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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
TMIKTY-SIXTH YKAIt 1 Ml . X . E Shakc-up of Committees Ne cessitated to Fill Places Left Vacant by Members Who , Were 'Rausmitted, MODESTO ORTIZ PLACED ON BANKS AND BANKING Do-nothing Day With Legis lature Yesterday; Burns Proposes Appropriation for State Fish Hatchery, , ARtCIAL OlARATCH TO MONNINa JOURNAL Suntu Fc, Jan. 26. Judge t. T. Toombs was honored thin afternoon by being given more committee as signments thun are possessed by any oilier representative. In the rear rangement of committees caused by the unseating of four democrats he landed on eight of the most Import ant committees, towit: finance, edu cation, constitutional amendments, In surance, penitentiary, Judiciary, rules and wax's and means, i Modesto Ortiz wus uppolnted by I Seakcr Itomero on the committed): on IjankK anil bunking, cupltol, cor-; porutlons, disbursement of public moneys, library, public property, highways and Mate, county and mu nicipal indebtedness. Antonio T. Chaves wan placed on the committee on counties and coun ty lines, enrolled and engrossed bill, mine mid mining, public printing, public institutions and laxution and revenue. . ! DcliUHIUts Switched. ! The following democratic changes! were announced by Speuker Itomero: j Welsh In place. of Hojorquc on II-j brary; Mullens in place of Carcla on irrigation; Casutis in place of G. C. Smith on engrossed and enrolled bills; i Skeen In place of Miera on disburse ment of public moneys; Holland In place of Miera on counties and coun ty lines; lilack In place of Smith on ways and means; Swan In place of Uojorque on railroads; liutherford in place of (larcia on public Institu tions; Smith in place of Miera on pen 4litWiT1 - Val h t'h c of Hojorquci on livestock; Bryant on capltol in place of Garcia. Palmer and Francis exchange pluces, Francis going on tho committee on counties and county lines and Palmer on the penitentiary com miltee. speaker Itomero will succeed Mr. n. rhah-rmui .if ihe committee on rules, the latter, however, remain- ing on the committee. Mr. Navies was the only member who held two chair- inanships, being also chairman of the important committee on judiciary. In addition to the reasslgnmeiit of! committee memberships, the only I i.m.i..... tranxurt...! i.v i h,. h.niuf. this I afternoon was to approve the Journal ; of the day before. Hoth houses will j tomorrow appoint delegations to at-, tend the funeral of Harry M. Dough- elt1' ., ... . 1 l or Slate I'imi Hatchery. ' lu the senate, Mr. Hums will in- trod ure. a measure for a state fish! liutchery, the bill appropriating $10,-j OIK) from the game protection fund ' for that purpose. The hatchery is to be located either on state or federal ! land, or upon a tract donated by some ! individual. It is expected that the spawn to start off the hatchery will be donated by the federal government. An effort will be made to have the slule replace $7,00,0 in the game pro tection fund that has been transferred to the salary fund. Deputy dame Wurdcn ruge 1!. Otero will go to Albuquerque on Sat urday to meet with sportsmen from j all parts of the state to draft amend- j meats to the game law. ill of C0TTON nlsn;t nfaannni Trt III i o.n,. jOUan.l ,r,c,.l ... .,. MUblmlu IN HQUS CAUSES Ml CHANGES Austrian iiuisit miiik. i Alonterey whs issued late today at the l.oo, Ion, .Ian. 2B (.1:11 a. in.) A 1 lule department: dispatch to tho Daily Mail from Ven-: -Tbf, department Is In receipt of a lee says it is reported there from 1 ,.t.,,OI.t st.,llnff tnut rai t.ommunic.i I rlesto that an Austrian cruiser hasj tlou between F.I Paso, Tex., and Mon struck a mine near the Urionl islands tt.r,.y ,H interrupted und sunk. The Urioni islands are at! "it i reported to the department, the mouth of the harbor of Pola, I under date of January 20, thai, tho "Usirias big naval base and arsenal I troonu ut the eltvr nf Sun I.nlu I'nti.i n the Adriatic. The Day in Congress SKXATF.. Met at 11 a. m The administration .shinnine- bill, as revised by the senate canons w us ', ii'liorieo oy ine commerce committee ' the measure pro - anu debute on ceedeil. Majority Lender Kern gave notice that night sessions would bo held to meet republican opposition to gov ernment ship purchase bill. Senator o'donnun Introduced 11 hill to penalize use of mails for ne gotiations of loans in violation of Mtate usury statutes. Confirmed nomination of Henry Clay Hull to Biicceed himself us In terstate Commerce commissioner. Itecessed at 5:50 p. m. to 11 Wednesday. a. in. holsi;. M'-t at 11 a. m. , Debate was resumed on the agri cultural appropriation bill. Hesolution introduced by ' Hepre tentative GittinH of New York to re quest the president to invue all na tions to participate in a peace con ference at Niagara Falls on or soon after March 24, next. Adjourned at 6 p. m. to noou Wed nesday. WEATHER IX)KECAST. Washington. Jan. 26. Ijo: Fair Wednesday "ay. New Ilex and Thurs- u.mIiIiik ten, Jn. I'nlcss there Is an unexpected increase in the de mand for loans the f I :(r,niio,im) cot ton fund will end lis existence shortly after February I, Then subscription's of banks through the north, west und cast will lie cancelled und southern bankers and Cotton men will be left to finance the surplus crop In their own way. I'p date applications for loans from the fund amount to about $12, 1100 and officials, here say they have no reason to believe t tint there will be many more applications tu fore (he period for making them expires, Feb ruary l. The federal risen e board In Us in dividual capacity, the central com mittee of the cotton loan fund, has conclude), in view of this showing, that the plan should be abandoned. ' ROADS NOT FURNISHING FREE TRANSPORTATION BT MOSNINt JOURNAL SRCCIAL LBAACD WIRttl Toledo, ()., Jan. 28. Railroads are not furnishing free transportation for Belgian relief supplies, according to lleorge K. Pmneioy, one of the men in charge of the work in Ohio, who returned today from the New York headquarters of the commission. Karly in the movement, I'omeroy said, a number of roads advertised that they would carry supplies free to New York, but afterward realizing that they were in conflict with inter state commerce laws, withdrew the offer. Pomerov suv all I lie ti unsliol'tation expenses as well us the cost of main- talnlng office rooms and other obli gations are being borne by some wealthy men in New York. Convention Government As sures Secretary Bryan That It Will Right Wrongs When oonirui is uamea, RV MORNING JOURNAL SPECIAL LKAAAO WIRA Washington. Jan. 20. Secretary Bryan gave today his first Interview tp Knriiiue C. Llorente, Washington representative of the convention gov ernment at Mexico City. Mr. Llo rente said he went to the state de partment by Instioirtiou fiom l.is ov-f 'ernmeut to Inform the I'nited fftates j that full protection would bo given I foreigners and their property. "I made a declaration," said Mr. Llorente, "to the secretary of state on behalf of my government, that in view of the threatening attitude, of t'ar- 'ranza towards ioreign inuereMls in ramplco, it was deemed convenient to H''Y at " l l"lv'"ll"ii government w" 'fov''l n,'1 utrlctly by the laws j already In force and those that shall) )p , uly r!,U!ut'1 " r'"(,l,,,,-t of , v,,?tr'1 i '1"h'f- A" '"' wrongs committed by j ihr rraiia. government at u iui """",u " as me convto- .,,.7. , . ' . ' ... . .. '. rntnent gains control of that , h ; j aim of he conveniion ovn,;'nt is to gain f.MtV dml " i T.". . i. " .T. ?. . , .. " ' ... ... . ' , e ' foreign nations by showing a proper degree of care for the lives and pron- erty of their nationals." Mr. I.lorcnte's visit was a senuel : the conference w hich Secretary llryan ! hud last week with Kliseo Arredondo, Washington representative of deneral Carranza concerning the oil situation at Tampieo. While it is the policy of 'the state department to deal through, its consular agents with tho iiulhorl-l ties in defaeto control at any point in j Mexico, Secretary ISryun has received j j unofficially representatives of all lac- i I tions, though such conferences hav. ' j been comparatively few. I j ! iSl'.M.MAHY OF SITTATIOX IX IKMI1.1I MF.XHJO Washington, Jan. 2li. -The follow- ; ing summary of the military situation i in Mexico around San l.uis Polosi and' have Joined the anti-Villa faction und I that there is no communication be t tween that place and Aguas Calientes i At the time this report wus sent tho ! trains hound for Mexico City from ; Kl 1'aso, Tex., have been unable to j proceed beyond Aguaa Calientes anil a great many Americans who were on their way to Mexico City Were com pelled to either remain at Aguas Call- 'ntPS r return to Kl Paso. From the 't,st information obtainable ii would appear trial the train service to iviex--leo City Is interrupted Indefinitely at points south of Aguas Calientes." JUDGE LINDSEY IN CLASH WITH SOLONS (y MfJItNINfl JOURNAL APICAL LIASIO WIRtl Denver, Jan. 26. The Colorado' house of representatives and the ju venile court over which Judne Ken U. Lindsey presides, clashed today over whether Frank Dennis, aiied la, should continue as house page. The court had issued a warrant charging Mrs. Anna Dennis with contributing to juvenile delinquency in permitting her son to uct as page. The house adopted the recommendation of a special committee to appoint every j lawyer-member to defend Airs. Den-j nis at her hearing next Friday. I The house motion when floor leader, warrant had was thrown Into com E. M. Sabln, republican unnounced that such a been issued. .. More Survivors of lUuwher. London, Jan. 26 (4:30 p. m.) Two hundred addltlnal survivors of the Herman cruiser Hluerher, sunk in tho North sea Sunday hy British war ships, have been landed. They in cluded a few petty officers. PROTECTION FOR OIL INTERESTS IS ! j NOW PROMISED ALBUQUERQUE, FEDERAL JUDGE TO PUSS UPON TERRE HAUTE'S Jurisdiction of United States Government Matter Which Never Has Been Determined Fully by Courts, ARGUMENTS MADE FOR AND AGAINST IT Three More Men Under Indict ment Plead Guilty, Bringing Total Up to Eighty-three, at Present Time. IT MORNINfll JOURNAL FACIAL LBABln WIRA) Indianapolis, lnd., Jan. 26. tinted states District Judge A. H. Anderson will rule next Monday morning whether the federal government may take cognizance of alleged election iruuiis where senators and congress men are Involved. He listened today' for five hours to arguments on this question, which stands undetermined more than 127 years after the adop - tlon of the constitution of the I'nited States, and took the question under advisement. The cases involved are those of twenty-seven of the 126 men indicted by the federal grand Jury on charges of conspiring to corrupt an election in Terre Haute, lnd., November 1, 1114. Representative A. O, Stanley of Kentucky, arguing for the defense, maintained that unless the offense! i charged Involved the question of age, color or previous condition of servi tude, the mutter was one for state courts because states have control of their own suffrage Frank S. Kohy, his colleague, argued that, in order to charge fraud, It must be shown I someone was doinived of something. ' Frank Halley, I'nited HtateH dis ' trict attorney for Indiana, argued that , tho government had jurisdiction iniis- much as congress fixed the day for j the election. That a stute election I occuri-exl the same day was incidental, I he said. He rend decisions intended ; to refute Mr. Itoby's argument and I declared that conspiracies to defraud of IntaiigiblB viuets hud been recog- ricied at law ;.Jt y n nill.'h of it fl'ilitl. " hi. llo. ,.aIei ,0 conspire to steal a member I of congress by corrupting an election as It Is to conspire to steal a postage stamp or a million dollars." j Three more indicted men pleaded guilty before the arguments today, making a total of eighty-three to do I so thus tar. Food led In llclgiuin. ' New York, Jan. Uli. Foodstuffs as well us cash are required' by the American commission for relief in Delirium, the commission noinled out In a statement issued tonight explain- ing what was alluded to as "confusion ,nHt hiis "risen through the activities ,,f various individual committees" Th e committees have issued appeals . I for cash contributions only, It was stated, lending to a report that Ihe I main oiKHiiizaiinn was not in further , need of supplies. IflY MUftNINd JOUflNAl APICAL LAAKO WIAI ChiruKD, Jan. 26. Western rail roads must bring Into court the basic data on which they make their claim that demands of enginenien for wae Increases would add $40,1100, 000 an nually to the pay rolls. Judge Jeter C. Pritchard, chairman of the board of arbitration, so ordered today after Warren S. Stone, presi dent of the Hrotherhood of Locomo tive Engineers and of counsel for the employes, declared figures submitted to substantiate the railroads' conten tion were inconsistent, in his belief, with reports to the Interstate Com merce commission. The entire amount of data at Issue would fill a small freight train, it was taid, but an agreement probably will be reached whereby this quantity will bo greatly reduced. J. H. Keefe, assistant generul mali nger of the Uitlf, Colorado & Sunta Fe railroad, testified today, under cross examination by Mr. Ktone, that earnings of the railroads involved In this ease were, for 1914,' 111.8 per cent loss than in 1910, and 11.5 per cent less than In liH!. Increased tonnage, he suid, was offset by increased ex penses. The loss In gross operating revenue from June to December, 1914, was $29, 000,000, us compared with the suine five months of 191S, he said. Judge Pritchard adduced from Mr. Keefe that when business fulls off the number of freight trains ig re duced and train crews lose their em ployment. "Labor is the first to feel business depression, isn't it?" asked Mr. Stone. "eg," replied Mr. Keefe. "The general managers, first of n'l, must, get results and the human cle ment does not count," continued Mr. Stone, ut which W. L. Park, vice president of the Illinois Central and a member of the board, Interjected; "Oh, no, Mr. Stone, I operate a rail road and the human side of the busi ness received much consideration from me." "Yes, Mr. Park, but the first con sideration Is results. There must, it any cost, be results, then, if so mind ed, the operating managers can con sider the men," ELECTION FRAUDS in 1 11 1 1 nil mm p na tm nuHUD MHCT ORnniipr ! if 1 11.11 1 iiiiii 111 11 111 wu 1 1 IIUUUUL MOBEEVIDEHCE NEW MEXICO, WEDNESDAY, SEIZURE OF ALL Nothing Similar Known to I lis When Acted tory Since Days Pharaoh of Egypt Upon Advice of Josoi LIVESTOCK SUPPLY TO BE GREATLY CURTAILED Hogs Are Being Converted Into Sausage and Smoked Meats; Brings War Home to People as Nothing Else, (r MORNIN JOURNAL A RACIAL I I AAA D WIRI) llcrilii. flail. 2 fx In London. .Inn. I:;t."i it. in ) Th governmental order for tint expropriation of all stocks of corn, Wheat and f,,ur, which was announced most unexpectedly last night, is naturally the chief topic of discussion hy the tiewRimners and "le people, All ale inclined to accept ii in no ot'ni i'irii iiidi wMiioui grum bling, 14 M II nil"'UkJ'i rl' urn., aj, . ,. check , mlsllH,. f Kniln t k , which ban been minu on ib snin. ti, earner governmental measure, and to conserve the grain until the next harvest. The Tageblatt, however, is inclined to criticise the government for Its de lay In finding out tliHt the 1914 har vest was only an average instead of a bumper crop, as at first announced, and Its failure to adopt long ago steps which are only now found necessary. Itrings War Home to People. The measure which brings the war home to the Ocrmans. as nothing else since the days; of mobilisation, es right down to the smallest reach- 1 hold. Kach family, no matter how small or how poor. Is culled upon to declare its stock of grain or flour, i Juantitles below :'0 pounds are ex-j empt from seizure. I The expropriation was determined Upon, it is authoritatively staled, be cause of the fact that In spite of all warnings and appeals the consump tion of bread made of wheat and oth er flour showed no signs of decreasing and whs continuing at a rate which threatened the vhHiHtimx of hMUpUcs before the next hi 1 v 'St. The available alternatives open to the government were cither to allow the natural rise in prices to check tho consumption, which would have thrown the whole burden of war prices upon the poorer people, or to expropriate the supplies und thus in sure equitable distribution at prices which would not be excessive. Abuses Mere Continued. Additional reasond lor Hie adoption of the second alternative was found in speculative abuses which, notwith standing the patriotism of the Herman people In general, have been going on, ) disregard f the regulation prcsrrlh- 1 Ing an admixture of rye and potato flour with wheat and particularly tho feeding- of grain to livestock. The measure provides for a reduc tion in the number of livestock, which, at the present time, is Hut j greatest 011 record. Swine, to a large j extent, ale being converted into sau ' sage ami smoked meals under (he auspices have been if the communes, which allowed to expropriate them. Mock of (train I .ovv. No information regarding the Her- loan stock of grain, ns established by governmental inquiry, December 1, can be obtained, but a high official said that 'wliile it wus admittedly be low the normal into of consumption which In dermuny is about ,120 poundti of rye and 20ti pounds each of wheat und barley per capita per annum, it was adequate, If properly husbanded, to nourish tho people until the next harvest. The expropi iat ion does not extend to grain imported from ubroad, to which the existing maximum prices do not apply, t Wheat in Merlin today was $1.70 per bushel. ) Soda lisl lo Measure. Importers, however, according to the authority consulted, must offer tho Imported grain either to the grain monopolv company or to the com munes. The expropriation, while purely a I war rncasur.e, represents a socialistic experiment which, since Pharaoh, probably is without precedent either In scale or Jn. character. Kxperis hero are wondering just how it will work out The unnounrenient was virtually without effect oil the grain exchange where there bus been light trading since tho adoption of the maximum price regulation. WOULD RETURN $40,000 FUND TO ROOSEVELT fV MOWNINO, JOURNAL APICIAL LIAAIO WINB Washington, Jan. 26. Under the terms of a bill introduced today by Senator Lodg'.', former President Koosevelt would have returned to hiin the $40,000 .Vol el peace prize award ed him in J90fi, which he turned over to the government as a fund for the Foundation for Promotion of Indus trial peace. The fund was tendered as a nu cleus for the foundation, its Income lo aiil in its maintenance under the guidance of a commission, Sufficient interest, it is understood, could not bo aroused in outside sources to pro mote the work of tho foundation. This is given us the reason for Senator Lodge's bill, which would refund to tho former president the principal of the fund. Thirty Killed Itf Aerial ISoinbs. Ijondon, Jan. 2 7:15 p. m.) He ports by way of "Copenhagen from Russia say thirty persons were killed and fifty injured in a bombardment of Kl"lce, Poland, recently by Aus triun aircraft. GOVERNMENT IS UNPRECEDENTED JANUARY 27, 1915, SIR EDWARD GREY JUSTIFICATION Dissects Interview of Dr. Von Bctlimann-Hollvveg Given to Repicsontative of the Asso ciated Press, GIVES BRITISH VERSION OF BELGIAN AGREEMENT Bluntly "Disputes Statements Regarding What Kaiser's Chancellor Meant by Merely a Scrap of Paper, IRV MORNINR IOURNAL RPICIAL LIAAAO WIR Loudon, Jan. i ii p. m i sir Kdwiuit lircy, Ihe HiiUhIi secretary of state for foreign affairs, today author ized the following statement In reply to an interview with l"r. Von ileth-maiin-llolhveg, the Herman Imperial chancellor, obtained hy a representa tive of Ihe Associated I'ress und pub lished in London January HI and In tho I'nited States January 2 a: "Tho secretary of slate for foreign affairs authorizes the publication of the following observations upon the report of an Interview recently grant ed by the Herman chancellor tu an American cor respondent. 'It Is not surprising that the der ma n chancellor should shotv anxiety to explain uay his now historic phrase about a treaty being a. mere scrap of paper 1'he phrase has made a deep ha inessioii because the nroaress of the world largely depends upon the sane - tily of agreements between Individ- I ....1 1 1... 11 j .1. 1 t ",,""ii,i uriAiTn iiaiionn 1100 me poi- i lev disclosed 10 Herr Von liethinann. Utollweg's phrase tends to debase the legal atul moral currency of the world Attempts to Change Meaning. "What the Herman chancellor said was that dreat Hriluln in requlriiisT Ctirmaiiy to respect tile neutrality of Belgium 'was going to muko war just for a wind, Just for a scrap of paper' that Is, that Ureal Hriluln was making a mountain out of a moln-hlll. lie now asks the Amii'lcuu public to helievi) I hut h meant the Ai:t op posite of what he suid, that it Was dreut Hrituin who really regarded tho neutrality of Itelgium us mere tri fle and t hat It was dermuny who took her responsibility towards the netiirul states so seriously. Ihe arguments by which Herr Von llethmunn-Hollweg seeks to cstubllsh the two sides of tills case IH'o ill Jiut com radielion of the plain farts. First, the Herman chancellor al leges that England In 1911, wus de termined to throw troops Into lielgium Without the consent of Hie Itelglun government. This ullegullon Is abso lutely false. Jt is based upon Corfu In documents found in Brussels which record conversations between Uritish and llclejau officers in 1906 und uguli) in lull. Xo .Military Argument. "The fict that there is no note of these conversations at the lliitish war office or the foreign office shows that they were of n purely Informal char acter und that ho military agreement of uny sort was at either time rnudc , between the two governments. Dolore any i onvcisal ions look pliice between the Prltiidi und the llelglan officers, it was expressly laid down on the lii ilish side that discussion of the mil itary possibilities was to be addressed to the manner In which, in case of need, llrlllsh assistance could be most effectually uriorded to Helium fur Ihe defense of her neutrality and on the lliigliui side a marginal note upon the record explains that 'entry of the English into itelgium would only take place after the violation of our (liel glani neutrality by ( lermaiiy.' "As regards the i ouveisiition of 1911, the llelgiiin officer said to the British officer: 'Von could only lend in our eountrv with our consent.'; und in lltLI, Sir Edward drey gave the Jlelglau government a culegoricul as surance that no liiilish government would violate the neutrality of liel gium und that 'so long us It was not viola led by any oilier power we would certainly not send tioops ourselves into their territory.' ( luugcs Misstatement. "The chancellor's method of mis using documents may be illustrated 111 this connection. He represents Sir Edward drey by saving: 'lie did not believe England would take such a step beniuse hi' did not thing English public opinion would Juntify such ife tion.' "What Sir Edward drey actually wrote was: 'I said that 1 was suro that this government would not be tho first to violate the neutrality of lhighim und 1 did not believe that j any Uritish government would be the I first to do so, nor would public oplu l ion here approve of It.' "If the Herman chancellor wishes to know why there were mililuiy con versations on military subjects be tween British and Belgian officers he may find one reason In a fuel well known to him, namely: that der muny wus establishing an elaborate network of strategics! railways lend ing from Hie Uhine to the Belgian frontier through a barren, thinly po,- ulated tract. The railways were dc- I liherutely constructed to permit of a I sudden attack upon Belgium, such us was carried out last August. Con vers" lions Justified. "Jills fuct alone was enough to justify any communications between lielgium and the oiher powers on the footing that there would be no viola tion of Belglun neutrality, unless II was previously violated by nnolher power. On no other footing did Bel gium ever have any such communica tions. "Jn spite of these facts the derma u chancellor speaks of Belgium us hav ing thereby 'abandoned and forfeited" her neutrality and he implies that he .would not Jiuvc? spoken of tho Her- MAKES A CAUSTIC REPLY TO GERMAN man invasion as a 'wrong' hail he then known of the conversations of ninl HU I. "It would seem to follow that ac cording to Herr Von llelhiimun-lloll-Wes's jrodo wrong heroines right If the party which Is to be the suhlict of the wrong foiesees the possibility and nukes preparations to resist It. "Those who n iv content with older and more generally accepted stand ards are likely to asiee lather with what 1'urdlnal Merrier suid in his pas toral letter: 'HcIlUuiii was hound in honor to defend her own Independ ence. She kept her oath. The other powers were hound to respect and to protect her neutrality, (lerniuuy vio lated her oath, Knghind kept her. These are facts.' Admits ( oniiinlllog Wriin;;. "ill the sei olid pari of the chan cellor's theslH, namely, that Hermany took her responsibilities toward the neutral slates seriously, he allege nothing except that be spoke frunkly of the wrong committed by liermaiiv' III 1 1 1 V . 1 1 1 1 1 1 g llelgiiiiu. "That a man knows the right while doing the wrong Is not usually aercpt d us proof of his serious conscien tiousness. The real nature of tier- iiiany's view ef lur 'responsibilities toward the neutral slates' may, how ever, be itaincd on authority which cannot lie disputed by reference to th Kutlish white pa, hi. "If those responsibilities Were 111 truth taken seriously why, when del many whs asked to respect the neu trality of JlrU'luill if It were respected hy France, did tielmany refus"'' France, when naked the corresponding question l Ihe same time, agreed. This would have giuiianteed Heruiany from all daiiKir ol attack through lielgium. tyuotr Words of Von Jagoxv. "The reason of del nuuiy's refusal was given by Herr von Hethmunn Hollweg's colleague tthe Herman for eign secretary, Heir von Jagow). It may be paragraphed In tho well known gloss upon Shnkespcur"; 'Thrice Is he armed that hath his quarrel just, but four times ho that gets his blow In lust ' "'They had to advance Into France,' nild Herr von .lagovv, 'by the quickest and easiest way so us to be able to get well ahead with their operation and endeavor to strike some decisive blow as early hs possible,' "tiei maiiy'j reul attitude towards r.elKlam was thus frunkly given by the Herman foreign secretary to the Uritish ambassador, and the Herman chancellor. 111 his speech to the relch stag (Inline,) the right to commit i wrong In virtue of the military nec essity of hacking his way through I The treaty which forbade the wrong j was by comparison a mere scrap of i paper. 1 ..'in... I... .11. .... ui.,1,.11 I,. Ihnuri i i" itivi, mm r.,...,., ., ... first statements bv the two Hernu.n ministers. All the apologies and nr- gumeuts which have since, been forth coming, ore afterthoughts to excuse and explain iiway a flagrant wrong. Mori-over, all Ihe attacks upon Ureal. Britain In regard to Mils matter and ull talk about i esponslbililles towards nuiltrul states' come badly from the man who, on July 29, usked Ureal Britain to enter Into a bargain to con done -the violation of tho neutrality of Belgium. Word U CoiTcsKinlcnl. j "The German chancellor spoke lo the American correspondent of his I 'efforts for years to bring about at: ' imdorstundlntr between England and Hcrmany,' an understanding, he Rdd ed, which would have 'absolutely guaranteed the peuco of Europe.' "He omitted to mention what Mr. Asqutth made public In his speech at Cardiff that dermany required as tha price of an understanding an uncon ditional pledge of England's neutral ly. "Tho British government were ready to bind themselves not to bo parties to uny aggression ugulnst der muny. They were not prepured to pledge their neutrality In cuse of UK greuslon by Hcrmany. "An Anglo-dermun understanding on tint latter terms would not have meant an absolute guuruntee for the peace of Europe, but It would have meant un absolutely free hand for dermuny, so far us England wus con cerned, for dermany lo break thil peace of Europe. "The (haucsllor says Hint hi his i conversation with Ihe British niiihas j sudor In Augteit lust he 'may h I been H bit excited ut seeing tho hopen laud work of the whole period of his j chancellorship going for n.innht.' I Considering that ut. the dale ol the conversation, August 4, Hcrmany bud already made war on France, Hie na tural conclusion Is Hint Hio ship wreck of Ihe chancellor's holies con sisted not In a European war out 'n tho fact that England had not ugreel to stuiq, out of (, "The sincerity of the Herman chan cellor's professions to the American correspondent may bo brought to tt very simple test. "Herr von Bel hiuuiin-l lollwcg re fused the proposal which Engluhd put forward und In which Frunec, Italy und Jtussla concurred, for a confer ence ut which the dispute would hnve been settled on fair and honorable terms without war. If he really wish ed to work with England for peace why did he not accept that proposal? He must, have known after tho Bal kan conference In London that Eng land could be trusted to play fair. Herr von Jugow had lilven testimony In tho leiclislug to England's good faith In those negotiations. "The proposal for Hie second con ference between the powers wild made by Sir Edwuid drey with Ihe same straightforward desire for peace as In 1912 and liidi. The derniun chan cellor rejected this means of averting the war, He who does not will Ihe means, must not complain if the con clusion is drawn thai, he did not will the end. "The second part of the Interview with mi American newspaper corre spondent consists of it discourse upon the ethics of the war. The thhins which dermuny iius done in Belgium and Franco have been plueed on rec ord by those who havo suffered from them und who know them at flmt hand. Alter this it does not lie with the Herman chancellor to reud to the other belligerents u lecture, upon :he conduct of the war.'' AMERICAN ARRESTED IN GERMANY RELEASED lav MOANIN4 JOURNAL ARlOlAL LSARID WIRBi New York, Jan. 2li. Edward Bright, un American citizen, arrested at Hoetingen, Hcrmany, October 17, charged with being a spy and held In prison until the early part of Junuury, arrived hero today, a passenger lu the steamer ftindam. Mr. Bright, who was attending doe llngeti university ut the outbreak of the war, sold he knew of no reuson that warranted bis arrest. Mr. Bright was released through the efforts of Ambassador derard ut Berlin. Dally b Carrier or Mnll, tioo Montli. Wiik lo Copies, 6o L IY DE SIGNAL Dcspciatc Fighting Is Report ed in France and Belgium Without Much Gain by Either Contestant, RUSSIAN MOVEMENT CONTINUES IN EAST Austrian Annies Are Concen tiatiugto Resist Pi ogress of Muscovites in Plains of Hungary, . iai MoasiNa jouahal (facial caaaiu mnsAi London, Jun, 2H (10:40 p. in.) The Hermans, who sie reported from Hol land to It making preparations for u, hlg military venture to celebrute tho emperor's birthday tomorrow havo minlo a si inevvhat more determined effort than usuul ugulnst the French ami British linos in Flanders and northern France. They have deliv ered an attack on the French to the east of Ypres and no lens than five attacks on the first division of tho British force" on either side of Lu, Uassee "canal. ' Both Uritish and French official reports assert that ail these Aittaeks fulled of their object and that the Hermans suffered heavy losses. The Hermans, on the other hand, while admitting that their attack oh the British north of the channel was unsuccessful, say that on Hie south side of the waterway their efforts re sulted In complete success und that the British attempts to recapture theso trenches Were repulsed with luuvy losses. These attacks followed u heavy homburdment by Uritish artillery of the Herman positions beyond Ui Bus see In which, according to reports from BouloKiie, one big Hermuii Kim Wus destroyed, while the dertuaiis were prevented from getting a. secon dary heavy gun into position. This wu8 on Saturday. On Monday the. dcruians made their uttu ks and Hone of the hardest fighting of tho campaign took place. The hospital ut Uethuns. wwi shelled by the Hermann and the wounded hud to be removed to UouIohii. There also hus been heavy fighting to the east and west of Cranne, in tho Argonns and lu Al sace. The Bosnians are making another effort to advance In East Prussiu. while In Poland there has been a slackening in the fighting on both sides for the moment. The llusslatia up pear lo he concentration them selves on their offensive north of the Summary of War News of Yesterday Tho relative positions of the ullicd "i ones and the Hermans lu the west remain much us they have been for weeks past, Hio official reports of the engagements indicating only "light gains or losses on either side. II Is evident, however, (hut the Her mans ure displaying n greater degree or activity along the front in tho northern section. There me reports that prepurHilons sro under wuy for a Mrong movement and even morn determined effort than ever, in cele bration ,,f the coming unnlverift' of the emperor's birth. In the eastern theater of the war there is for the time being a lull In I ho righting, which frequently h.is il ine cuse when Hie ouihimIiih' fori ure preparing for e.xtomlml movements. That dreut Britain did not lose ships in tho fight in the North sea. lust Sunday, us wus claimed l,u Her. many, is the assertion of ti i udmirulty. A report Issued by Iho admiralty says ull the ships engaged huve returned to port, but that two of tin. in wen- damaged und that oim officer and thirteen men worn killed und three officers and Iwouly-slx men wounded In the hallle. Although dcimunv hud ordered seised all stocks of corn, wheat and flour in the empire, In order to con serve the food supply, the Herman embassy ut Washington ha.) liotiflecl Ihe ntute department that tho order of cclzure will not apply lo looclbttifra soul to individuals la dei'tnuny from Ihe Fulled .States. The Netherlands premier told the lower chamber of parliament ut Tho Hague thut the entire Dutch army most he kept with tho colors. "At any moment," he added, "Inei- : dents are possible which mny render it necessary for us to muko un. iippegl to arms." A 'fcppeiin airship dropping bomh-j In Lilian. l;us.sia, vwis brought down in tho Baltic sea and iU crew cup- lured. Tile Herman protected cruijier C,n xelle bun been torpedoed in the Ual He sea by uu unknown submarine. She wus not too budiy, damaged, however, to make port. Copenhagen bears that thirty per sons were killed and fifty injured in an Austrian aerial raid over Kielce, Poland. Sir Edward drey, the British for eign secretary, has authorls: rl a slaiemeni , in reply to tho recent "sciap of paper" interview of tho Herman Imperial i huucellor. In which strong denial is made that Croat Hrit uin lu J9I1 was determined to throw troops into Belgium without, the as sent of the Belgian government. Sir Edward had assured the jielglans. the statement says, thut no HHUsh government would violate the neu trality of Belgium so long as It wu not violated by any othei power, lierrimnv's building of alleged stra tegical railways on the lino to tho Belgian frontier Is given as one res son for conversations on military sub. Jeeta between Brttuh and Belgian officer. ROYA BIRTHDAY FOR AN ATTACK BY GERMAN FORCES