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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
THIRTY-FIFTH YEAR, VOL. DRASTIC REVISION OF TARIFF PROPOSED IIJ UNDERWOOD BILL INTRODUCED IN EXTRA GRAVE FEARS MAY HAVE UNITED President Wilson Strongly Favors Putting Measure Through as Whole While Friends Advise That Taking It Up Sched ule by Schedule May be Necessary in Order to Insure Free Wool and One Cent Duty on Sugar fcr Three Years Only; Democratic House Floor Leader Says Policy of Fight Depends Upon Exigencies That May Arise During Debate; Overman Finds Serious Disagreements in Upper House. (Br Morning Jiiurmil 8in-rl.il l.iieil Mire.) Washington, Apiil 7. Tin- 1 n -crntlc party, In lull possession f tin-' executive una legislative branches of the national gov el I1IIH-I1I. Iml.lX turn nl tin- wheels uf legislation toward n roxision uf I III' l.u H I'. I.CIld(TS Of til'' """ .I ' H, lltf'll to the t'ountry a built Mil, I'lunin.ou-' In detail, Mini radical in it i ifupi -il reduction of existing duties. As li whole, It was tin' product of debate ml study I'y Hie democrats from 111'' tiim- tiny came int.. tin- majority in the house two years ago. t.u t it il rcsciitcd particularly tni ioin luMii-ui-of Hie house ways and niiatis commit tee, iittrr several months of xvnrk. II rarrii'il ulso tin: approval of tin- presi dent. Coincident "ill" H- Introduction of tin- measure In thi- house in the open ing hours of a session, called espe cially to rex ise tin: tal.'f. tin- presi dent as turning oi t in ins mind questions of procedure nil strategy uion which the success or failure of the party program may depend. While the democratic majority in the house is sufficient to secure tariff revision ly a single, bill or .y a series of hills, embracing separate schedules, the sit uation In the senate admittedly is dif ferent, us sectional interests already have produced iiilKnments which make the question of a single bill, or a scries of bills, all-important. Seven of the democratic members Of the senate finance committee, headed by Chairman Simmons, told the president today that an attempt to put through a single bill would be hazardous. With all schedules mold ed in a singlo bill, tln-jr argued that the enemies of separate si hedules, feeling a certain pressure from their constituents who might be adversely affected, would unite and the whole measure could be defeated. I In president said ho did not believe any of the democratic senators would seels to shoulder the responsibility for de feating the program of the party. He nevertheless heard 111 detail the argu ments advanced for n schedule by schedule revision and decided to con sult again With Ilcprescntatlv e Oscar 1'ndorvvooil, leader of the house, who favors thii single bill program. The president talked the situation over with Mr. I'ndcrw 1 late today. The latter declared as he left the White, House that the president still was undecided and that no conclusion had been reached. The president's disposition is to await developments. Mr. Underwood said the caucus of house democrats would begin tomor row to consider Items, anil that the question of reporting a single bill from tlie ways and means committee or segregating those portions around which opposition centers would not have to be decided immediately. Tho president decided In the mean time ho will canvass through bis friends, the situation in the senate, if it becomes apparent that a singly bill cannot pass, it is not unlikely that he will consent to a sfkivkii; mi -.f the sugar schedule, providing for a duty or 1 cent, with the free in three years provision, from the rest of the bill. This, it Is believed, would insure passage, ot the groat bulk of tariff reforms by the democrats in the sen ate, while the sugar schedule would be pulled through with the aid of progressive republican votes. The Louisiana senators are being urged by their constituents to oppose ultimate free sugar and are said to have the support of other democratic members. Just what opposition might be ex pected by those who are opposed to freu wool was not apparent today. Senator Ashurst, who. it is reported, would vote against the bill, because ji provided for free wool, denied en the floor of the Senate, that he !ml any such intention. Whilo there had been, little time for the senate to study the measure, def inite expressions of opinions are ex pected by the en,i of ,he week, H'u. :n the meantime the caucus of Pons? democrats Is expected to present a solid front In favor of tho con'enu of the MM. it is the program, at pres ent, of Representative I'nderwood and his colleagues of the ways and means committee majority to recommend to the caucus the adoption of the bill In omnibus form, but Mr. I'nderwood CXXXVIII, No. 8. SESSION EXPRESSED PROGRAM HARD SLEDDING IN STATES SENATE said t bv tl). night that he would he guided j exigencies of the situation and the coiiiisi I of the president As intiodiiied today, the bill can bi det, ii bed Into sep.'ii'ati schedules at iill) time if. in tile debate of the house. it should be deemed best strategically to take this course. The bill was re ferred ha k to the ways and means committee tmliv , while the republi can members l'-r the firM time xvllt hue an opportunity to pass upon Its provisions. .o repoit will In- made by the committee, however until alter the democratic cnllcUS considers the measure. The caucus may be so protracted as to I-quire a number of sessions in order to pass upon the tariff. It will be in iled to order at I 1 o'clock to luol row lorciioon, but will recess un til :t o'clock in the iifternoooii and the session may last until night. The dis position i f '.he democratic leaders, lil cludlig Kepresentjiljvc Palmer of IVunsylVHtilu, who will preside as chairman of the caucus, is to ullow all the latitude and freedom of de bale possible so that no member can say be had no opportunity to present his views In this preliminary form of consideration by the house democrats. On the ground that tariff consider ation is legislative business. Mr. l'al mer is understood to favor having the caucus public while that subject is up. peniovnl ot all tariff from many articles of food and clotli ing; broad reductions in the rates ,,f duly on all nece-sarics of life- an Increase of tariff on many Invurios. and a new Income tax that u-ollhl telle h the lioi-ket of ev i-ry American citizen whose net income exceeds it, nun. are tin striking fea- tares of the new d mocratii' tarilf revision bill pri selltcd today to the house. Sugar would be fr f duty in lit Hi, the bill proposing an immediate ;.r per cent reduction and the removal of tho remaining duty in 1 1 . liavv wool would be made free at once, with u corresponding heavy reduction in the tariff on all woolen goods. All these other articles are put on the free list, namely: Meats, flour, bread, boots and slices, lumber, run!, harness, saddlery, Iron ore, milk nnd cream, potatoes, salt, swine corn, cornmeal, cotton bagging, agricultur al implements, leather, wood pulp, bibles, printing paper not worth more than i -' cents per pound, typewrit ers, sewing machines, tv pesotting ma chines, cash registers, steel rails, fence wire, cotton tie, nails, hoop and band iron, fish sulphur, soda tanning materials, acetic and sulphuric adds, borax, lumber prodie ts. including broom handles, clapboards, hubs for wheels, posts, laths, pickets, staves, shingles. While wheat flour Is put on the free list, tl duty of 10 per cent is imposed against ipuntries which levy a duty on American flour. This will exclude flour from Canada ami many other foreign countries. These principal items are taken from the free list and taxed: Itough and uncut diamonds nnd precious stones, furs, coal tar products. 10 per cent; volatile oils, 20 per cent: spices, from 1 cent to 2 cents per pound. Chairman Cnderwood of the ways and means committee, in his state ment accompanying the m w tariff bill gave the following comparative table, to show reductions in tarilf duties made upon necessaries, in each Item both the present tariff and the pro posed tariff had been mimed to an tul valorem basis: I'res mt. Tro-posed Article. Law. Ijiw, ('ream of tartar........ -5 '5 17.85 Medicinal preparations. i,ii.t5 31.11 Castor oil .-. 'S.lf 15.00 Wash blue 23.1 15.00 Salt peter 9.2 7 6.K7 Common soap 20.00 5.00 Saleratus or bienrhone ' of soda ,. 21.51 8.50 Sal soda, washing sod . 20 Jbl IB. 25 Iforax, refined '. . il.Zi 11. SI Lime . 9.17 0.00 China and crockery not decorated 13.00 35.00 firimfstonu 9-21 -33 liicyoloa 4i.00 25.00 I'o ki t knives Ita Scissors tiiul shears. Knives Him forks. . , Kurnitui'o Cuttle .Macaroni, etc Itlce, cleaned L'ggs r. 3.77 4 I. H 3. V (Ml :7.o7 34.25 r.4.ori ati.ss 30.00 27.00 1 5.00 1 0,101 23.. Sl 3S.3S 14 20 Stocks, etc., of fruit trees 54.4 1 17.5s Mineral waters 43.511 30.00 S 1 thread "H.!' 5 I 5.00 Cotton cloth 50. UO 30.00 Stockings hose and half hose, solvtilgcil 75. HS 50.(11) Mens' and boys' cotton work gloves SO. 17 35 0O Knit shirts, drawers, etc., nnd underwear.. (10.27 25,00 Collars and cuffs 40.10 .to. no 1 1 lit nk t-t m 72.'!!! 25.00 l-'latlllel !Kt.2!t 30.IMI Clothing, ready made.. 7'.i.5ii 35.00 Women's and children's dress goods 00.70 35 no Si w lug silk 25.00 1 5 00 Wrapping paper 35.00 25 00 Hooks 25. 0t I5.U0 Itrooms 4u.u0 15.00 Matches 27.50 1 I. ell Harness, saddlery, other than leather 35.00 20.00 Indi an rubber, manufac tures of 35.00 1 o (Mi Lead pencils 30 00 25. no The new rates are estimated to r dine the customs revenue approxi mately SMI. lino, OHO a year. This i (Apected to pe made up ly the lticotni tax. I'rotection t" the farmer would la cut throughout by more than 50 cent m an cftot t to reduce the i ost of food. I'rotection to the steel tind Imple ment manufacturers would be cut by fully as wide a margin. The free Wool proposal, backed bv President Wilson and accepted bv the house committee. Is expected to pr oke a severe fight w ithin tho di m (ratio ranks of both houses. It had not become clear today whether tin democratic opponents of free woe and free sugar in the senate would I. able to force a compromise on on or Potli of these provisions. The Income tax, which will transfe Indirect taxes b". led through the tar iff Into n direct tax upon the Incomes of individual citizens and corpora tions, exempts all sums below $1,000 Incomes In excess of that amount will pay 1 per cent tax up to $20,00i; 2 per cent from $20,000 to $50,000 3 per cent from $50,000 to $100,000, and 4 per cent above that figure. The present corporation tax, levy ing 1 per cent on corporation In comes abovo $50,000, would bo re (lined as part of (ho incomo tax. lo encourage trado with foreign countries, the bill would reverse the maximum and minimum provision of the present law. Tho new tariff rates would la the maximum tariff, and the president would be given authority to negotiate reciprocity treaties and make concessions to countries that grant favor to American exports. In a statement accompanying the bill, Chairman I'nderwood snld the measure, in tho opinion of Its mak ers, would revise the tariff "to a basis of legitimate competition such as will afford a. wholesome Influence on our commerce, bring relief to the people In the matter of the high cost of liv ing, ami at t tie same time work no detriment to properly conducted m n mi fact tiring Industries. in Its tariff revision work the committee has kept in mind," he said, "Jhe distinction between the necessities and the luxuries of life, reducing the tariff burdens on the ne cessities to the lowest points commen surate wllh revenue requirements, and making the luxuries of life bea their proportion of (he tariff respon sibilities. Many items of manufacture controlled by monopolies have bee i placed on the free list." Chairman T'ndenvond's statement giving the changes in detail continues as follows: "In the chemical schedule tin rates on certain commodities sli ny heavy reductions. For Instance, h o". ncic ac, is vut from 7s. 70 per cent to 21.4:1 per cent. Moderate reduc tions have been made on mediclna' preparations, which ai'e cut from 25 per cent to 15 per cent; blacking from 25 per cent to 15 per cent; drugs from 12.55 per cent to 10 per cent, find olive oil from 35.1 S per cent to 21.05 per cent. The schedule contains ft number of articles on which citlvr no reduction lias been made or an ad-' vance provided for. "Rates on all brick have heen cq' on the average from 30.2s per cent to 10.2S per cent, tile from 47. si per cent to 23.3ft tier cent, asphalt from 37.05 per cent to 0.02 per cent. Or dinary earthenware, which already was relatively low, being subject to an average duty of 24.07 per cent, has now been cut to 15 per cent, while window glass has been given mi aver age reduction on all glasses of from 40. lis per cent to 1!S. 31 per cent. Mate glass, w hich may be considered n lux ury, still retains a duly of nearly 40 per cent. 'Tig Iron and slabs, which were lfi.35 per cent and 17.79 per cent, have been cut to 8 per cent In each case; heams from 23.20 per cent to 12 per cent, and forging from 30 per cent to 1 5 per cent. "The Idea, of the large extension of the free list for the unmanufactured products has been the fundamental conception, while the effort has been made to improve the status of the manufact ured lumber. Thus sawed boards, other than cabinet wood, have been carried to the free list, while sawed cabinet woods, which were 12.75 per cent In 1HI2, now are 10 per cent; and house furniture, which Was 35 per cent, now Is 15 per cent. "Tobacco and spirits nave been found lo he good producers of reve nue and have, therefore, been left at the same rates as In the present law. "In the effort to relieve the con sumer and to mitigate the high and rising cost of living, Schedule (i. which deals with agricultural pro ducts has been thoroughly revised and important reductions have been (Continued on I'ugo Two.) ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, TUESDAY, lilPiiMEs III EWLIVEN HIM SESSION OF Ipon Convening of National Lawmaking Body, Tli;id Patty Mombois Piecipitate Fiist FiJ'Jit. COMING OF PRESIDENT CHIEF TOPIC DISCUSSED House Adopts Resolution Pio vidin for Joint Assemblage But Senate Goes Slow ii Ctincui 1 in.; Tlieiem, 1-Hl sllH AT IM I I I l TO lli:i s ( oM!l;sS. Washington, Apiil 7. --President Wilson wrote a brief preface tonight to the message to congress whl'h he previously had prepared. ill deterinina-.-.ige In per- melllbcrs of In Joint ses- (ion to read the me son tomorrow to the both houses, sitting Men, caused him to make 11 11 acoiuoii nppn ipii.ile to the a ion. The president, when officially informed by a committee con sist in g of Senators Ki 1 it nnd ( lul ling!'!' and Representatives rn deivvood tiiul 1'ilz.ii raid that both houses of 1 oimress were i rgani.id and ready to receive communications from him, for mally was asked if he were com ing to the capltol. He I. pile. I (hilt if it -were agreeable he would avail himself of that priv ilege. He then was advised that the house and senate met at noon and that congress would be organized In Joint seslon and riaily to receive him at 12:30 o'clock. A cabinet meeting will precede the president's departure from the While Hon .. and while the cabtnet members will not accom pany the president officially, It is understood that Some of them will attend. A demand has been made on the White House for tickets, and it Is probable that the executive galleries will be rilled. (Ily Morning Journal sinn-dil l.tuM Wire.) Washington. April 7. Congress, opening in extraordinary session to day under democratic ilomination. Was enlivened by the activities of the pro gressive organization In the house a no 111 invasion of petition-bearing suf fragettes. Hilt eVell llli-e novelties xvcro overshadow ed by the prepara tions for the pl i cedellt-breaklllg ev etll of tomorrow, when President Wilson Will deliver bis tariff message bv word of mouth to the nation's lawmakers. Victor Miinlock, leader of the Hex progressive pally ill the low er in a inn aided by his small ban. I of follovveis. itlracted unusual interest and. at the lory outset, stirred up a fight ovei t he Sealing of llepresi'tllaliv e II. Mill Young, of M ii hig'an. The heralding of the coming of the president ol the I Illicit Males, Ilovv- ver, was the principal subject of of- liolal ami mini I h In I discussion. 1 tn- senate Itositatcit win n a resolution adopted previously by the house pro viding for a Joint session tomorrow listen to Pri sideiit Wilson, was pre sented for its coiislderal ion. It was a stunning proposal. Not In the life time of any veteran statesman pres ent hail sue!, a thing ever been coii- lei'ed. Ilntoiv, they supposed, bad sod on that custom a century and more ago. bust an ettort was mane lur I he !' solid ion lie ov er uiub r (he rule, but Yii e President Marshall ruled it 's a resolution of the high est privile licfore it v, adopted. Senator Wil liams, of M last. . ippi. deprecated the president's decisii a to enter the halls of congress and speak his mind to the people's representatives, lie ex pressed the hope that such an event never would occur again during th" adniinlstrat ion and raid he doubted the wisdom of the move, averring that It could not aiil in bringing about the legislation for which the people Were cla muring. In the house, the resolution was adopted without debate as soon as Majority Leader I'lidol-wood Introduc ed It. There, plans for the president's welcome took on a gala aspect. .Mem bers scrambled for the special tickets to the galleries, which were issued for (he occasion, looked forward to as an epochal event In the history of lb" administration. organization of both houses of con gress was partly concluded today, Speaker Ctaik was re-elected over James I!. Mann I republican 1, and Vic tor Murdock ( progressive 1, and other officers of Hi'' house also wile re elected. The progressive strength was tested on the speakership, Mr. Mur dock receiving eighteen votes. The new party, however, mustered more votes later In the fight on Itepresent.i tive Young, when it attempted to pre vent his taking the oath of office by a resolution Introduced by Itepresen tative Hinebaugh, of Illinois. Demo crats, led by Hi prescntativ e Mtzger-1 CONGRESS APRIL IS, 1913, aid. and n 'public-ins ma I sill led hv Leader Mann, Jollied forces 111 sitting I upon the new party organization, the Inst 1 ocogiil.i-d (bird 0rgn11u.it ton In the house formalities, and Mr. Voting was swot 11 In, 11 contest of Ills seat by V. .1. MolMllald. a progressive, to be considered Liter by the elections com. Illlltee. The progressives were not tl united by their fust defeat, and wlun U. p 1 1 setitat iv e lleiirv, of Texas, brought in a resolution for the adoption of the I'llhs of (he l,ls congress, tllev were up and fighting, corning out the pledge of their kev Hole -;p. 1 1 h, lie. Ilvoteil b ;epresetn,i(ive Chandler, ol New York, that tlnv proposed to f.ghl ex cry inch of their gtound for pio gres'lve piluoiplis and legist, 1 1 ion. They hiioicedcil acaln r. co . 1 1 i t i 1 1 1 1 . but In the cl itic rules prevailed. The s. nate debated hour the concurrent n .loillt session lolliortoxv 'b lit WiKoll s llless.'lgi id' tile llocu Who spok I I I . e of the 11 -oh, til 111 Hid obtaining (be ib 10- for lie: solllt lot lO 1le.1l tlv b'l l't. No sen Oppos, d itm the t ., I oil, but si -v oil both dcs ol the 1 i d regri I at the ib 1 ,lc nersotii.in custom w 1 lltl 11 IIII S.-.I - I H, Tl dumber epi allure floin of si ndlni; liuicnl obie, the III I ion cole II, I - lo Its adoption ,,1 ,!,i 1 1 pi by unanimous con by Senator Stone, Mlpp tors Lodge and Suioot, Si-nnlor Williams m pa 1 spc.ei h upholding I Jefferson precedent 01, cut. a i I I I. Ho I'l l 111 1 of Ib l 11,1(0 le X .till lilld I .oie,. vv as Incli ned t Vice I'le'ldi 111 Mai lit l i ball w ith hint, pi in t it a Ib elided the debate bv ruling ll,it the resolution was of (he highest privilege and (hen-fare subject for action at once without 11 101 11 1 mous consent. Al though several seii.ilois spoke against the Vice president's tilling, an appeal was not taken and the resolution vvau adopted without a dissenting Vote. Senator Union bad asked Inat the resolution be adopted. Senator Lodge said lie was not opposed to Its provi sions, but rex lowed the history of procedure 111 the davs xv hen Washing ton and John Adams delivered their messages iii person. He said that un less Hie senate and house intended to conform with the custom of, those davs 111 making a regular visit (o (he White House and delivering a reply to the message, the custom only would be half observed, lie cited authorities xx ho agreed that the personal delivery of a message and the ( onseiUeli en deavor of congress In make suitable reply, led only to delay of the public business. "I, for one, very much regret that the president has chosen to take this course." said Senator Williams. "The old federalist custom of mak ing speeches from the throne, w lien once disused, fell by unanimous agree ment, and It did so because (ho com inoti sense liudei Iv ng the ld"a of 1 written 1 ommunlciitlon ( congress was obvious nnd plain nnd because the Idea was so much more In tiecord with American Institutions. I hope for one, Unit this will he the only Instance of the breach of the perfectly simple ami republican method xx lib h Thomas Jefferson Introduced. I shall not op pose the resolution. I hud hoped that some president at Some time might have the courage to do away xvlth the inaugural procession. Hi, it cheap nnd tinsel Imitation of a coronation. About all that It does Is to make a lot of tieol.le call h pnell iiioiibi, fill the Wiishin f 1 1 1 i Is 1-11 .; 1 1 m trad. hoar. , es. lllg houses . ia lly in Hie and bar- rooms." Senator mi-lit with "The pr to prod.ic, i in mug Shafrolh closed (he ar,'ii the remark: nib til's coming here ought harmoiiv and not discord," pi ocecd j ngs in the setiab' VV I re pert llllcll 111.' legislative I rv, but 111 the house, -atlei s vvi'i e ha lied with wild applause as tlmy appeared (he galleries were crowded lo flowing as the members, mure .1 third of them new ones, wete s a ml tin 11 x in 11 ill. Majority Leader I'lulerw noil mid Speaker Clark Were given rousing ova tions. In nominating' Mr. dark for speaker, llepresen la 1 1 ve Palmer, of Pennsv I x ;i ti l:i , was cheered xx tun he sa id ; "I voice fin- common opinion of democrats ex 1-1,1 vv hen- when I sa v that to his patriotic conduct of Ho- speak er's office was il'.ii'. In no small pail, the people's confidence in this party, which led to our (jn at victory Lit Nov ember." Thousands of bills were, in t rod need in the house and senate. The Panama toll iiiesiloti ro.ii'pi ared within a few hours after tin- senate reconvened When Senator Loot re-llll roduoed Ins bill for repeal of that provision of the new Panama canal act vv Inch would permit American coast-wise ships lo cn.ioj freedom from toll. The measure was referred lo the committee now headed by Senator I'Cormaii, of New York, who led the fight against the Hoot proposal In the last congress. It is expelled the Issue will be forced upon tlie attention of congress at all early dale. Majority members of four cominit-lei-s will be named by the bouse dem ocrats in caucus tomorrow. The chair men recommended by tlie ways and means majority, as (he committee on coiiiniiltees. are: Pules Hubert I. Henry, of Texas. Accounts .Jami'H T. Lloyd, of Mis souri. Mileage William M. Pallcy, of Penns.x Iva nia. Unrolled Hills John J. Whltacre, of 1 hio. The republican members of these committees hive Hot been Selected, but the democratic membership In eliiiles a liberal sprinkling of new no 111 hers. It Is said that Pepresi-iitatlv 1; .T, Hampton Moore, of Pennsylvania, will be one ot the new republican members of the ways and means committee and others mentioned are J Ii prcsentai Ive nines, of Maine; Stevens, Minnesota; Kahu, California; Humphrey, Wash ington, and Hardner, Massachusetts. Pepresentat ive Murdock, Kansas, Is expected to be the progressive member. lty Mull, AO LEI! 01 IN DE TARIFF BILL Pioposod Measuic Provides . Tax of Oiie Dollar on Evciy One Hundred Dollais Earned Above four Thousand, MILLIONAIRES LISTED IN SEPARATE CLASS Sin lax Who Would Receive Makt Ten Tlios nice inousaiM la ! s or Mo ip Shaii! Heavier Cm don, thy Mnriilinr .feiirnitl Siici-bit I euni-il Wlr.i Washington. Aplit ". Included III (he ileinocrulii' tariff n vlsioii bill In troduced in congress today ts 1111 In come tax section wlib li would reuiiire every resident of (tie Cinted States who earns iimi'i' (hail II. mm a xear to intv a tax of 1 per cent on his earn ings 111 ci ess of the exemption. This would not reipilre the man who earns only 1 1.0(10 to pay a lax but It would demand that the Individual who earned 1 1.1 III) for example, pay Into tlie government treasury tin annual tax of I per cent on I too, or l. Tim bill also would provldu higher rates of taxation for persons with lamer incomes, adding a surlax of 1 per cetii additional on earnings in c-ci-s of l.'ii.inui, j p,r cent Addition al on 1 ainings In excess of $r,0,(ll)0, and :i per 11 tit additional on earn ings In excess of lliui.oiitt. I'lubr (In- surlax provisions (he man who emus only t J o.n 11 0 would pay to the government each year at the rate of 1 per cent on ' lfi,000 (Il.tuMi exempt 1, or lliiu. If he earns :lll,IIIU) he xxollld pay 1 per cent oil 1 1 tl, (ui it silll and - per cent on 1 10, 1 1 1 1 ' 1 . thus making his iininli.l tax :iliO. The person with a I Ml. tiiul Income would pay I per celit on I Hi, (Kill and 2 ncr u nt on l iO.uin)- u total tax of ITHli. Tim man with an Income of $100 (nia would be ri'ipilied lo pay 1 per cent on 11(1, into, ;nr cent on $30, (lim, and li per cent ml $50,000, bring ing his total Income tax to $2,2C0 The Individual with a net Incoma of a million would pay thus, $2,260 on his first tloii,(uiii, and in addition be would pay 4 per cent on $1)00,000, which would bring his tax total to $ :: s, -j i; 11. The bill also would re-enact the present corporation tax law, Imposing a 1 per cent tax on earnings of cor porations, stock companies, Insur ance companies and the like, but It would exempt partnerships. This is a flat av, there being mi graduated seal.- as the earnings Increase, The lew 1 haiiges from tlie present corpor alioii las act, concern chiefly the 1 1 1110 of making rediriiH and tho timo for , oil. . lion. The bill ulso lm liub s under Its pro xlsloiis the property mid ciiriilngs in this country of persons who live ahload. It Is estimated by members of the xxajH and means coinmltlce that ap proximately (100,1)1(11,(11)0 In rev ciiue may lm del ix c,l from this new lax, in cluding; the corporation tax, Hint 11 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 making up for (he deficit in reviniies lo be derived from Imports by viilue of the greatly reduced tariff rales 1111. 1 tho (ranslor lo the, frcn list of articles that uro classed as neces f.aii. s of living. Incomes of t,t liable person-.- shall In 1 hide gams, profits and Income do. rived llom salaries, wages, or eoin- poiis.itlon tor personal service of vvhil.vir kind and In whatever form paid. 01 from profession, vocati business, trade, con 1 no r. e or sales 01 dealings in propertv, also from inter est, n ot. dividends, securities, Includ ing Income f 1 nil propertv, Ineom, from but not the v a Mill . l by beipieht, He ol Proliol tv ao- levlce of descent of life Insnraiot and also pn lis policies paid upon i nsiireil. The hill allows computing Int lm death of persons as deductions in nine all liecessarv expenses actually lug on any busine Incurred In carry- , no! Including per- -onul living or f.unilv expenses, in terest accrued and payable within the year by a taxable person on Indebted ness; all national, state, county, school and municipal taxes, not including local bi'iiefil taxes; losses incurred in trade or from fires, storms or ship wreck not compensated by Insurance or otherwise; debts actually ascer tained as worthless and charged off; also reasonable allowance for wear and tear on property, but no deduc tion will be allowed for expense of rest oration or Improvements made to increase property value. It excepts also, in computing not In come, amounts received as dividends upon the slmk of any corporation, Joint, slock company, association or in surance company which Is taxable upon its net Income under the corpor ation tax provision of the bill. The bill excludes (ho compensation of tho president of tho I'nited States during bis term, Judges of Hie su preme and Inferior courts of the Cnlted States, nnd compensation of all officers nnd employes of a state or any political sub division thereof. II establishes 11 sxstem of collection of the tax at its source, reipiiring all persons, firms, co-partnerships, com panies, corporations, .1 dnt stock enin panlos. associations or insurance eoin- (ContliniiMl on 1'aco Two.) 1 1 S 00 DED 00 MOGRATIG Out u Month: Mnglo Copies, A rnK. II) ai rier, UO ( rill l Month. ES'BILLS POUR INTO L HOPPER Of J T Measuies Proposed Would Re foim National Currency, Pre vent Mississippi Floods and Regulate Other Things. BIG SUM ASKED FOR DESTITUTE IN OHIO Diislow Wants Constitutional Amendment by Which Su preme Court Decisions May be Submitted to Referendum ( It r Miirnlni Jmirnal flprlnl Im4 Wire.) Washington, April 7. Hills anl resolutions lo reform (he nation'n cur rency system, to prevent floods In the Mississippi river, to provldu for relief of flood sufferers, to build gov ernment railroads In Alaska nnd fur a bust of other purposes, were Introduc ed In both houses of congress today. The measures represented weeks of work mi (he pat t of AeniUor and rep resenbidves In the preparation of I'if islatlve drafts In he urged for Imme diate action. Several currency reform hills ap peared, one by Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, a member of the nennte committee that will prepare, currency legislation. It would establish twenty distinct national reserve associations, xvith wide powers of nodi IssiH", dis count and exchange, Thu bill devised by the national monetary commission was Introduced iiguln by Senator Lodge, acting; for Senator Week. Legislation for t'ne construction- ot 1,000 miles of government railway In Alaska was proposed by Si.iatori Chamberlain and Jones and by Dele gate VVickeiMuim, of Alaska. Tha bills would authorize thu IssuBlicn of $50, 000,(100 of government bonds to fi nance (he project, to be redeemed from federal receipts in Alaska. Heiiator IHirton presented a resolu tion for $2, 000. (ino tor the relief of luivton flood sufferers, nnd in (lie house, Itepresiuiliidve Ansherry pro posed lo appropriate $25,000,000 for thu state of Ohio. The Hurlon resolu tion proposed that (he war department lust be reimbursed for the amount It had expended 111 relief Work; and that the balance be placed at tha disposal of the American Iteil Cross. Senator itaiistlell, of Louisiana, Introduced a bill aiming at preventing flood dis asters on the Mississippi river. It would authorize an niiniial appropri ation of $12,000,000 for five years, to be expended . by the Mississippi river commission. The bill would re'iuire lo. rul Interests to supply one-third of the timuunt necessary for river lm- ' provemeiits In any established leveu district. The creation of a federal depart ment of health was again proponed lit a bill presented by Senator Owen. The seamen's involuntary servitude law, veined by President Tuft, was again Introduced by Senator La 1'nl lette. The Immigration bill, also ve toed by President Tuft, was re-tntro-iliioed by Senator Overman. Senator Smith, of (leorgla, re-Intro-iluccil his bill to create a division of markets in the .agricultural depart ment. Senator Smith, of South Caro lina again Introduced his bill to reg ulate trading in cotton futures. Sena tor Jlrlstow re-Introduced his resolu tion for a constitutional amendment providing (hat when the supreme couit holds a law unconstitutional the decision might be submitted to a vote of the people. Agricultural and vocatlotiad cduea (ioli was the subject of several bills presented In thu senate. A resolution by Senator Hoke Smith, of lleprgla, proposed a commission of nine mem bers to investigate the feasibility of giving government aid to vocational education; and he also Introduced hills fop agricultural extension departments for state agricultural colleges and for the establishment of a $1,000,000 teachers' training fund. Senator Page re-Introduced his agricultural educa tion bill, which passed tho aena(e at the last session. A 110,000 pension for ex-presidents was proposed In a bill by Senator Me- Cumber, the president to be retired ;t. cnniiiinndc r-in-chlcf of the army nnd navy. Senator MeCutnber also lutin- lined 11 federal grain Inspection bill. and Senator Xelson a measure to res- iilatn the service of seamen in tho merchant marine, A currency bill presented by Sena tor Jones, of Washington, a republi can member of (he banking ami cm - n-ney committee, proposed sixteen re serve districts, with an iissisi.iui 1 on- 1 States treasurer at the head of nil. It would also make clearing houses soml-olfiolul Institutions, 111 dial (hey would he construed as pari of the national banking system. constitutional amciiiliuciit chang ing inatigiiial day from March itn. to the last Thursday In April, win nosed in a resolution re-lntl'oduceil in the house today by- Lepresentative lleiirv. II failed in (lie last congress. "To end (he (rust or monopolx through which a group of rich men have loo long appropriated the great diplomatic posts to themselves." was the reason liepresetitatix e Henry gaxa for introducing a bill to provide fttr- KOESSlu Fl