Arkansas captors of Noble, accord ing to tho statement, the prisoner in Fayottevllle' having boen fully Identl fled. Tlie assassination occurred last No vember, Noble Is accredited with having slain ut least three men be sides Turner. MOVE TO ABOLISH .USELESS COMMISSIONER'S Washington, April 17. A congres sional InvertUtitlon of government commissions with a view to the abo lition of Borne Ik provided for in a resolution Introduced In the house to day by Mr. Clark or Florida. it directs the speaker lo appoint a commission or rive members or the house to conduct the Inquiry and re port the title of every commission, board or other body existing by leg islative or executive authority, the duties, powers and responsibilities ot each, the personnel, number or em tiloven. salaries und other informa tion. ( Among the bodies thnt might be affected lire: The tariff board, the monetary commission, tho canal commission. Canadian boundary commission, etc. F Coroner's Jury Finds Proprie tors of Shiitwaist Company Responsible for Loss of Life in Washington Square Holo caust, (Df Mnrln Joornnl Sihm-ImI Tim4 WImI New York, April 17, Isaac Harris nnd Max Blanck, proprietor of the Triangle Waist company, who already are under indictment cnuigeu i" , nmuslauhtcr In otinectlnn with the i death of 14 5 employes by lire, were found by a coroner's Jury today to be responsible tor the death or one of the operators. The verdict was returned In the ense of Mary Herman, whose es'iipe from the ninth floor was cut off, It Is alleged, by a locked door. Harris und Blanck are responsible for the death, the verdict reads, "because of culp able and criminal negligence In full ing to observe the legal precaution of leaving siilil dor unbaked. I'll to I Gil I'kplOHlon. Weston, W. Va , April 17. One man was killed and four other seriously hurt when a gas line exploded near this place today. The men had un covered the pipe line to repair a leak whn a spark from a glancing blow of a hummer Ignited the gas. hit r Falls Ix-nil at Flip. Neosho, Mo., April 17, John W. Fherwood. slxty-lhree years old, presi dent nt the National Association of Firemen, chief of the Neosho fire d" pnrtment, died of heart dlsense today while directing the department at a local fire this morning. ACTOR! ' OWNERS SCORED FEDERAL MY BYTHfilLLIfJG HIVE WI LOST GROUND Daylight Expected to Find Con tenders in Hand to Hand Conflict in Streets of Agua Prieta; Douglas in Danger al ! COWARDLY INSURRECT0 COMMANDER DESERTS General Garcia Crosses Into Douglas and Surrenders to American Officer; Common Soldiers of Both Sides Dis play High Degree of Courage Hj Mnrnlnt Joirnal Bpet-si Ihm4 Win Agua Prieta, April 17, At 10:30 tonight the battle between tho Mexi can federals and lnsurrectos, wliich began at 6:30 this morning was) still on, nnd th fighting had been carried to the boundaries of Agua Prieta, by tho federals. The federals, by a thrill ing night movement, regained the ground lost during thd day and Indi cations were that daylight would lind tho opposing armies engaged in hand-to-hand conflict. Bnlasurlo Garcia, commander of the rebels at Agua Prieta, surrendered himself to Captain Gaujot of the First I'ulted States cuvitlry at 8:25 o'clock tonight. He came to the Una and ex plained that he was giving himM-lf Into tho custody of the American authorities as an individual and nut ss commander of the rebels. 4 itumov battu; UAGi FROM IAV. TIM, MIDNIGHT Aguu Prletu, Mex., April 17. (Via Douglas, ArhO From the Associated Press correspondent In tho field The most Important battle of tho Mex. Ichii revolution was fought hero to day between 1600 federals under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Din und loot, rebels under lJalasarlo Gur d, and resulted In the repulse of tho former. Tho battle, however, was not finally decisive. It lasted from tl:30 u. m. until sundown. At night fall two federal machine guns wero In possession of the enemy and the fed erals hud suffered a loss estimated by the rebels lis at least 200 klllod and wounded. The rebels report their own loss at twenty. From the beginning of the battle, regardless of the warning given by the United States government to tha lemlers of both forces, a rain Of bul lets poured into the American town of Douglas, nnd wh'jn tho day wus over It w'ns found that seven non combatants, residents of that city, had been wounded. it wns a day almost of terror In Dotigluw. When day broke it revealed the federal forces formed III fun-shaped battle line in the level country aoout a mile distant from Agua Prieta. with their machine guns In tha cen ter. They gave notice to the enemy of their .ippiuihii with a hail of bul lets from tho machine guns, support eel by rlliu fire, their evident Inten tion being to gain the international line witli its adobe suard houses and from this vantage ground turn their lire upon the rebels, Tho lnsurrectos directed their fire tit the crew manning the machine guns, but the fire of the federals was so fieri a that It forced them back to til lr second lino of entrenchments, Tiie federals advanced slowly. As they came nearer the fir of tho reb els became more effective, They scorned the protection of their iircastworks and moved out In to the open, rontlnulng to conccntrato their tire upon the machine guns. After three hours' fighting their do icnsfl proved too strong and tho fed eraU, unulile to carry tho trenches, began to retreat. Presently the ma- t htnn runs were slietnefl Sharp- i .....i ,.. , shoolers had made It Impossible to longer man them. Sheer exhaustion caused a lull In the fighting. At 11 o'clock the repuls-d federals had reformed and advanced to gain Hie boundary Hue, masking their movement with heavy rifle fire. The machine guns were silent. Tho reb els, nindo more confident by their ear ly success, returned eagerly to the eiKiunter. The Interval had been employed by them In the erection of new trench.is. The advance guard of the federals In this attack consisted of firty cav alrymen and .100 Infantry. Behind (hem was a supporting force under protect Ion of the trees and bushes. The federals reserved their fire, but from the rebel trenches initio an un ceasing stream of bullets. Those strik ing the dry earth made It appear as If u dust storm was raging, and at times obscured a view of tha con flirt. Tho advancing federals again found the stremith and determination of the lnsurrectos too great for them. They fell buck, but In good order, fir ing as they retired and loft the field, nnd their two ma iilna guns In the pimRf'SKlon of the eiiem'. The Douglas wounded are: