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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOUS.'ML, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1914.
FIVE MET W PROSPERITY WEnE FEATURES OF YEAR SO FAR AS flEW MEXICO INDUSTRY IS COIICERIIEfl NOVEMBER ELECTION THE ONLY -EVENT TO DRAW ANY ATTENTION TO WHAT PARTICULAR YEAR IT IS Steady Growth Marks Development of State; No Epoch making Events and No Overwhelming Disaster; Remark able Progress in Education and Civic Betterment; Money Enough on Hand to Enable Citizens to Donate Liberally to Belgian Relief Fund and to Sustain All Local Charities; More Mining Wealth Produced Than in Any Former Year; Abundant Crops and Good Markets Bring Happiness to Agricultural Interests. Coal ' $5,588,352.17 Gold .. , $1,172,000.00 Industrial Products , ." .$9,875,000.00 Timber $2,750,000.00 Silver . . . i .' ........ 1.730.000 Ounce. Lead ... 1.340.000 Poundi Copper 65,600.000 Pound Zinc . 18.300.000 Pounds Coal mines in operation 44 Coke 405.127 Tons Coke Ovens 980 Corn 2.490.000 Bushels Wheat 1.794.000 Bushels Oits . 1 .938.000 Bushels Potatoes 1.140,000 Bushels Apples .. 864.000 Bushels Hay ; 510.000 Tons Cattle on ranges 950.000 Sherp 4.250.000 ' (By inul A. 1'. Waller) Santa Fe. Dec. 30. Rut for the No vember election, the year 1 ! 1 4 would liurdly be mentioned in the annuls of New Mexico for It was merely an or dlnury year of. quiet prosperity and steady progress, free from overwhelm, ing disaster or epoch-making events. With the - stress of hard times fell more or less in almost every other part of the world. New Mexico gar nered its crops, worked " mines, herded Its flocks and accomplished Its day's work each 24 hours. When the cry for help come from the Bel gians it responded nobly with cash and food. Just as readily the people heeded the cry of the needy ones at home and on Christmas day each of the larger communities had Its mu nicipal Christmus treo and no- family In want wont without Its Christinas dinner. ' ' ' . The Btu to looks back upon twelve months of remarkable . progress in education and In movement for civic betterment, typical of which was the raising in one brief week of $75,000 for a Young Men's Christian associa tion building; at Albuquerque. ; In mining. New Mexico produced more wealth than in any other year of its previous history. To $12,070,- 000 worth of metal ores must be ad ded $5,58, 352.17 worth of coal min ed, as well ns thousunds of tonw of lime, brick, clay, cement, gypsum and quantities of turquoise and other pre cious Ktoncs, so that the total min eral production was about $20,000,000. The value of crops produced was almost twice as much, for it was a year with abundant moisture and um ple yield on field and farm. l''or the stockman, too, it was a year of ex traordinary prosperity. The lumber Industry flourished ajid the only un toward Incident of magnitude was the passing of the American Lumber com. pany Into receivership, which it Is hoped Is merely a prelude to reor ganization and resumption of activi ties. It is true there were several regret table bank and business failures, such as always occur in the course of or dinary business, but after all these were few when compared with those In other states. , The election In November resulted In a victorious sweep for the republi can organ ization and the practical elimination of the progressive party as a political factor In New Mexico. Death struck down quite a number of people, prominent in various walks of life, but there were no serious mine or Industrial accidents demanding a heavy toll of life. Nor were mere heavy losses through fire, storm or flood. Mines hihI Mining. Says the United Kates Geological Survey for 1914: The Alogollon district, In Socorro county, which in 1913 yielded 61.8S In gold and 1,306,766 ounces of silver, showed small increase for 1914. V."n" siderable metallic gold and silver bullion was shipped from Finos Altos in addition to ores shipped.. The out nut ,.r ho o-nlH nnd silver bearing sl- liclous and copper ores of the Lords burg district increased. The White Oaks district. Lincoln founts', continued to produce gold bu Mnr, Pko KMl-suhiathtnWn district. Col fiix ' enimtv remained the principal t,in. ,,ii,rinir district. The Oro Grande district in Otero county, and the San Pedro district, nama. county, contributed gold and silver in eopper ores. The new 100 ton cya nide mill In the reopened Bland dis trict. Sandoval county, continued to produce silver-gold bullion after Sep tember, and gold-silver bullion was prpduced at the syanldation Plan in the revived Red river district, Taos county. . f The greater part of the output of copper comes from the operations or the Chino Copper company, which i is mining a low grade deposit at Rita by steam shovels. This ore is con- . u..ri.u in a wet concen- tratiow plant of five sections, where of 6,322 tons a day wast treated in 1913, the yield 'of copper for that year being 63.170,145 pounds. In 1914 the production of this com pany began to show material Increases over corresponding periods In 1913, being 17.28S.678 pounds for the first quarter and 17,032,871 pounds for the second quarter, but owing to the cur tailment of product necessitated by the condition of the copper market on account of the war In Europe, the production for the third quarter was only 11,491,120 pounds and the esti mated production for 1914 64,822.000, more than one-half of the total metal ore production of New Mexico coming from that one property. The Lords burg district continuod to produce a considerable quantity of copper, and the Oro Grande and Ban Pedro dis tricts ulso contributed to the produc tion. In preparation for handling the copper ores developed in the l!ur ro' mountain district, the Hurro moun tain Copper company completed an experimental mill during the year for determining the process' to be used in the proposed 1,000-ton concentration plant and made experiments with the flotation process. The Chlno prop erty is also making experiments witli that process. The lead output of New Mexico comes chiefly from the crude ore from the Cook's 1'euk district, Luna county, and from lead oro and con centrates from the Magduleiuc dis trict, Socorro county. Several ship ments were made from the organ dis trict. Dona Ana county, formerly an Important prouueer oi jeau. The mines producing zino in 1914 In New Mexico were in tno fltagua leniL district. Socorro county; the Cook's Peak district, Lunacoun'y: iin.i the Hanover and PlnoB Altos dis tricts, Grant county. The Mugdalena district was the most productive, the output being zinc carbonate ana mc sulphido ores and zinc sulphide con centrates. Zinc carbonate and zinc Kitlnhiiln nrcj Were shipped from cnoi;u iin.i cine carbonate from Han- ..-r lmimrtnnt development and piinntrnctinn work was done at Mug- dalena, Hanover and Plnos Altos. The production of zinc ore ana concen trates from New Mexico was 24.4S5 ,,n nf 41.95 per cent of zinc, com mired with 25,726 tons of 37.8 ler ,.Bnl zlne in 1913. Midway between the Pacific coast and the Gulf of Mexico, New Mexico, ... iho irafBU'av tu thn Republic of iovinn oeeunies a commanding com mercial and industrial position. From time immemorial, it has been on the great highways or commerce wmi spanned the continent in all direc tions. . . Covering as it does, iz.vvv square miles more than the Kingdom of Italy, and varying In altitude from 3,000 to 13,000 feet. In the same lati tude as southern California, Georgia, southern Spain and Greece. It offers sufficient range in climatic condi tions, in resources and in opportuni ties, to fulfill the hopes of its early conquerors who were In search of a new Eldorado. At present, with only three Inhabitants to the square mile as against 300 for Italy and 15 for California, it may be said to be still In the first stages of development, al though in point of settlement by white people, it is among the oldest of Am erican commonwealths, and as to oc cupation by sedentary town builders and cultivators of the eoil. its pre historic monuments show it to have been a land of fertility thousands of years ago. ... , Climatically, New Mexico Is espe cially favored. Not In Florida, out In New Mexico, the Spaniards found the Fountain of Youth. Thousands can attest that its climate has restored , them to health and they have truly j named It "The Land of Sunshine, j Climate is destiny, for, climate pre scribes the conditions under which people must live, must pursue agri culture and other industries and even decides the trend of art and litera ture. Civilization was born in the arid valleys of the Nile and tno Eu phrates and the countries that prac ticed irrigation were beehives of hu man Industry and progre M the very dawn tf hh'torv, j Airricultiiiv. New Mt'Xicu is first of all an Agri cultural state. Of 121,497 persons in gainful occupations In the lan fea eral census year, 66,887 were, employ ed on farms. It is slgnttlennt that the vulue of products of farm and range is twice that of mining and manufucturluu taken together. The corn crop harvested In 1914 was 2,490,000 bushel; the wheat crop 1,794,000 bushels; out- 1,938.000 hush. els; potatoes 1,140,000 bushels; hay 510.000 toiiH; apples 864.000 bushels; barley 100,000 buKhels; beans 100,000 bushels; sweet potatoes 20,000 bush els; broom nun 750,000 pounds; cot ton 2.000 bales: kiiftlr rorn 1,000,000 bushels; peanuts 3.000 bushels; dry pens 50,t)00 huthels; peuches 40,000 bushels: pears ,in,(h,o IiiinIicIh; plum and prunes 25.000 bushels; cherries 10,000 bushels; apricots 4,000 bushels; grapes 750,000 pnuuds; strawberries uo.ooo quarts: other berries, 60,000 quarts; nuts 275,000 pounds. Total value of the clops In 1914 exceed $20,. 000,000, an increase of 68 per cent in five years, Hiub giving some evidence of the rapid development of the re sources of the state and at the mime time a glimpse of the possibilities' that the .future holds In store. (ireat Agrlcul.iirul ullcyx. The vulleys of the largo rivers and tlu'lr tributaries, naturally, were first occupied und cultivated. The Rio Grande bisects the state from north to south, und along it and Its tribu taries were the first Irrigation sys tems and cultivated fields. The long est tributary of the Itio Grande la the Pecos, and It, too, furnishes water for Irrigation for tens of thousands of fertile acres. Another large basin Is that of the San Juan In the northwestern part of the state. Smaller, only by compari son, are the valleys of ihe Arkansas drainage area, of the Mil nb res, Ollu and lesser streams. The lower Pee s valley alone shipped 6,000 carloads of alfalfa, 1,000 carloads of apples, 400 carloads of cantaloupes, 100 cars of tomatoes, 50 cars of canned toma toes, 20 cars of cotton. 22 cars of on ions, 15 cars of honey, 1,000 cars of cattle, 2,500,000 pounds of wool this year. Artesian and pumping wells supple, ment the water supply from ruuning streams. The artesian belt In the lower Peeoa valley Is a wonder and a delight to every visitor and it has transformed a portion of the forbid ding Staked Plains into a Paradise of Verdure. Here, alfalfa is king, and orchards make fortunes. A net pro fit of $10,000 a year from a twenty acre apple orchard, has been recorded, and the yield from small parcels of land. Intensely cultivated, seems al most incredible. Pumping wells have reclaimed thousands of acres in the Portales and Mimbreg valleys and Indicate possi bilities that had been only barely sur mised ten years ago. The net profit on an acre of cantaloupes in the Por tales valley In 1914. averaged $57.58. There sweet potatoes yield 200 to 300 bushels per acre. Dairying is proving a money-making proposition and 1. 600 acres In alfalfa irrigated from wells attest to possibilities in raising forage crops, Irrigation. Rut the mainstay of the irrigation farmers is the irrigation project, big or mm' 11, that Impounds the waters ot the flood season for the day that they are needed by the crops. The largest Irrigation system in the state Is that which supplies the Meslllu valley with water. It is a federal reclamation project on which $8,000,000 -is being expended and which supplies water to as many acres as were irrigated in the entire state in the year 1900, Next In slfce is the Carlsbad reclamation project in the lower Pecos valley, also In the hands of the government. Loth of these volleys being the lowest In altitude in New Mexico and also the most southern, arc marvelously pro ductive, for the soil is deep and fer tile and the water supply permanent and assured. Private enterprise has built large irrigation systems In Colfax county, and so-called community systems sup ply the Irrigationlsts in other coun ties. Careful stream measurements indicate that New Mexico has suffi cient running water to irrigate 2, 350,00') acres. Less than one-third of that amount is under cultivation at present, thus demonstrating that here Is a promising field for further de velopment. The land is there, the water cun be stored, the soil is fer tile and the climate favorable. All that is needed Is capital and enter prise to triple the urea of irrigation farms and the agricultural production. The College of Agriculture and Me chanic Arts, the Mate engineer's -department, each and every community to be benefited, are all eager to ussiwt In developing and utilizing this latent resource. Under Individual and partnership Irrigation enterprises, 200,0,00 acres are under cultivation; under commer cial enterprises, 60.000 acres; under co-operative enterprises, 300,000 acres; under the United States recla mation service, 150,000 acres. There are almost a thousand artesian wells supplying 50,000 acres, 600 pumping wells supplying nearly 10.000 acres, A thousand storage reservoirs and ten thousand mli" of canals and ditches pour their waters upon the fertile acres, or almost twice the urea un-lover for at least a year, to erect com ...... 1.... Jk. ...... . .J.. I. 1 .1 I .....,.!. ... I i. ... ...... .1.. .... I lands during the growing season. The United-States ecnsu bureau gives the average eoBt of construction in New Mexico of Irrigation enter prises at $14.19 per acre and the cost of maintenance at $1.36 per acre per year. The census oureau aiso nas found that lrrlitation Increases the yield of corn 139 per cent, over non irrigated areas; oats, 34 per cent: wheat. 168 per cent; barley, 98 per cent; dry edible beans, 191 per cent; dry peas, 60 percent; timothy, 44 per cent; alfalfa, 168 per cent; other for age plants, 77 per cent; wild grasses, 122 per cent; coarse forage, 186 per cent; potatoes, 79 per cent Dona Ana county leads in tne acre age irrigated for It is the main bene ficiary of the Elephant liutte project. The Mesllla valley, whloh Is the sec tion reclaimed, resembles In Its pro ductiveness the Irrigated valleys of southern California. Chaves county, Including part of the lower Pecos val ley. Is second In Its irrigateu area, more than 60,000 acres being under irrigation. Eddy county is a close third, with mote than 50,000 acres, It, too, has a federal ' reclamation project like Dona Ana county and artesian wells tike Chaves. Then come Rio Arriba and Taos counties with close to 50,000 acres each. Va lencia? and Colfax counties have al most 40.000 acres each. San Juan county has more than 30,000 acres but water enough for 300.000 acres. San ta Fe, Sandovui, Socorro, Sierra, which is In part under the Elephant Butte project; Mora, San Miguel, Ber nalillo and Grant, have from' 20,000 to 25,000 acres under Irrigation. There are only two counties among the twenty-six without any Irrigation sys tem., Curry and Torrance, and these have small gardens whloh are irri gated from wells. Wherever water touches the soil in New Mexico there is growth and promise of prosperity, and with in-1 tense cultivation, the Sunshine. win necome xne granary ot me weft. . Of late fears, more than der li ligation, iuve Jm frfiil rvd In rul tivatiou by . co-ca)!tl f Ml J-f.iruiina methods. Kdtire itticj inuiHles nnu scores of towns and Villages have been ciented In New Mexico the past decade and a half, by dry farmers. The success of dry farming hss depended much upon the selection of drouth resisting crops, the application of sci entific methods, supplementary dairy ing, poultry raising und silos. There have been lamentable discouragement and failure occasionally, due to In experience or luck of euergy or suf ficient capital. Further experiment ation Is necessary to make certain Ha rrowing of crops In sections wllh less rainfall than fifteen Inches a year. There arc portions of New Mexico, ( specially In tue higher moiii.tuln val leys, where the rainfall is lieu' y enough for what Is culled tempur.il farming, or the i-uIMhk of clops with out irrigation or dry (arming meth ods. In the Moreno valley, for In stance. 15,000 pounds of potatoes per acre are produced on temporal farms. In tho Sacranientos, un th upper Pe cos, on Johnson's mesa und In other sections, thousands of acres are In temporal fitrms on which, desplie short seasons, satisfactory hurvests ore garnered. Free I A ml Still Abundant. Less than if.ooo.ooo acres out of the 78.000,0(10 acres In the slate -ire un der cultivation. Although there ara almost 10,000,000 acres in forest re serves, 15,000,000 acres of utute laud huge areas in private land grants and Indian reservations, there remain sub. Ject to entry under the public land laws of the Culled States 30,000,000 ere, an area exceeding that of the state ot New York. Much of it is subject to the 320-acre homestead a. l and will come under the proposed 640-ncre homestead act, which assures the homesteader a living even In the newest of diy farming sections, by giving him sufficient pasture tor dairy and poultry purposes. There are five federal bind offices in the state at which 'entries may be made and having Jurisdiction over a defi nitely portion of the state. In the Lus Cruets dlclrict, almost 12,000,000 acres are still subject to entry; In the Santa Fo lend district almost 8.000, 000 acres; In the Roswcll district, ", 500,000 acres; Fort Sumner dlstrlet, 2,000,000, and the Clayton district, 750.000 ucri-s. Thn state lands cover almost 13. 00O.OUO acrer, sre open to lease and in part to purchu.se at competitive public sales. There exist coloniza tion projects under which Irrigated lands may be purchuscd on long-time payments. Under the United States reclamation projects, a long time in granted to pay off the cost of water rights. Under community syrtems, the landholder pays his prorata either In money or in labor for maintaining the headgaten and ditches. Und-r ir rigation, tho farmer regulates his showers to milt his crops: the sun shine which Is so constant in ' N-w Mexico, helps him to produce the muJSA,in that the land can be made to yield, makes certain the garnering of the crops In their season, to a largo extent eliminating the elements of uncertainty. It Is the ideal meth od of farming. It makes possible tho community life, for Under Irriga tion the smuli farm unit is tho most profitable. IJvclix-k. Next to funning, the raising ot livestock la the principal Industry of the Sunshine State. For several de cades past, New Mexico has been one, of the leading wool producers of tha Union. Conditions are very favor able for sheep raiting and tho number of sheep In the state has been til high as 6,000,000, though at present less than .4.260,000.. as,, the grading of flocks has a tendency to decrease them numerically. The wool ship ments exceed 29,000,000 pounds an nually, yielding a return of $1,000, 000.' The vusl extent of the public rungc, the comparatively open win ters, the protection of the range and its equitable apportionment by the forest service, all conduce to make the business a profitable one. To it will lie added sooiibr or later, tho feeding of livestock for market. It is along this line that capital und enter prise would find prof it able openings Immediately, for New Mexico has not I only the public range und largo areas of state lands which can be leased for a few cents an acre, but also raises the fodder and has the farms on which the fattening ot mutton an 1 beeves should be exceedingly profit uble. With 950,000 cattle on Its ranges, New Mexico Is among the heaviest cattle growing states. Here thn typi cal cowboy of western song and story Is still swincinir his lariat, 'lo tho large cattle outfits have been added jmiullor concerns and more than, one cowboy, beginning with an invest inont In a few head of stock, has prospered and Is now a cuttle king. More than half a million goalM browse on the underbrunh of New Mexico foothills, delectable range for the sure-footed and hardy aiilmals, in Sierra and Grant counties especially, tho raising of goats has been very successful, but in all of tho other mountainous sections of the state al so, particularly In Sandoval,. Socorro Santa Fe, Lincoln, McKlnley, Mora, Otero, Rio Arriba and even In Chaves Hnd Eddy counties, ten of tnousanus of gouts are to be found on the ranges. Of horses. New Mexico has a quur ter million and the state Is apt to be come a heavy producer of horsefles'.i for army and commercial purposes. Of hogs there are more than 60,000, and hog raising on a large scale hus nroved nulla urofllable. Mules number .more than 20,000, and the burro haa been a transporta lion, standby for centuries, Dairying and poultry raising aro growing to be important specialized occupations and will add materially Mr the income of farm and range, Marvelous Growth. In 1890, New Mexico had 4,453 farms of more than three acres each; ten years later it had 1 1.834 euctt farms: in 1910 It had 35,678 farms, according to the census bureau, or an Increase of 760 per cent In twen ty years, . la. 1890, the value of Tarm property $83,643,141; in 1900 it was $53,737, 814, and in 1910 It noa climbed to $159,447,990. Domestic animals were valued at $25,111,202 n 1890, at $31,727,400 In 1900, and $43. 494.679 In 1910. while today, the val ue exceeds $50,000,000.. The value of farm buildings increased from $3, 565,105 in 1900, to $13,024,50? In 1910; farm implements and machin ery from $291,140 In 1890, to $1,161,-, 610 in 1900, to $4,122,312 in 1910, and to exceed $5,000,000 In 1914. The area included in farms was 782,882 acres in 1890. In 1900 it was 6,130, 878 acres; in 1910 It had Increased to 11.270,021 acres, while In 1914 It was 15.000.000 acres. Public land en tries have fluctuated between 12,000 and 20,000 annually the past decade and a half. It is readily understood therefore that now is the time to take advantage of growth and development of the irtaU by filing on a homestead or purchasing lands. In another de cade, the lands adapted to agriculture will all be In private ownership. . It must be emphasized, however. that it requires some capital to cre ate a profitable farm, even though tli nay be had for a nominal filing 'he prospective settler should xiurccs enough to tide turn. fitit tijbi bulhiuiKi, to Mo k the mm h wan domestic uninials, tu buy farm In It Implements and seed. He should have money for tho sinking uf a well and tho erection of a pumping pi ml In thus sections where irrigation is from wells or In tho dry farming cu unties. in the irrigation districts he should have the means to acquire water rights und in divert the water upon his laud. Kut given a moder ate capital, enemy and Intelligence, lb, io w no part of the country nt this day where the returns will no so sat isfactory und the values Increasu so steadily ns In New Mexico. Mining. Gold was mined in Now Mexico long before the famous g-dd discovery In California In 1818. The stale pro. dliced $1,172,000 worth of gold ill 1914 and has ilk it.- Hum added some thing like $100, Ooo. 000 to the nation's stock of that metal. Silver Is pro duced to the extent of $1,730,000 worth in 1914. Of copper. New Mexico pro duced lust year 65,600,00'J pounds, nlitclnir it high In rank among the stales of the Union, Ulnu prouuctlon Inst er amounted to 18,300,000 pounds: lead. 1.340,000 pounds. As a coul producer New Mexico has been steadily Increasing Us outpui, the production last ur having been $.634,217 tons of toul and 405,127 tons of coke. , Five thousand men arc employed In and uboul tho coul mill b. 1 '.vi t these figures give no udeqiialu Idea of thn Inline lo-ity of the coal vie poults In New Mexico. These aluorut to billions of tons in Sun Juan, Col fax and McKlnley counties. In San ta Fe, Rio Arriba, Socorro, Uncoln counties the coul veins that have been piospected or are being worked, are also extensive. In fact, the coul area of New Mexico exceeds that of Hel glum and France combined or trut of Germany. San Ju.m county has coal veins 40 feet thick. The supply available runs Into billions ot tons. What that means toward the develop ment of Industry and commerce, can hardly be estimated In Its VHstm-ss. There is not a county In New Mex 1(0 without Its mlnrrnl Indication. From gold placer to marble quurrlcs, from Iron deposits to coal veins, from mountains of lime to beds of clay, from Inexhaustible copper resources to mines of precious turquoise, the world hardly yet realises the extent of the Sunshine state's mlnrr.il wealth. Its surface has been scarce ly scratched and the prospector finds a virgin field, the Investor rich prom ise of returns. Most Important, how ever, will be the utilization eventual ly, of the raw materials and of the fuel for emelters, rolling niftls und factories. Manufacture's It Is this limitless wealth in raw material that destines New Mex ico to become another Pennsylvania. There is in the state 600.000 horse power of unutilized wnter power; It has the material for making cement, glass, chtnaware. Its supply of gyp sum and lime Is almost limitless. It has the ores and the fluxing mater ials for smellers, iron and meet mills. It hus the hide for tanneries, shoe and glove factories, tho wool for the woolen mills, raises nigar beets ot the highest percentage of purity and su gar content for beet sugar mills, the cotton for the cotton gins and mills: tho cheap fuel, the transportation fa cilities, the proximity to great, unde veloped markets. Only a small be ginning has been made In manutar turing and therefore competitive pres. sure is ubsent, labor conditions are or the most advantageous. Municipali ties are ready to grant subsidies and the state tux exemptions to foMer in dustry, outside of railroad shops, a few cement and plaster mills, wveral fruit canneries, munufacturles of silver filigree on a smull scale, the making Of pottery und weaving of blankeU by the Indians, and a numl'er or ore reduction plants, there is a dearth of manufacturing lndut-.es, Thougn the state's ore production exceeds $10. 000.000 unnually, it has not a slnRio siiielu r or steel mil It seems an obvious economical waste to f hip raw material 2,000 miles to the Atlantic senboard nnd then to re-shlp it to tho Rocky mountains in munulactuird form, or to pasn It through New Mexico on its way to the Pacific, or tile Orient, when It might Just ns well be manufactured In New Mexico und the freight charg is of 4,000 miles saved, for New Mexico has the ruw material, tho fuel, the water power, the cllmute, tho avail able labor and skill, and offers spe elal Inducements tp manufacture thoo things for which n ready market Is found within tho slate or In tributary trade terillory. The Viilu" of man iitu, tiired products turned out In New Mexico unnually Is $10,000,000, aim 5,000 persons tire given employmcit. LumlHTing. New Mexico has 9,H00,0Q0 acres In national forests, ,1,000.000 ncres moP! in private timber trucls or in timber on statu lands. In oilier words, an ares, twico that of tho state of Mary land Is covered with timber. Thin hr, resulted In extensive lumbering operations. Under the forest regula tions of the government, tho Indus try Is now pluced upon A sclf-perpetu-uting basis. Litrge timber areas Bro still on the market and the govern ment is eager to let contracts on ad vantageous terms for the cutting of billions of feet of matured timber. CJomnu-roc. From ancient times, New Mexico has been on the hlghrouda of com merce across the continent. Tho old est trail in America, that from Vera Cruz, terminated ,ij Santa Fe. So did the famous Hunt Fe trail, and at Si,nt Fe Btartcd the first trail to California, The amount ot traffb started over those early trails was enormous. Since 1880. the railroads have supplanted tho caravans, and tho automobile the ox team. Hut New Mexico is still on the great transcon tinental traffic arteries, the Kantu. Fe, the Southern Pacific and the Rock Island systems. In addition, it has quite a complete system ot locnl rail roads und feeders, the total m lien go exceeding 3,000. Of course, in a state so vast in extent, there is ample room for further transportation develop ment, Good Road. New Mexico Is building good roads as rapidly as Its financial resources permit. The past year a million dollars wus expended by the state, counties and the federal government. As a rule, when the weather is fair and the climate of New Mexico Is such that nine of every ten days are fair the thousands of miles of wagon road are In splendid condition for automobile travel. The Btute, howev. er. Is building roads in accordance with modern engineoring, roads that are links in the main highways from the Atlantic to tho Paclfu-j and from Canada to Mexico. I'l ("amino Real, the Royal Highway, bisect the state from south to north and Is part of the 'Id Trails highway. Th Southern Trails highway crosses the state ui do the Panhandle and Gran Qulveru highways. Thus the motorist from the east anil the north is offered the choice of roads to the west and the south, each of which has attractions of Its own and all of which are travel ed the year around, because ot the open winters nf this latitude. for the Toiirinl. New Mexico is both a winter and summer resort. It Is In addition a land ot a thousand wondera scenic, , hbtolicnl, urchneoloijleiil. No other state hus such tourst (('tractions. Its mission churches nie 150 years older ItiHii those of California, and many of them are shrines for worship to the present day. Cave and cliff divclllng number tens of thousands mm nit- , , iv H mull, tiii'u- . .... i . l. .. ... amis of eurs old. Indian pueblos ,'""'" I'ulurrh. dyHpepHlu, ibeuma und hogans ale ns quaint und inyster-jUm. weak, tired, languid feelings and lin us any of (be ancient habitations worse troubles, PURE RICH BLOOD PREVENTS DISEASE Mud blood Is "responsible for inoro ailments thun anything else. It of the Orient. Indian dances, such us may ho witnessed in New Mexico, and church ceremonials, nre more In leresihig und us full ot poetic nnd symbolic meaning as uny of the Gruk mysteries. New Mexico has been the meeting plate of successive cultures, of many races nnd trlbed Mild each lias left Us Imprint, each bus Its survivors, making the laud u ueiiMire-trovo for archueologlst and ethnologist. Nowhere else in the t'nlled States can be found so great a variety .' unique sights, glimpses of Old Spain ami of scenes that hulk lm k to prehlstoriu limes. R Is Egypt and HubylnnUt, HpHtn and M x Ico, Colorado and California. Switz erland and the Orient, combined. Stupendous mountain maws, the lof tiest peaks more than 13,000 feet high, are accessible by easy trails to their very pinnacles; hudowy can yonc, llower spangled mountain meadows, picturesque waterfalls, whli iierina pine forests, bubbling trout streams, vast game preserves, the 11 pervading sunshine, the mystery or the desert, the Invigorating atmos phere or the higher ulllluitcs, tno uiiluue aspect of Irrigation, the smile of the orchards and alfalfa fields, tin-uuFpolb-d hoHpttulity of flal-roofeu adobe homes In which the melllfliloui Spanish Is spoken, sre all su nued by perfect turquoise skies that rivat those of Nuples and of Andalusia. Yen, verily, here la a land of delight, oi myriad c-hurms, of the heart s de sire, well worth a vinlt and a slay. IdiK-st.oll. New Mexico is a commonwealth ot school houses, churches, handsome and substantial public buildings, ot law-ubiding, progressive citizenship, in SanU Fe county alone, with about 15.000 inhabitants, fifty two modern m hoid houses were built the past year. The state maintains a university, an Agricultural college, a. S hoot of .Mines, a military Institute, three nor mal schools, besides hospitals, or phans' homes, reform school and oth er Institutions, all noiiHeu in n.uoern buildings and endowed with lmmeusc lund grants. A museum of art una arcnaeoiogy Is located In the Palace of the Govern. . . ... .. , L' ..... nun... - - - ...... .. ... J lhan 300 years old and In many rc-;ono. r .no umi . oi ic i " spects the most historic building m tne United States. In It are found priceless historical and archaeologies! collections, precious heirlooms, paint ings and ancient manuscripts, hlstoiic and linguistic libraries, such as not iliinlli.ulAil unvu'h..l-ai flM FV'OI'V community has Its churches, learned l'"ld mineral springs, mountain and fraternal organization-, tharlty i treats, ranch rworts, good hot. a structure more llood'j Hursapui'lliu him been Won del fully mcccssrul. la frllying und enriching the blood, removing scrofu la and other tuiinors, und building up tho tvhole system. Take it give it to all the family so ns to avoid illness. Get it today. ' . , grown even more rapidly. Albuquer que had only .1,78.', people in I '('. Roswcll only 2.04'J in J00, experi i nctnrf a growth of 201 per cent In ten years, Albuquerque Increasing Its population 76,7 per cent In the same deiiide. A tier of new eointle has sprung Into existence the past two decades that cover area which U quarter of a century ago hud not a single huhitullnn. Of the 327,301 people in New Mex ico In 1910, 26.331 were of foreign born or mixed parentage; 20,573 In dians, l.6'-8 negroes, 258 Japanese, 24M Cblnen", of the native-born white population, l4,2'17 wire born in New Mexico, und of these, about 130.000 Were of Simnlnh-Amei m wti parentage, either as to both or olio of the parents. Of the persona born outairle of the state, 30,506 came from Texas, 1 1,605 from Missouri, 7,007 Irom Illinois, 7,348 from Oklahoma, 6.281 from KuiiKft, 4.764 from Ten ncotce, 4.3S6 from Kentucky, 4,353 from Arkansas. 4,266 from Colorado, 4,?84 from Iowa. 4.087 from Ohio, 8, 564 from Indiana. 2,640 from Penn sylvania, 2.381 fiom New York, 2,324 from Alabama. 1.244 fTom New Eng land slates, 1,196 from Pacific states. Of foreign population, Mexico contli buled 21,948, Germany 6,143. England . 3.394. I tali' 2.826, Irelund, 2.722. Can ad,i 2,228, French Canadian 404. Aus trlu 1,707, Scotland 1,419. these fig ures Includ ng not only those foreign born but hIho the children born In thin country to foreign parents. A 4 onllul Invitation. What was stated us true ten years ago In the official book for the St. Louis exposition, applies at this time: "New Mexico wants unite people. It needs I hem; It hus room and re sources for them. It offers to Immi grants n fine climate, free hoim-HteadS boards and civic bodies. Taxation Is equitable and not crushing und wlur-cvt-r the tax rate appears high there tho Bsseasment rate Is low. Every heud of a lamlly Is given a liberal tux exemption. The Indebtedness of i state, counties and municipalities is comparatively small. New Mexico is law-ab ding, ts people are lllier.il. hospitality Is the rule ami tho social sldo of community life Is extraordin arily well developed. (Hmuto. In a domain so extensive, covering several degrees of latitude und vary ing 10,000 feet in altitude, there la nuturnliy a considerable variety of climate conditions, although, gener ally speaking, the so-called mountain and arid conditions prevail. Nights ara always coot even In the lowest and most sheltered portions. In the higher Sierras, the winters are long und cold, but the sunshine modifies even the coldusl day to a certain ex tent. There nro mountain vulleys where the rainfall Is sufficient to raise crops without Irrigation. Thoro ure sec tions where the rainfall averages only four or live inches a year, although j tho normal for tho state Is between 11 i..l ir. Im.h.iu kt'jirv luit'Hoii tint common wealth is salubrious) There Is un ulinoHt totul absence of epidemic or of mulaiiu. New Mexi co's ( limine s a suecllh: for tuber eulosls. There uro thousands of people In the state who came ua healthseekers, who liked it so well us to remain utter they were restored to health, nnd who prospered In busi ness, farming, stock ruining or other pur.iults. Ph.VHlcluiis agree Unit climate Is an important factor In the cure of tu berculosis und the United Stales gov ernment has so far recognised Hint New Mexico's climate. Is tho best suit ed for restoring to health Hie con sumptive, that It maintains u sanitar ium at Fort liuyurd. Grant county, ror tho army, und unothcr ut Fort Stan ton, for thn murine service. Well equipped sanitaria, are found in the larger towns but iih the niuln essen tial for tho heulthseeker Is outdoor life, abundant but well-selected food, sufficient means to support himself without work or worry and a deep In terest in his surrounding in oraer to ward off homesickness, he will find restoration to health ulso on ranch, range or forest, though, perhaps, not with the ease und comfort to be had in a suniturlum where a speclul study hus been made of hi? needs. New Mexico has n considerable number of hot und mineral .springs Whose waters are specifics for vtrloiis chronic ailments. At several of these springs, hotels and but It houses huvo been erected, at others, tho accom modations are more crude. 1 hese springs have been fumou for hun dreds of years among the Indians who often came long distances to benefit from their healing powers. Population. The rural population exceeds that of town and city by fur In New Mexi co. In fact, New Mexico has no large urban centers. Up to the last census, It had not a single town of ficially accredied with 1C.000 popula tion. That cenrus lifted Albuquer que alone into that class, mid thit city today, with Us widespread su burbs has probably 20,ono people. It boasts also of the Impi ovements and facilities or a metropolis of 50,000 and more Inhabitants, Next In popu lation Is Roswcll, the metropolis of tho Pecos valley, which with suburbs has more thun 7,500 people. A dose third Is Santa Fc, tha capitul, a town more than 300 years old und most picturesquely situated. No other n corporatod community reaches the 5,000 mark In population, although Las Vegas and ISuBt Las Vegas to gether exceed It and Las Cruces and Raton come near to It und with su burbs probahly exceed it. There are 33 incorporated places In the stute, the smallest of which has 300 in habitants. New Mexico's population is not quite 400,1100, although It is expected that the end of 1915 will puss that mark and tha next census will find half a million Inhabitants, The growth in population has been rapid ot late years, the percentage of In crease between 1900 and 1910 hav ing been 67.6 per cent. In 1850, the state, which then Included Arizona nnd southern Colorado, had a popula tion of only 81,547. In 1870. It was still less than 100,000 and in 1900 It was lens than 200,000. Towns have Slates, ureal natural resources: to the heullhseekers, health; to the tourist, scenic, historic and archaeological at tractions; to the sportsman, good fifhing und bunting: to the summer und winter guests, the bent summer and winter climate on earth, hot and re- I ue. eommodallons and the comforta and luxuries of modern communities; lo the farmer, good crops; to the coal miner, permanent work and good pay; to the prospector, extensive min eral deposits; to thn mechanic and profeHslonal man, tho same and bet ter ehiinces lhan uny other country that Is settling up, room on the top If they deserve It; to the stockman n free range and a cUinute tuvoruhle to stockiuising; to the manufacturer, openings to establish factories snd InlllH that should yield good profits; to tho real estate man, cheap lands and u chuuee lo nmliii money, nnd to the capitalist, opportunities to make big dividends und to buy anything that his heart desire", from a gold or copper mine wrin a million or more, to a game preserve as big us a Euro pean kingdom. ,.!,., i ilenlthseekers thould come to New Mexico by all means. They Nhouhl come before illseuse has made Inroads upon the system. If they want to bo sure of recovery: they should come even tv (he dlrctihtt has advanced no ticeably, for possible curp or at least, prolongation of life, but they should not come without means to pay their way, the firsl year at least. Tho Jobs for heallhseekers lire few und far be tween and s heallliseiiter should not work for u living If he desires to re gain his hcttlth speedily. Living Is as reasonable In cost In New Mexico as anywhere else In the United States. "The uhi of competition und trade ore the fume In the SuiiHhlne slate n elsewhere, Fortunes .re very sel dom made In one clay. The poor min who comes west must expect to work, and work hard for a living; the cup Itallwt must Invest und Invest Judi iloutily lo make money. After this is said, however. It can be truthfully ud ded that New Mexico offers great op portunities to the honest und Intel ligent worker lo become Independent and to gam affluence und civic unit political prominence In time; and o the fhrevvd nnd careful capitalist, greater and surer returns on his in vestments i)in ix uny other portion of the globe, "It Is to the homesecker, to the farmer, to Hie stockrulser, to the min er, to tho merchant, to the munufuc turer, to the capitalist, tha New Mexico is an undeveloped empire of magnificent resources, which throws a peerless climate Into the bargain wllh the rich returns that are offered to the man with capital to Invest, or with brains nnd brawn to apply." Many landlords and tenants first met through the want columns of tho Journal, Household Economy ML How io liars (ke Best ool Rrnrdy and gave $3 bj Making It at Horn Cough medicines mb a rule contain a large quantity of plain syrup. A pint of granulated sugar with V4 pint of warm water, stirred lor 2 minute, fives you as good syrup as money can buy. . Then get from your druggist ZVt ounces Ilineg (oil cents worth), pour into a pint bottlu mid till the boltlo witli sugar svrup. '1 lils eives vou. at a cost of only 64 cents, a lull pint of reallv better cough jyrnp tliun you could uuv ready made for (K.IiO a clear savim of neaiiv Full direc tions with Pinex. It keeps perfectly and tastes good. It takes hold of the usual cough or chest cold st once and conquers it in 2t hours. Splendid for whooping cough, bronchitis unci winter coughs. It's truly solonishinjr how quicklvr it loosens the dry, hoarse or tight cough and heals nd soothe the inllamed mem bra lie In the cae of a painful cough. It also stops the formation of phlegm in the throat und bronchial tubes, thus end ing the persistent loose sough. Pinex is a higlUy eoneenl rated com pound of genuine Norway pine extract, combined with gtiaiacol, and has been used for generations to heal inflamed, membrane of tho throat and chest. To avoid disappointment, ask your druggist for "24 ounces of Pinex,""and UUIl t UCeeilt Slivfllinir aW. . A uimranlu I of absolute satisfaction, or money prompt ;Z ''funded, goes with tail preparation. . Jbo Vmex Co., Ft. VVgyne, Inii, t u 9 iP la I ! l a an average ? r