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THE ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL, MONDAY, DECEMBER 11. 1911.
FIVE URPLU FALTHY 5 II PDSTOFFICE S DEPARTMENT crvENUESlN EXCESS OF EXPENDITURES Postmaster General Frank H. Hitchcock's Annual Report Contains Interesting . Data Regarding Postal Business, jBr Morniiif Journal Special I:itd Win.) Washington. Dec. 10. For the first time since the Annual financial itutf nit'iit of the postoffiee depart ment shows a surplus instead of a dclikit, according to the annual re port of Postmaster General Frank H. Hiichcoek. made public today The postmaster general's report follows In part: -The revenues for the fiscal year f ruled J'1"'1 30, IS 11. amounted to j;377!t,s-3.60 and the expenditures td J23T'iO,T05.4!, leavlnK a surplus of j;i!. 1 1X.12. At the beKlnninK of the present administration In 1H09 the nostul Fervli-e was in arrears to thu relent of S 1 7.4 7 .77 0.4 7. which was ilecitledly the largest deficit on record. In the I rief space of tw o years this dclii'H has been changed into a sub stantial surplus. The wiping out of the deficit has l,,(.n accomplished without curtail ment of postal facilities. On the con trary, important extensions have been made In every brunch of the service. Since the opening of the present ad ministration there have been estab lished 3,744 new poBtoffices, delivery by carrier hits been provided in 1X6 additional cities, and 2.516 new rural routes, aggregating- 60,67 9 miles, have Wen authorized. Meanwhile the force of postal employes has been Increased by more than 8,000. In compensating inn employes the department fol lows a liberal policy. Last year the tutiil amount expended for salaries was approximately 114,000,000 great er than two years ago. The average annual salary has been Increased from ?69 to $967 for rural carriers, from $U7 to $1,082 for postoffiee clerks, front $1,021 to $1,084 for city Utter carriers, and from $1,168 to $1,1 S3 for railway postal clerks. Thus a marked extension of the postal ser vice and higher compensation for Its employes have gone hand in hand with a vanishing deficit. Postal Savings System. "An Important event of the year was the successful organization of the postal savings system. On January S, 1911, depositories were opened ex perimentally at a single postofflce in em li one of the 4 8 states and terri tories. After a careful test for four months at these offices the system was rapidly extended and now com prises practically all of the 7,500 presidential post offices, : Prepara tions uro being made to establish the yitcm also In about 40,000 fourth- class offices that do a money order business. "In the establishment of depositories only such posloffioes are selected as have a record for efficient manage ment. This plan has materially aided the department in its efforts to Im prove conditions in the postal ser vice. I-MablMinieiit of a Parcel's Post. ".Now that the successful operation of the postal savings system Is as sured, it Is hoped that congress will promptly authorize the establishment of a parcels post. The benefits of tb's service are widely enjoyed by the people of foreign countries and should be provided in the Vnited States. The department not only renews its rec ommendation of last year for legisla tive authority to start a parcels post on rural routes, but asks a similar au thorization for the Introduction of such a service In cltlea and towns having delivery by carrier. After the organization of a parcels post on rural route and in the city delivery tervlee is completed, its extension to Include railway and other transpor tation lines vcan be more readily ac complished without impeding the handling of the ordinary mall. I 1 U'tiJ list men t of Postage Itate. ".Next to the question of establish ing a parcels post, the most Import ant postal problem to be considered by congress at this session will be that of readjusting postage rates. In the last two annual reports of the de partment attention wis directed to the great loss sustained In handling second-class mail at the present low rate of 1 cent a pound. I a view of the great profit accruing, on the oth er hand, from first-class mail it was pointed out that a readjustment of rates on the basis of cost would event ually permit the adoption of 1 cent postage for letters. Hallway Mall Service Kcorjiinlzrxl. "'Following the imiuiry Into the cost of transporting mail on the rail roads the department started a thor ough Investigation of the railway mail service. In certain branches of that servi-e most unsatisfactory conditions were disclosed as the result of ineffi cient management. It was found that In some divisions tho chief clerks had not inspected their lines for sev eral years. Kmployces on certain lines were compelled to work excep tionally long hours, while In other parts of the service a sufficient period of train duty was not required. In many instances the s:initury condi tion of tho cars had been neglected and the health of the employes thus Jeopardized. The reports of the In spectors who made the Investigation showed that the government had been paying large sums for car space that was not properly utilized, indicating a lack of proper supervision on the part of the officers of the service. Owing to the conditions disclosed by the Investigation a thorough reorgani sation of the railway mail service has been undertaken. This reorganiza tion, although not completed, has gone far enough to bring about a de cided improvement over the unsatis factory conditions reported.. Aeroplane Mail Service. "The lirst aerial dispatch of United States mail occurred in September last, when 43,000 pieces were carried from Aeroplane Postal Station No. 1 on Nassau Doulevard to Mlneola, Long Island, The progress being made In the science of aviation en courages the hope that ultimately the regular conveyance of mall by this means may be practicable. Such a service, If found feasible, misht be es tablished in many districts where the natural conditions preclude other means of rapid transportation. Pensions l or Aeol FmploycB, "Almost without exception, foreign nations provide for the pensioning of civil service employees when they be come superannuated, ltrge corpora tions in same principle In the retire ment of their aged employes. On business grounds, if for no other rea son, the government should do like wise. " While the compensation tit posts! employes has been considerably in creased during the ljst tew years it is hardly more than sufficient to meet nectssary living expenses and vonse Hiuntly does not permit the putting vsnle of any considerable savings this country are rapidly adopting the agair.st old age. It is believed that a civil pension based on length of em ployment should be granted by the Rovernnieiit! Benefits to the service far outweighing the expense of such pensions would undoubtedly result." Assistant Pivliiinters t'lu -sifted. in accordance with tlie plan an-1 noutued In the last annual report as sistant postmasters have been recom- i mended to the Civil S rvlce commis sion for rlnsvlticatlon es rapidly as It was possible to ascertain ly careful : investigation tluir qiuiliflcutlons for efficient service. The effect of classi fication has been to stimulate these officers in the performance of their duties, and their greater efficiency has had a marked effect on the conduct of the postal service. The fact that clas sified employes In the lower grade are now eligible for promotion to the position of assistant postmaster has rendered their employment more at tractive, the result being a higher class of competitors In the examina tions for posiofflce clerks and letter curriers. liiidciitiul Postmasters CU-.iltod. "The considerations that led to the classification of the position of assist ant postmaster 111 presidential post oft ices a.iply with equal force to the postmastershlp Itself. A full measure of efficiency In the conduct of the postal service can not be expected so loin as the postmasters are subject to political control. The success that has attended the policy of reappointing competent postmasters shows th ad vantage of retaining the management of the service in experienced hands. In keeping with this policy the depart ment last year recommended the clas sification of presidential postmasters anil that recommendation is now ear nestly repented. I'laiululcnt I so ot MaiU. "The department's crusade against the fraudulent use of the mails, be gun In 1910, has been aggressively continued. Last year the inspectors assigned to this work Investigated a great variety of cases ranging from petty schemes for the commitment of fraud on a small scale to gigantic proj ects involving tho sale of worthless stocks In imaginary mining companies and other tlovftfev.-VVo'iiocrns. There were altogether 529 Indictments, and in these cases 184 convictions have been already secured, with but 12 acquittals. .Most of the pending cases will come to trial during the current fiscal year. Thu swindlers thus In dicted had fraudulently obtained from the public many millions of dollars. Iteports from the large cities indicate that numerous concerns utilizing the mails In a questionable manner have gone out of business us the result of the department's vigorous crusade. The publicity given the prosecutions through the daily press all over the country has been of great value In preventing Innocent persons from be ing defrauded. "Many Inspectors have been em ployed solely In the Investigation of cases Involving the fraudulent use of tho malls unil thus their attention has be n diverted from the important work of s rutinlzing the routine op erations Of the postal service. It is believed that the handling of all such fraud cases should be asrigne,! to the J agents of the Ueparunen. justice, thus relieving the postoft'L.v inspectors f a responsibility, 'he discharge of whiih seriously interferes with their U-U,ll ciutits." VACANT SCHOOL LAMDS IN BERNALILLO COUNTY NEW MEXICO HAS AGRlGULTURftL The list enuim rated Ik! vv contain-' the vacant school and Institution.. lands in liernalillo county on .cvem ber 1, 1S11. The same are subjoet to lease for grazing or agricultural purposes. Applications mav be wade for sec tions two and thirty-two subject to such laws us the state legislature may enact. lilank applications or further in formation in loguld U ilie rental price may b had on application to this office. Sec 16. T. 8 N., Tt. 5 K. Sec. :t. T. 8 N-. K. I E. Sec. Sti, T. N-. H- y See. 16. T. N., K. 4 F. Sec. 36, T. N.. K. 5 K. Sec. 16, T. 9 N.. K. F. Sec. 36, T. i. It. $ E. Sec. 16. T. N. K. Sec. 16, T. It) X- H. 3 Sec. S6. T. 10 N., It. S F. Sec. 16, T. 10 X.. R 4 K. Sec. 36, T. 10 N.. R. 4 F Sec. 16. T. 10 N . . R. 3 F. S,c 36, T. 10 N .. U. 5 F. Sec 16, T. 10 N.. R F. Sec. 16, T. 11 N ., R. I V.. Sec. 36, T. 11 N - i R. 1 ''" Sec. IB, T. 11 N.. R. r ': Sec 36 T. 11 N ., R. 5 F. Sec. 36. T. 11 R. F. Sec. 16. T. 10 N.. R. 1 W. Sec. 16! T. 10 N ., R. 2 V. Sec. 36. T. 10 N . , R. 2 W. Sec. 16. T. 11 N .. R. 1 W. Sec. 16, T. 11 X., R- 2 W. Sec. 36. T. 11 X', R- 2 W. Institutional lands. SW 1-4 SYV 1-4 Sec. 15, T. 10 N.. R. 3 K. ii TEXAS GIRL TO BAKE FRUIT CAKE FOR TAFT Pallas. Tex.. Dec. 10. -The Taft family has asked a contribution to wards Its Christmas dinner. It Is a Vruit cake that Is wunted, and the request will be compiled with. Just before Christmas, 1910, Miss Hattie Hrandenluirg of this city, with somewhat of a reputation In culinary lines, baked a fruit cake and sent It to the president. Mrs. Taft ac knowledged the receipt of it and said Mr. Taft enjoyed it very much. Much to the surprise and lelight of Miss Uralidenburg she recently re ceived a letter from the White House asking if it would be possible to ob tain another of those delicious fruit cakes ior this Christmas dinner. It Is being prepared and will he sent. 4- Mayor Keldcl to Run Again. Milwaukee, Dec. 10. Mayor Soldi I, socialist-democrat, will again go be fore the people of Milwaukee as .' candidate for re-election In the mu nicipal election next April. Returns from a number of the branches of the social-democratic party in the city to which a cull for nominations was sent, indicate that Selilel is without opposition In hla party. The call for nominations is prelimi nary to a party referendum. Try a Journal Want Ad. Results FUTURE R. 0. Yoakum, St, Louis Finan citr, Visiting City, Predicts Great Things for New State. "I have great faith In the agricul tural future of New Mexico," said K. 1. "Yoakum, of St. I.otils, last evening at the Alv.-tmdo hotel. Mr. V oakum bad just arrived from St. Louis oxer the Helen eut-eff, en route to the. Pacific coast. Mr. Yoakum, like his distinguikb-d brother, 1!. p. Yoakum, chairman of the board of directors of the Kok Island lines, is a great believer in ag riculture, and although a financier with a home in St. Louis, he has l.ooa acres of alflafa near Pcrtales, In Roosevelt county. "There is no question but that with the grunting ol statehood to New Mexico its Wonderful resources will be developed. ! believe there Is some of the richest alfalfa land In the world in New .Mexico, and there is no ques tion that a large portion of New Mexi co Is fortunate in having water in im mense quantities near the surface and easily within reach of the power of small engines used to operate pumps. "It can thus lie seen that irriga tion hy pumping will have ft great deal to do with the future of New Mexico." Among his other Interests Mr Yoak um Is vice president of the tjuaimh, Alius and Pacific railway, having about fifty miles of line built out ot Altus, Texas, and a projected railroad to the southwest. It was not the r pinion of .Mr. Yoakum, however, that any lare uinount of work would he done on these projects immediately. "The railwas of the country are not lushing Into new territory us they once did, preferring to let the country largely support the Hue an It is built," was hl comment. "It is very easy to project a rail road," he said, "and ordinarily a road inn be graded on the bonuses that n ro raised from the towns through which It will pass, but when It cornea to going into the markets and getting sure enough steel for the lilies, that is another question, und therein lies the difficulty that many promoter.! fail to take into coilslderatioti when bey start projecting railroads." Mr. Yoiikkuin will remain In the city today for tho purpose of looking alter some business matters before proceeding west. . Waul to PimIm)ih Rate Cases. AVntihingloii, Doe. 10. On account of the two vacancies In the supreme court a movement has been started to have the group of state railroad rate cases assigned for argument on January S, 1 U 1 -. postponed for a full bench. These cases Involve the con stitutionality oi' the state rates In Missouri, Minnesota, Oregon, West Virginia, Arkansas and Kentucky. In bach cane the claim Is made that the laws burden interstate commerce by I exiictliiir a low state rate. Explains Rise In Price Of Sugar, Fd'tor Morning Journal: In your Issue of December S, page 3. column 3, your Washington tele gram dated December f states: 'Kepri-seiit.ilive Haker ot Califor nia, drew from V. T. Willett (a sugar expert I to.ore the house investigat ing committee today, the oiugliifude of the profit made by the beet sugar interests on the rise to the consumer which began last June." The question was asked me recently by two quite Intelligent persons what was the reason sugar was o much higher In Albuquerque than in the east, when ! answered that the price had al-x risen there. 1 was tel l that the article could st'll be bought ut the old price. Fvidi-ntly this Informa tion was had from toad order house catalogues, where twenty-tlve pounds of sugar is offered for $1, when a bill of groceries of a staled amount is bought at the same time. The article follows. "Mr. Willett said that when the New York price of sugar advanced a corresponding tire was announced in the west, although the beet sugar re fineries of Colorado and California had an enormou supply of their pro duet on hand." "Why did the beet sugar manufac turers of California raise their prices just because New York refineries, three thousand miles away, did so? Mr. linker asked. Answer "liecause it was good buslners." "That Is what Is known as good business Is It Answer "Yes, of course If they had not done so, they would have been called focds lr they gave away two cents profit on a pound." The first section of President Taft's message concludes as follows "Do we desire to make such ruth less cemblnatlon and monopolies law ful? When all energies are directed not toward the reduction of the cost of production for the public benefit by a hculthlul competition, etc, etc. This is part of his reply to a "cry" as he states there Is lor a repeal i" the anti-trust law. I wonder where that "cry" comes from? One of the parties mentioned that 1 talked with told me the reason of the high price of sugar was the "middle man," but Mr. Wlllets' reply to Rep resentative Haker dots not show that to be the reason. AH hail a federal corporation law that will regulate prices of coiuodltles besides railroad rates. Yours truly, 11. C.I.FASON. Albuquerque, Dec. 6, 1911. EX-GOVERNOR'S SON LANGUISHES IN JAIL Seattle. Wash., Dec. 10. Malcolm C Patterson, sm of Former Governor Patterson of Tennessee, stunt Sunday in jail here In default of Ija.ooo tall, fixed by the Kitsap county superior tourt yesterday when he was held on a iharge of assault in the first de gree ft-r shooting It. T. Seal, a Port orchard liveryman. Seal s condition Is serious and if he fails to survive the charge against Patterson will be i bunged to murder. Patterson, who is a law graduate of Cumberland university, Tennessee, declined to discuss his case, furthef than to declare that he shot In self detense. Patterson's father Is expect ed to arrive tn tew days. His wife who Patterson said was a niece of the Confederate general. John Mor gan. Is living at Lebanon, Tenn. HOLD-UPS EVENTdOK VICTIM'S GOLD TEETH Spokane. Wash., Dec. 10. Frank Stow ell. a farmer living near Spangle, was held up by two men here today and robbed of $120. Tru robbers noticed his gold filled teeth and pried out two of them. They overlooked, however, a roll of bills in Stov ell's overt oat pt ket amounting to $7M. Morn fiiierlllns Surrender. Manila, Dec. 10. The guerilla bands of Muros In lite Jolo district against which American detachments huve been operating for the lust few weeks, have capitulated. Three hun dred riries have, teen Riven up and peace now seems assured for this dis trict. All other districts In the Is lands are quiet. IiU'kers Trial Regius Today. Chicago, Dec. 10. Co nisei for the Fnlled Htntes government In the trial of J, "igden Armour and nine other Chicago packers, charged with crim inal violation of the Sherman anti trust luw, said today that It was ex pected the Introduction if evidence in the case would heglu late tomorrow. Pitdiibs in Factional Row. Chicago, Dec. 10. Further Impetus was given the factional fight In the prohibition party today when XV. C. Cablerwood. secretary ot the prohibi tion national c mnuittee. Issued an ap peal to all prohibitionists urging them to join the progressive prohibition league In efforts to unseat Charles H. Jones, national chairman. Cal denvood's appeal reiterated charges of mismanagement previously made against Chairman June. A ITflc-tleal Wish. It was at dinner, and there had been chicken for dinner, of that fowl the little daughter of the house vv.'.i particularly fond. She had partaken of It with great freedom. And then she said, "Please, 1 want some more chicken.'' "You've had nil that's good foi' you, Margery,' said her mother. "I want some more.' "You cun t have any more, dear. Put here's the wishbone for you ami tiiammu to pull. That will be fun. You pull on one end and mamma will pull on the other, and tho one who gets tho longer end will get her wish. Why, Margery! You got the big end! Now what dltl you wish for " "More chicken," said Margery. Pha got It, too. Cleveland Plain Dealer. . A Had t old. She was a shiftless, slipshod crea ture, not very bright, not very strong, who used to come around once In a while to tell her tale of woe, accept a bundle of old clothes und perhaps earn u little by some odd Job of cleaning. The family had missed her for weeks; then she reappeared. "Well, Leslie, where have yon been?" "oh, I been hnvln' the worst tuck! First I had tt bone felon an' coultlnt use my hand any for two weeks. Then 1 had neurit Igy pains In my shoulder and couldn't usu my arms nnyi Even now 1 got such a col,) In my henj I nln't been able to use my head for a week." Youth's Companion. A 1 1'"" "ilmiM ni i 'i n mil liini it r lleJlfct. Sim "7TT ! Boost For New Mexico Every CountyEvery Town sit s f T f THE ANNOUNCEMENT BY THE ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL THAT IT WILL I IN THE NEAR FUTURE ISSUE A i anj I K t t NEW MEXICO HISTORICAL STATEWIDE RESOURCES EDITION i is meeting with the approval of public spirited citizens in all parts of the state. This edition, which will cover the entire state, will be the largest and most complete story of New' Mexico's wonderful and unlimited resources ever presented. t Every page of this edition will be replete with interesting reading matter and convincing photos. The best writers in the country will describe 4 - what has been done for the development and what the future has to offer to the Prospective Homeseeker or Investor. m. . jmm ya a 1 V A f 1 t .1 1 si TU r-lKtrikiihnn nf this. New Mexico s hirst LomDlete btorv or btatewide Resources, is being arranged tor, east, west, norm ana soutn A 11 V MlVi4lsUVVi ' - j A a" ( at the most advantageous points. The Albuquerque Morning Journal, always for-the best interests and welfare of All New Mexico, will spare no expense to produce the Best I From San luan to Eddy County-from Union to Grant County, the story of New Mexico's Greatness will be told. I ........ tcj.j.J.i.xi.xxxl..t.xj.J.J.XU,X,4,4,4,4, 1 Boost for New Mexico Every County Every Town j i 2