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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
TII1KTY.SIXTII YKAIt. C XXXMII. No. fl. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1914. Pally liy Carrier or MH,iO Monlh. Single Copies, Hy HUM ifnfrR mm b EATEST MILITARY PIERS 1 DEATH WILE 1 MM SOPREM War Bulletins. 1PLEBHS maintenance of Amer- Most Gigantic Struggle World Has Ever Seen Now Commenced WILLI'S REFUSAL 10 RESPECT NEUTRALITY B paring a proclamation of innitriility. Austria-Hungary, fur the niomt'iit, bus retired from her campaign against Servia fur the purpose of holding buck ltussia, ami Si rvia has mablllzcd with the reported intentiuii nt invad ing Itosniu. PltFSIDF.X'l lit H)IN( AltIO S YS i; is nr.xnv iok waii 1 TATES 1 Is Flit D ECLAR ATI D RIOT OF BLOODSHED IS CERTAIN TO FOLLOW HOSTILITIES BETWEEN STRONGEST OLD WORLD NATIONS Momentous Decision by British Government, for Which the Whole World Was Waiting, Comes Before Time Limit of Ultimatum Delivered to Teutonic Empire Regarding Neu trality of Belgian Kingdom, Which Had Been Violated; Rejection of Request Sent From London Is Followed by Prompt Declaration; French President Says Country Is Ready to Meet and Repel Invaders Who Are Now Menac ing Gallic Republic. Alienist 4. Great I'.ritain declared war on Oer- i.oxnox manv tomVbt. The momentous decision of the llritisli government, for which Russia the whole world had been wailing, came lit fore the expiration of the time limit set by Great lirilain in her ultimatum to Germany de manding a satisfactory reply on the subject of Uelgian neutrality. Germany's reply was the summary rejection of the request that Belgian neutrality should be respected. The British ambassador at fieri in thereupon received his pass ports and the British government notified Germany that a state of war existed lietween the two countries. The British foreign office has issued the following statement: BRITISH OFFICIAL STATEMENT. "Owing to the summary rejection by the German government of the request made by His Brittanic Majesty's government that the neutrality of Belgium should be respected, His Majesty's ambas sador at Berlin has received his passports, and 1 1 is Majesty's gov ernment has declared to the German government that a state of war exists lietween Great Britain and Germany from 11 o'clock p. ")., August 4." " . NEARLY ALL EUROPE IN ARMS. AJ1 Europe is now in arms. On the one band Austria-Hungary and Germany are opposed by Russia, France and Great Britain, Servia and Montenegro. Italy has declared her neutrality, but is nrtibilizing. Belgium, Holland and Switzerland have mobilized. The German demand that the Belgian government should, permit the free passage of German troops through Belgium was answered by hasty prepara tions to resist such an advance across Belgian territory. SWEDES TO DEFEND NEUTRALITY. Sweden has made no answer to inquiries from Russia and Germany regarding her attitude, but is preparing to defend her neutrality. Japan is making ready to live up to her alliance with Great Britain in case of certain eventualities. Spain is reported to be prc- Puris. Auk. 4. President Poineare, in a message to (he senate, and the chamber of deputies today declared that Germany "had tried treacherous ly to surprise France," and added: "France It vigilant, as well as peaceful. She was ready and nur covering troops will allow niohiliza lion to lie methodically carried nut." Premier Vlviunl made the French government's, statement on the war In the chamber of deputies today and his j remarks created the .deepest enthti jsiasm. lie detailed at great length i the history 01' the events of the past fortnight, pit-sentlng strong nrgu jments In the case against (ierniany, i which, he declared, "irrefutably and j logically justified the acts f the French government." j During thtj course of his remarks jthe premier said: . "France has been unjustly pro voked; she did not seek the war; she has done all In her power to avoid It. Sinco war was forced upon her, she 1 will defend herself against Germany and any other power, who, not yet j having made known Its sentiments, I takes part by the side of Germany In the conflict lietween the two eoun- tries. ! "Against tin attack, which violates I all the law s of equity and all the ;rights of nations, we have now taken all necessary dispositions. They will he carried out rigorously, methodi cally nnd calmly. The mobilization of the Russian army is proceed inn with remarkable energy and bound less enthusiasm." The house turned toward the Rus sian minister, M. Iswoisky, who ent in the diplomatic gallery and cheered Loudon, Aim.' I. llrltMi mine luvli.g ship liai belli sunk hy a Ger iiiiiii licet. The HrlHsh tnrMdo boal ditrover Pall. finder was pursued by I lie fleet lint escaped. Constantinople, Aug. I. The Turk government announced tonight that It would observe neutrality In llie Liirnpcan crisis. London, Aug. L German detach ment today entered the tillage of Molnevlllc, In Hie department of Mem (he el Moselle, A parish priest vols killed. Purls, Aug. I. Havre dispatch from Algiers says it is reported Unit French warships have sunk the Ger n in n cruiser Paul her. London, Aug. t. (11:2(1 i. in.) Heaters Teh graph company an noiiuces Dial it Icarus that n slate of war evisls lietween Great Itrituiii mid Germany. I Hindoo. Aug. I. Turkey lias In. formed (.rent lli-italn Unit Hie forces of Hie ottoman empire are lieinz mo. hlli.cd. Tin- mobilization she savs. a precautionary measure and Tur- will remain absolutely neutral. Itriissels, Aug, I. News has leached lure dial Hit- Germans arc jsliclliiig Liege ami Xnimir. I Algiers, Aug. I. According to on I unofficial report, a French fleet lias captured vo German cruisers. Hie jGochcn and Itresluu. i 1 London, Aug. I. Tins Itiitlsli ad ndi'iilly officially announced Unit the govt riiinent has taken ov if Hie two bllflli-diips one cnoih-l,d Ullil the other marly completed ordered In I.ugluml by Turkey, and two destroy, ers ordered hy Chile. The battleships have been renamed the I. rill anil Agliicniirt. Ixidoii, Aug. I. ilispiiich o (lie Ccnlrnl News from Amsterdam says Hie Germans hac captured Vise, Jlclgliini, u town with a populaliou of three thousand on Hie river Mciise, eight miles northeast of Liege. Madrid. August I. The Span sli goyernnieiil is preparing a procla mation annoiiiii'lng Its neutrality. Home, Aug. I. Germany has made an appeal to Italy In stand vtlili her, according o the (.lornale D'llullii. The paper snvs It uiuierslaiids the Italian govcriiinent will not change its attitude of neutrality. FDR PROTECTION OF AMERICAN London, Aug. :. Great Itrltaiu de clared war on Germany at 7 o'clock tonight. The first aiiiiouiieeiiienl dial ; Germany had lie la red war on Ureal I Itrltaiu was due to an error in tin nilmlly's stateiiicnl. s III ill ZONES Scores of Passenger Liners May Be Chartered by Unit ed States to Bring 100,000 Citizens From Euiopc, OCEAN TRAFFIC IS ' MOW AT STANDSTILL Systematic Search for Steam ships Is Begun by Govern ment in Hope of Solving Pressing Problem, (T MORNINa JOURNAL IPICIIL LIIID Wlt WaHhiiiglon, Ails'. 4. President Wilson uiul his cabinet and Hie con Kress of Hie I'nlted Utales Were Ihor eughlv absorbed today In plans nnd legislative measures for the relief of America ns abroad, the continuation of trutiH-Atlantic shipping to move crops nnd the stabilizing of domestic financial conditions. 'i'lie president asked congress to appropriate ll'.Mlll.oao In addition to the J.r0,(iOO granted yesterday for the general accommodation of Amer icans in Kuropc. Action will be taken by both houses tomorrow. The armed cruiser Tennessee will sail Thursday for various Kiiropcnn ports with this sum, as well as sev- jeral millions in gold being sent by New Vol It hankers, all designed to glvn Amerb'iuis Immediale funds and ! facilitate t In-ir departure, I Americans Held In Germany. I Official notice came from the Her- man government that America lis I would not be permitted to leave the IGeiiiiaii empire during the period of jiitniy mobilization which will con tinue for another ten days. ( onterences Were in progress l throughout the itay at the stale, trens jury, navy and war departments on details for relief plans. A sHtematlc London, Aug. I. Vice Admiral Sir !,.,-, h f,,v sii-aiushlps to carry Anior .lolm ilellicoe today assumed supreme j,.., Ms home was begun. The rremler continued: "The army has now 230,000 men in arms prepared to defend with mag nificent ardor the neutrality and In dependence of their native land. The English fleet is mobilized to the small est vessel and the English army Is mobilizing." The deputies arose again, turned toward where the Hritish ambassa dor, Sir Francis I!ertie, was sitting In the gallery, and cheered wildiy round after round. f iF.lt. MANV THItF.ATKXS ANNEXATION OF 11FI.GH M nrussels, Aug. 4. Germany in her note to Belgium declared thut If Hel gium adopted a hostile attitude to ward the German troops and put dif ficulties in the way of their advance, Germany would be obliged to consider Belgium an ehemy. In that case Ger many would not enter into any un dertaking with Belgium, hut "would leave the final relations of the two stales to th decision of arms." WAit 8PIKIT at it:v i:n II HAT IX (iUHM.VX C APITAL Berlin, Aug. 4. The mobilization here Is proceeding quickly and smoothly. Military trains are being pnt away from the city only at night. As the. companies of recruits pass through the streets they aro cheered j enthusiastically by the populace on the sidewalks and In windows and in acknowledement they wave their caps, shout "hurray," and sing "Die Wacht Am P.hlne." As an Indication of" the wave of (t'unlluued I'uga Two.) command of Hie llrilish home Heels with Hie acting rank of admiral. His elder of stair is lo be Hear Admiral I'harles V., Madden. Ilriisscls, Aug, I. It is reported j here that following a demand by Hie! Germans for Hie surrender of the city! of Liege on engagement ensued in' which the (ei niuns were repulsed. AIJ i Germans have been expelled from I Liege nnd .Naniiir. j liOiidoii, Auk. L V mob RHIhenilj outside Hie German embassy in (ni ton House terrace lonlght. Iienion slrators groaned and hooted and fi lially' si ones were thrown which broke windows. The Gorman iinilmssailor, IVInce Llchnwsky, with the members' of Ills staff, was in the garden but ipili kly went lo Hie house. A force of mounted ami foot sdice reinforced Hie regular Kimrcl nod drove off U? crowd with difficulty. London, Aug. I. Thousands assem bled tonight before Itiicklngliani pal ace until the king ami (iiicen, inei I'rlnce of Wales and Princess .Mary appeared on tlio tmlcony. The statues of military lierocs throughout the city are being' tlrus-d with flags. Ih'ilin, Aug. I. shortly after 7 o'clock llils evening Sir William V.i ward G'Hschen, Hie liritisli ambassador, went to the foreign office ami nii iiouiKeil that Great llrilain had de clared wnr wltli Germany. He then demanded Ids passports. Liverpool. Aug. 1. Ketnll provl sions advanced .Ml per cent today. The stores were Ix'sleged and In Home cases had lo close, lliclr shM'ks were run ning so low. The local sugar refin eries have ( losei I and griK'ers are un able to obtain further supplies. Glasgow, Aug. I. V food famine threatens in Glasgow and some of the stores had to close their doors nt noon today, so pressing' were the huyci-s. Prices jumped Immediately, sugar from five cents l twelve cents ii pound nnd many shops sold oul. Ilriissels. Aug. 1. Queen i:ilzals'lh and Prinei'ss .Marie left JSrusscIs to day for Antwerp. President Wilson signed Alie bill amending the A Idrich-V'reelund law so as to place more than a billion dollars in domestic circulation if de sired by the banks und prevent fi nancial stringency. I'ris laiiialioii of Neutrality. The president Issued a proclama tion of neutrality warning subjects of tin' I'nitcd States of their rights and iluttes on account of the existence of ja stale of war la Austria, Germany, j Servia, ltussla and France. I The American Ited OrosH decided jto place Its vast army of nurses and j physicians at the disposal of the var ious powers at war. I The senate Is expected to pass to morrow the mil nireuily aejopteii iy the house admitting foreign built ships lo American registry ami there-j I b assist in tin I 'can commerce. i ne greatest ilttrieuity tile officials "f the state, war, navy and ticasiiry depaitmeiiis face in their efforts to lelieve the tens of thousands of Anieiieiius maiaoiied in the 1'uiu I'ciin war Xoiies Is the lack of shins j As most id' the steamship lines r,. j lorelgi, owned, and t la as-A tit nl i Iriillie is virtually at a standstill, a .canvass of available chilis leveale,! jtliat will! Hie exception of six ocean I liners t lying the American flag and! capable of carrying about one tlmus-j ,anil persons eai h, there are only thirty transports, coastwise ships and1 other vessels of Amerlinn register' avail, idle for service. The Jailer would carry about seven thousand passengers so that a total of only lii.iHMl people could be transported according to present estimates. While definite figures are not at hand, it Is estimated at the slate de partment that of the 10il,(iii0 or more Americans In Kuropc about Uii.oiiti urgently want to return. The others have money enough to stay In Ku ropc until Hie second trip of the fleet of American steamers is made. Should more Americans want to depart, the only thing administration officials say can be done is to char ter all the vessels possible owned by neutral countries such as Sweden, Italy, Holland, Norway and South American countries. Army and navy transports and warships have accom modations for only a few people ami probably will not be used. Most of the American coastwise ships will be followed by navy col liers to furnish them with sufficient coal and foodstuffs for their rotiud trlp journey. details i'( the transportation pro blem will not in" worked out for sev eral days as the search for ships will require an exhaustive canvass by telegraph and cabli Secretary Gar rison, however, voiced the view of administration officials thai there was no particular reason for alarm, "There can be no peril to Ameri cans abroad," he said, "as the first duty and thought of each of the war- rlmr nations naturally Would be to look out for the safety of foreigner, particularly the citizens or the Fnited Htales, with whom all tbe belliger ents are at peace. We have all the facilities to handle the situation with eiliianiinlty and I do not feel dis turbed In the slightest degree about It." To tide over Anurieans until the gold being carried by the Tennessee reaches them, embassy checks are be IngQiHSiicd abroad. More than Sfiil.tuio was deposited at the, state department today hy rela tives and friends of Americans In Ku rope who will receive equivalent sums from American diplomatic officers in Hie form of embassy orders or creeks. Secretaries Itryan nnd "MeAdoo hastened to the capito! "f'er the presi dent's message requesting the $ J.r.Oli, 000 for an American relief fund had been read In hoih hmisi s. Senator Mnrtin at unco called a meeting of the appropriations committee and the cabinet men explained for what pur pose the money was desired. The committee quickly determined to rec ommend the appropriation, provision for which will originate In the house appropriations committee tomorrow. "The $2,r,(iO,(i(Mi which the govern ment will send over will he for the relief of Americans who have com pletely exhausted tneir funds and Jet -(its of credit," said Secretary MeAdoo. "This fund will be disbursed absolute ly by the government and only to TRAD E BETWEEN OLD WORLD AND PARALYZED BY WM SCARE ! Financial Machinery of This Country Is Running Smooth ly as Result of Emergency Measures, Is Report, WHEAT f OR EUROPE IS PILING UP IN PORTS Some Way Must Be Found ta Secure Foodstuffs or Peo ple of Belligerent Nations Starve, imiIIi (I ell 1'ami Two.) What a Vote for Jesus Romero Means to People of,, Bernalillo County. In the Seriously, Hie Journal calls Hie intention of the voters to 1 lie situation I'.criialilh inlj. Our fight litis been ugainsl boss rule and against 'levalioii of unfit men to office. dcsiis Koincro has decided to boss this county. He is not a bnd-iiitcntloiieil mail' Hut he doesn't know n except for his is rsonal likes and dislikes, they all look alike to him. The past record of a man official or private menus! nothing to him. .Icsus Koincro hacked U 'go Ariuijo to lead the new progressive parly in the state, lie saw nothing Incongruous in it. Jesus Itomcro Is backing l Ucgo llnca, for Hie nomination for cou tress. He expects ISnca, to tf'l this county, but docs not cvpect him to win in the state conveiil ion. Willi the orgiiui.alloii in bis hands, and Ihls county having a majority of the. delegates lo the jrdlelal convention, he doc cxpeW llacii, two years from now, to he elected district judge! Let Hie S'oplc pause for a moment and cniitcuipliilc whnl that would menu! Ia-1 theni consider linen's record in Sisxirro and Sierra counties! There is no danger of Ills election lo congress, Hal Congress man linen, Willi his full record ill the Congressional Director)', would he vnslly preferable to Judge lluca. with the supreme court us Hie only boM" of justice In this county! ' Jesus Koiner.o has .Modesto Ortiz slated for the nominal Ion for rep resentative in the next stale legislature. The legislature, without Modes to, could finish its work In thirty davs: with him talking on every suh- talking for hours of tilings iiliont which he knows noihlog: the session would have to go Hie const Ql lit ionul limit of sixty ihivs llnisi costing Hie slate S:UUMM) for ModcMo's sM c lies, lie never would ss nk on any subject without subtracting from the sum total of human knowledge. Then there Is Charley Cliadwick who is slated for sheriff, A vole for .lisais Koincro means u vole ror I'.irego Hacn for district judge, for MMleslo Orti. for a member of the legislature, for t barley Chad wick for sheriff! tr MORNING JOURNAL IPICIAL HAIIO WINI1 New Yolk, Aug. 4. Although thu financial machinery of the country was working smoothly as a result ot the cmeigcney measures taken yester day to meet the present extraoi dmai y situation, little progress1 was made to ward resumption of the interchange of 'Credits and comniodltles between the old world and the, new. Willi Immediate financial necessi ties met, Wall street turned Its atten tion lo the general trade problem, which is more Intricate than any other which has confronted the coun try for a century. Unless this prob lem is solved, in part al least, It was recognized that the consequences might be felt seriously throughout th nation. lmisirt Trade Paruly.ed. The, greater part of the Import Hado from Kurnpo already has been cut off op account of the seizure of every facility in France and ilertnuny by thu governments for military pur poses und the holding in port of trans Atlantic vessels of those countries. Merchandise, importations here from France and Germany alone uverugo $1.(1(1(1,000 daily. The export trade presented a still larger problem. American exports to Kuropc under normal conditions av erage ?l, Ooo, ooi) daily, nearly one third which usually goes to Kngla.nd, is halted by the present absence of fa cilities for I'inaneiiiif the export move ment. With this problem the i om- niercial and banking Interests of .New York begun to deal, but even the most experienced banker.-! were unable, to give an idea of what the solution would be. Wheal piled Cp in Ports. Stoppage of foreign trade already ban been reflected by the piling up of wheal at ports and inland storage points. The great industries also be gan to feel the effects of this situa tion. The I'niied Slates Steel corpo ration, for example, annually exports nearly 2 5 per cent of its entire prod uct. Word came from the steel trade, Hint men were beiu laid off. The copper trade was even more di rectly affected, since one-half of the American output is exported. Several of the larger copper companies ue- bled today to reduce their mil put by one-half. From the anthracite fields I'limo reports that operations were being curtailed. It was feu red 111 Wall tlecl loday that if that portion of thu eounry'H Industries dependent upon the export trade should be cut off In definitely by it prolonged Kuropean war, the result would be felt seriously by the business community und wage workers. The opinion was expressed In some quarters, however, that a way would be found to overcome these condi tions. Some Means Necessary, "We have food supplies and nther necessities which Kurope must ob tain," said a representative bankor to day, "and as the nations over there cannot allow themselves to starve, to death, they will find some means of obtaining what we can sell. I do not know this will be arranged, but a plan will be devised. "We have the situation very well in hand and I have no fear of the out come, we tire now on a (taper uasis and we will remain on it for u long time to come. That will stimulate things and we shall all feel cheerful In the not distant future. For tho present we shall endeavor to meet conditions us they arise from day to day." , one result of unrest on the part of depositors In small bunks ha been