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New Mexico Historical and Resources Edition
THE ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL, ' SEVEN. . M 1 TUCUMCARI, COUNTY SEAT QUAY CO. -I'M I ' - ' ; - ; vj' jl Tucumcari, the Terminus of Four Railroads; Has a Fertile ' Surrounding Country Located in tlio midst of a fine farming and stock-growing country, this , city of Tucumcarl has had ;i re markable growth in recent yearn, and possesses all the characteristics necessary, to a still more rapid and progressive development, In the years to como. Tucumcarl was established in 1902 by the Rock Island railroad company. Now ten years after that organization, Tucumcarl has over 5,000 inhabitants and is the terminus of three railroad systems. Tucumcarl is the center of a country originally devoted to the growing of cattle and sheep, but with the development of the city came realization of the agricultural possi bilities. Development for artesian wa ter was commenced. Irrigation ditch 'eg built, and the whole countryside took on an air of prosperity and pro gress. The city takes its name from a low mountain near the townsile. Dry farming is a great feature In the development of this section, and as the area nearby is one which an nually receives a larger amount of water thnn most New Mexican regions this class of agricultural develop ment is doing very well. Tucumcarl is the terminus of the Rock Island line, the El Paso South western and the Tucumcarl and Memphis. The Southwestern', branch line to the coal fields of Dawson also ends hero, and the town Is an Im portant point in the handling of all the great output of coal which comes down from these mines. Modern Improvements In the shape of public utilities are located at Tu cumcarl. Water plant, electric light, modern telephone system with toll line connections to the rest of the southwest, ice plant and modern sow er system ure included in these pub lic utilities. The city has ninny modern build ings. It is tbo center of Quay county from an agricultural and Commercial standpoint, and Its development has been in accordance with these facts. It Ik the county scat of the county, and has a splendid new court house which is one of the best ever erected for the money. This courthouse was built In 1902, and accepted by the county commissioners In 1903. The building cost only about $10,000, but Is a marvel of convenience and well adapted to the uses for which it was intended. Quay county was orgunlseed but a few years ago, largely from Ouadn lupo county, and with small portions taken from San Miguel and Union counties. Until tho completion of the Rock Island to Tucumcarl, the region was chiefly used by stockmen and was thought of little value, but ns the railroad entered tho region, thicker settlement followed, and today the region surrounding Tucumcarl is one of the most prosperous in New Mexico. Tucumcarl Is a division point on tho Southwestern, shops, yards and terminal facilities being located there. The monthly pay-roll from these shops, and from the railroad men making their homes In the city is a substantial factor in tho commercial life of the town. The soil surrounding the county seat is of a sandy, loamy character, and has the peculiar characteristic of holding water for a long timo. Thla is especially valuable In the present days of dry farming, and is beneficial In that the general rains for that sec tion seldom take plaiu earlier, than the month of June. The country has many opportuni ties which are worthy of development such as the buildings of small dams and irrigation projects which have not I i - i ' yfi -, .n 111 J been developed, and several projects of larger "hIkc Tucumcarl Is substantially built, and bus many fine buildings. A school house, one of the first good buildings erected after the formation of the town, cost about $S,0OO, the courthouse, two good bank buildings, several fine churches, all are well built and substantial and of a charac ter to ornament the city in which they are placed. Tucumcarl's business men are hust lers and are doing a great work In building up the city. I'lllSl' NATIONAL RANK. Tbo largest and oldest banking in stitution la Tucumcarl is the Klibt Nutinul bunk. It won organized in 10J, as a National bank, with u capi tal of $26,000. The hunk is one of i In: finest in the state, and wus creeled at a cost of $37,000. it is handsomely furnished and tho Interior Is finished In marble. The officers of tho bank are 11. H. Joins, president; A. U. Simpson, vice president; Karl George, cashier, and Thomas N. Lawson, as sistant cashier. There aro twenty stockholders in the bank and their approximate wealth Is estimated to bo over $ a, 000,01)0. They are business men exclusively and reside in Tucum carl. The bank building Is a two story brick and tho post office and United States laud ofl'ics arc located In the different pints of tbo building in addition to the bank. Delow will be found a statement of the bank at the close of business, December 0, 1911: Resources. Loans and discounts $21 3.774.90 Overdrafts 1 .li.'tii.uO IT, S. bonds pur 7.1.000.00 Blocks, bonds and See 1 1,2X11.42 Bk. Hldg.. Kuril. t Fix 4H.4ill.25 Other Real Estate 17.N00.O0 Cash and sight exchange.. 8.S.331.47 Total $tj4, 2110.04 Liabilities. Capital 60,000.00 Surplus and rofils 1 0,4:i!Uiii Circulation 50.000. 00 Deposits 34",srU.!X Total , , J454.290.ri4 Directors: II. H. Jones, A. H. Simp son, I. C Hnrnos, Joseph Israel, A, . Ooldoiibcrg, Donald Stewart, L, U. Morris. TVCIMCARI'S NTKAM LAl'XimY Tucumcarl has a steam laundry that It can well lie proud of. It was built several years ago and two years ago tho present management took po sesslon. The company now is n stock company and Charles t. Mc Crae, the manager, has the controll ing Interest The company In tnoor pilted f;.r $U00ft and llie plant la tho finest and best ciiuippcd one in the stale. Hvcry piece of machinery Is thoroughly modern and up-to-date, Rnd the laundry has a very large trade with the surrounding coun try. The 'orrltory extending as far east at Olathc, Kus.. and Sayre, Okla. West the laundry dues work ns fat us Dur.m, N. M., and north n far ns Dansin. In tho latter city only thi h Mpltal work Is bandied'. Mr. McCrne was formerly engaged In trie laundry business In Clarendon, Tex., UP to two ytnrs ngo. He Is a well ex perienced laundryman and is con stantly adding new customer., to his ulrcndy large trade. Tho laundry also does a great deal of work for the Rock Island system, handling their dining car and eiulng house laundry. M. It. (iOMVT.MU KG. Tbii M, H. tloldonlicrg company Is one of 'be hi steles rf Tucumcnrt. It Is tin' pioneer iceicr-ntllc house of fc cltv rr.rt w.is CKti.b'ished when Tucumcarl was a very small village and known as Liberty. The company Is Incorporated for J.Mi.flou and Is of ficered by business men who are fa miliar with every detail of the gen eral merchandise line. The store is located in the west end of tho elf's business district and carries a J.'iO. 000 stock of merchandise. During the pant year tho grows business of tho firm was over $200,000. Mr. (Joldenherg is the owner of th" orig inal townslte which comprised 1110 ncres. Since locating In the city ho has added 4 SO more ncres and has them iiit on Into building lots. Tho c-nnpuny also does a wholesale busi ness for fifty miles around the fit v. They rue clso shippers oT hides, wool, ilc. and ship several carloads every vonr. i: as opei: not si:. The Kvans Realty company owns nnd controls the opera bonne, which Is onu of Ihc finest In Ihe slate. The theater Is 47x87 feet; the stage Slx47 and the- seating capacity 522. The house plays road attractions during the season and when, no phi. In sli-iw are playing the city tho management runs moving pictures. The Kvans lleulty company was In corporated about six cut's ago with $2,liao capital, In shares of $100 each; (I. W. Kvans. Jr., was then and Is still the manager of ilie company, and lis principal Mloct-.tiDldcrH and Its $100 shares are now worth over $ti00 per share. The company has enjoyed a good business from the start, having made a lingo proportion of the sales ill city prop -rty and a few sales in land. It has also loaned lor outside parties considerable money. The manager of the company Is a great believer in the future of Tucumcarl and Quay coun ty. He ticllovcs that if we get a load from Clovis or Texlco, the Normal school which has been provided for in tho constitution or the Irrigation project, which bus been decided In Tueuiiicarl's favor today, that we will soon have a large city here, and that It Is reasonably certain that wo will get all these things. The rail road from Clovis has already been surveyed at a cost of ahout $10,000 by Its company, and the other end of the line Is being built In this direc tion. Our Cock bland railroad from Dalhart, the Daw-ion railroad from French, Choctaw rallro.nl from Ain aiilln and Kl Paso M Southwestern from III I'a'-o, anil our lovely climate almost assure us of tho Normal school. The place we have selected for u darn on the, Pajorlto creek, which dam will 'conserve enough wa- i . j tcr to irrigate 25,000 ucros of land, la 'f naturally one of the best places In .jj New Mexico to build such u dam. Our soil below the d,um and indeed In all . i purls of tho county Is rich and fcr- 4 tile us the land In Kentucky, and II- , . llnols. Our uurfaco water and our underground water Is such us will make any kind of vegutatlon grow . under irrigation, The city of Tucumcarl has In ami around It about 4.000 people, and the ' county over 15.000. Where farming j Is not dune thousands of bead of cat- i.-i: on our nutritious grass- , I tin are raised cs without any other feed (in account of the drouth for the last few ycura land and city property can he bought at tho present tima very reasonably, and we simply say to an Investor In come hero and look at It for themselves, and wo think wo can convince them. This company also looks after thn. taxes for non-residents for $2,110 per year, which tuxes If not listed with the assessor lire ruined one-fourth by him under the law. Wo have one specl.it bargain on i band at (be present time, nnd .hut Is. one hundred and sixty acres of land, susceptible of being cut into city lots, adjoining the city of Tucumcarl. If customers desiring to buy land will come here at once we can get them what He consider great bargains In deeded land, under thu proposed ir- , I'lgalion ditches. i" i .SHEEP' ARE AT HOME HERE, f vi- '. - ,"1. H fyi 4s-av i V' . 'r'K . ' ? 1 r. I (V ' " IIOi'J'OMLESS PIT NEAR Tl'C l MCARI A SCENIC WONDER, m ThSbMlin Farm At Hindis1 One of the as ' u- n 'i- Largest In State Eos (Continued I'roni Page One.) At present tho main crops are al falfa,, wheat, corn, - vegetables and pork, but gradually fruit trees aro be ing set out, nnd grape cuttings start ed . In Oi:few years it, 13 exp-M-ted that tlto peaf: orchard and vineyard will bring in the greatest returns as they have dime jn other parts of the Kio tirsnde. yallcy. The aoll is Ideal for orchard.- purposes iu that it Is in a. largo measure oompored of two feet of sandy loam overlying a clny subsoil. The alfalfa hay is stored in largo barns when baled, in order to pre-, serve Its green color, each cutting last. year, nnd all aro stored for plant ing during tho present season In an endeavor to secure seed that will be successful in the valley of the Rio Grande. Thy famous Kl Paso onion is also being given a trial alongside of the Gigantic Gibraltar and Dcmla. varieties. There is no place where the onion thrives as in New Mexico, yields of over 1,000 bushels having been recorded several times nt the Agricultural college, and 40.000 pounds by truck farmers. Since celery does so well in this region, six acres are to be planted thii year. It Is .veil known that ci I- BsHt'rw'ii'jiC'trf1"' " ' JfC, '',f-"(trrNs 5 IS 'I f ' 1 i '! l.j fox '.v W fhiMiUiJf '1' i r, i ? ' r r t. ' .W i i. Js i ; vi IT" yh r '-'' 4 -yt ' i 1 , , 4 . K ...... A SHADY SPOT ALONd THE DITCH ON THE SOI TIIWES'IERN I'AltM. AN IHRIG TIO DITCH ON THE SOI THWI STERN FARMS. placed by Itself so hs to supply the demand of purchasers for any crop desired. Lort year four cuttings were secureJ from the older seeding and crop of wheat and one cutting of al falfi from the spring sowing. This year larger yields will be secured by Inter Irrigation and then cultivation Alfalfa seed Is a most profitable crop, for with the price of seed where it now is the ability to the threshed stems and leave for stock feed and besides a f;rt cutting of hay and a later clipping makes this feature a better one than that of plain hay'ng. lefiarice wheat was s.n last spring with the new alfalfa, but for so roe cause did not fill nut very well, thooajh the yield In place was tory good. Most of the crop was sold. b:it nmig-h was retained to srrin-l Into flour to wnnly the needs if the f.irm. Th5 Kothwtern is tb first concern adopt the new state flower the nwmw as a brand, and now pro duce Cosmo flour of gvd quality. Among the minnr crop are corn. ata. beans, anrghntn, potstoe and onions. Irlrb potatoes did fairly well crs from n'h' exc-ii ?:; Gr'in'e ve!'-v celery, so wllen it gr n 1.1 'fi- load lots it cn succ.-svo.lv ' j'h pete with the California product Thomas Ijingstaff. who has grown celery In Kngland and Missouri, is the gardn T in charge. Raising hugs on alfalfa bai lieen earrloU t,n long enough In other re gions, but there are not many farms In N--w Mexico that have given this phase of farming verv much alten tion. The heg ure pasture! on al fjlfa until nearly rae"v f..r marker wren thev are finished n '' 'r -.rn or liarl. v . l:egi-tere, 1:. rks'.ures. descendants of Ji.uOU boar, sre the onlv kind that fire to marketed, though others ar now n I -d f..r use on Ihe farm. Vvhll- our wills sre vearlv improved by river ' posits and mac not r-.iure fertilizers. et where mamr- Is used th- wilts po.re then warrant Ihe extra rxpeinr. C.in-s-M,urntlv by feeding a Ixrire nmri-lx-r of hogs. shep and cnll'e as is the practice on the South w-'.-rn. the land Is continually tiecorn'ri i-ttcr and will bring Increased re'.nm. M. H. Si huta. formerly if to- New Mexico Aaxteiiltural collg. is tne manager of this rait farm. Assisting I, t ,-l'H . - f&aU WF" 1 i-. - .. - A Ti Jim . k j- ew , , t r L " ;- j - -v-if r i' t 4. I ' ' . ' J 4L 71 XrzlJl& tVJ&S4 IW OF lOS Lt NAa' lllMNLfS UOl'bts LOW Lit ONE AT l'ULVLTA. . Jl blui are V. A. Ijibsi II. also of the Ag ricultural college, li mi George Davis, both practical farmers. Tim help em ployed Is mostlv native, but there ure some len American families on Ihe place us well who have been brought over from the Kslamia valley, 'jluro Is no labor ipiesllon, for with l ien In IIiiiiikIi the vleld In place was very workmen, fair treatment, good rrculs and nngi-s. nmrc men ure to o' I -'1 than em be given emidov nielli. I:e tigioiiM services ure held every Sun day ami a class has been -lr-Miil.i-d fur the children on the r.irni. I i.im cbarge who ure loed lo IviiiiMiniT services and come to entertainment held nt intervals. The workmen sub- -vw "'V v- J,,' v :T . r. ---.. 41 l-w. -; s.;'- k w-' j , , 1 9 ! LOS LUNAS, COUNTY SEAT OF VALENCIA COUNTY 1 , V 1 a..-... - i n i ii i i -I ,1... I 1. II. - -I. I - ' ' I " .11. .11 "' "-- set ihc In sickness an. I accident In surance which provides for llieiu In raso of mii.fiirtune. The farm Is uiibpio for this m-c-tion of the country in that accurate acioe.nt Is kept of what each man dues and the expense of growing every one of the crops. III later years this Information will he of grout ben efit to new settlers who desire to know what returns may be expected from different crops and the probable cxpeiu-e Involved In each crop. It will also prov e of s rvlco to men who are looking for larjr? Investments and prove to them that agriculture on a large Male Is as profitable here, If not runic so, ns In any part of (he world. THRLMILH 1M b O.N fcOlTHW ESXLRX 1 ARM.