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Albuquerque morning journal. [volume] (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926, April 18, 1911, Image 1

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Uy Mall SO (Tut a Month; Single Cplc S OtrU
By vorrli-r. nil Ceiim a Month
Hesitates ' to Order Troops
Across Border for Fear Mo
tives Might Me Misconstrued
and American Lives Lost
President Believes Congress
Should Now Say Whether
Situation Is Grave Enough to
Warrant Intervention
By Mnrnlnf Journal flpcrtm Wlr'
Washington, April 17. President
Taft tonMht replied lo a message
from Governor Sloan of Arizona ask
iiiK protection for citizens of Douglas
from the fire of federals and ln-
surrectos that he was loathe to en
danger Americans in Mexico by tak
ing: so radical a step as sending Am
erican troop across the border to
prevent further fighting.
The president - in his telegram to
the rovernor raid the situation might
Justify him In ordering troops to cross
the border and attempt to stop the
fighting or to fire upon both contest
ants from the American Bide.
He hesitated to take such a step,
however, because of the possibility
of resistance and greater bloodshed,
and the -danger of having his motives
mk-conetrued and arousing the Mex
icans agalnrt the Americans now in
In ' t-w of the conditions there the
president felt he could not order the
l.o, ai Douglas to cross the bor
der, but he again emphasized the ad
visability of the people of Douglas
avoldir jr exposing themselves by fly
In: bullets, 5
TV. rai .-sage to tin president '. was
dated Douglas, 10;21 o'clock tonight.
It read:
'The President, Washington, D. C.
"As a result of today's fighting
across the International line, but with
in gunshot range of tho heart of
Douglas, five Americans were
wounded on this sld? of the tine. Ev.
erythlng points to repetition of the
casualties on tmorrow, and while
the federals seem disposed to keep
their agreement not to fire Into
Douglas, tho position of the insurree
tos Is such that when fighting oc
curs on the east and southeast of the
entrenchments people living In Doug
las are put In danger of their lives.
"In tny Judgment radical measures
are necd.-;d to protect our innocent
people, and If anything can be done
to rtop tho fight! Kg; at Agua Prieta
the situation calls for such action.
It Is Impossible to safeguard tiff peo
ple of Douglas unlqsg the town can
be vacated. Can anything be done
to relieve the situation, which is now
The reply of the president, prompt
ly transmitted, read:
"To Governor Sloan, Douglas, Arts.:
"Your dispatch received. Have
mad urgent demands upon Mexican
government to issue Iwtructions to
prevent firing across border by Mex-
lt an federal troops and am awaiting
reply. Meantime I have sent direct
winning to tho Mexicans and Insurg
ent forces near Douglas.
"I Inf r from jour dispatch that
both inirties nttempted to heed the
Warning, but that In the strained sit
in., nm and exigencies or tvie contest
wild bullets still find their way into
Douglas. The situation might justify
in" in ordering our troops to cross
the border and attempt to stop the
fighting, or to tiro upon both com
batants from the American side.
"Hut If I take this step I must
fii''t the possibility of resistance ind
sreater bloodshed, and alfo the dan
ger of having our motives miscon
strued 'and misrepresented, and of
thus Inflaming Mexican popular in
dignation against many thousands of
Americans now In Mexico and Jeop
ardizing their lives and property.
"The pressura for general Interven
tion under such conditions It might
hot lie possible to resist. It Is lm
pof. il, lc ti( foresee or reckon the con
eiiencp3 of such ft course and we
must use the gruiteat self-restraint to
avoid it.
"Pending an urgent representation
to the Mexican government, I cannot,
therefore, order the troops at Doug
las to cross tiie border, but I must
B!k you and the local authorities, In
fnse the same 'danger seems to
threaten, to direct the people of
fiointlrw, to plnce) themselves where
rtillets cannot reikch them, and thus
"veld casualties, I am loathe to en
danger .American in Mexico, where
they are neceasui lly exposed by tak
ing a radical ste ;i to prevent injury
to Americans on mr side of the bor
ll'r. who can avoid It by temporary
"(Signed) "Wlfl.UAM II . TAFT."
The president found the Mexlcnn
filiation demandinn his attention un
i lut .. hour, J The evening he had
"'M nt the tlilater. Itetnrning to
hp White HouLe, hp plunged Into
'"'"ifl-rallon Jf Die problem con
futing him. J
"kukvis W;m.Ks Miori.n
ASM jf ... itlMIHlNSHllUTY
Washington, April 17. President
Taft felt tonight that he had done
personally all that can bo done by
him to control the situation along the
Mexican border. He and his advisers
believe that now congress must say
whether the situation Is grave enough
to warrant Intervention and its con
sequences. Through the state department the
administration played what may be
regarded as its last card today. It
reiterated in no uncertain fashion the
representations made to Mexico a
few days ago, that affairs like that
at Douglas and Agua Prieta last week,
must not be repeuted. Instead of
awaiting the customary period for n
formal reply from Mexico, the de
partment asked for immediate assur
ances that there be no more fighting
that endangered Americans in the
border towns. Information was also
refluosted as to what measures the
authorities had taken to prevent fu
ture combats of this kind. A few
hours after the department an
nounced it had issued this second
demand, dispatches from Douglas be
gan to come into the war department
showing that the second battle of
Agua Prieta had begun. No reply had
been received tonight from the Mex
ican authorities.
The president plainly la worried.
He talked but little, the White House
folk said, about Mexico today, but the
bulletins that came through the war
department and through the prens.
were taken to him wherever he hap
pened to bo and read Immediately,
lie did not conceal the fact that he
was intensely Interested.
The president had two Important
conferences. .He talked with Secre
tary Knox in the afternoon and to
night he had a conference with Am
bassador Bryce of Great Britain. The
official explanation of Mr. Bryce's
visit was that he came to talk about
the proposed arbitration treaty be
tween the United States and England.
It Is practically certain that Mexi
co figured in the conversation. It Is
believed the ambassador explained to
Mr. Taft the landing of the British
marines at San Quentln, Mex., last
week. He was able to tell the presi
dent that the landing was made only
after Americans and British subjects
asked for protection.
In connection with Mr. Bryce's visit
a suggestion that there might bo Joint
Intervention in Mexico by the United
States and England was discredited.
It was pointed 'out that any such Joint
Intervention would be construed as
an acknowledgement by the United
States that this nation Is unable to
handle the situation and that it
would bo almost an abandonment of
the Monroe doctrine.
President Taft has told callers that
he dos contemplate sending a spe
cial message to congress relating to
the condition of affairs in Mexico. He
has shown to leaders of both the eon
t'tc and house the confidential corre
spondence dealing with Mexico.
He feels that few, If any of these
who have been taken Into his confi
dence, havo (ailed to agree with him
that the movement of troops to Texas
was justified. Ho thinks that since
the leaders In congress have practi
cally all the information he has, it Is
their Hity to take any further action.
, The president himself has let It be
known that no United Stutes troops
would cross tho line unless authorized
by congress and Secretary of War
Dickinson confirmed that statement
tonight. No one doubts that Inter
vention wcttld mean war. War in
Mexico, tho president's advisers say,
would meu a conflict that would
rage, for months, probably years. The
topography of Mexico, the mountains,
the insufficient means of quick com
munication and a dozen other things
that must ton flgurod would have to be
Intervention would mean a long
drawn-out struggle In which the
Mexican federals and the Mexican In
surrectos might soon bo found fight
ing side by side. Furthermore, Inter
vention would be likely to dissipate all
the good feeling that years of careful
diplomacy has created between the
United States and the I.atin-American
Third Assistant Secretary of State
Hale said that Kenor Manuel de Z't
mneona, the new ambassador from
Mexico, would be presented to Presi
dent Taft at the White House on
Wednesday afternoon.
One of the dispatches made public
at the White House from Colonel
Shunk, commanding officer at Doug
las, said three insurgents without
arms, "surrendered to us, and that
they are now being held as pris
Washington, April 17. Searching
inquiry Into the situation In Mexico
4s demanded In a resolution offered
In the senate today by Mr. Stone of
Missouri. The resolution calls on the
committee on foreign relations to un
dertake an investigation of the dan
gers to American and foreign lives on
United States territory.
Tiie resolution at Senator Stone's
request was tabled. Its author In
tends to make a speech appealing Tor
its Immediate adoption.
The resolution sets forth that a
"condition of turbulnnce and disor
der" prjvails In the republic across
tho Rio Grande, that the lives of
American citizens and their property
ure In Jeopardy, that the work on the
dam in the Imperial valley has been
retarded by existing conditions and
that Americans on this side of the
border have been killed and wounded
by flying bullets.
It refers to certnin European news
paper reports that foreign govern
ments contemplate Intervention by
force to protect the lives and proVer
ty of their citizens and to the landing
of British marines In lower Califor
nia. AXTT-Kii:i.i-:Trox
Mexlxco City, April 17. Approving
the measure proposed by Deputy
Bulnes, providing for the "no re-election''
of the president, vice-president
(Continued mi Page 2, Col. 4.)
Chamberlain, of. Oregon, De
clares Both Instruments Are
in Conformity With Funda
mental Law of United States,
Senator Sees No Reason Why
Judges, As Well As Other
Officers, Should Not Be Sub
ject to Popular Will,
Rjr Morning Juurnul Kpedwl Leaned Wire
Washington, April 17. Contend
ing that the constitutions of New
Mexico and Arizona are in accord
ance with the constitution of thj
United States, Senator Chamberlain
of Oregon today delivered an argu
ment In the senate In support of the
Brown resolution approving the two
He said there Is no reason why
members of the Judiciary should not
be rubject to the will of the' people
Ha much as other officials, and that
such a law would have no tendency
to deprive that branch of the govern
ment of lis independence.
Mr. Chamberlain made especial
reference to tho initiative, referen
dum and recall provisions in the Ari
zona constitution, urging that they did
not depart from the constitutional
guarantee of a republican form of
government. He also pointed out
that the constitution was similar to
the systems of Oregon, Oklahoma,
Montana and South Dakota.
Mr. Chamberlain defended the pro
vision for the recall of state officers,
Including Judges, contained in tho
Arizona constitution. He said there
Is no reason why members of the Ju
diciary should not be HUbJect to the
will of the people as much as other
officials, rnd that such ft law would'
have no tendency to deprivn that
branch bf the government of its Inde
pendence, Kltt'l'UMCANK WII.I, YOTK
Washington. April 17. "After a
thorough canvass of the republican
membership of the house I con say
positively a substantial majority of
the party will vote against the Can
adian reciprocity bill," said Repre
sentative Dwlght of Now York, the
republican whip, tonight. The bill
Ik to be out upon Its passage this
This will not prevent Its passage,
even though teveral democrats vote
agulnst the majority of their party.
When the reciprocity bill passed the
house In the last session a majority
of the republicans voted against it;
but the democratic majority in favor
of It has greutly Incruueed in the new
Five speakers participated In the
Five speakers participated in the
debate today. Kepresentatlve Ford
ney of Michigan, a republican mem
ber of the ways and means commit
tee, and Kepresentatlve Denroot of
Wisconsin, on insurgent republican,
(.poke against the bill. Representa
tives Harrison , of New York and
Peters of Massachusetts, democratic
members of the ways and means
committee, and Representative Crum
packer of Indiana, republican, advo
cated its passugs,
Mr. Lenroot gave an emphatic
statement of insurgent policies and
views. Questioned from the demo
cratic side, he said he opposed the
reciprocity agreement because he
believed it Increased many duties.
He (aid If democrats were sincere In
their desire to put more articles on
the free list they would attach the
free list to the reciprocity bill. He
accused them of wanting the presi
dent lo veto their freo list bill when
It finally passed, so as to make poli
tical capital for them.
Prominent Roswell Sheepman
Sustains Ugly Hurt Which
May Result in Death; Mem
ber Amputated
tftpM-lnl llptrh to the Morning Journal)
RoFwell, N. M April 17. Joe H.
Clements, aged 60, and twenty-five
years a Roswell resident, had his
right arm mashed off at the elbow
at his sheep ranch forty miles south
weft this morning while oiling the
engine to pump water for his sheep.
Ills sleeve was c aught In the cogs,
drawing In the arm. He was brought
to his home In Roswfll and the arm
was amputated tonight above the el
bow. Ills age and the great loss of
blood make his case critical. He Is
a prominent wool grower, having
7000 sheep.
Seven Hundred and Fifty Fed
eral Soldiers in Border Town
Prepared to Put Up Stout
Resistance to Invaders
(By Morning Journal Hprrlul Lmurd Wlrr
El Paso, Tex., April 18., 3 a. m.
Desultory firing haB been In progress
west of the city In Juarez since about
1:30 o'clock this morning and still
continues at this hour. It is Impos
sible to learn the personnel of the
forces engaged or their number, but
the 'federal officials and citizens of
Juarez believe the advance guard of
Madero's forces Is at their very doors,
and the coming of daylight will wit
ness the expected attack upon the city
that has been pending for several
In the city of Juarez there is much
activity among the forces of General
Navarro in making final preparations
'for the attack. Men, machine guns'
and other artillery have been placed
in position and all Is in readiness to
give the attackers a warm reception.
Citizens of the town are greatly
alarmed and many of them are cross
ing Into El Paso for safety.
At 6 o'clock last night It was
known authoritatively that from 1600
to 2200 men of Madero's forces were
at Bauche, seventeen miles south of
Juarez, under the leadership of Raoul
Madero, brother of the provisional
president and they were exceedingly
Impatient to begin the attack, but
were restrained In thler impetuosity
with difficulty pending the arrival of
additional forces from Casas Gramtes,
over the Mexico Northwestern rail
way, which 1r under the control of
the lnsurrectos. ,
The firing upon the federal oiit
poBts west of Juarez and In the vicin
ity of El Paso smelter thla morning
Indicates that the expected reinforce
ments have arrived and that the con
test for thf control i f the city is on
and ill be prosecuted with vigor
with the coming of day"ght.
The federal fasces in Juarei this
morning comprise about 760 men
tinder the fommand of General Na
varro, anl they are well , supplied
with ammunition and all modern
fighting appliances. The city hns been
fortified In every manner possible
and mines placed In every direction.
K the fighting takes place in the city
the slaughter is certain to be very
heavy, Juarez Is In position to with
stand some very heavy fighting.
United States troops are taking all
necessary precautions to keep the
citizens of F,l Paso out of the danger
zone, and there will be no passing
permitted today If the expected as
sault materializes, from the American
side as there !s a determination to
prevent a repetition of the results at
Douglas If possible. Thousands of
Juarez people have been on the
American side now for several days,
and will remain until the result ttt the
threatened engagement In known
El Paso, Tex,, April 17. Juarez Is
excited again tonight and expecting
an attack before morning. Troops
hive been throwing up fortifications
all day in all directions and soldiers
In Rqnads have been stationed on
the rooTs of buildings overlooking tho
town, while signal men on the tops of
the highest mountains have been wig
WHrf&ing. It Is believed there are In
8 lrrectos on the opposite side of the
American trainmen coming up
from Papallo, twenty-three miles
south of Juarez, whera they had been
Impressed In the service of the lnsur
rectos, report that Oulppe tlurlbaldl,
one of Madero's chief lieutenants, Is
at that point with 600 men superin
tending the preparations for bringing
up the rest of the main Chihuahua
rebel army from the south and that
Garibaldi said the attack would be
made tonight or tomorrow, Such re
ports or attacks contemplated are
frequently brought in, however. The !
rebel wounded from the buttle of
Bauche are at Sapallo,
Numerous Americans, and natives,
too, bring confirmation of tho killing
In the battle of Bauche on Saturday
of Oscar G. Crelghton, Hn American
soldier of fortune, who has lately
dynamited all the bridges south of
Juarei!, Crelghton commanded at the
battle Saturday, It is stated, and led
the charge In which Captain Porflrla
Hrnandes of the Mexican federal
army was shot. The men of the fed
eral captain's command centered
their fire on the American and soon
had him laid low with many bullets.
Crelghton Is supposed to he an ex
New York broker and to have a bro
ther who Is a broker In Phlludclphlu
and a mother in Boston. Many have
stated that Crelghton was not his
real name, but an 101 Paso girl who
Is said to have been engaged to marry
him knows him '-v no other namu
than Crelghton.
This afternoon the Mexican federals
found the body of Foderal Lieutenant
Abigail Jimlnei;, who was killed In
Saturuay's battle. The coyotes had
eaten his body badly. '
This afternoon there Ws tl sud
den scurrying In F.I Haso when four
troops of the FoHrs'i" I'nlted States
cavalry, lute from tQt Mad, H, D.,
Broncho Bill, Who Killed
Brother of Albuquerque Man,
Scales Wall of Penitentiary
At Santa Fe.
Believed to Be Heading for
Mexico With Every Officer in
New Mexico On Lookout for
Him; Reward Offered
No. 122, William Walters.
alias "Bronco IIIII.' escaped
from the New Mexico peniten-
tiary on the night of the 16th
of April, 1911. Age about 43 or
44 years. Brown hair, blue
eyes, face very much seamed.
Right arm from shoulder down
absolutely useless from gunshot
wounds. Size of foot. No. 5 or
6. Several email scars on head.
Five large burn scars above right
knee. Rather nervous In his
movements. His face wears an
almost contlnuul smile what
might be termed a quinlcal or
half amused smile.
Santa Fe, N. M.p April 17. Bronco
Bill Is at large.
This simple announcement Is
enough to make every officer of the
law in New Mexico apprehensive.
Bronco Bill, otherwise known as
convict No. 1282, and whnsa real
name is William Walters, after eleven
years of exemplary conduct In the
territorial penitentiary, and at a time
when he was assigned to the hospital
as "HI," made a during getaway from
the prison last night, atruck out south,
evidently toward the Mexican bor
der, and at last accounts was still
going, after bloodhounds had fol
lowed his trail for seven miles and
hud to give it up. Telegrams have
been sent by the penitentiary author
ltl?s to every county in New Mexico
and a sharp lookout will be kept on
every hand for the arrival of one of
the most notorious desperadoes the
south has ever known.
Bronco Bill was serving a life sen
tence for murder, sent up from Ho
corro county. For some years he
hns been a trusty nt Jhe prison. Aid
ed by another trusty, Kinch Mullen,
a long-term men from Roswell, In
some manner last night Walters so
cured a ladder and a rope. He bad
been lowered successfully over the
ouisiiie prison wall by Mullen and
the other was about to descend
when he fell, alighting on the ground
with a thud that entirely changed
his mind about escaping, He re
turned to the penitentiary badly
bruised this morning, after spending
(lie niglit outside and laid bare the
whole plot to the superintendent.
cowboy AM) i)i:spi:it ix)
Bronco Bill is one of the most no
torious bad men, gun fighters, train
robbers, murderers and all around
outlaws that ever terrorised New
Mexico, and his right arm Is shattered
and useless s.i the result of bullet
wounds received In battles with offi
cers of the luw. It Is said he has fig
ured In the leading role In no less
than six train robberies In New Mex
ico, and ho once got away with $40,
000 In Mexican silver as the result of
a hold-up. In a pitched buttle In
Socorro county he put a bullet be
tween the eyes and another through
the heart of Deputy Sheriff Vigil,
and one In the forehead of an Indian
trailer at a distance of 1000 yards.
Bronco Bill fled to Mexico, but
growing more daring he recrossed the
border into Arizona, where he was
captured after a spectacular battle,
the outlaw riding away from hi pur
suers on a horse and firing backward
at the posse ss he rode, until several
1"'ll," '"."'"'I''' " rlnht arm and he
was forced to surrender, The posse
literally pumped lead into the flee
ing bunillt, and the fact that he es
caped with his life from the shower
of bullets bears out the belief of many
officers that he bears a charmed life.
Judge B. F. Adams of thla city, has
in his possession an execution wht h Is
one of a number of papers carried by
Deputy Sheriff Vigil, and through
which the desperado's fatal bullet
passed. Judge Adams exhibited the
paper last night, with the ragged hole
square In the middle. The deputy,
Frank X. Vigil, was a brother of the
lute Kslavlo Vigil of this city, and
wlih a po.-ise Including a ni mber of
Indian scouts got on the rall of
Walters after the hitter had held up
a train at Helen, another at n way
ntalion and performed various other
spectacular crimes. Vigil and, his
men succeeded In getting Walters and
his pat away from their guns, but
Walters began to parley, and while
arguing with the deputy and tils men
backed gradually within reach of the
guns until hi grabbed a rllio and
planted a bullet In the heads of Vigil
and one of his scouts. Walters and
his pal then mounted their, horses
and fled Into Mexico und Ai'lxnnn.
the capture being finally effected by
offi,-,.r Thu'chrr of th, Wells Fargo
Express company and a poyse, who,
after killing Walters' pal and wound
ing the outlaw, brought the latter to
the penitentiary at Santa Ke for
safe keeping. A change of venue
was at first asked for to Roswell, but
Walters finally entered a plea of
(Oiilly through his attorney, Elfego
Baca, now of this city, and took a
life sentence. He had earned enough
credit marks to entitle him to a rec-omni-inlatton
for pardon,
Walters' long experience as an out
law and familiarity with the country
makes It Improbable that he will tie
captured, na he Is both cunning and
dating, and It will take shrewd work
to capture him.
The killlng-of Vigil occurred In tho
spring of DiS.
Breathitt Mob Shoots Up Coun
ty Seat; Reported Plan to
Raid Jail and Lynch the
I Br Mornlnt Jarnl 8pmHl lna Wlr1
Lexington, Ky., April 17. Lawless
ness was triumphant In Jackson, Ky..
the seat of Breathitt county, on Sat
urday night, according to persons
arriving here today, who brought
the first news of the disturbance.
Friends of Jason Deaton, who was
killed In a feud right with the family
of Anse White a week ago, "shot up"
the town, according to the reports,
firing pistols into houses indiscrimin
ately. No one was hurt, according to the
Information brought here, but the
guard about the Jail In which mem
bers of the White family are held
has been Increased.
Reports continue to arrive here
that the Deaton faction Is planning
to rsld th3 Jail In an effort lo wreak
summary vengeance on the Whites.
Jackson, Ky April 17. "Bad
Jake" Noble, the Breathitt county
outlaw, who for months has been
Bought, Is under arrest at Fiiyette
vllle. Ark., according to the authori
ties here tonight.
A reward of $600 was offered for
tho arrest of the slayer of Jailer Wes
ley Turner and has been paid to the
Arkansas captors of Noble, accord
ing to tho statement, the prisoner in
Fayottevllle' having boen fully Identl
Tlie assassination occurred last No
vember, Noble Is accredited with
having slain ut least three men be
sides Turner.
Washington, April 17. A congres
sional InvertUtitlon of government
commissions with a view to the abo
lition of Borne Ik provided for in a
resolution Introduced In the house to
day by Mr. Clark or Florida.
it directs the speaker lo appoint
a commission or rive members or the
house to conduct the Inquiry and re
port the title of every commission,
board or other body existing by leg
islative or executive authority, the
duties, powers and responsibilities ot
each, the personnel, number or em
tiloven. salaries und other informa
( Among the bodies thnt might be
affected lire:
The tariff board, the monetary
commission, tho canal commission.
Canadian boundary commission, etc.
Coroner's Jury Finds Proprie
tors of Shiitwaist Company
Responsible for Loss of Life
in Washington Square Holo
caust, (Df Mnrln Joornnl Sihm-ImI Tim4 WImI
New York, April 17, Isaac Harris
nnd Max Blanck, proprietor of the
Triangle Waist company, who already
are under indictment cnuigeu i" ,
nmuslauhtcr In
otinectlnn with the i
death of 14 5 employes by lire, were
found by a coroner's Jury today to
be responsible tor the death or one
of the operators.
The verdict was returned In the
ense of Mary Herman, whose es'iipe
from the ninth floor was cut off, It Is
alleged, by a locked door. Harris und
Blanck are responsible for the death,
the verdict reads, "because of culp
able and criminal negligence In full
ing to observe the legal precaution of
leaving siilil dor unbaked.
I'll to I Gil I'kplOHlon.
Weston, W. Va , April 17. One man
was killed and four other seriously
hurt when a gas line exploded near
this place today. The men had un
covered the pipe line to repair a leak
whn a spark from a glancing blow
of a hummer Ignited the gas.
hit r Falls Ix-nil at Flip.
Neosho, Mo., April 17, John W.
Fherwood. slxty-lhree years old, presi
dent nt the National Association of
Firemen, chief of the Neosho fire d"
pnrtment, died of heart dlsense today
while directing the department at a
local fire this morning.
Daylight Expected to Find Con
tenders in Hand to Hand
Conflict in Streets of Agua
Prieta; Douglas in Danger
al !
General Garcia Crosses Into
Douglas and Surrenders to
American Officer; Common
Soldiers of Both Sides Dis
play High Degree of Courage
Hj Mnrnlnt Joirnal Bpet-si Ihm4 Win
Agua Prieta, April 17, At 10:30
tonight the battle between tho Mexi
can federals and lnsurrectos, wliich
began at 6:30 this morning was) still
on, nnd th fighting had been carried
to the boundaries of Agua Prieta, by
tho federals. The federals, by a thrill
ing night movement, regained the
ground lost during thd day and Indi
cations were that daylight would lind
tho opposing armies engaged in hand-to-hand
Bnlasurlo Garcia, commander of the
rebels at Agua Prieta, surrendered
himself to Captain Gaujot of the First
I'ulted States cuvitlry at 8:25 o'clock
tonight. He came to the Una and ex
plained that he was giving himM-lf
Into tho custody of the American
authorities as an individual and nut
ss commander of the rebels.
itumov battu; UAGi
Aguu Prletu, Mex., April 17. (Via
Douglas, ArhO From the Associated
Press correspondent In tho field
The most Important battle of tho Mex.
Ichii revolution was fought hero to
day between 1600 federals under
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Din
und loot, rebels under lJalasarlo Gur
d, and resulted In the repulse of tho
former. Tho battle, however, was
not finally decisive. It lasted from
tl:30 u. m. until sundown. At night
fall two federal machine guns wero In
possession of the enemy and the fed
erals hud suffered a loss estimated
by the rebels lis at least 200 klllod and
wounded. The rebels report their
own loss at twenty.
From the beginning of the battle,
regardless of the warning given by
the United States government to tha
lemlers of both forces, a rain Of bul
lets poured into the American town
of Douglas, nnd wh'jn tho day wus
over It w'ns found that seven non
combatants, residents of that city,
had been wounded. it wns a day
almost of terror In Dotigluw.
When day broke it revealed the
federal forces formed III fun-shaped
battle line in the level country aoout
a mile distant from Agua Prieta.
with their machine guns In tha cen
ter. They gave notice to the enemy
of their .ippiuihii with a hail of bul
lets from tho machine guns, support
eel by rlliu fire, their evident Inten
tion being to gain the international
line witli its adobe suard houses and
from this vantage ground turn their
lire upon the rebels,
Tho lnsurrectos directed their fire
tit the crew manning the machine
guns, but the fire of the federals was
so fieri a that It forced them back to
til lr second lino of entrenchments,
Tiie federals advanced slowly. As
they came nearer the fir of tho reb
els became more effective,
They scorned the protection of
their iircastworks and moved out In
to the open, rontlnulng to conccntrato
their tire upon the machine guns.
After three hours' fighting their do
icnsfl proved too strong and tho fed
eraU, unulile to carry tho trenches,
began to retreat. Presently the ma-
t htnn runs were slietnefl
i .....i ,.. ,
shoolers had made It Impossible to
longer man them. Sheer exhaustion
caused a lull In the fighting.
At 11 o'clock the repuls-d federals
had reformed and advanced to gain
Hie boundary Hue, masking their
movement with heavy rifle fire. The
machine guns were silent. Tho reb
els, nindo more confident by their ear
ly success, returned eagerly to the
eiKiunter. The Interval had been
employed by them In the erection of
new trench.is.
The advance guard of the federals
In this attack consisted of firty cav
alrymen and .100 Infantry. Behind
(hem was a supporting force under
protect Ion of the trees and bushes.
The federals reserved their fire, but
from the rebel trenches initio an un
ceasing stream of bullets. Those strik
ing the dry earth made It appear as
If u dust storm was raging, and at
times obscured a view of tha con
flirt. Tho advancing federals again
found the stremith and determination
of the lnsurrectos too great for them.
They fell buck, but In good order, fir
ing as they retired and loft the field,
nnd their two ma iilna guns In the
pimRf'SKlon of the eiiem'.
The Douglas wounded are:

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